Method of building-up of houses and industrial buildings from building blocks and wall reinforced concrete slabs and device for its implementation

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method presupposes basement floors decking, making external walls from building blocks with bearing and facing layer with installed in between discrete couplings in the form of glass-reinforced plastic or metallic reinforcement, insulator. Thereat discrete couplings in the form of composite of one-piece T-shaped rods are arranged in the masonwork of the bearing layer; then internal walls of reinforced concrete slabs are built-up at the level of installation of couplings, rods are joined to the embedded parts whereof, thereat at first, external wall of the building is built-up along the perimetre up to the one floor height, thereafter internal wall reinforced concrete slabs are assembled, then internal partition walls are assembled, thereafter seams in the joint connections of reinforced concrete slabs and internal partition walls with external walls are sealed with expended clay-concrete and/or concrete, and in the couplings of wall reinforced concrete slabs with internal partition walls and between each other with expended clay-concrete or concrete or with construction mortar. Building-up method is implemented by means of devices for check out and temporal fastening of wall reinforced concrete slabs and for assembly of internal partition walls of the building. Description of devices for check out and temporal fastening of wall slabs during assembly and of the device for the assembly of internal partition walls is provided.

EFFECT: construction reliability and high constructability in general.

10 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction and is intended for construction of residential houses and industrial premises.

From the technical level by the method of analogues and prototype not found.

A device for temporary attachment of wall panels [A.S. No. 502107, Appl. 07.09.1973], including the forks, with emphasis, clamping device in the form of a rod and a fixing screw with nut, with one cheek off the forks are made with a slot in which is placed the clamping rod, pivotally connected to the nut screws.

A disadvantage of the known device is the design complexity, the lack of adjustment (alignment) panel relative to the vertical, from the description it is not clear what is attached and fixed the device itself.

Known brace for temporary fixing and installation in the design position of the wall panels during installation of large-panel buildings [A.S. No. 266184, Appl. 30.01.1968], which includes a rod with swivel coupling, the upper and lower grips, while its upper grip is made with a hook rigidly connected to the pipe, inside of which is placed with the beveled face of the spring-loaded slider with the shank, the free end of which is mounted the stop interacting with arm fixed hinge rod.

A disadvantage of the known device is difficult for the th design, as well as the need for mounting holes in the ceiling, with the upper grip is attached only to a mounting loop of wall panels that at a certain layout complicates the installation.

Closest to the claimed device for mounting wall concrete panels is a device for alignment and temporary fixing of wall panels during installation [A.S. No. 1728445, Appl. 26.07.1990], which contains a base, fixed on mounting horizon by anchor grip, brace with persistent device connected to a movable element is moved in a horizontal plane tension screw, with persistent device made in the form of a swivel strap with two-way locking screw and conical spacers, pivotally connected with the movable element in the form of a frame with rails passed through the anchor brackets capture, and the base features a removable beam with the slots and set them in a cone-shaped retainers.

The disadvantage of the prototype is the design complexity, the intensity, the need for anchoring the mounting horizon restricts the free movement of this device horizontally, and the design of the upper end of the strut allows you to attach it only in the locations of the mounting loops of wall panel is.

Closest to the claimed device for installation of interior partitions include a device for mounting wall panels [A.S. No. 1317079, Appl. 27.12.1985], comprising a supporting element with a hollow stand for the l-shaped grip panels, and locking devices, and the grip is installed inside the rack is free, with the possibility of movement along and rotation, and provided with a handle, and a hollow strut is made with G-shaped groove through which omitted the handle grip, equipped with a clip, while the locking device is placed in the upper and lower parts of the column.

The disadvantage of the prototype is the design complexity, as the need for anchoring the mounting horizon restricts the free movement of this device horizontally.

The task of the developed method of construction of residential and industrial buildings is to reduce construction time, improve the processability during the execution of construction works.

Technical results that may be obtained from the use of the claimed invention, the following:

for the method of construction of residential and industrial buildings of masonry and concrete wall panels:

- reduced build time;

- increase performance;

- improving the quality of installation;

- reduce their energy consumption in the process;

- increased resistance to dynamic loads;

device:

- ease of use;

- low power consumption;

- small size;

the exception of maintenance and repair.

