Unit of filtration (versions), underground structure formed with units of filtration, and method for manufacturing of undetachable unit of filtration

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of sanitary engineering. Unit of filtration made of plastic, comprises body in the form of substantially rectangular parallelepiped having pairs of opposite first, second and third external surfaces, passing through unit of filtration at least one inspection channel with holes arranged at opposite third external surfaces of filtration unit. At the same time area of each hole in inspection channel makes at least 10% of third external surface area, in which it is provided. Method for manufacturing of undetachable element of filtration unit, in which form is used, comprising one or more rods, which create at least one section of inspection channel of filtration unit element, multiple rods, creating mentioned channels, passing parallel to channels, passing between each first external surface and one or several inspection channels of filtration unit element, and between each second external surface and one or several inspection channels of filtration unit element.

EFFECT: invention provides for device simplicity and reliability.

22 cl, 11 dwg

 

The present invention relates to the filtration unit is made of plastic, intended for consolidating multiple filter blocks in underground construction for filtering or attenuation of water flow. This design is usually placed under the ground to collect excessive amounts of water (rain) and its accumulation to further filter into the surrounding soil (filtering) or for temporary storage and subsequent slow release into sewers or other drainage systems such as reservoirs or channels (weakening), or re-use for home use (not for drinking water). Can also be provided by other applications, such as drainage for water-logged soil.

Underground construction is usually sufficiently strong and durable to withstand the soil and possible loads from traffic, for example, when installing under a road or Parking lot.

Observation channels are usually present in the filtration unit and have such a size that the equipment for inspection and/or cleaning can pass through them. Part of the underground structure, surrounding one or more inspection channels are open to ensure effective cleaning.

Various types of such filter blocks known and used in under the roadways designs filtering or attenuation of water flow.

In the European patent 1260640 described block filter with housing in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped constructed from one main wall and the various walls that are connected with it. The walls are made in the form of plates and have a grid structure, so that the filtration unit is water-permeable. Wall form a space, which can hold water. The filtering unit further comprises a viewing channel, parallel to the main wall and passing through the filtering unit, with holes on both ends of the observation channel. Holes observation channel occupy approximately 1/3 of the outer surface of the filtration unit in which there is a hole observation channel.

The filter blocks of this type are easily clogged by dirt from the closed design of the lattice walls. Cleaning requires the use of jets of water under high pressure, which is not desirable since it can damage permeable (material) layer for filtering or impermeable layer to attenuate water flow, which usually surrounds the design of filtering or attenuation of water flow.

The aim of the present invention is to provide a filtering unit having a lightweight, fully open for inspection and cleaning, and can easily be combined with one or more other b is an OK filter in underground construction with the required strength and stability.

According to the invention created the filtration unit is made of plastic, designed to combine with other similar filter blocks in underground construction for filtering or attenuation of water flow and comprising a housing in the form essentially of a rectangular parallelepiped having a pair of opposite first, second and third outer surfaces passing through the filtering unit, at least one viewing channel with the holes located on the opposite third exterior surfaces of the filtration unit, the area of each hole observation of the channel is at least 10% of the size of the area of the third outer surface, in which it is located one element or many elements of the United filtering unit, with one or more sections of one or more viewing channels is limited to one or many of these connected elements, with at least one element of the filtration unit is a one piece construction of plastic material, having a body in the form essentially of a rectangular parallelepiped with side parts of the body, essentially on opposite sides of one or more sections of the observation channels and at least one middle part of the body located between the side parts and, and the first outer surfaces formed by the side parts of the housing and the second outer surface formed middle parts of the body, characterized in that the side parts and one or more secondary parts of the body, essentially formed lattice walls with channels formed essentially parallel channels passing between each of the first outer surface and one or more inspection channels element of the filtration unit and between each of the second outer surface and one or more inspection channels element of the filtration unit, and the total area occupied by one or more observation holes of the channel is at least half of the size of the area of the third outer surface of the filtration unit, which is located one or several holes in the observation channel.

The cross-section of one or more viewing channels may have an essentially rectangular shape, a rounded or circular shape.

The cross-section of one or more viewing channels may be the same along the length of the block element filter.

The filtering unit may have at least two parallel observation channel.

Between the parallel observation channels can be carried out at least one transverse channel, the cross section of which PR is doctitle is, at least 10% of the corresponding cross-section of the block in which it is located.

One or more elements of the filtration unit can be equipped with one or more valves, contributing to overlap the through holes in the middle parts of the body, passing to the observation channels.

In the through-holes may be located a special item, such as a filter element, which is preferably removable.

In the observation holes of the channel can be located special items, such as conical adapters, plugs, reinforcing elements or connecting elements, special elements are preferably removable.

