Water power device

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable power sources, namely to use of potential energy accumulated in water reservoirs and its conversion into other types of energy, mostly in electric energy. Water power device comprises the following components that interact with each other - platform, multiplier, power generator, the first and second shafts, in which according gears are installed, overrun clutches and sprockets that interact with chain. Device additionally comprises the first and second trolleys. They are connected to each other by chain and are installed in appropriate inclined guides with the possibility of reciprocal motion. Appropriate reservoirs are installed in trolleys, being equipped with exhaust water valves. In upper points reservoirs interact with appropriate newly introduced inlet water valves and units of position fixation, and in lower points - with end supports.

EFFECT: makes it possible to simplify design and increase efficiency of energy transformation.

7 cl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of renewable energy sources, namely, to use the potential energy accumulated in the tank water, the lander on an inclined plane, and converting it into other forms of energy, mainly electricity.

Known Converter of the wind and waves (Aliyev A.S., Aliyev B.Z. energy Converter wind and waves, RF patent №2254494 from 10092003,, F03 5/04), which contains associated with levers rotating platform. On each platform is installed in the blade. The power Converter also includes a kinetically associated transducer movement and site orientation and fixing the position of the blades interacting with the vane.

The inverter movement through a multiplier connected to the generator.

The disadvantages of the energy Converter can be attributed to the complexity of the design of the Converter and the impossibility of its application on land.

Also known energy Converter wave (Aliyev A.S., Aliev R.A., "the energy Converter wave", patent of Russian Federation №230063 from 22.11.2005,, F03B 13/12), which can be specified as the closest analogue of the invention (prototype).

The prototype contains kinetically associated rack, float chamber, a frame, a shaft, a multiplier and a generator. In addition, the Converter further comprises usaimage is concerned with each other the second shaft, the first and second gear and at least two converters movement.

With each motion Converter includes a vertical rod mounted with a possibility of vertical oscillations. On the upper end of the rod set to the first block, and the lower third star that interacts with the first and second floats cameras.

The disadvantage of the prototype, you can specify the structural complexity of the transducer movement and the impossibility of its application on land to convert the potential energy accumulated in the tank water.

The technical challenge lies in creating an energy Converter that converts the potential energy stored in the water tanks deployed on an inclined plane or vertically, into electrical energy.

This technical problem is solved by creating a radically new design of water-energy device that contains interacting with one another platform, the multiplier generator, the first and second shafts that have the appropriate gear, overrunning clutch and the stars, interacting with chain, additionally, the device further comprises first and second tanks connected to each other by a chain and provided with outlet water valves and mounted on the respective carriages with the possibility of suratno-and-forth motion. In the upper points of the capacity to interact with the corresponding newly introduced water inlet valves and the nodes of the fixing position, and the bottom points with integral stops.

In the second embodiment, water energy devices on the first and second shafts are N-th number of overrunning with the stars, interacting through the circuit with the respective pairs of tanks that are installed with the possibility to perform a reciprocating motion on inclined rails and cooperating with the respective inlet water valves and nodes fixing the position.

The principle of operation of water-power unit (WPU) is illustrated by the drawings, is shown in figure 1-6.

Figure 1 presents a view of In-In figure 2 with the end face on the design of wind turbine

where 1 stands inclined;

2 - platform;

3, 4, the first and second capacitance;

5, 6, the first and second trolley;

7 - chain;

8 - the first (primary) Val;

9 - second (additional) Val;

10, 11, the first and second overrunning clutches;

12, 13, the first and second star;

14, 15, 16 - the first, second and third gears;

17, the axis of rotation;

18, 19 - inlet and outlet water valves;

20 to the fixing unit;

21 - latch;

22 - float;

23 - stop end;

24 - the first brackets;

25 - water.

Figure 2 presents a view a-a wind turbine on Fig,

where positions 1-25 are the same as in figure 1;

26, 27 - the third and fourth stars that are installed on the respective overrunning clutch;

28 - the second circuit;

29, 30 - the third and fourth capacitance;

31 - the second line;

32 - flywheel;

33 - multiplier;

34 - generator.