The solution of the stated problem and achieve the above results, it became possible:

for the method of construction of residential and industrial buildings of masonry and concrete wall panels, including the flooring joists of the basement, installation of exterior walls, installation of interior walls, installation of interior partitions, the connection of inner and outer walls of discrete bonds, where the masonry external walls are made of masonry with a bearing and a facing layer with the installation between discrete links in the form of fiberglass and/or metal reinforcement, insulation, masonry base layer mounted discrete communication in the form of rods, then at the facility level, these relationships are mounted the inner wall of the concrete wall panels, to mortgage the parts which are jointed rods, first make the clutch outer wall around the perimeter of the building to the height of the floor, and then mount the internal wall concrete panels, the alignment and subsequent fixation of the design position by using the inventive device, then mount in the morning partitions, then perform the grout at the nodal connections of wall concrete panels and interior walls with the outer walls of claydite-concrete and/or concrete, and in the joints of wall concrete panels with internal partitions and between the claydite-concrete and/or concrete or mortar. The masonry exterior walls and the installation of internal wall concrete panels perform front and the direction of erection perform in width and/or length of the building. Discrete connection for connection of external walls with the inner wall of reinforced concrete panels perform T-shaped in the form of a composite rods and/or solid rod and is placed between the seams of wall stones in the bearing layer of the outer wall, while in places such compounds in the bearing layer performs a groove width of not less than the thickness of the internal wall concrete panels and a depth of not more than half the thickness of the base layer of the masonry of the outer wall, and the rod and/or rod is used with a cylindrical and/or polyhedral right or wrong section, and perform surface smooth and/or ribbed. When this discrete connection of the T-shaped connection for the external walls and the internal wall concrete panels contain at least one rod, and the height of the outer wall of these links posted by not less than two places, and performed in the horizontal plane rectilinear and/or curvilinear, symmetrically and/or asymmetrically relative to the middle of the groove in the bearing layer in the vertical plane, these connections are made with an angle lamina less than 90° in absolute value relative to the longitudinal axis of the discrete connection. For mounting discrete links T-shaped in the form of a rod and/or rods to the fixtures internal wall concrete panels using a welded connection and/or a threaded connection and/or anchoring, with embedded parts used in the form of rectangular cross-section and/or the profile of the area, and/or U-shaped profile in cross section. Initially established in project position using the claimed device internal wall concrete panels throughout the building, then build the exterior walls on the perimeter of the building, then perform the connection of external walls with the inner wall of reinforced concrete panels using discrete links T-shaped, sealed seams in connection claydite-concrete and/or concrete, and then remove the claimed device, mount internal partitions and perform sealing at the joints with these walls with mortar or concrete. In the case of the use of potting insulation masonry masonry cladding is about and carrier layers of the outer wall of the building are simultaneously or alternately, first cladding layer, and then carrying or supporting layer, and then facing;

for a device for alignment and temporary fixing of wall panels during Assembly that includes a base fixed on mounting horizon, the strut with persistent device in the form of staples, coil pair, where the base is concrete body moving in a given direction by mounting the horizon and in which you have eyelets to attach the lower hook of the knee, the upper hook of the strut is attached to the mounting hole in the bracket, which is equipped with a locking screw pair and strut provided with a coupling sleeve, pull-out rack with holes and latch changes its length, with the same holes are made with the corresponding relative positions and the strut. When this mounting holes of the bracket and the holes for the latch of the length of the strut have a cylindrical and/or oval and/or multi-faceted, and/or irregular cross-section compatible with the Assembly of the device;

device for installation of interior partitions containing the reference element with a hollow rack and fixture, in which the supporting element is designed in the form of a rectangular triangle, adjacent to the inner wall of the leg which contains the locking device in the form of a screw pair with emphasis, when this screw is the first pair is placed at a height of not less than 1/3 the height of the inner walls, and the opposite leg provided with a locking screw or locking rod.

Inventive step is to create a method of construction of residential and industrial buildings of masonry and concrete wall panels, allowing you to use high-tech wall concrete panels together with masonry external walls of masonry, which significantly reduces the time of construction of such objects.

The inventive method of construction of residential and industrial buildings reduces the time of construction of the main elements of the design, ensuring the scope of work to perform the next operations. Thus, upon completion of construction of each subsequent floor at the previous start installation of engineering networks, Windows, doors and finishing operations. The inventive method of construction allows the use of different architectural design of buildings, which is achieved by applying various masonry in sizes and in shape with abundant colors.

