Method and machine for bunch formation

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes loading ends of sheared trees into the machine for bunch formation and transportation to the next station. Bunch formation is carried out on the ground, and hauling by traction to the next station is carried out by the machine for bunch formation. On the first station sheared trees are bundled by butt ends on the winch rope of the machine for bunch formation lying on the ground. The bunch is choked by the winch rope using a clinch in its end, and left in the first station. The rope is drawn off the hoisting drum when replacing machine to the next station. After the machine is set on the stop, the bunch from the first station is hauled by traction with the winch to the second station. The bunch is grubbed and attached to the bunch of the required quantity by laying trees on it which were sheared on the second station. The machine has driving chassis which is equipped with a manipulator having claw-like felling unit and device for bunch formation on its free end. The device for bunch formation has a winch placed on the frame of the driving chassis and equipped with load carrying rope and clinch on the free end of the rope, winch drive is made from one of the shafts of the reducing gear of the driving chassis's travel mechanism.

EFFECT: method and construction of the machine allow formatting bunches of any size without charging the machine, and improving ecology.

3 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to technology and machines for felling of trees and the formation of these packs for further logging and can be used in the forest industry and forestry.

The known method of forming packs of trees when felling-bunching machine comes to the plot and is set in a convenient to form the stack position, the manipulator is induced on standing wood gripping-cutting device, the tree is captured, cut and laid on the ground, and then processed all the available trees and placed in one pack, after processing of all available trees machine is moved to another position, where the trees puts in another bundle (Gorokhovsky CYP, Kalinowski VP, Livshits NV Technology and cutting machine, Lutoslawski works: Textbooks for high schools. - M.: Genre Differences. prom the terrain, 1980, 384 S., sm p.10 18...line at the top and figure 27, b).

A known machine for forming bundles comprising a self-propelled chassis on which is mounted process equipment containing manipulator is equipped at its free end a gripping-cutting device (Gorokhovsky CYP, Kalinowski VP, Livshits NV Technology and cutting machine, Lutoslawski works: Textbook. manual for schools. - M.: Genre Differences. prom the terrain, 1980, 384 S., see Fig.29, and on p.88).

Known way shaped who I bundles and machine for forming bundles forms a tutu insufficient for skidding machines, that reduces the effectiveness of the use, skidding machine requires a larger number of flights for logging all packets, while the chassis of the machine is damaged soil, seedlings and root system of the remaining trees, which are not desirable in a gradual selective felling and thinning.

The known method of forming packs of trees when felling-bunching machine comes to the plot and is set in a convenient to form the stack position, the manipulator is induced on standing wood gripping-cutting device, the tree is captured, cut and placed in Konik installed on the same machine, after processing of all available trees bundle is clamped in Konik, the machine moves to the next Parking lot and cut the trees are placed in Konik or on the ground depending on occupancy Konica, when filled Konik first packet dropped on the ground and from the second Parking lot trees are placed on land laid out a conic bundle (Gorokhovsky CYP, Kalinowski VP, Livshits NV Technology and cutting machine, Lutoslawski works: Textbook. manual for schools. - M.: Genre Differences. prom the terrain, 1980, 384 S., see p.86, 10...17 rows at the top and 27, in).

A known machine for forming bundles for carrying out the method of forming packages, including self-propelled chassis, on which the om processing equipment is mounted, containing the manipulator is equipped at its free end a gripping-cutting device, and apparatus for forming bundles, such as conics, mounted on self-propelled chassis (Gorokhovsky CYP, Kalinowski VP, Livshits NV Technology and cutting machine, Lutoslawski works: Textbook. manual for schools. - M.: Genre Differences. prom the terrain, 1980, 384, see Fig.29,b p.88).

The known method of forming bundles and machine for forming bundles has the disadvantage that the apparatus for forming bundles, such as conics, complicates and aggravates the machine, and this in turn affects the maneuverability of the machine and the environment.

