Method of autumn soil strip tillage with variable-depth surface cultivator
SUBSTANCE: method involves boardless strip soil loosening. Flat loosening of even strips is done at a depth of 0.28-0.3 m, and odd strips - at a depth of 0.1-0.12 m. On moderately weed infested and moderately packed soil, strips are made with width of 0.3-0.4 m. On heavily weed infested and packed soil, even strips are made with width of 0.4 m, and odd strips with width of 0.6 m.
EFFECT: such a technique allows for reducing power input on autumn soil preparation and increases snow water intake of the soil.
2 dwg, 1 ex
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to energy saving methods autumn processing.
The known method of combating soil erosion "Method of combating soil erosion" (A.S. No. 880266,1979, AV 13/16), lies in its delavayi.
The disadvantage of this method is that when a slit ripping through 1 m is non-uniform moistening of the soil, and the edges of the cracks at the soil surface are formed pridelava rollers, preventing the penetration of water into the crack.
The closest to the technical essence of the proposed method is the conservation and efficient use of moisture (Shields A.G. Efficiency pure and employed a couple in rotation at the different ways primary tillage in the area of southern forest-steppe of Western Siberia // Discard. Oh. of Sciences, Omsk, 1984), consisting in ploskoreznaja processing 0.1-0.12 m and a deep band loosening 0.3-0.35 m 1-1,2 m
The disadvantage of this method is wide (1-1,2 m) finely processed (0,1-0,12 m) band, which comes from a deep (0.3 to 0.35 m) bands of snow water. However, it is usually not enough to complete wetting of the entire width of the finely processed strip.
The closest prototype is "Way lane subsurface-zero winter treatment on Chernozem soils in areas with insufficient hydration (patent RU No. 2284092, 2006, AV/00), when autumn is subsurface lane loosening the soil at 14-16 cm width 40 cm, which is alternated with untreated strip of the same width. The effect of blagoslovenija raw bandwidth is achieved by flow of moisture on the gable subsoil soles, as well as deeper ripping at the walls of a raw strip.
The disadvantage of this method is that it does not provide a continuous cutting of weeds, but only 50% of the area. The depth of the strip tilling in of 0.14-0.16 m - not enough for more intensive absorption of moisture and accumulation of biotic nitrogen.
The purpose of the invention is to optimize the parameters width and depth of the processed strips to reduce energy consumption for autumn processing and improve the assimilation of snow water.
This goal is achieved by the fact that ploskoreznaja loosening even bands perform at a depth of 0.28-0.3 m and odd lines to the depth of 0.1-0.12 m, and srednesemennyh and sredneprotsentnyh soils bands perform with a width of 0.3-0.4 m (figure 1), and very cluttered and crowded soils even stripes comprise a width of 0.4 m and an odd band - 0.6 m (figure 2). These indicators for medium - and heavy loamy black soils under the existing potential of rain turned out to be optimal.
By the time of sowing wheat humidity maloobrazovanna strip width ,4 m upper half fully aligned, that is, capillary moisture coming from loose deep bands in wall finely or untreated lane merges.
The specified parameters of the bands better retain, wet and smooth the water content, increase the content of biotic nitrogen and reduce by 20-30% energy intensity of tillage.
Way, depending on the environmental field (level of farming practices), is made in two versions. On srednesemennyh and sredneprotsentnyh soils width plascrete processed even and odd band is 0.3-0.4 m, and the depth of the even stripes of 0.28-0.3 m, and the odd 0,1-0,12 m (figure 1). On a heavily clogged and compacted soils even stripes of a width of 0.4 m plascrete rifletta to a depth of 0.28-0.3 m, and odd to a depth of 0.1-0.12 m and their width increases to 0.6 m (figure 2).
The method is as follows.
Ploskoreznaja the instrument is equipped with arched feet with a width of 0.4 m each. Installed to a predetermined depth, for example, even 0.28-0.3 m, and odd-0.1-0.12 m, spend way floating ploskoreznaja loosening. The processing unit on the field is moving celeno (figure 1).
On a heavily clogged and compacted soils even legs set at a depth of 0.28-0.3 m and a width of 0.4 m and odd-0.1-0.12 m and a width of 0.6 m In this format tool succorso performs floating strip tillage (Fig.).
In all cases Proskurina way floating treatment significantly reduces the amount of deformation of the topsoil.