The use of discrete links in the form of rods for connection of external walls of masonry internal wall concrete panels increases the resistance of the building to the effects of dynamic loads. A constructive solution of the discrete relations is diverse and allows, hung the basis of the operating conditions of the building, additionally, to reinforce the connection of external walls with the inner wall of reinforced concrete panels. The absence of columns, joists and beams simplifies the construction and reduces its consumption as a whole.

Device for alignment and temporary fixing of wall panels when they are installed with the declared set of essential features easy operation, low weight, are mounted in any location on the mounting horizon floor slabs, or in any place directly on the concrete wall panel.

The presence of a sliding rack and turnbuckles, shackles and screw pairs increases the versatility of the device, allowing it to be applied to various sizes of wall panels in height and thickness. The use of a concrete body as the basis for fixing the device, increases the mobility of the installation, providing more comfortable conditions for work in a confined space.

Device for installation of interior partitions has simple design with a minimum consumption of materials, ease of operation thanks to the use of only one screw, which provide vertical internal partitions.

The claimed invention is illustrated by the following figures:

Figure 1. Pictured design the active solution of the proposed method of construction of buildings, contains: support ground floor, slabs, ordinary tying beams, cladding layer of the stone wall, the insulation supporting layer of masonry, fiberglass reinforcement, discrete connection of the T-shaped wall concrete panels, grooves, embedded parts, the connecting plate, the concrete body, eye, brace, mounting holes, the upper hook of the strut, the bottom hook of the lock, pull-out rack, latch length of the strut, the handle of rotation of the knee.

Figure 2. Mounting device for alignment and temporary fixing of wall panels (cut), containing: support ground floor, slabs, load-bearing layer of masonry, concrete wall panel, a groove, a concrete body, eye, brace, mounting holes, the upper hook of the strut, the bottom hook of the lock, pull-out rack, bracket, mounting holes bracket, screw a couple of brackets, arm.

Figure 3. The connection node of the outer wall and the inner wall concrete panels (cut), comprising: a facing layer of stone wall, insulation, load-bearing layer of the wall stones, discrete relationship T-shaped concrete wall panel, a groove embedded parts.

Figure 4. A fragment of a discrete links in the outer wall, comprising: a facing layer of stone wall, load-bearing layer of the wall of stones, uteplitel is, fiberglass reinforcement, discrete relationship T-shaped concrete wall panel, a groove, a mortgage item.

Figure 5. Device for installation of interior partitions, located on the floor near the inner wall, comprising: a supporting base, a screw pair, the stop screw pair, a restrictive emphasis, the locking screw.

6. Discrete relationship T-shaped (options).

7. A fragment of a device for mounting wall concrete panels with the use of knee and other structures; the eye, brace, mounting holes, the upper hook of the strut, the bottom hook of the lock, retractable stand, bracket, mounting holes of the bracket, screw the pair of bracket arm.

Fig. Device for installation of interior partitions, located on the floor near the inner wall, comprising: a supporting base, a screw pair, the stop screw pair, a restrictive emphasis, the locking rod.

The method of construction of residential and industrial buildings, including the main elements: support ground floor 1, slab 2, ordinary tying beams 3, paramedicine tying beams (figure not shown), the exterior walls of the cladding layer 4 in the form of a stone wall, a heater 5 and the base layer 6 in the form of a stone wall (Fig.1-4), which has a discrete communication in the form of a stack is plasticboy valve 7 and discrete communication T-shaped 8 in the form of metal rods, wall concrete panels 9, placed in the slots 10 and connected to the outer walls (figure not shown) and by means of inserts 11 and the connecting plates 12, also in the composition of the main elements of the building includes internal partitions 13 (5), placed according to the approved project. The inventive method of construction of buildings is implemented using a device, comprising: a base in the form of a concrete body 14 with the lugs 15, the brace 16 with mounting holes 17, the upper hook 18, the bottom hook 19, the sliding rack 20 with holes (figure not shown), the latch length 21, the bracket 22 with the mounting holes 23, coil pair 24 with arm rotation 25, the handle 26 of rotation of the turnbuckles (figure not shown) of the knee 16 (1-2, 7). The alignment of the vertical internal partitions 13 is carried out at aid device, comprising: a rectangular triangle 27, screw a couple of 28 with the stop 29, the limiter 30, the locking screw 31 (figure 5) or the locking rod 32 (Fig).

