Converter of fluid medium energy (versions)

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: converter of fluid medium energy is related to the field of renewable energy sources, namely to energy of river or gas and its conversion mainly to electric energy. Converter comprises frame and cinematically connected the first and second, third and fourth vanes, the first and second overrunning clutches installed on central shaft, power generator, magnets installed in vanes. Converter is equipped with conical pair of gears that interact with multiplier and power generator, the first, second, third and fourth central sprockets, which interact with each other by the first and second units of vane opening and closing, and also third and fourth overrunning clutches, the first, second, third and fourth chains. The first - fourth vanes are installed on frame with the possibility to make reciprocal motion in direction of medium flow and to interact via the first - fourth chains with appropriate central sprockets. Every vane comprises vertical stand and two folding halves, on upper end of every vane half there is a pair of bearings installed, which interact with units of opening and closing of vane. Magnet is installed on every half of vane, and stand of vane is fixed to chain. In the end of working stroke every half of vane via bearings is arranged as interacting with appropriate units of vane closing, and in the end of passive stroke folded halves of vane are arranged as interacting with appropriate units of vane opening.

EFFECT: design simplification and reduction of converter prime cost.

7 cl, 11 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of using renewable energy sources, namely wind and hydro energy, and convert them to other uses, mainly in electrical energy.

Known wind power installation (RU # 2125182 C1, 20.01.1999, F03D 5/04) using the main working element in the form of a sail mounted on the platform. The platform is connected, in turn, in part, the beginning and the end of which are connected together, i.e. form a ring. The composition is set to the appropriate size platforms circular path. The sail has the greatest utilization of wind energy. The power developed by the plant, is taken from the shaft of the wheels of the platform.

The disadvantage of this wind energy installation is mechanical (manual) initial orientation of the sail depending on the wind direction and manual adjustment of its position when the wind direction changes. In addition, the orientation of the sail changes synchronously throughout the time of passage of the platform along a circular path. During this time the sail makes a half-turn (180) around its axis (hours). Such a change in the orientation of the blade (sails) on the vast stretch of passage of the platform along a circular path does not provide an effective selection of wind energy.

Also known wind turbine(RU # 2224135 C1, 20.02.2004, F03D 5/00), which according to their design characteristics can be specified as a prototype of the proposed Converter of energy.

The prototype contains circular road, platform, rack, blade, vane, site orientation and fixing the position of the blade.

Platform rotate around a vertical Central shaft from which motion is transmitted to the generator or water pump.

The disadvantages of the prototype is the complexity of the design, site orientation and fixation of the blade, which complicates its use. Furthermore, the design of the prototype is not possible to use hydraulic motors.

The objective of the invention is to simplify the design of the Converter and the expansion of its use in hydropower installations.

The task in the first embodiment is achieved in the energy Converter of the fluid containing the frame and kinematically interconnected first and second, third and fourth blades, the first and second overrunning clutches mounted on the Central shaft, an electric generator, the magnets installed on the blades, according to the invention it is provided with a pair of conical gears, interacting with a multiplier and an electric generator, the first, second, third and fourth Central stars, interacting, drugs friend first and second nodes of the opening and closing of the blade, and the third and fourth overrunning clutches, carriers which are associated with the respective Central stars, and the hub is stationary mounted on the Central shaft, first, second, third and fourth circuits, the first - fourth of the blade mounted on the frame with the possibility to perform a reciprocating motion in the direction of the current environment and interaction through the first - fourth chain with the relevant Central stars, the second pair of blades is shifted relative to the first pair by a quarter period (90), and each blade includes a vertical rack and two folding halves on the top of each half of the blade is installed a pair of bearings, interacting with nodes in the opening and closing of the blade, and the magnet is installed on each side of the blade, and the front blade is still connected with a chain, with the end of the stroke each half of the blade through the bearings made of interacting with the corresponding nodes of the closing blade, and at the end of the passive turn the folded half of the blades are made of interacting with the corresponding nodes of the disclosure of the blade.

The Converter is equipped nodes adjust the angle of the blades interacting with the folding halves of the blades and mounted on the top and bottom to the Zach hours, the upper end of the bar by means of a strap pivotally connected with two rollers, freely rolling around on the verge of a corner of the upper frame of the frame, and the lower end of the bar pivotally connected with the third roller, rolling around on the verge of a corner of the bottom frame of the frame.

Each node adjust the angle of the blade contains coaxially and pivotally installed at the front blade outer and inner sleeve with inclined oppositely directed openings, permanently associated respectively with the left and right halves of the blade and the bracket, one tip which made interacting with the inclined cut out sleeves and the other end is connected with the ring installed on the front blade with the free longitudinal movement and through a spring interacting with the restrictive ring mounted stationary on the front blade.

The Converter includes the additional first and second sealed chamber fixedly connected with the front sides of the frame.

Site disclosure of the blade contains interacting with each other through the first spring inner and outer sleeve, the wedge and the bounding plates, and the outer sleeve is still connected with the wedge and the bounding plates and has only a longitudinal displacement relative to the inner sleeve, still include the Noah with vertical stand.

Node closing blades includes interacting with each other two pairs of bearings, a pair of magnets, a pair of spring stops, hinge mounted on two brackets fixedly connected with the frame.

The task of the second option is achieved in the energy Converter fluid containing kinematically interconnected first and second, third and fourth blades, the first and second overrunning clutches mounted on the Central shaft, an electric generator, the magnets installed on the blades, according to the invention it is provided with a pair of conical gears, interacting with a multiplier and an electric generator, the first, second, third and fourth Central stars, interacting with each other, the first and second nodes of the opening and closing of the blade, two parallel adjacent tubes in the middle which has an airtight chamber inside each pipe installed on two blades consisting of two halves, two upright support arms, which are pivotally mounted the corresponding stars on the walls of the branched pipe sections by means of brackets pivotally installed an additional four stars, and in a sealed chamber mounted vertically Central hour with the possibility of free rotation, which, in turn, motionless mouth is attached to the first hub, the second, third and fourth Central stars, each of which use the first - fourth chains separately connected with the first, second, third and fourth blades, respectively, with each half of the blades are made of semi-circular shape with a pair of bearings pivotally mounted on the upper and lower ends of each rack of blades connected by a horizontal jumpers, magnets installed in horizontal section of the halves of the blades and parallel circuits, permanently associated with the racks of blades, stretched first and second cables, freely passed through racks of blades.

