Power system based on float pump

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to float pump units in power systems based on float pumps, in which water motion is used for transportation of gas, liquid and their combinations from one place to another. Float pump comprises float having controlled volume, which is arranged with the possibility of return displacement under effect of waves, piston installed with the possibility of sliding inside piston cylinder and connected to float. Piston is arranged with the possibility of return displacement in the first direction and second direction under effect of float motion. Piston moves in the second direction for suction of working fluid medium into piston cylinder and moves in the first direction for removal of working medium from piston cylinder.

EFFECT: creation of environmentally safe, highly efficient, low cost devices for power generation.

27 cl, 30 dwg, 4 tbl

 

The use of inventions

This invention generally relates to pumping units, and more specifically, but without limitation, to float pumping units in power systems based on float pumps, which use the movement of water to move the gas, liquid and combinations thereof from one place to another.

Background of invention

There have been numerous attempts to use the phenomenon, usually called waves, and transformations of energy observed in the waves, suitable for use reliable sources of energy. The phenomenon of waves involves the transfer of energy and momentum via impulses vibrations through substances in different States; for example, in the case of electromagnetic waves through a vacuum. Theoretically, the environment itself is not moved during the passage through it of energy. The particles that make up such an environment, only moved by translational or circular (orbital) paths, through the transfer of energy from one particle to another. Waves like formed on the surface of the ocean, have moving particles that are neither longitudinal nor transverse. Rather, the movement of particles in a wave usually contain components of both longitudinal and transverse waves. Longitudinal waves usually contain particles, move the stories back and forth in the direction of energy transfer. These waves transfer energy through matter in any state. Transverse waves usually contain particles moving back and forth at right angles to the direction of energy transfer. These waves transmit energy only through solids. In the orbital wave moving particles occurs on orbital trajectories. These waves transmit energy at the interface between two fluid-fluid (liquids or gases).

Waves arising, for example, on the surface of the ocean, usually contain components of both longitudinal waves and transverse waves, since they are in the ocean wave exercise move along closed trajectories at the boundary surface between the atmosphere and ocean. Waves usually have some easily definable characteristics. Such characteristics include: top, which is the highest point of a wave; the depression, which is the lowest point of a wave; height which is a distance in the vertical direction between the top and bottom; wavelength, which represents the distance in the horizontal direction between the top and bottom; the period, which represents the transit time of a single wavelength; frequency representing the number of waves that pass a certain fixed point per unit of lying is neither, as well as the amplitude, which is half the height and directly connected with the energy of the waves.

Many attempts have been made practical use of the energy generated wave phenomena, leading its history since the beginning of the last century, such as the device described in U.S. patent No. 597,833 issued on January 25, 1898 These attempts included the construction of a seawall walls to capture energy generated in the wave; the use of devices that have rails and rails, as well as containing complex mechanisms of energy conversion, resulting in a wave; the development of pumps are made use of only for shallow-water waves; the construction of the towers and similar structures in places near the coast, where there are low tides and tidal waves. Efforts were also other attempts, which are not described in detail here.

Each of these systems has numerous disadvantages. For example, individual devices intended for use in sea water, respectively, are exposed to severe environmental conditions. Such devices contain numerous mechanical parts that require constant maintenance and replacement, thus making these devices is barely acceptable. The use of each the x devices are limited to only the coastal area of the sea or shallow water, which restricts the placement of these systems, thus making these devices is barely acceptable. Finally, other devices are unable to use the full energy available in wave, i.e. they suffer losses in its selection, which leads to a low efficiency of the device.

The depletion of traditional energy sources such as oil, leads to the need for alternative high-efficiency energy sources. The greenhouse effect, the cause of which are such phenomena as global warming and the like, also contributes to the needs in an environmentally safe devices for energy generation. The depletion of readily available known sources of fuel leads to an increase in the cost of energy that is felt on a global scale. This in turn contributes to the need to create environmentally friendly, highly efficient, low-cost devices for energy generation.

The need for readily available and low-cost energy sources also acutely felt throughout the world. In places like China, for example, rivers are blocked by dams to create powerful sources to provide energy to a rapidly growing population. The implementation of such projects may be twenty or more of the em until their end. For obtaining the energy generated by such a dam, don't even begin until the completion of such a project. Thus, this is another reason for the need for the device to generate energy, which provides power immediately when construction and has a short duration of construction.

Summary of the invention

The above problems and needs are resolved using a system containing float pumping units driven by waves or currents in accordance with this invention. These float pump blocks contain the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment. The float is located inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in the second direction as the lowering of the fluid in the float chamber.

The piston cylinder is connected to the float body and has at least one valve located in and operating as a suction device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as the discharge device during the movement of the float in the first direction. The piston is placed slidable within the piston cylin the RA and attached to the float. He placed can be moved in first and second directions. When the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substance through at least one valve.

If these float pumping units are designed for pumping liquids, they are connected with known reservoirs. This accumulated fluid is subsequently used to drive a hydraulic turbine for the generation of electric energy. If the pumped medium is a gas, the float pump units are connected with a known gas drives. This accumulated gas is subsequently used to drive a gas turbine to produce electrical energy.

One of the design options for the implementation of the process of generating electricity includes a method and a device for converting motion of the waves into mechanical energy. Fluid substance is moved under the influence of mechanical energy in the tank. This fluid substance flows out of the tank. At least part of the kinetic energy of this fluid substance is converted into electrical energy. This tech is Chim substance can be liquid or gas.

When designing a float pump units designed for placement in a body of water, can be used in the method and the device with the float of the pumping unit. This system can include a computing system that contains a processor, configured to work with the software. This software receives input parameters containing statistical data of the area of this water space, and calculates at least one size float float device pumping unit as a function of these input parameters. This size(s) of the float device is chosen in such a way as to ensure the possibility of creating a float device of the pressure of the lifting fluid moving this float pump module.

Another variant implementation sootvetstvii with the essence of the present invention includes a method and apparatus for generating electricity from wave energy of water using a turbine. This device contains a float pump units installed in the water space at a certain distance so that (i) provide essentially the restoration of the waveform after passing through the at least one first float pumping unit, and (ii) to bring in de is due to at least one second float pump block. These float pump units are designed to move flowing substance to drive a turbine.

A brief description of the accompanying drawings

A more complete understanding of the method and device according to this invention can be achieved by studying the subsequent detailed description, in which the respective item numbers indicate corresponding elements made in accordance with the attached drawings, on which:

Figure 1 is a side view in a disassembled state float pumping unit according to the first variant of implementation in accordance with this invention for use in the energy system on the basis of float pumps;

Figa is a top view of the float of the pumping unit shown in figure 1;

FIGU is a cross-section of the device shown in Figa made along the line 2B-2B;

Figs is a side view of the assembled state of the float pumping unit shown in figure 1;

Figa-3C are top, side and isometric views of an example of a float in accordance with this invention;

Fig.3D is a partial section view of an example of a float having a telescopically sliding part;

Five-3F are views from above of the example (the dummy base for one of the examples of the float in Sienna state and expanded state, respectively;

Figa-4C are views of a side view of the float of the pumping unit shown in figure 1, during the passage of waves through this float pump block;

Fig.4D is a schematic illustration of a typical wave;

Figure 5 is a side view of an alternative implementation of the proposed float of pumping unit designed for use in the energy system on the basis of float pumps in accordance with this invention;

6 is a side view of another variant of implementation of the proposed float of pumping unit designed for use in the energy system on the basis of float pumps in accordance with this invention;

Fig.7 is a side view of another variant of implementation of the proposed float of pumping unit designed for use in the energy system on the basis of float pumps in accordance with this invention;

Fig is a side view of another variant implementation of the proposed pump from wave energy, another alternative implementation of the float pumping unit designed for use in the energy system on the basis of float pumps in accordance with this invention;and

Fig.9 is a side view of another variant of implementation of the proposed float of pumping unit designed for use in the energy system on the basis of float pumps in accordance with this invention;

Figure 10 is a side view of another variant of implementation of the proposed float of pumping unit designed for use in the energy system on the basis of float pumps in accordance with this invention;

11 is a side view of the float of the pumping unit associated with the illustrative device for the cultivation of aquaculture and intended for use in the energy system on the basis of float pumps in accordance with this invention;

Figa is an illustration of the ring of the float chamber, which can be used as a structural element of another variant implementation of the float pumping unit;

FIGU is a top view in perspective, made in the direction of the cross section of the float chamber, shown in figure 1, where the ring of the float chamber, shown in Figa;

Figs represents another variant of implementation of the rings float chamber, shown in Figa and made in the form of cover then the Neva camera;

Fig is a diagram of a device to dynamically determine and/or regulate the size of the float on the basis of data on waves, which shows a schematic representation of the proposed float on the monitor of a computer system;

Fig is a type predlozenoj energy system on the basis of float pump that uses water tower, in accordance with this invention;

Fig is a type of energy system on the basis of float pumps in an alternative embodiment, in accordance with this invention;

Fig is a view of another energy system on the basis of float pumps in an alternative embodiment;

Figa represents the image field of the pump 1700, which contains a float pump blocks made with the possibility to move the fluid substance in the reservoir under the influence of waves on the ocean; and

Figv is an enlarged layout view of the float of the pumping units, including a separate pump float blocks.

A detailed description of the accompanying drawings

To solve the above problems, provides a float pump unit for converting the potential energy contained in the natural move very pain the volume of water, in the view of the ocean, lakes, rivers, but not limited by them, and representing the swell and waves into mechanical energy with relatively high efficiency. This float pumping unit configured to pump as gas or liquid, and combinations thereof. As is customary in summary, the fluid substance is determined as a liquid and as a gas, thus including both the air and water.

The pumped gas or liquid as a source of mechanical energy may be used in turbines of power plants, pneumatic tool, air handling units or any other mechanical devices that use this type of energy. Such a source of mechanical energy may also be used for the generation of electric power using a similar mechanical devices conversion.

Figure 1-2C shows the float, the pump unit 100 in various kinds according to the first variant implementation of the invention. This float pump unit 100 comprises a base 102, the float cylinder 104, which is connected on the one hand with the base 102, and on the other hand closed the lid 106 of the float cylinder and piston cylinder 108, which is connected on one side with the lid 106 of the float cylinder and positioned essentially coaxially with the float C is lindrum 104. On the other hand, the piston cylinder 108 is closed by a cover 110 of the piston cylinder. Float cylinder 104 is closed on one side by the upper surface of the base 102, and on the other side of the lid 106 of the float cylinder with the formation of the float chamber 112 inside.

The float 114 essentially cylindrical posted by slidable within the float chamber 112 and can move in the axial direction inside. The stem 116 of the piston connected with the upper end of the float 114 is essentially coaxial with him and goes through the hole 118 in the cover 106 of the float cylinder. The piston 120 is essentially cylindrical posted by slidable within the piston 108 of the cylinder and is connected at the bottom with the other end of the rod 116 of the piston can be moved essentially in the axial direction inside. The piston cylinder 108 is closed from one side of the upper surface of the piston 120, and on the other side of the cover 110 of the piston cylinder with the formation of the piston chamber 122 within.

The inlet valve 124 and the exhaust valve 126 is located inside the cover 110 of the piston cylinder and are in hydraulic communication with the piston chamber 122, allowing the passage of gas or liquid. The inlet line 128 and the exhaust line 130 is attached to the inlet valve 124 and the exhaust valve 126, respectively, and in the possibility to skip respectively inside and outside gas or liquid with other parties.

The base 102 may contain a ballast to hold the float pumping unit 100 is stationary relative to the installation location. The base 102 may also include a reservoir for the accumulation of gas or liquid pumped inside, which is connected to the exhaust line 130 to pass into air or fluid from the piston chamber 122. If the base 102 should be used as the drive, the output 132 can be connected to it to ensure that the flow of gas or liquid to the desired location from the base 102. You must take into account the fact that the location of the output 132 from the base in the base 102 may be placed at an arbitrary location of the base 102.

Float cylinder 104, which may also be a float body may be attached to the upper surface of the base 102 circuits 134, which in turn is attached to the float cylinder 104. Thus, the circuit 134 provides stability buoyancy cylinder 104 to the base 102. Of course, that the connection of the float cylinder 104 from the base 102 can be used ropes or other means of connection, and this invention is not limited to circuits 134, performing the function of these means of connection.

Float cylinder 104 may also be set uniformly dissolved, and is routed on the perimeter of the hole to ensure the passage of fluid flow, such as water, through the buoyancy cylinder 104 surrounding the buoyancy block 114. To reduce the turbulence of the waves, related to this thread, many of the compensating holes 131 may be provided on the float cylinder 104. Thus, the buoyancy cylinder 104 may include a cage or similar structure to reduce friction associated with the gas flowing through the float cylinder 104.

