Device for manufacturing of plastic container with gas barrier, method for manufacturing of this container and container

FIELD: transportation; package.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises vacuum chamber for installation of plastic container, drain pump for gas pumping out of vacuum chamber, pipe for supply of initial gas. Pipe is made of heat insulated and heat resistant material and is installed so that it may be inserted inside container, in order to supply initial gas inside mentioned plastic container, and to be removed from it. Thermal catalyst is maintained on pipe for supply of initial gas. Source of heater supply for electricity delivery to thermal catalyst for heat generation. Invention provides for possibility to use one and the same vacuum chamber even when container shapes are different. Source of high-frequency energy is not necessary, and film may be created for multiple containers inside single vacuum chamber.

EFFECT: low cost of device.

21 cl, 18 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a plastic container for beverages, having barrier properties for gaseous oxygen and carbon dioxide, which is suitable for filling, for example, such content, as alcoholic drinks such as beer and the like, which are sensitive to oxidation from the point of view of quality and require limited emissions of carbon dioxide from the container walls, or soft drinks, which are sensitive to oxidation in the same way, and in particular relates to a plastic container having gatbering thin film formed by using the method of chemical deposition from the gas phase on at least the outer surface or the inner surface as gatbering layer to gaseous oxygen and carbon dioxide, which has a low cost and low mass and which has excellent impact resistance and recyclability for a secondary use, and its manufacturing method, and device for its manufacture.

Beer throughout Europe, used since ancient times and in recent years consume in large quantities as an alcoholic beverage population around the world. In recent years, beer has been brewed in large quantities on Breweries and after filling in small containers transported in the area of the pot is ellenia, store and sell. This beer not only requires the aroma preservation during transport and storage, but because it is easily oxidized and contains carbon dioxide, is used in containers with low permeability, such as glass bottles, aluminum cans and the like, until today.

Aluminum cans are light weight, have excellent recyclability for a secondary use, gazoballonnyj properties, impact strength and opacity, and have such advantages as beautiful appearance and such. Accordingly, they are the perfect containers as packing material for content that is easily oxidized, and is not oxidized, and recently their use as beer containers increases, occupying a major share. On the other hand, the source material is expensive, the manufacturing equipment, such as equipment for aluminum cans and filling equipment for content that requires krupnomasshtabnoi and high performance, requires a very large investment, and it can only respond to the mass production of low range. In addition, the aluminum material requires treatment for corrosion resistance, product price is high, and it is difficult to do large-size containers. Cu is IU, the review content is also an important concept for containers in grocery stores, but the contents are not visible through them. For the above reasons, aluminum cans are usually used mainly as small containers of one liter or less, which cannot be resealed.

Glass bottles, which are currently used in most large-scale production, have an excellent recyclability for a secondary use, gazoballonnyj properties, corrosion resistance and ability to re-sealing, also can match the production of low volume and high variety and have the advantage that the production can be done with relatively low cost product. However, compared to plastic containers, such as bottles made of polyethylene terephthalate (hereinafter referred to as "PET") and the like, or aluminum banks, they have serious disadvantages, such as the heavy mass of the container and a very low resistance. As counter-measures to take such counter-measures as the development of the thin walls of the bottle to reduce the weight, but since there is a limit, the effect is negligible. Accordingly, the market is in the process of gradual perejogina aluminum cans and PET bottles.

In addition, plastic containers transparent and light weight have excellent impact resistance and corrosion resistance, have a low cost product, require only a small investment in equipment and provide an excellent packaging material, corresponding to the production of low volume and high range. However gazoballonnyj properties are low, which is a problem that does not exist in aluminum cans and glass bottles. Namely, plastic containers have serious disadvantages in that their gazoballonnyj properties for gaseous oxygen and carbon dioxide and the like are low for containers with contents that are sensitive to oxidation from the point of view of quality and sensitive to the leakage of carbon dioxide gas, for example, such content as beer and the like. Measures to improve gazoballonnyj properties of these types of plastic containers have been proposed in a large number of publications in which layer applied resin as a structural material and a layer of resin with getbasename properties, making a multilayer plastic container having improved gazoballonnyj properties.

As for the previous methods of making multilayer plastic container, there are a large number of proposals, such to the to (1) a method of obtaining a direct blow (for example, see patent document 1), in which the rough shape is formed by extruding thermoplastic plastic (structural resin), such as PET or polypropylene (hereinafter referred to as "PP"), or the like, and resin with getbasename properties, such as saponified material (copolymer of ethylene and vinyl alcohol; hereinafter referred to as "SMS") ethylenevinylacetate copolymer, polyamide, grades, polyacrylonitrile or similar properties gazobalonnoj resin forming the intermediate layer, and then it is subjected to the moulding, (2) method, which causes gatbering resin, such as SAWS or similar, on the surface of the plastic container after molding (for example, see patent document 2), (3) and, as gazoballonnyj properties are reduced when SAWS applied as described above, absorbs moisture, to prevent this, the way in which the surface of such a resin with getbasename properties, namely the surface of the container, cover, using shrink film, coated with a hydrophobic resin (for example, see patent document 3) and the like. In addition, obtaining a multilayer plastic container, molded blown and hood, are able to maintain high product strength even in case of thin walls, considered to be the most advanced way (e.g. the measures see patent document 4). However, even in this method, compared with the previous single-layer plastic container for soft drinks multilayer plastic container has performance issues (molding cycle), the cost of molding machines such costs as maintenance moulding machines and moulds and the like, and has a problem with recyclability for secondary use. For these reasons, there is a desire highly functional, coated with a thin film, single layer PET bottles, which can be used moulding machine for PET bottles in normal use and which meets the required performance as a container of beer.

In recent years, the UPA (diamond-like carbon) film gets practical use as a single-layer thin film covering the PET bottles. This APU film is a film formed from an amorphous three-dimensional structure of carbon atoms and hydrogen atoms, is solid, has excellent insulating properties, has a high refractive index and is a hard carbon film having a very smooth morphology.

In the previous technique, there are examples where this type of technology education UPA films were applied to plastic containers (for example, see the patent document 5). Device for the formation of normal APU film described in patent document 5, is the following. Namely, as shown in Fig.9, the plastic container 5 is located inside the external electrode 2, located inside the reaction chamber 1, which has a nozzle 1A input carbon-containing gas and an outlet pipe 1B. In addition, after entering the carbon-containing gas from the pipe 1A input APU is formed on the inner surface of the plastic container 5 through the application of high frequency power from the high frequency power source 4 between the internal electrode 3 and the external electrode 2, raising the carbon-containing gas and generating plasma.

Patent document 1: Japanese laid patent application No. NE 5-185495.

Patent document 2: Japanese laid patent application No. S 60-251027.

Patent document 3: Japanese patent publication No. S 62-7060.

Patent document 4: Japanese laid patent application No. 2001-97342.

Patent document 5: Japanese patent No. 2788412.

The INVENTION

The PROBLEM SOLVED by this INVENTION

However, the device for formation of the above UPA films invariably require high-frequency energy source 4 and a high frequency matching unit power (number not shown) because the carbon-containing gas is decomposed by plasma and ionized, and then ions accelerated by an electric field, collide with the inner surface of the plastic container, forming a thin film, and therefore, there arises a problem that the cost of the device increases.

In addition, in the above-described device for the formation of the UPA films invariably require external electrode 2 and the internal electrode 3, the reaction chamber 1 is made up of the external electrode 2 and the internal electrode 3, is required for one of the plastic container, and the external electrode 2 must be manufactured to fit the shape of each container, and this leads to increased cost of forming UPA tape devices.

Further, with the above-described forming UPA film device during the formation of thin films plasma will damage the surface of a thin film as the thin film is easily broken, and the hydrogen content, which causes a decrease gazoballonnyj properties UPA films, large, and this makes it difficult to obtain gazoballonnyj properties more than 15-20 times.

Therefore, the present invention was developed to solve the above problems of the prior art. Namely, in the device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container of the present invention is to satisfy the condition to use the same vacuum Cham is, even when the shapes of the containers are different, the condition that the high frequency energy source is not necessary, and the condition that the film formation can be performed for a variety of containers within a single vacuum chamber to make the device inexpensive. Therefore, the task of the invention to provide a manufacturing device, which forms gatbering thin film on the inner surface of the plastic container, and a production device, which forms gatbering thin film on the outer surface of the plastic container. Further, in the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container of the present invention is the creation of gazobalonnoj thin film, which is not damaged by plasma on at least the inner or outer surface of the plastic container. In addition, in relation to gatbering plastic container of the present invention is to give it a durability that makes it difficult to crack, even when there is deformation or compression of the container, and gazoballonnyj properties against oxygen gas and carbon dioxide through the formation of hydrogen-rich SiNxthin film, or a hydrogen-containing UPA thin film, or a hydrogen-containing SIO, SISxthin film or wodorosoda the soup Si xNythin film with a predetermined film thickness and a given concentration of hydrogen, which is not damaged by plasma on at least the inner side or the outer side of the plastic container.

The authors of the present invention found that it is possible to solve the above problems, using the method of catalytic chemical vapor deposition from the gas phase, receiving gatbering thin film on the wall surface of the plastic container and performing the present invention. Namely, the first device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention includes a vacuum chamber containing a plastic container, and a discharge pump for pumping gas from the vacuum chamber, the pipe feeding the source gas of an insulating and heat resistant material, which is positioned so that may be inside the specified plastic container and leave to submit the source gas inside the specified plastic container, heat the catalyst, which is held on the pipe feeding the source gas, and the power source of the heater, which supplies electricity to the specified thermal catalyst, generating heat. The present manufacturing device is a device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container, in the cat the rum gazobetona thin film is formed on the inner surface of this container.

In the first device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention the specified pipe feeding the source gas preferably has formed with her for one whole (cumulative) cooling pipe for cooling the specified pipe for supplying the source gas. As the temperature of the pipe for supplying the source gas rises due to heat from thermal catalyst by cooling is possible to reduce thermal effect on the plastic container.

In the first device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention the specified pipe feeding the source gas is a ceramic tube made of material in which the aluminum nitride, silicon carbide, silicon nitride or aluminum oxide, which form the main component, or a metal pipe, the surface of which is coated with material in which aluminum nitride, silicon carbide, silicon nitride or aluminum oxide, which form the main component. This makes it possible to apply electricity sustainable way to heat the catalyst, adds durability and makes it possible to effectively dissipate heat by heat emitted thermal catalyst.

In the first device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention the specified supply pipe out the underwater gas preferably has a hole blowing gas at the end of the pipe, and the distance from said hole blowing gas to the bottom of the specified plastic container has a length of 5-30 mm, This improves the uniformity of the film thickness.

In the first device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention specified thermal catalyst preferably is located so that its upper end finds 10-30 mm below the lower end of the neck of the specified plastic container. This allows you to adjust the deformation of the shoulder portion of the plastic container.

In the first device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention the inner surface of the specified vacuum chamber preferably painted black or the inner surface has a surface roughness (Rmax) of 0.5 μm or higher, and cooling means is provided inside or outside the camera. Adjusting the reflection of the emitted light generated by thermal catalyst, it is possible to reduce thermal effect on the plastic container.

The first device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention preferably has a coolant container, which serve chilled liquid or gas on the outer surface of the specified plastic container. This helps to reduce thermal effect on the plastic container the er.