Figure 1 presents a top view of the first variant of the energy Converter fluid medium, where:

1 - frame;

2 is a vertical uprights;

3, the first and second sealed chamber;

4 - cables;

5 - frame top;

6 - star;

7 - brackets;

8 - upper platform;

9 - node disclosure blades;

10 - node closing blades;

11 - bearings;

12 - magnets;

13 - the first star;

14, 15, 16, 17 - the first, second, third and fourth folding blades;

18, 19, the first and second chain.

Figure 2 presents a section a-a of the energy Converter of figure 1, where the positions 1-19 are the same as in figure 2;

20 - star Central;

21 - overrunning clutch;

22 - bearings;

23 - site adjustment of the angle of the blade;

24 - webmachine gear;

25 is a driven bevel gear;

26 - frame bottom;

27 is a bottom platform;

28 - the upper and lower chain;

29 - the Central shaft;

30 - jumpers;

31 - rollers.

Figure 3 presents the cut-In of figure 1, where:

32 - top platform;

33 is a horizontal common output shaft;

34, 35, 36, 37 first, second, third and fourth overrunning clutch with the stars 38;

39, 40, 41,42 the first, second, third and fourth circuits;

43, 44 - upper and lower bearings;

45, 46 - leading and driven bevel gears;

47 - fifth of the overrunning clutch;

48 - flywheel;

49 - brackets.

4 shows the section d-D in figure 3, where the position 6-42 are the same as in figure 3.

Figure 5 presents the design of the folding blades 15, where:

50 - resistant ring;

51, 52 to the first, second mounting ring;

53 - right, folding half of the blade;

54 - glass;

55, 56 inner and outer sleeves with inclined slits;

57 - second jumper;

58 is a movable ring;

59 - clamp;

60 - ring restrictive;

61 - locking bolt;

62 - the first spring;

63 - brackets;

64 - rollers;

65 - the axis of rotation;

66 sided frame;

67 - chain;

68 - hour front blades;

69 - ring guide;

70 - pin;

71 - swivel.

Figure 6 presents the node adjustment of the angle of the blade 23, the DG is: position 50-71 the same, that figure 5;

72 - the left half of the blade;

73, 74 - notches 55 in the outer and inner bushings 56.

Figure 7 presents the design of the site disclosure of the blade 9, where: position 2, 14 are the same as in figure 1;

75 - clamp;

76 - the inner Cup;

77 - external glass;

78 - groove;

79 - wedge;

80 - spring;

81 - restrictive plate;

82 - bolt.

On Fig presents the design of the site closing of the blade 10, where:

83 - Planck installation with clamp;

84 - stops;

85 - second spring;

86 - brackets;

87, 88, the first and second pair of bearings.

Figure 9 presents the section d-D in figure 10, where:

89 the gas pipeline (pipeline);

90 - the left and right branching;

91 - hour front blades;

92 - folding blades;

93 - bearings;

94 - nodes disclosure blades;

95 - chain;

96 - stars;

97 - brackets;

98 - hours;

99 - second brackets;

100 - star Central;

101 sites closing blades;

102 - sealed Luggage.

Figure 10 presents the section C-C in figure 9, where:

103, 104 upper and lower lids;

105, 106 left and right rack of blades;

107, 108 left and right folding blades;

109 - stars;

110, 111, 112, 113 of the first, second, third and fourth Central star;

114 - chain;

115, 116, 117, 118 first, second, third and fourth overrunning clutch;

119 - needle bearing is Nicky;

120, 121 is a leading and driven bevel gears;

122 - multiplier;

123 - generator;

124 - bearings;

125 - brackets;

126 Central shaft.

Figure 11 presents a view of round folding blades, where:

127 - the left and right half of the blade;

128, 129 to the upper and lower bearings;

130 - brackets;

131 - resistant ring;

132 - set ring;

133 - stops host closed the blades;

134 - chain;

135 - rope guide;

136 - bearings;

137 - brackets.

The principle of operation of the energy Converter of the fluid, the design of which is presented on figure 1 - Fig, is as follows.

The energy Converter is designed to convert the energy flowing river into electrical or mechanical energy. The design of the Converter consists of a rigid frame, the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped. Top 5 and bottom 26 of the rectangular frame are welded from metal area. The elongated sides of the frames of the rectangular faces of the parts 69 are directed upwards and downwards. The frames are connected to each other using six vertical columns 2 and form a rigid frame 1.

To provide positive buoyancy of the energy Converter when it is immersed in water, the end corners of the upper frame still attached first and second sealed Cham is s (pontoons) 3. The volume of the sealed chambers is chosen such that the upper platform 19 and installed it mechanisms (position 5-25) was found in surface position.

Using two cables 4 energy Converter attached to the pins hammered into the ground on both sides of the river. The upright 2 by means of brackets 7 pivotally mounted star 6. Stars set on four levels. Through the stars around his neck and strained four circuit 28. They form four rectangular contour. Two of them are at the top, two at the bottom. In each circuit the circuit is additionally around the Central star 20 mounted on the respective overrunning clutch 21, the hub of which is fixedly mounted on the Central shaft of the gear 29.