1. The method of construction of residential and industrial buildings of masonry and concrete wall panels is as follows: support ground floor 1 is mounted slabs 2 (figure 1), then the perimeter of the building establish ordinary tying beams 3, upon completion of the layouts which are transferred to the erection of the outer V. the N. wall of stones (figure not shown), where with the help of mortar (figure not shown) produce masonry cladding layer 4, can be installed in the appropriate places of masonry seam (figure not shown) fiberglass reinforcement 7. On fiberglass reinforcement 7 attach insulation 5 (1, 4), after which proceed to build the base layer 6, in masonry joints which project mark set of discrete connection of the T-shaped 8 in the form of rods (1, 3, 4, 6). Thus, erecting exterior walls on the perimeter of the building. Then proceed to the installation of wall concrete panels 9 (1-4)which are installed in the grooves 10 of the base layer 6 according to the project marks. For alignment of the vertical and the subsequent fixing of wall concrete panels 9 use the device (figure 1-2, 7), bracket 22 which is fixed in the corresponding position in the upper part of the wall panel 9 by means of screw 24. Fixed upper hook 18 of the strut 16 in the mounting hole 23 of the bracket 22 and the lower hook 19 of the strut 16 is installed in the eyelet 15 of the concrete body 14 placed on the surface of the slabs 2 (1-2). Installation of vertical produce rotation in the corresponding side arm 26 of the strut 16, equipped with a swivel coupling (figure not shown). Fixing the position as designed concrete wall panel 9, connects them with iskrenimi links T-shaped 8 (1, 3, 4, 6) by welding these connections to the fixtures 11 wall panels 9. The connection wall concrete panels 9 between themselves carry out the welding of the connecting plates 12 to the fixtures 11 (figure 1). By consolidating concrete wall panels 9 over the whole floor, proceed to installation of interior partitions 13, for alignment of the vertical and the subsequent fixation using the device in the form of a rectangular triangle 27 with a screw pair 28 (figure 5). To do this, right-angled triangle 27 is placed near the inner wall 13 to a stop in her limiter 30, and then fixed with a locking screw 31 (figure 5) or the locking rod 32 (Fig), resting against him in slabs 2, then put a vertical, rotating in the appropriate direction screw pair 28, with a focus 29 (figure 5), and finally fix the inner wall 13 connecting the corresponding embedded parts (figure not shown) between them. Posting in the appropriate places on the inner walls 13 over the whole floor, perform grouting at the nodal connections of wall concrete panels and interior walls with the outer walls of claydite-concrete and/or concrete, and in the joints of wall concrete panels with internal partitions and between the claydite-concrete and/or concrete construction p is the target. Upon completion which produce the layout of the floor slab 2, ordinary tying beams 3, peremychechnyj tying beams (figure not shown) and re-erect load-bearing walls of the cladding layer 4, the base layer 6 and the heater 5, repeating the process as described above.

By setting discrete links T-shaped 8 in the bearing layer 6 in varying amounts and varying the number of inserts 11 in concrete wall panels 9 (1, 3, 4), it is possible to adjust the resistance to dynamic loads without interfering with the design of basic elements.

The construction of the external walls of the building prior to installation of wall concrete panels 9 (1-4) provides the scope of work of the masons, providing the opportunity to masonry on all sides of the building without disturbing the view.

The use of the device for alignment of the vertical and the subsequent fixing of wall concrete panels 9 (1-2) allows you to record the panel 9 in any place, and regardless of the mounting horizon that has a concrete body 14 having a large number of degrees of freedom. Joint work concrete body 14 and a pull-out rack 20 of the strut 16 (1-2) provides high technology device usage, which is especially important when it is used in hard to reach areas and limited space areas of the building who I am.

Implementation of the claimed method of construction of buildings of masonry and concrete wall panels using the device for its implementation improves the performance and quality of installation.

The practical feasibility of the invention shown in the example of a specific implementation.

Example 1.

