Method for mixture of water and hydrocarbon row materials transformation and device thereof

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the device for transformation of hydrocarbon row material and water mixture representing the body whereat the chamber is formed with to opposite walls designed as a fragment of second-degree surface inversely positioned relative to each other; in the other walls the holes are made for forming of the channels feeding under the pressure the hydrocarbon row material and water. The longitudinal axis of the channel holes are displaced relative to each other in order to direct the flow of hydrocarbon row material flow to one wall and the water flow - to another with both flows being in the form of second-degree surface fragment. The body is provided with cylindrical channel connected with chamber, it longitudinal axis is perpendicular to the longitudinal axes of the channels feeding under the pressure the hydrocarbon row material and water; in the recess of the cylindrical channel along its longitudinal axis one discharger electrode is located, its second electrode is fixed on the inner wall of this channel with electrodes switching to energy supply which design provides the possibility of voltage and/or current control. Invention also refers to the method for transformation of water/hydrocarbon row material mixture by the action of electricity implemented in the claimed device.

EFFECT: improvement of the method.

2 cl, 2 tbl, 2 dwg

 

The present invention relates to chemical technology, in particular to a technology for production of such raw materials as crude oil, high-boiling petroleum fractions, residual oil, waste oil, household and industrial organic wastes of different varieties of hydrocarbon fuels and hydrocarbon source products for the primary and petrochemical synthesis.

A significant portion of the world's oil reserves contain bitumen, which are sometimes referred to as tar Sands and heavy crude oil (collectively, the "heavy oil"). Heavy oil is difficult to obtain, and in case of receiving is difficult to market. When pipelines or tankers are used as a means of transport, the cost of transportation of heavy oil are much higher than the cost of transportation of light oil. Because heavy oil is developed with treatment, more costly methods are required to obtain products suitable for the commercial market. The economic value of heavy oil below the value of light oil, and for this reason, a significant percentage of the world's reserves of heavy oil remains unused.

Methods of enrichment of heavy oil sometimes include a pre-processing stage, designed to enhance the reaction efficiency of enrichment is to be placed heavy oil. For example, U.S. patent No. 4294686 considers preliminary distillation stream of heavy oil on the fraction of light oil and a heavy fraction oil. The goal of the preliminary distillation is to avoid undesirable cracking and coking fraction of light oil that can take place, if this fraction was included in the incoming stream into a reactor enrichment. Get the fraction of light oil is usually in a form suitable either for use in the production equipment as fuel, or for transportation to clean it. However, preliminary distillation increases both the cost and the complexity of the overall enrichment method and is used only when it is known that heavy oil includes a sufficient volume of light hydrocarbons.

Other methods of enrichment include preliminary processing mixing oil additives with heavy oil. The resulting mixture is then applied to enrich the reactor. For example, U.S. patent No. 6059957 considers the creation of the emulsion from the mixing of the heavy oil and water. This description also provides for optional inclusion in the emulsion stabilizing surfactant. U.S. patent No. 6004453 discloses obtaining a slurry by mixing non-catalytic additives with heavy oil. Publication Moll J.K. and F.T.T. Ng, "A Novel Process for Upgradig Heavy Oil/Bitumen Emulsions Via n Situ Hydrogen", 16thWorld Petroleum Congress, Calgary, Canada, June 2000 considers the use of emulsions of water-soluble dispersed catalysts. However, each of these three methods has two General shortage. First, the stage of mixing increases as the cost and complexity of the overall enrichment method. Secondly, additives cause the creation of waste in the process reactions enrichment, which must then be processed and removed. These treatment and disposal also increases the cost and complexity.

The third system, methods of enrichment of heavy oil includes a step of using the reaction enriching additives in the reactor to facilitate or improve the reaction efficiency of enrichment. For the above-mentioned chemical technology there are various ways hydrocarbon processing, based on the principles of hydrogenation and dehydrogenization processed hydrocarbons.

A method of refining hydrocarbons, comprising a stage of mixing the hydrocarbon with a hydrogen-containing gas, the hydrogenation mixture, separation, separation of the fraction containing light oil (RU 2241735, C10G 63/02, publ. 12.10.2004).

The disadvantage of this method is concluded that it requires a high pressure hydrogen-containing gas as the hydrogenation is due mole is warnowo hydrogen. In addition, many hydrocarbons have a dense structure that virtually eliminates the penetration of hydrogen into the structure to hydrogenation.