The use of the claimed invention allows comparison with subsurface deep loosening racks, Cibima (control method) maximum accumulate, retain and evenly distribute soil moisture by the time of sowing of spring crops, to cut the weeds are on the whole treated area, to enhance microbiological processes and simultaneously reduce by 20-30% energy consumption achieved by a smaller amount of deformation of the arable layer. Due to the loose and compacted bands increases adaptability to unpredictable weather anomalies.
Field experiments in OPH "Elite" of the Novosibirsk region showed that a two-layer or single-layer lane loosening alternated with finely processed or zero band, compared with a continuous deep ploskoreznyh tillage (control variant) provided equal or higher pre-seed water content and grain yield of wheat. So, in the control (no-till continuous tilling to a depth of 28-30 cm) grain yield amounted to 22.2 kg/ha layer plascrete-lane - 23,3 kg/ha water stock in the m layer for sowing of wheat were, respectively, 67 and 86 mm
Method PLoS is aresnal lane floating autumn tillage, including subsurface lane loosening the soil, characterized in that ploskoreznaja loosening even bands perform at a depth of 0.28-0.3 m and odd lines to the depth of 0.1-0.12 m, and srednesemennyh and sredneprotsentnyh soils bands perform with a width of 0.3-0.4 m, and on a heavily clogged and compacted soils even stripes perform a width of 0.4 m and an odd band - 0,6 m
SUBSTANCE: method is performed by 110+30 cm seeding pattern. Potato tubers are laid on soil surface pre-processed by disc tools. At the same time soil is raised at sites adjoining tuber zone by screw-type plough bottoms and laid over the potato tubers. Due to plow bottoms set to face each other, a bed with width equal to double width of mouldboard grip is formed in one passage.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of potato cultivation in beds in insufficient moistening conditions.
SUBSTANCE: method involves precedent removal followed by cutting narrow slits. Slits are cut at 0.35-0.40 m pitch to 0.35-0.45 m depth and 0.016-0.020 m width. Triangle-profile groove is made in alignment line of each narrow slit to the depth of 0.50-0.75 of arable layer with 0.15-0.20 m width in top part. Stubby remainders, drops, diseased and non-standard fruit of previous plants are removed from field surface into triangle-profile grooves. Lime at 10-30 tons per hectare rate is applied in a strip over each groove on stubby remnants surface. 40-60% solution of natural bischofite mineral of the formula MgCl26H2O at 600-1200 litres per hectare rate is applied by fine dispersion on surface. Organic fertilisers are applied in late autumn period at 40-60 tons per hectare rate. In early spring period soil cultivation is performed, mineral fertilisers are applied, and seedlings are planted to open ground. Soil cultivation involves ploughing with full layer overturn, terrain leveling, pre-planting cultivation. 30-40% phosphor and potassium fertilisers are applied on surface. Cultivation machine includes frame, bearing wheel, suspension bracket and work tools. Groups of work tools are positioned in sequence on the frame along the machine course and with disposition sideways. Each tool group has slit-cutting strut, mouldboard for triangle-profile groove disclosure, and slanted cutter for shifting stubby remainders, drops, diseased and non-standard fruit of previous plants into the groove.
EFFECT: secured crops of high-quality cauliflower owing to technology and structure.
9 cl, 10 dwg, 8 tbl
SUBSTANCE: soils purification method from heavy metals presupposes growing of phyto - ameliorants on contaminated soils with their consecutive removal. Carthamus is used as an ameliorating plant. Seeds of carthamus are sowed into the contaminated soil in the amount of 20-22 kg/ha, adult plants are kept until end of blowing and beginning of lower leaves dying-off, thereafter phyto-ameliorant is totally removed from the soil.
EFFECT: total consumption of ions of heavy metals.
3 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method presupposes reclamation leveling, introduction of chemical substance including humic acids and microorganisms, tillage and seeding. Organic -mineral fertiliser is used as a chemical substance. It contains peat with adjusted to the disrupted soils microorganisms, nitrogen, phosphorous, potassium and nitrogenous, mineral salts, and balance of peat hydraulitic decomposition with hydric dioxide and ammonia containing humic acids. Organic-mineral fertiliser is introduced before tillage in the amount of 10-50 t/ha.
EFFECT: increased amount of accumulated plant - available organic matter, moving forms of fertiliser elements, increased microbiological and ferment activity, growth and development of plants, enriching disrupted during coal mining soils with organic matter.
2 tbl, 3 ex
SUBSTANCE: seeds of spring wheat and feeding blue lupine or yellow lupine are sowed together in the ratio 2.5-3.75:1.0 million of viable sees per 1 hectare. Only phosphate-potassium fertilizers are used as fertilizers.