The first version of the energy Converter includes four blades, which consist of two folding rectangular halves. Both halves of the blades are pivotally mounted on vertical front blades 68 can be rotated from 0 to 90. On the rack 68 on the top and bottom blades are nodes adjust the angle of the blade 23. Over the two halves of the blade pivotally mounted bearings 11. At the end of the stroke of the blade, these bearings interact with supports host closed the blades 10, which press the two halves of the blade to each other. The magnets 12 mounted in Nakonechny the hands the two halves of the blade, keep this folded position of the blade to the end of the passive (reverse) turn the blade against the current of the river. At the end of the passive section bearings 11 bump on the tip of the wedge node disclosure blades 9, which, overcoming the force of attraction of the magnets, separates the left and right half of the blades from each other. Further disclosure of the blade helps compressed first spring 62 node adjust the angle of the blade and the impending flow of water. However, the bounding plates 81 node disclosure blades 9 prevent full disclosure of the blade prior to complete closing of the second blade in working position.

At that time, when the second (right) 15 blade is passive (folded) position, the first (left) 14 blade is in a working (open) position.

The switch blades from the working active position to the passive, and Vice versa, occurs almost simultaneously.

To ensure synchronous operation of the generator, when the blades of the energy Converter are in the "meter point", can be used flywheel 48, mounted on a common output shaft 33.

In this design for the same purpose, and also to increase the power used by the second pair of blades, the movement of which is shifted relative movement of the first pair of 90 (see figure 2 and figure 3). Each time hot the least one blade is in the open, i.e. in the working position. In the working position are two blades, one on right and left sides of the frame. The moments generated by the water pressure on the working blade, are summed at a common output shaft 33. This increases the synchronicity of rotation of the output shaft. To increase power output possible parallel connection of a large number of such power converters. For this purpose, on a vertical shaft 29 is mounted a leading bevel gear 45, which transmits the rotation of the driven gear 46 mounted on a common shaft 33 passing through the centers concurrently or sequentially installed energy converters.

Figure 2 presents a view a-a of figure 1. On the corner of the upper frame 5 roll the rollers 31, connected to each other by a crosspiece 30. Jumper still connected with the upper end of the front blade 68. On the lower end of the front blade also still has the third roller, which rolls on the corner of the lower frame 26. On the rack pivotally mounted blade, consisting of two halves. Both halves of the blades interact with the upper and lower nodes adjust the angle of the blade 23. These sites regulate the opening angle of the two halves of the blade in the range from 0 to 180, depending on the speed of the river flow.

The power Converter consists of two parts, symmetric otnositelno Central shaft 29. Each part contains two blades and eight stars, 6 set in two tiers. Stars swivel mounted at the corners of the rectangle and using the appropriate brackets associated with vertical posts 2 of the frame 1. Through the stars of the upper and lower tiers thrown chain 39-42, interacting with the two upper and two lower Central stars 38, respectively. The Central star is still installed on the clips respective overrunning 34-37, the hub of which is stationary mounted on the Central shaft 29. Overrunning clutch mounted on the shaft so that when entering the first clutch and the third overrunning the second and third overrunning clutch out of the clutch and Vice versa. Regardless of this switch Central shaft 29 rotates continuously in the same direction.

Thus, regardless of the direction of movement of the blades 8 and the rotation of the Central stars 38 torques of the four Central stars pairs are formed and transferred to a common output shaft 33. Chain transmission eliminates slippage and has high efficiency.

To install the Central shaft 29 of the multiplier and the generator are the top 32 and the bottom 27 of the platform. These platforms still attached to the middle of the upper and lower frames. On the Central shaft 29 still installed leading tapered pole is RNA 45. Driven bevel gear 46 is stationary mounted on the ferrule of the fifth overrunning clutch 47, the hub of which is stationary mounted on a common output shaft 33. The shaft may be connected to the multiplier. From the multiplier rotation is transmitted to the generator or water pump (figure 2 not specified).

Sealed chamber (pontoons) 3 has a streamlined shape and is attached to the middle of the end sides of the frame 1. They provide the necessary positive buoyancy of the energy Converter in the flow of water. In addition, its enclosures sealed chamber to divide the flow of water into two parts and send them to the working blade.

4 shows the kinematic chain connection between the 6 stars and Central stars 38 mounted on the overrunning clutch 36-37.

Figure 5 presents the design of the folding blades 14-17, together with two nodes adjust the angle of the blade 23. The upper rollers 64 by means of brackets 63 are connected with a jumper 30. Center jumper still connected to the front blade 68. In fact, the blade is suspended from the lateral corner of the upper frame 1. The lower end of the bar 68 by means of a bracket 63 is connected with the third lower roller 64. Roller with bracket cover a square bottom frame 26. Such installation of the blades provides free reciprocating movement along the lateral re is er frames 5, 26.

On the rack 68 are still two retainer rings 50. Over the thrust rings at the front blades installed the first 51 and second 52 setting rings with the possibility of free rotation. With the first ring 51 with the second jumper 57 still connected to one half of the blade (for example, left 72). With the second ring 52 with the jumper still connected to the other (right) half of the blade 53.

When changing the speed of the river flow to adjust the effective area of the blades are used, the nodes adjust the angle of the blade 23, which includes positions 55-70.

To hold the blades in the closed position there are two magnet 12. The magnets are fixed on the front edge of the two halves of the blade with the inner sides. The contour of each half of the blade may be made of a tube of rectangular or circular cross-section, covered with fiberglass and covered with fiberglass 54. The small size of the blades can be used on only one node 23 mounted above the blade.

Site adjustment of the angle of the blade 23 is composed of external and 55 internal 56 bushings with inclined slits. These bushings worn on the front blade 68 with the possibility of free rotation. The external sleeve of the second jumper 57 still connected with the right side of the blade 53, and the inner sleeve also with the aid of the d jumper still connected to the left half of the blade 72 (see 6). Inclined notches 73, 74 in the sleeve 55, 56 are directed in different directions - "cross". The incisions take on the circumference of the bushings 90 with the addition of the thickness of the tip of the bracket 59. Lower the tip of the bracket is cut out of both sleeves 73, 74. Top tip bracket still connected with a movable ring 58. Over a movable ring mounted to the first cylindrical spring 62. One end of the first spring abuts against the restrictive ring 60 with locking bolt 61. The second end of the spring 62 abuts against the end face of the rolling ring 58.

