Method of creating induced electromotive force

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: method of creating induced electromotive force is based on the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction and consists in the fact that as magnetic system which is stationary relative to the circuit, there used is mercury magnetic core made in the form of Archimedean spiral with exciter on the basis of exciting laser. Spiral mercury magnetic core encloses outer diametre of the circuit coil loops, and exciting laser is taken outside the circuit. As a result, owing to light pulse energy absorption in spiral mercury magnetic core, there created is energy pulse wave the directed movement of which excites equivalent directed pulse magnetic wave which, when crossing coil loops, leads to induced electromotive force formed at its outputs.

EFFECT: constant mechanical drive is not required for magnetic system.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of electronics and can be used to create stand-alone generators (low voltage power supply) electronic devices.

The phenomenon of electromotive force (EMF) in the circuit on the basis of a coil (solenoid) at the intersection of its magnetic field is called electromagnetic induction was discovered by the English physicist Foredeep in 1831.

There is a method of creating an EMF in the circuit on the basis of a coil (solenoid), which interacts with a flat permanent magnet (M.I. Kuznetsov fundamentals of electrical engineering. Edited by Dr. Sevastyanova. Moscow. The graduate school. 1964, p.172). Thus the coils of the coil move relative to the force lines of the flat permanent magnet. When connecting to the leads of the coil load circuit Znin the latter there is a current Inthe magnitude and direction of which depend on the magnitude of the magnetic field of the permanent magnet, the speed and direction changes the position of the turns of the coil relative to the force lines of the permanent magnet, and the number of turns in the coil.

The disadvantage of this method is the necessity of having a mechanical actuator to move the contour on the basis of a coil (solenoid) relative to the force lines of the flat permanent magnet.

In modifications rassmotrennom the way flat permanent magnet is replaced by an electromagnet (M.I. Kuznetsov Fundamentals of electrical engineering. Edited by Dr. Sevastyanova. Moscow. The graduate school. 1964, s), however, the main disadvantage is stored.

Closest to the claimed method is a method in which a permanent magnet interacts with the circuit on the basis of a coil (solenoid) (M.I. Kuznetsov fundamentals of electrical engineering. Edited by Dr. Sevastyanova. Moscow. The graduate school. 1964, s). The essence of the constructive solutions of the prototype reveals the drawing in figure 1. When moving flat permanent magnet relative to the coils of the coil of the latter crosses the coils of the coil and its lines of force. The connection to the coil leads of the load circuit Znleads to the fact that in the latter there is a current Inthe magnitude and direction of which depend on the magnitude of the magnetic field of the permanent magnet, the speed and direction of change in its position (power lines) relative to the turns of the coil, and the number of turns in the coil.

The disadvantages of this method include the need for a mandatory mechanical drive for moving the flat permanent magnet (power lines) relative to the stationary coils of the coil (solenoid) circuit.

In modifications of the considered way flat permanent magnet is replaced by an electromagnet (M.I. Kuznetsov fundamentals of electrical engineering. Edited by Dr. Svet the APB. Moscow. The graduate school. 1964, s), however, the main disadvantage is stored.

A common feature of known ways to generate electromotive force is the variation of the conversion of mechanical energy of the drive coil or magnet electric.

A common disadvantage of all known methods of obtaining electromotive force in the system path on the basis of a coil (solenoid) - magnetic system is the need for the implementation of mechanical drive.

The technical result of the invention is to provide a method for obtaining electromotive force, free from the need for a permanent mechanical drive.

The proposed method is the creation of EMU is that in the system path on the basis of a coil (solenoid) - magnetic system" stationary magnetic system is implemented mercury magnetic core, made in the form of an Archimedean spiral (spiral mercury magnetic) and pathogen-based pump laser. Spiral mercury magnetic constructively is located relative to the turns of the coil circuit so that covers the outer diameter of the turns of the coil circuit. The pathogen on the basis of the pulsed pump laser is located outside the contour. Due to the absorption of energy of the light pulse laser pumping in a spiral mercury magnetic circuit occurs pulse energy in the economic wave. Directed movement of the pulse energy wave excites the equivalent magnetic pulse wave. Directionally floating in space pulse magnetic wave interacts with the turns of the coil circuit and due to the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction leads to EMF. When connecting to the leads of the coil load circuit Znin the latter there is a current Inthe magnitude and direction of which depend on the magnitude of power of pulse magnetic waves, the speed and direction of change of its position relative to the turns of the coil, and the number of turns in the coil. Spiral mercury magnetic circuit in this way increases the area of engagement of one of the pulse wave with the turns of the coil, which increases the efficiency of the method compared to, for example, with linear mercury magnetic circuit.