EFFECT: development of thick wheat and lupine agrophytocenosis for inhibiting weeds by applying phytocoenotic method without using herbicides and increasing content of protein and wet gluten in the grains of soft spring wheat.
SUBSTANCE: method includes mechanical removal of oil products from the ground surface by collecting oil over a layer of contaminated soil with further oil refining. Mechanical admixtures containing fuel oil residuals are sent for washing. After removing oil products, the depth of soil contamination is determined, thereafter contaminated soil is frozen at the temperatures below freezing point to the depths lower than the level of contamination. Frozen soil which is lower the level of contamination is withdrawn together with clean soil and taken out for washing. Washing of oil contamination is carried out by using cleaning fluid which contains 0.3-3.0% of surfactant aqueous solution at the temperature not less than 40°C. Before washing, soil is fractioned into floating mass and deposited soil. Washing of floating mass is carried out by jet machining together with separating mass from contaminated cleaning aqueous solution. After washing, soil and/or separated mechanical admixtures are returned to the place of drawing, thereafter permanent grasses are sowed while adding mineral fertilizers, within two years woody plants and grasses are dressed with mineral fertilizers.
EFFECT: acceleration of ground reclamation together with impact reduction upon environment during land restoration.
SUBSTANCE: method includes skimming of precursor, tillage by killer, introduction of fertiliser, ploughing with layer circulation, early-spring soil tillage and smoothing. Preplant water application and cultivation is implemented for depth 4-5 cm. Also it is implemented sowing, packing of soil before and after sowing, shoots harrowing, irrigation during the vegetation and dessication of crops. At late autumn on true area with laid out soil layer of top layer for depth 0-0.12 m along the lines east-west there are formed with two sloping surfaces of different flat combs with vertex with angle at vertex β=180°-(θ+α). Height of combs is installed by calculation from expression: H=(bs-b3)·tgα·tgΘ/(tgα+tgΘ), m. In early spring period it is implemented combing of cold-resistant weeds and mount of combs. At sowing of soya seeds vertex of comb and south slope are compacted up to values, defined from the expression: m. At compaction of comb vertex at north slope and simultaneous sowing of seeds into seeds bed it is implemented groove for depth of seeds sowing and it is laid flexible spray pipeline of trickle irrigation system.
EFFECT: receiving of guaranteed harvest of soya grain in irrigated cropping at cultivation in conditions of acutely continental climate.
5 dwg, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method includes tillage of bottom and top layers of soil with creation between them tightened streaks. Cultivation and soil tillage for full-depth treatment is implemented by fields. Tillage of soil top layer is implemented for depth, exceeding for 2…4 cm depth of seeds sowing. Mineral fertilisers are introduced local simultaneously to soil cultivation. Seeds sowing are implemented on tightened bed, pressed out at preplant packing in areas of mineral fertiliser local introduction. After what seed are covered by soil and packed. Device contains located on frame front and back rippers drums, scuffle claws, protective shroud and packing compactors. Rippers drums are installed with the ability of free rotation and are connected to each other by overdrive. Front rippers drum allows driving teeth. Scuffle claws are installed between rippers drums. Uprights of scuffle claws are located in the middle of between traces of driving teeth of the front rippers drum. Scuffle claws allows mineral fertiliser's guides, connected by mineral fertiliser's leads with fertiliser box for supplying of mineral fertilisers into areas, which are located from uprights of scuffle claws at a distance, equal to 1/4 of adjusting width between claws. The first by movement run packing compactor is implemented with flanges of height, not less than depth of seeds sowing, which are located by track of mineral fertilisers sowing. Behind flanges there are installed seeds-guides, connected by seeds-guides with seed box.
EFFECT: improving of preplant soil treatment with simultaneous improvement of growth conditions and development of sown seeds of plants.
2 cl, 7 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves primary and secondary tillage, early winter sowing, pre-emergence treatment of seeds, disease and pest control. Fertiliser elements nitrogen, phosphorous and potassium are applied fractionally: 20-30% of calculated amount of fertiliser. Phosphorous and potassium are added at primary tillage at depth 0.18-0.27 m on planned yield of achene of 0.75; 1.25; 1.75 t/ha. Nitrogen is applied on the surface during pre-emergence treatment of seeds. The remaining amount of macroelements N, P, K is applied in parts in form of topdressing in the "complete germinating seedling-branching" period - nitrogen - 0.10-0.15 of the remaining mass, phosphorous - 0.27-0.43 parts of the remaining mass, potassium - 0.06-0.08 parts, in the "branching-head formation" period - nitrogen 0.30-0.45 parts, phosphorous - 0.12-0.18 parts, potassium - 0.13-0.26 parts, in the "head formation-flowering" period - nitrogen - 0.25-0.30 parts, phosphorous - 0.30-0.35 parts, potassium - 0.52-0.55 parts, in the "flowering-achene ripening" period - nitrogen 0.10-0.35 of the remaining part, phosphorous - 0.15-0.20 of the remaining mass, potassium - 0.11-0.29 of the remaining mass.