Float cylinder 104 has the specified length. The length of the buoyancy cylinder 104 depends on the movement of the float 114 in various liquid media. For example, when the float pump unit 100 is placed in ocean conditions, the length of the buoyancy cylinder 104 must be controlled to ensure operation of the float pumping unit 100 in terms of the annual change of the tides and wave heights. When the float pump unit 100 is, for example, in the conditions of the lake, the length of the buoyancy cylinder 104 does not require adjustment of the operating characteristics of the wave height.

In another example, in water having a depth of 10 feet (3,048 m), float cylinder should be at least 10 feet (3,048 m) and have an additional 7 feet (2,134 m) working height in addition to these 10 feet (3,048 m) to provide movement of the float within the float chamber. Accordingly, this float cylinder must be high is that 17 feet and 7 feet (2,134 m) of usable stroke. However, if water has changes in tidal characteristics, the sample undergoes certain changes.

In the modified example, when the float pumping unit, placed in a water depth of 10 feet (3,048 m), changes in water level 2 feet (0,6096 m) result in the loss of 2 feet (0,6096 m) of usable stroke. To accommodate this change, the difference between the lower and upper levels of the annual cycle is added to the length of the float cylinder, which should be used. I.e. in conditions where the maximum wave height is 7 feet (2,134 m), low water 10 feet (3,048 m)and the water level 14 feet (4,267 m), the difference between low tide and high tide will be 4 feet (1,219 m). This value is added to the length of the float cylinder (7 feet (2,134 m) for the maximum wave height) + 10 ft (3,048 m) (for work float pumping unit in conditions of low tide) + 4 ft (1,219 m) (the difference between the levels of high tide and low tide)to the full length of the float cylinder 21 ft (6,401 m). This allows you to have a course of 7 feet (2,134 m) in the days of the tide with full use of the passing waves.

The cover 106 of the float cylinder is made with possibility of installation of the cylinder 108 and the hole 118 therein configured to prevent fluid through it coming from the float chamber 112, the piston Qili the others 108. The cover 106 of the float cylinder can be connected with the float cylinder 104 by means of a welded, threaded or other suitable connection is made with the possibility of resistance to external loads, and must withstand the load exerted on the piston cylinder 108 and its components. In the hole 118 of the cover 106 can be used seals to prevent the ingress of liquids or gases in the piston cylinder 108 from the float chamber 112. The cylinder 108 is configured to seal the internal cavity of the piston cylinder 108 from the environment. The piston cylinder 108 is made of a material that can withstand exposure to the environment, including water in lakes, oceans and rivers.

The float 114 located inside the float chamber 112, is essentially cylindrical and has a conical upper surface. The float 114 has such a predetermined buoyancy to move cyclically in accordance with the hydrodynamic properties of water, in which is mounted a float pump unit 100, and the hydraulic or pneumatic characteristics of the float pumping unit 100. The buoyancy of the float 114 may appropriately be adjusted depending on the properties and hydrodynamic characteristics of the water and the device. Takaragaike can be accomplished by (1) regulation manually or remotely float 114 in the axial direction or in the radial direction relative to the float chamber 112, or in both directions; and (2) the regulation of other characteristics of the float 114 that affect its behavior in water. Examples of control devices are described in more detail below.

The stem 116 of the piston is connected to the float 114 and the piston 120 by means of respective connections 136, 138. These connections 136, 138 may be movable or flexible design depending on the radial movement of the piston 120 or float 114 when the piston 120 and the float 114 is not aligned. This mobility or flexibility can be achieved by using a swivel or other suitable types of connections.

The stem 116 of the piston should be lightweight and resistant to environmental influences, i.e. the piston rod 116 of the piston performs a function in harsh environmental conditions. Also the stem 116 of the piston must ensure power transmission from the float 114 on the piston 120 and the piston 120 to the float 114. In addition, the stem 116 of the piston is made adjustable by means of a telescopic extension so that the length of the rod 116 of the piston may increase or decrease depending on the operating requirements of the float pumping unit 100. Regulation of stem 116 of the piston may be necessary when the pumped liquid is the air or the height of the waves or swell is less than desired. Such regulation which allows maximum use of the potential energy of the waves or swell.

To ensure sealing of the piston chamber 122 of the piston 120 which is slidable within the piston cylinder 108 may have a seal between them, located around the perimeter of the piston 120. The seal is configured to prevent leakage of gas or fluid from the external environment into the piston chamber 122 or from the piston chamber 122 to the external environment, whereas the piston 120 remains moving within the piston chamber 122.

The intake and exhaust valves 124, 126 are unidirectional hydraulic devices that allow the flow of gas or liquid to pass either inside or outside of the piston chamber 122, respectively. Preferably, the valves 124, 126 can be located in various places on the lid 110 of the piston cylinder to achieve the desired pressure within the piston chamber 122.

Since the movement of the float 114 in the float cylinder 104 may slow down due to friction or the ingress of foreign objects in the float cylinder 104, multiple spacers 140 may be installed on the inner surface of the buoyancy cylinder 104. These washers 140 may be located along the axis of the buoyancy cylinder 104 from its inner wall and also serve to stabilize the position of the float 114 inside the float cylinder. These washers 140 m which may be made of suitable material so the coefficient of friction between the washer 140 and the float 114 is close to zero.

To limit axial movement of the float 114 inside the float cylinder 104 can be made several stops 142 on the inner surface of the buoyancy cylinder 104 is located in its lower part. The position of the stops 142 can be adjusted to set the desired stroke length of the piston 120 within the piston cylinder 108.

Of course, the axial displacement of the float 114 in the float cylinder 104 is converted into an axial movement of the piston 120 within the piston cylinder 108 through the stem 116 of the piston. The stem 116 of the piston and connection 136 also set the position of the piston 120 relative to the float 114.

On Figa-3C shows the proposed float 300 on the top, side and isometric views, respectively. The float 300 has an axial hole 302, configured to attach to the connection 136 (Pigv), i.e. compounds with the rod 116 of the piston (Figure 1). The upper part 304 tapers radially inward from the edges of the float 300 and ends of the axial hole 302. Narrowing of the upper part 304 facilitates axial movement of the float 300, especially when the float 300 is submerged in water and moves toward the surface of the water. Although the upper part 304 is shown separately from the bottom portion 306 of the float 300, of course, that such narrowing can begin ulubay part of the float 300 and end of the axial bore 302 to facilitate axial movement of the float 300 in the water.

On Fig.3D shows a section of another offer float 350. This float 350 has an upper portion 352 and the lower portion 354. The upper portion 352 has a radially tapering portion 356 to facilitate axial movement of the float 350 in water and part 358, no narrowing, is connected with the tapering part 356. On the inner surface of the top portion 352 of the float 350 made the 360 thread.

The lower portion 354 of the float is essentially cylindrical and has many turns of thread 362 performed on the outer surface of the bottom portion 354. Thread the lower part 362 354 corresponds to the carving 360 top portion 352 and allows axial movement of the lower portion 354 relative to the upper portion 352.

Move the lower part 354 relative to the upper portion 352 is carried out using a motor 364. The motor 364 is attached to the upper surface 365 of the lower portion 354. Drive shaft 366 connects the motor 364 to this upper surface 365 and rotates the lower portion 354 in a given direction, thus enabling the telescopic extension of the float 350. Telescopic movement of the lower part 354 increases or decreases the height of the float 350, thus increasing or decreasing the buoyancy of the float 350. Of course, the diameter of the float 350 can be adjusted in a similar manner using similar methods.

On File and Fig.3F show what are the top offer adjustable base of the float 370. Adjustable base float 370 contains an outer plate 372, inner plates 374 attached to the outer plates 372, located along the axis of the motor 376 attached to the gear 378 and extending levers 380 attached to the gear 378 and external plates 372. Seal the outer contour of the base 370 float is made using plastic, thermoplastic, or other sealing material 382, such as, for example, rubber. This sealing material 382 prevents the ingress of foreign objects and materials from the environment inside the base 370 of the float.

The outer plate 372 is attached to the inner plates 374 by means of rollers 384. The rollers 384 ensure movement of the outer plates 372 relative to the inner plate 374. Guides for rollers 384 can be located on the respective surfaces of the outer and inner plates 372, 374.

The motor 376 is located on an axis on the basis of 370 float and has the appropriate power source. The motor 376 is attached to the gear 378 so that when the actuation of the motor 376 378 gear rotates in the clockwise direction or counterclockwise transaction.

The gear 378 is connected with the expansion levers 380 so that rotation of the gear 378 in the clockwise direction or about the Yves clockwise causes a corresponding increase or decrease in diameter at the base 370 of the float due to the movement of the outer plates 372 relative to the inner plates 374 by means of rollers 384.

For example, Five shows the base 370 float in Sienna position when the diameter of D1. When the motor 376 is driven thereby to rotate the gear 378 in the clockwise direction, extending levers 380 respectively rotated, thereby increasing the diameter of the base of the float 380, as shown in Fig.3F he is D2. Thermoplastic material 382 similarly expanding in line with the increase in diameter of the float. Accordingly, the base of the float 370 when using the float in the pump unit can grow or shrink in the radial direction to increase or decrease the diameter of the attached float. Of course, that despite the examples for essentially cylindrical configuration, the base 370 of the float may have other configurations depending on the design and requirements of this float pump block.

On Figa, Figv and Figs float pump unit 100 is shown in various positions as the passing wave (W) through the float chamber 112 (Fig 1). Wave (W)passing through the float, the pump unit 100, have the following geometric features:

- wave height (WH) represents the vertical distance between the top (C), or higher for visiting th the waves, and trough (T), or the lowest point of a wave;

- wavelength (WL) represents the distance between the corresponding points, such as peaks or valleys of the waves; and

- the level of the undisturbed surface (SWL) represents the level of water surface in the complete absence of waves; this is usually the middle of the wave height (WH).

On Figa shows the float 114, based in its highest vertical position on top of a (C1) waves (W). When this fluid substance out through the exhaust valve 126. When a wave (W) passes through the float chamber 112 at a distance of approximately one-half (1/2) wavelength (WLas shown Figv, float 114 is lowered to its lowest position vertically into the trough (T) of the wave (W). When this fluid substance is sucked through the inlet valve 124. On Figs wave (W) was full wavelength (WLso that the float 114 returned in the highest vertical position to the next vertex (C2), and fluid substance again exits through the exhaust valve 126.

Stroke (Ps) (not shown) float pumping unit 100 is defined as the distance, which passes the piston 120 under the action of the float 114 at the time when the wave (W) passes one wavelength (WLthrough the float chamber 112. When a wave (W) passes through popla covoy the camera 112, the float 114 is lowered by the distance (InD), is equal to the wave height from the position at the top (C1) Figa, to position on the trough (T) Figw, and then rises at the same distance

(BR) from the position on the sole (T) Figw to position at the top (With2) Figs. Consequently, the piston stroke (Ps) is equal to twice the wave height (WH):

Ps=BD+BR=2WH.

Thus, the piston 120 has a "half turn" when lowering and "half turn" when lifting, also called respectively "the progress of the sinking" and "move up".

Wave has a certain wave height WHand the period of WPwhen passing through the float, the pump unit 100. Accordingly, the float, the pump unit 100 has a stroke Ps, which is done by the piston moving over one full period of the wave WP. As can be seen from Tiga, when moving waves through the float, the pump unit 100, the float moves in direct response to a passing wave.

When the float pump unit 100 is not under pressure, the float 114 can move the maximum distance that depends on the motion of waves, ie,

Psmax=2WL. It is converted in full ply movement of the piston 120 in the piston cylinder 108, which causes the fluid substance out of the piston Cam the market through the valve.

Referring again to Figure 1, during operation, after the float, the pump unit 100 is initially placed in a body of water such as an ocean, lake, river, or other environment in which the formation of waves or swell, the initial pressure in the outlet line 130, the exhaust valve 126 and the piston chamber 122 is zero. Some wave with certain properties comes to float the pump unit 100. Water from this wave gradually fills the float chamber 112. As water fills the float chamber 112, the float 114 begins to rise with the rising water in the float chamber 112.

The buoyancy of the float 114 is selected so that a large part of the float 114 is located above the water level inside the float chamber 112, thereby providing axial movement of the float 114 inside the float chamber 112. When the tide goes out, the float 114 is lowered together with the subsidence of the water in the float chamber 112 and under the action of gravity. The piston rod 116 transmits the movement of the float 114 on the piston 120.

On the other hand the range of operation, when the float pump unit 100 starts with the maximum pressure in the outlet line 130 and the exhaust valve 130, a large portion of the float 114 is essentially immersed in the water in which the float is pumping unit 100. This leads to kumansenu stroke length of the piston 120 in the piston chamber 122.

