Heat generator operating method without using electric energy, and device for implementation thereof

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: heat generator operating method without using electric energy consists in heat generation from environment, temperature increase of heat carrier and its transfer to heating system. Supply of working medium, and namely water, to outer circuit is performed by means of water ram, and electric energy meant for pump operation in inner circuit is supplied from turbine generator installed in outer circuit. Heat generator device is described as well.

EFFECT: improving system effectiveness, eliminating electric energy consumption from external network, and simplifying heat pump scheme.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of operation of heating systems.

The known method of operation warm pump (Kaganov M.A. "Teploelectrocental pumps").

Earth and ground water retain heat, even in winter. Heat pumps can use this heat, increasing the temperature of the heat and transferring it to the heating system.

In ordinary household refrigerators in the closed circuit circulating a refrigerant. He takes away the heat from the inner chamber of the refrigerator and throws him out through the back wall. The heat pump works on the same principle, but it is not cold, and heat. The heat pump collects heat dissipation with non-freezing liquid (antifreeze) from an external heat source (ground, ground water, air). The temperature of this heat rises to the level required by the heating system. To increase the temperature of the heat pump requires additional energy. It has several components: external, internal, and path to transfer heat to the heating system. Efficient heat pump differs in that the heat taken from the external heat source, exceed the amount necessary to raise the temperature of energy.

The disadvantages of this system:

1. the energy consumption includes the power to the pump in the secondary circuit,

2. use the external site (soil) or the drilling of a well.

The task of the invention is to increase the efficiency of the system, eliminates the consumption of electric energy from the external network, the simplification of the circuit of the heat pump, the liberation of the area occupied by the external circuit.

The problem is solved due to the fact that in the known method of operation of the system the heat pump is added to the hydraulic RAM.

A hydraulic RAM is called water hydraulic machine that uses a hydraulic shock to lift the fluid to a predetermined height (Hovsepyan V.M. "Hydraulic RAM and RAM installation").

A precondition for Tarana is a location below the water level in the source, for example, below the water level in the reservoir, pond, river.

A hydraulic RAM is a water lift, in which the motor and pump combined in one machine is a very simple design that works automatically.

The hydraulic RAM can be performed not only for inclusion in the scheme with a heat pump, but it can be used to provide water for various objects, as well as for watering the surrounding agricultural area.

For the implementation of this method offered the well-known scheme for space heating using a heat pump to change by removing the external circuit in which circulates a refrigerant, located on the outer contour of the pump, pumping the coolant in the pipe, the runic power for the pump in an internal circuit to be implemented with the help of a turbo-generator, installed in an external circuit.

This system differs in that it contains instead of the external circuit the water circuit of the hydraulic RAM, which will be connected to the inner circuit of the heat pump. In the discharge pipe hydracarina will accommodate the arcuate tube with the inner contour of the heat pump. As a result, we have the so-called heat exchanger. And a bypass pipe contains a turbine generator, which provides power to the pump on the domestic circuit.

This system design provides increased efficiency of the system compared with the usual design of a heat pump, an optional application of external heat pump circuit, and hence removal from the scheme of the pump on this circuit, and the external installation of the turbine generator, which eliminates the energy consumption from the external network while increasing the efficiency of the installation.

Thus, the claimed technical devices allow you to implement the inventive method, when this are:

1. The exception of the consumption of electrical energy is achieved by removing the pump to the outer contour of the device and installation of the turbine generator on this path).

2. The efficiency of the system.

3. Release adjacent to the object area.

From the above it follows that when implementing the proposed method and devices for its implementation is achieved technical result consists in the operation of this device without the consumption of electrical energy for heating houses, cottages and suburban areas, in hot water, given to a refrigerant. To heat the heated space can be used elements, as in the heat pump system. Better be using a dedicated heat in the heated floors.

The claimed group of inventions to meet the requirement of unity of invention, since the invention relates to the objects of the invention one type, the same direction, providing the same technical result is fundamentally the same way.

The drawing shows a schematic diagram of the device of the heat generator. This circuit includes a hydraulic RAM on the outer contour and the installation of a turbo-generator in a discharge pipe of the external circuit, the two handsets heat conducting relationship between the external and the internal circuit, and between the internal circuit and the heating system: evaporator and condenser), the inner loop is, includes the compressor and the throttle.