A second device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention includes a vacuum chamber containing a plastic container, and a discharge pump for pumping gas from the vacuum chamber, thermal catalyst, located on the periphery of the specified plastic container, a supply pipe source gas, supplying the source gas into the space outside of the specified plastic container inside the specified vacuum chamber, and the power source of the heater, which supplies electricity to the specified thermal catalyst, generating heat. The present production unit represents a special device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container in which gazobetona thin film is formed on the outer surface of this container.

In the second device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention specified thermal catalyst is preferably a multiple way in symmetrical positions relative to the main axis of the specified plastic container or coils in a spiral form on the main axis of the specified plastic container in the center, or coils relatively in parallel on many sections of the main axis of the specified plastic container. This improves odnorodnost the film thickness.

In the second device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention specified thermal catalysts are preferably located so that they are mutually separated by 5 cm or more. This facilitates obtaining a high production efficiency for chemical substances and uniformity of film thickness without the action of heat damage to the plastic container.

In the second device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention specified thermal catalyst is preferably positioned so that the distance to the outer surface of the plastic container is fixed. This improves the uniformity of the film thickness on the outer surface, including the bottom of the container.

A second device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention preferably has a coolant container, which serve chilled liquid or gas on the inner surface of the specified plastic container. This helps to reduce thermal effect on the plastic container.

In the first or second device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention specified thermal catalyst preferably is at least, at the output side vents blowing gas specified TRU is s for supplying the source gas. This allows you to effectively activate the source gas using a thermal catalyst.

In the first or second device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention the specified pipe feeding the source gas preferably is provided by a placement mechanism for placing within the specified thermal catalyst. For example, there are cases when chemical reactions take place between thermal catalyst and one part of a source gas at a time when there is the formation of the film, and in this case, when using this type of source gas, it is possible to prolong the service life of thermal catalyst.

In the first or second device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention specified thermal catalyst is preferably within the specified pipe for supplying the source gas. As the distance between thermal catalyst and the surface of the plastic container can be increased, it is possible to reduce thermal effect on the plastic container.

In the first or second device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention specified thermal catalyst preferably has a part in which the wire has a spiral shape, the shape of wavy lines or sigsa obrazow form. This allows you to increase the possibility of contact between the source gas and thermal catalyst, and, in consequence, increases the efficiency of the reaction.

In the first or second device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention specified thermal catalyst preferably is located along the direction of blowing the specified source gas. This allows you to increase the possibility of contact between the source gas and thermal catalyst, and, in consequence, increases the efficiency of the reaction.

The first method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention includes a process in which the inner part of the vacuum chamber, which accommodates a plastic container, is pumped to a specified pressure, and a process in which, while supported by the state, when power is supplied to thermal catalyst located within the specified vacuum chamber, generating heat above a predetermined temperature, the source gas is blown to the specified thermal catalyst for the decomposition of the specified source gas and the formation of chemical substances, while gazobetona thin film formed of these chemicals reaching the inner surface or the outer surface of the specified plastic container.

In the first method of manufacture is the service gatbering plastic container according to the invention, the blowing of the specified source gas preferably begins after shutdown rising temperature thermal catalyst is above a predetermined temperature. The specified preset temperature is determined according to the combination of the catalyst and the source gas and according to the characteristics of the formed thin film, but in the case where film formation performed using a tungsten catalyst and silicon gas, for example, the temperature of the tungsten catalyst install 1600°C or higher. From the beginning of the film forming is possible to create a sufficiently active reaction chemical thermal catalyst, and this facilitates obtaining a film having a high gazoballonnyj properties.

The second method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the invention provides a process in which after at least one of the spaces inside or outside of the plastic container located in the reaction chamber, filled with the source gas with a predetermined pressure, the supply of the specified source gas is stopped to stop the flow into and escaping gas at the specified reaction chamber, and a process in which, while supported by the state, when power is supplied to heat the catalyst, generating heat above a predetermined temperature, the catalyst is directed into the space filled with the specified source gas, for decompo is icii specified source gas and the formation of chemical substances, this gazobetona thin film is formed of the specified chemical substances, reaching at least the inner or outer surface of the specified plastic container. This manufacturing method is a method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container in which gazobetona thin film is formed on the outer surface of the container.

In gazobetona plastic container according to the invention containing SiNxthin film, a hydrogen-containing UPA thin film, hydrogen

SIO, SISxa thin film or a hydrogen-containing SixNya thin film is formed as gazobalonnoj thin film on at least the inner surface or the outer surface of the plastic container, and the said hydrogen-containing SiNxa thin film of a specified hydrogenous UPA thin film indicated hydrogen-containing SIO, SISxthin film or the specified hydrogenous SixNythin film has a thickness of 5-100 nm and a hydrogen content of 1 to 10 atomic %.

In the device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container of the present invention satisfies the condition that you use the same vacuum chamber, even when the shapes of the containers are different, the condition that the high-frequency history the nick of energy is not necessary, and the condition that the film formation can be performed for a variety of containers within a single vacuum chamber to make the device less expensive. In this connection, it is possible to form gatbering thin film on the inner surface or the outer surface of the plastic container. Further, in this method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container of the present invention allows to form gatbering thin film, which is not damaged by plasma on at least the inner surface or the outer surface of the plastic container. In addition, this getbasename plastic container of the present invention can give and durability that makes it difficult to crack, even when there is deformation or compression, and gazoballonnyj properties in relation to gaseous oxygen and gaseous carbon dioxide.

In the drawings:

Figure 1 - schematic view of a variant of execution of the device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation, where (a) represents the case when thermal catalyst has a linear form, (b) is the case where thermal catalyst has the shape of a spiral, and (C) is the case where thermal catalyst has the form of a zigzag line.

Figure 2-schematic view of another embodiment of an apparatus for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation, where (a) represents the case when thermal catalyst is inverted M-shaped, (b) is the case where thermal catalyst has the shape of a spiral, and (C) is the case where thermal catalyst has a linear zigzag shape.

Figure 3 - schematic view of a variant of execution of the device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the second variant implementation, where (a) represents the case when thermal catalyst has a linear shape, and (b) is the case where thermal catalyst has the shape of a spiral.

4 is a view of a variant in cross section along a-a'.

5 is a view of another embodiment in cross section along a-a'.

6 is a conceptual view of the device for manufacturing gazobalonnoj thin film on the inner surface of a variety of plastic containers at the same time.

7 is a conceptual view of the device for manufacturing gazobalonnoj thin film simultaneously on the outer surface of a variety of plastic containers.

Fig is a conceptual view of the device for manufacturing gazobalonnoj thin film simultaneously on the outer surface of many located in the line of plastic containers.

Fig.9 is a schematic view of a device for the formation of the UPA films of the previous state of the art.

Figure 10 - view of the other options, the Anta perform positional relation of thermal catalyst and a pipe for supplying the source gas.

11 is a conceptual view for describing the cooling medium container, where (a) represents the case where the film formation occurs on the inner surface of the plastic container, and (b) represents the case where the film formation occurs on the outer surface of the plastic container.

Fig. 12 is a view of another variant of implementation of the chamber forming a thin film on Fig.

The LIST of ITEMS

1, 12, reaction chamber,

1A, the connection of the input of carbon-containing gas,

1B, the drain pipe

2, the external electrode

3, the internal electrode

4, the high frequency energy source,

5, 11, plastic container,

6, 60, vacuum chamber,

8, the vacuum valve

13, 63, bottom chamber,

14, the o-ring seal,

15, 65, the upper chamber

16, 16A, 16b, 66, gas connection,

17, 17A, 17b, the channel of the source gas,

17th, h, hole blowing gas

18, thermal catalyst

19, the wiring,

20, the power source of the heater,

21, the neck of the plastic container,

22, Udachnaya trumpet,

23, 73, pipe feeding the source gas,

24A, 24b, 24C, flow control,

25A, 25b, 25C, 25d, 25e, 25f, valve,

26a, 26b, 79A, 79b, the connecting part,

27, the cooling water channel,

28, the inner surface of the vacuum chamber,

29, the cooling means,

30, the camera is transparent is on material

31, pipeline source gas,

32, the mechanism of rotation of the bottle,

33, 33a, 33b, the source gas,

34, chemicals,

35, the insulating ceramic element,

36, the insulating ceramic inner tube, provided with a telescopic mechanism,

40, the camera alignment bottles,

41, an exhaust chamber,

42, the chamber forming thin film,

43, Luggage release of the vacuum,

44, removal chamber,

50, the cooling liquid or gas,

51, the cooling means of the container

100, 200, 300, the device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container.

The present invention is described in detail below with reference to the preferred embodiments of, but is not limited to these options. Plasma VD device for the formation of a film according to real options implementation described with reference to figures 1 to 12, in which the same position is used for the same parts/pieces.

(The first version of the implementation: the formation of film on the inner surface of the container)

First will be described a device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation, which allows to form gatbering thin film on the inner surface of the container. Figure 1 is a schematic drawing, showing the th one variant of implementation of the apparatus for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation, where (a) represents the case when thermal catalyst has a linear form, (b) represents the case when thermal catalyst has the shape of a spiral, and (C) represents the case when thermal catalyst has a linear zigzag shape. However, figure 1 (b) and (C) are partial enlarged views of a pipe 23 to supply the source gas. In addition, unless otherwise noted, "figure 1" below means "1". The device 100 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container shown in figure 1 has a vacuum chamber 6 for accommodating the plastic container 11, a suction pump (not shown in the drawings), which pumps the vacuum chamber 6, the pipe 23 supply the source gas formed of an insulating and heat resistant material, which is arranged so that it can be inserted inside the plastic container 11 and to remove from him to give to the source gas inside the plastic container 11, thermal catalyst 18, which is held on the pipe 23 supply the source gas, and a source 20 of the power of the heater, which supplies electricity to heat thermal catalyst 18.

In the vacuum chamber 6, the space for placing the plastic container 11 is formed in its inner part, and this space forms a reaction chamber 12 for the formation of thin films. In Kuuma chamber 6 is composed of the lower chamber 13 and the upper chamber 15, which is installed so as to be freely connected and disconnected from the upper part of the lower chamber 13, and seals the inner part of the lower chamber 13 via the annular seal 14. In the upper chamber 15 has a mechanism for moving up and down, not shown in the drawings, and it moves up and down in accordance with the loading and unloading of the plastic container 11. The space inside the lower chamber 13 is made slightly larger than the external shape of the plastic container 11 placed in it. This plastic container 11 is a drinking bottle, but can be a container used for other purposes.

Inside the vacuum chamber 6 inside the lower chamber 13, preferably the inner surface 28 forms a black inner lining, or this inner surface has a surface roughness (Rmax) of 0.5 μm or above to prevent the reflection of light emitted respectively heating of thermal catalyst 18. Surface roughness (Rmax) is measured using a device for measuring surface roughness (DEKTAK3, produced ULVAC TECHNO (Ltd.)), for example. To make the inner surface 28 to form a black inner lining, there is a coating, such as coating with black Nickel coating or black chromium or the like, covering the processing is as chemical transformation, such as RAYDENT or getting black oxide or the like, or coloring the way in which put black paint. In addition, the cooling means 29, such as a cooling pipe through which flows the cooling water or the like, preferably is provided inside (not shown in the drawings) or outside (figure 1) vacuum chamber 6, to protect the lower chamber 13 from the temperature increase. The reason why in the vacuum chamber 6 of the lower chamber 13 is especially cool, is that when thermal catalyst 18 is introduced into the plastic container 11, thermal catalyst is placed in a space inside the lower chamber 13. Preventing the reflection of light and cooling the vacuum chamber 6, it is possible to regulate the growth temperature of the plastic container 11 and the resulting thermal deformation. In addition, when the camera 30, is made of a transparent material such as glass camera, for example, which can pass light radiation generated by thermal catalyst 18, fueled by electricity, is located inside the lower chamber 13, so that the temperature of the glass chamber in contact with the plastic container 11, grows slowly, you can further reduce thermal effect on the plastic container 11.