One or more elements may be provided with one or more connecting means for mutual connection of the elements of the filtration unit.

One or more elements may be provided with at least two parallel channels for the forklift truck, including the forks of the truck.

One or more items can be completely manufactured by injection molding. The elements can be produced in a form for injection molding, containing a number of horizontal and vertical rods located adjacent or surrounding one or more stem is o elements, forming a section of the observation channel.

According to the invention is created underground structure formed by one or more mutually connected by the above described filter blocks.

The filter blocks can be connected so that the viewing channel has a horizontal longitudinal axis or a vertical longitudinal axis.

The filter blocks can be connected so that the system viewing channel is formed by a combination of observation channels with vertical and horizontal longitudinal axis.

Underground structure may be located in the permeable material to ensure the accumulation of water to filter into the surrounding soil or in a waterproof material to provide temporary storage of water for later slow its release into the sewer system or other discharge systems, such as ponds, channels or the like, and/or provide water storage for re-use in home use except as drinking water.

Underground structure may contain at least one special element, such as filter element, cover, inlet pipe, connector, conical adapter and a similar element.

According to another variant the execution of the filtration unit is made of plastic, designed for United is I set filter blocks in underground construction for filtering or attenuation of water flow and includes a housing in the form, essentially, a rectangular parallelepiped with opposite pairs of the first, second and third outer surfaces, in which one or more partitions of the observation channels are between the third outer surfaces with holes observation channel located in the third exterior surfaces, the area of each hole observation of the channel is at least 10% of the size of the area of the third outer surface, in which it is located, and the filtering unit consists of one or more one-piece element made of plastic and formed, each lattice walls with channels, which form essentially parallel channels, passing between each of the first outer surface and one or more inspection channels element of the filtration unit and between each of the second outer surface and one or more inspection channels of the block element filter.

According to the invention also created a method of manufacturing a one-piece element above the filtration unit made of plastic, which uses a form that includes one or more rods, forming at least one section of the observation channel element of the filtration unit, many of the rods forming the above-mentioned channels, essentially passing the computers is the super channels passing between each of the first outer surface and one or more inspection channels element of the filtration unit and between each of the second outer surface and one or more inspection channels of the block element filter.

Hereinafter the invention will be described in detail with reference to preferred options and on the drawings, which depict the following:

figure 1 depicts a perspective view of the filtration unit according to the invention;

figure 2 is an element of the filtration unit according to the invention;

figure 3 - block filter according to the invention, consisting of elements of the filtration unit shown in figure 2;

figure 4 - form for molding, which can be used for the manufacture of an element of the filtration unit shown in figure 2;

figure 5 - first underground structure consisting of elements of the filtration unit according to the invention;

6 is a second underground structure consisting of elements of the filtration unit according to the invention;

7 is a schematic cross section of two connected blocks filtration;

Fig, 9 and 10 are various examples of special items placed in the observation holes of the channel;

11 - alternative special item that can be placed in the through holes.

Figure 1 shows the first preferred variant BL is ka 1 filter according to the invention. Block 1 filter includes a housing in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped having a pair of opposite first outer surfaces And a pair of opposite second outer surfaces and a pair of opposite third outer surfaces C.

Two parallel observation of the channel 3A and 3b pass through the filtration unit 1 between the third outer surfaces, parallel to the first outer surfaces A. Observation channels 3A, 3b have holes 4 a viewing channel, located at the opposite outer surfaces of the block 1 filter.

The cross-section of each observation channel 3A and 3b is preferably ring-shaped and preferably is equal to the length of the observation channels.

The area of each hole 4 a viewing channel is more than 10% of the size of the area of the outer surface 5 of block 1 of the filter in which it is located. The area of each observation channel is large enough to ensure the passage through it of the equipment for inspection and/or cleaning. The total area of the two holes 4 viewing channels on the outer surface With more than 50% of the outer surface S.

Between the parallel observation channels 3A and 3b, according to this variant, there is one transverse channel 9. Cross channel 9 has a circular cross-section, which zanim which is 10% of the corresponding cross-sectional block 1 filter, in which it is located.

Block 1 in figure 1 may be a single, solid block, one-piece construction of plastic material formed in an appropriate form. This is particularly effective if it wasn't for the cross-channel 9, which is also within the present invention.

The housing 1 is formed with lateral housing parts 7a, 7b, 7C on opposite sides of the two observation channels 3A and 3b and between the side housing parts 7a, 7b and 7C of two middle housing parts 8A and 8b. As can be seen, the outer lateral side of the casing 7a, 7C limit the outer surface of the block, whereas the middle part of the body to limit the outer surface of the block.