The technical result of the proposed method and machine for forming bundles is to reduce the design complexity of the machine and its weight, improving runnability of the machine and improve the environment.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that in the proposed method of forming bundles machine for forming bundles equipped with a crane, equipped at its free end a gripping-cutting device, and a winch with a pulling rope, comes to the area where the designated trees to be felled, set among the trees designated for cutting, the free end of the rope is laid on the ground so that it is convenient to stack the rope butt cut trees, trees which I connected to arm cut off and placed the butt on the rope, after cutting all the available trees resulting bundle is strapped (cockerels) a rope with a hook on the end and the machine goes to the next Parking lot, unwinding the rope from the winch drum, after installation of the machine at the new location previously prepared tutu winch pulls up to the car, recoganised and newly cut trees butt to fit tight to the car pack, if there is insufficient volume of the batch received the cycle can be repeated or a new place will form a new stack.

In a machine for forming bundles of the proposed method, including self-propelled chassis on which is mounted process equipment containing manipulator is equipped at its free end a gripping-cutting device, and a device for forming a stack apparatus for forming packs contains fixed on the frame of the self-propelled chassis winch with load-carrying rope and hook on the free end of the rope and the winch drive is made from one of the shafts of the gear mechanism of movement of self-propelled chassis, which is provided with a device for disconnecting the drive sprocket during operation of the winch, such as a clutch.

The proposed method for the formation of bundles and machine for forming bundles that will not overload the machine formed by the bundle, improves its possible to pass the TB, there are no limits on the amount of the formed packs, there's no raznochintsy during unloading of the first bundle.

In the patent and scientific and technical literature such methods of forming bundles and construction machine for forming bundles of such a method is not found.

Figure 1 shows a method of forming bundles, a top view, the formation of the initial part of the unit; figure 2 is the same, the machine is moved to another Parking lot, cargo rope is stretched, the initial part of the pack stayed the same; figure 3 is the same, the initial part of the stack winch pulled to the car and it fit trees with the new Parking machines, the dashed line shows the initial part of the pack, solid lines - newly installed trees.

According to the proposed method, the formation of bundles of trees carried out by the following method.

Machine 1 for forming packs, such as Feller-Bunchers machine manipulator type, enters the cutting area, where the allotted trees for felling, stopped at the trees that are subject to cutting, carrying the rope 7 winch 6 is laid on the ground, as shown in figure 1, and cuts available trees and puts their butt on the rope 7 (figure 1). Cut all the trees that are available with this lot, the portion of the stack 17 cockerels, the machine 1 moves to the next Parking area, R is sativa carrying the rope 7 and leaving cut trees on the site (figure 2). Then turns on the winch 6 on the winding load of the rope 7 and the part of the stack 17 from the previous camp podtrunivaya to machine 1 (Fig 3) and cut trees from this Parking are placed on podstrelennoy part of the stack 17. Depending on the volume of packs, the latter can be left at the second Parking machine 1, and the following Parking machine 1 start forming the next pack as described above or a bundle with the second Parking machine 1 podtrunivaya to the next Parking lot described above and on this Parking formirovaniya.

The proposed method for the formation of bundles allows the machine to form a stack of the desired volume, formed a pack that will not overload the machine, increases the efficiency of skidding, skidding machine skidding makes a shorter path, improves the environment.

Figure 4 shows a machine for forming bundles, top view (rotary platform with the equipment and running gear of the machine conventionally not shown); figure 5 is the same, the scheme of the mechanism of movement of the machine.

Machine for forming bundles of the proposed method includes a self-propelled chassis 1, a frame 2 which has a turntable with operator cabin, equipment, motor (not shown) and the mechanisms of movement 3, the output shaft 4 which has a wheel is veslocki 5 running system (not shown). On the frame 2 between the mechanisms of movement 3 installed winch 6 from the load-carrying rope 7, the end of which is secured the hook 8. Winch 6 through the device 9, for example cardan transmission or elastic coupling and the gear 10, is connected with the shafts 11 or 12 of the mechanism of movement 3. In this case, the driven gear 13 of the shaft 11 or the ring gear 14 of the shaft 12 with its shaft hard links are not, but are supplied with the clutch 15 for hard links, for example, the gear 14 with the shaft 12. The movement mechanism 3 is equipped with a drive 16, such as a motor.

