Alkyl-urethane enamel paint and varnish composition, method of producing alkyd-urethane enamel with different tones and alkyd-urethane enamel manufacturing complex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: group of invention relates to production of paint and varnish compositions such as enamel, and specifically to production of alkyd-urethane enamel with different colour spectrum, which can be used for protective-decorative coating various types of surfaces. The paint and varnish alkyd-urethane enamel composition contains a combination of at least one alkyd varnish and at least one alkyd-urethane varnish, a pigment component, which is necessary for forming the colour of the enamel, at least one organic solvent, a dispersing agent, a drier and other auxiliary target additives, including at least one rheological additive, anti-film additive, anti-crater additive. The method of producing alkyd-urethane enamel with different colours involves the following stages: possible preparation of separate liquid and granular components, and their batching in accordance with the formulation and consumption rates for the produced amount of enamel, preparation of intermediate products, two-step dispersion, setting "type", step-by-step control. Manufacturing complex for producing alkyd-urethane enamel in form of suspension, containing colouring pigments in a mixture of organic varnish, solvent, lapping compound and target additives, consists of posts which form a hydraulic system fitted with process pipe-lines, where posts are linked with each other according to operations producing the said suspensions and include a post for storing initial dry and liquid components, a post for batching and weighing said components, a post for mixing the components, a dispersing post, a post for setting "type" of the enamel and a post for packing final enamel product.

EFFECT: obtaining alkyd-urethane enamel with good physical and chemical characteristics, which does not flake during storage and does not form surface film and residue.

25 cl, 5 tbl, 1 dwg, 1 ex

 

Group of inventions relates to the paint industry, namely, to obtain alkyd-urethane enamels of different colors, which can be used for protective and decorative coatings of surfaces of different nature, in particular of metal, concrete, reinforced concrete, wood, plaster surfaces, and can be used in various industries, as well as for painting agricultural and road machinery, technological equipment and other metal and wooden surfaces, requiring good decorative properties and long service life in the ambient conditions and indoors.

Enamels are liquid, pigmented, microheterogeneous systems, one of the most important consumer-technological properties which are: adhesion, resistance film formed on the surface of the product, drying time, viscosity and decorative effect.

From RU 2001931, 30.10.1993 known paint enamel composition comprising, in wt.%:

Melamine-formaldehyde resin24,70
Pentaftalevyh resin9,65
Aluminum powder grade PAP-2 3,37
Titanium dioxide7,86
Pigment red iron oxide1,71
Oleic acid0,54
Solvent52,17

However, this enamel is primarily intended for producing paints (enamels), having a metallic lustre, and is intended for the coating of car bodies.

From SU 1495348, 23.07.1989 known paint composition to obtain decorative coatings, including, wt.%:

Pentaftalevyh alkyd resin35-40
Pigments20-30
Filler0,1-3,0
Desiccant0,01-0,2
Organic solventthe rest of it.

It contains as filler by-product production perborate sodium, contains, wt%:

CaO50,1 is 55.2
In2O30,5-3,0
SiO20,5-5,0
CO239,0 with 43.2
MgO+Al2O30,5-3,0.

As the pigments of the paint composition contains titanium dioxide in combination with azure iron, iron oxide pigments, crown yellow lead, the lead crown lemon. The resulting enamel is quite toxic due to its content of lead pigments.

From RU 2016030, 15.07.1994 known paint composition comprising a lacquer-based synthetic film-forming, spirtovodochniy dye and the solvent in the varnish as solvent includes dimethylformamide and acetone in the following ratio of components, parts by weight:

The lacquer on the basis of synthetic film-forming100
Spirtovodochniy dye0,02-1,05
Dimethylformamide0,45-7,20
Acetone0,03-3,06.

As varnish can be used as a nitrovarnish the different brands, and varnishes (other polymeric material is a urea-formaldehyde type PM-270 and Uralides the basis of AU-271.

However, this coating composition is intended mainly for transparent finish products in the manufacture of stained glass, murals and does not apply to the enamel coating.

Known (patent RF №2017780 C1, RF patent №2017779) polyurethane compositions for coatings, including walkydog resin, a modified N,N-substituted aliphatic amine. They have a high luster, good optical properties and resistance to water and 1% acetic acid solution.

However, coatings based on them have low color characteristics and do not provide sufficient speed of curing, the volume of microhardness and strength properties of the coatings.

Know of any other composition for coating (patent RF №2017779), including walkydog resin, a modified N, N-substituted aliphatic amine with a molecular mass of 2500-3000 containing urethane groups 8,5-10,5%, urea groups of 0.5-1.5, in the following ratio, wt.%:

Uralkaliy resin, a modified N,N-substituted
aliphatic amine45-55
Sikati the 1,2-2,5
Cyclohexanone oxime0,4-0,6
Organic solventRest

The composition forms a relatively hard surface at a temperature of 20±2°C With good luster. However, the composition does not provide a high speed curing and makes it possible to obtain coatings with good color, high adhesion, wear resistance, dimensional microhardness and tensile strength.

From RU 2298573, 10.05.2007 known polymer composition for coating comprising a modified walkydog resin, a drying agent, an antioxidant and an organic solvent, in which the modified Uralkali resin used walkydog resin, a modified secondary aliphatic amine, a primary alcohol and water, with a molecular mass of 6900-12100 containing urethane groups of 11.2 to 12.2%, urea groups is 0.40-0.81 per cent and biuret groups 0,37-0,79%, whereas the organic solvent used xylene, or white spirit, or their mixture, taken in a mass ratio of 1:1, in the following ratio of components, wt.%:

Uralkaliy resin, a modified secondary

aliphatic amine, a primary alcohol and water, with

molecular weight 6900-12100 containing urethane

p> groups of 11.2 to 12.2%, urea groups is 0.40-0.81 per cent and biuret

groups 0,37-0,79%45-53
Desiccant1-2,7
Antioxidant0,35-0,65
Specified organic solventRest

This known composition has good strength properties, however, relates to lacquer coatings, not enamel.

As the closest to the technical nature of the claimed invention can be selected alkyd enamel from RU 2139311, 10.10.1999, which contains a solution of an alkyd resin in an organic solvent 15-35 wt.%, pigments 10-60 wt.%, desiccant 0.5 to 4.5 wt.%, white spirit and 4-35 wt.% alkyd resin with an acid number of 6 to 20 mg KOH/g, a modified of 0.02 to 0.2 parts by weight of polyaminoamide resin with a molecular mass of 900-5000 $ and amine number 1-15 1 parts by weight of alkyd resin. Enamel can additionally contain 0.1 to 0.5 wt.% protivolakoznoe supplements. Enamel may contain as organic solvent included in the solution of an alkyd resin, preferably white spirit. The enamel has superior resistance to water, sediment stability, improved thixotropic the properties, however, primarily intended for painting vertical surfaces and their properties does not meet the increased requirements of the enamel on the main protective properties and colours.

From SU 1495348, 23.07.1989 known method of preparing alkyd pentaftalevyh enamel by pre-dispersing the mixture pentaftalevyh varnish (for example, varnish PF-060), pigments (titanium dioxide, crowns lead yellow, crowns lead lemon), fillers (mikrobasic, a byproduct of the production of sodium perborate), subsequently grinding the mixture to milling degree "wedge" not more than 25 μm, add a drying agent and dilution enamel to working viscosity 28-30 with B3-4 solvent. The resulting enamel does not have sufficient weather resistance and durability.

From RU 2298573, 10.05.2007 a method of obtaining paint Uralkali composition comprising walkydog resin modified, desiccant, antioxidant (methylethylketoxime), organic solvent (xylene, white spirit or a mixture) by mixing the oligomeric basis (Uralkali resin in an organic solvent with a drying agent and an antioxidant at room temperature. However, this part does not apply to enamel and is designed for transparent protective coatings on metal, wood and concrete.

From RU 2192441,10.11.2002 a method of obtaining paint pigmentirovannoy compositions for coatings containing the first polyurethane dispersion (A) with an acid number of more than 20, the second polyurethane dispersion (B) with an acid number less than 20, additives, regulating acid number, the catalyst (tertiary amine) and the corresponding color pigment and/or decorative pigment; component (B) may further comprise a polyester resin. As a decorative pigment composition contains, for example, the flake pigments in the form of a metal powder; as a color pigment is titanium dioxide, pigments based on iron oxides, carbon black, azo pigments, and others.

In that case, when the composition contains a color pigment, and the last before the start of the process of mixing of both components a and B is introduced into the A. Particularly preferably a colored pigment to grind with component a to obtain the desired grain size of the pigment. In the case when the coating composition contains a decorative pigment, the last before the beginning of the process of mixing of both components a and B is introduced into the B. To this end decorative pigment can grind in part B, for example, as follows:

first, this decorative pigment, which is a commercially available product, delivered mostly in the form of a powder or in paste form, is mixed preferably diluted with water organically the solvent and appropriate additives, and processed it into a paste. It is necessary to prevent the possibility of mechanical damage to the decorative pigments in the process of mixing.

This known composition is water soluble and is used to obtain coatings by the electroplating method, primarily for painting cars.

From RU 2001931, 30.10.1993 a method of obtaining enamel, which consists in the fact that they are preparing a pigment paste containing a polymeric binder (a mixture of pentaftalevyh resins and melamine-formaldehyde resin, white pigment, filler, aluminum powder, surface-active substance (surfactant) and an organic solvent, as well as tinting paste containing a pigment, a polymeric binder, a surfactant, and an organic solvent, and then separately dispersed paste vibrocavitational shredding oscillation frequency

100-190 Hz, the amplitude of 2.5 and 4.4)×10-4m 3-5 minutes Pasta served in a mixer to obtain the finished enamel.