The pipe 23 supply the source gas is set so that the light of the AMB in the center of the inner ceiling surface of the upper chamber 15. The source gas flows into the pipe 23 supply the source gas through the flow control 24A-24C and the valves 25A-25d. The pipe 23 supply the source gas preferably has a cooling pipe formed integrally with it (in one piece). The design of this type of tube 23 supply the source gas is a structure of a double pipe, for example. In the pipe 23 supply the source gas to the inner pipe of the double pipe forms a channel 17 of the source gas, which has one end connected with the pipe 16 gas supply provided in the upper chamber 15 and the other end forms the 17th hole of the blowing gas. Thus, the source gas is injected from the hole to 17th blowing gas at the end of the channel 17 of the source of gas connected to the inlet 16 of the gas supply. On the other hand, the outer pipe of the double pipe is a channel 27 for the cooling water for cooling pipes 23 supply the source gas and acts as a pipe cooling. In addition, when thermal catalyst 18 is powered by electricity, generating heat, the temperature of the channel 17 of the source gas is growing. To prevent this, the cooling water circulates in the channel 27 of the cooling water. Namely, one end of the channel 27 of the cooling water, the cooling water is supplied from the means for supplying cooling water, not shown in the drawings, connected with the upper chamber 15, and at the same time, the cooling gap the surrounding water, which has finished cooling, returns to the means for supplying cooling water. On the other hand, the other end of the channel 27 of the cooling water is sealed near the 17th hole of the blowing gas, and here the cooling water turns and comes back. All pipe 23 supply the source gas is cooled by means of the channel 27 of the cooling water. Performing the cooling, it is possible to reduce thermal effect on the plastic container 11. Accordingly, the material of the pipe 23 supply the source gas is preferably an insulating material having high thermal conductivity. For example, it is preferably ceramic tube is formed from a material in which aluminum nitride, silicon carbide, silicon nitride or aluminum oxide is the main component, or a metal pipe, the surface of which is coated with material in which aluminum nitride, silicon carbide, silicon nitride or aluminum oxide is the main component. You can apply electricity to heat the catalyst constantly, he has a life, and you can leverage the efficiency of heat through conduction of heat generated by thermal catalyst.

The pipe 23 supply the source gas may be formed in another variant implementation, not shown in subsequent drawings. Namely, the pipe feeding the source gas which forms a double pipe, the outer tube forms the channel of the source gas, and a hole, preferably with a number of holes formed in the side wall of the outer tube. On the other hand, the inner tube of this double pipe this pipe for supplying the source gas is formed by a thin tube, which forms a channel through which cooling water flows. Thermal catalyst is wound along the side wall of the pipe for supplying the source gas and the source gas, which passes through holes provided in the side wall of the outer tube that comes in contact with a part of thermal catalyst along the side wall, and this allows you to efficiently create chemical substances.

If the 17th hole of the blowing gas is too far from the bottom of the plastic container 11, it is difficult to form a thin film on the inside of the plastic container 11. In a preferred embodiment, the length of the pipe 23 supply the source gas preferably is such that the distance L1 from the opening of the 17th blowing gas to the bottom of the plastic container 11 is 5-30 mm This improves the uniformity of the thin film. At a distance of 5-30 mm, it is possible to form a uniform thin film on the inner surface of the plastic container 11. If this distance is more than 30 mm, it becomes difficult to form a thin film on the bottom of the plastic container 11, and if RAS is a being less than 5 mm, it becomes difficult to inject the source gas. This fact can also be understood theoretically. In the case of a 500 ml container, the diameter of the body of the container is 6.4 cm, and on the basis of the average free path length λ=0,68/PA[cm] in the air at room temperature molecular flow is observed at a pressure of <0,106 PA, viscous flow occurs at a pressure of >10,6 PA and intermediate course occurs when 0,106 PA<a pressure of<10,6 PA. At a gas pressure of 5-100 PA during the film forming gas flow forms a viscous flow, and optimal conditions occur when the distance between the 17th hole blowing gas and the bottom of the plastic container 11.

thermal catalyst 18 promotes the decomposition of the source gas in a method of catalytic chemical vapor deposition. In the present embodiment, thermal catalyst 18 is preferably made from a material that includes one or two or more elements of metals selected from the group of C, W, Ta, Ti, Hf, V, Cr, Mo, Mn, Tc, Re, Fe, Ru, Os, Co, Rh, Ir, Ni, Pd and Pt. Having electric conductivity, it can itself generate heat by electricity. thermal catalyst 18 is formed in the form of wire, and one end of thermal catalyst 18 is connected with the connection part 26a which forms the connection point between thermal catalyst 18 and what elektroprovodnoi 19, provide pipe 23 of the filing of the original gas below a specified point in the upper chamber 15. In addition, it is supported by an insulating ceramic element 35 provided on the 17th hole of the blowing gas, which is the end part. Further, the other end of thermal catalyst 18 is wrapped and connected with the connecting part 26b. Thus, since thermal catalyst 18 is held along the side surface of the pipe 23 supply the source gas, it is about the main axis of the space inside the lower chamber 13. Figure 1(a) shows the case when thermal catalyst is located along the periphery of the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas parallel to the axis of the pipe 23 supply the source gas, but with the connection part 26a as a starting point it can nakativaetsa in a spiral form around the lateral surface of the pipe 23 supply the source gas, and then, after the insulating ceramics 35, fixed near the 17th hole of the blowing gas, he wrapped and returned to the connecting part 26b. Here, thermal catalyst 18 is fixed to the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas, clinging on insulating ceramics 35. Figure 1(a) shows the case when thermal catalyst is located near the 17th hole blowing gas pipe 23 supply the source gas to the outside of the hole the 17th vadouvan the I gas. Thus, as the source gas, resulting from the 17th hole of the blowing gas, easy to get in contact with thermal catalyst 18, the source gas can be effectively activated. Here, thermal catalyst 18 is preferably located slightly away from the side surface of the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas. This is done to deter the sudden rise in temperature of the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas. In addition, you can increase the possibility of contact between the source gas flowing from the openings 17th blowing gas and the source gas in the reaction chamber 12. The external diameter of the pipe 23 supply the source gas including thermal catalyst 18, must be less than the internal diameter of the neck 21 of the plastic container. This is because the pipe 23 supply the source gas including thermal catalyst 18 is inserted through the mouth 21 of the plastic container. Accordingly, when thermal catalyst 18 is separated more than necessary from the pipe surface 23 of the supply of the source gas, thermal catalyst 18 is lighter comes in contact with the neck 21 of the plastic container at the time when the pipe 23 supply the source gas is inserted through the mouth 21 of the plastic container. Acceptable, when the width of thermal catalyst 18 is greater than 10 mm, and less than the inner diameter of the neck 21) 6 is m, considering the shift position during insertion through the neck 21 of the plastic container. Here, the inner diameter of the neck 21 is approximately 21,7 of 39.8 mm

The maximum temperature at the time when thermal catalyst 18 is heated, preferably less than the temperature at which thermal catalyst is softened. The maximum temperature is different depending on the material of thermal catalyst, but preferably equal to 2100°C, when it is tungsten, for example. In addition, when thermal catalyst 18 is tungsten, the working temperature of thermal catalyst is preferably 1600-2100°C.

Further, thermal catalyst 18 preferably has a part in which the wire is made in the form of a spiral, as shown in figure 1(b), to increase the possibility of contact with the source gas. The spiral shape is not limited to a cylindrical shape and includes a conical shape, a barrel shape or a shape of an hourglass, and includes forms with irregular step, in which the step between the coils changes. In addition, it may have a part in which the wire is attached to the zigzag form, as shown in figure 1(C). Alternatively, he may have a part in which the wire moulded into the shape of a wavy line (not shown in the drawings). In any of the forms of thermal catalyst 18 is preferably located along the direction of flow of the source gas. Thus, the possibility for the source gas 33 to come into contact with thermal catalyst 18 is increased.

As for the method of fixation of thermal catalyst 18 in the pipe 23 to supply the source gas, the subsequent can be given as another variant implementation, not shown in the drawings. Namely, the pipe feeding the source gas is formed as a double pipe, where the outer tube is formed of a porous pipe having a porosity of 10-40%, which forms the channel of the source gas. Heat the catalyst may navigates directly around this porous outer tube. The stability of the fixation of thermal catalyst is improved, and, since the source gas is withdrawn from the hole of the blowing gas, and from the side wall of the outer tube, the efficiency of thermal contact with the catalyst increases. In this case, the inner pipe of the double pipe from the pipe for supplying the source gas is formed by a thin tube, which forms a channel through which cooling water flows.

Figure 10 shows another variant implementation of the relative positioning of thermal catalyst 18 and the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas. Figure 10 thermal catalyst 18 is located inside the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas. thermal catalyst 18 is located in two rows along the direction of the leakage source is Aza 33. Thus, the ability of the source gas 33 to come into contact with thermal catalyst 18 is increased. Further, since thermal catalyst is located inside the pipe for supplying the source gas, the distance between thermal catalyst and the surface of the plastic container can be made larger, and it allows you to adjust the appearance of thermal deformation of the plastic container. As shown in figure 10, thermal catalysts 18a, 18b are preferably arranged so that the respective wire portion facing in different directions. Figure 10 wire are in mutually different vertical and horizontal position. In addition, the shape of the section of pipe in the pipe 23 supply the source gas is square in figure 10, but it may be round, elliptical or rectangular. Next, if you do enter through the mouth of the plastic container to form a film on the inner surface of the plastic container, the pipe diameter should be smaller than the diameter of the neck. On the other hand, when the film is formed on the outer side of the plastic container, the diameter of the pipe preferably do more to increase the speed of the gas stream.

The power source 20 of the heater is connected with thermal catalyst 18 by means of the coupling Castella, 26b and the wiring 19. When the electricity supply to thermal catalyst 18 from the power source 20 of the heater of thermal catalyst 18 generates heat.

In addition, since the degree of stretching is relatively small during the time when the plastic container 11 is formed from the mouth 21 of the plastic container to the shoulder of the container, when thermal catalyst 18, which generates heat at a high temperature, and it is convenient, easy to deformation because of this heat. According to experiments, if the position of the connection parts 26a, 26b in the connection points with the wiring 19 and thermal catalyst 18 is separated not more than 10 mm from the lower end of the neck 21 of the plastic container of the shoulder of the plastic container 11 are subjected to thermal deformation, and if they are separated by more than 30 mm, it is difficult to form a thin film on the parts of the shoulder of the plastic container 11. For this reason, thermal catalyst 18 is preferably located so that its upper end is 10-30 mm below the lower end of the neck 21 of the plastic container. Namely, the distance L2 between the connecting portions 26a, 26b and the lower end cap 21 is preferably 10-30 mm, This allows you to adjust thermal deformation of the shoulder portion of the container.