Figure 3 presents in terms of design water valves 18, 19 and the tank 3 (4),

where positions 1-21 are the same as in figure 1;

35 - jumper;

36 - the upper and lower rims;

37 - pin;

38 - rubber gasket;

39 - spring;

40 - rollers;

41 - second brackets;

42 - drain aperture;

43 - lever;

44 - hook.

Figure 4 presents the design of the third option, WPU,

where to 54, 55 to the third and fourth shafts;

56, 57 the third and fourth overrunning clutch;

58, 59 the third and fourth star;

60, 61 to the fourth and fifth gears;

62 the third circuit;

63 - brackets.

Figure 5 presents the view From the construction of the third variant of wind turbines on figure 4,

where position 54-63 are the same as in figure 4;

64 - multiplier;

65 - flywheel;

66 - generator.

Figure 6 presents the design of the mining option wind turbine, where the horizontal platform 67 is fixed on the top of the mountain.

Position 3-22 are the same as in figure 1;

68 - second hooks;

69 - hooks;

70, 71, the first and second cables;

72, 73, the first and second drums;

74 - the third working tro is;

75 - outboard rollers.

Water power the device presented in figure 1 and 2, operates as follows.

The horizontal platform 2 is installed at a certain height with at least two pairs of inclined struts 1. At the same time they serve as guides for the rollers 40, on which ride the first 5 and second 6 truck. On these trucks still refers to the respective water tanks 3 and 4.

The upper ends of the containers are open for water intake. Across the open end of the vessel is stationary jumper 35. Circuit 7 connects the first 5 and second 6 truck with each other. Chain length is chosen such that the outlet 18 and the inlet 19 of the water valves are operated simultaneously. The circuit is kinematically connected with the first 12 and second 13 stars. These stars are fixed on the carriers of the first 10 and second 11 overrunning respectively. While the hub of the first clutch still installed on the first (main) shaft 8, and the hub of the second clutch on the second (optional) shaft 9.

Overrunning clutch and a kinematic connection with the circuit 7 is carried out so that the leading become in turn the first 8, the second shaft 9.

In coupling with the hub includes a ferrule, a second overrunning clutch 11, leading into the second shaft 9.

To maintain a constant direction of rotation of the shafts 8, 9 are not odigna installed the respective gears 14 and 15. Gears have the same dimensions and number of teeth and are constantly on the clutch with the third gear 16 which is free to rotate on the axis 17.

Capacity 3, 4 fixedly mounted on the respective carriages 5 and 6 and roll on the rollers 40 in mutually opposite directions. Slanted rack can be made of metal parts. This rectangular edges of two parallel racks serve as guides for the two pairs of rollers pivotally installed with the second bracket 41 on the respective trucks.

Jumper 35 fixedly mounted on the upper ends of the containers 3 and 4, are provided for interfacing with the inlet water valve 18. Circuit 7 connects the first and second trolleys with each other.

When a full second tank 4 is lowered down circuit 7 via the first overrunning clutch 10 causes the rotation of the first (main) shaft 8 counterclockwise. In this clip the second overrunning clutch 11 and installed it the second star, 13 spinning empty.

However, due to the coupling of the gears 14, 15, 16 additional shaft 9 rotates counterclockwise.

In the interaction of the exhaust valve 19 and a limit stop 23, the valve opens and water is discharged from the second vessel 4 completely.

Simultaneously interact jumper 35 the first tank 3 with the corresponding inlet valve 18. EAP is SKN valve opens and fills the first volume. By the time full fill the upper tank lower tank must be empty.

To hold a stationary position the top of the tank to full fill it serves as the fixing unit 20, which consists of a latch 21 associated with the float 22 by a lever 43 (see figure 3). The pawl 21 pivotally connected with the platform 2. Under the weight of the float and lever tip it is included in the coupling with the hook 44. Hooks still installed on the wall of the internal cavity of each container.