The method is designed to produce enamels with a metallic effect, is intended for painting vehicle bodies, in addition quite complicated.

Objective of the claimed group of inventions is getting enamels with a rich wide color gamut and increased strength and protective properties, such as acid-alkali, oil resistance, weather resistance, durability is to UV radiation in a wide range of temperatures in different climatic conditions with high adhesion and elasticity of the coating film, as well as increasing efficiency while reducing the labor intensity and energy intensity of production processes alkyd-urethane enamels.

The goal of the project is achieved that is claimed as the invention of a group of inventions, which includes in the first embodiment of the paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel, according to the invention containing a combination of at least one alkyd varnish, and at least one alkyd-urethane varnish, the pigment component necessary for the formation of enamel color, at least one organic solvent, dispersant, drying agent and other auxiliary additives target, including at least one rheological additive, protivopolojnuu additive Antikythera Supplement.

The content of alkyd-urethane varnish composition may comprise at least 10% of the total mass of the above varnish and/or not less than 8% by weight of the paint composition.

As alkyd varnish paint composition may contain pentaftalevyh varnish, and as alkyd-urethane varnish it contains Uralkaliy lacquer, as a rheological additive Benton and/or viscogel on kaolin-based, as antirational additives it contains preferably (0,9-1,1)%solution of polymethylsiloxane in xylene, as about evolence additive composition comprises, preferably, methylethylketoxime, the ratio of the components of the composition in wt.% the following:

Varnish alkyd pentaftalevyh72,0 is 16.0
Varnish alkyd-urethane8,0-64,0
Desiccant2,1-2,8
Disperser0,89-1,05
Rheological additive0,7-0,85
Antikythera additive0,93-1,05
Protivolakozna additive - methylethylketoxime0,13-0,16
Color pigment additive, the corresponding color
the resulting enamelof 0.2 to 8.1
Organic solventThe rest of it.

The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel may contain as a dispersant, preferably, a dispersant, a composition formed from a mixture of complementary target properties of surface-active substances, for example, in the form of a composition t is PA FA-601, and as an organic solvent, preferably white spirit, solvent, or a mixture thereof.

The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel may further comprise at least one filler, preferably, the micro-talc 1-9 wt.%, for example, mark "MT MSRD" or "MT-10 SUPER."

As the pigment component paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel may contain at least one color pigment additive required for the formation of enamel color, for example, enamel light gray in color, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; technical carbon, or soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Yellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment orange, preferably, brand Versal orange HLD" in the form of a powder with orange the content of the moisture not more than 0.5%; as for the formation of enamel, for example, dark grey composition contains a pigment component, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Pathogen blue E and modifications 15:3 in powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; technical carbon, or soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red iron oxide, preferably brand "Bayferrox 110C in powder form red-brown color with moisture content not more than 0.5%.

As the pigment component paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel may contain at least one required for the formation of enamel color, for example, enamel colors shades of green, pigment additive, each of the at least three colors - white pigments group, representing respectively the green and yellow pigments, and pigments all these colors, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, suppose the equipment, rutlege type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Vellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment green phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Green GNX" in the form of a powder dark green with a moisture content not more than 0.5%.

As the pigment component paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel may contain at least one color pigment additive required for the formation of enamel color, such as enamel colors dark red tones, each of the at least three colors - white pigments group, representing respectively the red and blue pigments, in the aggregate, such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red zheleznodorolny, preferably, brand Bayferrox 110C in powder form red-brown color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; p gment red, preferably, the organic pigment red "5S" in the form of a powder cherry-red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment red, preferably brand "Versal Scarlet R" in the form of a powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red-brown, preferably, brand Bayferrox 130BM" in the form of a powder reddish-brown color with a moisture content of 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Blue A4R" and modification of 15:1 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content of not more than 0,5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, by "Pathogen blue E and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, brand "B-2G-L" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; the organic pigment violet 23, preferably of the brand "Pathogen super purple RVS" in the form of a powder purple color with a moisture content of not more than 1%.

As the pigment component paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel may contain at least one required for the formation of enamel color, such as enamel colors of red tones pigment additive of each of at least three colors, respectively scarlet or red and white and at least one is on the pigment of the yellow spectrum of colors, moreover, the pigments all these colors, preferably selected from such as pigment red, preferably, the organic pigment red "5S" in the form of a powder cherry-red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment scarlet, preferably, the organic pigment scarlet "2C", for example, in the form of a homogeneous powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment red, preferably brand "Versal Scarlet R" in the form of a powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; or pigment red-brown, preferably, brand "Bayferrox 130BM" in the form of a powder reddish-brown color with a moisture content of 0.5%; titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; and/or pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; or pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Vellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%.

As the pigment component paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel may contain at least one required for the formation of enamel color, n is the sample of enamel colors black tone pigment additive, selected from the group of pigments, representing respectively the black and blue pigments, and pigments all these colors, preferably selected from such as technical or carbon soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment particle, preferably, brand SB-4 in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Blue A4R" and modification of 15:1 in the form of powder blue with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, by "Pathogen blue E and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%;

pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, brand "B-2G-L" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%.

According to the second variant of the claimed invention the technical problem is achieved by the method for the production of alkyd-urethane enamel of different colours according to the invention includes technological stages: prior preparation of a separate liquid and granular components, the dosage in accordance with the recipe and consumption norms to produce the amount of enamel, the manufacture of semi-finished, two-stage dispersion, the statement "t is p", stage control, and preparation of semi-finished enamel includes loading into the mixing tank at the first stage of liquid components, such as alkyd paint, organic solvent, dispersant and at least one target, namely, rheological additive, the mixing with formation of an intermediate liquid composition; in the second phase under stirring specified composition at reduced speed of 300-500 rpm loads of loose components, namely, the pigment component necessary for the formation of enamel color, and fillers required for formation of a color range of enamels, followed by re-mixing at high speed until 1000 rpm, and produce a preliminary dispersion of the first stage to obtain a homogeneous suspension, control and, if necessary, adjust the viscosity, after which the semi-finished product is subjected to further dispersion to the desired milling degree, then dispergirovannoyj suspension is injected alkyd-urethane varnish, download desiccant, at least Antikythera Supplement, mix the suspension, control and, if necessary, adjust the viscosity and color of the enamel by introducing, respectively, of an organic solvent and tinting pastes, perform stirring for 3-40 minutes and after inspection of the finished enamel enter target protivopolojnuu Supplement, perform final mixing, viscosity control and transmit ready enamel on packing.

With this as alkyd varnish can be applied pentaftalevyh lacquer, for example a varnish PF-060, with one tonne of manufactured enamel in a mixing capacity load taking into account technological losses of up to 620 kg alkyd varnish.

As the organic solvent, preferably, may use a solvent, introducing his per tonne of manufactured enamel in the amount of 15-45 kg; as dispersant used dispersant, preferably, brand "FA-601" in the amount of 10-50 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel; and as a rheological additive in the first stage, the production of ingredients in the mixing container load viscogel, preferably brand "Viscogel ED" in the amount of 5-10 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel.

The second step in the manufacture of semi-finished product in the boot process in the mixing capacity of bulk components as color pigment additive component can enter at least one color pigment additive required for the formation of the respective color enamel, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; carbon technically is or soot, preferably, brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment particle, preferably, brand SB-4 in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red zheleznodorolny, preferably, brand Bayferrox 110C in powder form red-brown color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red, preferably, the organic pigment red "5S" in the form of a powder cherry-red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment scarlet preferably, the organic pigment scarlet "2" in the form of a homogeneous powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Blue A4R" and modification of 15:1 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Pathogen blue E and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; the green pigment, preferably brand "Hostaperm Green GNX" in the form of a dark powder green with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, brand "B-2G-L" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red-cor is Chevy, preferably, brand Bayferrox 130BM" in the form of a powder reddish-brown color with a moisture content of 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; the organic pigment violet 23, preferably of the brand "Pathogen super purple RVS" in the form of a powder purple color with moisture content not exceeding 1%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Yellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red, preferably, brand Versal Scarlet R" in the form of a powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment orange, preferably, brand Versal orange HLD" in the form of a powder orange color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; or their various combinations.

After completing the second stage of dispersion in the transition process non - production of the "type" can produce additional loading in the slurry, alkyd-urethane varnish, preferably brand "Uralkyd" in the amount of 220-280 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel, in the same redistribution in the suspension is injected desiccant in an amount of 20-60 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel and antirational additive, preferably in the form (0,9-1,1) %-aqueous solution of polymethylsiloxane in xylene, preferably brand PMS-200A" in the amount of 8-10 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel.

At the completion stage of technological conversion - production of the "type" can be loaded protivolakoznoe additives, preferably, methylethylketoxime not less than 1.5 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel.

Packing made of enamel can produce in containers with a capacity of 50 l (46 kg), mainly by the pump, or in the capacity of 20 liters (19 kg) pump and/or filling.

By the third variant of the claimed invention the technical problem is achieved by the fact that the industrial complex for production of alkyd-urethane enamels in the form of suspensions containing color-forming pigments in a mixture of organic varnishes, solvent, lapping pastes and special additives according to the invention consists of forming equipped with technological pipelines hydraulic system technologically interconnected operations generate the above-mentioned suspensions posts, including the post storage source of dry and liquid components, post dosing and weighing of these components, the fast mixing of the components, the post dispersion, post productions enamel on "type" and post packing the finished enamel, this post storage initial components, at least, contains a system of storage tanks for liquid components of the lacquer bases and organic solvents include each is, at least one pipeline with pump, hydraulically connecting each specified capacity, at least with the subsequent post and in conjunction with other pipelines within the hydraulic system of an industrial complex, with at least one of these vessels are equipped to receive, store and process distribution alkyd varnish, and at least one tank similarly equipped shared with alkyd in a single technological process of production of enamel alkyd-urethane varnish, and post dispersion directly hydraulically connected with the possibility of submitting to him alkyd-urethane varnish containing the specified varnish capacity as storing the original components or equipped with a device for receiving and introducing the suspension of the enamel on the specified post alkyd-urethane varnish from an external source, including the rolling container or tank.

