Drain system of sports ground with artificial surface for area with higher humidity and method of its construction

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction, in particular, to design and technology of sports ground drain system with artificial surface for area with higher humidity. Compact, profiled and repeatedly compacted bottom of manifold and drying drain channels is filled at thickness of at least 20 mm and not more than 70 mm by compacted, profiled and repeatedly compacted granite chaff with fraction of 2-10 mm, onto which manifold corrugated PVC pipes are laid being covered with geotextile, for instance, with diametre of 110 mm, as well as drying corrugated drain PVC pipes, for instance, with diametre of 50 mm, and are filled with compacted granite crushed stone with fraction of at least 20 mm and not more than 70 mm to the level of surface of drain system draining layers base. All profiled and repeatedly compacted surfaces of drying, manifold drain channels and surface pf drain system draining layers base earth in sports ground are filled at thickness of at least 150 mm and not more than 250 mm with compacted, profiled and repeatedly compacted granite crushed stone with fraction of at least 20 mm and not more than 70 mm. All specified surface of granite crushed stone of sports ground drain system is filled at thickness of at least 70 mm and not more than 250 mm with compacted, profiled and repeatedly compacted fine granite crushed stone with fraction of at least 5 mm and not more than 20 mm. All mentioned surface of fine crushed stone of drain system of sports ground is coated with layer of geotextile. All surface of mentioned geotextile is filled at thickness of at least 30 mm and not more than 80 mm with compacted, profiled and repeatedly compacted granite chaff with fraction of 2-10 mm. All surface of mentioned granite chaff of sports ground drain system is coated with the second layer of geotextile, on surface of which sports ground artificial surface is arranged.

EFFECT: improved quality of construction, provision of fast drain of rain and melt waters from surface and obtainment of durable, optimal, high-quality characteristics of sports grounds with artificial surface for games and sports competitions at more efficient, simple and fast method of sports ground drain system construction for area with increased humidity and durable operation in all seasons.

9 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the construction and technology of construction of the drainage system playgrounds and can be used in the construction of soccer fields for Rugby, American football, hockey, tennis courts and other sports facilities.

Famous outdoor Playground containing the subgrade, waterproofing film, and the drain conductive layer (A.S. USSR №1738886, CL E01C 13/00, 07.06.1992).

However, this area has a very complex structure and unacceptable to create it grass or artificial surface that can withstand heavy loads during the competition.

Also known outdoor Playground, including consistently placed on the Foundation soil, drainage system and corrugated pipes and the whole system goes down, and as a result, the turf because of violation of the aeration of the soil becomes unfit for use, and, therefore, need repair field. In addition, the axial longitudinal drainage drena, complicating the design of playgrounds, does not carry any payload. The use of turf reduces the time period of operation sports fields and allows to use it only in the warmer months.

To eliminate the mentioned disadvantages allows Drenan the I system sports fields with artificial turf for areas with high humidity, including located at different depths of the trunk (loop collective), drainage, drainage channels and compacted sub-soil drainage layer the drainage system, filled drainage and filter materials. Gradients base drainage layer is made in two slope from the Central longitudinal axis of the playgrounds. Cross-drainage and drainage channels have a slope equal to the slope of the Foundation soil drainage layers, parallel to each other and are communicated to the first and second ends, respectively, with first and second main drainage channels along the edges of the sports ground and having a bias towards the recipient. In drainage and main drainage channels are corrugated drainage pipe. Trunk corrugated drainage pipe is connected with the receiving water through the collectors. The invention differs in that concentration, graded and re-sealed the bottom of the trunk and drainage drainage channels filled with a thickness of not less than 20 mm and not more than 70 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted granite dropout fraction of 2-10 mm, which laid wrapped in geotextile, respectively, trunk corrugated drainage pipes made of PVC, for example, 110 mm in diameter and corrugated drainage on the drain pipe PVC for example, 50 mm in diameter, and filled with compacted granite gravel fraction is not less than 20 mm and not more than 70 mm, from the surface level of sub-soil drainage layer the drainage system. All graded and re-compacted surface drainage, main drainage channels and the surface of the Foundation soil drainage layer the drainage system playgrounds filled with a thickness of not less than 150 mm and not more than 250 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted granite gravel fraction is not less than 20 mm and not more than 70 mm All specified surface granite crushed stone drainage systems playgrounds filled with a thickness of not less than 70 mm and not more than 250 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted fine granite gravel fraction is not less than 5 mm and not more than 20 mm. All the surface with fine granite gravel drainage system sports ground covered with a layer of geotextile. The entire surface of the specified geotextile filled with a thickness of not less than 30 mm and not more than 80 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted granite dropout fractions 2-10 mm. the Entire surface of the specified granite screenings drainage systems playgrounds covered with a second layer of geotextile on the surface of which is laid artificial turf sports fields.

