Method of obtaining rapport for mechanical and chemical stamping during production of pvc linoleum

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to floor coating and can be used individually or industrially for floor coating in apartments and manufacturing facilities. The floor coating is polyvinyl chloride foam. Cost-effectiveness lies in use of available agents for cooling to technologically feasible temperature, creation of conditions for hardening of the surface layer of the fabric, possibility of turning the fabric by 180 degrees when there is need to use dyeing and lacquer coatings at rate of movement of the fabric of up to 25 m/min.

EFFECT: effect of sensory and organoleptic perception of natural species of wood and/or stones.

 

The invention relates to floor coverings and can be used individually or industrial use for flooring in residential homes and industrial buildings, and floor the floor is PVC foam, which allows to obtain the sensory characteristics of wood or stone in visual perception made floor coverings.

Known similar DE 3233448 from 15.03.1984 year, MCI D06N 1/00 [1].

The disadvantages of the known method of manufacturing a floor covering [1] should be attributed to the low information content of the process and the impossibility of obtaining sensory-sensory perception of texture and image.

The new way to get rapport mechanical and chemical embossing in the production of PVC linoleum is to increase technological capabilities in the manufacture of linoleum.

This object is achieved in that in the method of producing rapport mechanical and chemical embossing in the production of PVC linoleum consisting of process operations training ethos of the glass and applying PVC compositions according to the invention a roll of underlay set on the dip unwinding device, necessary to ensure the continuity of the production process, where is adenowo served on the device for bonding fabrics, make the bonding of the previous and subsequent ends of the coils underlay with adhesive tape and an additional heat treatment, and the map comes in two-loop unwinding compensator, designed to create a stock underlay that provides continuous operation of the line at the time of bonding the underlying cause, and of the unwinding of the compensator the underlying cause is served on the first superficial cleaning device for applying a polyvinylchloride - PVC paste primer, consistently applied polyvinylchloride paste - PVC paste on the moving map of the fiberglass with a speed of 25 m/min, adjustable and synchronized on all the stations automatically using a computerized information system, the underlying cause hereinafter referred to as canvas coated with PVC paste the primer serves under an infrared emitter "Hevea", for loss of fluidity of the paste canvas outer surface pressed against the heated hot oil surface thermobaby with a temperature of 145-150°C for gelation holding down the rubber shaft, the cloth is fed to the cooling device for contact cooling to 25°C, chilled cloth is fed to the second surface device for applying an obverse layer PVC paste, then canvas coated with PVC paste obverse layer outer surface of interaction the Central controller communicates with the hot oil up to 145-150°With the surface of thermobaby for the gelatin and then fed to the cooling device, chilled canvas arrives at the turning device, where the canvas face down, turn 180° and served in the Department of printing for applying a printed pattern on the front side of the sheet using a printing ink is applied in the form of a figure engraved on the print shaft on the front side of the sheet, where to get a full picture, depending on the design, the process involved three to five printing rollers with the corresponding color of printing ink on the surface of each shaft, communicating with the front side of the canvas where the printed ink set the tone of the imprint pattern of a thickness not less than 0.5 μm, and integrity figure perceive after successive print all printing rollers of this design, and the canvas is served in the drying chamber, which produces the process of drying with warm air at a temperature of from 80 to 120°C, depending on the feeding speed of the fabric, achieve the effect of mechanical and chemical embossing through the use of special translucent ink, inhibitor and photoinitiator done last printed shaft of the design, coated canvas printed picture is turned 180° faceup and served in the stabilization system of the canvas, rolling to the third alluvial device for applying a transparent layer, and ZAT is m canvas with applied him PVC transparent paste layer is fed to a hot oil up to 145-150°With the surface of thermobaby for the gelatin and then cooling to 25°C device then chilled canvas arrives to install varnish UV protection, where the cause of varnish on the front surface of the canvas with a certain thickness and dried in an ultraviolet drying chamber, and the road passes a number of bypass shaft and enters the mechanical embossing, consisting of an infrared field, tinylogo shaft, rubber and cooling of the shaft, and the blade goes infrared field at a temperature of 80-95°C, and then the fabric is pressed rubber shaft outer surface to timelinea shaft, made in the form of a hollow cylinder, the surface of which is coated relief pattern with the height of the elevation profile from 0.1 to 0.25 mm which are pressed into the canvas than provide relief obverse surface, and a constant surface temperature of 20-25°C tinylogo shaft is provided by a double jacket water cooling, which is fed and given water with a temperature between 14-17°C, the cloth with tinylogo shaft play on the cooling shaft, which simultaneously provide the necessary tension of the canvas and the canvas is served on site cooling to 20-25°C, for contact cooling fabric is fed to the rotary device, where it is turned 180° facedown feed on the fifth alluvial device for applying the paste PVC back is Loya, then the fabric is coated with PVC paste layer arrives back with the help of endless roller conveyor in thermogenerator chamber with a temperature of 175-195°C for final gelation, foaming, front and back layer and achieve the effect of mechanical and chemical embossing, thermal cameras cloth is fed to the cooling unit to 25-14°C, then cooled canvas serves on the sixth surface application device using a doctor blade device PVC compact paste layer, canvas coated with PVC paste compact layer of the rear surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at a temperature of 145-150°C, at the same time the cloth is fed to contact the cooling device with a cooling temperature of 25°C, where the cold cloth comes back up for printing the back side to dip raster printing machine, cloth with printed pattern on the back side enters the drying chamber, which produces the process of drying by warm air at 100-190°C, and the choice of the heat mode can be set and controlled from a Central control panel, and the material is cooled and fed to the installation of varnish UV protection on the front surface of the canvas, when the fact carry out the preliminary final drying of the varnish at 80-100°C, then the fabric is cooled, cut off edges, produce visual absolute control of the surface coating, classified by quality grade, read the meter, produce wound on a cartridge rolls, labelled and packaged in accordance with the technical requirements for the type of finished paintings linoleum.