The construction of residential and industrial buildings of masonry and concrete wall panels is as follows. At the beginning of erecting a building Foundation according to the project. Then mounting on the horizon Foundation form the pillars of the ground floor. Upon completion then proceed to the layout of the floor slab and the installation of ordinary wrapping beams on the perimeter of the building erected. Filling the joints of floor slabs between itself and in connection with ordinary tying beams mortar, proceed to build the exterior walls of the building, forming on the surface of ordinary wrapping beams facing layer of masonry, at the same time in masonry joints insert discrete communication in the form of fiberglass reinforcement. By doing so, the clutch is at the correct height, reinforce the insulation on fiberglass reinforcement. Then carry out the laying of the base layer of the wall stones, locking fiberglass reinforcement in masonry joints. In places with which dinani base layer and wall concrete panels between the mortar joints of masonry set of discrete communication in the form of rods in accordance with the placement of inserts in concrete wall the panels. And for the connection of external walls with concrete wall panels in a bearing layer of the wall perform grooves. Thus, form the exterior walls on the perimeter of the building to the full height of the floor. Then in the slots of the base layer insert wall concrete panels, pre-commit, the alignment of the vertical and final fixation by the device, the bracket which is fixed to the wall panel by a screw pair, then to the mounting hole of the bracket connecting the upper hook of the knee, using a sliding rack regulate the length of the strut and fix it to the bottom hook to the eyelet of the concrete body, which is located on the slabs. Fixing the length, start adjustment vertically, which rotate the clamping sleeve knee in the appropriate direction using the handle. Exposed vertical wall panel, it is fixed and perform the connection of embedded parts of this panel with discrete connections of the T-shaped in the form of rods by welding. Thus, make installation of wall panels throughout the building, regardless of the direction of movement and Assembly works. The connection wall concrete panels between themselves perform the welding of the connecting plates to the fixtures of these panels. By consolidating concrete wall panels over the whole floor, Preece is ouput to the grout at the nodal connections of wall concrete panels with outer walls of claydite-concrete and/or concrete, and in the joints of wall concrete panels interconnected claydite-concrete and/or concrete or mortar. Then proceed to installation of interior partitions, vertical alignment and installation shall be performed by using a device, right-angled triangle which is mounted on the floor plate to the stop limiter in the inner wall and fix the locking screw or locking rod, abutting it in slabs. By rotating in the appropriate direction screw pairs with stops set vertical, connect the embedded parts of the inner walls with the appropriate concrete inserts concrete wall panels and/or embedded items exterior walls by welding. Posting in the appropriate places on the inner walls around the ceiling, perform grouting anchor connections internal partitions with the outer walls of claydite-concrete and/or concrete, and in the joints of interior walls with concrete wall panels and between the claydite-concrete, concrete or mortar. Then produce a layout of the floor slabs, ordinary tying beams, peremychechnyj tying beams (figure not shown) and re-erect load-bearing walls of the cladding layer, the base layer and the insulation between them, repeating the process is with the above method.

Example 2.

In example 1, masonry external walls and the installation of internal wall concrete panels perform front, choosing the direction of the construction across the width or along the length of the building, or carrying out the process at the same time.

Example 3.

In example 1, in the case of the use of potting insulation masonry cladding and the supporting layers of the outer wall of the building are simultaneously or alternately, at the beginning of the facing layer, and then carrying or supporting layer, and then facing.

Features:

- Complexity of construction of one floor of the building

with dimensions 16000×12000, h-h 380;

The number of wall concrete panels mounted link in unit time, when the dimensions of the wall panels in an average of 4000×2600, PCs/h 3÷4;

The number of installers required for the installation of one wall concrete panels, people 2,0;

- Deviation of wall concrete panels

from the vertical, mm ±8,0;

- The energy consumption for the construction of the main structural elements of one floor of a building with dimensions 16000×12000 kW 2100÷2300;

- Weight device for mounting wall concrete panels, kg ≈20,0.

The inventive method of construction of residential and industrial buildings of masonry and concrete wall panels and device for its implementation allow for the erection of building objects is s in the shortest possible time. The aggregate use in the present method the main structural elements of the building and installation of wall concrete panels and interior walls ensures the continuity of the construction, the multiplicity of architectural and planning solutions, reliable design and construction technology in General.

1. Device for alignment and temporary fixing of wall panels during Assembly that includes a base fixed on mounting horizon, the strut with persistent device in the form of a bracket and screw pair, characterized in that the base is concrete body placed on the surface of the slabs moved in a given direction by mounting the horizon, and in which you have eyelets to attach the lower hook of the knee, the upper hook of the strut is attached to the mounting hole in the bracket, which is equipped with a locking screw pair and strut provided with a coupling sleeve, pull-out rack with holes and latch changes its length, with the same holes are made with the corresponding relative positions and in the knee.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the mounting holes of the bracket and the holes for the latch of the length of the strut are cylindrical, and/or oval and/or multi-faceted, and/or irregular cross-section, compatible the ri Assembly of the device.

