Suburban greenhouse

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: greenhouse has a framework manufactured from profile metal elements connected with one another with screw anchoring elements. The greenhouse has posts, horizontal longitudinal beams attached to the posts, oblique and horizontal flooring joists connected with one another as well as with the posts as transverse triangular bents secured on the posts. The upper part of the bents carries roofing panels with transparent films. The greenhouse is equipped with roofing film coating with adjustable area. The coating is made as rolls carrying transparent film. The rolls are mounted with an ability to roll and unroll the film on the ceiling of the greenhose by means of a mechanism equipped with flexible tractional straps. The staps are connected with the elements of the roll structure, reeved through the block mounted inside and outside of the greenhouse and carry counterbalances on the free ends of the handle. The rolls are made as a cylindrical body coupled with pivot bolts on the ends and mounted with a capacity to rotate relative to the pivot bolts with a controlled value of slowdown, to set up tension of the film while unrolling the roll. The film is made with flexible bands attached to it with a sticker to prevent sliding of the roll along the ceiling while reeling the film.

EFFECT: reduced materials consumption of the structure at the same time preserving its reliability, as well as natural ventilation of the greenhouse is ensured and as well as use of rainfall without any hand work of the gardener when watering plants.

3 cl, 9 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of agricultural cultivation of plants in greenhouses and can be used in the construction of greenhouses and garden greenhouses intended for the cultivation of various crops in the conditions of artificial microclimate under the translucent film covering.

Known greenhouse, containing racks, inclined horizontal interconnected girders, supports, horizontal axis and rotary air transom, while the upper part of the inclined beams are installed with a gap between them (see the description of the invention to ed. The certificate of the USSR No. 1183024, IPC A01G/14, publ. 07.10.1985). The disadvantages of the known greenhouse is the following.

In the greenhouse you can't use precipitation (rain) directly, and watering plants from the pipe when the water pump or from a watering increases the total consumption of materials and labor for the maintenance of greenhouses.

Increased width and, consequently, the height of the greenhouse creates great difficulties for opening and closing the top vent transoms.

Increased size and, consequently, the "windage" reduce the reliability to withstand the possible squally wind during the storm, and therefore there is a need to "strengthen" metal, that is material to the I large enough, and without regard to wind load.

The applicant famous summer greenhouse, containing a frame made of profiled metal elements connected by a screw fasteners, which includes a rack, a horizontal longitudinal girders connected to the counters associated with each other and with racks inclined and horizontal beams overlap in the form of a truss, triangular truss, the upper part of which carries the roof panels with translucent film, swivel transom attached to them panels with translucent film and the axes of rotation of the transoms, fixed on the inclined beams (see application RU # 2006126443/12 (028705), at which it was decided to grant a patent).

Summer greenhouse on the above application, in addition to advantages, has its drawbacks.

A significant drawback is the high consumption of the greenhouse, as inclined beams that are located between the corner posts and bearing the load of the large size and weight transoms, made according to the need of two interconnected parts. And in order to provide sufficient strength transoms, their production requires a large number of shaped metal elements (profile angle).

In the greenhouse, the application is not taken into account that for effective ventilation required ventilation openings, whic is its in the lower part of the walls of the greenhouse.

The task of the invention is to reduce material consumption, while maintaining sufficient reliability, and enabling natural ventilation of the greenhouse and use of rainfall without the use of manual labor gardener in watering plants.

The invention consists in the following.

Greenhouse cottage, containing frame made of profiled metal elements connected by a screw fasteners, which includes racks connected with racks horizontal longitudinal girders connected with racks inclined and horizontal beams overlap in the form of a truss, triangular truss, the upper part of which carries a roofing panel with translucent film, panel fencing with translucent film coating, mounted in the end walls of the greenhouse and containing doorways.

Unlike these counterparts greenhouse is equipped with an adjustable area coating of translucent film in rolls, mounted with the possibility of unwinding and reeling film rolls along the surface of the slab with mesh type openings, which mechanism is made with a flexible traction cords. The lines connected to the structural elements of the rolls, zapasovany through blocks, smontirovan the e inside and outside the greenhouse, and are secured to the free end of the arm - balances. This greenhouse is made with fixed on the upper part of the inclined beams superstructure span overlap the side edges of which rise above the roof adjustable floor with the formation of niches to hold the rolls in their extreme position. The rolls are made with a cylindrical body coupled to the axles and mounted for rotation relative to the pins with adjustable deceleration, to create a film tension during unwinding of the roll. Wound on a roll of film made with attached to it a flexible tape to prevent slipping of the roll to overlap with the winding of the film.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where

figure 1 shows the greenhouse, end view;

figure 2 is a view As in figure 1 (without the image of the distinctive features);

figure 3 - cross-section B-B in figure 2;

figure 4 - section b-b In figure 2;

figure 5 is a view of A1figure 4;

figure 6 - section G-g of figure 3;

7 - section d-D figure 6;

on Fig - section B1-B1figure 2;

figure 9 shows the articulation of the axle with the body roll in the incision;

figure 10 - section G1-G1figure 2.

The proposed greenhouse contains the corner posts 1 and located between the rack 2, mounted on sunken in gr the NT supports 3. Hours interconnected 4 runs, one of which is located at the middle height of the rack, and the other in its lower part. On the upper parts of the uprights installed nodes 5 in the form of a truss, triangular truss, which contain slanted 6 and the horizontal girders 7. Over the ridge part of the inclined beams with pinned on them racks 8 fixed section 9 add-ins that are made in the form of an arched ceiling, consisting of 10 and arcuate horizontal plates 11 connected with the formation of cells. In the manufacture of the plates 10 and 11 of the metal profile strip its outer surface in contact with the fixed thereto translucent film 12, is covered with thermal insulation made of textile material, the gasket 13. The side edges of the arched ceilings are (rise) above the surface fixed to the inclined bars of the frames 14 with the formation of the required niche size 15. The frame is made of interconnected Board shalt lumber with the formation of cells.