Description of the method.

The way to gain rapport mechanical and chemical embossing in the production of PVC linoleum consisting of process operations training ethos of the glass and applying coatings, characterized in that:

1. roll underlay set on the dip unwinding device, necessary to ensure the continuity of the production process, where the underlying cause is served on the device for bonding fabrics, which produces bonding previous and subsequent ends of the rolls of underlay, adhesive tape and an additional heat treatment;

2. the map comes in two-loop unwinding compensator, designed to create a stock underlay that provides continuous operation of the line at the time of gluing underlay;

3. from unwinding compensator underlying cause is served on the first superficial cleaning device for applying a polyvinylchloride - PVC paste primer layer, sequentially nano is Yat polyvinylchloride paste - PVC paste on the moving map of the fiberglass with a speed of 25 m/min, adjustable and synchronized on all the stations automatically using information and computer systems;

4. the underlying cause, hereinafter referred to as canvas coated with PVC paste the primer serves under an infrared emitter "Hevea" loss of fluidity of the paste;

5. canvas outer surface pressed against the heated hot oil surface thermobaby with a temperature of 145-150°C for gelation holding down the rubber shaft;

6. the cloth is fed to the cooling device for contact cooling to 25°C;

7. chilled cloth is fed to the second surface device for applying an obverse layer PVC paste;

8. canvas coated with PVC paste obverse layer outer surface interacts with a hot oil up to 145-150°With the surface of thermobaby for the gelatin and then fed to the cooling device;

9. chilled canvas arrives at the turning device, where the canvas face down, turn 180° and served in the Department of printing for applying a printed pattern on the front side of the sheet using a printing ink is applied in the form of a figure engraved on the printed Vale;

10. on the front side of the canvas where to get a full picture hung in the basis of design, the process involved three to five printing rollers with the corresponding color of printing ink on the surface of each shaft, interacting with face cloths;

11. printed paint set the tone of the imprint pattern of a thickness not less than 0.5 μm;

12. the integrity of the figure perceive after successive print all printing rollers of this design;

