Private building heating and hot water supply system based on rotor-type heat generator

FIELD: heating systems.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to heat engineering, and namely to heat generators, and can be used for heating of and hot water supply to private housing stock. Heating system includes hydraulic water-intake circuit and closed hydraulic heating circuit, heat generator, pump connected to heat generator through delivery branch pipe, and heat exchangers connected to heat generator through direct pipeline and return pipeline of closed hydraulic heating circuit, which is connected to suction branch pipe of the pump. System is equipped with two-section heat and noise insulated capacity, on inner wall of one of sealed sections there installed is a heat generator with drive from submersible electric motor, which is rigidly connected thereto, and made in the form of cylindrical sealed housing with cavity inside which on electric motor shaft there arranged with the possibility of turning is a hollow perforated rotor inside which there rigidly installed are at least two or more uniformly distributed radial division plates with n through holes. On cylindrical surface of sealed heat generator housing there located is at least one or more uniformly distributed outlet holes with branch pipes bent in the intended direction of rotor rotation, and inlet branch pipe of the first section of capacity is connected to pump delivery branch pipe. Outlet branch pipe is connected to direct pipeline of closed hydraulic heating circuit; in the second sealed section of heat and noise insulated capacity, which is isolated from the first one, there located is heat exchanger the inlet whereof is connected through an automatic control valve to the first section, and the outlet - to return pipeline of closed hydraulic heating circuit. Besides, to the first section there connected is hydraulic circuit for hot water supply, and in hydraulic water intake circuit there installed is pressure water supply pump to heat and noise insulated capacity and to hydraulic circuit for private use. System is equipped with controls and instrumentation and with shutoff control valves.

EFFECT: improving operating efficiency of heat generator and optimising heating and hot water supply system.

3 cl, 3 dwg

 

The invention relates to heat engineering and heat, and can be used for heating and hot water supply of private housing stock.

Known Autonomous heating system for building individual use (see RF patent 2162990, IPC F24D 11/00, 15/02. F24J 3/00, publ. 10.02.01,, bull. N4), taken as a prototype. Autonomous heating system includes a closed hydraulic circuit with a gas cushion, a pump connected to the heat generator hydrodynamic cavitation-type pressure through the nozzle with the liquid flow regulator, and heat exchangers. Heat made in the form of a sealed container located in the upper part of the hydraulic housing and filled with liquid above three quarters of its height with the formation of a gas cushion in the upper part. The cavitation device is made of at least one jet nozzle and one blade of the turbine wheel, is immersed in a liquid tank, a nozzle connected to the flow regulator, and a blade of the turbine wheel is located opposite the nozzle.

The disadvantages of the prototype are insufficient use of the functionality of the device, insufficient heat output of the heat source and, therefore, the entire heating system and hot water.

And h is th invention solves the problem: reduction of energy consumption by addressing heating and hot water.

The technical result obtained by carrying out the invention, is to improve the efficiency of boiler and system optimization of the heating and hot water.

This technical result is achieved in that in the heating system containing a hydraulic intake path, and a closed hydraulic heating circuit heat pump connected to the heat source through the discharge port, and the heat exchangers related to heat through direct and via connected to the suction connection of the pump to the return pipe of the closed hydraulic heating circuit, it is new that the system is equipped with two teplozvukoizoljacionnojj capacity, on the inner wall of one of the sealed sections of installed heat source is driven by a submersible electric motor, is rigidly associated with him, and made in the form of a cylindrical sealed housing with a cavity within which a motor shaft rotatably placed hollow perforated rotor, inside of which is rigidly mounted, at least two or more evenly spaced radial partitions with n-th number of the through holes, and on the cylindrical surface of the sealed enclosure of the heat generator is placed at least one or bol is e evenly spaced outlet openings with pipe, curved in the direction of rotation of the rotor, the inlet of the first section of the vessel is connected with the inlet pipe of the pump and the outlet is connected with a direct pipeline closed hydraulic heating circuit, the second isolated from the first sealed section teplozvukoizoljacionnojj capacity posted by the heat exchanger, the entrance of which is through the automatic control valve associated with the first section, and an exit with a return pipe of a closed hydraulic heating circuit, in addition, it is connected to the hydraulic circuit for hot-water supply and hydraulic diversion circuit has a pump for feeding the water pressure in teploisolierungs capacity and hydraulic circuit for household consumption the system is equipped with instrumentation and valves and fittings.

