Complex of facilities for extraction of he3 from lunar soil

FIELD: mining.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to processing lunar soil and production of helium-3 (He3) on the Moon, including its back side. The complex of facilities for production of (He3) from the lunar soil consists of a source of micro-waves of super-high frequency installed on the lunar surface, and also of control equipment. The source of micro-waves of super-high frequency radiates waves onto a section of lunar soil surface covered with transparent for radiation elastic pressurised jacket; further He is withdrawn from the zone covered with the jacket, is liquefied and collected. The control equipment is installed in points of libration (Lagrange points) of system the Earth-the Moon and is designed to re-translate a control signal to the back side of the Moon.

EFFECT: simplification of process and equipment for production of helium-3 (He3), and also possibility to produce helium-3 (He3) not only on visible side of the Moon, but on its back side.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of processing of lunar soil and obtain helium-3 (in the future, Not3) on the moon, including its reverse side.

The inventive receiving and processing lunar soil carried out using a source of ultra-high microwave frequencies, radiating on the surface area of the lunar soil, a closed transparent for radiation of a flexible airtight membrane, with subsequent discharge is Not3from the zone, closed shell, its liquefaction and collection, with control and monitoring equipment installed at the libration points (Lagrange points) of the system Earth - Moon with the possibility of relay of the control of the control signal on the reverse side of the moon.

A device that implements the method of obtaining Not3from lunar soil by soil collection, transportation and processing by heating, separation is Not3Not4and rock and liquefaction (Processes and Energy costs for mining Lunar Helium-3", J.N.Sviatoslavsky, Wiskonsin Center for Spaces Automation, 1988, Wi-53706, and Roboties). In this case, use of intake operation and transportation of soil, which complicates the production technology is Not3and equipment for this.

A device that implements the method of producing energy by nuclear fusion of D-He3mainly in terms of space (Proceedings of the Works Hop on D-He3based reactor studies, Kurchatov Atomic EnergyInstitute, Moscow, 1991, I.V. Barmin, Kulchinsky G.L.). In this case also assumes excavation and transportation to the place of processing, which requires a considerable amount of energy and the use of complex assemblies.

Known for the ability of the location of research space station in the libration points (Lagrange points) of the system Earth - Moon"aviation and cosmonautics" 1987, No. 7, p.42-43), where it is proposed to create a global communication system on Earth with the help of repeaters located in the libration points of the system Earth - Moon. In this sentence, the communication signal can be received on Earth at any point due to the spatial location of the repeaters, the signal which covers the Earth from all sides. But the offer only applies to communications systems on Earth.

A device that implements the Method of developing the lunar soil to obtain Not3and device for its implementation", patent of Russian Federation №2055206 from 25.06.93, including traction, groundsamine, transporting and receiving and processing means, and the transporting means are in the form of thrower and posted on gruntsgabalam tool, and one of the mechanisms traction means mounted receiving and processing means.

A disadvantage of this device is the complexity of the technology and equipment.

Known space set the CAS to generate energy through fusion type D-He 3("Space fuel for the 21st century", the engineering Department of the University of Wisconsin, Madison, USA, booklet, 1988), adopted for the nearest equivalent, which shows a schematic diagram of the propulsion system to generate electricity, with the side radiation nonradioactive particles and ultra-high microwave frequencies (up to 50% of the energy produced). This emitted energy can be used as jet thrust. But using this setup as an emitter of ultra-high microwave frequencies and at the same time as the engine thrust is quite difficult technically and structurally. In addition, this unit is in close proximity to it.

The technical result of the proposed set of tools to obtain Not3from the lunar soil is the use of microwave emitter ultrahigh frequency that is installed on the back side of the moon, while controlling the control signal supplied to the emitter through repeaters installed in the libration points (Lagrange points) of the system Earth - Moon. The technology of obtaining3simple enough, since it excludes the operation of collection and transportation of lunar soil, which is important in terms of energy on the moon. In addition, it is possible to handle Lu the aqueous soil not only from the visible side of the moon, but on the reverse side, which expands the scope of the complex.