The action of gravity moves down the float 114 and piston 120 as of the passage of this wave or swell. When lifting the waves or swell the buoyancy of the float 114 provides the force/energy of the lifting piston 120 via the shaft 116 of the piston. When the pressure on the piston 120 and the exhaust valve 126 is low, the float 114 rises in water is relatively high within the float chamber, as required lifting force of the float is only relative back pressure created in the piston chamber 122 through the exhaust valve 126.

When the pressure on the piston is high, the axial displacement of the float 114 inside the chamber buoyancy is limited, which leads to a lower landing float 114 in the water. Under certain conditions, under the influence of high pressure in the piston chamber 122 of the float 114 can be almost completely submerged, but continue to move in the axial direction inside the float chamber, pumping the liquid or gas inside the piston chamber 122. Ultimately, the pressure on the exhaust valve 126 may be so high that the buoyancy of the float 114, even when it is fully immersed, can no longer provide sufficient efforts rise to move the piston 120. In this state, the float 114 and the piston 120 stop moving, even if the wave or swell continue to move about the relative buoyancy of the pump module 100.

For example, in float pumping unit having a float height of one foot (0.3048 m), subject to a maximum pressure of this pump float unit will lose approximately one foot (0.3048 m) stroke of the pump piston inside the cylinder. In the presence of waves only in one foot (0.3048 m) this float pump unit will not perform pumping.

If this condition is not reached, the float 114 and the piston 120 will continue to move in the axial direction together with the movement of the waves or swell up until wave or swell reaches its maximum height, providing the movement of the piston 120 of the liquid or gas in the piston chamber 122 through the exhaust valve 126. This process continues until, until you reach the point of maximum compression in the piston chamber 122, but still in the presence of external flow.

When the float 114 buried or submerged, but continues to move in the axial direction, is determined by the high waterline of the float pumping unit 100. When the wave or swell passes, the lowest point of the descent of the float 114 determines the lower waterline of the float pumping unit 100. The distance between the highest and lowest water-lines defines a work useful stroke of the piston 120.

For example, when the pumped liquid is a gas inlet l is of 128, which can be adjusted to be connected to the gas source, is located at such place which is connected with the environment and takes gas from the environment containing gas, such as ambient air. The exhaust line 130 may be connected with the base 102 to store the compressed gas. Of course, the exhaust line 130 can be connected with another tool for the accumulation of gas, such as stationary storage tank located outside the float pumping unit 100.

In the example for gas when the piston 120 is lowered together with the subsidence of the wave, in the piston chamber 122 creates a vacuum, which provides the suction of gas through the inlet line 128 and the inlet valve 124 in the piston chamber 122. At the point of the trough and after the water leaves the float chamber 112, or when the float 114 is in contact with the stops 142, which inhibit further downward movements of the float 114 and piston 120, the maximum amount of gas fills the piston chamber 122.

As the wave begins to rise and the water gradually fills the float chamber 112, the float 114 is exposed to water coming into contact with it. The buoyancy of the float 114 leads to a natural lifting of the float 114 due to the increase of the water level inside the float chamber 112. Due to the immobility of the float 114 relative to the piston 120, ensure achiveve the piston rod 116, the piston 120 is raised in direct response to the rise of the float 114.

The gas in the piston chamber 122 is compressed within the piston chamber 122 as the float 114 rises, until, until the pressure of the compressed gas will not overcome the pressure in the line to the outlet line 130. At this point, the gas passes through the exhaust valve 126 and the exhaust line 130, and is then routed to the desired location for use or accumulation. For example, the base 102 in the example described above, or other place of accumulation can be used for accumulation of compressed gas. It is also possible and the gas dispersion in the atmosphere if necessary.

When the wave reaches its maximum height when passing through the float, the pump unit 100 water starts to come out of the float chamber 112. The force of gravity moves the float 114 down together with the wave that moves down the piston 120 and the creation of a vacuum in the piston chamber 122. The vacuum at this again sucks the gas in the piston chamber 122, as described above, thus repeating the process with each subsequent wave. Thereby float the pump unit 100 is driven sequentially and cyclically sucking the gas in the piston chamber 122, compressing the gas inside the piston chamber 122 and pushing the gas from the piston chamber 122 in the base 102. The piston 120 further with imeet gas, accumulating in the base 102, with each cycle until such time as the float 114 can overcome the cumulative pressure of the gas in exhaust line 130. Since then, the float 114 no longer will rise relative to the waves.

In another example, when the pumped liquid is the liquid inlet line 128 is attached to a source of fluid, such as water. The exhaust line 130 may be connected with a reservoir accumulation, which may include, but is not limited to the bottom of the lake, water tower, or other water system. When pumped incompressible fluid, such as water, the stem 116 of the piston does not need regulation, because the float, the pump unit 100 will be at once upload piston chamber 122, a fully incompressible fill fluid.

In the example for liquids lowering of the piston 120, respectively, creates a vacuum in the piston chamber 122, which draws water through the inlet line 128 and the inlet valve 124 in the piston chamber 122. At the point of the trough and when the water leaves the float chamber 112 or when the float 114 is in contact with the stops 142, which inhibit further downward movements of the float 114, the maximum amount of liquid fills the piston chamber 122.

As the wave begins to rise and the water gradually fills the float chamber 112, Poplavok exposed to water, coming into contact with it. The buoyancy of the float 114 leads to a natural lifting of the float 114 due to the increase of the water level inside the float chamber 112. Due to the stationary fixing of float 114 relative to the piston 120 is provided by a piston rod 116, the piston 120 is gradually rises in direct response to the rise of the float 114. In the case of water as the working environment of rising incompressible water inside the piston chamber 122 overcomes the pressure in the main line, the outlet line 130. At this point, the water passes through the exhaust valve 126 and the exhaust line 130, and is then routed to the desired location for use or accumulation. Possible dispersion liquid and/or gas in the atmosphere if necessary.

When the wave reaches its maximum height when passing through the float, the pump unit 100 and the subsequent care of the water begins to withdraw gradually from the float chamber 112. The force of gravity moves the float 114 down, which leads to downward movements of the piston 120 and the creation of a vacuum in the piston chamber 122. Vacuum is used to suction fluid and/or gas in the piston chamber 122. The process is repeated with each subsequent wave. Thereby float the pump unit 100 is driven sequentially and cyclically sucking the fluid and/or water in the piston chamber 122 and transferring ecost and/or water from the piston chamber 122.

Of course, that the sample liquid must be taken into account buoyancy loss due to weight of water/fluid inside the piston chamber 122. However, in the sample gas due to the comparative ease of gas compared to liquid loss is actually missing. This loss in the sample liquid can be compensated by adjusting the characteristics of the float 114.

Work the float pumping unit 100 depends on the environment in which it must operate. For example, when the float pump unit 100 is located in the ocean, for which there is some average data for the year on the waves, float pump unit 100 must be mounted on any structure at a certain position relative to the waves or installed with ballast so that the float pump block retained its position relative to the waves. Such designs could be fixed, or still be fixed, or could include having a buoyancy tank, the design of the platform type or direct attach float pump unit 100 to the bottom of the ocean. Such compounds are widely known, especially in the oil and gas industry, and are suggested for use with the new float pump module 100 in accordance with the essence of this izobreteny is.

Hydrostatic rise to the motion of the piston within the piston cylinder through the piston rod directly linked to the ability of the float to hydrostatic lift. Theoretically, for example, when the total displacement of the float 100 pounds (45,36 kg), minus the self-weight of the float (10 pounds) (4,536 kg), piston rod, connections, and other auxiliary parts (5 pounds)and the weight of the piston (2.5 lb) (1,134 kg) of the total displacement (100 pounds) (45,36 kg) still have the ability to rise 82.5 per pound (37,422 kg). Empirical testing of the float pumping unit 100 says approximately 96% according to this value.

It is assumed that the float pump unit 100 can be used to adjust to any misalignment of the relative position to the bottom of the ocean and thus maintain essentially stable position relative to the wave environment in which it operates. For example, float pump unit 100 may have ballast tanks filled out the appropriate ballast. Float pump unit 100 can pump the gas or liquid in these ballast tanks, thereby adjusting the position of the float pumping unit 100 relative to the wave environment. This configuration can be accomplished by connecting the output line 130 float pumping unit 100 with ballast the m compartment and execution management systems, designed to regulate the flow of income and output for ballast compartment on a specified condition. Can be used both gas and liquid, depending on the desired regulation of the position of the float pumping unit 100.

It is also assumed that the length and width (diameter) of the piston 120 can be adjusted to match the pumped medium or characteristics of the piston 120, the float chamber 112, and the float 114. Similarly, the piston 120 may have a telescopic regulation or similar to adjust the height or width of the piston 120 is similar to the float 300 (see Figa-3C).

For example, adjustment costs and the pressure inside the float pumping unit 100 is connected with an inner diameter and height of the piston cylinder 108. The more the piston cylinder 108 and longer stroke of the piston within the piston cylinder 108, the greater the amount of liquid or gas is passed with minimal pressure. The smaller piston cylinder 108 and the shorter the stroke of the piston within the piston cylinder 108, the more pressure is created in the liquid or gas and a small amount of liquid or gas is skipped.

It is obvious that there may be some, albeit relatively small, and the friction losses, which depend on length and other geometric parameters of the input line 128 and the output of the th line 130 and other items including the intake and exhaust valves 124, 126.

The dimensions of the float chamber 112 and the float 114 can also be adjusted for maximum efficiency float pumping unit. Such adjustment can be performed, for example, manually, by replacing the elements, or automatically, by performing the telescopic elements in the relevant parts, or remotely, through proper configuration of the control system to regulate the characteristics of the required element. Thus, the float, the pump unit 100 can be configured to work in a wave medium having variable properties, so that the float pump unit 100 can use the energy of the big waves, small waves and waves with intermediate characteristics.

To use the energy of such waves float pump unit 100 does not necessarily have to be fixed on the base 102. This float pump unit can also be, for example, is installed at the bottom of the water space and attached to the structure, installed at the bottom of the water space, attached to the rigid floating platform attached to a reflecting wall or to other elements, which provide a stable platform or its equivalent.

Dimensions float pumping unit 100 and work etopophos pumping unit 100 in relation to the amount of energy in a wave or swell can be influenced by several factors. For example, they include the annual schedule of dimensions high, low and intermediate waves; annual schedule marks the high, low and mean high tide levels; the average period of the waves or swell; the depth in place of the waves or swell; distance from shore to wave or swell; geographical characteristics of the surrounding area near the district of waves or swell; and the design of the float pumping unit 100. It is assumed that the float pump unit 100 may be used in combination with other float pumping units in the network configuration with the purpose of pumping large volumes of gas or liquid through the pump.

To determine the power generated from waves of a given height and speed were calculated wave power (potential energy) and power float configurations lowering and lifting. After that, on the basis of these data we calculated the power of the pumping piston in the pumping both water and air. These calculations are described later in accordance with an example of a configuration that was tested.

Example: the Small size of waves

1. Wave power

In particular, as shown in Figa-4D, the power wave HP) is determined for a wave (W), passing a distance equal to half wavelength (1/2 WL) as follows:

Wave HP=[(WV)(D)/(HP)](WS),

where:/p>

Wv (volume wave) = (Ww)(WD)(WH) (gallons of water/ft3)

Ww= width of the wave (1/2 WL) = 17.5 ft

WD= depth wave = 17.5 ft

WN= wave height = 5 feet

and

D = density of water (with 8.33 lb/gallon)

and

HP = horsepower (550)

and

Ws=wave speed (1/2 WL/WT)

and

WT= time of passage of the wave = 1/2 WL(7,953).

For example, the depth of the wave (WD) is equal to the width of the wave (Ww) so that the wave profile (W) will completely cover the float 114', which has a cylindrical shape. For the values given above, which represent examples, the calculation is as follows:

Wave HP=[(11,453 gallon)(with 8.33 lb/gallon)/(550)](2.2 ft/s)=382

where:

Wv=(1,531 ft3)(7,481 gallon/ft3)=11,453 gallon;

and

Ws=(17.5 ft)/(7,953)=2.2 ft/s

2. Power when lowering float

With the passage of the wave (W) through the float chamber 104 during the course of lowering (Figa and Figv) float 104 is lowered under the action of gravity into the trough (T). Power generated on the float during the course of lowering (CCD), can be determined from the following equation:

BBD=[(BBv)(D)(WR)/HP](DSS)(TRD),

where:

CCV(the amount of float) = (VB+VC)(of 7.48 Gal/ft3),

VB = volume of base 114 a=πr12h1,

VC = volume of the cone 114'b=(πh2/12)(d 12+d1d2+d22)

and

(BBv)(D) = the displacement of the float 114',

where:

D = density of water (with 8.33 lb/gallon)

and

WR = the ratio of specific gravities of the water and the material of the float 114'

HP = horsepower (550)

and

DSS= speed when lowering = D/TD,

where:

BD= travel distance during the course of descent;

TD= slew time distance BD

and

TRD= coefficient of time (i.e. the proportion of time when the float is lowered, during the period of the wave) =50% (assuming a symmetric long waves).