EFFECT: guaranteed obtaining of the planned yield of safflower and increase in their oil content due to uniform ripening and efficient use by each plant of fertiliser macroelements by vegetative parts and root mass.
SUBSTANCE: proposed method involves cutting under soil and weeds at a given depth using cutting working elements, mainly in form of A-shares, packing the underlying soil layer using the said working elements and preliminary breaking of the soil. The soil is cut below the sowing level. Under the working elements on beds made by the blades, the main fertiliser doses are applied in bands. Subsoil compaction is done over the main fertiliser doses with preparation of the packed seed bed breaking up the soil on top of the seed bed and levelling the soil surface while throwing the said weeds onto it using multifunctional rollers. After that seeds are sown into the ground with or without starter fertiliser doses. The assembly has a frame with a connecting device, supporting wheels and a system for changing height of the frame above the soil. The cutting working elements mainly in form of A-shares, are held to the frame by posts. The posts are provided with devices for receiving and distributing fertiliser. The fertiliser application system has a storage tank, dosing and transportation elements. The assembly has multi-functional rollers linked to the frame, mounted after the working elements. The rollers have ring-shaped rims with spokes, located in the axial direction at a distance from each other at acute angles of attack. In the operating position, the bottom of the multi-functional rollers lies above the level of cutting edges of the working elements. The assembly also has a system for sowing seeds with or without starter fertiliser doses. The system for sowing seeds is provided with shares, located after the multi-functional rollers.
EFFECT: provision for application of main fertiliser doses when sowing and increased uniformity of sowing depth.
9 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: environment protection.
SUBSTANCE: method involves mechanical removal of excessive contaminants from surface and reducing toxicity of contaminated soil; sowing green manure crops and perennial grasses; preliminarily removing taking soil samples from contaminated surface and separating native contaminant destructors therefrom; after mechanical removal of contaminant from soil surface, providing sequential treatment of plot soil with water-soluble humates and at least double treatment with native contaminant destructors; mellowing soil; applying lime with mineral fertilizers such as saltpeter, double superphosphate and calcium chloride. Green manure crops are sown after application of fertilizers. Method further involves grinding green manure crops, plowing into soil and covering with soil by means of covering roll.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, reliable ecologically clean restoration of soil after contamination thereof.
SUBSTANCE: method involves cultivating soil by forming ridges after germination of weedage and providing subsequent cultivation procedures by breaking formerly formed ridges and forming new ridges; providing presowing soil treatment by embedding germinated weedage, stubble and other plant remains axially of ridges and simultaneously introducing microbiological humus-forming preparation; 20-40 days after introducing of humus-forming preparation (according to first version), breaking formerly formed ridges and forming new ones and simultaneously sowing late crops; according to second version, providing sowing of farm crops simultaneously with embedding of germinated weedage and introducing of humus-forming preparation. Methods allow total of active soil temperatures during presowing period to be increased owing to composting effect.
EFFECT: increased effectiveness of weedage control and improved soil fertility.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, amelioration method used for creating of fertile layer on low-humus sandy soil.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying lime and organic fertilizer into humus-depleted soil, said organic fertilizer being introduced in the form of ground plant remains and/or other forms in an amount of up to 40% the volume of ridges by distributing said fertilizer in furrows between ridges; forming ridges in the course of presowing treatment; applying layer of colmatant providing total volume of at least 20% the volume of pores of formed fertile layer; forming ridges with following breaking of formerly created ridges; embedding organic fertilizer and simultaneously applying biologically active preparation; 30-40 days later, reapplying organic fertilizer; reforming ridges and simultaneously irrigating ground organic with biologically active preparation; sowing seeds of cultured crops.
EFFECT: reduced time for creating on humus-depleted sandy soil of fertile layer adapted for immediate agricultural application, reduced wind and water erosion and provision for forming of recreational zones.