When closing the blade at the end of the stroke bearings 11 mounted on the upper end of each half of the blade, bump stops on site closing of the blade 10. The angle between the two halves of the blades decreases from 180 to 0. This inclined notches 73, 74 in the sleeve 55, 56 push the tip of the bracket 59 down. Spring 62 contributes to the further reduction of the angle between the two halves of the blades. Clamped between the bounding 60 and movable rings 58, the spring moves the ring 58 and an associated bracket 59 down. Tip bracket cooperates with inclined slits and expands the sleeve 55, 56, and associated right and left half of the blades towards each other. The lower position of the bracket 59 corresponds to the complete closing of the blades. Magnets hold 12 closed position is and the full section of the passive turn the blades.

Disclosure of blades is carried out using a wedge node disclosure blades 9, overcoming the magnetic forces of attraction between the two magnets 12 mounted on the two sides of the blade. The angle between the two halves of the blade increases. This process helps counter the flow of water. When opening the two halves of the blade associated bushings 55 and 56 are deployed in mutually opposite directions. The interaction of the notches 73 and 74 of the lug on the bracket 59 leads to the fact that the spring 62 is compressed. This leads to the prevention of shock when opening the blade. The angle of the blade may be adjusted by moving the restrictive ring with a locking bolt on the front blade, and selecting the stiffness of the spring 62. The change in effective area of the blades occurs when changing the velocity of the river. Changing the angle of the two halves of the blade will allow you to adjust the speed of rotation of the output shaft, and hence the generator in a wide range of changes in the flow velocity of the medium (water).

Installation of two nodes adjust the angle of the blade 23 at the two ends of the rack 68 allows to increase the reliability of the energy Converter with larger blades.

The principle of operation of the node disclosure of the blade, the design of which is presented on Fig.7, concludes what I'm following.

The node is attached to the bar 2 of the frame with the clamp 75. The clamp still associated with the inner Cup 76. The outer Cup 77 is installed on the inner glass free longitudinal displacement. For this purpose in the outer Cup is provided a longitudinal groove 78. The bolt 82 passes freely through the slot and screwed on to a threaded hole in the inner Cup.

The outer end of the Cup is welded to a flat wedge 79, oriented in the horizontal plane. The spring 80 is open on radiatia and press the cups from each other. In addition, in the plane of the wedge with two sides to the side surfaces of the outer Cup is welded to the bounding plates 81.

With the approach of the closed blades in extreme upper position (see figure 2) his front bearings 11 bump on the tip of the wedge 79 site disclosure of the blade 9.

The second blade 16 at this time is in half-open position.

The first bearings 11 interact with the stops 84 host closed the blade 10. However, the effective area of the first blade 14 is greater than the second, and pushes the second blade at the tip of the wedge 79. Overcoming the attractive forces of the magnets 12, the wedge opens the second blade 15. Side of the bounding plates 81 are holding the second blade in half-open position while the first blade is completely closed and the magnets 12 commits uh what about the position. At this point in time, the second blade compresses the spring 80, maintains the gap between the two halves of the blade using the bounding plates 81.

After the close of the first blade 14 a countercurrent flow of water and compressed spring 80 pushes the second blade 15 in the opposite direction. Once the bearings 11 of the second blades 15 will be released from the gap between the plates 81, the blade will fully reveal.

After this, the reverse movement, and the chain pulls behind itself closed the first blade 14.

After the first blade reaches the first node disclosure of the blade 9, a similar process is repeated.

Thus, automatically processes the withdrawal of the blades from the extreme of "dead" pixels.

The principle of operation of the site closing of the blade 10, the design of which is presented on Fig, is as follows.

Node closing the blade is attached to the bar 2 of the frame 1 by means of horizontal installed the bracket with a clamp 83.

Depending on the size of the blades, which are determined by the power Converter, the nodes can only be installed on top or simultaneously from both sides - top and bottom.

Node closing the blade 10 includes two stops S-shaped profile, pivotally mounted on the ends of the arms 86. The other ends of the brackets still associated with the alignment bar 83, fixed to the yoke. the seats swivel lugs 84 to a bracket 86 mounted to the second spring 85, providing a pressure lower ends of the lugs to each other (see Fig).

The first 87 and 88 second pair of bearings mounted on the upper and lower end edges of each of the two halves of the blade. These bearings interact in turn with the lugs 84 host closed the blade 10.

Initially in contact with the open ends of the lugs includes a second pair of bearings 88. Stops forcibly reduce the angle between the two halves of the blade. After the second pair of bearings is place swivel lugs with mounting brackets 86, they are pushed into the ends of the stops. At this point, at the same time begins the process of interaction of the wedge of the second node disclosure of the blade with the appropriate blade. Further interaction of the second bearing with a curved sections of the stops 84 leads to closing the opened front ends of the stops. The ends of the bump stops on the first pair of bearings 11. This interaction leads to the closing of the blades. The magnets 12 mounted on the front edges of the two halves of the blade, hold the closed position of the blade throughout its passive movements against the current environment.

Figure 9 and figure 10 presents the design of the second version of the energy Converter, intended for installation in a pipeline or pipeline.

To install the information of the sensors along the main gas pipelines and oil pipelines requires the development and creation of Autonomous sources of electricity, power of about 300 watts at a voltage of 9 Century Such sensors must be installed over 50 km along the main pipeline (or pipeline) 89.

To install the energy Converter is necessary to make the allotment (Appendix) from the main line and branch to the required quantity of gas or oil. After working gas (or oil) is again supplied to the main line. For this purpose it is necessary to install in the trunk lines required removable flap (septum)that increases the resistance of the main thread.