Side of the chassis and one or more secondary parts of the body block 1 filter formed lattice walls with channels, which form essentially parallel channels 17b passing between each of the first outer surface and one or more elements of the observation channels of the filtration unit, and essentially parallel channels 17A, passing between each of the second outer surface and one or more inspection channels block 1 filter.

In the shown embodiment, all channels 17A, 17b are exposed on the outside of the outer surface of the block and most of the channels 17A, 17b are also open on another con is e and, thus, when the connection with the observation channel.

As shown in figure 1, some channels have the end wall at the end close with an observation channel, most of these end walls are made with holes for the passage of water. Figure 1 can be seen all holes and openings with slots.

The channels 17A, 17b arranged at right angles to the outer surface, from which they pass so that there are two series of mutually perpendicular channels.

In this embodiment, the channels 17A, 17b, essentially, have a rectangular cross-section, which is essentially the same along the length of the channels.

The channels 17A, 17b in this embodiment is formed by a multitude of elongated rods in a form for injection molding, around which poured plastic. Thus, the channels form 17A, 17b with a size large enough to prevent clogging by dirt, and with sufficient permeability. The filtration unit has a very open structure, and to the extent possible, prevents clogging dirt, moreover, almost all the area of the filtration unit are available and cleared through the large viewing the channels 3A and 3b.

In the shown embodiment, there are areas 4A with the notch on the outer surfaces 5A and 5b (not shown) of block 1 filter around each of the holes observation channel 4. Function is these areas 4A with the notch will be described with regard to Fig.7-10.

The valve 18 is located in the middle parts 8A of the housing unit 1 filter. The valve 18 is installed to overlap the through-hole in the middle parts of the chassis during installation or factory, and mentioned through holes are to the observation channels. These through holes can be used to connect the channels with horizontal and vertical axes. After the opening of such through holes can function as a hole observation channel, which may, if desired, be closed by a cap. This through hole can also be used for placement of the connecting elements to connect the filtration unit to another unit filter or inlet or outlet pipes. Another purpose of such through holes may be the placement of the filter elements. Such a filter element can act as a barrier for sand and other parts. The filter element can be lowered into the hole and, if necessary, removed for inspection and cleaning.

Block 1 filter, shown in figure 1, further comprises a notch 19 for accommodating the connecting elements which can be connected together in a multitude of filter blocks for the formation of underground construction filter.

The filtration unit designed as a block in figure 1, can also octoate of two preferably identical elements of the filtration unit, such as the element 10, as shown in figure 2. This block 100 consists of two block elements 10 of the filter shown in figure 3. When assembling the round viewing channels 30A and 30b is formed of a pair of semicircular sections of the observation channels. Viewing channels 30A and 30b contain holes 40 a viewing channel, placed on the opposite outer surfaces S2. Preferably these elements of the filtration unit can be mutually connected via a connecting device (not shown), for example, in the grooves 19b for the formation of the filtration unit, such as unit 100 of the filter shown in figure 3. The area of each hole observation channel is more than 10% of the size of the area of the outer surface 50 in which it is made. The total area of the two holes 40 observation of the channel is at least half the size of the area of the outer surface of the block 50 of the filter, which made these two holes 40 a viewing channel. Educated observation channels, therefore, is limited to two elements of the filtration unit.

The block element 10 of the filter shown in figure 2, has a one piece construction, made of plastic, and includes a housing in the form of a rectangular parallelepiped. The housing consists of three lateral parts 70A, 70b, 70C of the body on opposite sides of the two semicircular sections smotrova the channels 30A and 30b.

In block 100 of the filter (figure 3) can be used two housing elements 100A and 100b of the filtration unit and, therefore, two sets of lateral parts 70A, 70b, 70C of the housing element 100b of the filtration unit and 70A', 70b', 70C' element 100A of the filtration unit. Section observation of the channel have the same cross-section along the length of the block element filter. Between the side parts 70A, 70b, 70C of the housing, there is one middle portion 80 of the housing. Figure 3 shows that between the side parts 70A', 70b', 70C' building is located one middle portion 80' of the housing. In the lateral parts of the housing 70b and 70b' are sections 90 and 90' of the transverse channel. The cross-section of one of the transverse channel is more than 10% of the corresponding cross-section of element 10 of the filtration unit. In the element of the filtration unit 10 in figure 2, the wall 90 is in the transverse channel 90. Figure 3 the valve 39' is located in the middle part 80' body shows a block 100 of the filter. The valve 39' is made with holes 39A, in which, for example, can be placed connecting elements, such as element 81 shown figure 11. Through holes 39 are opposite the middle part of the housing 80.