Collectively drainage to the Nala are located at a distance of 4-6 m from each other.

Drainage corrugated drainage pipes are located below the surface of the Foundation soil drainage layer is not less than 50 mm

The first and second ends of the drainage corrugated drainage pipes are located, respectively, above the first and second main corrugated drainage pipe.

Trunk and collectively corrugated drainage pipe wrapped in geotextile and placed, respectively, in the trunk and collectively drainage channels, significantly increase the service life of the entire drainage system sports grounds, because the geotextile prevents the infiltration of small fractions of granite screenings and sedimentation tubes. Filling the surface of the crushed granite fraction of not less than 20 mm and not more than 70 mm of drainage system playgrounds compacted, graded and re-compacted fine granite gravel fraction is not less than 5 mm and not more than 20 mm for a thickness of not less than 70 mm and not more than 250 mm ensures accurate leveling, i.e. significantly reduces the cost of leveling the surface of the sports fields and increases the quality of construction for areas with high humidity. The introduction of a layer of geotextile between the granite screenings and small granite eliminate "leakage" of granite screenings fractions 2-10 mm in the small space between graniteman fraction 5-20 mm The introduction of a layer of geotextile between the granite screenings and artificial turf sports fields prevents "leakage" of granite screenings in artificial turf, and the water passes through the geotextile.

The invention achieves the following technical results: to provide a simple, rapid and economical construction; quick drainage of rain and melt water from the surface; a long, high-quality optimum performance sports grounds; to improve conditions for sports games and competitions in the warm season, and cold.

From the patent literature known sports ground and the technology of its construction, including the creation of multilayer coating of the ground, synthetic films and the drain conductive layer (see A.S. USSR №1738886, E01C 13/00, 07.06.92).

However, this technology is too complex and inappropriate to create playgrounds that are designed to withstand significant loads when conducting sporting events.

Known technology of construction of sports field drainage system, including the serial manufacture of the base, drainage and soil layer, running the bases with gradients and drainage system made from drying the drains and drainage layers, conduct longitudinal drainage drains along the Central longitudinal axis of the lawn, and then ring main drains and cross drainage drains (see RF patent №2096551, E01C 13/00, 20.11.1997).

However, this technology does not provide optimal conditions for growing turf surface and drainage system quickly becomes clogged, are formed gaps, holes, and, as a consequence, lawns becomes unfit for use, i.e. Playground fails, which necessitates frequent repair.

Closest to the claimed technology of construction of the drainage system playgrounds is the technology of construction of the drainage system of cultural turf, including the serial manufacture of the base (the destruction of the fertile soil layer and seal) with gradients that run along or across, or along and across the Central longitudinal axis of the playgrounds. The drainage system is made of a drainage layer and drainage drains containing corrugated drainage pipe located in the drainage channels below the base drainage layer with gradients in the direction laid along the edges of the sports fields below sub-soil drainage drains trunk (loop collective) drains containing corrugated pipeline tubes, United h the rez reservoir receiving water (Sewerage). Drainage layers, drainage drains and main drains or drainage pipes are filled to the level of the surface of the Foundation soil drainage and filter materials, which are used crushed stone, gravel, slag, sand, organic materials or artificial origin (see RF patent №2148121, E01C 13/00, 27.04.2000).