In this case, at least one tank for storing the liquid components of the fast storage of the source components can be equipped to receive, store and process distribution is used, preferably, as the organic solvent of the solvent, xylene and white spirit.

The industrial complex may include post lapping pastes and special additives, the post dosing and weighing of these components includes technologically related post mixing components scales for weighing and batching of dry ingredients, and the weight measuring device, hydraulically connected to the inlet system of storage tanks for liquid components, and the output is supplied through the pump tubing with the fast mixing of the components.

Post mixing of the components may include at least one mixing tank supplied to him in accordance with the norms of consumption and formulation produced enamel liquid, the dry components and, if necessary, lapping pastes, this post mixing includes at least one device for mixing the components.

As a container for mixing can use the bowl with at least a partially open top, and as a device for mixing the components using the dissolver with a paddle stirrer.

Post dispersion may contain at least one apparatus for milling of semi-finished enamel, such as vertical and/or horizontal bead mill, hydraulically connected to the inlet pipe, equipped with at least one pressure pump, with a capacity for mixing, while the post dispersion optionally includes at least one intermediate collection for dispersed semi-finished product made of enamel and outlet hydraulically connected with the post production of enamel on the type.

Post the stop enamel on the "type" may contain, at least one mixer ready enamel and, in turn, on the input is also hydraulically connected by a pipe equipped with a pump with the above-mentioned intermediate collector dispersed semi-finished product made of enamel, and the output is similarly associated with fasting packing the finished enamel in the container.

Post storage source component may contain a supply specified hydraulic system industrial complex store dry ingredients and, if necessary, intermediate products, including lapping pastes, when this store dry ingredients equipped to receive, store and process distribution as the dry components, at least one color pigment additives required for the formation of the respective color enamel, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; technical carbon, or soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment particle, preferably, brand SB-4 in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red zheleznodorolny, preferably, brand Bayferrox 110C in powder form red-brown color with the content of what W moisture not more than 0.5%; pigment red, preferably, the organic pigment red "5S" in the form of a powder cherry-red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment scarlet, preferably, the organic pigment scarlet "2" in the form of a homogeneous powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Blue A4R" and modification of 15:1 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Pathogen blue E and modifications 15:3 in powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; the green pigment, preferably brand "Hostaperm Green GNX" in the form of a powder dark green with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, brand "B-2G-L" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red-brown, preferably, brand Bayferrox 130BM" in the form of a powder reddish-brown color with a moisture content of 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; the organic pigment violet 23, preferably of the brand "Pathogen super purple RVS" in the form of a powder fileto the CSOs color with moisture content not more than 1%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Vellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red, preferably brand "Versal Scarlet R" in the form of a powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment orange, preferably, brand Versal orange HLD" in the form of a powder orange color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; or their various combinations.

Alkyd-urethane enamel according to the invention as alkyd varnish contains various alkyd, presumably, pentaftalevyh varnishes, for example pentaftalevyh varnish PF-060.

Can be used varnishes based pentaftalevyh resins modified with various fatty acids, various vegetable oils.

As alkyd varnish enamel according to the invention may contain other alkyd varnishes, for example, on the basis of glyptal alkyd resins.

As alkyd-urethane varnish enamel according to the invention contains various Uralkaliy varnishes, for example Uralkaliy Lac AU-271 (TU 6-10-1552-76) contains dry residue 43-47%solvent white spirit.

Alkyd varnishes included in the composition of the enamel, represent solutions of alkyd resins (pentaftalevyh, glyptal) in organic solvents (white spirit, xylene or mixtures thereof).

As a drying agent to speed up the curing coatings applied metal salts of the variable shaft is in the surrounding area, for example, linoleates, naphthenate Co, Pb, Mn.

The composition of the alkyd-urethane enamel is produced by mixing in a certain sequence to the components.

Put the obtained alkyd-urethane enamel on different surfaces with different methods (dipping, rolling, brushing, spraying). Depending on the method of application of alkyd-urethane enamel lead up work required viscosity by using an organic solvent (white spirit, solvent, xylene).

This alkyd-urethane enamel according to the invention to improve the processing properties (homogeneity, stability, Dobanovci), as well as the stability of the protective and decorative properties may contain various auxiliary target additives such as wetting agents (various surfactants, oleic acid), cholesteremia supplements (various cellosolve, a function they can perform and white spirit).

As a dispersant enamel according to the invention may contain various polyphosphates, such as sodium polyphosphate.

Enamel can be applied, for example, on a metal surface, free from dirt, rust and scale and fat-free white spirit or petrol, or on a wooden surface, cleaned abrasive cloth and primed.

The enamel in two or three layers when temperature is round (15-30)°C and relative humidity not more than 80%. Thickness of one layer 18-23 microns.

The drying time to "tack-free" of 1.5-2.0 hours at a temperature (18-22)°C.

Drying time to degree 3 at a temperature of:

- (20±2)°C - 6 hours

- (60±2)°C - 30 min

-(80±2)°C - 30 min

The technical solution is illustrated in the drawing, which shows a special case of the production complex on the development of alkyd-urethane enamels, not covering, and, moreover, does not limit the entire amount of the claims of this decision, where:

the drawing is a flow diagram of the production of alkyd-urethane enamels.

Industrial complex for production of alkyd-urethane enamels in the form of suspensions containing color-forming pigments in a mixture of organic varnishes, solvent, lapping pastes and special additives consists of forming equipped with technological pipelines 1 hydraulic system technologically interconnected operations generate the above-mentioned suspensions posts, including the posts 2 and 3 store the source of the dry and liquid components, respectively, post 4 dosing and weighing of these components, the post 5 of the mixing components, post 6 dispersion, post 7 productions enamel on "type" and post 8 packing finished enamel.

Post 3 store original liquid components, at least, contains a system of tanks 9-13 for storing riccicomoto lacquer bases and organic solvents, include each at least one pipeline 1, provided with a pump 14, hydraulically connecting each specified capacity, at least with the subsequent post and in conjunction with other pipelines 1 within the hydraulic system of an industrial complex. At least one tank 9 is equipped to receive, store and process distribution alkyd varnish, and at least one tank 10 similarly equipped shared with alkyd in a single technological process of production of enamel alkyd-urethane varnish.

Post 6 dispersion directly hydraulically connected with the possibility of submitting to him alkyd-urethane varnish with varnish containing the specified capacity of 10 post storage source component or equipped with a device for receiving and introducing the suspension of the enamel on the specified post alkyd-urethane varnish from an external source, including the rolling container or tank (not shown).

At least one receptacle 11-13 to store liquid components of the fast storage source components equipped to receive, store and process distribution is used, preferably, as the organic solvent of the solvent, xylene and white spirit, respectively.

Production complex includes post 15 govdoc what's pastes and special additives.

Post 4 dosing and weighing of these components includes technologically related post 5 mixing components Libra 16 for weighing and batching of dry ingredients and the weight measuring device 17, hydraulically connected to the inlet system of tanks 9-13 for storage of liquid components, and the output is supplied through a pump 14 of the pipe 1 with the post 5 mixing of the components.

Post 5 mixing of the components includes at least one container 18 for mixing supplied to him in accordance with the norms of consumption and formulation produced enamel liquid, the dry components and, if necessary, lapping pastes, and contains at least one device 19 for mixing the components. As the tank 18 for mixing use the bowl with at least a partially open top, and as the device 19 for mixing the components using the dissolver with a paddle stirrer.

Post 6 dispersion contains at least one apparatus for milling of semi-finished enamel, such as vertical and/or horizontal bead mill 20, hydraulically connected to the inlet pipe 1 is equipped with at least one pressure pump 21, with a capacity of 18 for mixing. Post dispersion optionally includes at least one intermediate is a collection of 22 for dispersed semi-finished product made of enamel and outlet hydraulically connected with the post 7 productions enamel on "type".

Post 7 productions enamel on the type contains at least one mixer 23 prepared enamel and, in turn, on the input is also hydraulically connected by the pipe 1, is equipped with a pump 24, with the above-mentioned intermediate collector 22 for dispersed semi-finished product made of enamel, and the output is similarly associated with fasting 8 packing finished enamel in the container.

Post storage source component contains nourishing specified hydraulic system industrial complex store dry ingredients and, if necessary, intermediate products, including lapping pastes, when this store dry ingredients equipped to receive, store and process distribution as the dry components, at least one color pigment additives required for the formation of the respective color enamel.

Below is a specific example of obtaining alkyd-urethane enamel on the declared production complex by the method according to the invention, which illustrates the invention, but not limit it.

Example. The method consists of the following stages, in particular, and includes:

- receiving and dosing of raw materials;

- cooking pasta Benton;

- the manufacturer of the material;

- dispersion;

- setting the "type";

- packing.

Pre-exercise made the s following components (pre-training).

- Carry out the preparation of the bentonite in the form of paste.

Rheological additive Benton loaded into the cake mix paints in paste form at the stage of loading liquid components. To download 1 ton of cake mix in a separate container load 12 kg of white spirit and 5 kg Benton, carefully mix until smooth by hand. Then, to activate Benton, add 3 kg of acetone (possible replacement of acetone in ethanol) and stirred to obtain a homogeneous plastic mass.