The elements of the filtration unit according to the invention, preferably fully produced by injection molding. Figure 4 shows a form for injection molding, which can be used in AWANA for manufacturing element of the filtration unit, shown in figure 2. Shows the form 20 contains four main elements 21, 22A and 22b and 23. Item 21 of form contains two rods 21A, in this case, semi-circular, which form a partition of the observation channels. Movable in two-way direction at a right angle opposite elements 22A, 22b form to the element 21 forms, each of which contains many, in the position shown, horizontal, parallel rods 22p. Opposite to item 21 of form is the element 23 forms, which also contains a number of parallel, vertical rods 23 C, in the position shown. Horizontal and vertical bars are latticed walls with channels, which form parallel channels passing from the outer side of the filtration unit to the observation channels. When the elements 21, 22A, 22b, 23 provided in the operating position, fill the plastic for forming the element of the filtration unit.

The filter blocks, according to figure 1 and figure 3, can be assembled and connected to form underground construction, such as design 2, shown in figure 5. Underground construction shown in figure 5, consists of six elements of the unit 10 of the filter, such as shown in figure 2. The four elements of the unit 10 of the filter is connected to the formation of two filter blocks, such as shown in figure 3. Underground construction is holding two observation channel 11 and 12 with the vertical, the longitudinal axis and with a round, cross-section of two observation channels (not shown) with a horizontal, longitudinal axis and with a round cross-section and two observation channel 13 and 14 with a horizontal, longitudinal axis and a semi-circular, cross section. Moreover, the design has a transverse channels.

Figure 6 shows another variant of underground construction according to the invention, which consists of four filter blocks, such as shown in figures 1 and 3. This underground structure is assembled of eight elements of the filtration unit shown in figure 2. Underground construction, shown in Fig.6, which has four viewing channel 15a-d with the vertical, longitudinal axis and a circular, transverse cross section and two observation channel 16A and 16b with a horizontal, longitudinal axis and a circular, cross section.

7 schematically shows a cross-section of two connected blocks 31 and 32 of the filter. The side parts 34a and 34b of the housing unit 31 of the filter and the side parts 35A and 35b of the housing unit 32 of the filter is surrounded by a viewing channel 33. Around the hole 36 viewing channel block 32 of the filter and the holes 37 viewing channel unit 31 of the filter made the notches 36A and 37A, respectively, on the outer surface of the filtration unit (not shown)similar to the grooves 4A, shown in figure 1. In the hole 37 viewing channel is uprock the store element 38. This reinforcing element 38 may not be ejected from the hole 37 a viewing channel in the viewing channel 33, since the protrusion 38A reinforcing element 38 is in the notches 37A and 36A, but is too large to enter into the observation channel 33.

On Fig, 9 and 10 shows a variety of special items, which are placed in the observation holes of the channel and which contain protrusions, which are the notches in the observation holes of the channel, such as the notches 4A, shown in figure 1, and the notches 36A and 37A, shown in Fig.6.

On Fig shown underground structure 41, collected from five United elements 41A, 41b, 41p, 41d, 41e of the filtration unit. On the outer surface 48 of the filtration unit consisting of the United elements 41A and 41b, two special elements 42 and 43, are placed in the holes in the observation channel. Special item 42 - reinforcing part similar to the part 38 shown in Fig.7. Shows the reinforcing portion 42 has a grid design that allows water to pass through the reinforcing portion 42.

Special element 43 is a connecting part and contains a lattice portion 43A, a hollow cylindrical portion 43b with a relatively large diameter, a tapered portion and 43C and the cylindrical portion 43d with a relatively small diameter. Cylindrical/conical portion 43b, and 43C, 43d can use is the promise to connect the filtration unit to the inlet or outlet pipe (not shown) and/or to the inspection pit or manhole. In this case, the pipe of small diameter may be connected to the cylindrical part 43d or large diameter pipe may be connected to the cylindrical portion 43b. Therefore, the cylindrical portion 43b made the area 43th with a small groove, which can be used as a guide for carving if the connecting pipes.

Special element 44 located on top of the filtration unit consisting of the United elements 41A and 41b, the through hole 45 is formed by a valve similar to the valve 46. Special element 44 is a circular adapter conical shape, placed in the observation channel 47, partially shown formed element 41p the filtration unit. The adapter 44 of conical shape narrows the diameter of the viewing channel 47 through which water can flow through the adjacent through hole 45. Adapter conical shape can be made with the top surface of conical shape for the guide to hardware (e.g., inspection/cleaning/measuring device) in order to get to the bottom of the viewing channel through the inlet. Moreover, the adapter conical shape can be used as a reinforcing element for the bottom of the filtration unit due to the fact that a through hole was formed by removing h the engines. Moreover, the adapter conical shape may function as a coupling element, perceiving the shift between the upper and lower block filter that provides a rigid structure. The adapter 44 of conical shape can prevent the clogging of dirt in the corners of the element 41p filtering unit, partially forming a viewing channel 47.