However, this technology also does not provide a cost effective, fast and high-quality construction of the drainage system sports grounds, especially for areas with high humidity and optimal operating conditions for warm and cold seasons. Drainage system quickly becomes clogged, are formed gaps, holes, and, as a consequence, lawns becomes unfit for use, i.e. Playground fails, which necessitates frequent repair.

To eliminate the mentioned disadvantages of the method allows the construction of the drainage system sports fields with artificial turf for areas with high humidity, comprising the sequential destruction of the fertile soil layer, seal the bottom with a slope running across or along and across the Central longitudinal axis of the playgrounds. The drainage system is made of a drainage layer and drainage drainage channels containing gomero the data drain pipes, located in the drainage channels below the base drainage layer with gradients in the direction laid along the edges of the sports fields below sub-soil drainage drainage channels trunk (loop collective) drainage channels containing backbone corrugated drainage pipe connected via a reservoir receiving water. Drainage layers, drainage, drainage channels and main drainage channels are filled with drainage and filter materials. The invention is characterized in that sequentially form the main drainage channels by excavation and removal of outside sports grounds, condense, profiles and re-seal the surface of the base of the trunk drainage channels form drainage drainage channels by excavation and removal of outside sports grounds, condense, profiles and re-seal the surface of the Foundation soil drainage drainage channels. Fill and seal the main drainage channels for a thickness of not less than 30 mm and not more than 70 mm granite dropout fraction of 2-10 mm, profiles and re-compacted surface specified granite screenings. Placed in the main drainage channels on the surface of granite screenings wrapped with geotextile trunk corrugated drainage is haunted PVC pipes, for example, a diameter of 110 mm, Fill and seal the trunk drainage channels granite gravel fraction is not less than 20 mm and not more than 70 mm to the level of sub-soil drainage drainage channels. Fill and seal drainage drainage channels on the thickness of not less than 30 mm and not more than 70 mm granite dropout fraction of 2-10 mm, profiles and re-compacted surface specified granite screenings. Placed in drainage drainage channels on the surface of granite screenings wrapped with geotextile drainage corrugated drainage pipes made of PVC, for example, with a diameter of 50 mm, Fill and seal the trunk and drainage drainage channels granite gravel fraction is not less than 20 mm and not more than 70 mm to the level of the surface of the Foundation soil drainage layer the drainage system. Profiling and re-condense covered surface drainage, main channels and the surface of the Foundation soil drainage layer the drainage system playgrounds. Consistently fill layers and compacted over the entire surface of the base drainage layer, drainage and main drainage channels drainage systems playgrounds granite rubble with a total thickness of not less than 150 mm and not more than 250 mm fraction is not less than 20 mm and not more than 70 mm, profiles and re-compacted surface specified Gras is itogo rubble. Consistently fill layers and compacted throughout the specified surface granite crushed stone drainage systems playgrounds fine granite gravel with a total thickness of not less than 70 mm and not more than 250 mm fraction is not less than 5 mm and not more than 20 mm, profiles and re-seal the surface of the specified fine crushed granite, covered the entire surface of the fine granite gravel drainage systems playgrounds layer of geotextile. Fill on the entire surface of the geotextile thickness of not less than 30 mm and not more than 80 mm stone screening dust fractions 2-10 mm, compacted and profiles and re-compacted surface specified granite screenings. Cover the entire surface of the granite screenings drainage systems playgrounds second layer of geotextile, made upon the surface of the geotextile artificial turf sports fields.

Sub-soil drainage systems playgrounds profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis of sports grounds and compacted with a uniform slope of not less than 5 mm/metre and not more than 7 mm/metre towards the main drainage channels.

The entire surface of the crushed granite drainage systems playgrounds profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis of sports grounds and compacted with a uniform slope of not less than 5 mm/metre and not more than 7 mm/linear m the side of the main drainage channels.

The entire surface of the fine granite gravel drainage systems playgrounds profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis of sports grounds and compacted with a uniform slope of not less than 5 mm/metre and not more than 7 mm/metre towards the main drainage channels.

The entire surface of the granite screenings drainage systems playgrounds profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis of sports grounds and compacted with a uniform slope of not less than 5 mm/metre and not more than 7 mm/metre towards the main drainage channels.