Instrumentation and valves are installed with unified output signal processing and control using control and regulating means of microprocessor technology, which allows the programming of climatic parameters inside the building, as well as the parameters for the supply of hot and cold water.

Two teplozvukoizolyaciya capacity size is placed in a soundproof room, and the hydraulic circuits associated with it through the joints.

The placement of the heat generator driven by a submersible electric motor in the first sealed section teplozvukoizoljacionnojj capacity due to the need of highly efficient heat energy with minimized losses that allows you to store heated water with its subsequent use. The noise level when using a submersible electric motor by 20%-40% lower noise level when using electric motors General purpose.

Through the outlet of the first section teplozvukoizoljacionnojj capacity hot water comes in direct pipeline heating system, and the inlet, which inlet spigot of the heat generator, is connected with the output (intake pipe) pump inlet (suction nozzle) which is connected with the return pipe of the heating system and hot water. Installation of the pump in front of the entrance pipe of the heat required to maintain the pressure at the inlet of the heat source, the processes of heat generation will be insufficient.

The pump installed in the hydraulic intake path, with a corresponding actuation of valves serves to provide recharge heating system and grief is its water-supply, and also to supply water for household purposes (watering, car washing, fire valve and the like) from a well (borehole).

Placing a second, isolated from the first sealed section teplozvukoizoljacionnojj capacity of the heat exchanger, which on the one hand through the automatic valve hydraulically connected to the first section, and on the other hand - with the return pipe of the heating system and hot water due to the fact that at the opening of the automatic regulating valve in the water is heated using a heat exchanger, designed for hot water, which is consumed as needed. At a specific point in time, the water may be heated in both sections, and separately, as well as connecting the two load systems can be both separate and simultaneous.

Through the inlet of the second section is used to supply water consumed for hot water supply, and through closed her hand after heating.

Performing a heat source in the form of a cylindrical sealed container with a cavity due to the need of installation in the cavity on the shaft for rotation of the hollow perforated rotor, inside of which is uniformly and rigidly mounted radial partitions with through-holes.

Execution of the hollow p is harrowing rotor, inside of which is rigidly mounted, at least two or more evenly spaced radial partitions with n-th number of the through holes, due to the need for higher output, which is ensured by the following factors. First, if water penetrates into the hollow rotor promotion to the cylindrical surface occurs with repeated braking and dividing a continuous stream of partitions with through-hole that leads to the heating of water. Secondly, at the end of the water out of the holes, placed on the walls of the hollow rotor, is also the release of thermal energy. Thirdly, the heating process is accompanied by the passage of the liquid under pressure from the pump and the centrifugal force between the surfaces of the cavity and the outer surfaces of the rotor.

The heating efficiency is regulated by the number of radial partitions and the number of holes on them without increasing the overall dimensions of the heat source to increase its power consumption, and therefore heat output.

Accommodation on the cylindrical surface of the sealed enclosure of the heat source, at least one or more evenly spaced outlet openings with pipe, curved along the intended direction of the Department of rotation of the rotor, due to the need to give emerging from the cavity of the heat source to the rotational flow component, leading to active mixing of different water layers in the first section teplozvukoizoljacionnojj capacity and more rapid and uniform heating.

Instrumentation and valves are installed with unified output signal processing and control using control and regulating means of microprocessor technology, which allows the programming of climatic parameters inside the building, as well as the parameters for hot water supply, which plays an important role for the consumer. In addition to the temperature regime inside the building, water temperature for hot water supply, in this scheme it is possible temporary programming automatic watering and the like. The whole complex of registering, regulating and controlling means can operate based on the data embedded in the home personal computer.