SUBSTANCE: method involves sowing sorts of soya with different ripening time; simultaneously sowing sorts of soya of at least four different ripening time in adjacent rows, with early ripening sorts being combined with late ripening sorts; setting seeding norm for early ripening sorts of soya in the range of 600,000-650,000 pieces/hectare and for late ripening sorts of soya in the range of 400,000-450,000 pieces/hectare.
EFFECT: improved quality of seeds and reduced seed losses.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, protection of wheat crops from complex of pests with reduced application of insecticides.
SUBSTANCE: method involves forming entomofauna of crop agrocenosis by accumulating pests on restricted territory for creating attracting strips of spring wheat of two sowing periods with break-off time between said periods of five to seven days around winter wheat strips; providing feed stock conveyor system for complex of pests; applying insecticides only on basic winter wheat strips and attracting strips of spring wheat strips, with basic spring wheat strips being excluded from treatment process.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in protecting of sown wheat crops by accumulating of pests on restricted territory, reduced consumption of insecticides and provision for keeping grain yield and grain quality.
1 tbl, 1 ex
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying alternative organic fertilizer into soil, with alternative organic fertilizer being straw used in an amount of 4.5-5.6 t/hectare and green mass of stubble green manure crop (lupine) used in an amount of 7.9-8.6 t/hectare; plowing-in said organic fertilizer into soil in the autumn.
EFFECT: increased farm crop yield owing to increased soil fertility, provision for obtaining of ecologically safe product, and reduced labor consumption.
1 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, fertilizer irrigation of farm crops with sewage water or liquid fertilizer.
SUBSTANCE: method involves cutting furrow by means of soil cutting tool; feeding water or liquid fertilizer into furrow and covering furrow. Uniform distribution of fertilizer applied to compound intersected relief is provided by forming web of height smaller than plowing depth by 0.4-0.7 time before supplying of water or liquid fertilizer into open furrow. Apparatus has frame with plow bodies equipped with tine having share and moldboard and fixed on frame. Web forming device mounted on frame behind outer plow body is made in the form of rotor with vertical shaft of rotation and blades for moving soil from ridges of adjacent plowed strips. Apparatus has drive. Rotor drive is kinematically connected and aligned with frame carrier wheel.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of liquid fertilizer applied into soil and equalized plant mass over the entire area of irrigated soil, increased soil fertility and improved ecology control by preventing environment from contamination.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, agricultural engineering, pharmaceutical, confectionery, canned food, chemical, perfume, food-processing, tobacco industry and some special branches of industry.
SUBSTANCE: method involves mowing and grinding licorice vegetative buds and accompanying plants in association of low-productivity licorice undergrowth by means of haying machines to produce cuttings; while mowing, uniformly distributing ground mass over surface of mown strip; providing marker lines and placing planting material in narrow strips at predetermined spacing, with high-quality cuttings of 4-5 years licorice rootages of 12-18 mm diameter and 18-25 cm length being used as planting material; mellowing strips and cutting inclined slits by means of tillage tool; during advancement of machine, moving planting material into inclined slits; simultaneously with planting of cuttings, providing grooves for receiving of mineral fertilizer in surface of inclined wall of slit by means of slitter tine equipped with tiered cutters made in the form of rectangular parallelepipeds; placing nitrogenous fertilizer at norm of 0.2-0.6 kg/running meter in upper tier and phosphorous fertilizer at norm of 1.3-1.8 kg/running meter in middle tier; introducing into lower layer potash fertilizer at norm of 0.8-1.6 kg/running meter for development of plants at second and third years of life; after introducing of mineral fertilizer and placing of cuttings, compacting mellowed strips above inclined slits by means of ring-lug roller sections. Nozzle of pneumatic pipeline is arranged above each cutter. Each pneumatic pipeline is individually connected with seeding unit for withdrawal from fertilizer box of nitrogenous, phosphorous or potash fertilizer. Seeding units are kinematically connected with supporting wheel. Each pneumatic pipeline of tine-cutter is connected with pressure cavity of high-pressure fan equipped with hydraulic drive.
EFFECT: increased yield of green mass and provision for applying of mineral fertilizer to different soil depth.
3 cl, 13 dwg
FIELD: growing of high-protein crops, in particular, red clover under clearly defined continental or similar conditions or in arid climatic zones.