- Carry out the preparation antirational supplements.

Antikythera additive - polymethylsiloxane liquid in the form of 0,9-1,1%-aqueous solution (1%in this example) in xylene.

Next carry out the preparation of the semi-finished product.

Manufacturing of semi-finished products is carried out in the bowl under 18 dissolver method skinny pastes.

Loading components are according to the technological map. Specified by recipe number pentaftalevyh alkyd varnish PF-060 light from the tank 9 by the pump 14 is loaded into the weight measuring device 17, where the pump 25 through the technological pipeline 1 into the bowl 18.

The bowl 18 is placed under dissolvere 19, include the stirrer at a speed of rotation of the shaft 300-500 rpm, load weighted dispersant and rheological additive Benton in paste form. As a substitute Benton Ave is changing Benton SD-1 or Viscogel ED, loaded into the form of a powder when loading the dry components.

After loading the liquid raw material mixing are within 20 minutes and, when the stirrer of dissolver 19, portions of the load pre-weighed dry ingredients. Upon completion of the download speed of the shaft is gradually increased to 1000 rpm, and produce a preliminary dispersion within 30-40 min to obtain a homogeneous suspension.

During preliminary dispersion control the viscosity of semi-finished enamel, which should preferably be (100-120) C. With a viscosity of over 120 with suspension add solvent. After each addition of solvent to produce mixing of paint material within 15-20 minutes and check the viscosity. After adjusting the viscosity to normal prefabricated pass to the dispersion.

- Dispersion of semi-finished products.

The dispersion is carried out on two series set vertical bead mills 20 or horizontal bead mills.

The bowl 18 with prefabricated serves to bead mills 20, mounted on the stand and technological pipelines connected to the feed pump 21 one or a pair of bead mills 20. To prevent excessive heating of the material during the dispersion container bead mill is equipped with tanoy shirt. Temperature dispersible material at the outlet of the container should not exceed 60°C in order to avoid polymerization of the paint material. After connecting to the jacket of the container serves for cooling water and start the engine bead mill. Prefabricated enters the grinding chamber of the container bead mill filled with grinding bodies. The degree of reduction depends on the time of stay dispersible material in the area of grinding. After the beginning of the dispersion regulate the feeding speed of the intermediate product in the mill so that the degree of milling on the output from the mill meets the requirements of THE enamel. The degree of milling of glossy enamel, semi-gloss should be no more than 25 μm, semi-matte and matte - not more than 30 μm, silver is not more than 50 μm. Intermediate control milling degree holds replaceable laboratory. To achieve the required degree of milling, the suspension is collected in the bowl 26 or mixers 23 of the finished product.

Removal of mechanical impurities, the suspension is filtered through four layers of gauze. The bowl cover.

- Setting the "type".

Upon completion of the dispersion, and in accordance milling degree requirements THAT produce the "registration type". The bowl 26 with the suspension move under the dissolver 27. Suspension of the bowl 26 may be PE is cacana in the mixer 23 of the finished product.

Include the stirrer of dissolver and download deja prescription number of lacquer Uralkyd and dryers, as well as antirational Supplement. Stirred for 15 min and determine the viscosity.

If the viscosity does not meet the requirements of TU, enamel diluted with white spirit. After each loading of the solvent, the suspension is stirred for 15-20 minutes

When making enamel color to normal or tinting tinting paste is loaded into the mixer 23 or the bowl 26 under dissolvere 27. After each load of pasta produce stirring for 20 min until complete homogeneity of the suspension. Color control is performed by comparing the dried sample with standard length closet.

For enamel light gray color as a color pigment additives required for the formation of enamel color used is preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; technical carbon, or soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" the yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with soda the moisture content is not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Yellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment orange, preferably, brand Versal orange HLD" in the form of a powder orange color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; and for the formation of enamel, for example, dark grey composition contains a pigment component, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Pathogen blue E and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; technical carbon, or soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red iron oxide, preferably brand "Bayferrox 110C" powder form of red-brown color with moisture content not more than 0.5%.

For enamel colors green tones as the pigment component of the applied pigment additive, each of the at least three colors - white pigments group, representing respectively the green and yellow pigments, and pigment is all these colors, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Vellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment green phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Green GNX" in the form of a powder dark green with a moisture content not more than 0.5%.

For enamel colors dark red tones as the pigment component is used, at least one color pigment additive required for the formation of enamel color, each of the at least three colors - white pigments group, representing respectively the red and blue pigments, in the aggregate, such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red zheleznodorolny, preferably, mark "Bayferrox 110C in powder form red-brown color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigmentocracy, preferably, the organic pigment red "5S" in the form of a powder cherry-red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment red, preferably brand "Versal Scarlet R" in the form of a powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red-brown, preferably, brand Bayferrox 130BM" in the form of a powder reddish-brown color with a moisture content of 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Blue A4R" and modification of 15:1 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content of not more than 0,5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, by "Pathogen blue E and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, brand "B-2G-L" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; the organic pigment violet 23, preferably of the brand "Pathogen super purple RVS" in the form of a powder purple color with a moisture content of not more than 1%.

For enamel colors of red tones as the pigment component is used, at least one necessary for the formation of enamel color pigment additive of each of at least three colors, respectively scarlet or red and white and at least one pigment of the yellow spectrum of colors, and pigments all these colors, predpochtitelno, selected from such as pigment red, preferably, the organic pigment red "5S" in the form of a powder cherry-red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment scarlet, preferably, the organic pigment scarlet "2", for example, in the form of a homogeneous powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%;

pigment red, preferably brand "Versal Scarlet R" in the form of a powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; or pigment red-brown, preferably, brand Bayferrox 130BM" in the form of a powder reddish-brown color with a moisture content of 0.5%; titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; and/or pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; or pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Vellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%.

For enamel colors black tones as the pigment component is used, at least one necessary for the formation of enamel color as pigment additive selected from the group of pigments, representing sootvetstvenno the black and blue pigments, moreover, the pigments all these colors, preferably selected from such as technical or carbon soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment particle, preferably, brand SB-4 in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Blue A4R" and modification of 15:1 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably the company "Pathogen blue E and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%;

pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, brand "B-2G-L" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%.

When the indicators provide add methylethylketoxime. Mix methylethylketoxime with enamel for 15-20 min, after which pass the test of QCD to re-viscosity control. When the viscosity of the enamel Packed in the container.

Table 1 presents the specific conditions of the method according to the invention on the example of the preparation of enamel bright green.

"-"
Table 1
The name of the operations and components shall now Name of process indicatorsNotes
Duration, hrs, minTemperature, °CPressure, kPaThe weight of the loaded components, kg
1. Manufacturing of semi-finished
1.1. Download liquid raw materials:I
varnish PF-0600,20placed.ATM601,80
- solvent0,05"-""-"20,0
a dispersant FA-6010,06"-" "-"10,20
- viscogel ED0,05"-""-"8,16
1.2. Mixing0,20"-""-"640,16
1.3. Download loose components:
- pigment Hostaperm Green GNX0,08"-""-"11,42
- pigment Hansa Brilliant gelb 2 GX700,05"-""-"10,51
- titanium dioxide0,06"-""-"28,56
- micro-talc MT-10 super0,0515,30
1.4. Mixing0,30-0,40"-""-"705,95
1.5. The viscosity control0,0520°C"-"
Total:1,55-2,05705,95
2. The dispersion of none is recata
2.1. Move the bowl to a bead mill and connection0,20placed.bar.705,95
2.2. The dispersion of the semi-finished product of the bead mill M1 (M2)3,30-5,00not more than 40°C"-"705,95
Total:3,50-5,20
3. Production of the "type"
3.1. Download varnish Uralkyd0,15placed."-"255,0
3.2. Download desiccant0,05"-"25,70
3.3. Download PMS-200A0,05"-""-"10,20
3.3. Mixing0.15"-""-"996,85
3.4. The viscosity control0,0520°C"-"
3.5. The uploading of white spirit (if necessary)0,10placed.21,62After each additive solvent stirring for 15-20 min
3.6. PE is emiliania 0,30-0,40"-""-"1018,47
3.7. Inspection of finished enamel on ACC-e TU2,00"-""-"
3.8. Download methylethylketoxime0,02"-""-"1,53
3.9. Mixing0,15"-""-"
3.10. The viscosity control0,05
Total:3,45-3,55
Total:12,00-14,201020,0
4. Packing

Table 2 presents characteristics of the components used to implement the method of the invention.

