Method of diagnosing anthracyclonic cardiomyopathy in experiment
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to experimental medicine. Bioimpedancemetry (BIM) is carried out three times in the region of the apex of the heart at different points on an area of 5 mm2. The average value (Z avg.), and if the Z avg. is more than 220 Ohm, it speaks of the presence of anthracyclonic cardiomyopathy. The method is simple and makes it possible to reliably diagnose anthracyclonic cardiomyopathy in an experiment.
EFFECT: developing of a simple, objective method for diagnosing anthracyclonic cardiomyopathy in an experiment.
2 tbl, 1 ex
The invention relates to medicine and can be used in experimental medicine for the detection of anthracycline cardiomyopathy in the experiment.
A known method for the diagnosis of cardiomyopathy in the experiment in which the animal decapitat, performed histological examination of the myocardium. The material is fixed with a 10% solution of neutral formalin, pour in the wax, prepare ultra-thin sections and stained with hematoxylin and eosin. Under the microscope see the signs of cardiomyopathy, such as the presence of disintegration of muscle fibers, sliminate myocytes along the muscle fibers, hyperchromeity nuclei, lipid infiltration of individual cardiomyocytes, a honeycomb structure of the myocardium (Lushnikova EL, Konnikova MG, Young OP, Nepomnyashchikh L.M. Morphological manifestations of cardiac remodeling in dilated cardiomyopathy antratziklinova Genesis. // Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine.- 2004 - volume 138. No. 12, p. 686).
The method is time-consuming, and assessment of cardiomyopathy is subjective.
Object of the invention is objectifying method for the diagnosis of anthracycline cardiomyopathy in the experiment to further study the cardioprotective properties of pharmacological drugs or substances.
The essence of the proposed method is that p is avodat bioimpedance (BIM) of the myocardium at the apex of the heart three times with subsequent calculation of the average value (Zcp.), and if Zcp. 220 Ohm, indicate the presence of anthracycline cardiomyopathy.
Experimentally 10 animals we have determined that the normal value of the impedance of the myocardium of rats is in the range from 175 to 220 Ohms.
Example. Rat weighing 200 g was modeled anthracyclinone cardiomyopathy, which once intraperitoneally injected doxorubicin hydrochloride at a dose of 10 mg/kg
On day 7 after injection of doxorubicin hydrochloride under ether anesthesia produced thoracotomy. Using needle electrodes were BIM (current frequency of 10 kHz, the voltage of 1.02 V) of the myocardium at the apex on the beating heart, which was introduced electrodes of inert metal in the tissue to a depth of 1 mm, the Impedance measured sequentially at different points (Z1, Z2, Z3square 5 mm2. Then calculate the average value (Zcp.).
In the measurement of Z1=230 Ω, Z2=253,25 Ω, Z3=259,49 Ohms, then Zcp.=247,58 Ohms, more than the 220 Ohm, consequently, we can speak about the presence of anthracycline cardiomyopathy.
Next, the animal was decapotable, myocardium were taken for histological examination. By microscopy revealed the presence of signs of cardiomyopathy: evidence of disintegration of muscle fibers, sliminate myocytes along the muscle fibers, hyperchromeity nuclei, lipid infiltration of individual cardiomyocytes, aceito the structure of the myocardium, that confirmed the BIM.
Conducted experimental simulation of anthracycline cardiomyopathy in 10 experimental animals (rats Wistar rats weighing 180-200 g) by the method described above. All animals produced BIM attack, data are tabulated (table 1).
In all rats the values of the impedance of the myocardium of the apex of the heart were more than 220 Ohms, and histological examination revealed signs of anthracycline cardiomyopathy. The average impedance value in animals with anthracycline cardiomyopathy and intact animals, respectively, were equal to 259,5±6.9 Ohms and 198,19±4,16 Ω (p<0,001) (table 2).
Thus, the proposed method for the diagnosis of anthracycline cardiomyopathy in the experiment is simple, objective, reliable, can be widely used in experimental medicine to study the cardioprotective properties of pharmacological drugs or substances.
|Method for the diagnosis of anthracycline cardiomyopathy in experiment|
|Room dimensions||The impedance in the group of intact animals Zcp. (Ohms) (n=10)||The impedance in the stomach who's with anthracycline cardiomyopathy Zav. (Ohms) (n=10)|
|The group of intact animals (M±m) (n=10)||The group of animals with anthracycline cardiomyopathy (M±m) (n=10)|
|The average value of the impedance is (Ohms)||198,19±4,16||259,5±6,9|
Method for the diagnosis of anthracycline cardiomyopathy in the experiment, characterized in that conduct bioimpedance (BIM) attack three times in the apex of the heart at different points on the square 5 mm2calculate the average (Zcp.), and if Zcp. more than 220 Ohms, then indicate the presence of anthracycline cardiomyopathy.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to medicine, namely to experimental surgery and concerns prevention of post-resection hyperglycaemia after pancreatectomy in experiment. For this purpose 96 hours before pancreatectomy suspension containing twenty-four-hour culture of pancreatic island cells of newborn piglets in concentration 2×106 in 1 ml of medium is introduced into iliac region once.