1 shows a General view of the sports fields with artificial turf for areas with high humidity in the cut. Figure 2 - scheme of the drainage system.

Drainage system sports fields with artificial turf, including different deeps trunk (loop collective) 1, drain 2 drain channels and compacted soil base 3 drainage layer the drainage system, filled the filter 6 and drain 7 and 8 materials. The slopes At the base of the drainage layer 3 is made on two of the slope from the Central longitudinal axis And playgrounds. Transverse drainage 2 drainage channels have a slope equal to the slope of the Foundation soil 3 drainage layers, parallel to each other and are communicated to the first and the second end is mi, accordingly, the first and second trunk 1 drainage channels along the edges of the sports ground and having a bias towards the recipient (not shown). In the trunk 1 and drain 2 drain channels are, respectively, wrapped with geotextile trunk 4 and drain 5 corrugated drainage pipe. Trunk 4 corrugated drainage pipe is connected with the receiving water through collectors (not shown). Sealed, graded and re-sealed the bottom of the trunk 1 and drain 2 drain channels filled with a thickness of not less than 20 mm and not more than 70 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted granite dropout 6 fractions 2-10 mm, which laid wrapped in geotextile, respectively, trunk 4 corrugated drainage pipes made of PVC, for example, with a diameter of 110 mm and drainage 5 corrugated drainage pipes made of PVC, for example, 50 mm in diameter, and filled with compacted granite 7 fraction of not less than 20 mm and not more than 70 mm to the level of the ground surface base 3 drainage layer drainage system. Graded and re-compacted surface drainage 2, main 1 drainage channels and the surface of the base 3 drainage layer the drainage system playgrounds filled with a thickness of not less than 150 mm and not more is it 250 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted granite 8 fraction not less than 20 mm and not more than 70 mm All the surface of the crushed granite 8 drainage systems playgrounds filled with a thickness of not less than 70 mm and not more than 250 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted fine granite gravel 9 fraction of not less than 5 mm and not more than 20 mm All specified surface of the crushed granite 9 drainage systems playgrounds covered with the first layer of geotextile 10. The entire surface of the specified geotextile 10 is filled to a thickness of not less than 30 mm and not more than 80 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted granite dropout 11 fractions 2-10 mm. the Entire surface of the specified granite screenings 11 drainage systems playgrounds covered with a second layer of geotextile 12, on the surface of which is laid artificial turf 13 playgrounds. The tray 14 separates the field of sports grounds treadmill, collects and drains water from the treadmill outside playgrounds. The distance between the drain 2 drain channels can range from 4 m to 6 m from each other, and they can get as transversely to the longitudinal axis And sports grounds, and in accordance with any of the other configurations, for example, from the center playgrounds diagonally to its periphery. Drainage of FDG is new drainage pipes 5 are located below the ground surface base 3 drainage layer is not less than 50 mm The first and second ends of the drainage 5 corrugated drainage pipes are located, respectively, above the first and second trunk 4 corrugated drainage pipe. Sub-soil drainage layer 3 profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis And a sports ground and condense at a uniform slope of not less than 5 mm/metre and not more than 7 mm/metre in the direction of trunk 1 drainage channels. The surface of the crushed granite 8 drainage systems playgrounds profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis And a sports ground and condense at a uniform slope of not less than 5 mm/metre and not more than 7 mm/metre in the direction of trunk 1 drainage channels. The surface with fine crushed granite 9 drainage systems playgrounds profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis of sports grounds and compacted with a uniform slope of not less than 5 mm/metre and not more than 7 mm/metre towards the main drainage channels. The entire surface of the granite screenings 11 drainage systems playgrounds profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis And a sports ground and condense at a uniform slope of not less than 5 mm/metre and not more than 7 mm/metre towards the main drainage channels.