The principle of operation of the second variant of the energy Converter coincides with the first option presented on figure 1 - Fig. The difference lies in changing the design of individual elements, in particular, the allocation of output power. Branched flow of gas (or oil) in a pipeline (or pipeline) 89 is divided into two streams. To do this, the left and right fork pipes 90 are connected in parallel to each other and are connected to the bypass pipe. The energy Converter contains two identical mechanism. Each of them contains a closed rectangular loop of chain 95. At the corners of the two quadrilaterals using brackets 97 pivotally mounted eight stars 96. The middle four star swivel attached to the posts 98, mounted vertically inside the branched parallel teaching is tcov pipe 90. Four extreme star 96 by means of brackets 97 pivotally attached to the inclined pipe. This fastening stars should be such that the stretched chain is passed through the geometric axes parallel pipe sections 90. Central leading stars 110-113 are installed on the clips overrunning 115-118, hub mounted on a Central shaft 126 is stationary. To install the shaft 126, as well as the multiplier and the generator creates a special airtight chamber 102, which consists of parallel top, bottom and side walls, welded on all sides to the pipe 90. The pressure inside the chamber is set the same as inside of the pipes. The allocation of output power can be realized by using a magnetic coupling. For this purpose the top wall must be made of non-ferromagnetic material. Folding blades 92 are composed of two semicircular halves. In the middle of both halves of the blades installed bearings 93, interacting with supports host closed the blades 101. These units are installed on a Central horizontal section of the pipe.

Two nodes disclosure blades 94 of the first circuit are mounted next to the stars on the inclined pipe. Two other node disclosure are attached to the racks 98 second circuit, also close to the stars 96. The left and right halves of the blade swivel set the join at the front blade 91 is similar to the blades, presented in figure 5. Depending on the power conversion on each of the front blades can be installed one (or two) site adjustment of the angle of the blade. However, the adjustment of the rotation speed of the generator can be implemented by changing the pressure of gas or oil that branch from the main line in the Appendix.

To impart vertical position racks of blades 91 is used to guide the cable 135, stretched parallel to the chain 95. Axial circuit connected to the uprights of the blade still. The cable 135 passes freely through openings in the front blade and retains its vertical position when the reciprocating motion of the blade.

The upper and lower end of the front blades 91 are connected with horizontal ridges on the ends of which by means of brackets 130 mounted on two bearings 93, similar to the rollers 68 figure 5. The bearings roll along the inner surface of the pipe, while maintaining the vertical position of the racks of blades 91. Thus, it provides a free reciprocating movement of the blades along the two parallel sections of pipes. At any point in time in the open (operating) position are two blades. Thus the points of location of the blades in the end of "dead" spots in the first and second contours are displaced in time phase by 90. Under the same stars in the both the contours of this shift in phase is kept constant. This eliminates the coincidence in time of "dead" spots in the four paths.

To improve the synchronous rotation of the generator on the output shaft through the overrunning clutch can be installed massive flywheel (figure 10 not specified). Figure 10 relationship between racks of blades 105 (106) and the Central shaft is effected by means of a chain. For this purpose, the Central shaft 126 still installed first - fourth overrunning clutch 115-118, carriers are still linked to their Central stars 110-113. Hub overrunning fixedly mounted on the Central shaft. This overrunning clutch 115-118 set so that when entering the first clutch, the third clutch, the second and fourth clutch out of the clutch, i.e. is in the neutral position. The same size of the Central stars 110-113 and kinematic scheme of their inclusion, are presented in figure 4, the setting of an overrunning provides constant direction of rotation of the Central shaft 126, regardless of the direction of rotation of the Central stars 110-113. When setting the multiplier to a generator outside the sealed chamber 102 to transmit the torque of the Central shaft at a leading bevel gear 120 can be used magnetic coupling.

Rotation from the leading bevel gear 120 is transmitted to the driven is onicescu gear 121 (see figure 10). Driven gear mounted on the input shaft of the multiplier 122. The multiplier is used to increase the speed of rotation of the driven gear to the rated rotation speed generator 123. Generator with multiplier installed on the upper wall of the sealed chamber 102.

Rotation of the multiplier is transferred to the generator. If the generator is to use a synchronous three-phase motor, it can be placed in the internal cavity of the sealed chamber. In this case, there is no need to use a magnetic coupling. To output three-phase voltage from sealed cameras are used dielectric sleeve and metal rods. The latter are installed in the walls of the sealed chamber made of a metal pipe, with special gaskets.

The upper coupling with the stars 110 and 111 using the first circuit 95 interact with the first 105 and second 106 blades, and the lower clutch 117, 118 to the stars 112, 113 through the second and third circuits 114 - with the third and fourth lobes, respectively.

This overrunning clutch 115-118 set so that, when the clip is in the grip with the first hub, the third clutch, shroud of the second, fourth clutches out of the clutch to the hub. Another clutch couplings provides a rotation center which is a high shaft clockwise. Each time two of the four rings are in the clutch and transmit the torque on the Central shaft 126.

The chances of finding blades in "dead spots" must be shifted in phase by 90. When the first and third blades are in the extreme positions, i.e. in the "dead" spots, the other pair of blades should be in the open position.

This phase shift at any given time at least one of the circuits (95 or 114) should create a positive torque on the Central shaft. Regardless of the direction of movement of the first - fourth circuits of the Central shaft 126 and installed leading bevel gear 120 to rotate clockwise.

The rotation of the driven gear through fifth overrunning clutch is passed through the multiplier on the generator.

To improve synchronization of the rotation shaft of the multiplier can be set massive flywheel.

The energy Converter of the fluid can be used as an independent source of electrical energy where there is no centralized power.

1. The energy Converter of the fluid containing the frame and kinematically interconnected first and second, third and fourth blades, the first and second overrunning clutches mounted on the Central shaft, an electric generator, the magnets mounted on the vane is x, characterized in that it is provided with a pair of conical gears, interacting with a multiplier and an electric generator, the first, second, third and fourth Central stars, interacting with each other, the first and second nodes of the opening and closing of the blade, and the third and fourth overrunning clutches, carriers which are associated with the respective Central stars, and the hub is stationary mounted on the Central shaft, first, second, third and fourth circuits, the first - fourth of the blade mounted on the frame with the possibility to perform a reciprocating motion in the direction of the current environment and interaction through the first - fourth chain with relevant Central stars, the second pair of blades is shifted relative to the first pair by a quarter period (90), and each blade includes a vertical rack and two folding halves on the top of each half of the blade mounted a pair of bearings, interacting with nodes in the opening and closing of the blade, and the magnet is installed on each side of the blade, and the front blade is still connected with a chain, with the end of the stroke each half of the blade through the bearings made of interacting with the corresponding nodes of the closing blade, and at the end of the passive passage of ground is half the blades are made of interacting with the corresponding nodes disclosure the blades.