In addition, Udachnaya Truba communicates with the space inside the upper chamber 15 through a vacuum valve 8, and the air reaction chamber 12 inside the vacuum chamber 6 is sucked off through the suction pump, not shown in the drawings.

Figure 2 is a schematic drawing showing another variant of implementation of the apparatus for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation, where (a) represents the case when thermal catalyst is inverted M-shaped, (b) represents the case when thermal catalyst has the shape of a spiral, and (C) represents the case when thermal catalyst has a linear zigzag shape. However, figure 2 (b) (C) are partial enlarged views of a pipe 23 to supply the source gas. In addition, unless specifically figure 2(a)is described below as "2". The device 200 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container shows a case where the pipe 23 supply the source gas is formed so that it has the structure of a triple pipes. Inner tube triple tube forms a channel 17A of the source gas through which the source gas 33a flows through the nozzle 16A of the gas supply. Wiring 19 is located along the edge of the inner surface or within or along the edge of the outer channel surface 17A of the source gas, which is an inner tube triple tube, so that the s to be parallel to its main axis. At the end of the channel 17A of the source gas is thermal catalyst 18, the output aperture edges 17th blowing the source gas in the regulations, which provides contact with the exhaust the source gas 33a. Namely, in the device 200 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container thermal catalyst 18 is not located on a side surface of the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas, and is located only at the output aperture edges 17th blowing gas. In addition, thermal catalyst 18 is connected with the connecting portions 26a, 26b provided at the end of the wiring 19. The average tube triple tube forms a channel 27 through which cooling water flows. The outer tube triple tube forms a channel 17b source gas, through which the source gas 33b flows through the outlet 16b of the source gas. This alternative implementation is adapted for the case when the source gases 33a, 33b, current respectively through the inner pipe and the outer pipe are different types of gases. The source gases 33a, 33b can be mixed together at the output aperture edges 17th blowing gas pipe 23 of the filing of the original gas. Triple tube preferably is formed of an insulating ceramic. Here, when one portion of the source gas undergoes a chemical reaction with thermal catalyst 18 below 1590°C, the device 200 and is for drinking, preparing gatbering plastic container helps prevent this chemical reaction. For example, in the case where thermal catalyst 18 is tungsten, and one portion of the source gas is tetrahedral silicon (silane), when the tungsten has a temperature below 1590°C, they will react, and the electrical resistance of thermal catalyst 18 end up in reduction. For this reason, to prevent contact between the source gas 33b and thermal catalyst 18 below 1590°C, the mechanism of the shelter of thermal catalyst 18 is preferably provided in the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas. Namely, to change the relative position of the inner tube, a middle tube and the outer tube relative to the axial direction of the triple pipe, allowing the tip of the inner tube, where is thermal catalyst 18 to get in and out of the middle tube and the outer tube, a telescopic mechanism for inner tubes or telescopic mechanism for the secondary pipe and the outer pipe is provided between the upper chamber 15 and a triple pipe. Telescopic mechanism may be a bellows, for example. Thus, the service life of thermal catalyst 18 may be extended. When the power is supplied to thermal catalyst 18, thermal catalyst 18 generates heat. After that, the inner tube triple tube extends. C is thermal catalyst 18, located at the end of the channel 17A of the source gas, protrudes from the inside of the pipe 23 supply the source gas, and thermal catalyst 18 is forced to contact simultaneously with both gases from the source of gas 33a and the source gas 33b. Even when thermal catalyst 18 reaches a high temperature, since the source gas 33b is a regenerating ammonia (NH3) gas, a chemical reaction does not proceed, even when the contact occurs.

In addition, thermal catalyst 18 preferably has a part in which the wire is made in the form of a twisted spiral, as shown in figure 2(b), to increase the possibility of contact with the source gas. The spiral shape is not limited to a cylindrical shape and includes a conical shape, a barrel shape or a shape of an hourglass, and includes forms with irregular step, in which the step between the coils changes. In addition, it may have a part in which the wire is attached to the zigzag form, as shown in figure 2(C). Alternatively, he may have a part in which the wire is made in the form of wavy lines (not shown in the drawings). In any of these forms of thermal catalyst 18 is preferably located along the direction of flow of the source gas. For example, multiple location of thermal catalyst 18 may be formed, or Ter is practical catalyst 18 can be given as a vector component in the direction of flow of the source gas. Thus, the ability to source gas to come into contact with thermal catalyst 18 is increased.

In addition, when a thin APA film, for example in the case when the source gas is a source gas formed of hydrogen and carbon, such as gaseous methane or other gaseous acetylene, thermal catalyst 18 will not enter into a chemical reaction with the source gas. In this case, in the manufacturing device in figure 2, thermal catalyst 18 may be fixed in a state where it is placed inside the pipe 23 supply the source gas, or thermal catalyst 18 may be fixed in a state where it protrudes from the pipe 23 to the supply of the source gas, without providing a telescopic mechanism.

The container according to the invention includes a container that uses a cap or plug, or sealed, or container used in the open state, which does not use them. The size of the hole is determined in accordance with the content. A plastic container includes a plastic container having moderate hardness and a certain thickness, and a plastic container formed from sheet material, which has no stiffness. The substance which fills a plastic container according to the invention, can be a drink, so ka is a carbonated drink or fruit juice or soft drink, or the like. In addition, the container can either be returned by the container or disposable container.

The resin used in the molding of the plastic container 11 of the present invention may be polyethylene terephthalate (PET) resin, polybutyleneterephthalate resin, polyethylenterephtalate resin, polyethylene resin, polypropylene (PP) resin, resin cycloolefin copolymer (CSO, the copolymer annular olefin), ionomer resin, resin poly-4-methylpentene-1, polymetylmetacrylate resin, polystyrene resin, copolymer resin of ethylene-vinyl alcohol, Acrylonitrile resin, polyvinylchloride resin, polyvinylidenechloride resin, polyamide resin, polyamide-kidney resin, polyacetale resin, polycarbonate resin, polysulfone resin or ethyleneterephthalate resin, Acrylonitrile-styrene resin, Acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene resin. Among them, PET is particularly preferred.

In the device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation of the source gas suitable way to choose among well-known source gases used way VD, in accordance with the type of the target gazobalonnoj thin film. As the device for manufacturing gatbering layer is of a new container and a method of manufacturing a container according to the invention can form various thin films, such as inorganic film, the organic film and the like, the conceptual area of the production device and production method should not be understood based on the type of source gas.

The source gas for the carbon thin film may be gaseous alkanol, such as methane, ethane, propane, butane, pentane, hexane or the like, gaseous alkene, such as ethylene, propylene, butylene or the like, gaseous alkadienes, such as butadiene, pentadiene or similar gaseous Alcina, such as acetylene, methylacetylene or similar gaseous aromatic hydrocarbon such as benzene, toluene, xylene, inden, naphthalene, phenanthrene or the like, gaseous cycloalkanes, such as cyclopropane, cyclohexane or the like, gaseous cycloalkenes, such as cyclopentene, cyclohexen or similar gaseous alcohol, such as methanol, ethanol or the like, gaseous ketone, such as acetone, methyl ethyl ketone or the like, or gaseous aldehyde, such as formaldehyde, acetaldehyde or the like, for example.

The source gas for the silicon thin film may be a dimethoxy(methyl)silane, ethoxydiglycol, dimethoxydimethylsilane, trimethoxyoctylsilane, tetramethoxysilane, tetramethylsilane was, dimethoxymethylsilane, ethoxytrimethylsilane is h, diethoxymethylsilane, amoxicillinsee, allyltrimethylsilane, diethoxydimethylsilane, trilaterale, hexamethyldisiloxane, hexamethyldisilane, diethoxymethylsilane, triethoxyoctylsilane, triethoxysilane, bis(trimethylsilyl)acetylene, tetraethoxysilane, trimethoxyvinylsilane, ν-glycidoxypropyl(dimethoxy)methylsilane, ν-glycidoxypropyl(trimetoksi)methylsilane, ν-methacryloxypropyl(dimethoxy)methylsilane, methacryloxypropyl(trimetoksi)methylsilane, dihydroxydiphenylsulfone, diphenylsilane, triethoxysilane, tetraisopropoxide, dimethoxydimethylsilane, diethoxydimethylsilane, Tetra-n-butoxysilane, tetrafunctional or poly(metalloproteinase), for example.

Among them, the source gas for Si-C-N thin films can be aminocinnamate connection, such as tetracyclineresistant, tridimensionnelle, bidimension or the like, for example.

The source gas for Si-C thin films can be alkylsilane connection, such as dimethylsilane, monomethyltin, trimethylsilane, tetramethylsilane was, monoethylene, diethylsilane, triethylsilane, tetraethylsilane or the like, for example.

The source gas for Si-O-C thin films can be allostraminea cadinene, such as tetraethoxysilane, dimethyldiethoxysilane, dimethylpentanenitrile or similar.

These source gases m which may be used individually or in combination, forming a hydrogen-containing SiNxthin film, a hydrogen-containing UPA thin film containing SIO, SISxthin film or a hydrogen-containing SixNythin films as gazobalonnoj thin film.

In addition, you can improve the quality gazobalonnoj thin film by introducing a gas, such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, water vapor, ammonia or CF4that is not polymerized, but participates in chemical reactions in the source gas in the reaction chamber 12, where the heat generating thermal catalyst 18. For example, when formed nitroglicerina thin film, silane, ammonia and hydrogen unite, forming source gas.

The source gas and the dilution gas can be mixed together. For example, an inert gas, such as argon or helium, or the like, is not active in chemical reactions during the formation of the film and can be used to adjust the concentration of the source gas and adjusting the pressure inside the vacuum chamber.

(The second variant implementation of: forming a film on the outer surface of the container)

Next, description will be given of a device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the second variant implementation, which allows to form gatbering thin film on the outer surface of the container is. Figure 3 is a schematic drawing showing one implementation of an apparatus for manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the second variant implementation, where (a) represents the case when thermal catalyst has a linear shape, and (b) represents the case when thermal catalyst has the shape of a spiral. However, figure 3 is a schematic drawing of thermal catalyst. In addition, if it is not given a clear indication, "figure 3(a)below is described as "3". The device 300 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container, shown in figure 3, has a vacuum chamber 60 for placing the plastic container 11, a suction pump (not shown in the drawings), which pumps out a vacuum chamber 60, thermal catalyst 18, which is located on the periphery of the plastic container 11, the conduit 31 source gas, which feeds the source gas into the space outside of the plastic container 11 in the vacuum chamber 60, and the power source 20 of the heater, which supplies electricity to heat thermal catalyst 18. In the device 300 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container neck of the plastic container 11 is fixed by means of the mechanism 32 of rotation of the bottle, and the plastic container 11 is located that is, the bottom does not touch the inner part of the vacuum chamber 60.

In the vacuum chamber 60, the space for placing the plastic container 11 is inside, and this space forms a reaction chamber 12 to form a thin film. The vacuum chamber 60 comprises a lower chamber 63 and the upper chamber 65, which is mounted so as to be freely connected and disconnected from the lower chamber 63, and seals the inner part of the lower chamber 63 through the annular seal 14. In the upper chamber 65 has a mechanism for moving up and down, not shown in the drawings, and it moves up and down, respectively loading and unloading of the plastic container 11. The space inside the lower chamber 63 is made larger than the external shape of the plastic container 11 to allow thermal catalyst 18 to be located on the periphery of the hosted plastic container 11.