The layout of the Foundation soil drainage layer 3 is to give the surface a uniform criminal code of the ons for example, two of the slope relative to the longitudinal Central axis a, which is essential for effluent water filtered through an artificial turf 13 playgrounds, a second layer of geotextile 12, the second layer of granite screenings 11, the first layer of geotextile 10, a layer of fine crushed granite 9, a layer of crushed granite 8, on the basis of the draining layer 3 in the drying channel 2, in which water draining layer 7 flows into drainage 5 wrapped with geotextile corrugated drainage pipes through which water flows into the respective main channels 1 and through the granite crushed stone 7 in the trunk 4 wrapped with geotextile corrugated drainage pipe.

To clear the construction area should be removed to the dump outside sports grounds, for example, using a grader fertile top layer of soil with simultaneous giving of appropriate gradients, sub-soil drainage layers 3. Seal, carefully shaped base 3 drainage layers using leveling and re-sealed with the base 3 with gradients performed in two of the slope from the Central longitudinal axis And playgrounds. This will not only facilitate exact layout of the surface, but will nearly eliminate in the future penetration of artificial turf weeds remaining in the sub-soil drainage layers 3 a is following its profiling.

Planned sub-soil drainage layers 3 playgrounds should be abundantly watered and water when the soil dries, to ride the roller weight from 1.2 t to 8 T. the Rolling start as soon as the ground will no longer stick to the rink, and stop, when the roller does not leave a trace. At the end of each stage seal must be an inspection of thickness, flatness and slope layer. In areas of subsidence layer should be topped up and sealed until the termination of formation of a wave front rollers and tracks from the rink. In places not accessible to the roller, the sealing can be performed with hand beaters until the termination of the formation of ramming traces. Abundant watering to settle the soil can be repeated 2-3 times. After that commence construction of the drainage system, which starts from the device main 1 and transverse drainage 2 drains.

Using, for example, earthmoving machine, form the backbone 1 drainage channels, by excavation and removal of outside sports grounds. Trunk 1 drainage channels perform a wide 25-40 cm and a depth of not less than 25 cm below the soil Foundation drain 2 drain channels. Condense, profiles and re-seal the surface of the base of the trunk 1 drainage channels. Similarly, using, for example, earthmoving machine, form check these is part 2 of the drainage channels, by excavation and removal of outside sports grounds. Cross drain 2 drain line with a uniform pitch identical to the pitch of the sub-soil drainage layers 3 playgrounds. The distance between the drainage channels 4-6 m Drain 2 drain channels perform a width of 15-25 cm and a depth of 15-25 cm and combined with the main drainage channels. Condense, profiles and re-seal the surface of the Foundation soil drainage 2 drainage channels. Fill and seal the trunk 1 drainage channels on the thickness of not less than 30 mm and not more than 70 mm granite dropout fractions 2-10 mm Profiles and re-compacted surface specified granite screenings, placed in a trunk 1 drainage channels, wrapped with geotextile corrugated trunk 4 drain pipes of PVC, for example, 110 mm in diameter, fill and seal the trunk drainage channels 1 placed in them trunk 4 drainage pipes granite 7 fraction of not less than 20 and not more than 70 mm to the level of sub-soil drainage channels. Fill and seal drain 2 drain channels on the thickness of not less than 30 mm and not more than 70 mm granite dropout 6 fractions 2-10 mm, profiles and re-compacted surface specified granite screenings 6. Placed in the drainage drainage channel 2 Ober outie geotextile corrugated collective 5 drainage PVC pipes, for example, with a diameter of 50 mm, Fill and seal the trunk 1 drainage channels and drainage 2 drainage channels placed in them, respectively, the trunk 1 and the drain 5 drain pipes granite 7 fraction of not less than 20 and not more than 70 mm to the level of the Foundation soil 3 drainage layer the drainage system. Consistently layers fill and seal (for example, happen even earlier rink along and across the field) across the surface of the base 3 drainage layers, drying 2, and trunk 1 drainage channels drainage systems playgrounds granite gravel 8 total thickness of not less than 150 mm and not more than 250 mm fraction is not less than 20 and not more than 70 mm Profiles and re-compacted surface specified granite rubble 8. Consistently fill layers and compacted throughout the specified surface of the crushed granite 8 drainage systems playgrounds fine granite gravel 9 total thickness of not less than 70 mm and not more than 250 mm fraction is not less than 5 mm and not more than 20 mm, profiles and re-seal the surface of the specified fine crushed granite 9, covered the entire surface of the fine granite gravel 9 drainage systems playgrounds layer of geotextile 10. Fill on the entire surface of the geotextile thickness of not less than 30 and not more than 80 mm granite screenings 11 fractions 2-10 mm, compacted, etc the mill and re-compacted surface specified granite screenings 11. Cover the entire surface of the granite screenings 11 drainage systems playgrounds second layer of geotextile 12, dim on the surface of the geotextile artificial turf 13 sports fields.