2. The Converter according to claim 1, characterized in that it is equipped nodes adjust the angle of the blades interacting with the folding halves of the blades and mounted on the upper and lower ends of the rack, with the upper end of the rack by means of a strap pivotally connected with two rollers, freely rolling around on the verge of a corner of the upper frame of the frame, and the lower end of the bar pivotally connected with the third roller, rolling around on the verge of a corner of the bottom frame of the frame.

3. The Converter according to claim 2, characterized in that each node adjust the angle of the blade contains coaxially and pivotally mounted on the front blade, the outer and inner sleeve with inclined oppositely directed openings, permanently connected, respectively, right and left halves of the blade and the bracket, one tip which made interacting with the inclined cut out sleeves and the other end is connected with the ring installed on the front blade with the free longitudinal movement and through a spring interacting with the restrictive ring mounted stationary on the front blade.

4. The Converter according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains additionally the first and second sealed chamber fixedly connected with the front sides of the frame.

5. The Converter according to claim 1, characterized who eat that site disclosure of the blade contains interacting with each other through the first spring inner and outer sleeve, the wedge and the bounding plates, and the outer sleeve is still connected with the wedge and the bounding plates and has only a longitudinal displacement relative to the inner sleeve, still associated with vertical stand.

6. The Converter according to claim 1, characterized in that the node closing blades includes interacting with each other two pairs of bearings, a pair of magnets, a pair of spring stops, hinge mounted on two brackets fixedly connected with the frame.

7. The energy Converter fluid containing kinematically interconnected first and second, third and fourth blades, the first and second overrunning clutches mounted on the Central shaft, an electric generator, the magnets installed on the blades, characterized in that it is provided with a pair of conical gears, interacting with a multiplier and an electric generator, the first, second, third and fourth Central stars, interacting with each other, the first and second nodes of the opening and closing of the blade, two parallel adjacent tubes in the middle which has an airtight chamber inside each pipe installed on two blades, consisting of two gender is h, two vertical posts of the blades on which the hinge is installed, the corresponding stars on the walls of the branched pipe sections by means of brackets pivotally installed an additional four stars, and in a sealed chamber mounted vertically Central hour with the possibility of free rotation, which, in turn, fixedly mounted to the hub first, second, third and fourth Central stars, each of which use the first - fourth chains separately connected with the first, second, third and fourth blades, respectively, with each half of the blades are made of semi-circular shape with a pair of bearings pivotally mounted on the upper and lower ends each front blade associated horizontal jumpers, magnets installed in horizontal section of the halves of the blade and parallel to the chains, still associated with racks of blades stretched first and second cables, freely passed through the rack of blades.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is attributed to wind-power engineering and can be used for electric power production. Wind-driven electric power station is made as circuit railroad provided with viaducts, snow plows and collector wires. It has rolling trolleys installed on it where following equipment is mounted: controlled wind-propulsors, electric generators connected to current collectors, combustion engines providing train acceleration and movement when wind-flow is weak. Ballast is located on trolleys to increase mechanical energy stored up by train.

EFFECT: creation of high-power isolated wind-driven electric power station saving operability when wind flows are weak to be used in remote north regions.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable energy sources, namely, wind energy conversion into electric energy. Converter contains frame and first and second blades that are kinematically connected with cord (chain), first and second drums (starts) that are motionlessly installed in the shafts of the first and second gears, which interact with the first and second gears via corresponding overrunning clutches, third gear and conical pair of gears with step-up gear and generator, fourth and fifth gears that interact with the third gear and third and fourth blades that are kinematically joined with cord (chain) and third and fourth drums (stars), which interact with fourth and fifth gears via corresponding overrunning clutches. Converter is made of two parts that are symmetrical in respect to outlet shaft of fifth gear, in which drive gear of conical pair is motionlessly installed. The second option of energy converter consists of two parallel adjacent pipes, in the middle of which leak-tight chamber is installed, and blades are installed inside pipes.

EFFECT: increase of efficiency factor and reduction of fluid medium energy conversion net cost.

9 cl, 8 dwg

Windmill // 2318132

FIELD: renewable power supplies, that is, wind-electric power supplies.

SUBSTANCE: proposed windmill has kinematically coupled vertical central shaft, electric generator, conical wind vane, and set of revolving platforms incorporating vertical support, rocker arm, vane assembled of two parts, as well as vane orientation varying and position fixating assembly, mutually interacting flat wind vane, conical wind vane positioning unit, braking system, kinematically coupled central bevel gear, satellite gears, radial shafts, bevel and peripheral rocker-arm positioning gears. Central bevel gear is fixed in position on conical wind vane support and bevel gears positioning rocker arms are hinged to support rigidly coupled with rocker-arms, and are engageable with positioning and position fixing units of respective revolving platform vanes. Vane positioning and position fixating unit has positioning disk, storage spring, vane disk, overrunning clutch, bushing, drive and driven bevel gears, shafts, small and big bevel gears of respective vane parts. Positioning disk is engageable through pairs of bearing rods and spring-loaded latches with vane disk; latches are coupled through articulated joint with platform supports. Platform has wheel, stiff frame hinged to vane support, as well as couplers for platforms; vane supports are coupled with flange hinged to conical wind vane support. Positioning unit of the latter has flat wind vane hinged to conical wind vane support.

EFFECT: simplified design and enhanced operating reliability of windmill.

