Current generator

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: generator consists of stationary circuit based on the coil the outputs of which are connected to load, and its loops are crossed with power magnetic lines of magnetic system. Magnetic system is stationary relative to circuit on the basis of coil and is structurally realised with mercury magnetic core, exciter based on exciting laser and with load for absorption of power pulse wave excited with laser. Exciting laser and load for absorption of power pulse wave are connected to input and output of mercury magnetic core accordingly. Exciting laser and load for absorption of power pulse wave are structurally taken outside the circuit. Exciting laser is controlled with clock generator through start-up scheme.

EFFECT: developing current generator free from constant mechanical drive.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of electronics and can be used to create Autonomous low-voltage power supply of electronic devices.

The generator is called a machine that converts mechanical energy into electrical energy. The generator is based on the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction.

Known current generator (M.I. Kuznetsov fundamentals of electrical engineering. Edited by Dr. Sevastyanova. Edition 9-e, fixed. Moscow: The graduate school. 1964, s), which implements the method of creating an electromotive force (EMF) in the circuit based on the coil at the base of the anchor, which interacts with the permanent magnet on the basis of the stator. Thus the coils of the armature coil move relative to the force lines of the permanent magnet stator. In the generator armature winding of the coil turns of the primary engine in the magnetic field of the poles N and S of the electromagnet of the stator, the power which is supplied from the power source through the quenching resistor. The EMF induced in the conductors of the armature winding by means of a header and brushes, is given in the external circuit. When connecting to the leads of the coil load circuit Znin the latter occurs through the collector circuit of the constant current Inwhose magnitude depends on the magnitude of the magnetic field of the electromagnet of the stator, speed, and nab is Alenia changing the position of the turns of the coil of the armature relative to the lines of force of the electromagnet of the stator, and the number of turns in the coil anchor.

A disadvantage of the known device is the necessity of having a mechanical actuator to move the contour on the basis of the anchor relative to the force lines of the permanent magnet stator.

Closest to the claimed power generator is a device (M.I. Kuznetsov fundamentals of electrical engineering. Edited by Dr. Sevastyanova. Edition 9-e, fixed. Moscow: Higher school. 1964, s, 335), in which the method of creating an EMF is implemented by the interaction of the permanent magnet on the basis of the armature circuit on the basis of a coil at the base of the stator. When this force lines of the permanent magnet armature move relative to the turns of the coil of the stator.

The essence of the constructive solutions of the prototype reveals the drawing in figure 1. In the generator, the armature rotates the primary engine and the magnitude of the magnetic component is achieved by applying the magnitude of the current supplied by the current-carrying rings from source Epthrough the quenching resistance Rp. The EMF induced in the conductors of the stator winding is directly given to the external circuit. When connecting to the leads of the coil load circuit Znin the latter there is an alternating current Inwhose magnitude depends on the magnitude of the magnetic field of the electromagnet armature, the rate of change of the power line the electromagnet armature relative to the position of the turns of the coil of the stator, and the number of turns in the stator coil. Ultimately, the alternating current can be converted into DC by using, for example, rectifier-based diodes.

To the disadvantage of the prototype should include the mandatory presence of a mechanical drive to move the poles N and S of the magnet armature (power lines) relative to the turns of the coil of the stator.

A common feature of the known generators is variation of the conversion of mechanical energy of the drive coil or electromagnet in electrical.

The General disadvantage of generators is the need for continuous mechanical drive anchor system.

The technical result of the invention is to create a current generator, free from the need for a permanent mechanical drive.

The proposed current generator includes a fixed path on the basis of the coil, the outputs of which are connected to the load, and it turns intersect magnetic lines of force of the magnetic system. The magnetic system is fixed with respect to the contour on the basis of the coil and implemented constructively mercury magnetic circuit, agent-based pump laser and the load to absorb the pulse energy waves generated by the laser. The pump laser and the load is absorbed by the I pulse energy waves respectively connected to the input and output of mercury magnetic circuit. The pump laser and the load to absorb the pulse energy waves constructively outside of the loop. Control of the pump laser is a clock generator through the trigger.

The essence of constructive solutions proposed current generator opens the drawing in figure 2.