This device sports grounds for many years maintained the efficiency of the drainage system, reliable and quick drainage of rain and melt water from the site maintains a strong artificial turf.

Analogs of the invention:

SU authorship, 1738886, CL E01C 13/00, 1990. SU authorship, 1717690, CL E01C 13/00, 1989.

EN 2096551 C1, 20.11.1997, EN 2148121, E01C, 13/00 27.04.2000.

EN 2149941 27.05.2000.

KISTYAKIVSKYY A. Design of sports facilities. - M.: Vysshaya SHKOLA, 1980, p.56-58.

ABRAMISHVILI, Sports turf. - M.: Soviet sport, 1988, p.10-28.

SU 1831357 A3, 30.07.1993.

SU 1738886 A1, 07.06.1992.

SU 1717690 A1, 07.03.1992.

GB 932032, 24.07.1963.

DE 1534394, 15.06.1972.

DE 3911690 A1, 11.10.1990.

GB 2264875 A, 15.09.1993.

CH 601567, 14.07.1978.

DE 2911690, 02.10.1980.

1. Drainage system sports fields with artificial turf for areas with high humidity, including different deeps trunk (loop collective), drainage, drainage channels and compacted sub-soil drainage layer the drainage system, filled drainage and filter materials, and gradients base DeNiro which were performed in two layers of the slope from the Central longitudinal axis playgrounds, cross-drainage and drainage channels have a slope equal to the slope of the Foundation soil drainage layers, parallel to each other and are communicated to the first and second ends respectively with the first and second main drainage channels along the edges of the sports ground and having a slope in the direction of the receiving water, and drainage and main drainage channels are corrugated drainage pipes, trunk corrugated drainage pipe is connected with the receiving water through the collectors, characterized in that concentration, graded and re-sealed the bottom of the trunk and drainage drainage channels filled with a thickness not less than 20 and not more than 70 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted granite dropouts fractions 2-10 mm, which laid wrapped in geotextile, respectively trunk corrugated drainage pipes made of PVC, for example, with a diameter of 110 mm and drainage corrugated drainage pipes made of PVC, for example, 50 mm in diameter, and filled with compacted granite gravel fraction is not less than 20 and not more than 70 mm to the level of the surface of the Foundation soil drainage layer the drainage system, all graded and re-compacted surface drainage, main drainage channels and the surface of the Foundation soil drainage layers on the drain system playgrounds filled with a thickness of not less than 150 and not more than 250 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted granite gravel fraction is not less than 20 and not more than 70 mm, all the surface of the crushed granite drainage systems playgrounds filled with a thickness of not less than 70 and not more than 250 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted fine granite gravel fraction is not less than 5 and not more than 20 mm, all the surface with fine granite gravel drainage systems playgrounds covered with a layer of geotextile, the entire surface of the specified geotextile filled with a thickness of not less than 30 and not more than 80 mm compacted, graded and re-compacted granite dropout fraction of 2-10 mm, the entire surface of the specified granite dropout drainage systems playgrounds covered with a second layer of geotextile on the surface of which is laid artificial turf sports fields.

2. Drainage system sports fields with artificial turf according to claim 1, characterized in that the collective drainage channels are located at a distance of 4-6 m from each other.

3. Drainage system sports fields with artificial turf according to claim 1, characterized in that the drainage corrugated drainage pipes are located below the surface of the Foundation soil drainage layer is not less than 50 mm to the surface of the pipe.

4. Drainage system playgrounds with the suit is the only coating according to claim 1, characterized in that the first and second ends of the drainage corrugated drainage pipes are located respectively above the first and second main corrugated drainage pipe.