The technical result is achieved due to the fact that the source of the microwaves in the ultra high frequency radiation at the surface of the lunar soil, a closed transparent for radiation of a flexible airtight membrane, with subsequent discharge is Not3from the zone, closed shell, its liquefaction and collection, with control and monitoring equipment installed at the libration points (Lagrange points) of the system Earth - Moon with the possibility of relay of the control of the control signal on the reverse side of the moon.

Today hopes to solve energy problems imposed on controlled thermonuclear reactions, one of which is the reaction of nuclear fusion of deuterium (D) and the isotope helium-3 (Not3)with a high heat with little or no radioactive waste. On Earth this isotope is extremely rare. On the moon for millions of years lunar soil as a sponge, absorbing Not3brought by the solar wind. The results of the analyses of lunar soil showed that in the first five metres of the surface regolith has accumulated about a million tons of3. This amount of nuclear fuel would be enough to provide electricity not only lunar base, but for all mankind for thousand years. In addition, lunar stocks are Not3renewable and easily accessible. So getting Not3and shipping it on the Ground economically justified and appropriate.

Figure 1 shows the layout of the libration points (Lagrange points) in the system Earth - Moon. If body mass is much smaller than the other two bodies, is on the same line with them, then the equation there are five Lagrange points in this system, where the gravitational force on a small body balanced force of inertia. There is a paradoxical situation, when a small body is placed in any of these five points, there can be theoretically indefinitely. In the system Earth - Moon at these points there is no atmosphere and there are no obstacles to the passing of control of the control signal. Letters "C" and "L" denotes the position of the Earth and the moon, and numbers - the location of the libration points. Figure 2 shows the location of the equipment - relays item 1, 2, 3 and the passing of control of the control signal. Figure 3 shows the plot pos.4 the surface of the moon, covered elastic hermetic shell 5, and the emitter pos.6, radiating through the elastic tight casing 5 on lunar soil microwave ultra high frequency.

Means for obtaining Not3from lunar soil works as follows. Controllerprovider signal from the repeater item 1 from the Earth enters the libration point 4 on relay 2, where the signal is recorded, amplified and transmitted to the repeater 3, which also is fixed, amplified and transmitted to the emitter pos.6 microwaves ultra high frequency, mounted on the back side of the moon. The emitter pos.6 captures the received signal and, in turn, generates radiation of microwaves ultrahigh frequency plot pos.4 lunar soil through the elastic tight casing 5, is transparent to this radiation. Further, under the influence of radiation from the lunar soil is allocated in the form of gas Not3that collect, szhizhajut and is injected into the cylinders (not shown). Then the cylinders are transported to Earth. It should be noted that the relay 2 can be located not at the point 4 and point 5 of the libration in the system Earth - Moon, because these points are symmetric about the line Earth - Moon and indifferent, where is located the relay 2. If the receipt is Not3will be on the visible side of the moon, the signal from the relay position 1 will go directly to the emitter pos.6, located on the visible side of the moon, in addition to relays 2, 3. Relays 2, 3 located at the points 4, 5 and 3, will be there theoretically indefinitely, without expenditure of energy, besides the control function of the control signal will not be interference, since the libration points there is no atmosphere. All parature can work in manual and in an automatic mode.

Technical effect consists in the possibility of obtaining Not3not only on the visible side of the moon, but on the reverse side. In addition, the technology and equipment to obtain Not3simple enough.

Economic impact at this stage of the project is not possible to determine.

Means for obtaining Not3from the lunar soil, comprising a source of ultra high frequency microwaves mounted on the surface of the moon, as well as the control and management apparatus, wherein the source of microwave ultra-high frequency radiation at the surface of the lunar soil, a closed transparent for radiation of a flexible airtight membrane, with subsequent discharge is Not3from the zone, closed shell, its liquefaction and collection, with control and monitoring equipment installed at the libration points (Lagrange points) of the system Earth - Moon with the possibility of relay of the control of the control signal on the reverse side of the moon.



 

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