The fixing unit maintains the open position of the inlet water valve to fill the tank. After filling the tank with water to a prescribed level, the float 22 rises up and using the lever 43 displays the tip of the latch 21 of the clutch with a hook 44.

Then there is a rollback completed the first tank 3 down. Then the inlet valve 18 under the influence of spring 39 is closed.

The chain 7 is moved in the opposite direction. Now in the grip includes a second overrunning clutch 11. Leading to become the second shaft 9, which rotates counterclockwise. Moreover, the third gear 16 rotates in a clockwise direction and causes the rotation of the first gear 14 in a counterclockwise direction. Thus, the first shaft 8 still retains its direction of rotation is counterclockwise.

Therefore, regardless of the direction the program is moving chain, i.e. regardless of tanks filled with water, is in the working phase, the direction of rotation of the first (main) shaft 8 is kept constant.

Power power device depends on the amount of water in the tank and radius of stars and tilt racks. The efficiency of the device is determined by the work progress capacity on an inclined plane. More than stroke the tank, the less water consumption and higher efficiency.

To increase the power of the device in parallel to enable N-e number of identical energy converters presented in figure 1. When the output shaft 8 is common to all transducers (see figure 2).

To improve synchronization of the rotation of the common shaft 8 of the same type converters will mix in phase, i.e. the filling of containers given in parallel converters is shifted in time. In addition, on the output shaft 8 is mounted a flywheel 32.

2 shows the construction of a water power device, where given in parallel operation of two transformers.

The first 8 and second 9 shafts installed third 24 and fourth 25 stars with the respective overrunning clutches.

Similarly, the first circuit 7 of the second circuit 28 communicates with the third and fourth stars and associates 29 third and fourth 30 capacity with each other. The filling of the containers 29, ono on the time of filling the first 3 and second 4 tanks.

Regardless of the number given in parallel converters movement to maintain a constant direction of rotation of the output shaft is used only three gears 14, 15, 16.

The flywheel 32 may be mounted on a common output shaft 8 or after the multiplier 33. If a massive flywheel to set the output of the multiplier, it will significantly increase the synchronisation of the generator 34. The multiplier 33 is used to increase the speed of rotation of the output shaft 8 to the rated rotation speed generator 34.

Selecting the capacity of the tanks, the parameters of the stars and gears, the length and inclination of the guides, as well as the number of parallel converters, it is possible to achieve the required rated power and rotation speed of the electric generator 34.

Figure 3 presents the design of the fixing unit 20 to the upper position of the vessel, and the inlet 18 and outlet 19 of the water valves. The latch 21 is rigidly connected with the lever 43 with the float 22. After moving a spent vessel in the upper position under the weight of the float, the lever 43 presses the tip of the latch 21 to the inner wall of the vessel. When the tip of the latch engages the hook 44 and fixes so the upper position of the vessel. When this jumper 35 presses the disk 36 of the inlet water valve 18, causing the spring 39 and through the rod 37 when the raises upper disc 36 with glued rubber gasket 38. Through open valve water enters the tank. This continues until such time as the float 22 will not withdraw the latch 21 of the clutch with a hook 44.

Outlet water valve 19 has the same construction as the inlet 18. In the upper position the container under the influence of spring 39, the valve 19 is closed. Truck 5, 6, on which is fixed sizes 3, 4, freely rolling roller 40 along the guide edges of the corners of the inclined struts 1. The second set of brackets 41 provide mounting clips to the trucks with the possibility of free rotation.

A third option water energy devices presented in figure 4, differs from the first variant (figure 1 - figure 3) kinematics of the interaction of the fourth cable 62 with the third and fourth stars, shaft positioning 54,55 and 60 fourth and fifth gears 61.

The third 54 and fourth shafts 55 are installed on the same horizontal in a plane parallel to the platform 2. The third hub 56 and 57 fourth overrunning fixed on the third 54 and fourth shafts 55, respectively. The clips overrunning 55, 57 still has the relevant stars 58 and 59.