13. the canvas is served in the drying chamber, which produces the process of drying with warm air at a temperature of from 80 to 120°C, depending on the feeding speed of the fabric;

14. achieve the effect of mechanical and chemical embossing through the use of special translucent ink, inhibitor and photoinitiator done last printed shaft of a corresponding design;

15. the coated canvas printed picture is turned 180° faceup and served in the stabilization system of the canvas, rolling to the third alluvial device for applying a transparent layer;

16. the canvas is coated with a PVC paste transparent layer is fed to a hot oil up to 145-150°With the surface of thermobaby for the gelatin and then cooling to 25°C the device;

17. chilled canvas arrives to install varnish UV protection, where the cause of varnish on the front surface of the canvas with a certain thickness and millet is more in the ultraviolet drying chamber;

18. the road passes a number of bypass shaft and enters the mechanical embossing, consisting of an infrared field, tinylogo shaft, rubber and cooling of the shaft;

19. the fabric passes infrared field at a temperature of 80-95°C;

20. the cloth is pressed rubber shaft outer surface to timelinea shaft, made in the form of a hollow cylinder, the surface of which is coated relief pattern with the height of the elevation profile from 0.1 to 0.25 mm, which are pressed into the canvas than provide relief obverse surface;

21. a constant surface temperature of 20-25°C tinylogo shaft is provided by a double jacket water cooling, which is fed and given water with a temperature between 14-17°C;

22. canvas with tinylogo shaft play on the cooling shaft, which simultaneously provide the necessary tension;

23. the canvas is served on site cooling to 20-25°C;

24. for contact cooling fabric is fed to the rotary device, where it is turned 180° facedown feed on the fifth alluvial device for applying the paste PVC back layer;

25. canvas coated with PVC paste layer arrives back with the help of endless roller conveyor in thermogenerator chamber with a temperature of 175-195°C for final gelation, su is animania front and back layer and achieve the effect of mechanical and chemical embossing;

26. from smoke houses the cloth is fed to the cooling unit to 25-14°C;

27. chilled cloth serves on the sixth surface application device using a doctor blade device PVC compact paste layer;

28. canvas coated with PVC paste compact layer of the rear surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at a temperature of 145-150°C;

29. the canvas comes in contact cooling device with a cooling temperature 25°C;

30. chilled canvas comes back up for printing the back side to dip raster printing machine;

31. fabric with printed pattern on the back side enters the drying chamber, which produces the process of drying by warm air at 100-190°C, where the choice of the heat mode can be set and controlled from the Central control Board;

32. the fabric is cooled and fed to the installation of varnish UV protection on the front surface of the canvas;

33. carry out the preliminary final drying of the varnish at 80-100°C;

34. the fabric is cooled, cut off edges, produce visual absolute control of the surface coating, classified by quality grade, read the meter, produce wound on a cartridge rolls, mark and UPA is byvaut in accordance with the technical requirements for the type of finished paintings linoleum.

An example of performing a process:

- unwind the roll of underlay with a speed of 25 m/min;

- applied primer and face layer PVC paste;

- put the printed image and a transparent layer of printed ink;

- produce lacquer UV protection;

- perform mechanical embossing;

- put back the PVC layer and compact PVC layer;

- produce printing the back side of the printing ink;

- applied lacquer UV protection;

- cut edges;

- control the quality of finished products; raspakovyvat, pack and label the finished products.

Industrial applicability of the process according to the method of obtaining rapport mechanical and chemical embossing in the production of PVC linoleum is a new structure PVC linoleum, with other than existing types of floor coverings properties, with the effect of sensory and organoleptic perception of natural wood and/or stone that attracts buyers and makes linoleum corresponding to the taste of the consumer.