Machine for forming bundles is as follows.

Machine for forming packs of 1, such as Feller-Bunchers machine manipulator type, enters the cutting area, where the allotted trees for felling, stopped at the trees that are subject to cutting, carrying the rope 7 winch 6 is laid on the ground, as shown in figure 1, cuts the available trees in the Parking lot and puts them on the carrying rope 7 (see figure 1). Cut all the trees that are available with this lot, the portion of the stack 17 cockerels using the hook 8 (see figure 2), the machine 1 moves to the next Parking lot, unwinding of the carrying rope 7 and leaving part of the stack 17 at the first Parking lot (figure 2). After installation of the machine 1 on the new Parking lot turns on the winch 6 on the winding load of the rope 7 and the part of packs with 17 before the time dedicated Parking podtrunivaya to machine 1 (Fig 3) and cutting trees with this Parking are placed on podstrelennoy part of the stack 17. Forming a stack 17 above described manner until the required volume for skidding, the end of the load-bearing rope 7 with the hook 8 is removed from the stack 17 by winding it on the drum 6. The following bundle is formed in the same way. When the drive of the winch 6 is made from a movement mechanism 3 for winding the load-carrying rope 7, the clutch 15 is moved on the shaft 12 of the gear 14 and turns on the hydraulic motor 16 and torque from it is transmitted to the shaft 12 and the winch 6. In this case, the gear 14 rotates freely on the shaft 12 and the torque is not transmitted to the output shaft 4 and the drive sprocket 5. For movement of the machine 1, the clutch 15, moving the operator in the side gear 14, creates a tight coupling gear 14 with the shaft 12 and the torque is transmitted to the output shaft 4 and the drive sprocket 5. This winch 6 is disconnected by the clutch gear 10 or coupling between the gear 10 with the winch drum 6, as foreseen by the design of all domestic skidding winches.

This design of a machine for forming packages allows you to create a bundle for transportation of any size, if this car does not weigh potrawami bundle, which increases the efficiency of the machine and skidder and improves the environment.

1. The method of forming bundles, consisting in loading one of the ends of the cut trees is s in apparatus for forming packs and transportation tutu machine to the next stopover, characterized in that the formation of cut trees per bundle carry out on earth, and paddlelike dragged them to the next Parking machines - apparatus for forming packs, and at the first Parking machines cut the trees are placed butt to put on the ground the rope winch device for forming a stack received a packet coconut rope winch using a hook on its end and leave at the first Parking place, and the rope is unwound from the winch drum when moving the machine to the next Parking lot, after installation of the machine in the Parking lot of a pack with the first Parking dragged podtrunivayut rope winch to the second Parking lot, riccocanoelt and complement to packs required amount laid on her trees, cut at the second Parking lot.

2. Machine for forming bundles comprising a self-propelled chassis, installed process equipment containing manipulator is equipped at its free end a gripping-cutting device and apparatus for forming packages, characterized in that the device for forming packs contains fixed on the frame of the self-propelled chassis winch with load-carrying rope and hook on the free end of the rope and the winch drive is made from one of the shafts of the gear mechanism of movement of self-propelled chassis.

3. Machine P2, characterized in that the mechanism of movement of self-propelled chassis provided with a device for disconnecting the drive sprocket during operation of the winch, for example, coupling.



 

Same patents:

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FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: wood combine consists of a base and rotating platforms, telescope boom with harvesting head, storage container with saw mechanism. The telescope boom equipped with restrain and shear mechanism is mounted in the base platform. The rotating platform is made in the form of inner and outer platform coaxially fixed in the horizontal plane. The manipulating units are fixed diametrically on the inner rotating platform, and telescope boom with harvesting head - on the outer rotating platform. The saw mechanism is removable and fixed with possibility being replaced along the storage container.