A method of refining hydrocarbons, including the selection or synthesis of the donor-hydrogen of the solvent, the phase mixing of the hydrocarbon with the donor-hydrogen solvent, the hydrogenation mixture, separation, separation of the fraction containing light oil (US 4329221, 208/214, publ. 11.05.1982).

In the known method solves the technical problem is the penetration of hydrogen into the structure of the processed hydrocarbon to hydrogenation. However, in this method, the donor-hydrogen solvent not effectively conveys the hydrogen acceptor hydrogen as the hydrogen donor is not activated.

This disadvantage is eliminated in a known way, which is the closest to the present invention, namely a method for processing hydrocarbons, including the selection and/or synthesis of hydrogen donors, the stage of mixing of the hydrocarbons, hydrogen donors and catalyst, the hydrogenation mixture, separation, separation of light and heavy fractions (EN 2255959, C10G 47/02, publ. 10.07.2005). From the same source known device for modification of hydrocarbons due to its mixing with the agent, which is the donor of hydrogen.

This is known from the persons adopted as a prototype for both the stated objects.

The disadvantage of this method is that it does not fully provide deep processing of heavy, high molecular weight materials in the light oil products and other products of petrochemical synthesis, due to the lack of an optimal balance between hydrogen donor and acceptor of hydrogen at hydrogenation, and the lack of a high degree of mixing of such hydrocarbons with the catalyst prior to hydrogenation.

In particular, in relation to the structure modification of waste oil production, which are used, for example, as fuel oil fuel for boiler installations, it is possible to consider a number of problems caused by the need of serious control of the optimal ratio of the hydrocarbons between hydrogen donor and acceptor of hydrogen.

A huge number of boilers operate on residual fuel. When this fuel is accumulated water, which amount in the fuel oil in the winter can reach 20-25%. Economic calculations show that the combustion of aqueous oil emulsions in 15-17 times more economical processing of flooded fuel and oily water, and carried out comprehensive studies allow us to conclude that the incineration of aqueous oil emulsions with a water content of 18-20% provides the minimum total cost of operation and environmental protection. In addition to humid the spine of fuel a significant impact on the efficiency of boiler plants and has a dispersion of water in the emulsion. The optimal size of water droplets in the emulsion from the point of view of improving the combustion of fuel and the stability of the emulsion is 5-9 μm. When this emulsion with a moisture content of 8-10% combustion increases the efficiency of boiler plants in comparison with the fuel of standard moisture 3% 1-1,5 abs.%. At a humidity of 20% efficiency remains unchanged with further increase in moisture content decreases. Obtaining aqueous oil emulsions is provided by homogenization and emulsification of the oil. The process of homogenization and emulsification of oil requires a precise control over the ratio of the percentage of water content in oil. The latter is due to the fact that the effectiveness and durability of furnace equipment depends on the contamination of the heating surfaces of a boiler furnace. Cleaning the furnace is due to the effect of microexplosion of the aqueous phase of the emulsion. The effect of microexplosion arising from the incineration of aqueous oil emulsion increases the degree of combustion of the fuel that is most important when burning heavy fuel oil. The process of microexplosion occurring during the combustion of aqueous oil emulsion, known for a long time, as in all complex systems, this effect is observed not only in the observance and keeping strictly defined conditions and parameters of the emulsion. One of these conditions is the dispersion of the aqueous phase aqueous oil em is lsii. It turns out that the water droplets within the oil, should be well-defined size - no more and no less. This effect in detail Ph.D., Professor of Spbgasu Varagine. In any of the prepared emulsion according to the probability distribution of only a small portion of the aqueous phase has a size (dispersion), which is the necessary condition of microexplosion when the instantaneous thermal heating. The rest of the water is ballast. To prepare the emulsion strictly defined dispersion, it is necessary to know its value, and that is the difficulty in processing fuel oil fuel oil fuel for boiler.

Accordingly, the present invention solves the technical problem of the optimal ratio in the hydrocarbon between hydrogen donor and acceptor of hydrogen.

Achievable technical result is to increase the effectiveness of one-stage synthesis process and the conversion of a mixture of water and hydrocarbons by changing the C-H correlations in molecules of the final product while simplifying the management of change process C-H correlations in molecules of the final product.