Figure 9 shows the underground structure 51, collected from eight cells connected in the filtration unit, forming four blocks 51A, 51b, C, 51d filtering. On the outer surface 58 of the block 51A filtering in the observation holes of the channel hosted two special element 52, 53, similar to the reinforcing portion 42 and the connecting part 43 shown in Fig. Upstairs unit 51b filtering are two special element 54, 55. Special element 54 is a cover not shown in the observation channel, located under the cover 54. The cover 54 can be made waterproof. Special item 55 - connection piece for connecting underground construction 51, for example, to Gavrilovna the connecting element or other type of mining pipe (see figure 10), which can be connected to a standard lids (not shown), or a special element 55 can be used, for example, for connection to the inlet or outlet pipe of large diameter, the RA. Of course, for this purpose a special element 55 may also be placed in the horizontal direction.

Figure 10 shows the underground structure 61, collected from eight cells connected in the filtration unit, forming four blocks 61A, 61b, 61C, 61d filtering. Not shown the outer surface of the block 61b filtering in the observation hole channel 64b, hosted a special element 63, similar to the connecting part 43 shown in Fig. Upstairs unit 61C filter is a special element 65. Special element 65 is a corrugated coupling element that is connected to the filtration unit by means of a special element 55 shown in Fig.9. Corrugated coupling element may also be any other type of shaft tube and is used for connecting the underground construction 61, for example, to the standard cover (not shown), which is usually also used for close inspection chambers and manholes. The cover can provide accessibility to underground construction, for example, for inspection, cleaning or other maintenance.

Figure 11 shows another special element 81, which can be placed in the hole, such as hole 39A in figure 3. Large special items such forms can be placed in a through hole which obrazets is after the opening of the valve 18 (1), or in a through hole 39 (Fig 3). Special element 81 can be used to build filter blocks for the formation of underground construction. Such a coupling element 81 allows a one-piece design filter blocks to be not receptive to the changes.

1. The filtration unit is made of plastic, designed to combine with other similar filter blocks in underground construction for filtering or attenuation of water flow and comprising a housing in the form essentially of a rectangular parallelepiped having a pair of opposite first, second and third outer surfaces passing through the filtering unit, at least one viewing channel with the holes located on the opposite third exterior surfaces of the filtration unit, the area of each hole observation of the channel is at least 10% of the size of the area of the third outer surface, in which it is located, one element or multiple cells connected in the filtration unit, with one or more sections of one or more viewing channels is limited to one or many of these connected elements, with at least one element of the filtration unit is a one piece construction of plastic material, having a housing in essentially direct ogologo parallelepiped with side parts of the body, essentially, on opposite sides of one or more sections of the observation channels and at least one middle part of the body located between its lateral parts, with the first outer surface is formed by the lateral parts of the body, and the second outer surface formed middle parts of the body, characterized in that the side parts and one or more secondary parts of the body, essentially formed lattice walls with channels formed essentially parallel channels passing between each of the first outer surface and one or more inspection channels element of the filtration unit, and between each second the outer surface and one or more inspection channels element of the filtration unit, and the total area occupied by one or more observation holes of the channel is at least half the size of the area of the third outer surface of the filtration unit, which is located one or several holes in the observation channel.

2. The filtration unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross-section of one or more viewing channels has an essentially rectangular shape.

3. The filtration unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the cross-section of one or more viewing channels is essentially a rounded or is the form's window.

4. The filtering unit according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the cross-section of one or more viewing channels is equal to the length of the block element filter.

5. The filtration unit according to claim 1, characterized in that it has at least two parallel observation channel.

6. The filtration unit according to claim 5, characterized in that between the parallel observation channels passes, at least one transverse channel, the cross section of which is preferably at least 10% of the corresponding cross-section of the block in which it is located.

7. The filtration unit according to claim 1, characterized in that one or more elements of the filtration unit equipped with one or more valves, contributing to overlap the through holes in the middle parts of the body, passing to the observation channels.

8. The filtration unit according to claim 7, characterized in that the through hole is a special item, such as a filter element, which is preferably removable.

9. The filtration unit according to claim 1, characterized in that the observation holes of the channel are special elements, such as conical adapters, plugs, reinforcing elements or connecting elements, special elements are preferably removable.

10. The filtration unit according to claim 1, Otley is audica fact, one or more of the elements provided with one or more connecting means for mutual connection of the elements of the filtration unit.

11. The filtration unit according to claim 1, characterized in that one or more of the elements provided with at least two parallel channels for the forklift truck, which includes the forks of the truck.

12. The filtration unit according to claim 1, characterized in that one or more elements are entirely manufactured by injection molding.