Another important factor for consumer properties of the system is that two teplozvukoizolyaciya capacity housed in a soundproof room. In this case, there is a double protection against noise produced by running an electric motor is Elam and heat generator. To eliminate the transmission of vibrations that occur during operation of the heat generator with submersible elektrodvigatel, the hydraulic circuits connected to teplozvukoizoljacionnojj capacity through expansion joints.

Technical solutions with the features distinguishing the claimed solution to the prototype, is not known and obvious manner from the prior art do not follow. It can be considered that the claimed solution is new and involves an inventive step.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows a heating system and hot water for buildings private use, a General scheme; 2 - heater; 3 - scheme of radial partitions in a hollow perforated rotor of the generator.

Heating system and hot water for buildings personal use on the basis of the rotary type heat generator includes a hydraulic intake path 1 with a well (borehole) 2, which features a filter 3, a check valve 4, a pressure reducing valve 5, a pump 6; economic hydraulic circuit 7 with the watering valve 8, valve for washing cars and household equipment 9, the crane fire 10; a closed hydraulic heating circuit 11 with an automatic regulating valve 12, radiators P1...Pn13 (heat exchangers), the circus is alonim pump 14; hydraulic circuit for hot water supply 15 with an automatic regulating valve 12, the intake valves K1...Kn16. The hydraulic circuits 1, 11, 15 are connected with tight teplozvukoizoljacionnojj 17, with sections 18, 19, isolated from each other, which is housed in a soundproof room. On the inner wall of the section 18 is the heat source 20, is rigidly associated with a submersible electric motor 21, section 19 - exchanger 22, which one input is connected with the return pipe of the closed hydraulic heating circuit 11, and the other with section 18.

The system is equipped with instrumentation and valves and fittings. To enter water from section 18 to the heat exchanger 22 is set to automatic regulating valve 23. Supply hydraulic circuits 1, 11, 15 to the vessel 17 made through the joints 24. In both sections of the tank 17 is installed sensors control the liquid level 25 and contact thermostats 26. Pipeline hydraulic intake path 1 after exiting the well (borehole) 2 set coil of the electronic device 27 to soften hard water. For automatic control valves 12, 23 installed programmable thermostat 28 functions to control heating and hot in the water supply with remote air temperature sensor in the room. The system is equipped with a surge tank 29 with automatic air vent 30. To manage all devices placed in the vessel 17, a control Cabinet 31.

The heat source 20 consists of a stator 32 with a cylindrical cavity 33 within which rotatably on the shaft of a submersible electric motor 21 is rigidly fixed hollow perforated rotor 34. On the inner end surface of the stator 32 is made of radial rows of blind holes 35. In the end walls and the cylindrical wall of the rotor 34 is made respectively the radial and median number of through holes 36. Inlet pipe 37 is placed coaxially with the shaft of a submersible electric motor 21 on the end surface of the stator 32. Output pipe 38 is installed on the cylindrical surface of the stator 32 and is curved in the direction of rotation of the rotor 34. Inside the hollow rotor 34 is installed, at least two or more evenly spaced radial partitions 39 with n-th number of through holes 40, similar to the holes 36. The outlet 41 of the first section 18 teplozvukoizoljacionnojj tank 17 is connected with a direct pipeline 42 closed hydraulic heating circuit 11, and the inlet pipe capacity, which is the suction inlet 37 of the heat generator, is connected with the outlet (inlet pipe) of the circulation pump 1, the inlet (suction nozzle) which is connected with a return pipe 43 and the pipe on the drawing is not specified).

Heating system and hot water for buildings personal use on the basis of the rotary type heat generator works as follows.

By means of a pump 6 through a hydraulic intake path 1 can be filled with water from a well (borehole) 2 hydraulic circuit 7, 11, 15. In the hydraulic circuit 1 water is first filtered in the filter 3 from mechanical impurities. Further, it is processed in the electronic device 27 for softening hard water, which prevents the formation of scale in all elements of the system. When applying this instrument does not direct contact with water and does not require the use of chemical components. Then through the check valve 4, a pressure reducing valve 5, the pump 6 water under pressure enters in sections 18, 19.