Table 2
no PPThe name and brand of materialGOST or TUIndicators necessary for validationRequirements of GOST or TU
1Lacquer pentaftalevyh PF-060TO-024-45822449-021. AppearanceThe highest grade 1 grade 2 Clear, slight opalescence
2. Y is th viscosity by viscometer B3-246 with dia. nozzle 4 mm (20×2)°C, with60-80
3. Mass fraction is not volatile substances, %52-55
4. Acid number, mg KOH / g, max12 15 20
5. Drying time to degree 3, h, max
-at (20±2)°C12 18 24
-at (80±2)°C222
6. Color by iodometric scale, mg J2/100 cm3not darker30
7. Clean lacquerHigher, with 1 - layer of varnish deposited on glass. the plate should be transparent, without fur. inclusions and "rash", 2-stage by the presence of a single mech. inclusions cannot be>10 pieces.
2Lacquer UralkydTHE 2311-023-458222449-021. The appearance of the lacquerThe highest grade 1 Viscous transparent yellowish liquid without mechanical impurities.
2. Color by iodometric scale, mg J2/100 cm3not darker10 60
3. Mass is Olya is not volatile substances, %49±2
4. Drying time to degree 3, no more than
-when the rate-re (20±2)°C4
-when the rate-re (80±2)°C1
5. Srvc. viscosity at temp-re (20±2)°C in B3-246 with Diamdel 4 mm200-260
3The micro-talc MT MSRDGOST 192841. AppearancePowder white or light gray in color.
2. The moisture content, %, max0,3
4The micro-talc MT-10 superImport1. AppearanceThe white powder.
2. The moisture content, %, max0,3
5Titanium dioxide R-02 or "Dupont", "Kemira"GOST 9808 Import1. AppearanceThe white powder.
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
6Technical carbon (soot) mark P-805 STHE 2166-001-49-707-981. AppearanceBlack powder.
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
7The pigment particle SB-4Import1. AppearanceBlack powder.
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
8Pigment red iron oxide Bayferrox 11 OSImport1. AppearancePowder reddish-brown color.
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
9Pigment red 5STHE 6-36-5800146-588-891. AppearancePowder cherry-red color.
Noderange moisture, %, max3,0
10Pigment scarlet 2CTHE 6-36-5800146-39-891. AppearanceHomogeneous powder red color.
2. The moisture content, %, max3,0
11The pigment of ftlot. 15:1, 15:3 Hostaperm Blue A4RImport (Clariant)1. AppearancePowder blue
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
12Pigment blue ftlot. 15:1,15:3Import (Holliday)1. AppearancePowder blue
2. The moisture content, %, max0.5
13Pigment Hostaperm Green GNXImport1. AppearanceThe powder is dark green
2. The moisture content, %, max 0,5
14Pigment phthalocyanine blue. 15:3B-2G-LImport (Clariant)1. AppearancePowder blue
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
15Yellow iron oxide pigment Bayferrox 920Import1. AppearancePowder yellow
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
16Pigment Bayferrox 130 BMImport1. AppearancePowder purple
2. The moisture content, %, max1,0
17Pigment Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX701. AppearancePowder yellow
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
18Pigment violet - 23Import1. AppearancePowder purple
2. The moisture content, %, max1,0
19Pigment Versal Vellow 2 GXDImport1. AppearancePowder yellow
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
20Pigment Versal Scarlet RImport1. AppearancePowder red
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
21Pigment Versal orange HLDImport1. AppearancePowder orange
2. The moisture content, %, max0,5
22Desiccant LB-2 THE LV TN-000324547-031. AppearanceTransparent homogeneous liquid purple-blue color with no sediment and sludge
2. Mass fraction of metal, %, not less than
- cobalt and manganese (∑)2,0-2,4
- lead15,0-15,5
(accepted by the passport provider)
23Desiccant LB-5THE LV TN-000324547-031. AppearanceTransparent homogeneous liquid red-purple color.
2. Mass fraction of metal, %, not less than
- cobalt and zinc (∑)2,8-3,2
- zirconium6,8-7,2
24Desiccant LB-4THE LV TN-000324547-031. AppearanceTransparent homogeneous liquid blue-violet color
2. Mass fraction
With (1%), CA (1,4%), Zn (2,3%), %, not less thanthe 4.7
- Zr, %, not less than4,0
25Malipati-ketoximeImport1. AppearanceTransparent liquid
2. Density at 25°C, g/ml0,916-0,924
26The Benton 34 (Perchem 44)Import1. AppearanceFine powder little cream-coloured
2. The moisture content, %, max3,0
27Viscogel EDImport1. AppearanceA fine powder of pale cream-coloured
2. The moisture content, %, max3,0
28Benton SD-1Import1. Appearance Fine powder little cream-coloured
2. The moisture content, %, max3,0
29AcetoneGOST 27681. AppearanceColorless transparent liquid
2. Density at 20°C, g/ml, not more than0,791
30Ethyl technicalGOST 172991. AppearanceTransparent, colorless liquid without impurities
2. The volume fraction of ethyl alcohol, %, not less than
- grade a95,0
- brand B94,0
31Isopropyl alcoholGOST 9805-761. AppearanceColorless transparent liquid
2. Density at 20°C, g/ml, not more than0,7815
32White spiritGOST 31341. Appearance
2. Density at 20°C, g/cm3not more
3. T° flash point, °C
Transparent liquid, which does not contain impurities
0,790
33-36
33Xylene coalGOST 9949-761. Appearance
2. Density at 20°C, g/cm3not more
3. T° flash point, °C
Transparent liquid, which does not contain impurities
0,863
26-29
34Solvent coal grades a and BGOST 19281. Appearance
2. Density at 20°C, g/cm3not more than
Transparent liquid colorless to light yellow
0,880
35Butyl acetate brand AndGOST 89811. Appearance
2. Density at 20°C, g/cm3not more than
Transparent liquid without mechanical impurities
0,875
36Dispersant additive NUOSPERSE FA-601Import 1. AppearanceTransparent liquid
37Liquid polymethylsiloxane PMS-200AOST 6-02-20791. Appearance
2. Content of mechanical impurities
Transparent colorless liquid. Pets opalescence
No
38Aluminum paste Benda-Lutz 6041Import1. Appearance

In tables 3 and 4 presents examples of alkyd-urethane enamels obtained by the method according to the invention.

Table 3
Name of the componentMass fraction of components by color, %
window grey RAL 70 pass within 40"grey basalt" RAL 7012bright green RAL 150-50-60
1.Varnish PF-06010-70/6210-70/6510-70 / 56
2.Lacquer Uralkyd 7-80/227-80 / 237-80/28
3.Desiccant LB-52,4-2,9 / 2,42,3-2,8 / 2,82,3-2,8 / 2,3
4.The micro-talc MT-10 SUPER1,5-5,0/1,51,5-5,0/1,5
5.The micro-talc MT MSRD
6.Titanium dioxide (Import)4,0-8,0/4,01,0-5,0/1,0
7.Titanium dioxide (Sumy)5,0-9,0 / 9,0
8.Pigment ...f. 9200,002-0,006 / 0,002for 0,19 0,29/0,29
9.Pgshift:3 B2G-L (Clar.)
10. PHPTAL. blue 15:3 (Hol.)0,06-1,0/1,0
11..Hostaperm. Blue A4R (15:1)
12.Pigmentation treatment. Hostaperm. Green GNX0,07-0,17/0,07
13.Carbon technical P-8030,20-0,30/0,200,95-1,05/1,05
14.The pigment particle SB-4
15.Pigmentation treatment. Hansa Brill.gelb 2GX700,98-1,08/0,98
16.Pigmentation treatment. red W-o.Bayf. 1000,08-1,02/1,02
17.Pigment red 5S
18.Pigment scarlet 2C
19.Dispersant FA-6011,0-5,0/1,01,0-5,0/1,01,0-5,0/2,0
20.Viscogel ED0,5-1,0/0,50,5-1,0/0,50,5-1,0/1,0
21.Anticrack PMS-200A0,8-1,0/0,80,8-1,0/0,80,8-1,0/0,95
22.Methylethylketoxime0,15-0,20/0,150,15-0,20/0,150,15-0,20/0,20
23.White spiritrestrestrest
24.Solventrestrestrest

Table 4
Name of the componentMass fraction of components by color, %
ruby red RAL 3003signal red RAL 3020globalchannel RAL 9005
1.Varnish PF-06010-70/5510-70/1010-70/70
2.Lacquer Uralkyd7-80/307-80 / 807-80/7
3.Desiccant LB-52,4-2,9/2,352,3-2,8/2,32,4-2,9/2,4
4.The micro-talc MT-10 SUPER
5.The micro-talc MT MSRD1,5-5,0/1,5
6.Titanium dioxide (Import)4,0-8,0/4,0
7.Dioxide ti is Ana (Sumy) 1,0-5,0/1,0
8.Pigment ...f. 920
9.Pgshift:3 B2G-L (Clar.)0,48-0,52/0,48
10.PHPTAL. blue 15:3 (Hol.)
11..Hostaperm. Blue A4R (15:1)0,10-0,20/0,20
12.Pigmentation treatment. Hostaperm. Green GNX
13.Carbon technical P-803
14.The pigment particle SB-41,51-1,61/1,51
15.P the GM. Hansa Brill.gelb 2GX703,05-3,15/3,05
16.Pigmentation treatment. red ..f. 100
17.Pigment red 5S4,95-of 5.05/5,0
18.Pigment scarlet 2C4,15-4,25/4,15
19.Dispersant FA-6011,0-5,0/1,01,0-5,0/1,01,0-5,0/1,0
20.Viscogel ED0,5-1,0/0,50.5-1,0/0,50,5-1,0/0,5
21.Anticrack PMS-200A0,8-1,0/0,80,8-1,0/0,80,8-1,0/0,8
22.Methylethylketoxime0,15-0,20/0,150,15-0,20/0,150,15-0,20/0,15
23.White spiritrestrestrest
24.Solventrestrestrest

Table 5 shows the basic properties of alkyd-urethane enamels obtained by the method according to the invention.