3. Device for installation of interior partitions, containing supporting element with a hollow rack and the locking device, characterized in that the supporting element is designed in the form of a rectangular triangle, adjacent to the inner wall of the leg which contains the locking device in the form of a screw pair with emphasis, when this coil pair mounted at a height of not less than 1/3 the height of the inner walls, and the opposite leg of the triangle is provided with a locking screw or locking rod.

4. The method of construction of residential and industrial buildings of masonry and concrete wall panels, including the flooring joists of the basement, installation of exterior walls, installation of interior walls, installation of interior partitions, the connection of inner and outer walls discrete relationships, characterized by the fact that masonry external walls are made of masonry with a bearing and a facing layer with the installation between discrete links in the form of fiberglass and/or metal reinforcement, insulation, masonry base layer mounted discrete communication in the form of rods, then at the facility level, these relationships are mounted the inner wall of the concrete wall panels, to the fixtures which are attached the rods, first make the clutch outer wall of the lane on the meter of the building to the height of the floor, then mount the internal wall concrete panels, the alignment and subsequent fixation of the design position by using the device according to claim 1 or 2, then mount internal partitions, using the device according to claim 3, then perform the grout at the nodal connections of wall concrete panels and interior walls with the outer walls of claydite-concrete and/or concrete, and in the joints of wall concrete panels with internal partitions and between - claydite-concrete and/or concrete or mortar.

5. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the masonry exterior walls and the installation of internal wall concrete panels perform front when the direction of erection perform in width and/or length of the building.

6. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the discrete connection for connection of external walls with the inner wall of reinforced concrete panels perform T-shaped in the form of a composite rods and/or solid rod and is placed between the seams of wall stones in the bearing layer of the outer wall, while in places such compounds in the bearing layer performs a groove width of not less than the thickness of the internal wall concrete panels and a depth of not more than half the thickness of the base layer of the masonry of the outer wall, and the rod and/or rod used with cylindricus what they and/or polyhedral right or wrong section and the surface perform a smooth and/or ribbed.

7. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the discrete connection of the T-shaped connection for the external walls and the internal wall concrete panels contain at least one rod, wherein the height of the outer wall of these links posted in at least two places, and these ties are made in the horizontal plane rectilinear and/or curvilinear, symmetrically and/or asymmetrically relative to the middle of the groove in the bearing layer in the vertical plane, these connections are made with an angle lamina less than 90° in absolute value relative to the longitudinal axis of the discrete connection.

8. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that for mounting discrete links T-shaped in the form of a rod and/or rods to the fixtures internal wall concrete panels using a welded connection and/or a threaded connection and/or anchoring, with embedded parts used in the form of rectangular cross-section and/or profile of the area, and/or U-shaped profile in cross section.

9. The method according to claim 4, wherein the first set in the design position by means of the devices internal wall concrete panels throughout the building, erecting exterior walls on the perimeter of the building, then perform the connection of external walls with the inner wall of Zhelezobeton the different panels using discrete links T-shaped, close up at the joints-claydite-concrete and/or concrete, and then remove these devices, install interior partitions and perform sealing at the joints with these walls with mortar or concrete.

10. The method according to claim 4, characterized in that the application of caulking masonry heaters masonry cladding and the supporting layers of the outer wall of the building are simultaneously or alternately, first cladding layer, and then carrying or supporting layer, and then facing.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: building, particularly facing outer building walls with large facing panels.

SUBSTANCE: facing panel mounting device comprises body with at least one suspension bail and sliding support. Sliding support is movably fastened to body. The body consists of two plates connected one to another. Clamped between the plates are one bail wall and vertical wall of sliding support. The plates are used as guiding plates, the sliding support is formed of T-shaped profile. Panel displacement limiter is arranged on horizontal shoulder. Suspension bail may be formed of hollow rectangular profile. Profile may be suspended on horizontal bar installed on outer wall surface under panel to be mounted by suspension means secured to vertical posts. Suspension bail may be formed of L-shaped profile and may be suspended directly to lower panel.

EFFECT: simplified mounting of large facing panels, increased productivity, accuracy and safety of elevated job performing.

