Water purifier

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: water purifier for obtaining thawed drinking water comprises series-arranged in a single linear vessel - a water freezing zone with an annular freezing chamber, zone for forcing impurities from the ice front and concentration of impurities in form of brine, zone for transformation of water from solid state to liquid state with an annular heating element, separate pipes for outlet of impurities in form of brine and thawed water, located in the bottom part of the vessel. The device also has an actuating device for moving the stem of frozen water and a releasing device in form of a pipe with a circular cutting part. The actuating device is in form of a ring with a thread on the inner surface and with a gear transmission for rotation on the outer surface, mounted behind the freezing chamber.

EFFECT: increased output of the device and degree of purity of water.

2 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device for purification of water, artesian, wells, and other conventionally drinking water.

A device for water treatment, including consistently placed in the same longitudinal vessel area freezing the water with the ring freezer, the zone of displacement impurities from the ice front and the concentration of impurities in the brine and the transition zone of water from solid to liquid with ring heating element, separate connections for output impurities in brine and melt drinking water located in the lower part of the vessel (FR 2858607 A1, 11.02.2005).

The disadvantage of such devices is not enough high-quality water treatment associated with the technological complexity of the implementation process cooling and heating.

Closest to the proposed device is a water filter for receiving the melt drinking water, including consistently placed in the same longitudinal vessel area freezing the water with the ring freezer, the zone of displacement impurities from the ice front and the concentration of impurities in the brine, and the transition zone of water from solid to liquid with ring heating element, separate connections for output impurities in brine and melt drinking water located in the lower part of the vessel, the driving device is about moving rod of frozen water, and uncoupling device in the form of a pipe with cutting ring part (patent RU №2312817, C02F 1/22, BI No. 35, 2007).

The disadvantage of this filter is low productivity due to structural imperfections of the drive device moving rod of frozen water in the form of rollers with serrated surfaces (teeth have a point contact, and therefore is chipping ice when the shift roller and the rod does not move), which reduces the performance of the famous water filter.

Technical problem on which the invention is directed, is to increase productivity and purity of water.

This goal is achieved by the fact that the proposed technical solution with water to obtain a melt drinking water, which includes consistently placed in the same longitudinal vessel area freezing the water with the ring freezer, the zone of displacement impurities from the ice front and the concentration of impurities in the brine, the transition zone of water from solid to liquid with ring heating element, separate connections for output impurities in brine and melt drinking water located in the lower part of the vessel, a drive unit moving the rod of the frozen water, and uncoupling device in the form of ruby with cutting ring part, according to the invention the drive unit moving the rod is made of frozen water in the form of a ring with threads on the inner surface and a toothed drive rotation on the outer surface mounted for freezer. In addition, the longitudinal wall of the vessel is made of stainless material, such as steel, bronze, copper, polymer, and the surface in contact with the ice, has high purity roughness.

The execution of the drive device longitudinal movement of frozen water rod in the form of a ring with threads on the inner surface and a toothed drive rotation on the outer surface allows with minimal energy cost to provide the push of frozen water rod to release the device.

The use of stainless material, such as steel, bronze, copper, polymer surface in contact with the ice, as well as high purity roughness (smooth relative to the outer surface of the walls) for longitudinal walls of the vessel prevents corrosion, reduces the resistance from the friction of the frozen rod during movement through the vessel and ensures the stability of the temperature regime in the zone of freezing the water in the zone of transition of water from solid to liquid, which improves treatment quality and performance.

The essence and the gain is illustrated by a drawing.

It is a diagram of the operation of the water with the main structural elements of the device.