13. The filtering unit according to item 12, wherein the elements are made in the form for casting under pressure, containing a number of horizontal and vertical rods located adjacent or surrounding one or more rod elements forming section of the observation channel.

14. Underground structure formed by one or more mutually connected filter blocks, wherein the blocks are made according to any of claims 1 to 13.

15. Underground construction according to 14, characterized in that the filter blocks are connected so that the viewing channel has a horizontal longitudinal axis.

16. Underground construction according to 14, characterized in that the filter blocks are connected so that the viewing channel has a vertical longitudinal axis.

17. Underground construction according to 14, characterized in that the blocks f is litraly are connected so as the system observation channel is formed by a combination of observation channels with vertical and horizontal longitudinal axis.

18. Underground construction on one of PP-17, characterized in that it is permeable to the material to ensure the accumulation of water to filter into the surrounding soil.

19. Underground construction on one of PP-17, characterized in that it is located in a waterproof material to provide temporary storage of water for later slow its release into the sewer system or other discharge systems, such as ponds, channels or the like, and/or the accumulation of water for its reuse in home use except as drinking water.

20. Underground construction according to 14, characterized in that it contains at least one special element, such as filter element, cover, inlet pipe, connector, conical adapter and a similar element.

21. The filtration unit is made of plastic, designed to combine multiple filter blocks in underground construction for filtering or attenuation of water flow and comprising a housing in the form of an essentially rectangular parallelepiped with opposite pairs of the first, second and third outer surfaces, in which one or the number of partitions of the observation channels are between the third outer surfaces with holes observation channel, located in the third exterior surfaces, the area of each hole observation of the channel is at least 10% of the size of the area of the third outer surface, in which it is located, and the filtering unit consists of one or more one-piece element made of plastic and formed, each lattice walls with channels, which form essentially parallel channels passing between each of the first outer surface and one or more inspection channels element of the filtration unit, and between each second outer surface and one or more inspection channels of the block element filter.

22. A method of manufacturing a one-piece element of the filtration unit is made of plastic according to one of claims 1 to 13, 21, which uses a form that includes one or more rods, forming at least one section of the observation channel element of the filtration unit, many of the rods forming the above-mentioned channels, essentially parallel channels passing between each of the first outer surface and one or more inspection channels element of the filtration unit, and between each second outer surface and one or more inspection channels element of the filtration unit.
Priority set the len: 18.06.2004 date of filing 04076793.1, filed in the European patent office according to claims 1-22.



 

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EFFECT: reduced water consumption, increased operational reliability and service life.

9 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: water protection, particularly for prevention of water basin contamination with surface water received from agricultural lands.

SUBSTANCE: modular device comprises vertical partitions, which divide thereof into receiving, overflow and sediment chambers. Device includes several identical sections provided with partition chamber, clean water chamber, oil and floating rubbish gathering chamber and has filtering dam installed in intake channel bed.

EFFECT: simplified structure, increased cleaning efficiency.

2 dwg

FIELD: control of WC flushing valves.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of control of WC flushing valve in vacuum collector system includes opening and closing of flushing valve by means of control unit at rate ensuring opening and closing time of 0.25 and 0.4 s respectively. Device for control of WC flushing valve includes at least three working valves. Device and flushing valve are actuated by vacuum created in collector system. Said working valves may return to initial position by means of common piston-type rod made in form of cam which is actuated in its turn by piston in cylindrical chamber. First valve actuated by starting unit brings cylindrical chamber in communication with vacuum source in second valve actuated by cam which brings vacuum source in collector system in communication with drive unit of flushing valve and third valve brings flushing ring or similar unit with water source through pipes and passages.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

8 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; vehicle vacuum toilet system.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains one toilet 1 placed in heated room 3 and connected through discharge valve 4 with drain pipe 5, container collector 6 connected with drain pipe 5 and device 8 to build vacuum in container-collector 6 and drain pipe 5. Container-collector is made in form of elongated vertically installed container 6 for collecting liquid sewage. Drain pipe is connected to container-collector 6 near center of its cylindrical main part. Container-collector is arranged in tight contact with room so that it is heated in height owing to heating of room. Container-collector can receive at least five toilet water drains.

EFFECT: prevention of freezing of contents in container-collector in period between its emptying without use of separate heating system.

12 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage water into ponds through underground horizons.

SUBSTANCE: method involves prospecting underground horizon with required absorbing capacity extending into pond; arranging gravity water flow into horizon; bringing water flow velocity up to underground horizon seepage velocity and providing dispersed laminar water flow. Device comprises water supply pipeline and receiving filtering well with waterproof side walls filled with coarse filling material and having narrow neck. Arranged inside neck are water flow deflectors installed below water supply pipeline in several rows and filter widening in downward direction. Accumulation chamber is located at upper filter part. Coarse filling material is located under accumulation chamber. Particle size of coarse filling material smoothly reduces in top-down direction and filter bottom is located below upper boundary of underground absorbing horizon.