Fixed contour-based coil (5), an external circuit which is connected to the coil leads and contains the load Zn(in the latter there is a current In), interacts with mercury magnetic core (4). Structurally mercury magnetic circuit (4) may be positioned within the turns of the coil circuit (1)and cover them outside, for example, in the form of an Archimedean spiral. Figure 2 shows an example of linear mercury magnetic circuit. To its inlet connected to the pump laser (3). Structurally, the pump laser (3) outside of the loop (1). The output of the mercury magnetic core connected load (6), which provides in the process of work and the absorption of the pulse energy waves generated by the laser pulse pump (3). The control of the laser pump (3) is a clock generator (1) via a scheme run (2).

Common to the claimed device and the prototype are the following characteristics:

the path on the basis of the coil;

- the external circuit connected to the coil leads and contains the load Zn(in ledney there is a current I n).

Distinctive features of the prototype are the following characteristics:

the pump laser;

the control circuit of the pump laser based on a clock oscillator circuit and run;

mercury magnetic core;

- load to absorb the pulse energy waves generated by the laser;

- structurally, the pump laser is connected to the input of mercury magnetic core and the outside contour;

structurally load to absorb the energy of the pulse wave is connected to the output of the mercury magnetic circuit.

The operation of the current generator is as follows. When designing a clock generator (1) via a scheme run (2) in the power supply circuit of the pump laser (3) Executive last signal generates a light pulse energy. Due to the absorption of energy of the light pulse laser pumping (3) mercury in the magnetic core (4) arises pulse energy wave. The directed movement of a pulse of energy waves in the mercury magnetic core (4) excites the equivalent magnetic pulse wave. Directionally floating in space pulse magnetic wave interacts with the turns of the coil circuit (5) and due to the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction leads to the appearance of EMF on its findings. When connected to the coil leads (5) load circuit Znin the latter there is a current In the magnitude and direction of which depend on the magnitude of power of pulse magnetic waves, the speed and direction of change of its position relative to the turns of the coil, and the number of turns in the coil. It is obvious that the control circuit pump laser allows you to change the power of the light pulse laser and to change the value of the energy pulse magnetic waves.

For the normal functioning of mercury at high magnetic energy power pulsed pump laser (3), and therefore given high power current generator and its output connected to the load (6) to absorb the pulse energy of the wave. In its absence mercury magnetic circuit can physically deteriorate due to the occurrence of possible out-of-phase reflected from the release of mercury magnetic pulse energy waves.

As follows from the description of the claimed current generator, the implementation of mechanical drive for moving the magnetic lines of force relative to the turns of the coil circuit is not required. These functions implements its control circuit (1) and (2) the pump laser (3) in conjunction with mercury magnetic core (4) and the load (6).

Consider the example of a specific implementation of the proposed generator.

To check the way was created the layout of the circuit based on the coil (with glenoid), the external circuit which is connected to the coil leads and contains the load Zn=Rn=100,0 com. The cylindrical coil type length 10.0 cm with an inner diameter of 5.0 mm and an external diameter of 2.0 cm contains 3000,0 turns of copper wire with a diameter of 0.15 mm Linear mercury magnetic circuit was simulated capillary length 15.0 cm, filled with mercury (Hg). The load of mercury magnetic core was used wedge-shaped material of the plugs from a microwave waveguide systems of millimeter wavelength range. As the pump laser was used pulsed semiconductor laser with an operating wavelength in the infrared range and capacity of 10.0 mW. For resistive load, Rnwhen the pulse sequence starts pump laser with a clock frequency of F=50.0 Hz were recorded pulse voltmeter voltage of about 1.1 Century

Using the proposed current generator allows you to create stand-alone low-voltage power sources, free from the need for a permanent mechanical drive and driven only by the power of the pump laser.

The current generator, comprising a fixed path on the basis of the coil, the outputs of which are connected to the load, and the coils intersect the moving magnetic lines of force of the magnetic system, characterized in that mo is the magnetic system is fixed with respect to the contour on the basis of the coil, is realized by the mercury magnetic circuit, agent-based pump laser and the load to absorb the pulse energy waves generated by the laser, which are respectively connected to the input and output of mercury magnetic circuit and constructively outside of the loop, the pump laser is a clock generator through the start circuit of the laser.



 

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