One end of thermal catalyst 18 is connected with the connecting part 79A, which is a connecting point between the wiring 19 and thermal catalyst 18. In addition, in the manufacturing device of figure 3 with the connecting part 79A as a starting point, thermal catalyst 18 is linearly from the side surface inside the lower chamber 63 through the lower surface to the front side p of the surface, turns away from her and is again linearly to the front side surface, bottom surface and inner side surface and the other end connected with the connecting part 79b. To show the relative location of thermal catalyst 18 and the plastic container 11 at this point, a view in cross section taken along a-a'shown in figure 4. thermal catalyst 18 and the plastic container 11 are arranged with equal intervals to the left and to the right in the drawing. thermal catalyst 18 is positioned so that the distance to the outer surface of the plastic container 11 becomes constant. This improves the uniformity of the film thickness on the outer surface, including the bottom of the container. In addition, two or more thermal catalyst 18 can be located. In this case, thermal catalyst 18 is preferably of the multiple ways in a centrally symmetric positions relative to the main axis of the plastic container. To show the relative location of thermal catalyst 18 and the plastic container 11 when you put two thermal catalyst 18, a view in cross section taken along a-a'shown in figure 5. thermal catalyst 18 and the plastic container 11 are arranged with equal intervals from the top, bottom, left and right in the drawing. In any of the cases, shown in figure 4 or figure 5, when performing the formation of a film as the plastic container 11 is rotated around the main axis in the center of the mechanism 32 of rotation of the bottle, it is possible to improve the uniformity of film formation. In particular, in the case of figure 4, because there is one thermal catalyst, the effect of improving the uniformity of film forming is high. Although not shown in the drawings, in another variant implementation of the location of thermal catalyst 18, there is an implementation option, in which it is wound in spiral form around the periphery of the plastic container 11 with the main axis of the plastic container 11 in the center, or there is an implementation option, in which many circular thermal catalysts are located in parallel, being respectively wound in parallel on many sections of the main axis of the plastic container 11. In any embodiment, it is possible to improve uniformity of the film thickness. Of course, in this embodiment, too, the film formation can be performed while rotating the plastic container 11 with the main axis in the center of the mechanism 32 of rotation of the bottle. In the case when there is a multiple arrangement of thermal catalyst 18, they preferably are arranged separately from each other by 5 cm or more. This facilitates obtaining a high efficiency of formation of chemical substances and uniformity of film thickness without the action of heat damage to the plastic container. The material of thermal catalyst 18 may be the same as the material in the first embodiment.

In addition, thermal catalyst 18 preferably has a part in which the wire is made in the form of a spiral, as shown in figure 3(b), to increase the possibility of contact with the source gas. The spiral shape is not limited to a cylindrical shape and includes a conical shape, a barrel shape or a shape of an hourglass, and includes forms with irregular step, in which the step between the coils changes. In addition, it may have a part in which the wire is attached to the zigzag shape (not shown). Alternatively, he may have a part in which the wire moulded into the shape of a wavy line (not shown in the drawings). In any of these forms of thermal catalyst 18 is preferably located along the direction of flow of the source gas. For example, multiple location of thermal catalyst 18 can take place, or thermal catalyst 18 can be given a vector component in the direction of flow of the source gas. Thus, the ability to source gas to come into contact with the heat rolled what ATOR 18 increases.

One end of the pipe 31, the source gas is connected to the pipe 66 gas supply provided in the lower surface of the lower chamber 63. Pipe 73 supply the source gas is attached to the other end of the pipe 31 of the source gas and the intermediate branch. Figure 3 provides a set of pipes 73 supply the source gas, and each has a hole h blowing gas provided at its end. The source gas 33 flows in a pipe 73 to supply the source gas through the line 31 to supply the source gas, the nozzle 66 gas supply, flow Adjusters 24A-24C and the valves 25A-25d. Thus, the source gas 33 flows out of the holes h blowing gas. All holes h blowing gas toward the outer surface of the plastic container 11, and the source gas may blow at any place of its outer surface. Further, thermal catalyst 18 is located at the output sides of the holes h blowing gas. Thus, as the contact between thermal catalyst 18 and the source gas occurs frequently, you can increase the release of chemical substances.

Pipe 73 supply the source gas is the only pipe made of metal. It can be made in the form of a double pipe, to supply cooling water as in the case of the first variant implementation. In addition, it can be made in the form of a ceramic tube which is the metallic pipe, in which the surface of the ceramic material is applied as in the case of the first variant implementation.

The length of the pipe 73 supply the source gas preferably made such that the distance L3 from the hole h blowing gas to the outer surface of the plastic container 11 is 5-30 mm At a distance of 5-30 mm, it is possible to obtain a uniform thin film on the outer surface of the plastic container 11. If this distance is greater than 30 mm, it becomes difficult to form a thin film on the outer surface of the plastic container 11, and if the distance is less than 5 mm, it becomes difficult to blow a source gas.

As another variant implementation of the relative positioning of thermal catalyst 18 and the pipe 73 supply the source gas to heat the catalyst may be located inside the pipe for supplying the source gas as well as in the case of figure 10, for example. In this case, if the internal diameter of the pipe for supplying the source gas is made of more than 10 mm, for example, the uniformity of the film will be improved. Providing contact the source gas with thermal catalyst inside the pipe for supplying the source gas, it is possible to blow the chemical substances from the pipe for supplying the source gas. Since thermal catalyst is located inside the pipe for supplying the source gas, the distance is between their thermal catalyst and the surface of the plastic container, you can do more and it allows you to adjust the appearance of thermal deformation of the plastic container.

In order to prevent thermal deformation of the plastic container 11, the tool 29 cooling, such as a cooling pipe through which flows cooling water or similar environment, preferably provide inside or outside the vacuum chamber 60, protecting the lower chamber 63 from the high temperature.

The power source 20 of the heater is connected with thermal catalyst 18 by means of connecting elements 79A, 79b and the wiring 19. By applying electricity to thermal catalyst 18 from the power source 20 of the heater of thermal catalyst 18 generates heat. In the present embodiment, the maximum temperature at the time when thermal catalyst 18 is heated, preferably less than the temperature at which thermal catalyst is softened. In addition, when thermal catalyst 18 is tungsten, the operating temperature of thermal catalyst preferably do 1600-2100°C.

Next, Udachnaya pipe 22 communicates with the space inside the upper chamber 65 through the vacuum valve 8 and the air reaction chamber 12 inside the vacuum chamber 60 is pumped through the suction pump, not shown in the drawings.

Also in the second variations is the implementation in another variant implementation, in order to adjust thermal reaction between the catalyst and the source gas below 1590°C, structure of triple pipes, the same as the structure of the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas in figure 2 the first version of the implementation, can be used for pipe 73 supply the source gas, and the placement mechanism, which places thermal catalyst 18 may be provided inside the tube 73 of the filing of the original gas. In this case, since thermal catalyst 18 is located only at the output side of the hole h blowing gas pipe 73 supply the source gas, the set point of thermal catalyst is located on the periphery of the plastic container 11.

In the second embodiment, the substance of the source gas and resin type plastic container are the same as in the case of the first variant implementation.

In the manufacturing device of the first variant of implementation, and the second variant implementation, since thermal catalyst can decompose the source gas immediately upon passage of electric current, it is possible to form gatbering a thin film on a large number of plastic containers at the same time, if the set of thermal catalysts prepared. 6 is a conceptual drawing for education gazobalonnoj thin film simultaneously on the domestic is it the surface of a variety of plastic containers. Figure 6 a large number of plastic containers 11 have and build inside one of the lower chamber 13, thermal catalyst 18 and the pipe 23 supply the source gas, the same as in figure 1, is inserted into the neck of each of the plastic container 11 and form gatbering thin film. Further, 7 is a conceptual drawing for education gazobalonnoj thin film simultaneously on the outer surface of a variety of plastic containers 11. 7 a large number of plastic containers 11 have and build inside one of the lower chamber 63, thermal catalyst 18 have, respectively, around the periphery of each of the plastic container 11, and then the source gas from the pipe 73 of the filing of the original gas in contact with thermal catalyst 18, emerging on the plastic container 11. The neck is fixed mechanism 32 of rotation of the bottle, and a thin film is formed on the outer surface, while the plastic container 11 is rotated. Next, Fig is a conceptual drawing for education gazobalonnoj thin film simultaneously on the outer surface of the many production of plastic containers 11. On Fig plastic containers moving through the pipeline into the chamber 40 of the alignment of the bottles, the exhaust chamber 41, the camera 42 forming thin film, the camera 43 OS is obozrenie vacuum and the camera 44 remove in this order. In the chamber 42 of the formation of a thin film thermal catalyst 18 is located along a side wall of the chamber. In the chamber 42 of the formation of a thin film, the source gas flows in the direction of thermal catalyst 18, the interior of the chamber is filled with chemical substances formed by the decomposition of the source gas, and the film formation is carried out, when the plastic container 11 pass through the chamber 42 of the formation of a thin film. In the manufacturing device of the first variant of implementation, and the second variant implementation, you can apply the same vacuum chamber, even when the shapes of the containers are different, there is no need to supply high-frequency energy, and film formation can be performed on multiple containers within a single vacuum chamber. Thus, the device becomes cheaper than a device for forming a film using a source of high frequency energy.

In the manufacturing device of the first variant of implementation, and the second variant of realization for the reason that plastic container 11 is easily subjected to thermal deformation, because the source gas 33 is a hot gas, preferably provides a means of cooling the container. 11 is a conceptual drawing for describing the cooling medium to the of the container, where (a) represents a case where film formation occurs on the inner surface of the plastic container, and (b) represents a case where film formation occurs on the outer surface of the plastic container. As shown in figure 11(a), the device of the first variant of implementation, in which the source gas 33, which is a hot gas flowing inside of the plastic container 11, preferably has means 51 of the cooling container that supplies a cooling liquid or gas 50 on the outer surface of the plastic container 11. The tool 51 of the cooling container is a water tank when the plastic container 11 is lowered into the liquid, such as water or the like, and shower when plastic containers 11 are irrigated with liquid, such as water or the like. In addition, it is obdurately, when a gas such as cooled gaseous nitrogen or cold gaseous carbon dioxide, or the like, blown onto the plastic container 11. The cooled gaseous nitrogen IDN cooled gaseous carbon dioxide can be easily obtained using liquid nitrogen or dry ice, respectively. As shown in figure 11(b), the device of the second variant of implementation, in which the source gas 33, which is a hot gas flows out in the direction the attachment of the external surface of the plastic container 11, preferably has means 51 of the cooling container, which serve chilled liquid or gas 50 on the inner surface of the plastic container 11. The tool 51 of the cooling container is a device filled with liquid when the plastic container 11 is filled with liquid, such as water or the like, and Abduvali when gas, such as chilled nitrogen gas go chilled gaseous carbon dioxide, or the like, blown onto the inner surface of the plastic container 11.