Table 5
IndicesRequirements TUTest method
1. Color filmMust be within the permissible deviations of the set of control samples of color, "Index RAL"According to GOST 29319 and p TU
2. The appearance of the filmAfter drying, the film should be smooth, homogeneous, without stratification, pock marks, stains, wrinkles and impurities. Pets small shagreen.On p. TU
3. Viscosity at (20,0±0,5)°C, rheometer B3-246,80-120 According to GOST 8420
4. Mass fraction of non-volatiles, %enamels:According to GOST 17537 and p. 5.6 TU
- Carmine red (RAL 3002)50-56
- other colors52-60
5. The degree of dilution to viscosity type B3-246 (or B3-4), %, not more than25Under item 5.6 TU
6. Hiding power, g/m2not more, for enamels:According to GOST 8784 1
- ivory (RAL 1014)70
- ultramarine blue (RAL 5002)35
- other colors55
7. Drying time to degree 3, h, maxAccording to GOST 19007
1) at(20±2)°C - Carmine red (RAL 3002)12
- other colors6
2) at (80±2)°C0,5
8. The brilliance of the film PV gloss FB-2, %, not less thanAccording to GOST 896
high - gloss60 and over
- glossy50-59
- gloss37-49
- Matt20-36
- Matt4-19
9. The strength of the film when hitting the device AT-2M, cm, not less than50According to GOST 4765
10. The hardness of the film of enamel, the river. units, not less, by pendulum device:According to GOST 5233
- TML (pendulum a)0,22
- M-30,40
11. The elasticity of the film bending, mm, not more than1According to GOST 5233
12. The degree of milling, microns, no more than25By STATE the 6589
13. Adhesion of the film, points, no more1According to GOST 15140 section 2 of this issue
14. Resistance to static action of the detergent solution, cycles, not less thanAccording to GOST 9.403 method and p TU
alkaline FMS S & d (15% aq)5
acid FMS (20% aq)5
15. The resistance at t°(20±2)°C to static action of water, h, not less than48According to GOST 9.403 method and p TU
16. The resistance of the coating at a temperature of (20±2)°C to static action of transformer oil, h, not less than24According to GOST 9.403 method and p TU

As follows from the data presented in tables 3-5, the claimed method according to the invention in the claimed industrial complex get alkyd-urethane enamels of various colors with high physical-chemical and physico-mechanical and protective properties, which enable their use in various industries: construction, machine building the AI.

Thus, the technical result of the claimed group of inventions is the provision of the following characteristics: fast drying and stable Shine while drying, high hiding capacity, efficiency, versatility is obtained by the proposed method enamel works equally well for coloring of new and repair of previously painted surfaces. When storing, the enamel does not separate, does not form a surface film and sludge, high-tech when applied, which is achieved by developed in the invention combination and sequence of introduction of alkyd-urethane composition necessary to obtain enamel components, including the sequence of the introduction of pigment additives, finishing tinting pastes, and the introduction protivolakoznoe supplements required additional stirring of the suspension after each introduction of additional additives or new portion of any component, developed in the invention of technological methods and parameters of the mixing of the input components when found and recommended the change of revolutions of the stirrer and milling degree at an intermediate stage of manufacture of the enamel by the claimed method, and the proposed industrial complex for reducing the complexity and technological simplicity driven the I manufacturing processes.

1. The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel, characterized in that it contains a combination of at least one alkyd varnish, and at least one alkyd-urethane varnish, the pigment component necessary for the formation of enamel color, at least one organic solvent, dispersant, drying agent and other auxiliary additives target, including at least one rheological additive, protivopolojnuu additive Antikythera Supplement.

2. The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel according to claim 1, characterized in that the content of alkyd-urethane varnish in the composition is at least 10% of the total mass of the above varnish and/or not less than 8% by weight of the paint composition.

3. The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel according to claim 1, characterized in that as alkyd varnish it contains pentaftalevyh varnish, and as alkyd-urethane varnish it contains Uralkaliy lacquer, as a rheological additive Benton and/or viscogel on kaolin-based, as antirational additives it contains preferably (0,9-1,1)%solution of polymethylsiloxane in xylene, as protivolakoznoe additive composition comprises, preferably, methylethylketoxime the ratio of the components of the composition, the following wt.%:

varnish alkyd pentaftalevyh72,0 is 16.0
varnish alkyd-urethane8,0-64,0
desiccant2,1-2,8
disperser0,89-1,05
rheological additive0,7-0,85
Antikythera additive0,93-1,05
protivolakozna additive - methylethylketoxime0,13-0,16
color pigment additive, the corresponding color
the resulting enamelof 0.2 to 8.1
organic solventrest

4. The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains as a dispersant, preferably, a dispersant, a composition formed from a mixture of complementary target properties of surface-active substances, for example, in the form of a composition of the type FA-601, and as an organic solvent, preferably white spirit, solvent, or a mixture thereof.

5. Paint the composition alkyd-urethane enamel according to claim 1, characterized in that it additionally contains at least one filler, preferably, the micro-talc 1-9 wt.%, for example, mark "MT MSRD" or "MT-10 SUPER."

6. The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel according to claim 1, characterized in that the pigment component it contains in its structure at least one color pigment additive required for the formation of enamel color, for example, enamel light gray in color, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; technical carbon, or soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%;
yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Vellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment orange, preferably, brand Versal orange HLD" in the form of a powder orange color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; and the formation of enamel, for example, dark grey composition contains a pigment is th component, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Pathogen blue 5380 E" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; carbon or technical carbon black is preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red iron oxide, preferably brand "Bayferrox HOC in powder form red-brown color with moisture content not more than 0.5%.

7. The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel according to claim 1, characterized in that the pigment component it contains in its composition, at least one required for the formation of enamel color, for example, enamel colors shades of green, pigment additive, each of the at least three colors - white pigments group, representing respectively the green and yellow pigments, and pigments all these colors, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of powder b is the logo color with moisture content not more than 0.5%;
yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Vellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment green phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Green GNX" in the form of a powder dark green with a moisture content not more than 0.5%.

8. The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel according to claim 1, characterized in that the pigment component it contains in its structure at least one color pigment additive required for the formation of enamel color, for example, enamel colors dark red tones, each of the at least three colors - white pigments group, representing respectively the red and blue pigments, in the aggregate, such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red zheleznodorolny, preferably, brand Bayferrox 11 OS" in the form of a powder reddish-brown color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red, preferably, the organic pigment red "5S" on osca cherry-red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment red, preferably brand "Versal Scarlet R" in the form of a powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red-brown, preferably, brand Bayferrox 130 BM" in the form of a powder reddish-brown color with a moisture content of 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Blue A4R" and modification of 15:1 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, by "Pathogen blue E and modifications 15:3 as powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, brand "B-2G-L" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; the organic pigment violet 23, preferably of the brand "Pathogen super purple RVS" in the form of a powder purple color with a moisture content of not more than 1%.

9. The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel according to claim 1, characterized in that the pigment component it contains in its composition, at least one necessary for the formation of enamel color, for example, enamel color range of red tones pigment additive of each of at least three colors, respectively scarlet or red and white and at least one pigment of the yellow spectrum of colors, and pigments all these colors, predpochtitel is about, selected from such as pigment red, preferably, the organic pigment red "5S" in the form of a powder cherry-red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment scarlet, preferably, the organic pigment scarlet "2", for example, in the form of a homogeneous powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment red, preferably brand "Versal Scarlet R" in the form of a powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; or pigment red-brown, preferably, brand Bayferrox 130BM in powder form red-brown color with a moisture content of 0.5%; titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; and/or pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; or pigment yellow preferably brand "Versal Vellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%.

10. The paint composition alkyd-urethane enamel according to claim 1, characterized in that the pigment component it contains in its composition, at least one necessary for the formation of enamel color, for example, enamel colors h the situations tones pigment additive, selected from the group of pigments, representing respectively the black and blue pigments, and pigments all these colors, preferably selected from such as technical or carbon soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment particle, preferably, brand SB-4 in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Blue A4R" and modification of 15:1 in the form of powder blue with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, by "Pathogen blue 5380 E" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, brand "B-2G-L" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%.

11. Method for the production of alkyd-urethane enamel of different colors, characterized in that it includes technological stages:
possible preliminary preparation of a separate liquid and granular components, the dosage in accordance with the recipe and consumption norms to produce the amount of enamel, the manufacture of semi-finished, two-stage dispersion, placement on the type, stage control, and preparation of semi-finished enamel involves booting to see the relative capacity at the first stage liquid components, such as alkyd paint, organic solvent, dispersant and at least one target, namely, rheological additive, the mixing with formation of an intermediate liquid composition; in the second phase under stirring specified composizione reduced speed of 300-500 rpm loads of loose components, namely, the pigment component necessary for the formation of enamel color, and fillers required for formation of a color range of enamels, followed by re-mixing at high speed to 1000 rpm, and produce a preliminary dispersion of the first stage to obtain a homogeneous suspension, control and, if necessary, adjust the viscosity, after which the semi-finished product is subjected to further dispersion to the desired milling degree, then dispergirovannoyj suspension is injected alkyd-urethane varnish, download desiccant, at least Antikythera Supplement, mix the suspension, control and, if necessary, adjust the viscosity and color of the enamel by introducing, respectively, of an organic solvent and tinting pastes, perform stirring for 30-40 minutes and after inspection of the finished enamel enter target protivopolojnuu additive, perform final mixing, viscosity control and p is redout ready enamel on packing.

12. Method for the production of alkyd-urethane enamel of different colors according to claim 11, characterized in that as alkyd varnish applied pentaftalevyh lacquer, for example, varnish PF-060, with one tonne of manufactured enamel in a mixing capacity load taking into account technological losses of up to 620 kg alkyd varnish.

13. Method for the production of alkyd-urethane enamel of different colors according to claim 11, characterized in that as the organic solvent, it is preferable to use a solvent, introducing his per tonne of manufactured enamel in the amount of 15-45 kg; as dispersant used dispersant, preferably, brand "FA-601" in the amount of 10-50 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel; and as a rheological additive in the first stage, the production of ingredients in the mixing container load viscogel, preferably brand "Viscogel ED" in the amount of 5-10 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel.