Water filter contains a longitudinal vessel 1 made of stainless material, such as steel, bronze, copper, polymer (polyethylene, Teflon, and others), with the surface in contact with the ice, as well as high purity roughness (smooth relative to the outer surface of the walls), in the zone of freezing water which has an annular freezer 2, there is mounted a driving device longitudinal movement of the frozen core 3 made in the form of a ring 4 thread 5 on the inner surface meshing with frozen rod 3 in the longitudinal vessel 1. The outer surface of the ring 4 has a gear drive rotation 6 (for example, through the reduction gearing with the motor). In the zone of displacement of the impurity is placed at the center of the frozen core 3 release device in the form of a pipe 7, which is at the entrance has a cutting edge in the form of the ring gear 8, and the output - expanding profile, which forms the outlet 9 to remove impurities in the form of brine to the sewer 10. In the transition zone of water from solid to liquid is circular heating element 11. To output the melt water has a socket 12, in front of which are container 13 to collect the finished product is of the CTA.

To supply water to the water filter use the construction of the device controllers 14.

The principle of operation of the device is in continuous production of melt water on the time and temperature scheme, repeating the process of melt water in nature. Too rapid freezing will not allow you to clear the water from harmful impurities, while too rapid thawing leads to disruption of the structure of melt water, which results in a property of biological activity will be reduced to zero.

Water, for example water, is fed into the vessel 1 through the ring of the freezing chamber 2 is frozen at a slow pace at which the gaps between the ice crystals are filled with new crystals, and the solution of salts and other harmful substances in the water (brine) can flow from intergranular spaces and concentrate in the Central part of the frozen core 3. While frozen the rod 3 by means of threads 5 on rotating around its axis (from gear drive rotation 6) ring 4 is continuously coming to the cutting part 8 of the tube 7, which is a mechanical separation of impurities in brine (type compacted snow) from pure ice. Due to the fact that the contact surfaces of the frozen rod 3 and the thread 5 is on the line (not a point, as in the prototype) provide a reliable displacement of the frozen rod along the axis of the vessel 1. The separated impurities from the outlet nozzle 9 enter drains 10. After the release of the frozen rod 3 from the Central part of it coming to the ring heating element 11, which allows the defrosting ice with the formation of active drinking water, having an ordered structure similar to the structure of melt water. The pipe 12, the melt water flows into tank 13. To supply the necessary quantity of water in water use controller 14.

Operating temperature of the freezing chamber 2 and the annular heating element 11 is set experimentally, depending on the overall size of the filter. With proper selection of the temperature regime freezing of water occurs with the formation of white color in the Central part of the rod 3, which is the main control parameter proper operation of the water. Due to the fact that the longitudinal wall of the vessel 1 is made of stainless material with high purity surface roughness in contact with ice, reduced resistance from friction frozen rod 3 when the movement of the vessel 1, the corrosion during operation and provides the specified stable temperature regime in the zone of freezing the water in the zone of transition of water from solid to liquid.

The percentage of the assy obtained melt water to the total mass of water is 50-70%, and the whole process from start download raw water and this water in the form of melt takes at least 12-18 hours. The performance of the proposed filter depends on its dimensions and is for volume 2-4 l 12 hours, for volumes 5-8 l - 24 hours.

The proposed construction of a water filter can improve performance due to the continuity of the process of obtaining melt water, to increase the degree of purification (2-4 times) avoid mixing of melt water with impurities (brine)that occurs when the cyclic production of melt water. In addition, when using water the process is fully controllable and, if necessary, may be regulated by temperature.

1. Water filter for receiving the melt drinking water, including consistently placed in the same longitudinal vessel area freezing the water with the ring freezer, the zone of displacement impurities from the ice front and the concentration of impurities in the brine, the transition zone of water from solid to liquid with ring heating element, separate connections for output impurities in brine and melt drinking water located in the lower part of the vessel, a drive unit moving the rod of the frozen water, and uncoupling device in the form of a tube of the cutting ring part, characterized in that the drive unit of the moving rod made of frozen water in the form of a ring with threads on the inner surface and a toothed drive rotation on the outer surface mounted for freezer.

2. The water purification device according to claim 1, wherein the longitudinal wall of the vessel is made of stainless material, such as steel, bronze, copper, polymer, and the surface in contact with the ice, has high purity roughness.



 

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18 cl, 3 ex

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EFFECT: enhanced electrochemical cell efficiency.

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