Turns on the pump 14. After achieving a stable fluid circulation is included submersible motor 21. The heating process of water occurs in the gaps between the outer surfaces of the rotor 34 and the inner surfaces of the stator 32 in zones a through 36 and blind holes 35 of the rotor 34 and stator 32, and also pass through holes 40 in the partition 39. The exhaust heated water in a section through the output nozzle 8, curved in the direction of rotation of the rotor 32. Water, acquiring rotational component, intensively mixed.

When using hydraulic circuit for hot water supply 15 is triggered automatic control valve 23, and the heated water from the section 18 is supplied to the heat exchanger 22 section 19 and heats the clean water received directly from a well (borehole) 2 in section 19. The flow of water from faucets To1...Kn16 is regulated by the automatic regulating valve 12, which is controlled using a programmable thermostat 28 functions to control heating and hot water supply system.

The flow of coolant (hot water) of section 18 in a closed hydraulic heating circuit 11 is carried out through an automatic control valve 12, similar to the above valve. thermal energy of the heated water is dissipated through the heat exchangers, i.e. radiators P1...Pn13. To facilitate pumping of the water in the return line 43 closed hydraulic heating circuit 11 is applied circulating pump 14. Control on-off of a submersible electric motor 21 with the heat source 20, the temperature control and fluid level in sections 18, 19 using the control Cabinet 31.

Regulation and pin is the role of temperature is due to the contact of thermostat 26, as the water level control through sensors liquid level 25. Using a remote temperature sensor, the included programmable thermostat 28 functions to control heating and hot water supply system, provided programming climatic parameters. To reduce transmission of vibration oscillations of teplozvukoizoljacionnojj tank 17 system installed expansion joints 24. Through the automatic valve 30 installed in the surge tank 29, is diverted accumulated in the air system. If necessary, can be equipped with additional air vent in places of accumulation of air. When the need for watering, washing activities, in the event fires after the opening of the valve, respectively, are used irrigation valve 8, the valve for washing cars and household equipment 9, the crane fire 10. Programmable thermostat 28 functions to control heating and hot water supply system, an electronic device 27 for softening hard water, other regulatory and control devices with standardized output signals can be through the device approval (PA) is associated with a home personal computer (PC)with the appropriate software. With what you learn in addition, all data on the control of all parameters will be collected in one place, you can implement programming climatic parameters, settings, hot water, watering regimes, and in the presence of fire sensors - auto fire extinguishing system.

1. Heating system containing a hydraulic intake path, and a closed hydraulic heating circuit heat pump connected to the heat source through the discharge port, and the heat exchangers related to heat through direct and via connected to the suction connection of the pump to the return pipe of the closed hydraulic heating circuit, characterized in that the system is equipped with two teplozvukoizoljacionnojj capacity, on the inner wall of one of the sealed sections of installed heat source is driven by a submersible electric motor, is rigidly associated with him, and made in the form of a cylindrical sealed housing with a cavity inside which the shaft of the motor is rotatably placed hollow perforated rotor inside which is hardcoded at least two or more evenly spaced radial partitions with n-m number of through holes, and on the cylindrical surface of the sealed housing Teploenergo the RA placed, at least one or more evenly spaced outlet openings with pipe, curved along the direction of rotation of the rotor, the inlet of the first section of the vessel is connected with the inlet pipe of the pump and the outlet is connected with a direct pipeline closed hydraulic heating circuit, the second isolated from the first sealed section teplozvukoizoljacionnojj capacity posted by the heat exchanger, the entrance of which is through the automatic control valve associated with the first section, and an exit with a return pipe of a closed hydraulic heating circuit, in addition, it is connected to the hydraulic circuit for hot-water supply and hydraulic diversion circuit has a pump for feed water pressure in teploisolierungs capacity and hydraulic circuit for household consumption, the system is equipped with instrumentation and valves and fittings.

2. Heating system according to claim 1, characterized in that the instrumentation and valves are installed with unified output signal processing and control using control and regulating means of microprocessor technology, which allows the programming of climatic PA is amerov inside the building, as well as the parameters for the supply of hot and cold water.

3. Heating system according to claim 1, characterized in that two teplozvukoizolyaciya capacity housed in a soundproof room, and the hydraulic circuits associated with it through the joints.



 

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