6 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: wind power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed wind power-generating plant contains wind head receivers installed on rotating radial horizontal beams, running races and rollers. Wind head receivers turn around vertical axles in angular directions. Plant contains self-controlled bearings beam ground-based structure of carousel type rotting along one or several support races around vertical axle. Wind head receivers are arranged on radial beams and are made in from of pressure and guide frames with vertical axles or rotation and provided with limiting stops.

EFFECT: dispensing with forced control mechanism of wind receivers, provision of relative overlapping, self-locking and collisions at nonuniform wind flows, increased efficiency of plant.

4 cl, 3 dwg

Wind power plant // 2280785

FIELD: wind power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind power plant comprises interconnected platforms that cooperate with the central unit and wind wave mounted at the center of the plant. Each platform has the blade composed of two parts. The base section of the blade is provided with the units for changing and locking the angular position of two parts of the blade, which are cooperate with the wind vane.

EFFECT: enhanced power and sensitivity to weak winds and reduced cost.

5 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: wind power engineering; renewable sources of energy.

SUBSTANCE: according to provided invention energy converter contains reliability coupled platforms installed on round track and engaging with output shaft and wind vane installed in center of converter. Each platform is provided additionally with folding cone, in root part of vertical bushing of which unit is found to change and maintain orientation of cone. Said unit engages with wind vane.

EFFECT: increased power of energy converter and response to weak wind flow, simplified design.

6 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: wind and hydraulic power engineering; renewable energy sources.

SUBSTANCE: proposed converter contains rotary platforms interconnected by levers. Each platform carries blades (sail) and additionally intercoupled motion converter and unit to change orientation and to fix blade in position installed in center and interacting with all blades and wind vane, rotary platforms are made in form of streamlined sealed chambers of which flat blades are installed and sprockets coupled with blades for free rotation around vertical posts. Sprockets are mechanically coupled with corresponding segment sprocket by chains and cables.

EFFECT: increased power of converter and its sensitivity to weak flows of wind and water.

8 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: wind-power and hydraulic-power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for generating wind and hydraulic energy and converting said energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains intercoupled platforms installed on circular track, each including mechanically coupled car (truck) and blade (sail). Converter contains additionally vertical post and direction indicator (wind vane), and each platform contains additional unit to change orientation and fixing blade in position interacting with blade and direction indicator (wind vane). Converter is furnished additionally with posts with sprockets and two direction indicators (wind vanes). Sprockets are interconnected by chain, and they interact with corresponding cam disks and direction indicators (wind vanes) installed on two relatively opposite platforms. Converter has additionally central sprocket and posts with sprockets installed on each platform, sprockets of all platforms being connected by chain with central sprocket connected stationary with direction indicator (wind vane) or angular position lock.

EFFECT: simplified design of converter, increased power and sensitivity to weak flows of wind and water.

11 cl, 44 dwg

The invention relates to wind energy, namely, devices that convert wind energy into electrical or other forms of energy

Vehicle // 2158683
The invention relates to vehicles

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to water- and wind-power engineering, particularly to the devices converting fluid flow energy, for example that of rivers, ebb-tide and other streams, as well as wind power into electrical or mechanical power to drive various machinery. The proposed method consists in that a funnel is submerged into fluid medium to take it off and to direct to, for example a turbine. The aforesaid funnel features a bulbous shape on the side of in coming fluid flow. The funnel inlet area-to-outlet area ratio exceeds the ratio between the inlet fluid flow speed and flow boundary speed. Note that with the flow boundary speed further increase dynamic head decreases. Passing out from the funnel, the fluid flow is distributed among several turbines allowing for its power.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of fluid flow power take-off.

1 dwg

FIELD: water-power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to water-power engineering, and namely to fluid medium energy utilising devices, and can be used for energy conversion of fluid medium flow, e.g. river flow, into electric one, whereby momentum energy of flows is converted into translation-and-vibration movement. Fluid medium energy utilising motor consists of a frame with a window, which is submerged with its longitudinal side across the medium flow and is fixed on foundation. Load-carrying member with working member is installed in the frame so that it can move. Working member is intended for being effected by fluid medium. It is fixed with its central part in the load-carrying member, and when in operation, it is installed angle-wise to the flow direction. Motor comprises a working member position changing device as well as hydraulic force transformer. Load-carrying member is installed so that it can move in a back-and-forth manner in the frame window along its longitudinal sides. Working member made in the form of a wing with a hydrofoil profile is installed on the load-carrying member axis so that it can turn about the axis and interact with fluid medium flow. Blade position changing device is made in the form of the blade turning stops symmetrically installed on the frame longitudinal side. Hydraulic force transformer is kinematically connected with load-carrying member.

EFFECT: invention allows increasing motor efficiency and simplifying motor design.

2 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydropower and is designed to convert fluid medium power into electric power as well as to convert the power of air mass travel into electrical or mechanical power intended for rotation of various devices. The aforesaid device submerged in a fluid medium streamwise incorporates a continuous chain of flexible elements with working and idling runs enveloping the drive pulleys furnished with the vanes arranged perpendicular to flow direction. The power take-off shaft accommodates two spaced apart drive pulleys furnished with the contact elements engaged with the mating flexible elements, both being rigidly linked transverse con-rods. Ones of the said con-rods have a vertical axle fitted at their centers whereon rotary vanes are fitted arranged between the chains so that, during the working travel, they turn, being forced by the flow pressure, through 90° on both sides in the book manner and, during idling, they get folded. Others con-rods are furnished with a lengthwise brace rigidly linked thereto and arranged stremwise with vanes open and linked to the transverse con-rod with the axle with rotary vanes fitted thereon, the said transverse con-rod moving freely.

EFFECT: simpler design, higher reliability and longer life.

9 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: support system intended for, at least, one underwater turbine plant incorporates turbine units made up of turbine assemblies 3 and load-bearing column 1 coming vertically from underwater and seated on the seabed. The system includes a load-bearing structure for, at least, one turbine assembly mounted on column 1 and turning around it, and an appliance allowing selective motion of the load-bearing structure relative to column 1. Column 1 length section, top section 8, wherein the turbine assembly move, consists of two separate sections 9, 10 facing each other and separated by a certain distance between them to make lengthwise gap 11 between the said sections 9 and 10. Sections 9, 10 have a D-shape and form a cross-section of column 1 in the form of a complete ellipse or an oval. Bottom section 12 of column 1 features a round cross-section.