By continuing to use the sample data above to calculate the power wave Wave HP, get estimates for BBDas follows:

BBD=[4,186 gallon)(8,333 lb/gallon)(0,10)/550](0.25 ft/s)(0,5)=0,79 PS;

(i.e. available capacity in the process of lowering of the float),

where: BBV=(BV+VC)(of 7.48 Gal/ft =

a =p12h1+((πh2/12)(d12+d1d2+d22)(of 7.48 Gal/ft3)

and where

d1=17.5 ft; r1=8.75 ft,

d2=3.5 feet,

h1=1.5 m,

h2=2.0 m,

so

BBV=[π(8,75)2(1,5)+(π(2,0/12)(17,52)+(17,5)(3,5)+3,52)](7.48 Gal/ft3)

=(361 ft3+199 m3)(of 7.48 Gal/ft3)

=(560 ft3)(of 7.48 Gal/the ut 3)=4,186 gallon

and

DSS=(1.00 m)/(3,976)=0.25 ft/sec

and

(BBV)(D)=34,874 lb (total displacement)

and

(BBV)(D)(WS)=3,487 (usable weight).

2b. Power when lifting float

With continued passage of the wave (W) through the float chamber 104 during the lifting stroke (Figv and Figs) float 114 rises with the wave before reaching the highest point at the vertex (C2). Power generated on the float during the lifting stroke (BBL), can be determined from the following equation:

BBL=[(BBV)(D)(1-WR)/HP](LSS(TRR),

where:

LSS= speed of rise = R/TR,

InR= distance of movement during the lifting stroke = 1 foot,

TR= slew time-rangeR= 4,0

and

TRR= coefficient of time

(i.e. the proportion of time when the float rises, during the period of the wave) = 50% under the assumption of symmetric long waves.

(BBv)(D)(1-WR) = useful load for lifting stroke (UWL)=31,382 pound,

i.e.

BBL=[(31,382 lb)/550](1 ft/4,0)(0,5)=7,13 PS

2C. Total input power

Accordingly, the total amount of input power taken from the wave float (CCT), is defined as follows:

BBT=BBD+BBL.

Using the example data above, the total power input to float 114' is allocated as follows:

CCT=0,79+7,13=7,92 PS

3. The capacity of the pumping piston (CFM/PSI)

The piston pumps the water with a specified capacity, expressed in cubic feet per minute (CFM), and a specified pressure, expressed in pounds per square inch (PSI) for each half (1/2) of the stroke, when the float pump unit is made in the configuration for pumping water; it is determined according to the following formula:

PF = the Flow of water on the piston = (Sv)(SPM)(BPefr),

where:

Sv = volume at 1/2 turn = (π/2)(the radius of the piston)2(stroke length)=(π/2)(8,925 inch)2(12 inch)/(1,728 inch3/ft3)=1,74 m3

and

SPM = strokes per minute = 7,54 stroke/min

and

BPefr= obtained empirically the efficiency of the proposed float of pumping unit = 83%

so

PF=(1,74 m3)(7,54 stroke/min)(0,83)=

=10,88 ft3rpm=0,181 ft3/s

Determination of water pressure on the piston (lb/in2, PSI) for each half (1/2) turn in the float pump unit (RR) using the following equation:

PP={UWL-[(SV)(D)(7.48 gallons of water/ft3)]}/SAp

where:

UWL= useful load for lifting stroke = 31,386 lbs

SV=1,74 m3

D = density of water (with 8.33 lb/gallon)

and

SAP= area of the surface of the piston (inch2)=

=π(8,925 guy is a) 2=250 inch2.

Accordingly, for values above this value in pounds per square inch/stroke for the proposed float of pumping unit is calculated as follows:

PP=[31,386 lb-(1,74 m3)(with 8.33 lb/gallon)(of 7.48 Gal/ft3)]/250 inch2=

=(31,386 pounds to 108 pounds)/250 inch2=

=125 (lb/in2)/stroke.

When the float pump configured for pumping air, the surface area of the piston is increased to compensate for the compressibility of the air in order to achieve similar results. If the radius of the piston is increased to 12.6 inches, the surface area of the piston (SAP) increases to 498,76 inch2. Also eliminates the additional weight of the water above the piston [(SV)(D)(of 7.48 Gal/ft2)=108 pounds], and thus it is not subtracted from the useful weight during the lifting stroke (UWLwhen calculating the air pressure on the piston (RRand). All other figures remain the same, then the flow rate of the air piston (PFaand the air pressure on the piston (RRand) take the following values:

PFa=21,7 ft3/min,

PPand=51,8 (lb/in2)/stroke.

As a specialist in the art will understand the difference between using piston for pumping water and air, the other examples are focused on pumping water.

4. The useful power produced by the generator

When a proposed float pump unit is made in the configuration for pumping water and is connected with any capacity to store water for use to actuate the water turbine to calculate the power produced by the float pump module, use the following empirical formula:

BP={(RR)(BPeff)(head)-[(losses)(pressure)(length

pipe/paperseries)]}[(PF)(Teff)(HP)/HP],

where:

BPeff= empirically-derived efficiency float pump = 88%

Head = PSI conversion factor pounds per square inch in the head (ft) = 2,310

Loss = loss factor coefficient in pipe = 0,068

Pipe length/paperseries = one pipe has a length of 100 feet and 10 of pipes=1 pipe section

so

1 mile pipe = 5,280 sections of pipe,

Teff= turbine efficiency for existing water turbine = 90%,

KW = coefficient recalculation ft/s kW = 11,8,

HP = conversion coefficient kW PS = 0,746.

Accordingly, using the data described above, in combination with the previous calculations, we get the output values BP for the proposed device for receiving energy from the use of this float pumping unit as follows:

p> BP={[(125)(0,88)(2,310)]-[(0,068)(2,310)(10)(5,280)]}[(0,181)(0,9/11,8)/0,746]=0,4558 (the total output capacity in PS).

When the float pump configured for pumping air, output power (BPafor the proposed device using the values specified above, will be approximately 2,72 PS Instead of using water turbines to generate energy used for air turbine, containing, for example, the device described in U.S. patent No. 5,555,728, incorporated by reference.

5. Efficiency - the Ratio of input power (HP) output power

Accordingly, the conversion factor of the input power and output power can be determined as follows:

the conversion factor for the efficiency factor = BP/CCT=4,558/7,92=57%.

Thus, with the use of empirical and theoretical data was that for the proposed float of pumping unit in accordance with this invention, when used in combination with a water turbine, the efficiency of energy conversion is 57% for power taken from the passing wave (BBT) conversion into energy at the output of BP, which can then be used as an energy source.

Example: the Average size of waves

Visiprise the military calculation is carried out for the proposed float 114', having a fixed diameter (d1)made depending on the geometry of the float 114' and a height (h1+h2). Of course, that the wave height (WH) varies for different places and for different time during the year for each of the places. I.e. it is desirable to change the configuration or to adjust the float on the basis of the variables of waves, as described above. To ensure a high coefficient of efficiency of the height and/or diameter of the float 114' may be regulated. For example, the float 114' may be made or adjusted to increase the height of the base 104 a (h1) and the appropriate diameter for the purpose of perception waves with large wave height (WH), as described next.

Assuming that the wave height (WH) increases from 5.0 feet to 9,016 feet (medium wave), base height of the float (h1) increases by 1.5 feet (see Fig.4D), i.e. there is a "deformation" of the given float to improve the General characteristics of the float pumping unit in the water space with increased ripple on average up to 9 feet. Accordingly, the stroke length of the piston is increased, and the number of moves will be reduced as follows:

The number of moves = 5,52

The length of stroke = 42.2 inches

so

SV(volume/stroke) = 12.8 ft3.

In soldiers who research Institute, all other figures remain the same and using the above formulas, obtained table 1:

Table 1
ValueWave 5 feetWave 9,016 ft
1Wave power382 PS2 952 PS
2Power float
BBD0,79 PS2,05 PS
CCL7,13 PS31,67 PS
CCT7,92 PS33,72 PS
3The capacity of the pumping piston
PF10,88 ft3/min27,98 f the t 3/min
RR125 lb/in2185 lb/in2
4The power generator (BP)0,4558 PS20,32 PS
5Efficiency pump57%60%

Accordingly, it can be seen that increasing the height of the float pump 1.5 m leads to an increase in power during lifting and lowering of the float, as well as to increase the output power of the proposed device is to increase the overall efficiency. In General, the presence of large waves on the place provides a source of wave energy for buoyancy pumps with large floats and pistons, which have large expenses (for example, PF=27,98 ft3/min) and, consequently, high power output (for example, BP=20,32 PS) in the specified location.

As noted above, the diameter (d1) float 114' (see Fig.4D) may also be subject to perceive the big waves at this location. In the following Table 2 shows the effect of changing the diameter of the float on the output power (CCT) change when the wave speed (Ws) for the relative wave height (W Hand when you change the wave height for the relative velocity.

Table 2
Wave height (WH)The diameter of the float (inch)Power float (AME)
WS=3 mile/hour
Low wave
WS=8 mile/hour
High wave
WS=3 mile/hour
Low wave
WS=8 mile/hour
High wave
312,61260,926,9
416,8168of 2.2164,76
5212104,39126,94
625,2252to 7.67219,88
729,4294 to 12.28349,77
833,6336of 18.45522,78
9of 37.837826,39745,09
104242036,331022,9

The data in Table 2 were obtained on the basis of the characteristics of waves having a specified wave height and moving at a speed of 3 miles (4.83 km) per hour for low wave and 8 miles (12,87 km) per hour for high waves. The equation above was used to calculate power for the bass and high waves. The diameter, or width, float regulated to operate in the environment of large waves, as shown and described above, with the aim of increasing efficiency float pump for variable wave heights and velocities of the waves.

The more and faster the wave, swell, or for, the more potential energy is available to get through such a float pumping unit. Similarly, the higher the float height or diameter, the greater the potential energy to the accessible for obtain from the energy of water. The smaller and slower wave, swell or current, the smaller the potential energy available to be received from the energy of water through such a float pump. Similarly, the smaller the float, the less potential energy available for producing energy from water. To optimize the potential energy available on this float pump unit 100, the float 114 must be completely submerged and must not exceed the width or height of the bow wave or swell.

All the examples described above are shown in the assumption that certain sizes waves are present in a particular place daily at the float pumping unit designed for effective use in this place. Fortunately, data on wave heights at specific locations on each day of the year is available from several sources, including the web site address http://www.ndbc.noaa.gov., incorporated by reference. The next table (table 3) shows the data of waves on January 2001 and February 2001, received in the Bay of Grays Harbor, Washington, USA (Grays Harbor, WA).

Table 3
The average data for the year
Grays Harbor, Washington, USA (data ve is e water depth=125,99 ft)
January 2001February 2001
DayWave height (ft)Period (C)DayWave height (ft)Period (C)
18,2011,02018,0011,500
29,2011,020216,2011,500
37,1011,020316,5011,500
410,2011,02047,5011,500
59,8011,020511,8011,500
613,6011,02 66,4011,500
76,3011,02077,8011,500
87,0011,02085,5011,500
910,3011,02099,4011,500
1016,5011,020109,4011,500
119,1011,020116,9011,500
12or 10.6011,020126,6011,500
136,5011,020135,20
1412,1011,020144,10*11,500
158,8011,02015the ceiling of 5.6011,500
16and 5.3011,020165,7011,500
178,4011,020175,0011,500
18of 9.3011,020187,2011,500
1914,4011,02019the ceiling of 5.6011,500

January 2001February 2001
DayWave height (ft) Period (C)DayWave height (ft)Period (C)
209,7011,02020to 6.8011,500
2117,2011,020216,6011,500
227,1011,02022to 6.8011,500
238,4011,020236,5011,500
249,0011,02024the ceiling of 5.6011,500
259,1011,020254,90*11,500
26/td> 10,5011,020266,7011,500
279,8011,02027the ceiling of 5.6011,500
285,0011,020286,7011,500
2919,0011.020*Non-operating mode (less than 5 ft)
309,4011,020
319,6011,020
Average9,8911,020Average7,3811,500

In Table 3 the height of the waves was measured for each corresponding day of the month to get an average for each day. Were obtained the average values of p the period of the waves for the whole month and the same period of the waves used for each day this month. In January 2001, the total number of working days was 31 day operation of the proposed float of pumping unit having the minimum required operating height of 5 feet. In February 2001, as 14 and 25 wave height less than 5 feet, the number of days of operation of the proposed float of pumping unit amounted to only 26 days.

Table 4 shows the average height of waves in January and February, and then for the whole year (the rest of the data for March-December 2001 are available on the website mentioned above).

