Package for packing of dry construction mixes, construction element and method of their application

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: inventions are related to the field of construction and may be used in enterprises making construction materials, and also in individual and industrial construction in erection of walls and foundations, and also in arrangement of dams, coffer dams, fortification structures, etc., especially in emergency conditions. Package for packing of dry construction mixes, comprising shell and insert. Shell is made as moisture-proof, and insert - as moisture-permeable, at the same time insert is made with the possibility to take shape of rectangular parallelepiped when filled, ribs of which are preliminarily marked, and one of insert facets has a marking modular grid. Also construction element is described, as well as method for application of construction materials.

EFFECT: improved efficiency of construction due to expansion of functional and technological resources of flexible construction elements.

4 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction and can be used at the enterprises producing construction materials, as well as private and industrial construction in the construction of walls and foundations, as well as in the construction of dams, bridges, fortifications, etc., especially in extraordinary circumstances.

As is known, the technology of masonry involves the use of building elements (products) in the form of ready-to-use bricks and stones stacked in a specific order and are fastened together with mortar. Bricks and stones have dimensions that correspond to a particular type of product: normal (single), enlarged or module.

Known containers for packing filler, primarily fly ash containing membrane in the form of woven gabion, of textile fibers [Japan's Bid No. 62-185913, CL 02D 3/02, 3/00, 27/34, 1987].

The disadvantage of this packaging is the moisture permeability of the membrane that does not allow it to be used as intended if used in conjunction with aggregates.

Known containers, made in the form of the container, primarily for dry mixtures containing shell of porous material [U.S. Patent No. 3922832, CL EV 1/04, 1/48, 2/06, 1975].

The disadvantage of this packaging is the same as in the previous case.

WPI is STN containers for packaging of the earth, made in the form of a bag made of polypropylene fabric [Dugout of the XXI century. - Science and life, 2006, No. 4, p.23].

This packaging is used as a prototype, has a drawback, which is that it cannot be used for packaging of dry mixes for vlagopronitsaemostyu shell.

Known flexible construction element made in the form of a package containing Packed in woven gabion, of textile fiber fly ash [Japan's Bid No. 62-185913, CL E02D 3/02, 3/00, 27/34, 1987].

This element due to vlagopronitsaemostyu shell cannot be stored prior to its use due to water absorption and solidification.

Known flexible construction element made in the form of a package containing Packed in packagings of a porous material dry building mix [U.S. Patent No. 3922832, CL EV 1/04, 1/48, 2/06, 1975].

The disadvantage of this element is the same as in the previous case.

Known flexible construction element made in the form of a package containing Packed in containers made of polypropylene earth [Dugouts of the XXI century.- Science and life, 2006, No. 4, p.23].

The lack of this element, taken as a prototype, is that he is in the process of laying in the construction of walls does not provide a clear outline of a number.

There is a method of using the flexible building elements, including laying them in a wicker gabions from castilnovo fiber, filled with ash dust, with predetermined intervals from each other, wetting of the filler with the coupling it with a placeholder neighboring blocks on the contact surface and solidification with the formation of a solid flexible Mat [Japan's Bid No. 62-185913, CL E02D 3/02, 3/00, 27/34, 1987].

Mat obtained by this method, different light weight and high strength and can be used in the construction of building foundations, but the moisture permeability of the element eliminates the possibility of long-term storage.

There is a method of constructing a monolithic wall of the building using placed in bags hardening modules, including the laying of flexible building elements made of porous containers placed them in a dry building mixture rows one upon the other, hydration containers through their walls, hardening of dry building mixtures, after which open the sides of the elements put layers of finishing material [U.S. Patent No. 3922832, CL EV 1/04, 1/48, 2/08, 1975].

In this way, the layer of finishing material under pressure penetrates into the pores of the container and glued together with placed inside the container with the mixture, forming together a single monolithic structure.

The disadvantage is that you cannot provide long storage containers before use.

There is a method of construction of the house is, providing use as a flexible building elements sacks filled with earth, in which the bag mouth is wrapped and sewn with metal straps, when stacking bags in rows on top of each row to bond the series lay two lines of barbed wire [Dugout of the XXI century. - Science and life, 2006, № 4. - p.23].