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2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture.

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4 cl, 3 dwg

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EFFECT: reduced wood losses and waste, improved quality of sawn timber, increased versatility of wood logging procedure, reduced consumption of power and time for wood processing and reclamation by combining a number of procedures and using small-sized maneuverable technique.

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2 cl, 3 dwg

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3 cl, 5 dwg

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1 dwg

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The invention relates to harvesting and can be used for processing standing trees for logs and sawn timber

FIELD: woodworking industry.

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3 cl, 4 dwg

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5 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: agriculture; forestry.

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2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: process for utilization of forest residues immediately at production sites in commercial wood harvesting.

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EFFECT: provision for complete forest residue processing cycle allowing wide range of useful products to be manufactured for various branches of industry, full clearing of cuttings from forest residues, and preparing of soil for forest restoration.

Forestry method // 2317701

FIELD: forestry.

SUBSTANCE: method involves successively performing cutting, felling, tree bunching operations in cutting area during advancement of machines along swath skidding roads, and planting forest crops; working out cutting area by successively performing the following steps of process circuit using cutting-delimbing-bucking-bunching machine moving along skidding road: successively cutting trees within skidding road width; moving each tree by distance sufficient for horizontal placement of tree in spacing without disturbing trees kept in rows and spacing and, while pulling cut tree with its head, delimbing it in skidding road; bucking successively delimbed trunk part into lengths and laying-bunching lengths near skidding road in spacing; after cutting of all trees for one pass of machine in skidding road, collecting and transporting lengths by means of forwarder to wood loading point to thereby set free spaces for processing of other trees cut in swath strips and bunching of lengths; at subsequent working stroke of machine, successively cutting and shortening cut trees at one side of skidding road wherein maximum access to trees in rows is provided, with direction of skidding road relative to direction of row being taken into account; after collecting and transporting by means of forwarder of stocked lengths to wood loading point, performing third working stroke of machine along skidding road in direction opposite to previous stroke, wherein maximum access to trees from other side of skidding road is provided without necessity for wide turnings of machine tools; providing procedures similar to previous circuit and terminating process by carrying stocked lengths to wood loading point; upon termination of cutting procedures at forest generation alternation stage, creating forest crops on the basis of line-row process by arranging forest crop rows along-parallel to skidding roads through cleaning of strips, tilling of soil and planting of seedlings, each of skidding roads being used as spacing; newly providing skidding roads intersecting forest crop rows at an angle thereto, and closing forest growing cycle.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in realization of various forest growing procedures.

6 ex

FIELD: log processing and conversion.

SUBSTANCE: method involves clamping tree; cutting-off lateral branches and crown; performing barking and horizontal cutting of standing trees, with cutting procedure being performed simultaneously with barking and grinding procedures by drawing through grinding device beginning from tree butt-end and upward; bunching mixture resulted from grinding procedure; notching barked tree in butt-end zone at four sides so as to form base of square section corresponding in size to bar product section; removing notched segments from four sides of tree by performing vertical motion of saws; thereafter separating resultant bar from butt-end; dividing into cuts of predetermined length parameters and individually bunching resulted logs according to designation and sizes. Before or after manufacturing of logs, extracting stumps and grinding or removing from tree growing zone. Method allows ecological situation in wood processing zone to be improved by converting part of waste wood into saw wood and construction or fuel materials, and felled forest to be recovered.

EFFECT: reduced wood losses and waste, improved quality of sawn timber, increased versatility of wood logging procedure, reduced consumption of power and time for wood processing and reclamation by combining a number of procedures and using small-sized maneuverable technique.

2 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: logging industry, in particular, processes for executing of cutting area work.