5. The method of construction of the drainage system sports fields with artificial turf for areas with high humidity, comprising the sequential destruction of the fertile soil layer, seal the bottom with a slope running across or along and across the Central longitudinal axis playgrounds and drainage system is made of a drainage layer and drainage drainage channels containing corrugated drainage pipe located in the drainage channels below the base drainage layer with gradients in the direction laid along the edges of the sports fields below sub-soil drainage drainage channels trunk (loop collective) drainage channels containing backbone corrugated drainage pipe connected via a reservoir receiving water, and drainage layers, drainage, drainage channels and main drainage channels filled drainage and filter materials, characterized in that sequentially form the main drainage channels by excavation and removal of outside sports grounds, condense, profiling is re-seal the surface of the base of the trunk drainage channels, form drainage drainage channels by excavation and removal of outside sports grounds, condense, profiles and re-seal the surface of the Foundation soil drainage drainage channels, fill and seal main drainage channels for a thickness of not less than 30 and not more than 70 mm granite dropout fraction of 2-10 mm, profiles and re-compacted surface specified granite screenings, placed in the main drainage channels on the surface of granite screenings wrapped with geotextile trunk corrugated drainage pipes made of PVC, for example, 110 mm in diameter, fill and seal the trunk drainage channels granite gravel fraction is not less than 20 and not more than 70 mm to the surface of the Foundation soil drainage drainage channels, fill and seal drainage drainage channels on the thickness of not less than 30 and not more than 70 mm granite dropout fraction of 2-10 mm, profiles and re-compacted surface specified granite screenings, put in drainage drainage channels on the surface of granite screenings wrapped with geotextile drainage corrugated drainage pipes made of PVC, for example, 50 mm in diameter, fill and seal the trunk and drainage drainage channels granite gravel fraction is not less than 20 and not more than 70 mm to the level of the ground surface base dreni the respective layers a drainage system, profiling and re-condense covered surface drainage, main channels and the surface of the Foundation soil drainage layer the drainage system playgrounds, consistently fill layers and compacted over the entire surface of the base drainage layer, drainage and main drainage channels drainage systems playgrounds granite rubble with a total thickness of not less than 150 and not more than 250 mm fraction is not less than 20 and not more than 70 mm, profiles and re-compacted surface specified crushed granite, sequentially in layers fill and seal across a given surface granite crushed stone drainage systems playgrounds fine granite gravel with a total thickness of not less than 70 and not more than 250 mm fraction is not less than 5 and not more than 20 mm, profiles and re-compacted surface specified crushed granite, covered the entire surface of the fine granite gravel drainage systems playgrounds layer of geotextile and fill on the entire surface of the geotextile thickness of not less than 30 and not more than 80 mm stone screening dust fractions 2-10 mm, compacted, profiles and re-compacted surface specified granite screenings, cover the entire surface of the granite screenings drainage systems playgrounds second layer of geotextile, made upon the surface geotext what I artificial turf sports fields.

6. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that the Foundation soil profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis of sports grounds and compacted with a uniform slope of not less than 5 and not more than 7 mm/metre towards the main drainage channels.

7. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that the entire surface of the crushed granite drainage systems playgrounds profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis of sports grounds and compacted with a uniform slope of not less than 5 and not more than 7 mm/metre towards the main drainage channels.

8. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that the entire surface of the fine granite gravel drainage systems playgrounds profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis of sports grounds and compacted with a uniform slope of not less than 5 and not more than 7 mm/metre towards the main drainage channels.

9. The method according to claim 5, characterized in that the entire surface of the granite screenings drainage systems playgrounds profiles on two of the slope from the longitudinal Central axis of sports grounds and compacted with a uniform slope of not less than 5 and not more than 7 mm/metre towards the main drainage channels.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: draining system of sports ground with manufactured coating and associated construction method is proposed in this invention. The draining system provides for installing at different depth the main line (annular, collecting) draining channels and compacting ground of draining layers filled in with draining and filtering materials. The new feature of the invention is insertion of wrapped in geo-textile corrugated mainline and draining pipes into the mainline and draining channels of sports ground. All profiled and re-compacted surface of granite-crushed stones is coated by geo-textile layer. The whole surface of the above geo-textile layer is filled with compacted, profiled, re-compacted granite screening covered with the second layer of geo-textile. The manufactured coating of sports ground is laid upon the geo-textile layer. Draining system construction technology is also proposed by the invention for the sports ground with manufactured coating.