EFFECT: method ensures complete insulin-independence of experimental animal after pancreatectomy due to selection of optimal number of introduced cells as well as time and place of their introduction.
SUBSTANCE: combination therapy for chronic limb ischemia is ensured by revascularisation osteomyoplasty performed on the laboratory animal with experimental limb on 7th day after modelling. It is followed with intraperitoneal introduction of L-arginine once a day assuring effective circulation management.
EFFECT: higher clinical effectiveness.
1 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention refers to experimental medicine, particularly to experimental cardiopharmacology and can be used for endothelium dysfunction correction. For this purpose dysfunction is modelled by intraperitoneal introduction of L-nitro-arginine-methyl ester dosed 25 mg/kg daily during 7 days to rats. This therapy is combined with endogastric introduction of macrolide agent Josamycin dosed 10 and 30 mg/kg singly a day.
EFFECT: method provides correction in any antioxidant profile.
1 ex, 1 tbl
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns medicine and medical equipment namely bracing of a knee joint of laboratory rabbits. The method of calculation of the individual form of an internal circle of a pressing pelot on a knee joint of laboratory rabbits consists that on the roentgenogram of a knee joint executed in a direct projection, the whirlbone is divided in lines of 12 equal to 30 degrees of angles. Construction of the form of the pressing pelot is spent on points of crossing of beams with a whirlbone circle, having receded on two millimetres from it.
EFFECT: calculation of the form of internal circle of pressing pelot on knee joint of laboratory rabbits.
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns experimental medicine, namely to experimental rheumatology and can be used for pseudorheumatism modelling. For this purpose 4 mg of an ovalbumin into 1 ml of full Freund's adjuvant (FFA) in the knee joint area are entered subcutaneously. After ovalbumin introduction in FFA, intravenously a papain in a dose of mass of a body of 8-10 mg/kg is entered. Then for 12 days from the beginning of formation of model 5 mg of an ovalbumin is entered into a cavity of a knee joint, thus enter an ovalbumin in FFA unitary.
EFFECT: reduction of quantity of stages and terms of modelling of pseudorheumatism, formation of more expressed system inflammatory reactions in an organism that allows to spend approbation of complex ways of treatment with use not only locally - but also is system operating preparations.
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns area of experimental medicine and can be applicable for modelling of treatment of full-layer defects of a cartilage of a knee joint. Walls and the bottom of the defect are modelled. An intake of a tissue fragment of a fatty body is made for the subsequent allocation and cultivation of the autolofous mesenchymal stem cells. The cultivated cells are injected paracentetic three times in a cavity of the knee joint.
EFFECT: maintenance of advance of is degenerate-dystrophic changes, regenerate formation optimisation in the field of defect.
1 ex, 4 dwg
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns experimental medicine and can be used for modelling of an immunodeficiency, characteristic for oncologic patients. For what the compelled swimming of animals in water is carried out at temperature 18°-20°C for 15-20 minutes - within 3 days daily. Then next day a single intraperitoneal injection of Cyclophosphanum of 8-10 mg is spent counting on 100 g weight of a body of an animal to 1.0 ml of a solution and research of immunologic indicators for 5-6 day after an injection.
EFFECT: provision of adequate reproduction of model by the most approached to a real situation at the expense of preliminary stress activation.
1 tbl, 4 ex
FIELD: medicine; dentistry.
SUBSTANCE: phantom includes upper and lower jaw imitations with segments with rigid basis, fundament and alveolar bones, extracted natural teeth with roots fixated in basis, artificial elastomer gum, elements for segment fixation to imitations. External side of rigid basis carries at least one slot of depth sufficient for tooth root top denudation by 2-3 mm of height and length sufficient to provide access to roots of at least two teeth. The slot is closely covered by removable element made of elastoplastic material, so that indicated root tops are embedded into the element body, and external surface of removable element mirrors internal surface of artificial gum.
EFFECT: phantom allows performing manipulations of tooth removal, mucosa incision and post-operational stitching, inflammation focus removal and all standard manipulations of orthopedic and therapeutic dentistry.
6 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: medicine; nephrology.
SUBSTANCE: acute pyelonephritis modeling involves single intraperitoneal administration of clinical Escherichia coli or Staphylococcus saprophyticus isolate in concentration of 106-109 colony-forming units per ml to laboratory rats. Isolate is obtained from urine of acute pyelonephritis patient.
EFFECT: adequate model simulation due to the use of uropathogenic strain without post-operation trauma of animal.
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns experimental medicine, particularly cardiology, and can be applied in experimental biology and medicine for correction of structural vessel wall alteration in post-perfusion period. Correction of structural alteration of main blood vessels in experiment involves intravenous meksidol introduction after rehabilitation in fractions each 20 minutes in amount of 25 mg/kg.