SUBSTANCE: method involves hauling incompletely bucked tree lengths by means of knuckle boom of forwarder, with axial alignment of buckle boom and axis of incompletely bucked tree length during hauling process being provided by displacing buckle boom base lengthwise of loading platform of forwarder.

EFFECT: simplified accessibility of harvested wood under canopy layer during executing of partial cuttings, and improved retention of young growth.

6 dwg

FIELD: lumbering industry, in particular, processes for amelioration of forest fund areas.

SUBSTANCE: method for amelioration of forest fund areas in compartment involves performing forestry-based, forestry cultivation, forestry amelioration practices; reconstructing young growth; providing swath and main logways; dividing compartment in diagonal lines into zones of fixation of united sub-compartments to compartment lines; laying swath logways perpendicular to compartment lines; forming main logways in the form of ellipses whose larger and smaller axes correspond in sizes to larger and smaller sides of compartment and with centers in compartment corners.

EFFECT: reduced damage to natural environment during logging of tree or tree length bundles, reduced labor intensity for wood logging from forest fund area.

1 dwg

FIELD: logging industry, in particular, processes for felling of forest stock.

SUBSTANCE: method involves felling forest stock on timber compartment restricted by compartment lines; providing main skid roads perpendicular to one another with intersection point at the center of compartment, with plots formed upon dividing of compartment by main skid roads into parts being rectangular. Joint sub-compartment attraction zones adjoining to main skid roads are formed as rectangular triangle defined by main skid roads and process corridor laid in parallel with straight line connecting leading points of main skid roads. Attraction zones adjoining to compartment lines are shaped as quadrangle defined by compartment line, main skid ride plot adjoining to said compartment line, process corridor and diagonal line of compartment. Swath roads of attraction zones adjoining to main skid roads are laid in parallel with process corridor, and swath roads of attraction zones adjoining to compartment boundary are laid perpendicular to nearby compartment lines.

EFFECT: reduced average distance for logging from compartment and, consequently, reduced labor costs associated with timber logging.

1 dwg

FIELD: forestry, in particular, execution of cutting works.

SUBSTANCE: method involves dividing cuttings into swaths with logways; felling trees on swaths using front-type felling-bunching machine and bunching trees onto workbench; laying out rounded plots at both sides of each swath logway, said rounded plots beginning on swath logway having radius equal to width of strip processed on felling-bunching machine, and center of each rounded plot being arranged in end point of rounded plot of adjacent swath logway which is curved with the same radius and center in end point of said rounded plot; felling workbench with apex oriented in direction opposite to tree logging direction, at an angle to swath logway; felling trees felled by felling-bunching machine during operation on rounded plots of swath logway so that tree apexes are laid onto logway and their butt parts are laid onto workbench.

EFFECT: increased width of swaths and reduced adverse effect of logging machines upon soil mantle.

2 dwg

FIELD: forestry, in particular, keeping of plants with closed root system during cold periods of year, for example, plants grown in containers or seedlings.

SUBSTANCE: method involves placing containers 5 with plants 4 at place 1 above heating main 2; providing covering 4 above containers 5; filling space between covering wall 3 and containers 5 with bulk material 6 with increased moisture capacity (for example, peat or compost); moistening material 6 and mellowing top layer 7 of said material. During heating season, part of heat is transferred from heating main 2 to ground surface. Moistened peat layer 6 has increased moisture capacity to provide for effective heating of containers 5. Mellowed layer 7 eliminates moisture and heat transfer from layer 6. Moisture stock in layer 6 provides optimal soil moisture in containers to be maintained. When necessary, layer 6 is periodically moistened and layer 7 is mellowed. Covering 3 and layers 6 and 7 of peat reduce heat losses from heating main 2 during the entire heating season. Upon completion of cold period, containers 5 with plants 4 are moved to territory to be landscaped.

EFFECT: reliable storage of plants, reduced costs for earth excavation works and heating of storage, provision for keeping soil moisture capacity in containers within optimal range, and reduced heat losses at heating mains.

2 dwg

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