Rotary engine

FIELD: motors and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed engine is to find application in engine-building. The engine comprises a hollow stator with a rotor contained in the chamber; the stator and the rotor have at least a single permanent magnet each which magnets are turned towards each other with their like poles. Additionally the engine comprises the following components: protective screens fixedly attached on the stator magnets, a set of shielding dampers and a system for the dampers automatic opening that consists of a balance mounted onto the rotor axle and a wheeled hook attached on the rotor magnet with a counterbalance attached onto the rotor diametrally opposed to the permanent magnet.

EFFECT: engine structural simplification combined with environmental friendliness parametres improvement.

2 cl, 2 dwg


The invention relates to engine and can be used in a rotary engine to convert the energy of permanent magnets into mechanical energy.

The closest technical solution is a rotary engine, containing a hollow stator and located in the cavity of the stator, the rotor (EN 2074967 C1 IPC F02B 53/00, published 10.03.1997).

A disadvantage of the known devices are complex in structure and the need to use the fuel, the combustion of which affects the ecological state of the environment.

The objective of the invention is to simplify the design of the engine and ensure the improvement of the ecological state of the environment.

This object is achieved due to the fact that a rotary engine, containing a hollow stator and located in the cavity of the stator, the rotor is equipped with permanent magnets, at least one installed in the stator and in the rotor and facing each other with similar poles, protective screens, still attached to the magnets of the stator, a set of screening dampers and automatic opening of the valves, including fixed on a rotor axis scales and located on the magnet of the rotor hook with wheel.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 schematically shows a rotary motor (top view), and n is 2 - section a-a in figure 1.

On the fixed stator 1 has a cylindrical shape fixed one or more permanent magnets 2. The rotating part is located in the cavity of the stator 1, a rotor 3, which is fixed to one or two permanent magnet 4. All the magnets facing each other with similar poles. The engine contains a protective screen 5, which can partially close the magnets of the stator 1 and the portion of the magnet rotor 3, which is close to the magnet of the stator 1, and a shielding flap 6, which are made from the same material as the protective screen 5. Moreover, the screens 5 fixedly mounted on the magnets 4 of the stator 1, and the valve 6 can ascend and descend by means of weights of 7, which is fixed to the rotor axis 3 and are balanced at the ends of the flaps 6. The hook 8, located on the magnet 4 of the rotor opens the valve 6. At the end of the hook 8 is a wheel (not shown conventionally), which reduces friction when opening the valve 6. In the case when the rotor 3 is fixed to one of the magnet 4, the other end of the rotor 3 is mounted a counterweight 10, made of diamagnetic.

The geometric shape of the shielding flaps 6 and 5 screens depends on the shape of the magnets and their thickness depends on the strength of interaction between like poles used in the motor magnets of the rotor 3 and the stator 1. As mA is Arial for protective screens 5 and the shielding flaps 6 may be selected from the following options: ferromagnetic, diamagnetic, magnetic material, i.e. a permanent magnet or combinations of these materials.

The resistance of the shielding flaps 6 magnets 4 of the stator 1 and the rotor 3 when the door is opened will be much less than the force of mutual repulsion of these magnets and thereby ensured the smooth movement of the magnet to the magnet rotor to the stator.

The engine works as follows.

The principle of operation of the engine based on the appearance of repulsive forces between the same poles of the magnets of the rotor 3 and the stator 1. The engine is started by a message to the rotor 3 of the initial angular velocity. After starting the engine, the rotor starts to rotate.

At the approach of the permanent magnet 4 of the rotor 3 to the nearest magnet 4 of the stator 1, the flap 6 of the magnet stator remains closed to exclude the effect of repulsive forces in the direction opposite to the side and let the magnet rotor to freely approach the magnet stator. After the magnet 4 of the rotor 3 passes on the way from the beginning of the magnet 4 of the stator 1, is equal to half its length, the hook 8 starts to open the valve 6. The hook 8 engages a lug (upper corner of the ledge) valve 6 due to the rotation of the rotor from the top corner goes to the bottom right corner of the ledge and begins to lift the flap 6. To reduce friction between the valve 6 and the hook 8 on the end of poslednego the installed wheel (not shown conventionally). Offer of the area of the magnet 4 of the stator 1 and the like poles of the magnets of the stator 1 and the rotor 3 starts to interact, which gives the rotor 3 additional angular momentum in the direction of initial rotation. However, after half the length of the magnet of the stator 1, with a small opening of the valve rotor 3 starts to be repelled from the magnet of the stator, and the flap 6 continues to rise, revealing another large area of the magnet stator. The more open magnet of the stator, the stronger the interaction between the magnets and the rotor is gaining increasing angular velocity, close to another magnet stator. At a time when the magnet of the stator becomes open in front of the other magnet of the stator 1 is closed by a valve 6, which is created by him magnetic field does not act on the rotor 3.