The house, constructed using the method, are inexpensive, flame-resistant, not afraid of rot and termites, have a high thermal inertia.

The disadvantage of this method, taken as a prototype, is the fact that the walls do not maintain shape and size that requires the use of formwork, and because of the low resistance to moisture filling bags have to be directly in front of their installation.

The task, which is directed to the claimed invention, is to improve construction efficiency, owing to the expansion of the functional and technological capabilities flexible building elements.

This task is solved in that in the container for the packaging of dry building mixtures containing shell and the liner, the shell is made of waterproof and moisture-permeable liner, the liner is made with a chance to take in the full view of the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped, the edges of which pre-of the right, and one of the faces of the liner is made with a marking modular grid.

Manufacturer of water resistant shell allows the use of containers for packaging of dry building mixtures (CAS) with a measured amount of cement that allows you to store packing quite a long time without hardening CCC.

The manufacture of moisture-permeable liner allows you to extend its functionality through the use of the liner as a formative element in the process of walling.

The implementation of the liner with the ability to take in a solid form the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped provides him geometrical parameters that are consistent with standardized dimensions rigid construction elements (bricks, blocks and the like)that allows you to share them in the construction process

Preliminary designation fins parallelepiped allows the construction process to quickly produce the laying of building elements among his own kind (as when laying, for example, bricks).

Perform one of the edges of the liner with marking modular grid provides precision masonry and eliminates the coincidence of fastening elements used in a vertical position.

This problem is solved in that the construction element, the implementation is mostly in the form of a package, containing tightly Packed in containers dry building mix, containers made in accordance with paragraph 1 and with dimensions that are multiples of the standard sizes of building elements, while the insert is made with a possibility of its use as a reinforcing element.

The implementation of the packaging in accordance with claim 1 provides the advantages set forth above.

Execution containers with dimensions that are multiples of the standard sizes of building elements, provides for processes of masonry walls using well-known techniques and in conjunction with other building elements, such as hard: bricks, blocks, etc.

The implementation of the liner with the possibility of its use as a reinforcing element is provided along with a reinforcing properties that enhance the durability of the item, and also properties that improves the adhesion of the layer of plaster with the element.

This problem is solved in that in the method of use of building elements, including laying them in rows in accordance with a given program forming the walls, fixing the underlying and overlying rows with each other, the hydration of these elements and their hardening, as building elements using elements, which are made in accordance with item 2, fixing the underlying and overlying series between a manufacturer who W ill result from the use of metal pins in the form of perforated tubes, which is injected vertically at a predetermined interval by driving through the elements.

Before laying the overlying series surface of the lower row can be processed.

Use in the construction of walls of building elements, which are made in accordance with paragraph 2, provides the advantages described above.

Fixing the underlying and overlying rows of interconnected using metal pins provides increased vertical stability of the walls, and use as Nagel perforated tubes allows through these tubes hydration of dry building mixtures in the Tara building element.

The introduction of pins vertically at specified intervals allows to obtain a uniform distribution in the range, blockage of pins through the elements simplifies the process of fixing the series.

The sizing before placing an overlying number increases the strength of the walls and facilitates their formation.

Figure 1 shows a container for the packaging of dry building mixes, side view.

figure 2 is a top view (plan).

figure 3 - the same, with a perforated liner.

figure 4 - the same, with mesh liner.

figure 5 - construction element, a side view with a partially removed side part of the shell.

figure 6 is a top view partially removed and the side parts of the shell.

figure 7 is a fragment of a wall constructed using building elements.

on Fig - fragment of the wall 7, a view in the plan.

Containers for packaging CCC contains the shell 1 (Fig 1 and 2)made of waterproof material such as polyethylene, vlagopronitsaemym liner 2, made, for example, perforated (figure 3) or mesh (figure 4) of the polymer or woven materials, while the liner in its manufacture denote ribs 3, which form a path in the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped.