Table 4
JanuaryFebruaryFor the year
The average wave velocity11,0211,509,922
Average wave height9,897,387,467
Working days3126 -
Working days, cumulative3157236
Average working height9,897,60-
The average wave height, cumulative9,898,758,54

Average wave heights for working days in January and February were obtained 9.89 ft and 7.60 ft, respectively. Restated for the year, the working height of the wave in January and February 2001 averaged to 8.75 feet for the entire period in 57 work days. For calendar 2001, the number of days of work amounted to 236, with an average working height of waves 8,54 feet. The organization operating the float pump unit, described above, can be obtained publicly available data and identify effective restated at year wave height and working days for the given configuration of the float pumping unit.

Components float pumping unit 100 must be configured to operate in a salty environment such as the ocean. Accordingly, whom onanti float pumping unit 100 must have anti-corrosive properties and/or otherwise provided resistance against corrosion. To minimize the influence of environment the entrance 126 of the piston chamber 122, which may be subject to influences from the environment, can have a filter installed on it to filter out the unwanted components. In the presence of algae or other destructive materials such as algae, falling into the float chamber 112 or the float cylinder 104, these algae will act as a natural lubricant between the moving parts of the float pumping unit 100. For example, if the algae gets between the washer 140 and the float 114, these algae reduce the friction between the washers 140 and float 114, thus increasing the efficiency of the float pumping unit.

Figure 5 shows a side view from above of an alternative implementation of float pumping unit 500 in accordance with this invention. This float pump unit 500 includes a base 502, float cylinder 504, attached on one side to the base 502, closed on the other side of the cover 506 float cylinder and essentially coaxially with the float cylinder 504. The other end of the float cylinder 504 is open to the external environment. Float cylinder 504 and the cover 506 float cylinder together define the float chamber 508 within them.

Float 510 su is estu cylindrical posted by slidable within the float chamber 508 and can move in the axial direction. Of course, that float in the pump unit 500 in this embodiment has eliminated the need in the piston and the piston rod by combining the float shown in figure 1, with the piston shown in figure 1, one equivalent float 510.

The inlet valve 512 and the exhaust valve 514 is located inside the cover 506 float cylinder and are in hydraulic communication with the float chamber 508, providing a flow of gas or liquid. The inlet line 516 and the exhaust line 518 is attached to the intake valve 512 and outlet 514, respectively, and are made with the ability to skip respectively inside and outside the gas or liquid from all sides.

The base 502 may have a lot of legs 520, based on the bottom 522 of the water space 524. The supporting base 526 attached to the legs 520 to secure the float pumping unit 500 at the bottom 522. The base 502 is attached to the ballast compartments 528 for holding the float pumping unit 500 in a fixed position relative to the installation location.

In the axial direction over the cover 506 float cylinder is ballast cover 530, which also serves to ensure the stability of the float pump unit 500. This ballast cover 530 is configured to provide connection of valves 512, 514 and lines 516, 518 between themselves through the it. Instead of the tank discharge line 518 may be connected with a line 532 to supply gas or liquids to a desired location (not shown).

Float 510, located inside the float chamber 508 has a predetermined buoyancy, so that the float 510 is moved cyclically in accordance with the hydrodynamic properties of water, in which is mounted a float pump unit 500, as well as hydraulic or pneumatic characteristics of the float pump unit 500. The buoyancy of the float 510 can be adjusted in the manner described above. Lugs 534 are located on the inner perimeter of the bottom of the float cylinder 504 to prevent output float 510 outside of the float cylinder 504. Float 510 has a seal formed around the perimeter of the float 510 to prevent leakage between the float chamber 508 and the water environment 524.

The intake and exhaust valves 512, 514 are unidirectional hydraulic devices that allow the flow of gas or liquid to pass either inside or outside of the float chamber 508, respectively. Preferably, the valves 512, 514 can be located in different places to achieve the desired pressure of the float piston chamber 508.

During operation, as the waves pass float pumping the Lok 500, water in contact with the float 510 through the hole in the float cylinder 504, raising the float 510 cyclically in accordance with the hydrodynamic properties of water, as well as hydraulic or pneumatic float characteristics the pump unit 500. The gas or liquid in the float chamber 508 is removed or released through the exhaust valve 514 and the exhaust line 518 in line 532. When the wave passes the float pump unit 500, float 510 gradually descends under the influence of gravity, creating a vacuum inside the float chamber 508. Accordingly, the gas or liquid get inside through the inlet line 516 and the inlet valve 512 in the float chamber 508. When approaching the next wave, gas or liquid, Tenuta in the float chamber 508, again expelled through the exhaust valve 512, the exhaust line 518 and 532, respectively, the position of the float which rises with the wave.

Figure 6 shows a side view of another version of the implementation float pump unit 600. Float pump unit 600 includes a base 602, a float housing 604 attached to the base 602, the cover 606 float housing attached to the float body 604 and the base 608 of the float housing attached to the other end of the float housing 604. Below the lid 606 of the float body in the OS is the first direction is the rod 610 of the piston, connected with it, as well as several pillars 612 of the piston. On the other hand shaft 610 of the piston and bearings 612 of the piston is the piston 614. Between the piston 614 and the substrate 608 of the float body is a float 616 having a wall 618 of the float extending in the direction of the lid 606 of the float housing. Float 616, wall 618 of the float and the piston 614 is formed inside the piston chamber 620. Wall 618 of the float is made slidable between the piston 614 and the float housing 604. The base 602 has several legs 622, based on the bottom 624 water space 626. The support base 628 attached to the legs 622 and installed on the bottom 624 water space 626. The support base 628 can be filled with the appropriate ballast for holding the float pumping unit 600 in a certain position relative to the installation location of 626.

The float housing 604 includes four vertical rack 630 disposed between the cover 606 of the float body and the base 608 of the float housing and attached to them. Several stops 632 are respectively the upper and lower parts of the uprights 630 for holding the float 616 within the float housing 604 and limit its axial movement. The top of the float housing 604 is installed on the ballast cover 634, contributing to the retention float pump b is Oka 600 in a fixed position relative to the installation location in the water space 626. The base 608 of the float body are connected with a single surface with the exhaust valve 636 and the other surface with the exhaust line 638. The base 608 of the float body are provided for communication between the exhaust valve 636 and the exhaust line 638. The exhaust line 638 is telescopic in nature and passes slidable through the base 608 of the float housing so that when the float movement 616 relative to the base 608 of the float body is maintained constant communication between the exhaust valve 636 and the exhaust line 638. The rod 610 of the piston and bearing 612 piston is stationary relative to the cover 606 of the float body and the piston 614 to maintain the fixed position of the piston 614 relative to the cover 606 of the float body.

The piston 614 is attached to the intake valve 640 to provide connections inlet valve 640 with the piston chamber 620. The inlet valve 640, in turn, is attached to the inlet line 642 to ensure connection with the piston chamber 620 and necessary source of supply of the working fluid.

Float 616 and the walls of the float 618 is made slidable relative to the float housing 604 and racks 630 float housing so that the float 616 and the walls of the float 618 can move in the axial direction inside of the float body 04. The joint between the piston 614 and the float walls 618 preferably has a seal so that the piston chamber 620 may be under a fixed pressure in the process of moving in the axial direction of the float 616 relative to the piston 614, thus maintaining the pressure inside.

The intake and exhaust valves 640, 636 represent unidirectional hydraulic devices that allow the flow of gas or liquid to pass either inside or outside of the piston chamber 620, respectively. Preferably, the valves 640, 636 could be located in various places on the lid 606 piston cylinder and the base 608 of the float body, respectively, to achieve the desired pressure within the piston chamber 620.

In operation, when a wave with specified characteristics approaches and comes into contact with the float 616 and the walls of the float 618, float 616 and the walls of the float 618 is moved in the axial direction up cyclically in accordance with the hydrodynamic properties of water, in which is mounted a float pump unit 600, as well as hydraulic or pneumatic characteristics of the float pump unit 600. The buoyancy of the float 616 can be adjusted in the manner described above.

Float 616 creates pressure in the gas or liquid in p is rnevoll chamber 620 thus, the gas or liquid within the piston chamber 620 pushed out through the exhaust valve 636 and the exhaust line 638 to supply the desired position via line 644 connected to the exhaust line 638. When the wave passes the float pump unit 600, gravity moves the float 616 and wall 618 float down, thus creating a vacuum inside the piston chamber 620.

Gas or liquid is then sucked through the suction line 642 and the inlet valve 640 in the piston chamber 620 to until the float will not stop at the stops or will not reach the level of the sole of the waves. As subsequent waves cyclically reach float pump block 600, the process is repeated.

7 shows a side view of another version of the implementation float pumping unit 700. Float pumping unit 700 includes a base 702, a float housing 704, the cover 705 float housing attached to the float housing, the piston housing 706 attached to the lid 705 of the float housing, the base 708 of the float housing attached to the other end of the float housing 704, the cover 710 piston housing attached to porshneva 706 housing and ballast cover 712 which is located above the cover 710 of the piston housing and attached to it.

Float 714 is located along the axis within the float housing 704. the current 716 piston attached to the upper surface of the float 714 at one end and to the piston 718, located along the axis of the piston inside the housing 706, with the other end. Piston chamber 719 is formed between the upper surface of the piston 718, the bottom surface of the cover 710 of the piston housing and the piston housing 706.

The inlet valve 720 and the exhaust valve 722 is connected with the piston chamber 719 through the cover 710 of the piston housing. The inlet valve 720 and the exhaust valve 722 through balattou the cover 712 is attached to the inlet line 724 and outlet lines 726, respectively.

The base 702 has a set of supporting legs 728, based on the support base 730. The support base 730 is preferably mounted on the bottom 732 water 734.

The float body 704 has a lot of legs 736 float housing resting on the base 708 of the float housing and attached to it. Legs 736 float housing ensuring the passage of water mass 734 through them. A few blocks 738 float located at the top and bottom inner surfaces of the legs 736 float housing to limit axial movement of the float 714 within the float housing 704.

The base 708 of the float body has a ballast tank 740 installed on it in order to maintain the position of the float pumping unit 700 relative to the installation location in the water space 734. The base 708 of the float housing is also connected to the line is 742 and provides a passage of lines 742 through the base 708 of the float body

Piston housing 706 has several piston stops 744, located at the bottom inside of the piston housing 706 to limit axial movement of the piston 718 in the piston housing 706. Piston housing 706 also performed with the opportunity to provide axial movement of the sliding piston 718 within the piston housing 706.

Ballast cover 712 can also be used for extra stability float pumping unit 700 relative to the installation location in the water space 734 by the presence of a predetermined or variable ballast ballast within the ballast cover 712.

Float 714, which can be adjusted in the manner described above, is made slidable in the axial direction within the float housing 704 cyclically in accordance with the hydrodynamic water parameters 734, in which is mounted a float pump unit 700, as well as hydraulic or pneumatic characteristics of the float pumping unit 700.

Rod 716 piston preferably is rigid and forms a rigid connection between the piston 718 and float 714. The piston 718 is in contact with the water with its lower side through the open end of the piston housing 706-side float 714. The piston 718 preferably has a seal (not shown)located around the perimeter of the piston 718 that p is eduversum seepage or leakage from the piston chamber 719 in the area under the piston. Thus, the piston chamber is isolated from the external environment and provides effective retention of the pumped gas or liquid inside under pressure.

The intake and exhaust valves 720, 722 are unidirectional hydraulic devices that allow the flow of gas or liquid to pass either inside or outside of the piston chamber 719, respectively. Preferably, the valves 720, 722 can be located in various places on the cover 710 of the piston body, in order to achieve the desired pressure within the piston chamber 719.

The inlet line 724 is configured to connect with a necessary source of gas or liquid and thus provides the link to the necessary source of gas or fluid that must be pumped float pumping unit 700. The exhaust line 726 is connected to the line 742, which in turn directs the flow to the desired location.

During operation, as the wave approaches the float pumping unit 700, float 714 having a predetermined buoyancy, gradually rises with the wave. The piston 718 moves in close connection with the float 714, thereby displacing gas or fluid from the piston chamber 719 through the exhaust valve 722, the exhaust line 726 and line 742 flow. When the wave passes poplaw the new pumping unit 700, float 714 under the influence of gravity falls with the wave. The piston 718, moving in close connection with the lowering of the float 714, creates a vacuum inside the piston chamber 719. The gas or liquid sucked through the suction line 724 and the inlet valve 720 in the piston chamber 719, filling piston chamber 719. The cycle continues to repeat itself in accordance with the cycle, consistent with the hydrodynamic water parameters, as well as hydraulic or pneumatic characteristics of the float pumping unit 700.