This technical result in part of the device is achieved in that a device for converting a mixture of water and hydrocarbons of t is made by a body in which is formed a chamber in which two opposite walls are made in the form of fragments of a surface of the second order inverse located relative to each other, while other walls with holes for channel formation pressure feed hydrocarbon and the feed channel pressure water, with the longitudinal axis of the openings of the channels are shifted relative to each other to direct the flow of hydrocarbons in the direction of one wall in the form of a fragment of the surface of the second order and direction of water flow in the direction of the other wall in the form of a fragment of the surface of the second order, while the body is made cylindrical channel communicated with the chamber and the longitudinal axis which is perpendicular to the direction of the longitudinal axes of the channels of the supply under pressure of the hydrocarbon feedstock and water, and in the hollow cylindrical channel along its longitudinal axis placed one electrode of a spark gap, and a second electrode which is fixed on the inner wall of the channel, and electrodes connected to a power source, configured to control the magnitude of voltage and/or current.

This technical result in part of the method is achieved in that in the method of converting a mixture of water and hydrocarbons carried out in the inventive device, which is the mixing of water and hydrocarbons to obtain a water-hydrocarbon mixture, after mixing the water-hydrocarbon mixture moves along the electrodes of elektrorazryadnykh and passed through this mixture electrical discharges or direct current.

These characteristics are essential and interrelated with the formation of a stable set of essential features, sufficient to obtain the desired technical result.

The present invention is illustrated with a specific example of implementation, which, however, is not only possible, but clearly demonstrates the possibility of achieving the desired technical result.

Figure 1 is a transverse section of the device for electrical conversion of a mixture of water and hydrocarbons;

figure 2 - section a-a of figure 1.

According to the present invention discusses a method of converting a mixture of water and hydrocarbons, which belongs to the category of single-stage process and involves mixing water and hydrocarbons to obtain a water-hydrocarbon mixture, after which the water-hydrocarbon mixture moves along the electrodes of elektrorazryadnykh and passed through this mixture electrical discharges or direct current, by changing the parameters which govern the changes of the C-H correlations in molecules of the final product.

This method was tested on the industrial setting and allow the us to improve the quality of oil and oil products, disposal of oil-100, tar, paraffin and nefteshlamov, the increase in the volume of finished products and the reduction of harmful emissions into the environment by energy enterprises and petrochemical industries.

The apparatus consists of a housing 1 (Fig 1)made inside with stereobase camera 2 or the camera, in which two opposite walls 3 made in the form of fragments of a surface of the second order (figure 2), the inverse located relative to each other. From opposite sides of this chamber to the housing summed up the two channels 4 and 5 for the supply under pressure, respectively, of the hydrocarbon component (oil, oil products, oil and water. Thus the longitudinal axis of the channels are shifted relative to each other so that the flow of the hydrocarbon component of the channel under pressure enters one stereopathy wall 3 of the camera 2, and a stream of water to another stereopathy wall 3 of the camera 2. As these walls 3 made in the form of fragments of a surface of the second order, if you interact with these walls, the flow is brief, and both streams are mixed, heading into the cylindrical channel 6, through which the mixture of hydrocarbon component and water is routed to the output channel 7. Thus the longitudinal axis of the channel 6 is perpendicular to the direction of the axes of the channels 4 and 5. With this arrangement, the channels are changing the direction of flow of the MCA and, that increases the mixing.

Channel 6 is placed elektrorazryadnykh representing the Central longitudinal axis of the channel 7 along its longitudinal axis located the first electrode 8 (metal) and the second electrode 9 (metal), which is mounted on the inner wall of the channel 7. This electrode 9 may be made in the form of a ring or annular sleeve covering the first electrode, or in the form of several interconnected plates secured to the inner wall of the channel 7. Both electrodes are connected to a power source (not shown)made with adjustable values of the voltage and/or current. During the synthesis between the electrodes occurs discharge (pulse or series of pulses or permanent) or DC current is flowing, which is passed through moving through the channel 7 a mixture of water and hydrocarbon component.

By passing an electric discharge through a mixture of the last change of the C-H correlations in molecules of the mixture, leading to the formation of a new product, different from the original hydrocarbon.