Third 58 and fourth 59 stars interact with the third circuit 62. Overrunning clutch 56, 57 mounted on the shafts 54, 55 so that the stars 58, 59 communicate with the respective shafts in turns. When the circuit 62 moves vlew is, the clutch is a third overrunning clutch 56. And when the chain moves to the right, the clutch includes a fourth overrunning clutch 57.

The fifth and sixth gear 61 mounted on the shafts 54, 55 are also in the grip with each other. Gears have the same dimensions and number of teeth. This kinematic relationship provides constant direction of rotation of the shafts 54 and 55 regardless of the direction of movement of the chain 62.

Figure 5 shows the form With the construction of the third variant of wind turbines.

The brackets 63 provide a parallel installation of shafts 54, 55 relative to the platform 2 on which are mounted all the structural elements of the device. The rotation from the main (fourth) of the shaft 55 is transmitted to the multiplier 64. The multiplier increases the speed of rotation of the output shaft to the nominal speed of the generator 66.

To improve the synchronous rotation of the generator on the output shaft of the multiplier is set massive flywheel 65. Otherwise, the principle of operation of the third variant of wind turbines figure 5 and 6 the same principle of operation of the first variant of wind turbines, the design of which is presented in figure 1-figure 3.

Figure 6 presents the mountain version of water-energy devices. Horizontal platform 67 is attached at a high altitude, so that water can flow by gravity went through the pipes 17 to the inlet valve is 18.

The principle of operation of mining options of the power device coincides with the principle of operation of the first variant of the device represented in figure 1-3. The difference lies in the fact that the containers are moved up and down the taut ropes 70, 71. These cables are under tension at a certain angle between the hooks 68, mounted on the platform 67 and hooks 69, scored in the bottom of the mountain. Containers suspended on cables 70, 71 on the outboard rollers 75. In addition, each pair of trucks that have the capacity, connected to each other working the third cable 74. In this third cable interacts and causes the rotation of the first 50 and second 51 reels mounted on the clamps of the respective couplings 10 and 11, instead of the stars 12 and 13. To avoid scrolling through the cable 52 on each reel is wound two or three turns.

If necessary and in the mountain version, you can use a chain instead of rope 74, and the drums 72, 73 to replace the stars, as in the first embodiment (Fig 1).

Water energy device must border guards, farmers, communicators, etc. as a stand-alone power source where there is no centralized power.

1. Water energy device containing interacting with one another platform, the multiplier generator, the first and second shafts that have the appropriate gear is, overrunning clutch and the stars, interacting with chain, characterized in that it contains additionally the first and second trucks, are related to each other by a chain and mounted on the respective inclined guides, with the possibility of reciprocating motion, with appropriate capacity, equipped with outlet water valves, with the top points of the capacity to interact with the corresponding newly introduced water inlet valves and the nodes of the fixing position, and the bottom points with integral stops.

2. Water energy device claim 1, characterized in that the first and second shafts installed N-e number overrunning with the stars, interacting through the circuit with the respective pairs of tanks that are installed with the possibility to perform a reciprocating motion on inclined rails and cooperating with the respective inlet water valves and nodes fixing the position.

3. Water energy generating device according to claim 2, characterized in that the fixing unit position includes a latch pivotally connected with the platform and rigidly connected by a lever with a float, while the tip of the latch cooperates with a hook fixedly mounted on the inner wall of the vessel.

4. Water energy device according to claim 1, trichomania fact, that the inlet and outlet water valves have the same structure and contain still associated with each other by a rod first and second disks, the upper disk glued the rubber gasket, and the lower disk interacts with the spring providing the valve from closing.

5. Water energy device according to claim 1, characterized in that the first and second shafts are parallel to the platform and interact with each other through the first and second gears mounted on stationary shafts and through the chain that interacts with the first and second stars that are installed on the respective overrunning clutches included in the clutch.

6. Water energy device according to claim 1, characterized in that the output shaft or the output shaft of the multiplier has a massive flywheel.