14. Method for the production of alkyd-urethane enamel of different colors according to claim 11, characterized in that the second step in the manufacture of semi-finished product in the boot process in the mixing capacity of bulk components as color pigment component of the additive is injected, at least one color pigment additive required for the formation of the respective color enamel, preferably selected from such as the TLD is CIS titanium, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; technical carbon, or soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%;
the particulate pigment, preferably, brand SB-4 in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red zheleznodorolny, preferably, brand Bayferrox HOC in powder form red-brown color with moisture content not more than 0.5%;
pigment red, preferably, the organic pigment red "5S" in the form of a powder cherry-red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment scarlet, preferably, the organic pigment scarlet "2" in the form of a homogeneous powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Blue A4R" and modification of 15:1 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Pathogen blue 5380 E" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; the green pigment, preferably brand "Hostaperm Green GNX" in the form of a powder dark green with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, brand "B-2G-L" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a content in the AGI is not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red-brown, preferably, brand Bayferrox 130BM" in the form of a powder reddish-brown color with a moisture content of 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; the organic pigment violet 23, preferably of the brand "Pathogen super purple RVS" in the form of a powder purple color with moisture content not exceeding 1%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Vellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%;
pigment red, preferably brand "Versal Scarlet R" in the form of a powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment orange, preferably, brand Versal orange HLD" in the form of a powder orange color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; or their various combinations.

15. Method for the production of alkyd-urethane enamel of different colors according to claim 11, characterized in that after the second phase dispersion in the transition process non - production of the "type" produce additional loading in the slurry, alkyd-urethane varnish, preferably brand "Uralkyd" in the amount of 220-280 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel, in the same redistribution in suspension imposed shall ichatav in the amount of 20-60 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel and antirational Supplement, preferably, in the form of (0,9-1,1)%-aqueous solution of polymethylsiloxane in xylene, preferably brand PMS-200A" in the amount of 8-10 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel.

16. Method for the production of alkyd-urethane enamel of different colors according to claim 11, characterized in that at the completion stage of technological conversion - production of the "type" loads protivolakoznoe additives, preferably, methylethylketoxime not less than 1.5 kg per tonne of manufactured enamel.

17. Method for the production of alkyd-urethane enamel of different colors according to claim 11, characterized in that the packing is made of enamel in containers with a capacity of 50 l (46 kg), mainly by the pump, or in the capacity of 20 liters (19 kg) pump and/or filling.

18. Industrial complex for production of alkyd-urethane enamels in the form of suspensions containing color-forming pigments in a mixture of organic varnishes, solvent, lapping pastes and special additives, characterized in that it consists of forming, equipped with technological pipelines, hydraulic system technologically interconnected operations generate the above-mentioned suspensions posts, including the post storage source of dry and liquid components, post dosing and weighing of these components, the fast mixing of the components, the position of dispergirovany is, post productions enamel on "type" and post packing the finished enamel, this post storage source components, at least, contains a system of storage tanks for liquid components of the lacquer bases and organic solvents include each at least one pipeline with pump, hydraulically connecting each specified capacity, at least with the subsequent post and in conjunction with other pipelines within the hydraulic system of an industrial complex, with at least one of these vessels are equipped to receive, store and process distribution alkyd varnish, and at least one tank similarly equipped shared with alkyd in a single technological process of production of enamel alkyd-urethane varnish, and post dispersion directly hydraulically connected with the possibility of submitting to him alkyd-urethane varnish with varnish containing the specified capacity of the fast storage of the original components or equipped with a device for receiving and introducing the suspension of the enamel on the specified post alkyd-urethane varnish from an external source, including the rolling container or tank.

19. Manufacturing complex p, characterized in that the at least one receptacle for the storage of liquid components post the retention of the original components equipped for receiving, storage and process distribution is used, preferably, as the organic solvent of the solvent, xylene and white spirit.

20. Manufacturing complex p, characterized in that it includes post lapping pastes and special additives, and post dosing and weighing of these components includes technologically related post mixing components scales for weighing and batching of dry ingredients and the weight measuring device, hydraulically connected to the inlet system of storage tanks for liquid components, and the output is supplied through the pump tubing with the fast mixing of the components.

21. Manufacturing complex p, wherein post-mixing the components includes at least one mixing tank supplied to him in accordance with the norms of consumption and formulation produced enamel liquid, the dry components and, if necessary, lapping pastes, this post mixing includes at least one device for mixing the components.

22. Manufacturing complex item 21, characterized in that capacity for mixing use the bowl with at least a partially open top, and as a device for mixing the components using the dissolver with a paddle stirrer.

23. About svojstvenny complex p, characterized in that post dispersion contains at least one apparatus for milling of semi-finished enamel, such as vertical and/or horizontal bead mill, hydraulically connected to the inlet pipe,equipped with at least one pressure pump, with a capacity for mixing, while the post dispersion optionally includes at least one intermediate collection for dispersed semi-finished product made of enamel and outlet hydraulically connected with the post production of enamel on the type.

24. Manufacturing complex p, characterized in that post productions enamel on the type contains at least one mixer ready enamel and, in turn, on the input is also hydraulically connected by a pipe equipped with a pump with the above-mentioned intermediate collector dispersed semi-finished product made of enamel, and the output is similarly associated with fasting packing the finished enamel in the container.

25. Manufacturing complex p, characterized in that post storage source component contains nourishing specified hydraulic system industrial complex store dry ingredients and, if necessary, intermediate products, including lapping pastes, when this store dry ingredients equipped to receive, the wounded and technological distributed as dry components, at least one color pigment additives required for the formation of the respective color enamel, preferably selected from such as titanium dioxide, preferably, rutelinae type brands "P-02" or "Dupont"or "Kemira" in the form of a white powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; technical carbon, or soot, preferably brand "P-805 S" in the form of black powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment particle, preferably, brand SB-4 in the form of a powder black color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red zheleznodorolny, preferably, brand Bayferrox HOC in powder form red-brown color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red, preferably, the organic pigment red "5S" in the form of a powder cherry-red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%; pigment scarlet, preferably, the organic pigment scarlet "2" in the form of a homogeneous powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.3%;
pigment phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Hostaperm Blue A4R" and modification of 15:1 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably brand "Pathogen blue 5380 E" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; the green pigment, preferably brand "Hostaperm Green GNX" in the form of a powder dark see the Yong color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment blue phtalocyanines, preferably, brand "B-2G-L" and modifications 15:3 in the form of powder blue with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; yellow iron oxide pigment, preferably, brand Bayferrox 3920" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment red-brown, preferably, brand Bayferrox 130BM" in the form of a powder reddish-brown color with a moisture content of 0.5%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Hansa Brilliant Gelb 2GX70" in the form of a yellow powder with a content of moisture not more than 0.5%; the organic pigment violet 23, preferably of the brand "Pathogen super purple RVS" in the form of a powder purple color with moisture content not exceeding 1%; pigment yellow, preferably, brand Versal Vellow 2 GXD" in the form of a yellow powder with a moisture content not more than 0.5%;
pigment red, preferably brand "Versal Scarlet R" in the form of a powder red color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; pigment orange, preferably, brand Versal orange HLD" in the form of a powder orange color with moisture content not more than 0.5%; or their various combinations.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to paint-and-varnish industry, in particular to method for production of alkyd-urethane enamels of various colours, and may be used to produce protective-decorating enamel coatings applied onto various substrates. Method for production of alkyd-urethane enamel is described. This method implies preparation of individual precursor components, their dosing, preparation of intermediate enamel product by combining alkyd pentaphthalic lacquer with dispersing medium, organic solvent and rheological agent, the mixture being stirred at 300-500 rpm, followed by introduction of free-flowing pigments into the mixture, together with filler, when required. Pigments and filler are pre-dispersed under stirring at a speed up to 1000 rpm until homogenous suspension is obtained. Then intermediate product is further dispersed until required degree of grinding is obtained, alkyd-urethane lacquer is added under stirring and, when required, anti-crater additive and paint dryer are added. Then, pigment tinting paste is added, the mixture is stirred to obtain homogenous suspension, and antiskinning agent is added.

EFFECT: production of alkyd-urethane enamels of various colours, with high physical and chemical properties.

10 cl, 5 tbl

FIELD: varnish-and-paint industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to paints based on polystyrene film-formers, which are used to protect metallic, concrete, ceramic, wood, and asbestos-cement surfaces against atmospheric corrosion in various industrial fields. Process comprises dissolution of polystyrene in solvent followed by stirring it with fillers and pigments while simultaneously affecting it by ultrasonic oscillations with frequency 150-250 kHz.

EFFECT: reduced polystyrene dissolution time, improved spreading capacity, increased (thrice) strength of film, and enhanced (twice) waterproofness.

1 tbl

FIELD: dyes, building materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sets of dye semifinished products used in preparing dyes of different designation. Invention describes the dye semifinished product with properties of fluidity and covering power that can be used in preparing a single-package latex dye stained with pigment wherein the volume content of dry matter is from about 30% to about 70% with the Schtormer viscosity value from about 50 to about 250 EK and comprising the following components: (I) at least one pigment conferring the covering power property; (II) at least one dispersing agent; (III) at least one thickening agent, and (IV) water wherein at least one dispersing agent and at least one thickening agent are compatible with at least one pigment and other dye components. Also, invention describes sets for dyes and dye lines comprising a latex polymeric binding agent. Some dyes for internal and external coating of different objects are prepared by using sets of dye semifinished products. Invention provides preparing the broad assortment of dyes of different quality for external and internal workings and with different levels of polishes and bases for carrying out the coloring from dye semifinished products and by using the minimal amount and types of the dye components. Proposed dye semifinished products can be used for architecture, industrial, polygraphic, elastomeric and non-cement coatings.