Between racks fixed to the upper 16 and lower frame 17, with vertical and horizontal interconnected elements made of wood lumber. For regions with a predominance of low spring temperatures, the inner surface of the frames are made with a fixed light on it is they have water resistant film 18. The top cell of the frame 17 is made without an inner film 18, to use cells of the second tier as ventilation openings. The outer surface of the frames 16 and 17 are made attached to the upper part of the frame 16 translucent film 19, to the lower edge of which is fixed is made of lumber pin - package 20. At the ends of the greenhouse to corner posts secured to the upper and lower beams 21, between which is fixed rack 22 with the formation in the middle of a doorway for the door of the greenhouse (not shown). On both sides of the opening panels 23 with a translucent film. Above the upper run, slanted and horizontal crossbars, as well as to the front part of the superstructure 9, fixed panels 24 pediment with translucent film covering.

The greenhouse is equipped with disposable on the frames 14 can be regulated area of the roof translucent film covering 25 made in the form of rolls 26 with a cylindrical housing 27, articulated with the pins 28 for rotation relative to the pivots and bearing film. The free edge of the roof foils mounted on the frame junction 14 and 16, i.e. at the junction of the floor and side wall of the greenhouse. For reeling and reeling film in roll mechanism 29, executed with a fixed stubs grippers 30, on which is fixed a flexible light lines 31 and 32. Article is ony 31 zapasovany through two pairs of blocks 33, housing 34 and 35 which respectively fixed on the inclined beams and girders 36 connecting the sloping transoms. Convergence between the lines 31, the free ends attached to the node 37 with grip and load - counterweight 38. Lines 32 zapasovany a couple of blocks 33, which are mounted on the housings 39, secured at the junction of the frames 16. The consolidation effected by means of screw fasteners connected to the plate 40 rigidly connected to the node 5 at the ends of the inclined and horizontal crossbars. The free ends of the straps 32 secured to the elongated arm 41, while performing the function of the load of the counterweight.

On the lateral edges of the roof foils glued thin flexible ribbon 42, forming, when winding the film into a roll, an annular thickening. When interacting thickening the edges of the frame 14 increases the grip of the roll frame and prevents its slipping when winding the film.

The articulation pins with the body roll (Fig.9) implemented using fixed in the housing of the bearing bushings 43 and split ring 44, mounted in the housing and communicating with the annular groove of the axle. To create the necessary tension roofing films articulation of the elements of the roll is provided by rotation of the housing relative to the pins with adjustable braking. This joint is made with the disk 45, set the output on the axle without the possibility of rotation and cooperating with the end of the body roll. Adjustable clamp disk is performed by a nut 45, articulated with a screw threaded stud, consistently interacting with the grip 30, the disk 47, the elastic rubber pad 48 and the disk 45.

To protect plants against the possible loss of hail on the inner side of the frame 14 is fixed to the grid 49, made of durable synthetic fibres and slightly delaying the sunlight.

The work of maintenance greenhouse gardener is to maintain a favorable temperature for plants-wet mode.

With prolonged cold snap closed doors and covering the entire surface of the roof coating reliably isolate the location of the greenhouse from the outside environment and not allow it significant temperature reduction. Hot sun, in order to prevent overheating, the greenhouse is ventilated by winding film in rolls, acting on the elongated handle 41, and the opening of the lower ventilation openings, which is done by setting the bottom edge of the film 19 (terminal 20) in the upper position on the bracket - lugs (not shown). In the evenings, when the expected nighttime low temperature, lower ventilation openings closed, and the unwind rolls acting on the arm 37 and moving them in a niche under the overlapping sections 9 add-ins. While the consolidation of contiguous interconnected straps 31 on the handle which allows simultaneous movement of both trunnions of the roll with the possible unequal tension straps.

Thus, the present invention provides a substantial reduction in cost of production of the greenhouse, since reduced its consumption, while maintaining reliability and reducing labor costs for maintenance.

1. Greenhouse cottage, containing frame made of profiled metal elements connected by a screw fasteners, which includes a rack, a horizontal longitudinal girders connected to the counters associated with each other and with racks inclined and horizontal beams overlap in the form attached to the racks truss triangular truss, the upper part of which carries a roofing panel with translucent film, characterized in that it is equipped with an adjustable square roofing coated, made in the form of bearing translucent film rolls, mounted for reeling and unreeling the tape on the ceiling of the greenhouse mechanism, made with a flexible traction slings, which are connected with the structural elements of the rolls, zapasovany through blocks mounted inside and outside the greenhouse, and are at the free ends of the arm - balances, and the rolls are made with a cylindrical body, jointed with trunnions at its ends, mounted for rotation relative to the DAC is controlled deceleration, to create a film tension during unwinding of the roll, and the film is made with fixed thereto by bonding of a flexible tape to prevent slipping of the roll to overlap with the winding of the film.

2. The greenhouse according to claim 1, characterized in that it is made with is attached to the upper part of the inclined beams superstructure span overlap the side edges of which rise above the adjustable roofing with the formation of niches to hold the rolls in their extreme position.

3. The greenhouse according to claim 1, characterized in that it is made with built in greenhouse two pairs of blocks, a direct parallel between a mounted on the trunnions of the roll slings to ensure synchronous movement of the two pins when working with the roll.



 

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