Below are the results of industrial testing this way. As a source of raw materials used mazut M 100 SHNOS the following composition (table 1):

Table 1
NameTemperature limits, °CVolume %
GasolineNK - 200°C0.00
Diesel200°-360°C8.00
Diesel GREW200°-380°C10.00
Oil360°-500°C55.00
Tar500° and above37.00

As water was used artesian water. Installing output power setting devices 200 W, the line capacity of 170 m3per hour at a pressure of 10 kg/cm2.

After passing mazut M 100 SHNOS through the installation of electric discharges was obtained a new connection, in which the tar was reduced by 2/3, appeared heavy and light fractions, about 8%, and the residual component has increased in volume by 25%. Comparison table of raw materials and the resulting product are shown in table 2.

Table 2
Nai is inovania Raw materialsThe resulting productΔ, %
Gasoline0.000.10+0.10
Diesel8.008.15+0.15
Diesel RAF10.0017.69+7.69
Oil55.0079.78+At 24.78
Tar37.0011.97-25.03

When you convert the amount of light fractions increased to 14.2%, while the tar is completely transformed into oil. Thus, in the processing of fuel oil (in accordance with the present method) tar practically disappeared, there were ~60% of the light fraction, which corresponds to the oil category I.

Synthesis of hydrocarbons and water in electrochemical processing is accompanied by the conversion of heavy fractions into the lungs, is a chemical change in molecular composition, increases the specific content of odor is Yes, and changing the processing mode of the mixture and its saturation with water is accompanied by a deepening conversion of heavy fractions into the lungs.

Changes in the physicochemical properties of the source of hydrocarbons is due to the influence of electric pulses or DC, which provides the excitation of the molecules or at the resonant frequencies of these relations, or on the lower energy level and dissociation in the subsequent evolution of vibrational States of molecules in water as well as the raw materials, as well as clashes effective impact on the relationship between the complexes of atoms, which leads to rupture of these bonds, the release of hydrogen atoms in the hydrocarbon component, and water, and education at the output of the spark gap of new formations. The destruction of intermolecular bonds, such as hydrate shells of colloidal particles in the aqueous solution, with the formation of chemically active particles can modify the properties of oil.

A feature of the present method and device is that this device can be installed at the outlet of the well, which will allow oil production to change its composition. Processing regardless of the location of the installation as possible at a constant voltage, and the impact of the mixture, including resonant hour is Utah. In both cases, the values of current and voltage are chosen depending on the quality of raw materials and requirements to the required product.

The present invention is industrially applicable and allows you to:

1. To make processing of the extracted oil and heavy hydrocarbons into light fractions with enhanced thermal power, thermal and environmental quality indicators compared with existing types of engine and boiler fuels.

2. Conversion of heavy crude oils and residual fuel oil in the export-commodity oil of mark Brent.

3. Dispose of accumulated mazut-100, tar, waxes and naftiliaki in the energy fuel for industrial and domestic purposes.

4. To reduce the negative environmental impact of enterprises of fuel and energy complex and petrochemicals.

1. A device for converting a mixture of water and hydrocarbons, representing the case in which is formed a chamber in which two opposite walls are made in the form of fragments of a surface of the second order inverse located relative to each other, while other walls with holes for channel formation pressure feed hydrocarbon and the feed channel pressure water, with the longitudinal axis of the openings of the channels are shifted relative to each other for example the effect of the flow of hydrocarbons in the direction of one wall in the form of a fragment of the surface of the second order and direction of water flow in the direction of the other wall in the form of a fragment of the surface of the second order, while the body is made cylindrical channel communicated with the chamber, and a longitudinal axis which is perpendicular to the direction of the longitudinal axes of the channels of the supply under pressure of the hydrocarbon feedstock and water, and in the hollow cylindrical channel along its longitudinal axis placed one electrode of a spark gap, and a second electrode which is fixed on the inner wall of the channel, and electrodes connected to a power source, configured to control the magnitude of voltage and/or current.

2. The method of conversion of a mixture of water and hydrocarbons electric effects, implemented in the device according to claim 1, consisting in mixing the water and hydrocarbon to obtain a water-hydrocarbon mixtures, characterized in that after mixing the water-hydrocarbon mixture moves along the electrodes of elektrorazryadnykh and passed through this mixture of electric discharges.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: in the caustic reactor for hydrocarbons the source of oxygen and the source of hydrocarbons are burnt and the obtained synthetic gas is used for initiation of a gas-phase reaction for ennobling heavy crude oil.