On Fig shows a side view from above of an alternative implementation of float pump unit 800 in accordance with this invention. Float pump unit 800 comprises a base 802, building 804 attached to the base 802, the lid 806 housing attached to the housing 804 and 808 of the housing that is attached to another end of the housing 804. Piston housing 810 is located on the axis in the lower part of the body 804. Piston housing 810 includes a cover 812 piston housing and the base 814 piston housing. The ballast portion 816 of the piston housing attached to porshneva body 810 in its lower part.

Float 818 having a predetermined buoyancy, is located inside the housing 804. The stem 820 piston attached to the lower end of the float 818 and is located on its axis. The piston 822 is attached to the other end of the rod one. The piston 822 is configured to move axially within the piston housing 810. Piston chamber 824 is formed by the bottom surface of the piston 822, base 814 piston housing and a piston housing 810.

The inlet valve 826 is attached through the base 814 piston housing and connected with the piston chamber 824. In this way exhaust valve 828 is attached to the base 814 piston housing and connected with the piston chamber 824. The inlet line 830 and the exhaust line 832 is connected to the other respective ends of the inlet valve 826 and exhaust valve 828.

The base 802 includes a support leg 834, which rely on the support base 836. Support Foundation 836 is configured to support the bottom 838 water 840. Ballast tanks 842 is attached to the upper surface of the support base 836 and configured to receive and/or discharge of ballast, thus maintaining the position of the float pump unit 800 relative to its place of installation in the water space 840.

The housing 804 contains many feet 844 corps, attached to the base 808 housing with one end and to the cover 806 housing from the other end. Legs 844 corps provide free passage of water between them.

Settling tank 846 is connected to the inlet line 830 and exhaust line 832; it is located on the surface is rnost base 808 of the housing. Settling tank 846 is also connected to line 848 supply and hydraulic line 850. Settling tank 846 can control the flow in the piston chamber 824, and from it and the output stream directly from the piston chamber 824 to a desired location through a hydraulic line 850.

The buoyancy of the float 818 can be adjusted in the manner described above. Float 818 is made slidable in the axial direction inside the housing 804 cyclically in accordance with the hydrodynamic parameters of water 840, in which is mounted a float pump unit 800, as well as hydraulic or pneumatic characteristics of the float pump unit 800.

The stem 820 piston forms a rigid connection between the float 818 and the piston 822 so that the float movement 818 corresponds to the movement of the piston 822.

The housing 804 has several stops 852 float located inside leg 844 housing to limit axial movement of the float 818. Similarly, the piston body 810 has a few stops 854 piston on the inner surface of the piston housing 810 that is configured to limit axial movement of the piston 822.

The inlet valve 826 and the exhaust valve 828 represent unidirectional hydraulic devices that allow the flow of gas or liquid to pass is for inside, or out of the piston chamber 824, respectively. Preferably, the valves 826, 828 could be located in different locations based on 814 piston housing to achieve the desired pressure within the piston chamber 824.

In operation, when a wave with specified characteristics approaching float pump block 800, float 818 and the piston 822 gradually rise, and inside the piston chamber 824 creates a vacuum; when this occurs, the suction gas or liquid depending on the supply source connected to the supply line 848, in the piston chamber 824 through the inlet line 830 and the inlet valve 826. When the wave passes the float pump block 800, gravity moves the piston in the axial direction downward, compressing the gas or liquid within the piston chamber 824, and pushing or releasing the gas or fluid within the piston chamber 824, through the exhaust valve 828, the exhaust line 832, settling tank 846 and hydraulic line 850.

Figure 9 shows a side view of an alternative implementation of float pumping unit 900. This float pump block 900 includes a base 902, building 904 attached to the base 902, the lid 906 of the housing and the base 908 corps. The ballast part of the body 909 is located axially above the lid 906 corps./p>

A metallic piston 910 is located inside the housing 904 and is arranged to move in the axial direction inside the housing 904. Outside the housing 904, converging at the ends of the piston 910, there are many magnetized floats 912 having a predetermined buoyancy. These magnetized floats 912 are located near metallized piston 910 so that the movement of the magnetized float 912 corresponds to the movement of metallized piston 910 inside the housing 904. Guide 911 is provided on the housing 904 for the directional movement of the magnetized float 912 relative to the metallized piston 910. Piston chamber a, 913b are on opposite sides of the piston 910. Non-metallic seal 915 may be installed and attached to the outer surface of metallized piston 910 between this metallic piston 910 and the housing 904 in order to prevent the flow of fluid or other flowable substance between piston chambers a, 913b.

The first inlet valve 914 and the first exhaust valve 916 is connected through the lid 906 of the housing with the piston chamber a. The first inlet valve 914 and the first exhaust valve 916 is connected through a ballast portion 909 housing with a first inlet line 918 and the first exhaust line 920, respectively.

The second inlet valve 922 and the second vypuskno the valve 924 connected at one end through the base 908 casing with the piston chamber 913b. The second inlet valve 922 and the second exhaust valve 924 is connected at the other respective ends of the second intake line 926 and the second exhaust line 928.

The base 902 contains a set of supporting legs 930 attached at one end to the housing 904, and the other end to the support base 932. Support Foundation 932 is arranged to support the bottom 934 water space, which is equipped with a float pump block 900.

The housing 904 includes many stops 938 on the outer surface that is configured to limit axial movement of the magnetized float 912. Output lines 920, 928 are connected with a hydraulic line 940 for passage of a thread to the appropriate place.

Magnetized floats 912 is moved cyclically in accordance with the hydrodynamic properties of water, in which is mounted a float pump unit 900, as well as hydraulic or pneumatic characteristics of the float pumping unit 900. The buoyancy of the magnetized float 912 can be adjusted by filling the magnetized float blocks 912 specified amount of liquid or solid substances or by the removal of the magnetized float 912 specified quantity of a liquid or solid.

Inlet valves 914, 922 and exhaust valves 916, 924 are adsonar is undertaken hydraulic device, which allow the flow of gas or liquid to pass either inside or outside of the piston chambers a, 913b. For example, the first inlet valve 914 supply to the piston chamber a, and the first exhaust valve 916 provides the removal of the piston chamber a. The second inlet valve 922 and the second exhaust valve 924 supply to and removal from the piston chamber 913b. Of course, the first inlet valve 914 and the first exhaust valve 916 can be located in various places on the lid 906 of the housing. Similarly, the second inlet valve 922 and the second exhaust valve 924 can be located in different places at the base 908 casing in such a way as to achieve the desired pressure within piston chambers a, 913b.

During operation, when a wave of water 946 passes float pump block 900, a magnetic floats 912 gradually lowered under the action of gravity, thus omitting the metallic piston 910 by the action of magnetic forces to create a vacuum inside the piston chamber a. At the same time lowering magnetized floats 912 and metallized piston 910 compresses the gas or liquid within the piston chamber 913b. The gas or liquid when it is released or pushed out through the second exhaust valve 924, the second exhaust line 928 and hydraulic line 940. Porshneva camera a vacuum sucks in the gas or liquid from the first inlet line 918 through the first inlet valve 914, and then in the piston chamber a.

When approaching the next wave, a magnetic floats 912 and a metallic piston 910 gradually rise, while in the interaction due to the magnetic forces, according to the level of water passing 936, thus compressing the gas or liquid within the piston chamber a and removing the gas or liquid through the first exhaust valve 916 and the first exhaust line 920 in the hydraulic line 940. In the piston chamber 913b creates a vacuum, the suction gas or fluid through the second inlet line 926 and the second inlet valve 922 in the piston chamber 913b. The process is cyclically repeated with each subsequent wave.

If the pressure in each exhaust valve 916, 924 inhibits the movement of metallized piston 910, magnetized floats 912 separated from the metal piston 910 and move relative to the waves, subsequently engaging in interaction with a metallic piston 910 in the cycle the next wave.

Figure 10 shows another variant implementation of the float pump module 1000 in accordance with this invention. Float pump unit 1000 includes a base 1002, building 1004 attached to the base 1002, the lid 1006 corps, attached to the housing 1004, and the base 1008. Piston cylinder 1010 is located inside the housing 1004 and contains the cover 1012 the piston of the second cylinder and the ballast portion 1014 of the piston cylinder, attached to porshneva cylinder 1010 and is located above the cover 1012 piston cylinder. The piston 1016 is configured to move axially within the piston cylinder 1010. Float 1018 is located on the axis of the housing 1004 above the piston cylinder 1010 and is arranged to move in the axial direction inside the housing 1004. Many stocks 1020 piston attached to the lower surface of piston 1016 and attached to the lateral surfaces of the float 1018.

The inlet valve 1022 and the exhaust valve 1024 is connected through the cover 1012 piston cylinder with the piston chamber 1026 formed by the cover 1012 piston cylinder, piston cylinder 1010 and the upper surface of piston 1016. The inlet line 1028 and the exhaust line 1030 is connected to the inlet valve 1022 and the exhaust valve 1024, respectively. The inlet line 1028 and the exhaust line 1030 pass through the ballast portion 1014 of the piston cylinder.

The base 1002 includes a support leg 1032 attached to the bottom of the housing 1004 at one end and to the support base 1034 from the other end. Support Foundation 1034 is configured to support at the bottom 838 water 1038. Ballast tank 1040 placed on top of the support base 1034 for holding the float pump module 1000 in a certain position relative to the installation location in the water space, Breakfast is as 1038.

Case 1004 includes a few feet 1042 chassis, which are made with the possibility of passing water 1038 between them. Leg housing 1042 attached to the base 1008 housing. Case 1004 also includes several stops 1045, made on the inner surface of the legs 1042 housing to limit axial movement of the float 1018.

With the exhaust line connected to the settling tank, which is connected with the base 1008. Settling tank 1046 made with the ability to direct the flow coming from the outlet line 1030, and feeding the stream with the exhaust line 1040 in line 1048.

Piston cylinder 1010 is open on the side opposite the cover 1012 piston cylinder so that the water may come into contact with the lower surface of piston 1016. A seal (not shown) provided around the perimeter of the piston 1016 to prevent contamination between the piston chamber 1026 and water space 1038.

The piston 1016, which can be adjusted in the manner described above, posted by slidable within a piston cylinder 1010. As the piston 1016 and float 1018 is connected via a piston 1020, the float movement 1018 is in direct correspondence with the movement of piston 1016.

Float 1018 has a predetermined buoyancy so that the float 1018 is moved cyclically in accordance with the tvii with hydrodynamic parameters of water in which is mounted a float pump block 1000. The buoyancy of the float 1018 can be adjusted in the manner described above, depending on the properties and hydrodynamic characteristics of the water and the device.

The intake and exhaust valves 1022, 1024 are unidirectional hydraulic devices that allow the flow of gas or liquid to pass either inside or outside of the piston chamber 1026, respectively. Preferably, the valves 1022, 1024 could be located in various places on the cover 1012 piston cylinder to achieve the desired pressure within the piston chamber 1026.

During operation, after the float pump block 1000 initially placed in a body of water such as an ocean, lake, river, or other medium in which waves are formed, the initial pressure in the outlet line 1030, the exhaust valve is 1024 and the piston chamber 1026 is zero. Wave having certain properties, and comes to float the pump block 1000. Water waves gradually raises the float 1018, thereby raising as float 1018, and the piston 1016. The gas or liquid trapped in the piston chamber 1026, begin to shrink until, until the pressure in the piston chamber 1026 will not overcome the pressure in the outlet line 1030. At this point, the gas or liquid begins to flow through the produce is Noah valve 1024 and outlet line 1030 and is fed through line 1048 to the desired location for use or accumulation.

When the wave passes the float pump block 1000, gravity moves the float 1018 down, resulting in a corresponding movement of piston 1016 in the axial direction down inside the piston dilendra 1010. Inside the piston chamber 1026 creates a vacuum; when this occurs, the suction gas or liquid through the inlet line 1028 and the inlet valve 1022 in the piston chamber 1026. The process is cyclically repeated with each subsequent wave.

Figure 11 shows the side views of the proposed float of the pump module 100, shown in figure 1, is installed on the equipment 1100 for the cultivation of aquatic organisms. In this configuration, the equipment 1100 for the cultivation of aquatic organisms contains many ballast tanks 1110, concentrically placed around and attached to the float pumping unit 100. These ballast tanks 1110 also attached to the adjacent ballast tanks 1110 using multiple wire stretch marks 1120. Many ballast tanks 1110 may vary in length or width to ensure the sustainability of the float pumping unit 100 in relation to the lapping waves of the water space 1130, which is equipped with a float pump unit 100.