This device operates as follows: at the start of the talus of the unit water supplied on a feed pipe 1 to the shock valve 2 and under pressure H1flows through him out with increasing speed. With increasing speed up to a limit pressure drop valve upwards increases so that will exceed the weight of the valve, close it and will block further release of water out.

When this happens hydraulic shock, resulting in pressure to the supply pipe will quickly rise above the pressure in the air cap 4;

under the action of this pressure opens the discharge valve 3, and the water will begin to flow through him in the air cap.

Then the water from the air cap under the influence of excess pressure will go through the discharge pipe 5 in the pressure of the upper tank 6, rising to a height of H2. After the water hammer pressure in nutrient pipe falls below atmospheric and the shock valve 2 under the action of excess of atmospheric pressure and partly by its own weight (or springs) will re-open. At the same time under the pressure of water in air cap closes the discharge valve and RAM installation will automatically come to its original position.

In the next moment the water is again suitable for p the test tube to the shock valve, will rush out through the open valve will raise him up, will cause hydraulic shock, and described the process will be repeated in the same order.

Taran is automatic and almost never requires any maintenance. The length of the nutritional pipe is equal to (5-8) H1.

Height H1- the vertical distance from the horizon of the water source to the hole of the shock valve is called the drop height, and the vertical distance H2- from the opening shock of the valve until the level of water in the pressure tank has a height of discharge.

Water after passing through the pressure of the upper tank 6 enters the apparatus is a heat exchanger (evaporator) 7.

After passing the water through the heat exchanger, it is displayed back to the source through the bypass pipe 9 through the valve (regulator) 8 regulating the pressure of water passing through the heat exchanger (evaporator) and the turbine 13, which provides electricity to the pump. The internal integrated circuit devices-exchanger - evaporator 7 and the capacitor 11, as well as devices that change the pressure of the refrigerant spray it in the liquid phase of the reactor 10 (narrow calibrated hole) and compressing it, is already in a gaseous state pump(compressor) 12, which operates by receiving electric power from the turbine generator 13 that is installed in the bypass pipe of the external circuit and rabotaushi what about due to the passage of water through the pipe. The liquid refrigerant is forced through the orifice, the pressure drops, and he enters the evaporator where it boils, taking away the heat supplied from a pressurized tank top with hydracarina from the source. Since the boiling point of the refrigerant is very low, then it turns into a gas. Further, the gas, which has become the refrigerant is sucked into the pump (compressor) 12, is compressed and heated, forced into the condenser 11. The condenser is a heat-node heat pump: heat here is taken by the water system heating circuit. When the gas is cooled and condensed into liquid to again be subjected to negative pressure in the expansion valve and back into the evaporator. Describes the method of operation of this device.

The inventive method and device is industrially applicable as include the applied method and device, supplemented feasible operations, and the scheme itself is augmented functional elements that improve its performance.

The proposed method and device of the circuit operating principle, provide a new set of essential features that enables operation of device heating systems without the supply of electric energy. The advantages of this scheme of operation of a heat pump in the first place should be considered cost-effective: for transfer to the system is it heating 1 kW of heat energy installation, no need power supply from the external network. In addition, the heat pump does not burn fuel and produces no harmful emissions into the atmosphere. It does not require special ventilation and absolutely safe. All systems operate using a closed circuit and does not require operational costs and cost of electricity required for operation of the equipment. During operation the system does not require special maintenance, it is possible manipulation does not require any special skills and is described in the instructions.

1. The method of operation of a heat generator without the consumption of electrical energy, which consists in receiving heat from the environment, the temperature of the heat carrier and transfer it to the heating system, characterized in that the flow of the working fluid, in this case water, in the external circuit is performed by means of hydracarina, and electrical energy for operation of the pump internal circuit is supplied from a turbine generator that is installed on the outer contour.

2. Device for securing the said method comprising at least a compressor, a throttle, two devices-heat exchangers and turbine generator, characterized in that it additionally contains in the external circuit of the hydraulic RAM with the contour of the turbine generator.



 

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