Another variant implementation of the camera 42 forming thin films on Fig shown in Fig. Pipe 23 supply the source gas and the means 51 of the cooling container are arranged alternately on the side wall of the chamber 42 of the formation of a thin film along the direction of movement of the plastic container 11. Plastic containers 11 are moving along a conveyor (not shown in the drawings) and rotate. Here the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas uses the type shown in figure 10. The tool 51 of the cooling container uses the type that blows the cooled gaseous nitrogen. When plastic containers 11, rotating, moving through the pipeline, the source gas, activated by thermal catalyst flows from the pipe 23 to the supply of the source gas, and then cooled nitrogen gas flowed with POM is by means 51 of the cooling container, and this is done alternately. At this time, the formation of thin films.

Now with reference to figure 1 will be described the method for the case when the hydrogen-containing SiNxa thin film is formed as gazobalonnoj thin film on the inner surface of the plastic container 11 using the device 100 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container. The plastic container 11 is a round 500 ml PET bottle. The wall thickness of the container is about 0.3 mm, the Method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation of the method is a method of manufacture in which gazobetona thin film is formed by flowing the source gas 33 of the plastic container 11. Namely, the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation contains a process in which the inner part of the vacuum chamber 6, which accommodates the plastic container 11, is pumped to the formation of the predetermined pressure, and a process in which, while maintaining the state where the power is supplied to thermal catalyst 18, located inside the vacuum chamber 6, to generate heat above a predetermined temperature, the source gas 33 flows to thermal catalyst 18 with the decomposition of the source gas 33 and education is the Finance chemicals 34, this gazobetona thin film is formed by chemical substances 34, responsive to the outer surface of the plastic container 11.

(Loading containers in plasma VD film-forming device)

First, open the valve (not shown in the drawings)to open the inner part of the vacuum chamber to the atmosphere. In a state where the upper chamber 15 is removed, the plastic container 11 is inserted through the top opening of the lower chamber 13 and is placed in the reaction chamber 12. Then set the upper chamber is lowered, and the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas and attached to thermal catalyst 18 located in the upper chamber 15, is inserted inside the plastic container 11 through the mouth 21 of the plastic container. Then, by connecting the upper chamber with the lower chamber 13 via the annular seal 14, the reaction chamber 12 forms a tight space. At this point, the gap between the inner surface of the wall of the lower chamber 13 and the outer surface of the wall of the plastic container 11 is maintained approximately uniform, and the gap between the inner surface of the wall of the plastic container 11 and thermal catalyst 18 is also saved approximately uniform.

(Operation pressure)

Then, after closing the valve (not shown in the drawings), Vostochnoi reaction chamber 12 is pumped through operating the suction pump (not shown in the drawings) and opening the vacuum valve 8. At this point, not only the space inside the plastic container 11, but also the space between the outer surface of the wall of the plastic container 11 and the inner surface wall of the lower chamber 13 is pumped out, creating a vacuum. Namely, the entire reaction chamber 12 is pumped out. Then the inner part of the reaction chamber 12 is subjected to reduced pressure until the desired pressure, for example 1-100 PA, will not be achieved. In this regard, if the pressure is less than 1 PA, pumping will require too much time and cost of forming thin film increases. Further, if the selected pressure is higher than 100 PA, will be a lot of impurities inside the plastic container 11, and it will be impossible to get a container with high barrier properties.

(The supply of electricity to heat the catalyst and the introduction of the source gas)

The electricity is then served on thermal catalyst, generating heat at a given temperature, for example 1700°C. Then, the source gas 33, such as ammonia (NH3), silane (Si4), hydrogen (H2) and the like, is fed into the pipe 23 supply the source gas from the controllers 24A-24C gas flow, and the source gas 33 is blown in the direction of thermal catalyst 18 is heated to 1700°C, from the 17th hole of the blowing of the gas inside the plastic container that is subjected to reduced pressure to a specified what Alenia. The feed rate of the source gas is 100 cm3/min for ammonia, 3 cm3/min of silane and 50 cm3/min for hydrogen gas, for example, and the pressure inside the plastic container 11 to adjust 10-30 PA using this source of gas. After the growth temperature of thermal catalyst 18 above 1600°C, thus, ends, preferably begin blowing the source gas. With the beginning of the film forming can be obtained chemicals, sufficiently activated thermal catalyst 18, and this facilitates obtaining a film having a high gazoballonnyj properties.

(Film formation)

When the source gas 33 comes into contact with thermal catalyst 18, formed a characteristic chemical substances 34. Given the thin film is deposited from these chemicals 34, responsive to the inner wall of the plastic container 11. The reaction of monosilane on the surface of thermal catalyst 18 and its periphery shown in equations 1 and 2.

(Equation 1) SiH4→Si*+4H*

(Equation 2) SiH4+H*→SiH3*+H2

SiH3* refers to main precipitable substances. In addition, the main reaction of ammonia as shown in equation 3.

(Equation 3) NH3→NH2*+N*

NH2* refers to main precipitable substances. In addition, the main reaction is odorata shown in equation 4.

(Equation 4) H2→2H*

It is believed that N* used to participate in the major gas-phase reactions and surface reactions of the deposition material. N* is generated even without the use of hydrogen as material gas, but, passing gaseous hydrogen as material gas to the reaction chamber 12, it is possible to generate N* in large quantities, and this has an effect on the acceleration of reactions. Next SiH3* and NH3* undergo reactions in accordance with the mainly thermal energy deposition material, thermal energy deposited substances and the presence of contributing to the reaction components, such as H* and the like, the surface of the deposition material, and is thought to form a film of silicon nitride, as shown by equation 5. In the above description, the symbol * means a radical state.

(Equation 5) SiH3*+NH2*→SiNx

In this method of manufacturing in the chemical reaction shown by equation 5, the hydrogen in a given atomic concentration is captured by SiNxand forms a hydrogen-rich SiNxa thin film.

In the catalytic method of chemical deposition from the gas phase adhesion between the plastic container 11 and gazobalonnoj thin film is very good. When hydrogen gas is introduced through the channel 17 of the source gas,hydrogen gas is activated by the catalytic decomposition reaction by thermal catalyst 18, and can be cleaned up through the use of these active substances for the removal of the natural oxidized film surface of the plastic container 11. Namely, the activated hydrogen H* reacts with O (oxygen) surface of the plastic container 11, and removes this O (oxygen). Further, O (oxygen) and N* react, forming N2Oh, and cleaning is carried out by evacuation of the reaction chamber 12 to otkachnoj pipe 22.

When gaseous NH3you enter from the channel 17 of the source gas, is a surface process in which the surface of the plastic container 11 is reformed and stabilized active substances generated by the reaction of catalytic decomposition on thermal catalyst 18. Namely, when activated NH2* reaches the surface of the plastic container 11 in the same way, reaction with O (oxygen) surface of the plastic container 11, and is clean.

(Completion of the film forming)

When a thin film reaches a predetermined thickness, the supply of the source gas 33 is stopped, and then the inner part of the reaction chamber 12 is again pumped, injected notcause gas, not shown in the drawings, and the reaction chamber 12 is set at atmospheric pressure. Then the upper chamber 15 is opened, and was removed to the nice plastic container 11. The film thickness of this thin film depends on the type of thermal catalyst 18, the pressure of the source gas inside the plastic container 11, the flow rate of the source gas, the duration of flow time of the source gas on thermal catalyst 18, the type of the source gas and the like, but it is believed that 5-100 nm are preferred to optimize the combined effect of the regulation of the absorption of compounds with low molecular weight and the effect of improving gazoballonnyj properties, adhesion to a plastic container, durability and transparency, and the like. In addition, it is believed that the amount of hydrogen content in the obtained hydrogen-containing SiNxthin film, measured using SOR (backscattering spectrometry Rutherford), preferably has a hydrogen content of 1 to 10 atomic %. In this case, the measured oxygen permeability of the container, and the oxygen permeability was 0,0010 cm3/container/day. The evaluation method is as follows.

(Evaluation method)

(1) Oxygen permeability

The oxygen permeability of the container was measured under conditions of 23°C. and 90% RL using Oxtran 2/20 manufactured by Modern Control Company, and record the measured value after 20 hours from the beginning of the substitution of nitrogen gas.

(2) the film Thickness

The thickness of the UPA film was measured, use the I DEKTAK3, manufactured by ULVAC TECHNO (Ltd.).

It is believed that if the thickness of the film containing SiNxa thin film of less than 5 nm, the oxygen permeability becomes high, and gazoballonnyj properties will decrease, and if it exceeds 100 nm, the cracks will easily penetrate into the film. In addition, it is believed that if the content of hydrogen in the hydrogen-containing SiNxa thin film is less than 1 atomic %, the film becomes hard and will be easy to crack and become brittle. It is believed that if the hydrogen content exceeds 10 atomic %, oxygen permeability becomes high, and gazoballonnyj properties will be reduced. On the basis of these facts in a plastic container that has gazoballonnyj properties form a hydrogen-rich SiNxa thin film as gazobalonnoj thin film on the surface of the plastic container, and the hydrogen-containing SiNxthin film has a thickness of 5-100 nm, preferably 10-50 nm, and the hydrogen content of 1 to 10 atomic %, and preferably 3-6 atomic %. In addition, this plastic container that has gazoballonnyj properties, can fully regulate the absorption of compounds with low molecular weight, such as odor components and the like, can be used as a packaging container in wide areas and can be used as sursaeva container. Moreover, when a thin film is formed on the inner surface of the plastic container, there is no risk that the formed thin film will be damaged during handling of the plastic container. In addition, in the formation of a thin film, there is no loss of transparency, which has a plastic container.

Now, with reference to figure 3, will be described the method for the case when the hydrogen-containing SiNxa thin film form as gazobalonnoj thin film on the outer surface of the plastic container 11 using the device 300 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container. The plastic container 11 is a round 500 ml PET bottle. The wall thickness of the container is about 0.3 mm, the Method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the second variant implementation of the method is a method of manufacture in which gazobetona thin film is formed by letting the source gas 33 on the plastic container 11. Namely, the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the second variant implementation contains a process in which the inner part of the vacuum chamber 60, which accommodates the plastic container 11, is pumped up to a given pressure, and a process in which, while maintaining the state, to the Yes the power is supplied to thermal catalyst 18, located inside the vacuum chamber 60, to generate heat above a predetermined temperature, the source gas 33 is blown on thermal catalyst 18 to decompose the source gas 33 and the formation of chemical substances 34, while gazobetona thin film formed from the chemical substances 34, responsive to the outer surface of the plastic container.

(Loading containers in plasma VD film-forming device)

First, open the valve (not shown in the drawings)to open the inner part of the vacuum chamber 60 to the atmosphere. In a state where the upper chamber 65 is removed, the plastic container 11 is inserted into the mechanism 32 of rotation of the bottle in the reaction chamber 12. Then set the upper chamber 65 is lowered to the lower chamber 63, and the hole h blowing gas pipe 73 supply the source gas provided in the lower chamber 63 facing the outer surface of the plastic container 11. At this time, thermal catalyst 18 is located on the periphery of the plastic container 11. Then, by connecting the upper chamber 65 with the lower chamber 63 through the annular seal 14, the reaction chamber 12 forms a tight space. At this point, the gap between the inner surface of the wall of the lower chamber 63 and the outer surface of the wall of the plastic container 11 is maintained approximately ravnomerno is m, and the gap between the outer surface of the wall of the plastic container 11 and thermal catalyst 18 is also saved approximately uniform.