5 cl, 6 dwg

The invention relates to the field of construction and is intended to improve the thermal performance of building envelopes of residential and public buildings and structures, as well as improve their appearance

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The invention relates to the construction of buildings made of reinforced concrete and can be used in the construction of buildings two or three stories, mostly in rural areas

The invention relates to a method of mounting block walling with profiled flooring

The invention relates to the construction and can be used when mounting coatings industrial buildings

The invention relates to the erection of buildings with bearing walls using the method of lifting beams and is aimed at reducing the cost of construction and installation works

The invention relates to the construction of high-voltage transmission lines, in particular to the installation of the gantry supports using aircraft, such as helicopters

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: dry-mix method of wall construction of blocks involves block laying with open joints made by laying pads of calibrated thickness at inner and outer brickwork part, filling space between blocks by dispersed material, filling outer and inner edges of wall surface by solidifying composition, such as mortar. Area of open joint filling is limited by pads of calibrated thickness with predetermined parametres.

EFFECT: reduced heat conductivity and vapour permeability of walls, unified technological process, enhanced labour efficiency and construction material saving.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction namely to erection of wall cladding of panel buildings. Set of parts for erection of wall cladding of panel buildings comprising bar beam that performs the role of above-window or above-door beam, and parts of L-shaped form, with height equal to length and corresponding to ceiling height without height of above-window or above-door bar beam. Cut in part of L-shaped form is arranged in the form of rectangle, and its height is more than half of height of L-shaped part by half of seam height.

EFFECT: simplification of manufacture, erection and provision of different types of facade.

2 ck, 4 dwg

Construction panel // 2118432

The invention relates to the construction and can be used in the reconstruction of a residential building type hrushevok

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction namely to erection of wall cladding of panel buildings. Set of parts for erection of wall cladding of panel buildings comprising bar beam that performs the role of above-window or above-door beam, and parts of L-shaped form, with height equal to length and corresponding to ceiling height without height of above-window or above-door bar beam. Cut in part of L-shaped form is arranged in the form of rectangle, and its height is more than half of height of L-shaped part by half of seam height.

EFFECT: simplification of manufacture, erection and provision of different types of facade.

2 ck, 4 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: dry-mix method of wall construction of blocks involves block laying with open joints made by laying pads of calibrated thickness at inner and outer brickwork part, filling space between blocks by dispersed material, filling outer and inner edges of wall surface by solidifying composition, such as mortar. Area of open joint filling is limited by pads of calibrated thickness with predetermined parametres.

EFFECT: reduced heat conductivity and vapour permeability of walls, unified technological process, enhanced labour efficiency and construction material saving.

3 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: method presupposes basement floors decking, making external walls from building blocks with bearing and facing layer with installed in between discrete couplings in the form of glass-reinforced plastic or metallic reinforcement, insulator. Thereat discrete couplings in the form of composite of one-piece T-shaped rods are arranged in the masonwork of the bearing layer; then internal walls of reinforced concrete slabs are built-up at the level of installation of couplings, rods are joined to the embedded parts whereof, thereat at first, external wall of the building is built-up along the perimetre up to the one floor height, thereafter internal wall reinforced concrete slabs are assembled, then internal partition walls are assembled, thereafter seams in the joint connections of reinforced concrete slabs and internal partition walls with external walls are sealed with expended clay-concrete and/or concrete, and in the couplings of wall reinforced concrete slabs with internal partition walls and between each other with expended clay-concrete or concrete or with construction mortar. Building-up method is implemented by means of devices for check out and temporal fastening of wall reinforced concrete slabs and for assembly of internal partition walls of the building. Description of devices for check out and temporal fastening of wall slabs during assembly and of the device for the assembly of internal partition walls is provided.

EFFECT: construction reliability and high constructability in general.

10 cl, 8 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: prefabricated building comprises transverse frames of the carcass from pillars, which are hingedly connected to the foundation, and crossbars made of welded double tees of alternating cross section, combined during assembly by means of flange joints, stands of framed structures and multilayer barrier wall and roof structures of the roof. The surface of the barrier structures that are inverted inside the building is formed by walls of cassettes fixed to the elements of the carcass and the stands of the framed structure and made of the metal sheet with L-shaped ribs bent at longer sides to form a cavity filled by heat insulation. The external surfaces of wall and roof structures are fixed to the ribs of the cassettes via an additional layer of heat insulation. The building is equipped with channel-like stiffening elements installed inside cassettes and connected with their walls to the walls of L-shaped stiffening ribs. In the roof structure the stiffening elements rest against the frame crossbars, and in the wall structure they are installed in cassettes adjacent to the framing of window and door openings and in the cassettes that form the pedimental part of the wall.