EFFECT: higher reliability of the support system allowing the turbine repair and lower costs.

22 cl, 27 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable energy sources, namely, wind energy conversion into electric energy. Converter contains frame and first and second blades that are kinematically connected with cord (chain), first and second drums (starts) that are motionlessly installed in the shafts of the first and second gears, which interact with the first and second gears via corresponding overrunning clutches, third gear and conical pair of gears with step-up gear and generator, fourth and fifth gears that interact with the third gear and third and fourth blades that are kinematically joined with cord (chain) and third and fourth drums (stars), which interact with fourth and fifth gears via corresponding overrunning clutches. Converter is made of two parts that are symmetrical in respect to outlet shaft of fifth gear, in which drive gear of conical pair is motionlessly installed. The second option of energy converter consists of two parallel adjacent pipes, in the middle of which leak-tight chamber is installed, and blades are installed inside pipes.

EFFECT: increase of efficiency factor and reduction of fluid medium energy conversion net cost.

9 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: the micro hydro-electric power station is designed for converting energy of flowing medium into electrical energy. The device contains of ground unit, consisting of electricity distributing device, control system and controlled ballast load, a fixed water tank, generator located lower than the level of water in the hermetic tank and connected to the ground unit using water resistant cable. The water turbine with a horizontal axis of rotation, is mounted at the run-out and connected to the shaft of the generator through a gear transmission, in the form a multiplier located in a gondola. A cone is placed on the inlet of the run-out in front of the water turbine. The generator is located in the direction of flow behind the multiplier in the same gondola, which is supplied with a device for pumping water from its bottom part. The cone is made of flat elements; part of which is made in such a way that turning about longitudinal axes is possible. A driving gear is provided for this purpose.

EFFECT: increased operation reliability; power regulation.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: wind and hydraulic power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind and hydraulic motors with vertical shaft of rotation. Proposed vertical shaft turbine has shaft hinge-mounted on post with rigidly and normally attached supports, and blades arranged between supports and installed on axle for turning being limited by two locks. Supports are installed in two directions to form row. Blades are made of closed elastic material tightly enclosing thickened axle to prevent axial displacement and vertical rigid edge spring-loaded relative to axle. Moreover, each blade is provided with stops fixing elastic material relative to thickened axle. Turbine can be furnished with additional rows of supports with blades installed higher and/or lower than first row. Turbine can reliable operate irrespective of velocity and gusts of wind, region and place of mounting, including movable objects, with provision of efficiency 10-16% higher than that of similar constructions.

EFFECT: simple design, effective operation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

Water-power plant // 2309289

FIELD: generation of electric energy by conversion of water flow.

SUBSTANCE: electric energy is generated with the aid of vane-type machine having at least one rotor, rotor-driven generator and float for vane-type machine; vane-type machine is anchored stationary and rotor is oriented in direction of water flow. Vane-type machine is held in suspended state below water surface. Float may be inflated with compressed air and may be filled with water when required. Rotor is mounted on axle oriented in way of water flow. Rotor blades may be turned with the aid of mechanism in direction of water flow or in opposite direction. Rotor axle is just hollow axle forming the float. Vane-type machine is invisible during operation of plant.

EFFECT: simplified construction; reduction of time required for mounting.

22 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for creating stationary and transportable modular hydraulic plants and setting up unit hydraulic power stations. Proposed water-wheel generator has body, shaft with central bevel gear, planet pinion members, each containing blade and shaft with bevel gears on ends, one end of shaft being coupled with central gear. Central bevel gear is rigidly secured on one of ends of central shaft non-rotating around its axis and arranged vertically. Planet pinion members are arranged around central radially and uniformly. Shaft of each planet pinion member with bevel gears on its ends is made single-section, and bevel gear belonging to said shaft and pointed to side of blade of said planet pinion member engages with bevel secured rigidly and coaxially to smaller spur gear of blade reduction gear. Larger spur gear engages with smaller one, and it is secured on axle of blade installed vertically. Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation of brackets mounted by bases on cylindrical housing installed for rotation coaxially relative to central shaft, and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims. Upper rim, being drive wheel, is coupled with energy converters. Central shaft rests by both ends with locking on framework provided with pontoon devices. Invention makes it possible to use river current energy with maximum efficiency at no adverse effect on environment caused by submersion of river flood lands caused by building of dams, energy of ocean currents, energy of tides and ebbs owing to use of blades with two points of support. Versions of design of water-wheel generators are provided in description.

EFFECT: simple design, high adaptability to manufacture and servicing of water-wheel generator.

5 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: turbine is designed to convert energy of water or air streams inflowing from side. Proposed turbine has shaft hinge-mounted in post around which blades are installed for turning in radial directions between supports rigidly and normally connected to shaft. Turning of blades is limited by stops. Blades are made flat, with rounded off long edges, and are arranged around shaft minimum in two directions with spaces between edges. Turning of blades is limited by two stops, and tire in turbine, thus formed, repeats in length of shaft with uniform angular turn. Supports can be made in form of radial cantilevers with aerodynamic profiling of cross section. Stops are made retractable into support body if pressure force of blade exceeds calibrated force of spring holding the stop in working position.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of using energy of fluid medium flow, simplified design.

3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-conventional power sources, and it can be used in plants using energy of wind, river, deep sea and other currents. Proposed plant contains one or several vertical shafts and horizontal rods with blades. Said hollow rods are installed on shafts for limited turning relative to their axes. Opposite blades of each rod are rigidly secured on rod square to each other and eccentrically relative to axis of rod. Shafts adjacent in horizontal direction are made for rotation in opposite directions.

EFFECT: provision of simple ecologically safe device operating at any direction of current in liquid and gaseous medium and at medium interface.

3 dwg

Up!