The opening of the damper 6 is carried out using a balance, on which the soft hitch and secured an escape valve. These flaps serve one another counterweight and easy to open and close, as the scales are balanced.

Over time, the angular velocity of the rotor 3 becomes less than the desired count, which can be determined by various means, such as optical, mechanical, electronic, etc. (conventionally not shown). Then the rotor again reported the initial angular velocity times the ranks means depending on the specific version of the runtime engine and operating conditions. Means for monitoring the speed of the rotor and means of communication to the rotor angular velocity can be connected to an electronic control system, including appropriate sensors and the unit of comparison (conventionally not shown).

Thus, the rotary motor using permanent magnets is an environmentally friendly device with small power consumption in the rotation, and can be used to drive rotation in various industries.

1. Rotary engine, containing a hollow stator and located in the cavity of the stator, the rotor, characterized in that it is equipped with permanent magnets, at least one installed in the stator and in the rotor and facing each other with similar poles, protective screens, still attached to the magnets of the stator, a set of screening dampers and automatic opening of the valves, including fixed on a rotor axis scales and located on the magnet of the rotor hook with wheel.

2. The engine according to claim 1, characterized in that the rotor diametrically opposite permanent magnet fixed to the counterweight.


Same patents:

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: thermo electrical system of power generation consists of a multiple set of thermo electrical elements constituting a block with cold and hot side during operation. Operating medium collects reject heat from the cold side of, at least, several thermo electrical elements. Later on, following the above mentioned reject heat collection, the operating medium is heated and releases, at least, part of the heat to the hot side of, at least, several thermo electrical elements from the multiple set of the above elements. So the power is generated by means of, at least, several out of multiple set of thermo electrical elements.

EFFECT: application of invention helps to use heat losses.

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Pulse power system // 2347312

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: present invention pertains to pulsing techniques based on magnetic cumulation of energy, i.e. fast compression of magnetic flux using metal sheath, scattered by an impact wave of an explosive substance. The pulse power system comprises series-arranged magnetic explosion source of initial energy with an output insulator and at least one explosive device with an axial system for initiating charge of the explosive substance. The system for initiating charge contains a power supply, lead-in wire and wiring for blasting a chain of electric detonators. The lead-in wire is between the magnetic explosion source of initial energy and the explosive device. The lead-in wire is in form of at least one pipe-like dielectric element with a conductor and with compact installation into a through-hole. The hole is on the output insulator of the magnetic explosion source of initial energy.

EFFECT: increased reliability of the system and stable results when carrying out experiments.

7 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

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3 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

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FIELD: physics.

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2 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: engines and pumps, physics.

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EFFECT: rotator higher efficiency and output.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: physics.

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Starter-generator // 2321765

FIELD: automotive industry.

SUBSTANCE: starter-generator comprises two-phase rectifying inductive machine with electromagnetic asymmetry, transistor commutator made of the minimum number of switches. The main winding of each of two phases is connected with the power source through a transistor of the inverter. Each recuperating winding of two phases is connected with the power source through a diode of inverter.

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3 dwg

FIELD: pulse engineering; magnetic energy cumulation with magnetic flux compression by means of explosive-material shock wave.

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3 cl, 3 dwg

Magnetic motor // 2310265

FIELD: physics; using energy of permanent magnets to set rotor in motion.

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1 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; drive motors.

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EFFECT: enhanced power output and efficiency.

1 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; generation of extremely intensive magnetic fields by magnetic cumulation method.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method designed for manufacturing cylindrical shell with conductors disposed along generating line includes placement of insulated conductors on main cylindrical mandrel, its potting in curing compound, and post-curing mechanical treatment of shell. Insulated conductors are wound on additional T-shaped mandrel that has cylindrical part and base perpendicular to its axis; base carries longitudinal cleats with slits on its opposite ends for winding two conductor coils at a time. Coils are placed upon trimming on main cylindrical mandrel so that conductors are arranged along generating line of mandrel, this procedure being followed by removing fixation clamps from parts.

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2 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: electrical engineering; building up extremely intensive magnetic fields by magnetic cumulation method.

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EFFECT: enlarged functional capabilities.

1 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: using three-phase synchronous machines for power generation.

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EFFECT: enhanced economic efficiency of power generation.

1 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: conversion of explosive material chemical energy into electrical energy using magnetocumulative or explosion-magnetic generators for magnetic cumulation of energy.