This float pump block can have a modular design to ensure its mobility. Mobile pump float the unit can be installed in one place, dismantled and installed in another location. Mobility float pumping unit may be different from other hydro-based devices that are not mobile, such as vibratoria, which is constantly under construction for operation in one place. In addition, the group or the mobile float pump blocks can be moved to supply electricity to various terrestrial and marine consumers (subject to changes in energy demand). For example, the group of one or more float pump units can be deployed on the territory of sea water areas with the purpose of providing military base, which is deployed in the new area of the dislocation on an unknown period of time and which subsequently predicatives in another area of the dislocation. Group float pump units can be deployed essentially wherever there are sufficient sources of energy waves, which correspond to the characteristics of the float pump blocks.

On Figa shows the ring 1200 float chamber, which can be used as a structural component to create the proposed design shown in Figv and formed of several rings 1200 float chambers with the aim of functioning essentially like the float cylinder 104 (see Fig 1) p is planovogo pumping unit. Float pump block, which uses the ring 1200 float chamber, is of modular design. Ring 1200 float chamber contains an outer ring 1202 and the inner ring 1204. Inner and outer rings 1202 and 1204 are concentric and can be connected by means of a number of spacers, forming a pair of spacers 1206a-1206d (General 1206). A pair of spacers 1206 may be arranged in parallel and are arranged symmetrically with respect to axes X and Y. These pairs of spacers 1206 provide support for the outer and inner rings 1202 and 1204. Other structural and/or geometric configuration of the spacers can also be used to support the outer and inner rings 1202 and 1204. For example, can be used shaped configuration of the spacers between the outer and inner rings 1202 and 1204.

Guides of circular cylinders 1210 may be located midway between the pairs of struts 1206 and attached to both the outer and inner rings 1202 and 1204. These guides are circular cylinders 1210 can be used for positioning and holding ring 1200 float chamber on pile foundations 1216 (as shown below on Figv). Each component ring 1200 float chamber may be made of steel and/or such materials as with clovelike or plastic, resistant to external conditions, which occur in the ocean or other environments.

FIGU is a top view in perspective, made in the direction of the cross section of the float chamber, shown in figure 1, where the ring of the float chamber, shown in Figa. The float chamber 104 is formed by combining a variety of rings 1200 float chamber in the axial direction along the eight pile foundations or pillars 1216, which can be installed on the base (not shown) and positioned it vertically, resting on the bottom of the water space. Depending on the depth of water each pile foundations 1216 may be formed of multiple segments. As shown in the figure, the pile foundations 1216 may pass through the guide ring cylinder 1210 placed radially around the ring 1200 float chamber.

Tubular spacers 1218, installed vertically at the base of the float pumping unit 1212 may be attached to the inner ring 1204 in the places of installation of each strut in the pair of struts 1206. These tubular spacers 1218 used as a guide for the float 1220 (shown partially). Float 1220 may contain or be attached to the float ring 1222. This float ring 1222 can join and who and directed tubular spacers 1218, to maintain the axial orientation of the float 1220 when it moves up and down inside the float chamber 104. Due to the modular design of the float pump block 1212 may be pre-set and disassembled to change the location.

On Figs shows another variant implementation of the rings float chamber 1200', configured in the form of a cover for the float chamber 104. Ring float chamber 1200' may also be configured to position the piston chamber 1224. Positioning spacers 1226 can be essentially aligned with the pairs of spacers 1206 with the formation of the rectangular area 1228 around the center of the outer and inner rings 1202 and 1204. Rectangular guide element 1230 may be located in the rectangular area 1228 and attached to positioning the spacers 1226. Rectangular guide element 1230 may have a hole 1232 with dimensions sufficient to insert the piston chamber 1224 through and to hold the piston chamber 1214 in it using soedenennyh elements (not shown). It should be understood that the hole 1232 may also have a size and shape depending on the shape and size of the structural element (for example, a piston chamber 1224), which is supported and controlsa ring 1200' of the float chamber.

Fig is a condition the device 1300 to dynamically determine and/or regulate the size of the float on the basis of data on waves, which shows a schematic representation of the proposed float 1302 on the monitor 1303 computer system 1304. Computer system 1304 contains the processor 1306, made with the possibility of working with software 1308. Software 1308 is used to calculate the size and/or model of the functioning of the float 1302 on the basis of statistical data on waves for space in the water space in which to install the float pump unit comprising a float 1302. Software 1308 may be formed, for example, of lines of code or formulas contained in a large spreadsheet. Software 1308 contains an algorithm that has input parameters for processing statistical data on waves and gives the mechanical characteristics and operational data of the device.

Computer system 1304 also includes a storage device 1310 associated with the processor 1306. This storage device may be used to store programs 1308 and data obtained as a result of its work. The device input/output 1312 is connected with the processor 1306 and is used to receive and transmit data within the system or outside of the computer system 1304. The storage device 1314 is connected with the processor 1306 and is made with the possibility of the wound base 1316 data. Base 1316 data can be stored statistical data on waves and other data associated with the configuration of one or more float pumping units to install them. In one embodiment, the implementation of the database 1316 data is a data file associated with the float 1302.

Computer system 1304 may be connected to the network 1318 through the communication line 1320. In one embodiment, the implementation of network 1318 is the Internet. The network 1318 may be a satellite communication system. Server 1322 statistical data on waves supports the base 1324 data or other data file, containing data on waves collected by the buoys from different locations of bodies of water around the world, as is clear to a person skilled in the art. Server 1322 statistical data on waves associated with the network 1318 through the communication line 1326 so that the computer system 1304 may have access or search data on waves that are stored in the 1324 data. These data on waves, accessed to obtain from the server 1322 statistical data on waves using a computer system 1304 can manually, semi-automatically or automatically into the database 1316 data and used software 1308 to generate the size and/or model of the functioning of the float 1302.

The image 1301 float 1302 can the also contain a number of data regions, designed to get input parameters and/or display the calculated results in the display areas for the design of the float 1302. Developer float 1302 can use these input parameters in order to enter information associated with a specific or typical statistical movements of waves for certain periods of time. Also, the input parameters can be read from a data file stored in the device 1314 storage on the server 1322 data on waves, or anywhere else, and is displayed on the image 1301.

When designing a float 1302 considerations the position and the duration of the installation must be taken into account. For example, if the float pump unit must be set to a certain place for a certain period of time, such as three months, you may enter a low peak-to-average level of statistical data on wave motion during those particular months in a particular place when designing float 1302. If the float pump must be installed for a longer period of time, the low peak-to-average level of statistical data on wave motion may be given for a longer period of time, such as five years, with the aim of determining the size of the float 1302.

The image 1301 may contain input and output field is t, including tables, matrices, graphics, or other visual material in order to help the developer float pumping unit.

During the phase of designing the float pumping unit, the developer can perform the design process, such as is proposed in accordance with examples a and b, tables 1-4 and Figa-3F and Fig.4D. In progress design example A (low wave size), the example In (medium size waves) and table 1 provide examples for the use of statistical data on waves when calculating the dimensions of the various nodes (e.g., float) and system parameters (e.g., power). Dimensions, such as the volume of float (BBv), the volume of the cone (VC), total bases (VB) and other sizes can be calculated as magnitude-dependent statistical data on waves. Table 2, which describes the diameter of the float as a function of wave height (WH), can be used to determine both the size and operating parameters of the system. The results, shown in the image 1301, can be graphically displayed in connection with features and dimensions shown, for example, on Figa-3F and Fig.4D. It should be understood that more simple or detailed graphics elements float pumping unit can also be calculated and displayed on the image 1301. In adnie data in table 3 (average data waves for years) and table 4, reflecting the average monthly information on waves, can be entered into the computing system 1300 in the design process nodes float pumping unit on the basis of data on the location and duration of the installation.

On Fig also shows a display area used to display the results of calculations performed with the software 1308 computer system 1304. The results shown in the areas of the display may contain a number of mechanical characteristics for float 1301, including the height (h1) of the base (see Fig.4D), diameter (d1), height (h2) cone and other sizes. Besides can be calculated and other sizes of the nodes float pumping unit, such as the size of the piston. The display area can also contain parameters that affect performance, such as the possible stroke length and time course of rise and pressure rise, which is the pressure upstream and produced by the float 1301 as a function of wave parameters (e.g., height and length).

Float pump units are also stackable to meet the needs of a particular region. For example, the specified number of float pumping units may shall be initially established for to meet the needs of a particular region or part of the region, and then to be supplemented with other float pumping units to service this region during extension or for the remaining portion of the source region. This region may have only a small energy requirement, requiring, for example, only 200 float pump blocks, or to have a large energy requirement, which would be covered several square miles of the float pump blocks and was comparable to the capacity of the dam to the power plant. I.e. float pumping units are scalable and adaptable to any energy needs for specific serviced region.

On Fig shows a variant implementation of the proposed energy system 1400 on the basis of float pump that uses water tower. Group 1405 of one or more of the float device 1410 is placed at the bottom of the water 1415 space 1420 in a given configuration. This group 1405 float pump block (blocks) 1410 can be configured in the network, an array of or posted by other means so as to set each float pump block 1410 for receiving wave movement with minimal impact or no mutual influence of other float pump block 1410.

The outlet line 1425 of poplaw the new pumping units 1410 can be held at the bottom 1415 towards the shore 1430, where a water tower 1435. These exhaust line 1425 function as the water supply line that delivers water at or near the top of the water tower 1435.

Water tower 1435 functions as a reservoir for the pumped water, which actuates one or more turbines 1439, located in the engine room 1440 inside or near the base of the water tower 1435. It should be understood that the machine hall 1440 may be located within, adjacent to, or near the water tower 1435 thus, to get the water being accumulated in the water tower, 1435, due to gravity for generating electrical energy from a stream of water passing through the turbine (turbine) 1439. Water passing through the turbine (turbine) 1439, may be returned to the water space 1420 through the outlet 1440 turbine. Water can also be served for allocation to a different use, such as irrigation or desalination with the aim of turning into the drinking water.

Line 1445 transmission can be connected to the turbine (turbines) 1439 for the transmission of electricity generated by these turbines to the power grid 1450, which includes line 1445 transmission. It is assumed that the pumps that produce energy in a different way from the float device is ist, can also be used to supply water in the water tower 1435 in accordance with this invention. For example, the pumps that produce energy due to rotation and/or wind energy can also be used to supply water to the water tower 1435.

Fig is an image of another variant implementation of the characteristic energy of the system 1500 on the basis of float pumps. Can be set the same or similar layout group 1505 of one or more float pump blocks 1510, located at the bottom 1515 water 1520, as shown in Fig. This group 1505 float pump blocks 1510 may be configured in the network, an array of or posted by other means so as to set each float pump block 1510 for receiving wave movement with minimal impact or no mutual influence of other float pump block 1410.

The outlet line 1525 of the float pump blocks 1510 can be held at the bottom 1515 towards the rock 1530, which has one or more tanks 1535 on top of 1540. Alternative tank(s) 1535 can be performed on top of 1540 rocks in the form of one or more pools or tanks. The outlet line 1525 function as means for supplying water at or near the top of the tank 1535. In one of the variants of realization of the tank(s) 1535 can be made in this way, to provide a secondary use. One such secondary use is the fish hatchery. Tank 1535 operates to store water pumped from the float pump blocks 1510, to actuate one or more turbines 1540, located in the turbine hall 1545 at or near the base of the rock 1530 to ensure maximum water pressure at the turbine (turbines) 1540 due to gravity. Alternative turbine hall 1545 may be located in other places below the tank with the ability to drive a turbine (turbine) 1540. As is clear to a person skilled in the art, various turbines operating at different pressures of water, i.e. the height of the rock and/or exceed tank 1535 above the turbines can be selected based on the type of turbine used. The electricity produced by the turbines 1540 may be transferred along the lines of 1550 power in the electrical network 1555.

On Fig shows another example of the layout of the float pump block 1602, located in the water space 1604 to convert wave energy into mechanical energy. Float pump blocks 1602 arranged in such a way as to supply gas, such as air, through the outlet line 1606 depending on the moving waves of floats (not shown) float pump is @ 1602. Reservoir 1608 can be located on the shore of 1610 or under the ground on the shore 1610, because the gas can be compressed and there is no need to raise in order to operate the turbine 1612 installed in the engine room 1614. Turbine 1612 may be connected with a reservoir 1608 via input line 1616 supply for supplying a compressed gas to drive a turbine 1612. The turbine is connected to the lines 1618 transmission for the transmission of electricity generated by turbine 1612, in the electrical network 1620 or another user, such as the company.