On the liner 2 on one of its faces marked marking grid 4, representing the number of transverse and longitudinal lines parallel to each other and forming at their intersection squares intended for application in them marks - pointers for 5 points of introduction of the fastening elements when using containers filled with CCC in the construction process.

The size of the rectangular grid squares 4, their number and location are set based on the size of packaging options for its technological use (during the construction of foundations, bearing walls or other), as well as installation techniques.

Containers for packaging of dry building mixtures are used as follows.

In the shell 1 of the container with the included liner 2 download dry building mix, including the CEM is t, then the container is hermetically sealed. Tara placed in her dry construction mixture may be subjected to packaging, storage and transportation, as well as all other types of containers.

When used as a construction element in the container with CCC after laying in a series of similar forms two side surfaces facing the inner and outer side walls, and one of the upper surface, and in the process of laying this surface should be marking modular grid.

During the construction of foundations and walls of the shell removed, and when laying the waterproofing layer shell leave.

Construction element made in the form of a package containing tightly Packed dry building mix in a container (figure 5 and 6)containing the shell 1 is made of waterproof material such as polyethylene, liner 2 of perforated material or mesh, and the insert is made with pre-marked ribs 3 which is placed at the contact surfaces of a rectangular parallelepiped, in the form of the liner.

Tara has dimensions that are multiples of the standard sizes of building elements.

The construction element is used as follows.

Before construction of the facility in accordance with the plan of laying building elements calculate, according to the which determine the number of full, half and quarter of the items that you want to use, for example, in one row.

Depending on the purpose of the construction element of the shell or removed during installation, such as walls or leave. In the latter case the shell with the liner used in the formation of the waterproofing layer. All of the surface of the shell or leave whole, or after the installation of a construction element in a series of similar shell 1 tear on one side and part of the shell in the form of a tape 6 tear off the sides of the opening on the front surface of the walls formed of the construction elements.

Bare surfaces thus represent a part of the surface of the liners 2, which, depending on the program design of the walls can remain in the same form or can be plastered.

The method of use of building elements as follows.

To lower the number 7 (7), composed of building elements, stack overlying the number 8 of the same elements. After aligning the number and check the horizontality of their placement in the upper row with specified intervals hammer pins 9, which are of such a length that it was enough to puncture the lower row 7. After fixing ranks among themselves produce hydration of dry construction mixes by p the villas of water in the inner space of the pins through the holes in them. Before laying the overlying series surface of the lower row can be dampened by means of a spray or coated with an adhesive solution.

In the process, the following options of use of building elements:

elements in the rows are left in the shell, if the shell material used for the formation of waterproofing;

- produce picking on the vertical and top horizontal planes of the parts of the shell. In this case, the lower part of the shell forms a horizontal waterproof layer.

- placed in a row only refills with her dry construction mixture. Shell construction element before laying the liner removed, and spillage, which remained in the shell, shake on the upper surface of the stacked liner. After driving pins and hydration is poured walls due to the mutual penetration of each other fillers and binders of elements in mutual contact.

- draw textured side surfaces of the elements facing the front surface of the wall, by pushing stamps in them for prints.

1. Containers for packaging of dry building mixtures containing a shell and a liner, wherein the shell is made of waterproof, and the liner is moisture-permeable, with ladys performed with the opportunity to take in a solid form the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped, edge of which is marked and one of the faces of the liner is made with a marking modular grid.

2. Construction element made in the form of a package containing tightly Packed in containers dry building mixture, characterized in that the packaging is made in accordance with paragraph 1 and with dimensions that are multiples of the standard sizes of building elements, while the insert is made with a possibility of its use as a reinforcing element.

3. The method of use of building elements, including laying them in rows in accordance with a given program forming the walls, fixing the underlying and overlying rows with each other, the hydration of these elements and their hardening, characterized in that in the capacity of building elements using elements, which are made in accordance with item 2, fixing the underlying and overlying rows with each other manufactured using metal pins in the form of perforated tubes, which are injected vertically at a predetermined interval by driving through the elements.

4. The method according to claim 3, characterized in that before laying the overlying series surface of the lower row glue.



 

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