EFFECT: increasing bearing capacity of the building.

9 cl, 9 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions relates to methods and ways to erect and construct cast-in-place concrete frame buildings with different number of floors with multilayer walls that do not require insulation, additional treatment and finishing of internal and external surfaces, from multi-layer panels with longitudinal internal cavities, and also to equipment for production of construction materials, to large-panel folding formworks. In the method to manufacture multi-layer panels, the decorative layer is applied by the method of concrete guniting, and longitudinal through channels are formed in a heat insulation layer. In the multilayer panel they arrange a strengthened layer between the decorative layer and the heat insulation layer, and the heat insulation layer is equipped with through longitudinal channels. In the folding formwork they arrange additional end boards with folding, non-folding and collapsible boards, and upper end boards are equipped with fixators for longitudinal pipes. In the process line for manufacturing of multi-layer panels they use a multi-stream section for filling of formworks, comprising several lines with tilters for reloading and distribution of formworks along the lines in the inlet zone and for step feed of filled formworks from the outlet zone into the stacking zone, and the section of drying of finished panels in formworks is equipped with chambers of heat treatment and a stacking crane, besides, the process line is equipped with facilities for unloading of panels from formworks with subsequent tilting of panels with a decorative layer upwards, their washing and drying. In the method to erect a cast-in-place concrete frame building with decorative external finishing they use multi-layer panels with a strengthened layer, arranged between the decorative and heat insulation layers, in which cavities for pouring concrete are made in the form of vertical channels arranged in the heat insulation layer.

EFFECT: simplified erection of a cast-in-place concrete frame building with increased strength characteristics of a building frame with prefabricated monolithic walls that do not require additional finish and repair of inner and outer surfaces, simplified process of pouring a concrete mix into longitudinal cavities of multi-layer panels during erection of building walls regardless of weather conditions, higher reliability, strength and aseismic stability of a structure, facilitated manufacturing, tilting and transportation of panels.

23 cl, 119 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to ground construction, and namely to enclosing structures of buildings and structures, and namely to wall panels, panels of coatings, floors, and can be used at erection of multi-storey buildings with a load-carrying reinforced-concrete, metal and wooden frame for large-scale and individual development, at reconstruction of buildings and secondary structures. An element of a multilayer light-weight construction panel includes an internal frame made in the form of a detachable steel frame containing perforated horizontal lower and upper guide elements, between which perforated vertical post elements are installed, which are located in a row in a longitudinal direction of guide elements and rigidly attached to them by means of fasteners and nodal connections, as well as an internal heat insulating layer and external and internal linings; with that, horizontal and vertical elements are made in the form of steel profiles, and profiles of vertical elements have a C-shaped section. Elements of the skeleton frame represent finished parts; with that, horizontal parts are made in the form of profiles of C-shaped section and also include horizontal connection straps; vertical and horizontal parts are connected and have additional bends of flanges of a trapezoid shape at connection points; perforation of parts is made in the form of transverse and longitudinal cut-outs for shaped metal, plate or wooden reinforcement elements of the framing, as well as in the form of process through cuts and guide drawn ends of holes for reinforcement of a connection node with additional stiffeners. The internal heat insulating layer is three-layered and made in the form of two layers of cellulose warmth-keeping material, between which an internal temperature and moisture control insert with internal vertical air chambers, drain channels and condensate collecting channels, which are connected to each other into a common system, is located; inner and outer linings are composite and made in the form of parts with internal fish joints and structural attachment nodes; to outer surface of the outer lining there attached are external fish joints and horizontal U-shaped profiles, which are covered with an external heat insulating layer. Besides, a manufacturing method of such an element is described.

EFFECT: reduction of labour intensity and power consumption for manufacture and erection owing to reducing the number of process operations related to humid processes, machines and mechanisms, which provides the possibility of reducing design and construction limits, with increased fire resistance, sound insulation and heat insulation indices; reduction of material consumption and power consumption for construction.

31 cl, 5 dwg

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