Figa illustrates the proposed field 1700 pumps, which includes a float pump units 1702, arranged to apply fluid substance in the reservoir 1704 under the action of waves 1706 to 1708 ocean. Box 1700 pumps are arranged as a network of float pumping units 1702, containing a series 1710 and column sections 1712 1713 designed for setting float pump block 1702. An empty stretch of land along the column divides or separates from each other two float pumping unit 1702 in each row. In this way an empty lot down the line separates from each other two float pumping unit 1702 in each column. When dividing or separating from each other float pumping units 1702, as shown in the figure, the wave that passes through the first number of the nnu 1and between the two float pump blocks a and 1714b, restoring its shape before the float pump unit s in the second column with a2and r14perpendicular positioned between rows of r13and r15two float pumping unit a and 1714b, thus providing a receipt float pump unit s in the second column with a2essentially the same energy waves, which received the float pump blocks a and 1714b in the first column of c1. Separation float pump blocks 1702 also helps minimize the amount of energy taken from each wave. By minimizing the amount of energy taken from each wave, each float pump block 1702, located in the box 1700 pumps, receives essentially the same amount of energy. It should be understood that can be used and other layout float pumping units 1702, which provide the same or a similar situation with the minimal changes over the waves with the aim of supplying the maximum wave energy to each pump. When using layout field 1700 pumps shown in Fig, ashore 1714 fall of the waves, essentially the same as in the if field 1700 pumps was not before the shore 1714. Thus, this arrangement of the field 1700 pump is the solution for the doctrine of the energy from waves, do not harm the environment.

FIGU is a magnified image of the layout, float pump blocks 1702 containing separate float pumping units a-C. The outlet line a and 1718b float pump blocks a and 1714b respectively made coming out of each float pumping unit a and 1714b along the first column c1in the direction of row r14containing float pump block s. The outlet line a and 1718b connected to another exhaust line s, which runs along the row 114 toward the shore (1716). Accordingly, the exhaust line (not shown) of the float pump s can connect with the exhaust line s. In addition, the outlet line from the other float pumps 1702, located in the rows of r13-r15can be connected with the exhaust line s to supply fluid substances (i.e. liquid or gas)released from the float pump blocks 1702 in the reservoir (not shown)located on the land or otherwise. It should be understood that can be used and other configurations of the exhaust lines for fluid substances supplied to the tank. Other configurations can structurally or geometrically different. For example, instead of connecting the output lines a and 1718b with one exhaust line s each outlet whether the Oia a and 1718b can remain separate.

Also on FIGU suggested as an example of the layout dimensions for the network pumps. Each float pump block 1702 has a base dimension of 47.3 ft2. The adopted distance of 15.8 feet between rows (e.g. rows of r1and r2) float pump blocks 1702.

On Tiga reservoir 1704 is located on a cliff top 1718 and receives water pumped from the float pumping units 1702, through the outlet line 1720. Water can accumulate in the reservoir 1704 and to flow through the outlet supply line 1722 on the turbine (turbine) (not shown)located in the engine room 1724. The water can be discharged back to the ocean 1708 through line 1726 reset. In another embodiment, the reservoir may be located above the level of the water space, i.e. on a ship or oil platform.

Of course, that the system float pumps can be designed to completely absorb almost all of the potential energy from passing waves and to use this energy in the manner described and shown in this description. This alternative system float pumps can be designed to absorb a portion (e.g. 50%) of the potential energy from passing waves. Such technical solutions can use the network or any other structure of the field of pumps, however, contain poplack the new pumping units in some or all of the empty areas.

The preceding description is made for preferred embodiments of the invention and should not limit the scope of the present invention. The scope of this invention are defined below by the claims.

1. Float pump containing a float with adjustable volume made with the possibility of a return movement under the influence of waves and a piston placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, whereby the pistons are made with the possibility of a return movement in the first direction and the second direction under the influence of the movement of the float, and the piston moves in the second direction to the suction of the working fluid in the piston cylinder and is moved in the first direction to remove the working medium from the piston cylinder.

2. Float pump according to claim 1, characterized in that the float also includes upper part and lower part, connected with the possibility of moving to the top.

3. Float pump according to claim 2, characterized in that the upper part of the float is connected by threads to the lower part of the float.

4. Float pump according to claim 2, characterized in that the float also includes means for telescopic regulation of the lower part relative to the upper part.

5. Float pump according to claim 4, characterized in that the means for telescopic control the lower part includes a motor attached to at least one lower part and the upper part of the float, and a motor configured to move one lower part and the upper part relative to the second lower part and the upper part so that the volume of the float when it is regulated.

6. Float pump according to claim 1, characterized in that the float is made expandable in the radial direction.

7. Float pump according to claim 6, characterized in that the float also contains made expandable in the radial direction of the outer seal, many external plates attached to the outer seal, the number of inner plates attached can travel to many external plates, a motor connected to the gearbox, and the engine is located on the axis inside the float, as well as many extending levers, connected with gear and outer plates, and these many are extending levers made with the possibility of expansion and contraction of the float in the radial direction.

8. Float pump containing the float housing that defines a float chamber, through which can flow the first fluid is Poplavok, having adjustable buoyancy and made with the possibility of a return movement inside the float chamber under the influence of waves of the first fluid and the float shall be of such dimensions to fit inside the float chamber, and has a tapered portion, so that by resizing and compression of the float decreases lateral movement of the float within the float chamber, and decreases the engagement between the float and the float housing with the return movement of the float, and the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, whereby the pistons are made with the possibility of a return movement in the first direction and the second direction under the influence of the movement of the float, when the piston moves in the second direction to the second suction fluid in the piston cylinder and is moved in the first direction to displace the second fluid from the piston cylinder.

9. Float pump of claim 8, wherein the first fluid is the same as the second fluid.

10. Float pump containing the float housing defining essentially cylindrical float chamber and the float body is made in the form of an essentially cylindrical cells, with many reject the enterprises, through which can flow the first fluid, the float having an adjustable volume and made with the possibility of a return movement inside the float chamber under the influence of waves of the first fluid and the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, whereby the pistons are made with the possibility of a return movement in the first direction and the second direction under the influence of the movement of the float, the piston moves in the second direction to the second suction fluid in the piston cylinder and is moved in the first direction to displace the second fluid from the piston cylinder.

11. Float pump of claim 10, wherein the first fluid is the same as the second fluid.

12. Float pump for use in a fluid environment containing the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment, the float inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in the second direction as the lowering of the fluid in the float chamber, a piston cylinder attached to the float body at least one valve races is than necessary within the piston cylinder and acting as the inlet device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as the discharge device during the movement of the float in the first direction, the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, and it is placed can be moved in first and second directions, when the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substance through at least one valve, the base attached to the float body, wherein the base plate contains a reservoir for the accumulation of fluid substances.

13. Float pump for use in a fluid environment containing the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment, the float inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in the second direction as the lowering of the fluid in the float chamber, a piston cylinder attached to the float body at least one valve located within the piston cylinder and acting as the inlet device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as the discharge device during the movement of the float in the first direction, the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, and it is placed can be moved in first and second directions, when the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substance through at least one valve, a piston rod connecting the piston and the float, and wherein said piston rod has an adjustable length.

14. Float pump for use in a fluid environment containing the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment, the float inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in the second direction as the lowering of the fluid in the float chamber, a piston cylinder attached to the float body at least one valve located within the piston cylinder and acting as the inlet device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as the issue is SKN device during a move float in the first direction, the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, and it is placed can be moved in first and second directions, when the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substance through at least one valve, and a few stops attached to the inner surface of the float body in its lower part and defining the limit of movement of the float in the second direction.

15. Float pump for use in a fluid environment containing the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment, the float inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in the second direction as the lowering of the fluid in the float chamber, a piston cylinder attached to the float body at least one valve located within the piston cylinder and acting as the inlet device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as prom ustroystvo move the float in the first direction, the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, and it is placed can be moved in first and second directions, when the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substance through at least one valve, and a few along the axis washers that are installed on the inner surface of the float body, adjacent to the float, to minimize friction between the float body and the float and to stabilize the position of the float within the float chamber.

16. Float pump for use in a fluid environment containing the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment, the float inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in the second direction as the lowering of the fluid in the float chamber, a piston cylinder attached to the float body at least one valve located within the piston cylinder and acting as the intake is a device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as the discharge device during the movement of the float in the first direction, the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, and it is placed can be moved in first and second directions, when the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substance through at least one valve, wherein the float body contains essentially cylindrical cage having a set of apertures through which may leak fluid.

17. Float pump according to item 16, characterized in that essentially cylindrical cage made compensating holes to reduce turbulence of the fluid.

18. Float pump for use in a fluid environment containing the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment, the float inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in the second direction as the lowering of the fluid in the float chamber, the Porsche is the eve of the cylinder, attached to the float body at least one valve located within the piston cylinder and acting as the inlet device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as the discharge device during the movement of the float in the first direction, the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, and it is placed can be moved in first and second directions, when the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substance through the at least one valve, wherein the float has a predetermined adjustable buoyancy.

19. Float pump for use in a fluid environment containing the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment, the float inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in the second direction as the lowering of the fluid in the float chamber, a piston cylinder attached to the float body on m is Nisha least one valve, located inside the piston cylinder and acting as the inlet device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as the discharge device during the movement of the float in the first direction, the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, and it is placed can be moved in first and second directions, when the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substance through at least one valve, wherein the float also includes upper part and lower part, connected with the possibility of moving to the top.

20. Float pump according to claim 19, characterized in that the float also includes means for telescopic regulation of the lower part relative to the upper part.

21. Float pump according to claim 20, characterized in that the means for telescopic control the lower part contains the engine, attached to the upper surface of the lower part of the float, and the engine is performed by rotating the lower part of the float in a given direction and thus the implementation of telesc the microscopic extension of the float.

22. Float pump according to claim 19, characterized in that the float is made expandable in the radial direction.

23. Float pump according to item 22, wherein the float also contains made expandable in the radial direction of the outer seal, many external plates attached to the outer seal, the number of inner plates attached can travel to many external plates, a motor connected to the gearbox, and the engine is located on the axis inside the float, and many extend levers, connected with gear and outer plates, and these many are extending levers made with the possibility of expansion and contraction of the float in the radial direction.

24. Float pump for use in a fluid environment containing the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment, the float inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in the second direction as the lowering of the fluid in the float chamber, a piston cylinder attached to the float body at least one valve located within the piston cylinder and abecause as the input device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as the discharge device during the movement of the float in the first direction, the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, and it is placed can be moved in first and second directions, when the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substance through at least one valve, wherein the float has an upper part having a radially tapering portion and connected with it by not having a narrowing portion, the inner surface of which is threaded, essentially cylindrical lower part, with many of the threads on its outer surface corresponding to the threads on the top.

25. Float pump for use in a fluid environment containing the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment, the float inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in the second direction as the lowering of the fluid in the float chamber, the Porsche is the eve of the cylinder, attached to the float body at least one valve located within the piston cylinder and acting as the inlet device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as the discharge device during the movement of the float in the first direction, the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, and it is placed can be moved in first and second directions, when the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substance through the at least one valve and the equipment for cultivation of aquatic organisms attached to the float body to ensure the sustainability of the float of the pump relative to the fluid medium.

26. Float pump for use in a fluid environment containing the float housing that defines a float chamber through which fluid can flow environment, the float inside the float chamber can move in the axial direction inside the first direction with the rise of the fluid in the float chamber and in a second direction at least lowered the I fluid in the float chamber, a piston cylinder attached to the float body at least one valve located within the piston cylinder and acting as the inlet device during the movement of the float in the second direction, and as the discharge device during the movement of the float in the first direction, the piston is placed slidable within the piston cylinder and attached to the float, and it is placed can be moved in first and second directions, when the float to move in the second direction is the absorption of fluid substances in the piston cylinder, at least one valve, and when the float to move in the first direction is the replacement of the fluid substances through at least one valve, wherein the piston cylinder has an open lower end, and the lower surface of the piston is arranged to contact with a fluid medium.

27. Float pump p, also contains multiple piston stops located on the inner bottom surface of the piston cylinder for limiting axial movement of the piston in the piston cylinder in the second direction.



 

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4 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: system includes a number of generator units (4a-6c) located in sea and a number of switchgear (1a-1c) located in sea. Each switchgear (1a-1c) is connected with a number of generator units (4a-6c). According to the invention, the system comprises a number of primary intermediate stations (17a-17c). It also includes at least one secondary intermediate station (19). Each primary intermediate station (17a-17c) is linked with a number of switchgears, and each secondary intermediate station (19) is connected with a number of primary intermediate stations (17a-17c). In addition, the secondary intermediate station is connected with on-land electrical network. The switching device (192) is available to ensure connection with different locations (193, 194, 195) of electrical network.

EFFECT: creation of system which is technically and economically compatible for supplying power to common electrical network.

28 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: wave electric station contains operating sections each represented as hollow straight four-sided V blocks, in cross section and in the form of rectangular. It is open from the bottom and linked with water medium. The above sections are installed lengthwise closely to each other. There are two open-end longitudinal windows in the top part of V-block, which form intake and pressure main lines and rectangular windows. The sections are located between vertical boards hung butt-to-butt inside two parallel lines punched into pile bottom.

EFFECT: increased power output from plant and simplified design.

3 cl, 9 dwg

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