The economic feasibility of production of linoleum is the application available in the production of cooling to technologically justified temperature using a number of know-how, as well as created and curing conditions of the surface layer of the fabric, enable-turn blade 180 degrees if you want to use coloring and layers of lacquer coatings at a rate of movement of the fabric up to 25 m/min

The way to gain rapport mechanical and chemical embossing in the production of PVC linoleum consisting of process operations training ethos of the glass and applying coatings, characterized in that the roll of underlay set on the dip unwinding device, necessary to ensure the continuity of the production process, where the underlying cause is served on the device for bonding fabrics, which produces bonding preceding and following ends of the coils underlay with adhesive tape and an additional heat treatment, and the map comes in two-loop unwinding compensator, designed to create a stock underlay that provides continuous operation of the line at the time of bonding the underlying cause, and from unwinding compensator the underlying cause is served on the first superficial cleaning device for applying a polyvinylchloride (PVC), paste a primer layer, consistently applied PVC paste (PVC) pasta on a moving map of the fiberglass with a speed of 25 m/min, adjustable and synchronized on all the stations automatically using informationcomputer system, the underlying cause, hereinafter referred to as canvas coated with PVC paste the primer serves under an infrared emitter "Hevea", for loss of fluidity of the paste canvas outer surface pressed against the heated hot oil surface thermobaby with a temperature of 145-150°C for gelation holding down the rubber shaft, the cloth is fed to the cooling device for contact cooling to 25°C, chilled cloth is fed to the second surface device for applying an obverse layer PVC paste, then canvas coated with PVC paste obverse layer outer surface interacts with a hot oil up to 145-150°With the surface of thermobaby for the gelatin and then supplied to the cooling the device is cooled canvas arrives at the turning device, where the canvas face down, turn 180°, and served in the Department of printing for applying a printed pattern on the front side of the sheet using a printing ink is applied in the form of a figure engraved on the print shaft on the front side of the sheet, where to get a full picture, depending on the design, the process involved from three to five of the print roller with the corresponding color of printing ink on the surface of each shaft, communicating with the front side of the canvas where the printed ink set the tone by Otis who and drawing thickness of not less than 0.5 micron, and the integrity of the figure perceive after successive print all printing rollers of this design, and the canvas is served in the drying chamber, which produces the process of drying with warm air at a temperature of from 80 to 120°C, depending on the feeding speed of the fabric, achieve the effect of mechanical and chemical embossing through the use of special translucent ink, inhibitor and photoinitiator done last printed shaft of the design, coated canvas printed picture is turned 180° faceup and served in the stabilization system of the canvas, rolling to the third alluvial device for applying a transparent layer, and then coated canvas him PVC transparent paste layer is fed to a hot oil up to 145-150°With the surface of thermobaby for the gelatin and then cooling to 25°C the device, and then cooled canvas arrives to install varnish UV protection, where the cause of varnish on the front surface of the canvas with a certain thickness and dried in an ultraviolet drying chamber, and the road passes a number of bypass shaft and enters the mechanical embossing, consisting of an infrared field, tinylogo shaft, rubber and cooling of the shaft, and the blade goes infrared the OLE at a temperature of 80-95°C. and then the cloth is pressed rubber shaft outer surface to timelinea shaft, made in the form of a hollow cylinder, the surface of which is coated relief pattern with the height of the elevation profile from 0.1 to 0.25 mm, which are pressed into the canvas than provide relief obverse surface, and a constant surface temperature of 20-25°C tinylogo shaft is provided by a double jacket water cooling, which is fed and given water with a temperature between 14-17°C, the cloth with tinylogo shaft play on the cooling shaft, which simultaneously provide the necessary tension of the canvas, and the canvas is served on site cooling to 20-25°C, for contact cooling fabric is fed to the rotary device, where it is turned 180° facedown feed on the fifth alluvial device for applying the paste PVC back layer, then the fabric coated with PVC paste layer arrives back with the help of endless roller conveyor in thermogenerator chamber with a temperature of 175-195°C for final gelation, foaming, front and back layers and the effect of mechanical and chemical embossing, thermal cameras cloth is fed to the cooling unit to 25-14°C, then cooled canvas serves on the sixth alluvial device for applying for the doctor OSU device PVC compact paste layer, canvas coated with PVC paste compact layer of the rear surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at a temperature of 145-150°C, while the cloth is fed to contact the cooling device with a cooling temperature of 25°C, where the cold cloth comes back up for printing the back side to dip raster printing machine, cloth with printed pattern on the back side enters the drying chamber, which produces the process of drying by warm air at 100-190°C, and the choice of the heat mode can be set and controlled from a Central control panel, and the material is cooled and fed to installing varnish UV protection on the front surface of the canvas, thus carry out the preliminary final drying of the varnish at 80-100°C, after which the fabric is cooled, cut off edges, produce visual absolute control of the surface coating, classified by quality grade, read the meter, produce wound on a cartridge rolls, labelled and packaged in accordance with the technical requirements for the type of finished paintings linoleum.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: foamable composition for obtaining foamed products contains polyvinylchloride, primary plasticiser, if necessary, other additives and as alkyl ester of benzoic acid, isononyl ester of benzoic acid in amount from 5 to 95 wt %, counting per weight of all available plasticiser, which constitutes 10 to 400 wt.p. per 100 wt.p. of polyvinylchloride. Method of product obtaining, which contains at least one foamed layer of polyvinylchloride consists in application of foamed composition on carrier, before and after application it is foamed and in conclusion it is thermally processed. Product represents covering for floors, artificial leather and wallpapers.