EFFECT: ennobling reaction is quickly extinguished after initiation of the gas-phase reaction.

42 cl, 1 ex, 8 tbl, 11 dwg

FIELD: petrochemical industry; other industries; methods and the devices for hydrocracking of the heavy hydrocarbon fractions.

SUBSTANCE: inventions is pertaining to the method of hydrocracking of the heavy hydrocarbon fractions. The previously heated up to the temperature of 60-370°С heavy hydrocarbon fraction is exposed to "bombardment" by hydrogen ions and ions of the hydroxyl group in the reactor without access of oxygen. At that the ions of hydrogen and the ions of the hydroxyl group are fed into the chamber in the form of plasma. As the object of the invention is the device used for hydrocracking of the heavy hydrocarbon fractions. The device contains the reactor, which has: the level sensor, the temperature detector, the fitting pipe used for withdrawal of the non-reacted part of the heavy fractions in the liquid state, the fitting pipe used for withdrawal of the reacted part of the hydrocarbon fractions in the vaporous state. At that in the upper part of the reactor there is the mounted plasmatron with the nozzle, and in its lower part there is the mounted fitting pipe used for feeding of the heavy hydrocarbon fractions with the spray jet with the capability to adjust the spacing interval from the nozzle of the plasmatron up to its upper part. The method and the device for its implementation are aimed to simplify the production process of hydrocracking of the heavy hydrocarbon raw, to increase efficiency at the expense of capability to adjust the degree of splitting of the hydrocarbon molecules by the duration of the "bombardment" by their ions, by the kinetic energy of the ions, the initial temperature of the hydrocarbon molecules, and also due to the capabilities of the device to operate in two technological modes: production of the gas or the liquid light factions.

EFFECT: invention ensures simplification the technology of hydrocracking of the heavy hydrocarbon raw, the increased efficiency, the device capabilities to operate in two technological modes: production of the gas or the liquid light fractions.

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SUBSTANCE: hydrocracking of heavy hydrocarbon stock is accomplished by feeding preheated feedstock and hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gas to reactor, heating the charge in reactor, and discharging cracking products, which are passed to separation stage. Reactor has two convection chambers with convective and radiation coils disposed therein. Hydrocracking is carried out, in particular, in reactor radiant coil zone with variable-cross section tubes allowing flow rate 50 to 310 m/s at 440-500 flow rate 50 to 310 m/s at 440-500°C.

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SUBSTANCE: hydropyrolysis of hydrocarbon feedstock is effected in tubular pyrolysis furnace in presence of steam and hydrogen. Hydrocarbon feedstock is, in particular, a mixture of gasoline and hydrogenated C9+-fraction of liquid pyrolysis products isolated as side-cut distillate from bottom residue obtained in fractionation of C6-C10+-fraction of liquid pyrolysis products to produce benzene-toluene fraction, the two mixture components being taken at weight ratio (70-80):(20-30), respectively. Molar ratios hydrogen/hydrocarbon feed and hydrogen/C9+-fraction are (1-3):1 and (5.3-15.85):1, respectively.

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FIELD: petroleum processing.

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FIELD: petroleum processing and petrochemistry.

SUBSTANCE: hydrocracking of heavy hydrocarbon stock is accomplished by feeding preheated feedstock and hydrogen or hydrogen-containing gas to reactor, heating the charge in reactor, and discharging cracking products, which are passed to separation stage. Reactor has two convection chambers with convective and radiation coils disposed therein. Hydrocracking is carried out, in particular, in reactor radiant coil zone with variable-cross section tubes allowing flow rate 50 to 310 m/s at 440-500 flow rate 50 to 310 m/s at 440-500°C.

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6 cl, 3 dwg, 2 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: petrochemical industry; other industries; methods and the devices for hydrocracking of the heavy hydrocarbon fractions.