EFFECT: increased output, increased quality of utilized water.

2 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg

FIELD: sewage system, particularly combination of engineering structures and sanitary procedures for collection and draining-off domestic sewage water concerned with day-to-day people activity in countryside.

SUBSTANCE: sewage system includes bath, lavatory pan, washing stand, collecting vessel and decomposition vessel with orifices for purified water discharge in ground. Gas relief valve and pipeline are arranged in upper part of decomposition vessel. Above vessels are made as metal drums. Located inside decomposition vessel is filter system. Orifices are drilled in lower part of decomposition vessel and arranged along the full vessel bottom perimeter. Fertilizers from decomposition vessel are removed through above valve. System has connection means formed as flexible couplers to link domestic sewage junctions with above system structures.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability, simplified structure, technology and maintenance, reduced cost.

1 dwg

FIELD: sewage system, particularly combination of engineering structures and sanitary procedures for collection and draining-off domestic sewage water concerned with day-to-day people activity in countryside.

SUBSTANCE: sewage system includes bath, lavatory pan, washing stand, collecting vessel and decomposition vessel with orifices for purified water discharge in ground. Gas relief valve and pipeline are arranged in upper part of decomposition vessel. Above vessels are made as metal drums. Located inside decomposition vessel is filter system. Orifices are drilled in lower part of decomposition vessel and arranged along the full vessel bottom perimeter. Fertilizers from decomposition vessel are removed through above valve. System has connection means formed as flexible couplers to link domestic sewage junctions with above system structures.

EFFECT: increased operational reliability, simplified structure, technology and maintenance, reduced cost.

1 dwg

FIELD: methods, systems, or installations for draining-off sewage water into ponds through underground horizons.

SUBSTANCE: method involves prospecting underground horizon with required absorbing capacity extending into pond; arranging gravity water flow into horizon; bringing water flow velocity up to underground horizon seepage velocity and providing dispersed laminar water flow. Device comprises water supply pipeline and receiving filtering well with waterproof side walls filled with coarse filling material and having narrow neck. Arranged inside neck are water flow deflectors installed below water supply pipeline in several rows and filter widening in downward direction. Accumulation chamber is located at upper filter part. Coarse filling material is located under accumulation chamber. Particle size of coarse filling material smoothly reduces in top-down direction and filter bottom is located below upper boundary of underground absorbing horizon.

EFFECT: increased output, increased quality of utilized water.

2 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg

FIELD: transport engineering; vehicle vacuum toilet system.

SUBSTANCE: proposed system contains one toilet 1 placed in heated room 3 and connected through discharge valve 4 with drain pipe 5, container collector 6 connected with drain pipe 5 and device 8 to build vacuum in container-collector 6 and drain pipe 5. Container-collector is made in form of elongated vertically installed container 6 for collecting liquid sewage. Drain pipe is connected to container-collector 6 near center of its cylindrical main part. Container-collector is arranged in tight contact with room so that it is heated in height owing to heating of room. Container-collector can receive at least five toilet water drains.

EFFECT: prevention of freezing of contents in container-collector in period between its emptying without use of separate heating system.

12 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: control of WC flushing valves.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method of control of WC flushing valve in vacuum collector system includes opening and closing of flushing valve by means of control unit at rate ensuring opening and closing time of 0.25 and 0.4 s respectively. Device for control of WC flushing valve includes at least three working valves. Device and flushing valve are actuated by vacuum created in collector system. Said working valves may return to initial position by means of common piston-type rod made in form of cam which is actuated in its turn by piston in cylindrical chamber. First valve actuated by starting unit brings cylindrical chamber in communication with vacuum source in second valve actuated by cam which brings vacuum source in collector system in communication with drive unit of flushing valve and third valve brings flushing ring or similar unit with water source through pipes and passages.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

8 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: water protection, particularly for prevention of water basin contamination with surface water received from agricultural lands.

SUBSTANCE: modular device comprises vertical partitions, which divide thereof into receiving, overflow and sediment chambers. Device includes several identical sections provided with partition chamber, clean water chamber, oil and floating rubbish gathering chamber and has filtering dam installed in intake channel bed.

EFFECT: simplified structure, increased cleaning efficiency.

2 dwg

FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly toilet system.