EFFECT: improved preparing method, valuable properties of dyes.

51 cl, 3 tbl, 63 ex

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The invention relates to the production of liquid paint compositions with polymeric filler
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The invention relates to the field of printing industry and is intended to receive paint, mainly metallographic used for printing on paper
The invention relates to the production of water-powdery polymer inks that can be used for painting different surfaces: brick, concrete, plastered, wooden

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to composition of pigment containing a pigment consisted of product of modified carbon, which contains carbon product having at least one bound organic group where it contains at least one ion group, one ionisable group or its mixture; and composition of dispersing agent containing anionic surface active agent, which does not solve in water at the ambient temperature with concentration more than 2% and remains solved in these conditions for more than a day; and polymer containing at least one salt of carbonic acid. The composition of dispersing agent contains anionic surface active agent and polymer containing at least one salt group of carbonic acid.

EFFECT: provision of high colour characteristics.

12 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: urea resin coating composition contains hollow glass and-or aluminosilicate microspheres of diametre 100-300 mcm, functional additives chosen from the group including ammonium polyphosphate, wollastonite, microcalcite in ratio of glass to aluminosilicate microspheres 1:1. Work surface coating process involves separated preparation of two reagents, one representing compound diamine reaction component A mixed with powder filling mix, containing wt %: hollow microspheres 80-85 and functional additives 15-20, and another reaction component B representing diisocyanate. It is followed with separate, but simultaneous uniform dispersion of compound component A and component B on a coated surface. Once reaching thereof, both components instantly form polymeric binding agent - urea resin with components of powder filling mix being uniformly distributed. Diamine and diisocyanate are taken in equimolar ration required to produce urea resin.

EFFECT: higher coating performance, cost reduction, simplified coating process.

3 cl, 1 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns high-concentration storage-stable water dispersions of active light stabilisation substance or light stabilising and antioxidising agents mix with active substance content over 40 wt % and viscosity of 0.01-2 Pa·s, containing at least one non-ion penetration agent as disperser and polyglycol as dissolution facilitator, as well as 0.2-5 wt % of oleic acid as fluidity enhancer. Additionally the dispersions can include biocide. Also invention concerns method of storage stabilisation enhancement of water dispersions of active light stabilisation substance or light stabilising and antioxidising agents mix, involving mixing of disperser and/or other additives with oleic acid at the frist stage and adding light stabilisation substance or light stabilising and antioxidising agents mix in powder, compressed or granulated form at the second stage, with further dispersion in the presence of oleic acid, disperser and polyglycol and optional additives. In addition invention concerns application of claimed high-concentration water dispersions in obtaining varnish mass.

EFFECT: enhanced storage stability of water dispersions of light stabilisation substance or light stabilising and antioxidising agents mix.

11 cl, 28 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to paint-and-varnish industry, in particular to method for production of alkyd-urethane enamels of various colours, and may be used to produce protective-decorating enamel coatings applied onto various substrates. Method for production of alkyd-urethane enamel is described. This method implies preparation of individual precursor components, their dosing, preparation of intermediate enamel product by combining alkyd pentaphthalic lacquer with dispersing medium, organic solvent and rheological agent, the mixture being stirred at 300-500 rpm, followed by introduction of free-flowing pigments into the mixture, together with filler, when required. Pigments and filler are pre-dispersed under stirring at a speed up to 1000 rpm until homogenous suspension is obtained. Then intermediate product is further dispersed until required degree of grinding is obtained, alkyd-urethane lacquer is added under stirring and, when required, anti-crater additive and paint dryer are added. Then, pigment tinting paste is added, the mixture is stirred to obtain homogenous suspension, and antiskinning agent is added.

EFFECT: production of alkyd-urethane enamels of various colours, with high physical and chemical properties.

10 cl, 5 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: new cyclic carboxylic acid is obtained in reaction which includes performing connection [J] of, at least one terpen-based diene connection (conjugate diene connection), chosen from group consisting of alloocymen, ocymen, mircen, α-terpinen and α-phellandren, and [K], at least one unsaturated carboxylic acid, chosen from α,β-unsaturated carboxylic acids and monoethers of α, β-unsaturated dicarboxylic acids. Connecting agent (A) for antifouling paint is also revealed. It containes one or more substances chosen from new cyclic carboxylic acid, derivative from cyclic carboxylic acid (excluding metal salt), metal salts of cyclic carboxylic acid and metal salts of the derivative of cyclic carboxylic acid, as well as composition of antifouling paint, which contains connecting agent (A) and copolymer (B) for antifouling paint of self-cleaning type, which is a polymerising copolymer based on basic metal salt of unsaturated carboxylic acid or polymerising unsaturated copolymer based on silyl ether of unsaturated carboxylic acid. From composition of antifouling paint covering film can be formed, which has only slight influence on environment, it is evenly subjected to erosion with definite rate, is able to retain excellent properties against fouling for a long period of time and can be applied to the surfaces of ships and other objects, which are used in marine territories with high risk of fouling.

EFFECT: obtaining film of antifouling paint, which has only slight influence on environment, is evenly subjected to erosion with definite rate, is able to retain excellent properties against fouling for a long period of time.

26 cl, 12 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: varnish-and-paint industry.

SUBSTANCE: claimed biological varnish-and-paint represents filler suspension in varnish. As dyeing pigment powdered plant-original milled shell of cedar nut, or walnut, or coconut, or cobnut, or pistachio nut, or fiber nut, or milled stone of cherry, or plum, or apricot or peach.

EFFECT: varnish-and-paint with improved protective and ornamental characteristics.

1 cl, 3 ex

FIELD: varnish-and-paint industry.

SUBSTANCE: lacquer coatings with water-, oil-, and fuel-repellent properties is prepared by applying onto substrate paintwork material containing organofluoric modifier followed by curing thereof. Organofluoric modifier is selected from esters and amides of perfluoropolyether acids with molecular mass 1200-1400 and used in amounts 0.2 to 0.5% of the mass of paintwork material.

EFFECT: increased oil- and fuel-repellent properties of moisture-resistant lacquer coatings.

1 tbl, 10 ex

FIELD: highway engineering; highways structures and markings.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of highway engineering, mainly, to highways structures and markings, in particular, to photoluminescent material for the highways marking and to the highway structure. The invention presents the new photoluminescent material used for marking the highways traffic lanes. The photoluminescent material for the traffic lanes marking is made in the form of the paste containing: from 7 up to 95 mass % of the transparent polymeric component selected from the group consisting of the methacrylic acrylic component, the component of the type of non-saturated polyester, the epoxy component and the component of the silicone type, the photoluminescent colorant component with the average diameter of particles from 10 up to 2000 microns selected from the group composed of the material of the type of strontium aluminate and the material of the zinc sulfide type, and including at least one additional colorant component with the average diameter of the particles from 0.1 up to 40 microns selected from the group consisting of the white colorant, the yellow colorant and the orange or red colorant. At that the ratio of the mass of the photoluminescent colorant component and the mass of the additional colorant components makes of no more than 3.0. The invention also describes the highway structure containing the indicated photoluminescent material. The offered photoluminescent material for the traffic lanes marking possesses the required wear-resistance and resistance to the atmospheric effects, and also obtains the effective photoluminescence and may be used not only for the white lines, but also for the lines of various colors, and the covered with it lines are not slidable.

EFFECT: the invention ensures, that offered photoluminescent material for the traffic lanes marking is wear-resistant, resistant to the atmospheric effects, has the effective photoluminescence, may be used for making the white lines and the various colors lines and such lines are not slidable.

16 cl, 9 tbl, 13 ex

FIELD: polymer production.

SUBSTANCE: production of urea-formaldehyde filler, useful as synthetic white filler in manufacture of polymers, paper, and varnish-and-paint materials, is accomplished by interaction of urea with urea-formaldehyde concentrate modified in synthesis stage with 1 to 20% of uranium derivatives and containing 54.5-59.5% formaldehyde, 21.0-24.5% urea, the rest water. Synthesis is carried out in aqueous medium in presence of phosphoric acid at elevated temperature, after which reaction mixture is neutralized with chalk/aminoalcohol/aqueous ammonia mixture [(1-4):(1-4):(1-5)]. Aminoalcohol is a product composed of 30-70% monoethanolamine, 10-50% mixture of 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)imidazol-2-ine and 1-(2-hydroxyethyl)ethylenediamine, and water (no more than 20%).

EFFECT: enhanced process efficiency and lowered oil absorption.

1 tbl, 2 ex

Lacquer coating // 2246515

FIELD: lacquer coatings, in particular metallic-type coatings.

SUBSTANCE: claimed coating is made from composition containing adhesive base and colorant. As colorant mica powder, being the waste of mica industry, coated by oxidation with iron oxide layer is used.

EFFECT: paint of improved strength and optimum optical characteristics.

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to mixed solid rocket fuel (MSRF). The method of making solid rocket fuel charge which is tightly bonded to the rocket casing involves preparation of a bonding composition, vulcanising additive, depositing the bonding composition on the inner surface of the rocket casing with thermal-protective coating, depositing vulcanising additive onto the bonding composition, preparation of fuel based on oil-extended polybutadiene rubber SKDM-80TM, filling the rocket casing with said fuel and hardening. The bonding composition is prepared using polyester urethane rubber with terminal epoxy urethane groups PPG-3A as binder. The vulcanising additive is prepared from quinol ether QE-1 and ethylacetate.

EFFECT: invention provides for strong bonding of fuel with the rocket casing.

4 tbl, 1 ex

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