SUBSTANCE: inventions is pertaining to the method of hydrocracking of the heavy hydrocarbon fractions. The previously heated up to the temperature of 60-370°С heavy hydrocarbon fraction is exposed to "bombardment" by hydrogen ions and ions of the hydroxyl group in the reactor without access of oxygen. At that the ions of hydrogen and the ions of the hydroxyl group are fed into the chamber in the form of plasma. As the object of the invention is the device used for hydrocracking of the heavy hydrocarbon fractions. The device contains the reactor, which has: the level sensor, the temperature detector, the fitting pipe used for withdrawal of the non-reacted part of the heavy fractions in the liquid state, the fitting pipe used for withdrawal of the reacted part of the hydrocarbon fractions in the vaporous state. At that in the upper part of the reactor there is the mounted plasmatron with the nozzle, and in its lower part there is the mounted fitting pipe used for feeding of the heavy hydrocarbon fractions with the spray jet with the capability to adjust the spacing interval from the nozzle of the plasmatron up to its upper part. The method and the device for its implementation are aimed to simplify the production process of hydrocracking of the heavy hydrocarbon raw, to increase efficiency at the expense of capability to adjust the degree of splitting of the hydrocarbon molecules by the duration of the "bombardment" by their ions, by the kinetic energy of the ions, the initial temperature of the hydrocarbon molecules, and also due to the capabilities of the device to operate in two technological modes: production of the gas or the liquid light factions.

EFFECT: invention ensures simplification the technology of hydrocracking of the heavy hydrocarbon raw, the increased efficiency, the device capabilities to operate in two technological modes: production of the gas or the liquid light fractions.

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FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: in the caustic reactor for hydrocarbons the source of oxygen and the source of hydrocarbons are burnt and the obtained synthetic gas is used for initiation of a gas-phase reaction for ennobling heavy crude oil.

EFFECT: ennobling reaction is quickly extinguished after initiation of the gas-phase reaction.

42 cl, 1 ex, 8 tbl, 11 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the device for transformation of hydrocarbon row material and water mixture representing the body whereat the chamber is formed with to opposite walls designed as a fragment of second-degree surface inversely positioned relative to each other; in the other walls the holes are made for forming of the channels feeding under the pressure the hydrocarbon row material and water. The longitudinal axis of the channel holes are displaced relative to each other in order to direct the flow of hydrocarbon row material flow to one wall and the water flow - to another with both flows being in the form of second-degree surface fragment. The body is provided with cylindrical channel connected with chamber, it longitudinal axis is perpendicular to the longitudinal axes of the channels feeding under the pressure the hydrocarbon row material and water; in the recess of the cylindrical channel along its longitudinal axis one discharger electrode is located, its second electrode is fixed on the inner wall of this channel with electrodes switching to energy supply which design provides the possibility of voltage and/or current control. Invention also refers to the method for transformation of water/hydrocarbon row material mixture by the action of electricity implemented in the claimed device.

EFFECT: improvement of the method.

2 cl, 2 tbl, 2 dwg

FIELD: oil-and-gas production.

SUBSTANCE: invention related to method of crude hydrocarbons preparation for further advanced cracking, includes heating hydrogen and carbons up, deliver them into soaking chamber, the method differs from others in that fluid (for instance oil, oil residue) row material heats up or heats up and treats with chemical cracking, then delivers to reactor - mixer without catalyst, molecular hydrogen or light medias with hydrogen content, particularly gas and gasoline fraction cut-back products enriched with hydrogen, created during preparation process, heat up separately from crude hydrocarbons if necessary, deliver with greater pressure than in reactor - mixer to the stage of active atomic hydrogen process with heated up to required temperature catalyst, after that deliver active hydrogen into reactor - mixer to the cracking zone at stage of product under cracking and active hydrogen intensive mixing in order to create a chemical reaction, deliver chemical reaction products to separation stage, deliver reaction light desired cut, mainly with boiling temperature up to 360°C, to stage of processing light desired products (liquefied gas, gasoline, kerosene, diesel), deliver partly or totally heavy residue, mainly with a starting boiling temperature 360°C, to the stage of processing of heavy products (bitumen, chark) and/or partly or totally send to the secondary processing, according to the method to the process very beginning for mixing with row material or directly to stage of row material heating and cracking, solid hydrocarbons (such as coal, slate, plant products) send to the stage of fine dispensing and bring into raw material and/or into heavy residue before its mixing with raw material or before delivery at heating and cracking stage, gas hydrocarbons also sent into raw material and/or heavy residue before it mixed or before delivery at heating and cracking stage, in a way that stages of cracking and hydrogen heating or medias with hydrogen content and catalyst, process of active atomic hydrogen, mixing of material under cracking with hydrogen and separation on light part and heavy residue can be performed in one apparatus.

EFFECT: increase in light desired products outcome up to 100%.

5 cl, 2 tbl, 2 dwg

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