(Operation pressure)

Then, after closing the valve (not shown in the drawings), the air inside the reaction chamber 12 is pumped through operating the suction pump (not shown in the drawings) and opening the vacuum valve 8. At this point, and the space inside and the space outside of the plastic container 11 is pumped out, creating a vacuum. Namely, the entire reaction chamber 12 is pumped out. Then the inner part of the reaction chamber 12 is subjected to reduced pressure until the desired pressure, for example 1-100 PA, will not be achieved. The reason for the formation of this pressure range is the same as the reason, as explained in the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation.

(The supply of electricity to heat the catalyst and the introduction of the source gas)

The electricity is then served on thermal catalyst 18, generating heat at a given temperature 1700°C, for example. Then, the source gas 33, such as ammonia (NH3), silane (Si4), hydrogen (H2) and the like, is fed into the pipe 73 supply the source gas from the controllers 24A-24C gas flow, and the source gas 33 is blown in the direction of heat to the of telesfora 18, heated to 1700°C, out of the hole h blowing gas inside the plastic container 11, which is subjected to reduced pressure to a predetermined pressure. The feed rate of the source gas is the same as in the case described in the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation. The pressure inside reaction chamber 12 to adjust 10-30 PA using this source of gas. After the growth temperature of thermal catalyst 18 more than 1600°C. thus ends, preferably begin blowing the source gas.

(Film formation)

Just as in the case described in the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the first variant implementation, when the source gas 33 comes into contact with thermal catalyst 18, formed a characteristic chemical substances 34, and hydrogenous SiNxa thin film is formed on the outer surface of the plastic container 11. Here, too, the adhesion between the plastic container 11 and gazobalonnoj thin film is very good.

(Completion of the film forming)

When a thin film reaches a predetermined thickness, the supply of the source gas 33 is stopped, and then the inner part of the reaction chamber 12 is again pumped, injected notcause gas, not shown in the drawings, and Rea is operating the camera 12 is set at atmospheric pressure. Then the upper chamber 65 open, and remove the plastic container 11. It is considered that the film thickness is preferably 5-100 nm. In addition, it is believed that the amount of hydrogen content in the obtained hydrogen-containing SiNxthin film, measured using SOR (backscattering spectrometry Rutherford), preferably has a hydrogen content of 1 to 10 atomic %. In this case, the measured oxygen permeability of the container, and the oxygen permeability was 0,0010 cm3/container/day. Namely, in a plastic container that has gazoballonnyj properties obtained by the production method of the second variant implementation, the hydrogen-containing SiNxa thin film is formed as gazobalonnoj thin film on the outer surface of the plastic container, and this hydrogen-rich SiNxthin film has a film thickness of 5-100 nm and a hydrogen content of 1 to 10 atomic %.

Now with reference to figure 2 will give a description of the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to a third variant of implementation, in which the hydrogen-containing SiNxa thin film is formed by filling the reaction chamber 12 source gas using device 200 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container. Namely, the method of manufacturing gazala gornogo plastic container according to a third variant of implementation contains the process where once, at least, the space inside the plastic container 11 placed in the reaction chamber 12, is filled with the source gas 33 under a predetermined pressure, the supply of the source gas 33 is stopped to stop the flow into and escaping gas in the reaction chamber 12, and a process in which, while maintaining the state where the power is supplied to thermal catalyst 18 to generate heat above a predetermined temperature, thermal catalyst 18 is directed into the space filled with the source gas 33, to decompose the source gas 33 and the formation of chemical substances 34, while gazobetona thin film is formed by chemical substances 34, responsive to the inner surface of the plastic container 11.

In addition, Fig described method of manufacture in the case where the pipe feeding the source gas figure 10 is used in the location shown on Fig, but this method of manufacture is another variant of the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the second variant implementation.

(Loading containers in plasma VD film-forming device)

First, open the valve (not shown in the drawings)to open the inner part of the vacuum chamber 6 to the atmosphere. In a state where the upper chamber 15 is removed, place icopy container 11 is inserted through the top opening of the lower chamber 13 and is placed in the reaction chamber 12. Then set the upper chamber 15 is lowered, and the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas and installed inside thermal catalyst 18 located in the upper chamber 15, is inserted inside the plastic container 11 through the mouth 21 of the plastic container. Then, by connecting the upper chamber 15 with the lower chamber 13 via the annular seal 14, the reaction chamber 12 forms a tight space. At this point, the gap between the inner surface of the wall of the lower chamber 13 and the outer surface of the wall of the plastic container 11 is maintained approximately uniform, and the gap between the inner surface of the wall of the plastic container 11 and thermal catalyst 18 is also saved approximately uniform.

(Operation pressure)

Then, after closing the valve (not shown in the drawings), the air inside the reaction chamber 12 is pumped through operating the suction pump (not shown in the drawings) and opening the vacuum valve 8. At this point, not only the space inside the plastic container 11, but also the space between the outer surface of the wall of the plastic container 11 and the inner surface wall of the lower chamber 13 is pumped out, creating a vacuum. Then the inner part of the reaction chamber 12 is subjected to reduced pressure until the desired pressure,for example 1-5 PA, will not be achieved.

(The supply of electricity to heat the catalyst and the introduction of the source gas)

The electricity is then served on thermal catalyst 18, generating heat at a given temperature 1600-2000°C, for example. Then the main valve, not shown in the drawings, cover, and set the number of source gas 33 is released from the pipe 23 to the supply of the source gas. At this point, the composition of the source gas 33, NH3(indicated by 33a) passes through the channel 17A of the source gas of the internal tube triple tube and flows from its end, and SiH4and H2(both denoted by the symbol 33b) are released from the channel 17b of the source gas of the outer tube triple tube. Thus, the inner part of the plastic container 11 is filled with the specified amount of the source gas 33. Then the valves 25th and 25f close. Then close the valve 8. Thus, at least, the space inside the plastic container 11 placed in the reaction chamber 12 filled with the source gas 33 under a predetermined pressure, and flow into and escaping gas in the reaction chamber 12 is stopped.

(Film formation)

Then, thermal catalyst 18, located within the channel 17A of the source gas is introduced into reaction chamber 12 through the elongation of the inner tube 36 made of insulating ceramics, telescopically fitted the mechanism. At this point, gaseous silane, which is a source gas is filled in the reaction chamber 12, is decomposed, and hydrogenous SiNxa thin film is formed on the inner surface of the container using the above reaction process. The formation of thin film ends when all the source gas 33 is decomposed. Since the thickness of the obtained thin film is determined by the number of self-inflicted source gas 33 in the reaction chamber 12, it becomes easy to adjust the thickness of the formed thin film. In the case of hydrogen-rich SiNxa thin film of the desired number of source gas enclosed in a 500 ml bottle, 0.9-18.5 cm3for SiH4and the ratio of SiH4and other source gases is SiH4:NH3:H2=1:16,7:33,3. In the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to a third variant of implementation of hydrogenous SiNxa thin film is formed as gazobalonnoj thin film on the inner surface of the plastic container in the same manner as in the production method of the first variant of implementation, resulting in a container in which the hydrogen-containing SiNxthin film has a film thickness of 5-100 nm and a hydrogen content of 1 to 10 atomic %.

In addition, there is the option implemented the I method of manufacture in which the pipe 73 supply the source gas of the device 300 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container figure 3 represents the same structure as that of the pipe 23 the filing of the original gas in figure 2. Namely, in the device 300 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container figure 3, if there is a placement mechanism for placing thermal catalyst 18 in the pipe for supplying the source gas of the type shown in figure 2), it is possible to form the hydrogen-containing SiNxa thin film on the outer surface of the container by filling the reaction chamber 12 of the source gas 33. Namely, the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the fourth variant implementation contains a process in which after at least space on the outside of the plastic container 11, which is located in the reaction chamber 12, is filled with the source gas 33 at a given pressure, the flow of the source gas 33 is stopped, stopping the flow into and escaping gas in the reaction chamber 12, and a process in which, while maintaining the state where the power is supplied to thermal catalyst 18 to generate heat above a predetermined temperature, thermal catalyst 18 is directed into the space filled with the source gas 33, for the decomposition of the source gas 33 and the formation of chemical ve the ETS 34, this gazobetona thin film formed from the chemical substances 34, responsive to the outer surface of the plastic container 11. The following description will be given assuming the device fabrication, in which the pipe 73 supply the source gas into the device 300 for manufacturing gatbering plastic container with 3 replaced by a pipe 23 to the supply of the source gas 2.

(Loading containers in plasma VD film-forming device)

First, open the valve (not shown in the drawings)to open the inner part of the vacuum chamber 60 to the atmosphere. In a state where the upper chamber 65 is removed, the plastic container 11 is inserted into the mechanism 32 of rotation of the bottle in the reaction chamber 12. Then set the upper chamber 65 is lowered to the lower chamber 63 and the pipe feeding the source gas (type 2) and attached to thermal catalyst 18 provided in the lower chamber 63, are arranged on the periphery of the plastic container 11. Then, by connecting the upper chamber 65 with the lower chamber 63 through the annular seal 14, the reaction chamber 12 forms a tight space. At this point, the gap between the inner surface of the wall of the lower chamber 63 and the outer surface of the wall of the plastic container 11 is maintained approximately uniform, and the gap between the outer surface of the walls of the plastic container 11 and thermal catalyst 18 is also saved approximately uniform.

(Operation pressure)

Then, after closing the valve (not shown in the drawings), the air inside the reaction chamber 12 is pumped through operating the suction pump (not shown in the drawings) and opening the vacuum valve 8. At this point, not only the space outside of the plastic container 11, but also the space between the outer surface of the wall of the plastic container 11 and the inner surface wall of the lower chamber 63 is pumped out, creating a vacuum. Then the inner part of the reaction chamber 12 is subjected to reduced pressure until the desired pressure, for example 1-5 PA, will not be achieved.

(The supply of electricity to heat the catalyst and the introduction of the source gas)

The electricity is then served on thermal catalyst 18, generating heat at a given temperature 1600-2000°C, for example. Then the main valve, not shown in the drawings, cover, and set the number of source gas 33 is released from the pipe for supplying the source gas of the type shown in figure 2). At this point, the composition of the source gas 33, NH3passes through the channel of the source gas of the internal tube triple tube and flows from its end, and SiH4and H2produced from the channel of the source gas of the outer tube triple tube. Thus, the inner part of the plastic container 11 is filled with the specified quantities of the m source gas 33. Then the valve 25d close. Then close the valve 8. Thus, at least, the space inside the plastic container 11 placed in the reaction chamber 12 filled with the source gas 33 under a predetermined pressure, and flow into and escaping gas in the reaction chamber 12 is stopped.

(Film formation)

Then, thermal catalyst 18, located within the channel 17A of the source gas is introduced into reaction chamber 12 through the elongation of the inner pipe (type, indicated by position 36 in figure 2), made of an insulating ceramic, provided with a telescopic mechanism. At this point, gaseous silane, which is a source gas is filled in the reaction chamber 12, is decomposed, and hydrogenous SiNxa thin film is formed on the outer surface of the plastic container 11 by using the above-described reaction process. The formation of thin film ends when all the source gas 33 is decomposed. In the method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container according to the fourth variant of the implementation of hydrogenous SiNxa thin film is formed as gazobalonnoj thin film on the outer surface of the plastic container in the same manner as in the production method of the second variant of implementation, resulting in a container that is where the hydrogen-containing SiN xthin film has a film thickness of 5-100 nm and a hydrogen content of 1 to 10 atomic %.