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EFFECT: reduced leakage fluxes beyond magnetic-flux compression loop, enhanced initial energy in compression loop of spiral magnetocumulative generator.

2 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering; power supply systems for various fields of national economy.

SUBSTANCE: proposed electrical energy generating unit has low-to-high voltage converter connected to external power supply that conveys its output voltage through diode to charging capacitor. Accumulated charge is periodically passed from capacitor through discharger to first inductance coil accommodating second inductance coil disposed coaxially therein and having greater turn number. Second coil is resonance-tuned to operating period of discharger. Voltage picked off this coil is transferred through diode to charging capacitor. Electrical energy is conveyed to power consumer by means of third inductance coil mounted coaxially with respect to two first ones. It is coupled with these coils by mutual inductance and is connected to rectifier.

EFFECT: enhanced efficiency.

1 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: pulse equipment engineering, in particular, technology for magnetic accumulation of energy, related to problem of fast compression of magnetic flow by means of metallic casing, accelerated by air blast produced by detonation of explosive substance; technology for forming high voltage pulses, which can be used for powering high impedance loads, like, for example, electronic accelerators, lasers, plasma sources, UHF-devices, and the like.

SUBSTANCE: method for producing voltage pulse includes operations for creating starting magnetic flow, compressing it under effect from explosive substance charge explosion products in main hollow, output of magnetic flow into accumulating hollow and forming of pulse in load and, additionally, compression of magnetic flow is performed in accumulating hollow, forming of pulse is performed in additional forming hollow, and main, accumulating and forming hollows are filled with electro-durable gas. Device for realization of magnetic-cumulative method of voltage pulse production includes spiral magnetic-cumulative generator, having coaxial external spiral-shaped conductor and inner conductor with charge of explosive substance, the two forming between each other aforementioned main hollow for compressing magnetic flow, and also accumulating hollow and load. Device additionally has pulse forming hollow, positioned between additional hollow and load. Accumulating hollow is formed by additional spiral conductor, connected to spiral conductor of magnetic-cumulative generator and to portion of inner conductor. In accumulating hollow coaxially with inner conductor of magnetic-cumulative generator, ring-shaped conical dielectric element is positioned. All hollow are connected to system for pumping electric-durable gas. Ring-shaped conical dielectric element is made with outer cylindrical surface, adjacent to inner surface of additional spiral conductor, and to inner conical surface. Angle α between outer surface of portion of inner conductor, positioned in accumulating hollow, and inner surface of conical ring-shaped dielectric element is made in accordance to relation 7°≤α≤30°.

EFFECT: increased power, increased current pulse amplitude, shorter pulse duration, increased electric durability.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: explosive pulse engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed method for manufacturing spiral coil for magnetic explosion generator producing current pulses of mega-ampere level intended to obtain more densely wound coil of higher inductance and, hence, higher current gain of magnetic explosion generator includes winding of insulated conductors on mandrel, coil potting in compound, curing of the latter, and coil removal from mandrel. Round-section conductor is deformed prior to winding until its sectional area is enclosed by oval, then it is covered with insulation and wound so that small axis of oval is disposed in parallel with spiral coil axis.

EFFECT: improved performance characteristics of coil.

1 cl 2 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering, in particular, of equipment for transformation of heat energy, including that of the Sun, to electric energy.

SUBSTANCE: electric generator contains stator with stator winding and rotor positioned therein, made in form of piston; stator is provided with two vessels filled with gas, connected hermetically to each other via a hollow cylinder, which is made of material with high magnetic penetrability and having two limiters on the ends of cylinder, and piston is positioned inside aforementioned cylinder, made of magnetic-hard material and provided with piston rings, while stator winding is wound on cylinder and its ends are connected to load clamps.

EFFECT: provision of high efficiency.

1 dwg

FIELD: technology for transformation of chemical energy of explosive substance to electromagnetic energy.

SUBSTANCE: autonomous magnetic cumulative generator consists of spiral conductor, current-conductive liner with a charge of substance and initiation system, magnetic stream compression hollow, load and a system of permanent magnets, containing at least one magnet, positioned above spiral conductor with magnetization of parallel surface of spiral conductor, system of permanent magnets contains an additional magnet, positioned above spiral conductor on the side of load with magnetization of perpendicular surface of spiral conductor, while force lines of magnetic field of a system of magnets and in the compression hollow form a closed contour.

EFFECT: decreased dissipation flows beyond limits of magnetic flow compression contour and, as a result, increased starting energy in compression contour of magnetic cumulative generator.

1 cl, 7 dwg