As follows from the description of the claimed method of obtaining inductional electromotive force, the implementation of mechanical drive for moving the magnetic lines of force relative to the turns of the coil circuit is not required. These functions implements the pump laser in conjunction with a spiral mercury magnetic circuit due to the formation of the pulse energy of the wave and the equivalent pulse magnetic waves.

Total for the proposed method and the prototype are SL is blowing features:

the path on the basis of a coil (solenoid);

- coils coils intersect the moving magnetic lines of force of the magnetic system.

Distinctive features of the prototype are the following characteristics:

- magnetic system consisting of a stationary mercury magnetic circuit and the pump laser;

structurally stationary mercury magnetic circuit is made in the form of an Archimedean spiral and covers the outer diameter of the turns of the coil circuit;

- structurally, the pump laser is located outside the path.

The essence of the constructive solutions of the proposed method of obtaining inductional electromotive force reveals the drawing in figure 2.

Contour-based coil (solenoid) (1), an external circuit which is connected to the coil leads and contains the load Zn(in the latter there is a current In), interacts with a stationary mercury magnetic core (2). Structurally stationary mercury magnetic circuit is made in the form of an Archimedean spiral and covers the outer diameter of the turns of the coil circuit (1), and to one of its outputs connected to the pump laser (3). Structurally, the pump laser (3) outside of the loop (1).

The inventive method of obtaining inductional electromotive force is implemented as follows.

Due to the absorption of energy of a light pulse pump laser 3 in a stationary spiral RT is coherent magnetic core 2 occurs pulse energy wave. Directed movement of the pulse energy wave excites the equivalent magnetic pulse wave. Directionally floating in space magnetic wave interacts with the turns of the coil circuit 1 and due to the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction leads to an EMF at its outputs. When connecting to the leads of the coil load circuit Znin the latter there is a current Inthe magnitude and direction of which depend on the magnitude of power of pulse magnetic waves, the speed and direction of change of its position relative to the turns of the coil, and the number of turns in the coil.

However, the area of the interaction of the magnetic lines of force of the mercury magnetic core with the turns of the coil increases, which leads to increased efficiency of the method of obtaining inductional electromotive force.

Consider the example of a specific implementation of the proposed method.

To check the way was created the layout of the circuit based on the coil (solenoid), an external circuit which is connected to the coil leads and contains the load Zn=Rn=100,0 com. The cylindrical coil type length 10.0 cm with an inner diameter of 5.0 mm and an external diameter of 2.0 cm contains 3000,0 turns of copper wire with a diameter of 0.15 mm Spiral mercury magnetic circuit was simulated capillary tube, n is executed by mercury (Hg). Step spiral of Archimedes was 10,0 mm On the length of the coil in 10.0 cm was implemented 9.0 turns. As the pump laser was used pulsed semiconductor laser with an operating wavelength in the infrared range and capacity of 10.0 mW. The load was recorded pulse voltmeter voltage of 12.5 mV.

Using the proposed method allows to create standalone generators (low-voltage power supplies), free from the need for a permanent mechanical drive and driven only by the power of the pump laser.

The method of obtaining inductional electromotive force in the circuit on the basis of coils, the coils of which intersect the moving magnetic lines of force of the magnetic system, and based on the phenomenon of electromagnetic induction, characterized in that the magnetic system is realized by the mercury magnetic core, made in the form of an Archimedean spiral, which covers the outer diameter of the turns of the coil circuit, and pathogen-based pump laser, outside of the loop, due to energy absorption of the light pulse laser pumping in the spiral mercury magnetic pulse occurs the energy wave, directional movement which excites equivalent directed magnetic pulse wave.



 

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