SUBSTANCE: method involves sowing red clover (trifolium pratense L.) and cover crop at optimal time in spring; after harvesting of preceding crop, providing stubble breaking to 0.06-0.08 m depth and ameliorating mellowing to 0.6-0.8 m depth; applying phosphorous-potash fertilizer to provide for 3-4 year life of plants; plowing soil while turning layers by means of bottom-moldboard plows to 0.25-0.27 m depth while fully embedding stubble remains; after deep ameliorating tillage combined with turning of root layer, providing irrigation at the end of September - beginning of October at irrigation rate of 700-900 m3/hectare for keeping pre-irrigation soil moisture threshold; closing moisture feeding in early spring by means of heavy harrows in two tracks transverse to center ridges during moldboard plowing and simultaneously leveling field relief; providing cultivation to 0.05-0.08 m depth for killing cold-resistant weeds by means of A-hoes; providing presowing and postsowing compaction for increasing soil density in seeding layer at 0-10 cm depth; performing interlace sowing in early spring (0.30 m) of cover crop (oats, less commonly barley) at seeding rate of (3.0-3.5)·106 pieces of seeds per 1 hectare (continuous sowing at seeding rate of (8.5-9.5)·106 pieces per hectare to 0.03-0.04 m depth on light soil and 0.02-0.03 m depth on heavy soil for producing of 450-500 plants per 1 m2 at full germination phase, 250-300 plants at spring growing phase of second year of life, 200-220 plants per 1 m2 at spring growing phase of third year of life; providing mineral feeding by applying rated norms of phosphorous-potash fertilizer for stock plowing for three years of utilization of herbage, and applying differentiated doses of nitrous fertilizer for further mowing. Application of up to 100 kg/hectare of nitrogen during growing period at maximal dose of 35 kg/hectare for first mowing provides yield of up to 60 t/hectare of green mass, and application of 130 kg of nitrogen per hectare during growing period at maximal dose of 45 kg/hectare for first mowing provides yield of up to 80 t/hectare of green mass. Yield of 40 t/hectare of green mass is provided at irrigation norm of 850 m3/hectare with minimal period between irrigation procedures of 14-16 days, with total irrigation norm making 3,200-3,400 m3/hectare. Clover is mown at flowering phase. Time between green mass harvesting and irrigation procedures is reduced to 1-3 days. Last mowing procedure is performed 25-30 days before air temperature reaches 00C.
EFFECT: improved quality of feed and predetermined productivity.
12 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, production of fogger in irrigated zones.
SUBSTANCE: method involves periodically mowing biomass; irrigating and applying mineral fertilizer in spring at initial grass growing stage and for feeding after each mowing operation; after harvesting of preceding crop, providing pre-plowing irrigation at norm of 300-400 m3/hectare and ameliorating mellowing to 0.4-0.6 m depth; plowing to 0.25-0.27 m depth with turning of soil layer; mellowing top layer by means of cultivators to 0.08-0.012 m depth; leveling microrelief of irrigated field by means of levelers; providing interlace sowing of leguminous crops, such as lucerne and clover, and meadow grass crops, such as meadow fescue and orchard grass, at seeding norm of 4.8·106, 5.4·106, 5.5·106 and 8.1·106 pieces of seed per hectare, respectively, with grass mixtures being composed of two or four crops; keeping seeding depth in the range of 0.02-0.03 and 0.05-0.06 m; maintaining mineral feeding mode by applying phosphorous-potash fertilizer at norm rated for plowing for stock sufficient for 3-4 year usage of herbage; applying nitrous fertilizer in differentiated doses for mowing; applying 60 kg/hectare of nitrous fertilizer at growing period at maximal dose for first mowing of 40 kg/hectare to provide for guaranteed yield of up to 50 t/hectare of green mass; 80 kg/hectare at maximal dose for first mowing of 60 kg/hectare to provide for herbage yield of up to 70 t/hectare of green mass, and 100 kg/hectare at maximal dose of 70 kg/hectare for first mowing to provide for guaranteed yield of grass mixture of up to 90 t/hectare; keeping irrigation mode within the range of 60-80% norm of moisture. Green mass yield of from 50 to 90 t/hectare is provided with total irrigation norm of 2,550-3,250 m3/hectare to 3,600-4,050 m3/hectare. Interval between green mass harvesting and irrigation procedures at growing period is reduced to 2-3 days. Agronomical care involves harrowing of last years crop fields, after mowing of grass for green feed, and in autumn - slitting field of young crop field of second and third years of life of plants to 0.4-0.6 m depth.
EFFECT: increased effectiveness of utilization of irrigated lands, increased production of ecologically safe high-quality feeds, provision for keeping of soil fertility and improved economy of region.
10 cl, 12 dwg, 52 tbl