SUBSTANCE: toilet system comprises lavatory pan, flushing device to supply flushing water, line connected to the lavatory pan and to sewage pipeline, means to convey pumped-out mass from lavatory pan to the line and sewage pipeline. The means comprise two valves and pressure chamber arranged in-between, wherein the valves and pressure chamber are arranged in line. Reduced pressure is created in pressure chamber to force the mass from lavatory pan and pressure inside pressure chamber is increased to convey the mass to sewage pipeline. Pressure chamber is made as piston cylinder and includes piston connected to drive means. The drive means move the piston to reduce or increase pressure inside the pressure chamber. The system also has electric control means to control the drive means and above valves so that when the mass is forced out of the pressure chamber the piston movement is performed along with bringing both valves in closed state to create reduced pressure inside the chamber. After that the first valve is rapidly opened to provide the mass inflow from lavatory pan into pressure chamber.

EFFECT: reduced water consumption, increased operational reliability and service life.

9 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: domestic plumbing installations for fresh water or waste water, particularly to connect sewage pipes and odor seals.

SUBSTANCE: sewage pipe connector comprises inlet tubular part connected to the pipe and arranged upstream from the pipe to create inlet sewage water channel, outlet tubular part connected to the pipe and located downstream from it to create outlet sewage water channel and suppression part defining connection sewage water channel to create sewage water flow from inlet sewage water channel to outlet sewage water passage. The connector also has dividing tubular part, which forms dividing channel extending upwards from suppression section of the suppression part and dividing sewage water channel in upward direction at suppression section. Inlet and outlet tubular parts are located one opposite another and are coaxial one to another. Sewage water channel defined by suppression section is below the lowest part of adjacent sewage water channels. The connector additionally has dividing pipe connected to front end of dividing tubular part to enlarge the dividing channel in upward direction and lid detachably attached to the front end of dividing pipe for dividing channel sealing.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of odor suppression and prevention of outside odor spreading, possibility to regulate dividing channel height to compensate different depth of pipe laying.

4 cl, 4 dwg

Sewage system // 2274709

FIELD: water supply and sewage systems, particularly for residential, public and industrial buildings.

SUBSTANCE: sewage system in accordance with the first embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal and at least one sewage water receiver provided with discharge pipeline. The system also has accumulation vessel arranged over lavatory pan and/or urinal and communicated with the discharge pipeline of at least one sewage water receiver. Lower part of accumulation vessel has at least one outlet pipeline to communicate accumulation vessel with lavatory pan and/or urinal. If sewage water receiver connected with discharge pipeline and accumulation vessel is in room located on one level with room in which lavatory pan and/or urinal is installed fore accumulation vessel is arranged in discharge line of above sewage water receiver. The fore accumulation vessel interior is communicated with sewage water receiver and provided with exhaust pump having inlet connected with lower part of fore accumulation vessel interior and outlet linked with main accumulation vessel interior. Sewage system in accordance with the second embodiment comprises at least one lavatory pan and/or urinal with flushing tank provided with inlet valve arranged in upper part of flushing tank interior and connected to water supply system. Sewage system has at least one sewage water receiver provided with drainage pipeline and arranged in room, which is in one level with room having lavatory pan and/or urinal. The system is provided with accumulation vessel comprising exhaust pump having interior connected with drainage pipeline of at least one waste water receiver. Jet pump nozzle communicates with outlet part of inlet flushing tank valve. Mixing chamber communicates with lower part of accumulation vessel interior. Outlet part is connected with flushing tank interior.

EFFECT: possibility of household, industrial and atmospheric sewage water recycling and use for flushing lavatory pans and, as a result, reduced water consumption.

24 cl, 20 dwg

FIELD: sewage systems, particularly waste water cleaning systems.

SUBSTANCE: object (independent) sewage systems include mechanical cleaning device (cesspools) and biological cleaning devices (filters, filtration fields). Filtering devices of adjacent zones are hydraulically united in single filtering device to increase discharge volume and smooth discharge irregularity due to possibility to receive peak discharge volume from different objects in different time and due to increased filtration field area at the moment of waste water discharge from one object because of all filtering devices connection in single filtering device. Some zones may contain no filtering devices and waste water therefrom is supplied into adjacent zones.

EFFECT: possibility to smooth discharge irregularity and increased system capacity, decreased sanitary zones of filtering devices and, as a result, increased building density.

12 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: sanitary equipment, particularly toilet systems used in residential buildings and vehicles, namely in railroad cars, airplanes or buses.

SUBSTANCE: vacuum toilet system comprises lavatory pan, water flushing system, control unit and control button, accumulation tank with pressure and temperature sensors, with liquid level indicator and with heater electrically linked to control unit. System also has vacuum pump and conveyance pipelines. Vacuum pump has heater, at least one environment pressure sensor, conveyance pipeline and accumulation tank pressure sensor, environment temperature sensor, rotor blade temperature sensor and oil level indicating device electrically linked with control unit.

EFFECT: increased economical efficiency, reliability and service life.

2 cl, 1 dwg

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