EFFECT: reduction of composition viscosity, temperature of its gelatinisation, which results in simple and quicker composition processing.

11 cl, 8 tbl, 5 ex

FIELD: chemical industry; other industries; methods of production of the of the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating.

SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of chemical industry, in particular, to production of plastics, namely - to the development of the method of production of the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating. The method is realized by deposition at heating up to temperature of 150-190°С on the textile base of the coating consisting of the polyvinylchloride composition including the film forming agent - polyvinylchloride suspension, the plasticizers - di-(2-ethylhexyl)- phthalate, chlorinated paraffin wax and the mixture of dioxane alcohols and their high-boiling ethers with the number of the hydroxyl groups of 23-36 %, the filler - the chalk and the crystalline calcium carbonate, the stabilizing agent - the stearic acid and calcium - the zinc complex stabilizing agent , the surface active agent - the flotation reactant - oxalic agent, the pigment - titanium dioxide, as the textile basis they use the cloth thermo bound by the surface density of 46-54 g/m2 made out of the polyester filaments with the density of 0.12-0.33 tack and the cutting length of 38-66 mm. The laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating has the bonding strength of the film coating with the base of 2.0-2.3 kN/m, the rigidity of 0.4-0.9 cN and variation of the linear dimensions lengthways of 0.4-0.7 % and transversely - 0.1-0.3 %.

EFFECT: the invention ensures, that the laminated material with the polyvinylchloride coating has the bonding strength of the film coating with the base of 2.0-2.3 kN/m, the rigidity of 0.4-0.9 cN and variation of the linear dimensions lengthwise and transversely are less than unity.

2 tbl

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to manufacture of simulated leather-type material with polymer coating, which can be used in making automotive tents, shelters, and for bundling of various technical tools. According to first option, material comprises textile backing and polymer coating formed on said backing with the aid of calender technique at the face and at the underside. Coating is composed of, weight parts: suspension polyvinylchloride (S-7058M) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, butadiene-nitrile rubber (BNKS-28) 30-0.1, thermoplastic polyurethane (VITUR 2213, 2513) 0.1-70, calcium stearate 0.5-2.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, weight ratio of layers in material being as follows: face polymer coating/underside polymer coating = (0.3÷0.5):(0.2÷0.4). According to second option, material comprises textile backing and polymer coating formed on said backing at the face and at the underside, face-side polymer coating being formed with the aid of calender technique and composed of, wt parts: suspension polyvinylchloride (S-7058M) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, butadiene-nitrile rubber (BNKS-28) 30-0.1, thermoplastic polyurethane (VITUR 2213, 2513) 0.1-70, calcium stearate 0.5-2.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, and underside coating being formed with the aid of deposition technique and composed of, wt parts: emulsion polyvinylchloride (EP-6602Ts) 100, di-2-ethylhexyl phthalate 20-60, di-2-ethylhexyl sebacate 5.0-20, trichloroethyl phosphate 5.0-15, "Vigostab BTs-42" 1.0-3.0, antimony trioxide 5.0-20, aluminum hydroxide 20-5.0, and pigments 2.0-6.0, weight ratio of layers in material being as follows: face polymer coating/underside polymer coating = (0.3÷0.5):(0.15÷0.3). According to second option, material represents film having the same composition as coating in the first option formed with the aid of calender technique, thickness of this film material ranging from 0.15 to 1.0 mm.

