Rotary engine

FIELD: motors and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: proposed engine is to find application in engine-building. The engine comprises a hollow stator with a rotor contained in the chamber; the stator and the rotor have at least a single permanent magnet each which magnets are turned towards each other with their like poles. Additionally the engine comprises the following components: protective screens fixedly attached on the stator magnets, a set of shielding dampers and a system for the dampers automatic opening that consists of a balance mounted onto the rotor axle and a wheeled hook attached on the rotor magnet with a counterbalance attached onto the rotor diametrally opposed to the permanent magnet.

EFFECT: engine structural simplification combined with environmental friendliness parametres improvement.

2 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to engine and can be used in a rotary engine to convert the energy of permanent magnets into mechanical energy.

The closest technical solution is a rotary engine, containing a hollow stator and located in the cavity of the stator, the rotor (EN 2074967 C1 IPC F02B 53/00, published 10.03.1997).

A disadvantage of the known devices are complex in structure and the need to use the fuel, the combustion of which affects the ecological state of the environment.

The objective of the invention is to simplify the design of the engine and ensure the improvement of the ecological state of the environment.

This object is achieved due to the fact that a rotary engine, containing a hollow stator and located in the cavity of the stator, the rotor is equipped with permanent magnets, at least one installed in the stator and in the rotor and facing each other with similar poles, protective screens, still attached to the magnets of the stator, a set of screening dampers and automatic opening of the valves, including fixed on a rotor axis scales and located on the magnet of the rotor hook with wheel.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 schematically shows a rotary motor (top view), and n is 2 - section a-a in figure 1.

On the fixed stator 1 has a cylindrical shape fixed one or more permanent magnets 2. The rotating part is located in the cavity of the stator 1, a rotor 3, which is fixed to one or two permanent magnet 4. All the magnets facing each other with similar poles. The engine contains a protective screen 5, which can partially close the magnets of the stator 1 and the portion of the magnet rotor 3, which is close to the magnet of the stator 1, and a shielding flap 6, which are made from the same material as the protective screen 5. Moreover, the screens 5 fixedly mounted on the magnets 4 of the stator 1, and the valve 6 can ascend and descend by means of weights of 7, which is fixed to the rotor axis 3 and are balanced at the ends of the flaps 6. The hook 8, located on the magnet 4 of the rotor opens the valve 6. At the end of the hook 8 is a wheel (not shown conventionally), which reduces friction when opening the valve 6. In the case when the rotor 3 is fixed to one of the magnet 4, the other end of the rotor 3 is mounted a counterweight 10, made of diamagnetic.

The geometric shape of the shielding flaps 6 and 5 screens depends on the shape of the magnets and their thickness depends on the strength of interaction between like poles used in the motor magnets of the rotor 3 and the stator 1. As mA is Arial for protective screens 5 and the shielding flaps 6 may be selected from the following options: ferromagnetic, diamagnetic, magnetic material, i.e. a permanent magnet or combinations of these materials.

The resistance of the shielding flaps 6 magnets 4 of the stator 1 and the rotor 3 when the door is opened will be much less than the force of mutual repulsion of these magnets and thereby ensured the smooth movement of the magnet to the magnet rotor to the stator.

The engine works as follows.

The principle of operation of the engine based on the appearance of repulsive forces between the same poles of the magnets of the rotor 3 and the stator 1. The engine is started by a message to the rotor 3 of the initial angular velocity. After starting the engine, the rotor starts to rotate.

At the approach of the permanent magnet 4 of the rotor 3 to the nearest magnet 4 of the stator 1, the flap 6 of the magnet stator remains closed to exclude the effect of repulsive forces in the direction opposite to the side and let the magnet rotor to freely approach the magnet stator. After the magnet 4 of the rotor 3 passes on the way from the beginning of the magnet 4 of the stator 1, is equal to half its length, the hook 8 starts to open the valve 6. The hook 8 engages a lug (upper corner of the ledge) valve 6 due to the rotation of the rotor from the top corner goes to the bottom right corner of the ledge and begins to lift the flap 6. To reduce friction between the valve 6 and the hook 8 on the end of poslednego the installed wheel (not shown conventionally). Offer of the area of the magnet 4 of the stator 1 and the like poles of the magnets of the stator 1 and the rotor 3 starts to interact, which gives the rotor 3 additional angular momentum in the direction of initial rotation. However, after half the length of the magnet of the stator 1, with a small opening of the valve rotor 3 starts to be repelled from the magnet of the stator, and the flap 6 continues to rise, revealing another large area of the magnet stator. The more open magnet of the stator, the stronger the interaction between the magnets and the rotor is gaining increasing angular velocity, close to another magnet stator. At a time when the magnet of the stator becomes open in front of the other magnet of the stator 1 is closed by a valve 6, which is created by him magnetic field does not act on the rotor 3.

The opening of the damper 6 is carried out using a balance, on which the soft hitch and secured an escape valve. These flaps serve one another counterweight and easy to open and close, as the scales are balanced.

Over time, the angular velocity of the rotor 3 becomes less than the desired count, which can be determined by various means, such as optical, mechanical, electronic, etc. (conventionally not shown). Then the rotor again reported the initial angular velocity times the ranks means depending on the specific version of the runtime engine and operating conditions. Means for monitoring the speed of the rotor and means of communication to the rotor angular velocity can be connected to an electronic control system, including appropriate sensors and the unit of comparison (conventionally not shown).

Thus, the rotary motor using permanent magnets is an environmentally friendly device with small power consumption in the rotation, and can be used to drive rotation in various industries.

1. Rotary engine, containing a hollow stator and located in the cavity of the stator, the rotor, characterized in that it is equipped with permanent magnets, at least one installed in the stator and in the rotor and facing each other with similar poles, protective screens, still attached to the magnets of the stator, a set of screening dampers and automatic opening of the valves, including fixed on a rotor axis scales and located on the magnet of the rotor hook with wheel.

2. The engine according to claim 1, characterized in that the rotor diametrically opposite permanent magnet fixed to the counterweight.



 

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