EFFECT: extended range of agents for correction and prevention of re-perfusion complications in main blood vessels, reduced volume of binding tissue elements in vessel walls.
2 tbl, 7 dwg
FIELD: medicine, experimental abdominal surgery.
SUBSTANCE: as experimental animals one should apply mongrel dogs of 12-17 kg body weight. Under general anesthesia one should conduct superior-median laparotomy, introduce 3.0 ml 70%-ethanol solution under pancreatic capsule and then laparotomic wound should be sutured up. Manipulation should be performed once. The method provides modeling adequate acute pancreatic inflammation at no side effects being very simple in implementation.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
FIELD: medicine; medical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method involves studying transverse longitudinal and rotation stiffness characteristics. The studies are carried out step-by-step from the first order units to complete external fixation apparatus structure. The device has frame and is provided with calibration loads, wire rope, displacement indicators, strip for fastening to loading end of bone imitator fragment, beam for fixing displacement indicators, beams having unit for modeling longitudinal and transverse loadings. The frame is manufactured as parallelepiped. The fixing panel has openings for bone imitator, for fixing external fixation apparatus and yoke connection union and is fixed in end face part of the frame. Beam for fixing displacement indicators has longitudinal slit for fixing the indicators and arranging them on lateral slots in frame base. The beams having unit for modeling rotational, longitudinal and transverse loadings are arranged on lateral frame sides on lateral slots in base.
EFFECT: high vision acuity without applying spectacle-based correction; accelerated treatment course.
2 cl, 16 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: experimental medicine.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with modeling urinary calculosis in rats due to injecting intraperitoneally 60%-glucose solution at 1 ml/100 g animal body weight twice daily for 2 mo. The method is very simple and enables to achieve lithogenesis in 25% experimental animals.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of experimental modeling.
2 dwg, 2 ex, 4 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves using Hann diode crystal with proper frequencies of pathogenic microorganisms and cells during their death period or during the stimulating factors action period being applied.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness of treatment; wider range of biophysical action types.
3 cl, 1 tbl
FIELD: medicine, experimental physiology.
SUBSTANCE: hypoxia with hypercapnia should be modeled due to creating a closed system of inhaled air circulation. Air enters lungs out of hermetically sealed reservoir and at expiration returns back. The process of recirculation is supplied with an apparatus of artificial pulmonary ventilation. The innovation suggested provides steadiness in development of hypoxia with hypercapnia excluding the development of stressor reaction. Conditions should be created to carry out any manipulations with an animal in the course of an experiment.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of modeling.
5 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: medicine, stomatology.
SUBSTANCE: the present innovation should be carried out for the purpose to study ethiology and pathogenesis of parodontitis. One should affect with emotional stress in experimental animals (mature rats) due to placing 10-11 experimental animals into the cage at area of 0.018 sq. cm/animal. Before placing into the cage one should create artificial dental plaque around the cervix of the upper and lower incisors with the help of stomatological cement for every experimental animal. In the course of modeling all experimental animals should eat paste-like food. The method enables to shorten terms for obtaining the model desired and increase its similarity with pathomorphological manifestations of human parodontitis.
EFFECT: higher efficiency of investigation.
FIELD: medical equipment.
SUBSTANCE: device has input first variable resistor, capacitor and permanent resistor. Permanent resistor is connected to arm second and third variable resistors. Second ends of variable resistors are connected with motionless contacts of polarized relay. Movable contact of relay is connected to common bus. Input of device is connected to amplifier which has output connected with control wiring of polarized relay. Second end of wiring is connected with common bus. Device is intended for electrical modeling of balanced and misbalanced conditions of acupuncture point at electropunctural action with unlike-poled signals due to liquidation mutual errors at any circuit of opposite arms of the device. Values of active resistances can be installed independently at any arm of device.
EFFECT: increased precision.
FIELD: experimental medicine.
SUBSTANCE: laboratory animals should be once injected intraperitoneally or intravenously with phenylhydrazine at the dosage of 100-150 mg/kg.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
1 cl, 4 ex, 2 tbl
FIELD: medicine, experimental biology, ecology, toxicology.
SUBSTANCE: at studying the mechanisms of heavy metals toxic action, in particular, cadmium upon renal function, it is suggested to introduce cadmium sulfate solution into stomach once daily for 2 mo at the dosage of 0.5 mg/kg, on conversion to metal, where cadmium corresponds to 0.5 mg per 1 ml solution. The present innovation enables to study the pathology in dynamics of development and elaborate and searching preparations for treating and preventing chronic toxic nephropathy.
EFFECT: higher efficiency.
1 ex, 3 tbl
SUBSTANCE: method involves exposing cell or cell group to external power source. At least two electrodes are introduced before treating the cells. One of electrodes is set on cytoplasmatic external cell membrane surface and the other one cell membrane and membrane potential value is measured. External electric voltage source is connected to the introduced electrodes oppositely in polarity with cell membrane potential difference value being not less than cell membrane potential.
EFFECT: enhanced effectiveness in building cell damage model by means of energy burst and death.