EFFECT: enhanced frost resistance, increased level of resistance to multiple bending (also at negative temperatures), and increased level of resistance to abrasion ensuring long service time.

3 cl, 2 tbl

FIELD: manufacture of building materials.

SUBSTANCE: floor coating obtained by laying method has its principal structure formed from thermoplastic material, in particular from plasticized polyvinylchloride, reinforced with textile armature and, if necessary, attached to foam sublayer. Front face resistance surface coating to be imaged and to provide wear resistance of part. Reverse face, which contacts floor, represents textile. Connection of textile structure with reverse surface of principal support is provided by means of additional plastisol layer penetrating to a inconsiderable depth into textile structure and ensuring, after gelation, fastening of textile to reverse face of principal support made from thermoplastic material.

EFFECT: improved walking comfort and both acoustic and thermal insulation at better mechanical strength and evenness.

8 cl, 1 tbl, 4 ex

FIELD: construction industry, in particular, laminated materials, such as rolled polymeric floor coverings, in particular, linoleum.

SUBSTANCE: multilayer rolled polymeric 2.7 mm thick floor covering has base comprising lower layer of nonwoven needle-stitched material of polyester or polypropylene filaments or mixture of filaments having thickness of 1.3-2.0 mm, density of 200-360 g/m2, and upper polymeric layer composed of at least two polyvinyl chloride layers. Lower polyvinyl chloride layer has glass fabric or mineral paper used as reinforcement material and having thickness of 0.6-1.0 mm. Thickness of transparent face layer is 0.12-0.50 mm. Middle polyvinyl chloride layer of polymeric layer may foamed and provided with decorative relief pattern.

EFFECT: increased decorative effect, improved wear resistance, heat and sound isolating properties and sanitary and hygienic qualities of rolled covering.

2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

The invention relates to light industry, the production of multi-layer materials such as artificial leather with polymer coating

The invention relates to the field of macromolecular compounds, namely the method of production of artificial skin used as teplozvukoizoljatsionnogo material, and can be used for interior decoration insulating covers cowls and facing radiators of different types of transport

The invention relates to compositions of macromolecular compounds, namely the production of artificial leather-based suspension polyvinyl chloride type Tarpaulin, intended for the manufacture of working shoes and boots, boots

The invention relates to the production of artificial leather, which can be used for technical products and special purpose, in particular to the manufacture of heat-resistant material

The invention relates to the production of artificial leather, which can be used for technical products and special purpose, in particular to the manufacture of heat-resistant material

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to production of floor coverings and method for production of homogeneous linoleum. The main PVC granules are prepared, milling is carried out, required thickness of finished product is provided, preliminary cut is done in edges of uneven border of homogeneous PVC web by disc knives, then web is polished in grinding machine, polished homogeneous PVC web is exposed to mechanical impression, which provides for specified level of microroughness height, varnish is applied, hardened in drying chamber, and edges are finally cut. Invention provides for production of new product of floor covering in the form of PVC web with homogeneous coating and high consumer properties.

EFFECT: production of new product of floor covering in the form of PVC web with homogeneous coating and high consumer properties.