In the present invention can also be obtained hydrogen-containing SiNxthin film in the same way in a 500 ml PET bottle rectangular shape. In addition, changing the source gas, it is possible to obtain a hydrogen-containing UPA thin film containing SIO, SISxa thin film or a hydrogen-containing SixNxthin film in the same way.

In the above-described embodiments implement gatbering thin film form or only on the outer surface or the inner surface of the plastic container, but these cases can be combined, and gazobetona thin film can be formed on the outer and inner surfaces of the plastic container.

Industrial applicability

Gazoballonnyj plastic container according to the invention is a plastic drinking container with gazoballonnyj properties in relation to gaseous oxygen and gaseous carbon dioxide which is suitable for alcoholic beverages such as beer and the like, or soft drinks and similar beverages.

1. Device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container containing
a vacuum chamber for accommodating the plastic container;
a discharge pump for pumping gas from the HAC the smart camera;
a pipe for supplying the source gas, is made of insulating and heat resistant material, which is arranged so that may be inside the specified plastic container, to supply the source gas inside the specified plastic container, and removed from it;
heat the catalyst supported on the pipe for supplying the source gas; and a power source of the heater, which supplies electricity to the specified thermal catalyst, generating heat.

2. The device according to claim 1, in which the specified pipe feeding the source gas has formed with her for one cooling pipe for cooling the specified pipe for supplying the source gas.

3. The device according to claim 1 or 2, in which the specified pipe feeding the source gas is a ceramic tube made of material in which the aluminum nitride, silicon carbide, silicon nitride or aluminum oxide, which form the main component, or a metal pipe, the surface of which is coated with material in which aluminum nitride, silicon carbide, silicon nitride or aluminum oxide, which form the basic component.

4. The device according to claim 1 or 2, in which the specified pipe feeding the source gas has a hole for blowing gas on the pipe end, and the distance from said hole for blowing the gas to the bottom of the specified plastic the first container has a length of 5-30 mm

5. The device according to claim 1 or 2, wherein said thermal catalyst is located so that its upper end is 10-30 mm below the lower end of Golovino part of the plastic container.

6. The device according to claim 1 or 2, in which the inner surface of the specified vacuum chamber painted black or the inner surface has a surface roughness (Rmax) of 0.5 μm or above, and the cooling means provided inside or outside the camera.

7. The device according to claim 1 or 2, additionally containing a coolant container, which serve chilled liquid or gas on the outer surface of the specified plastic container.

8. Device for manufacturing gatbering plastic container containing
a vacuum chamber for accommodating the plastic container;
a discharge pump for pumping gas from the vacuum chamber;
thermal catalyst, located on the periphery of the specified plastic container;
a pipe for supplying the source gas, supplying the source gas into the space outside of the specified plastic container inside the specified vacuum chamber; and
the power source of the heater, which supplies electricity to the specified heat the catalyst to generate heat.

9. The device according to claim 8, wherein said thermal catalyst location is N. in multiple rotationally symmetric positions relative to the main axis of the specified plastic container or in the form of turns of spiral shape with a major axis of the specified plastic container in the center, or in the form of coils, parallel multiple cross-sections of the main axis of the specified plastic container.

10. The device according to claim 8 or 9, in which the above thermal catalysts are arranged such that they are mutually separated by 5 cm or more.

11. The device according to claim 8 or 9, wherein said thermal catalyst is located so that its distance to the outer surface of the plastic container is fixed.

12. The device according to claim 8 or 9, further containing a coolant container, which serve chilled liquid or gas on the inner surface of the specified plastic container.

13. The device according to any one of claims 1, 2, 8, 9, wherein said thermal catalyst is at least the output side of the hole for blowing gas specified pipe for supplying the source gas.

14. The device according to item 13, in which the specified pipe for supplying the source gas provided with a mechanism for placing inside the specified thermal catalyst.

15. The device according to any one of claims 1, 2, 8, 9, wherein said thermal catalyst is within the specified pipe for supplying the source gas.

16. The device according to any one of claims 1, 2, 8, 9, 14, wherein said thermal catalyst preferably has a part, which is a wire, which is attached to the form with Irali, the form of wavy lines or zigzag form.

17. The device according to any one of claims 1, 2, 8, 9, 14, wherein said thermal catalyst is located along the direction of blowing the specified source gas.

18. A method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container, providing
the process in which the inner part of the vacuum chamber, containing a plastic container, pumped to a specified pressure; and a process in which, while maintain the state of electricity in a thermal catalyst located within the specified vacuum chamber to generate heat above a predetermined temperature, the source gas is blown to the specified thermal catalyst for the decomposition of the specified source gas and the formation of chemical substances, while gazobetona thin film formed of these chemicals reaching at least the inner or outer surface of the specified plastic container.

19. The method according to p, in which the blowing specified source gas begin after the completion of the growth temperature of thermal catalyst is above a predetermined temperature.

20. A method of manufacturing gatbering plastic container, providing
the process in which after at least a space inside or outside of the plastic container, nahtashah is camping in the reaction chamber, filled with the source gas with a predetermined pressure, the supply of the specified source gas is stopped to stop the flow into and escaping gas at the specified reaction chamber; and
the process in which, while maintain state when electricity serves to heat the catalyst, generating heat above a predetermined temperature, the catalyst is directed into the space filled with the specified source gas to decompose the specified source gas and the formation of chemical substances, while gazobetona thin film is formed of the specified chemical substances, reaching at least the inner or outer surface of the specified plastic container.

21. Gazoballonnyj plastic container in which the hydrogen-containing SiNxthin film, or a hydrogen-containing UPA thin film, or a hydrogen-containing SiOxthin film, or a hydrogen-containing SiCxNya thin film is formed as gazobalonnoj thin film on at least one of the inner surface or the outer surface of the plastic container, with the specified hydrogenous SiNxthin film, or the specified treating ASD thin film, or the specified hydrogen-containing SiOxthin film, or the specified hydrogen containing SiCxNythin film has a thickness of the film 5-100 nm and the hydrogen content of 1-10 at. %.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: electrode that surrounds the receptacle and forms part of pressure reduction chamber intended for receptacle installation and electrode that is installed next to receptacle neck above its opening are installed one opposite to each other and separated with insulating body. This body forms part of pressure reduction chamber. Inlet tube of gas is made of insulating material for guiding gas that is supplied to the mentioned chamber with the help of supply facility of gas that is transformed into plasma for application of diamond-like film of coating onto receptacle wall internal surface. Tube is installed on facility for exhaust of gas that is available in pressure reduction chamber from the bottom part of receptacle part with opening. High-frequency supply facility is connected to electrode that surrounds receptacle, therefore, it is possible to freely ignite plasma and execute discharge.

EFFECT: stabilisation of plasma discharge and prevention of dust adhesion to electrode.

16 cl, 12 dwg, 2 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: metallurgy.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to plastic package with inside surface of wall coated with diamond-like film; invention also refers to device for fabricating this package and to method of package fabricating. The device contains an electrode encompassing the package and forming one portion of a chamber for pressure fall where the package and a facing electrode located inside the package above an aperture are arranged. The said electrodes face each other and are divided with an insulating body forming portion of the pressure fall chamber. A device for source gas supply contains an inlet pipe of supplied gas. There are also a pumping out device and a device of high frequency supply. The method includes pumping out the package contents till achieving the pressure less or equal to specified, then introduction of source gas for generating plasma, termination of pumping out and decreasing the rate of introduction of the source gas to the value less than the rate of introduction at the moment of change, generating plasma for formation of diamond-like carbon film on the interior surface of the plastic package wall. Thus the package with film is produced; the said film has equal level of oxygen impenetrability; and colouring of film formed at the throat portion of the package is avoided.

EFFECT: production of package with diamond-like carbon film with uniform level of oxygen impenetrability.

25 cl, 24 dwg, 7 tbl

The invention relates to receptacles, multi-layer preformed the preparations for the manufacture of vessels and methods for their ishoponline

FIELD: metallurgy.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to plastic package with inside surface of wall coated with diamond-like film; invention also refers to device for fabricating this package and to method of package fabricating. The device contains an electrode encompassing the package and forming one portion of a chamber for pressure fall where the package and a facing electrode located inside the package above an aperture are arranged. The said electrodes face each other and are divided with an insulating body forming portion of the pressure fall chamber. A device for source gas supply contains an inlet pipe of supplied gas. There are also a pumping out device and a device of high frequency supply. The method includes pumping out the package contents till achieving the pressure less or equal to specified, then introduction of source gas for generating plasma, termination of pumping out and decreasing the rate of introduction of the source gas to the value less than the rate of introduction at the moment of change, generating plasma for formation of diamond-like carbon film on the interior surface of the plastic package wall. Thus the package with film is produced; the said film has equal level of oxygen impenetrability; and colouring of film formed at the throat portion of the package is avoided.

EFFECT: production of package with diamond-like carbon film with uniform level of oxygen impenetrability.

25 cl, 24 dwg, 7 tbl

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: electrode that surrounds the receptacle and forms part of pressure reduction chamber intended for receptacle installation and electrode that is installed next to receptacle neck above its opening are installed one opposite to each other and separated with insulating body. This body forms part of pressure reduction chamber. Inlet tube of gas is made of insulating material for guiding gas that is supplied to the mentioned chamber with the help of supply facility of gas that is transformed into plasma for application of diamond-like film of coating onto receptacle wall internal surface. Tube is installed on facility for exhaust of gas that is available in pressure reduction chamber from the bottom part of receptacle part with opening. High-frequency supply facility is connected to electrode that surrounds receptacle, therefore, it is possible to freely ignite plasma and execute discharge.

EFFECT: stabilisation of plasma discharge and prevention of dust adhesion to electrode.

16 cl, 12 dwg, 2 ex, 2 tbl

FIELD: transportation; package.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises vacuum chamber for installation of plastic container, drain pump for gas pumping out of vacuum chamber, pipe for supply of initial gas. Pipe is made of heat insulated and heat resistant material and is installed so that it may be inserted inside container, in order to supply initial gas inside mentioned plastic container, and to be removed from it. Thermal catalyst is maintained on pipe for supply of initial gas. Source of heater supply for electricity delivery to thermal catalyst for heat generation. Invention provides for possibility to use one and the same vacuum chamber even when container shapes are different. Source of high-frequency energy is not necessary, and film may be created for multiple containers inside single vacuum chamber.

EFFECT: low cost of device.

21 cl, 18 dwg

FIELD: machine building.

SUBSTANCE: containers (12) have convex or concave sections (12a). Dielectric element (50) of the device has a cavity with dimensions allowing said container (12) placement. External electrode (13) covers external contour of said dielectric element (50). A pump down device is set on end surface of said external electrode (13) where there is positioned neck (11) of container (12). Insulator (26) is installed between the pump down device and end surface. Pressure inside the container is lowered through pump down tube (14). Internal electrode (17) is inserted from the side of pump down tube (14) and functions as a device for gas discharge releasing gaseous working substance (19) for forming a barrier film inside container (12). The device for generation of electric field facilitates ignition of electric discharge between the external electrode (13) and a grounded electrode.

EFFECT: formation of uniform film on container with convex and concave surfaces.

38 cl, 38 dwg, 2 tbl

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