Transport vehicle

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: transport vehicle includes body (2) and base (1), wheels (7) fixed in base (1). Pulse propeller is installed in base (1) and consists of elastic power element (5) and impeller (4) with alternate eccentricity, which actuates engine (3). Base (1) rests on wheels (7) with the help of Z-shaped supports (8) with elastic elements that work for twisting. Drive to wheels (7) is realised via Z-shaped gear from engine (3). Elastic power element (5) may be arranged in the form of movable plate spring fixed at an angle to base (1) on guides (6), with the possibility of its complete drawing inside body (2). Elastic power element (5) is able to rotate relative to base (1).

EFFECT: lower dynamic loads in jump and possibility to use any engine with rotary output shaft for drive of pulse and wheel propellers.

4 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to vehicles intended for use in complex terrain.

Known pulse propulsion for the vehicle with the transducer rotation of the inertial mass in a unidirectional linear motion and driven by two independent motors [RF Patent №2131059, IPC F03G 3/08].

The disadvantages of the known pulse propulsion is the design complexity and the presence of two independent engines.

Closest to the invention, the technical solution is Bouncing vehicle, comprising a housing and a base, attached to it by means of springs wheels and hopping impulse engine. Hopping pulse motor is a solenoid with a magnetic core-pusher [RF Patent №2259299, IPC B62D 57/02, bull. No. 24, 27.08.2005].

The disadvantages of the known Bouncing of the vehicle are large dynamic loads at the initial moment of the jump, due to the percussive action of the core-pusher when interacting with the soil, which is a vehicle.

The objective of the invention is the ability to reduce dynamic loads. This goal is achieved by the fact that in a vehicle, comprising a housing and a base, wheels and pulse propulsion, closed the prisoners on the basis pulse propulsion consists of an elastic force element, the impeller with variable eccentricity and the motor which drives the impeller, and the base rests on the wheels by means of Z-shaped supports with elastic elements, working in torsion.

The drive to the wheels through a Z-shaped transmission from the engine, located at the base.

Elastic force element is designed as a movable plate spring fixed at an angle to the base on the guides, with the possibility of complete cleaning of the inside of the case. Elastic strength member is able to rotate relative to the base.

The drawing shows the General appearance of the vehicle.

The essence of the invention. Based on 1 vehicle mounted housing 2, a motor 3, the pulse propulsion, consisting of the impeller 4 and the elastic force element 5 fixed to the rails 6. The impeller 4 is fixed on the axis with the possibility of radial displacement than is achieved by changing the eccentricity of the wheel 4. Elastic force element 5 is able to move along the rails 6. This changes its free length and rigidity of the protruding part. The basis of the vehicle based on wheel 7 through a Z-shaped support 8. Each Z-shaped support 8 its, upper end of the anchor is and to the base 1 through the elastic element 9, working in torsion. With one end of the elastic element 9 is rigidly fixed to the base 1, and the other on a support 8, which allows the support 8 to swing around the axis of the elastic element 9 at its curl. In addition, Z-shaped bearing allows mechanical drive installed on it wheels 7 from the engine 3. The actuator may be a chain or by using bevel gears, or in any other.

The vehicle operates as follows.

Movement on flat terrain with the help of the wheels 7.

The drive to the wheels 7 is supplied from the motor 3 through the Z-shaped support 8. When this torque can be sum up as to all the wheels simultaneously, and to separate from them. For changing the direction of movement of the wheel 7 can be rotated.

To overcome obstacles by jumping into the action introduces a pulse propulsion. For this purpose the guides 6 of the base 1 extends elastic force element 5 before contact with the ground on which the vehicle. Depending on the direction of further movement of the elastic force element 5 is rotated at a certain angle relative to the base 1. Depending on the required range of a single hop is changing the eccentricity of the impeller 4. The impeller is driven from the far East is the engine 3 and, coming in contact with the elastic force element 5, rejects it, thus pushes the vehicle from the ground. To reduce friction losses, the outer surface of the impeller 4, acting on the elastic force element 5 may be made in the form of a rolling bearing. The vehicle is detached from the support and jumps. When boarding the vehicle, the elastic elements 9 each support 8 and the elastic force element 5 performs the function of shock absorbers.

Driving a vehicle can be carried out on-Board computer. To improve the efficiency of the vehicle engine 3 can operate in intermittent mode only at the initial moment of the jump. Further flight is carried out with the engine switched off. Moreover, the vehicle engine can be either thermal or electric or any other kind, depending on the conditions.

Elastic force element 5 at the initial jump elastically deformed, thereby eliminating shock loads on the entire vehicle. The range of the vehicle can be varied by changing the degree of eccentricity of the impeller 4, or by adjusting the stiffness of the elastic force element 5. The change in the stiffness of the elastic force element 5 is displaced who eat it along the guides 6. This changes the free length of the elastic force element 5, and it is also possible to completely remove the elastic force element inside of the case to achieve the best terrain vehicle while moving on wheels.

1. The vehicle includes a body and a base, wheels and pulse propulsion, fixed on the base, characterized in that the pulse thruster consists of an elastic force element, the impeller with variable eccentricity and the motor which drives the impeller, and the base rests on the wheels by means of Z-shaped supports with elastic elements, working in torsion.

2. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the elastic force element is fixed on the base movably, with the possibility of complete cleaning of the inside of the case.

3. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the elastic force element has the ability to rotate relative to the base.

4. The vehicle according to claim 1, characterized in that the drive to the wheels through a Z-shaped transmission from the engine, located on the grounds.



 

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