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: said utility invention relates to floor coverings and may be used by individuals or in industry for floor covering in residential flats and industrial premises. The floor covering manufacture method involves operations of the application of PVC coatings using the air cushion for the preservation of the printed layer(s), levelling of the web edges, creation of stock of the floor covering rolled in the process of its coating, tensioning, drying, and cooling; along with a number of auxiliary operations related to the collection of excessive covering mass. The invention ensures cost effectiveness of the process, consisting in the selection of the most optimal operations of manufacture and inspection of the web proper, in the process of application of the coatings and the ultraviolet lacquer, the process of web tension synchronisation in various periods of its processing, the operations of linoleum web cooling, and other operations related to careful treatment of the covering, for example, during web rotation using the air cushion.

EFFECT: increased cost effectiveness of floor covering manufacture process.

1 ex

FIELD: polymer materials.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to filled polyvinylchloride composition intended for use in manufacture of linoleum having utilization as floor toppings in industrial and civil construction. Composition contains suspended polyvinylchloride, dioctyl phthalate, calcium stearate, and filler in the form of swollen sand, namely exhausted insulating filling from cryogenic plants.

EFFECT: improved performance characteristics and reduced cost due to utilized waste.

2 tbl

FIELD: filled plasticized polyvinyl chloride compositions for linoleum production.

SUBSTANCE: claimed composition contains suspended polyvinyl chloride as film-forming agent; di-(2-ethylhexyl)-phthalate as plasticizer; stearic acid and complex stabilizer as stabilizers; chalk and pigments as filler. Additionally composition contains mixture of crezyldiphenyl phosphate and liquid chlorinated paraffin in ratio of 3:1 as plasticizer and three-based lead sulphate as stabilizer and aluminum hydroxide and antimony trioxide as fire-retardant additives. Obtained rolled material has the next burning quality: smoke gases temperature of 120-135°C; damage ration in sample length of 60-65 %; damage ration in sample mass of 17-20 % and duration of spontaneous burning of 0 seconds.

EFFECT: improved fire retardant material.

2 tbl

FIELD: construction industry, in particular, laminated materials, such as rolled polymeric floor coverings, in particular, linoleum.

SUBSTANCE: multilayer rolled polymeric 2.7 mm thick floor covering has base comprising lower layer of nonwoven needle-stitched material of polyester or polypropylene filaments or mixture of filaments having thickness of 1.3-2.0 mm, density of 200-360 g/m2, and upper polymeric layer composed of at least two polyvinyl chloride layers. Lower polyvinyl chloride layer has glass fabric or mineral paper used as reinforcement material and having thickness of 0.6-1.0 mm. Thickness of transparent face layer is 0.12-0.50 mm. Middle polyvinyl chloride layer of polymeric layer may foamed and provided with decorative relief pattern.

EFFECT: increased decorative effect, improved wear resistance, heat and sound isolating properties and sanitary and hygienic qualities of rolled covering.

2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

The invention relates to the field of layered materials, in particular to a roll of plastic coatings in construction, usually called “linoleum”

The invention relates to the technology of production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC) building materials and can be used in the industry of construction materials for flooring in residential and industrial premises
The invention relates to the production of high-quality linoleum and determines the proper standards for technological establish parameters that affect the correctness of the implementation process, and hence the speed of developments sheet of material along with other production tasks associated with the use of modern electronic equipment

The invention relates to polymeric compositions for the manufacture of linoleum

FIELD: construction industry, in particular, laminated materials, such as rolled polymeric floor coverings, in particular, linoleum.

SUBSTANCE: multilayer rolled polymeric 2.7 mm thick floor covering has base comprising lower layer of nonwoven needle-stitched material of polyester or polypropylene filaments or mixture of filaments having thickness of 1.3-2.0 mm, density of 200-360 g/m2, and upper polymeric layer composed of at least two polyvinyl chloride layers. Lower polyvinyl chloride layer has glass fabric or mineral paper used as reinforcement material and having thickness of 0.6-1.0 mm. Thickness of transparent face layer is 0.12-0.50 mm. Middle polyvinyl chloride layer of polymeric layer may foamed and provided with decorative relief pattern.

EFFECT: increased decorative effect, improved wear resistance, heat and sound isolating properties and sanitary and hygienic qualities of rolled covering.

2 cl, 3 dwg, 1 tbl, 2 ex

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