EFFECT: fast and easy method of draining system construction and long-term all-seasonal sports ground operation.

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Sportive ground // 2263736

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The invention relates to the construction, in particular to a device with a structural element forming the floor or the ceiling

Sportive ground // 2263736

FIELD: sportive constructions, in particular, constructions which may be partly used in agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: sportive ground has base with two slopes extending from central longitudinal axis, drainage layer and soil plant layer placed onto base. Base is part of box-like construction. Rim is placed on inner side of base. Pipe with water discharge grid and warm air supply pipe are mounted on base. Groove is provided at base inner side.

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FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: draining system of sports ground with manufactured coating and associated construction method is proposed in this invention. The draining system provides for installing at different depth the main line (annular, collecting) draining channels and compacting ground of draining layers filled in with draining and filtering materials. The new feature of the invention is insertion of wrapped in geo-textile corrugated mainline and draining pipes into the mainline and draining channels of sports ground. All profiled and re-compacted surface of granite-crushed stones is coated by geo-textile layer. The whole surface of the above geo-textile layer is filled with compacted, profiled, re-compacted granite screening covered with the second layer of geo-textile. The manufactured coating of sports ground is laid upon the geo-textile layer. Draining system construction technology is also proposed by the invention for the sports ground with manufactured coating.

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8 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to construction, in particular, to design and technology of sports ground drain system with artificial surface for area with higher humidity. Compact, profiled and repeatedly compacted bottom of manifold and drying drain channels is filled at thickness of at least 20 mm and not more than 70 mm by compacted, profiled and repeatedly compacted granite chaff with fraction of 2-10 mm, onto which manifold corrugated PVC pipes are laid being covered with geotextile, for instance, with diametre of 110 mm, as well as drying corrugated drain PVC pipes, for instance, with diametre of 50 mm, and are filled with compacted granite crushed stone with fraction of at least 20 mm and not more than 70 mm to the level of surface of drain system draining layers base. All profiled and repeatedly compacted surfaces of drying, manifold drain channels and surface pf drain system draining layers base earth in sports ground are filled at thickness of at least 150 mm and not more than 250 mm with compacted, profiled and repeatedly compacted granite crushed stone with fraction of at least 20 mm and not more than 70 mm. All specified surface of granite crushed stone of sports ground drain system is filled at thickness of at least 70 mm and not more than 250 mm with compacted, profiled and repeatedly compacted fine granite crushed stone with fraction of at least 5 mm and not more than 20 mm. All mentioned surface of fine crushed stone of drain system of sports ground is coated with layer of geotextile. All surface of mentioned geotextile is filled at thickness of at least 30 mm and not more than 80 mm with compacted, profiled and repeatedly compacted granite chaff with fraction of 2-10 mm. All surface of mentioned granite chaff of sports ground drain system is coated with the second layer of geotextile, on surface of which sports ground artificial surface is arranged.

EFFECT: improved quality of construction, provision of fast drain of rain and melt waters from surface and obtainment of durable, optimal, high-quality characteristics of sports grounds with artificial surface for games and sports competitions at more efficient, simple and fast method of sports ground drain system construction for area with increased humidity and durable operation in all seasons.

9 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: visual control.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to the method and means for visual control of the ball hitting the playing field border. This technical result is achieved due to the fact that in the method of visual control of the ball hitting the playing field border the grooves, which are approximately equal to half the diameter of the ball or more, are placed at the border outside the playing field and are filled flush with the surface of the playing field with a mixture of plastic matter and loose material in the ratio that provides the appearance of the print of the ball used when it hits the surface of the filled groove.

EFFECT: invention ensures the accuracy of visual control by relatively simple and inexpensive means.

16 cl, 2 dwg

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