7. Water energy device according to claim 1, characterized in that the first and second containers are suspended by means of rollers on the respective cables with the possibility of lowering and lifting and connected to each other by a third rope (chain), which interacts with the first and second reels (stars)that are installed on the respective overrunning clutches.



 

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FIELD: power engineering.

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FIELD: power engineering.

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FIELD: electric power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to electric power engineering and may be used for generation of electric power at the account of ocean tides, ocean waves, wind from the shore by integration of tide energy with hydrogen technology. Barrage for energy extraction from potential energy contained in ocean tides, consists of multiple support stands installed with the same interval from each other in the ocean along the perimeter line and attached to the sea bottom. Panels are installed one above the other and fixed between pairs of neighboring support stands. Gaps between every panel and support stands are leak-tightened. Pairs of support stands from two rows of support stands for caissons. Support panels are placed between every pair of opposite support stands from the mentioned two rows so that caisson is supported by support panels, so that they form platform between two rows for caissons. In every caisson there are turbines with facilities that provide for water passing through the turbine by operator command. Electric generators are connected to at least one turbine. Barrage has no gaps or slots. As a result the ocean is separated from the area inside the barrage, excluding time, when operator provides water passing through turbine for electric power generation. Invention works at different loads and functions as power complex with electrolyzers and fuel elements for generation of electric power by request, excluding by that impulse character of traditional tide energy. Hydrogen may be produced as target product.

EFFECT: reduces cost of works.

6 cl, 17 dwg

FIELD: engineering industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to water power engineering, and namely to water-borne vehicles producing electric energy used for external consumers and for its own movement. Energy-producing floating platform consists of a triangular-shaped platform with a power unit, which is elevated above water surface by means of columns, floats, piston-type pumps, and supports which are hinged to columns. Floating platform is equipped with wind impellers installed on brackets and being synchronously rotated by propelling screws with wheels. Between each support and float arranged are piston-type pumps. Inside each column there is an axle on lower end of which there installed is a propelling screw and a wheel, and the other axle end is taken out above the platform surface and is provided with a pulley. Over pulleys there passed is a flexible rope pulled over by a steering mechanism.

EFFECT: designing the maneuvering self-moving energy-producing floating platform which is capable of autonomous movement on water surface.

2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to hydroenergetics, to low pressure flows of seas, rivers and water outlets of hydro electric stations and reservoirs. A tidal hydroelectric plant contains a cylindrical body of the machine compartment with a gear box and electric generator of the tail hydroturbine with arms, mounted on its axis and the axis of rotation. On the upper part of the body is fixed a flat pylon, on the end of the pivot system and the axis of rotation. The body is suspended on a crossbeam in the passage of the catamaran for lifting the power station to the level of the servicing platform on the grooves of the support bridge pier, connected by the arch with a lifting mechanism. Arms of the hydroturbine are made short and wide sweptforward on the leading edge and with a concave surface in the form of a parabolic curve, and a convex surface of the tailpiece perforated with slanting slits.

EFFECT: reduces the depth of the low pressure power stations, increases the hydrodynamic quality of the hydroturbines arms, and ensures periodic lifting of the power station from the water.

3 cl, 4 dwg

Water power device // 2361109

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable power sources, namely to use of potential energy accumulated in water reservoirs and its conversion into other types of energy, mostly in electric energy. Water power device comprises the following components that interact with each other - platform, multiplier, power generator, the first and second shafts, in which according gears are installed, overrun clutches and sprockets that interact with chain. Device additionally comprises the first and second trolleys. They are connected to each other by chain and are installed in appropriate inclined guides with the possibility of reciprocal motion. Appropriate reservoirs are installed in trolleys, being equipped with exhaust water valves. In upper points reservoirs interact with appropriate newly introduced inlet water valves and units of position fixation, and in lower points - with end supports.

EFFECT: makes it possible to simplify design and increase efficiency of energy transformation.

7 cl, 6 dwg

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