Power supply system for stand alone building

FIELD: heating.

SUBSTANCE: present invention pertains to power supply systems of buildings, with a structure closed on the periphery, with a courtyard covered by a cupola. The power supply system for stand alone buildings with a courtyard covered by a cupola, is provided with high- and low-temperature heat accumulators, energetically linked with exterior and interior alternative sources of energy (for example windmill, solar cells, solar collecting panels, isotope heat sources, low-temperature sources - air, ground, water etc.), as well as with users of heat and electrical energy in the stand alone building, generated by an electrical generator, powered by a controlled steam power installation with a steam generator, thermally linked with at least a high-temperature heat accumulator, steam engine and a condenser. At the centre of the courtyard of the building, there is a multi-channel pipe support with outlet channels for air from under the cupola and channels for inlet of air from the atmosphere, kinematically linked to the cupola and thermally linked with a heat exchange device, for example heat exchangers, heat pipes, heat pumps and a low-temperature heat accumulator, provided with an extra low-temperature section. The condenser of the steam power installation is thermally linked to this extra section at, for example below zero temperature on the Celsius scale, which, through the heat from the main heat pump, powered mainly by the steam power installation, is thermally linked with the primary section of the low-temperature heat accumulator.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of the power supply system of low-rise closed buildings, increase in light energy coming into the building and its conversion to electrical energy, increase in environmental friendliness of the power supply system and the interior of the building itself.

8 cl, 1 dwg

 

The proposed technical solution relates to power supply systems of buildings by type of peripheral closed structure with an inner courtyard, covered with a dome.

Known technical solution of the energy systems of buildings, where heat is conducted through the heat of condensation of steam power installation, accumulated in the low-temperature heat accumulator, and the electricity of the building is the electric powered steam power plant, where progenerative is performed by supplying heat from the high temperature of storage tank charging heat which goes through tanovich heaters from alternative sources, such as wind turbines and solar cells, and also due to combustion in the steam generator of traditional fuel that is used primarily as a backup energy source.

Because the lowest heat transfer between the environment and the building whilst providing a favourable habitat is achieved when the execution of the building in the form of a peripheral closed structures with predominantly transparent dome overlying the inner courtyard, internal sources of heat energy available in the building (for example, a biological reactor of a wastewater treatment unit of household waste processing, working equipment and the equipment, ventilation and air conditioning, domestic kitchen, lighting, living people and animals etc), can most fully be reused due to technology energetici, and in this regard, the development of an optimized energy efficient and environmentally friendly energy system of the house, minimizing the energy consumption from the external, for example, thermal and electrical systems is an important task.

An example of the potential for energy efficient design of buildings of this type, together with its power supply, made by patents of the Russian Federation No. 2215244, 2233387 described in [1] is a prototype.

The purpose of this proposal is to further increase the efficiency of energy supply systems predominantly low-rise enclosed buildings with covered with a dome courtyard while obtaining opportunities relative increase coming inside the house light (solar) energy through the dome and its conversion into electricity, environmentally friendly power system and the internal environment of the building while minimizing costs engineering and supply in wide range of changes in temperature and other parameters of the external environment. Another goal is to get the layout capabilities of the power system in the form of a compact source is inogo block, extending use as an alternative external sources of energy, and internal energy sources and high efficiency conversion systems of various types of energy necessary for life support systems of buildings of this type.

The task in the known system energy Autonomous buildings with interior covered with a dome courtyard, equipped with high - and low-temperature thermal storage, energy reported to have both outside and inside the building the alternative energy sources, as well as with consumers as thermal and electrical energy produced by the generator, driven adjustable steam power plant with a steam generator, the heat communicated from at least the high-temperature heat accumulator, a steam machine and a condenser, is solved by the fact that:

in the center courtyard of the building are kinematically connected with the dome (2) coming out of the dome multichannel tube bearing (13) with the channels 14 of the air outlet of the dome space and channels sampling (15) air from the atmosphere, reported on heat exchanger devices (16, 17) (for example, heat exchangers, heat pipes, heat pumps) and low-temperature heat accumulator (5), provided in addition is a section of low temperature (5*), moreover, the capacitor (12) steam power installation warmth communicated, for example, it is, with this additional section 5*, for example, has a negative Celsius temperature, which heat main heat pump (18), driven mainly by steam power installation 11 communicated with the primary section (5) low-temperature heat accumulator;

section 5, 5* low temperature of storage tank, the heat communicated among themselves by means of additional steam power plant (19) with a low-boiling working body, made with the ability to work offline or/and kinematically associated with the main steam installation 11;

- the space beneath the dome of the building 1 and rounded dome 2 air environment, mainly in the area of the exit pipe supports outward through the channels (14*, 20) pipe supports 13 to heat communicated with additional low-temperature section of the heat accumulator 5*through heat pipes (in summer) or heat pump (in winter);

- the upper part of the pipe supports (13)facing the outside of the dome, equipped with an axisymmetric pipe rigid platform (21) located on it electricity generation wind turbine (6), the output of the air channel (22) which, interacting with leading generator (23) the working body (24) wind turbines, made with the possibility of spin prohodjashei what about the through flow of air and communicated with the output of the ventilation channels, pipe supports, channels exhaust of hot gases (25) and a pair of steam power plant (11), the channel (26) removal of heat from the storage tank, and at least part of these channels can be made with the possibility of regulating their flow areas to control heat flow in the power system, for example, by means of throttle valves. When running this part of the wind turbine contains exchangers (27, 28) heat supply of flowing air to the low-temperature heat accumulator (5,5*) via heat pump (29) or/and heat pipe (30);

at least one inlet and one discharge vertical air ducts communicated warmth through the regenerative heat exchanger 16;

- low battery (5, 5*), steam power plant (11) and vents the pipe supports (13) the heat produced hydrocarbon fuel and a gaseous medium is connected to at least one equipped with a battery of hydrocarbon fuel (31) of the pyrolysis reactor (32) of wastewater recycling and household waste generated in the process of life inside the building, with the battery connected to the burners (33) heating the reactor (32), and steam generator steam power plant (11);

- alternative energy sources, courtyard, office buildings, prosilog the plants, generators, as well as primary and secondary sections of low-temperature heat accumulator of heat, air and electricity are combined in a single system of energy supply and climate control Autonomous building through centrally located in the building's courtyard pipe supports (13) are made inside air and the heat exchange channels;

pipe support made with the possibility of access to its internal space on the levels of the equipment and channels of energy transfer and in its lower part provided with channels of communication with the system thermal batteries.

The drawing shows an example of technical implementation, essentially revealing the essence of this proposal.

System energy Autonomous building 1 interior covered with a dome 2 yard 3 is equipped with high - and low-temperature storage tank 4, and 5, respectively, energetically communicated with have both outside and inside the building the alternative energy sources (e.g., WU 6, solar disposable on the surface of the building wall 1 and/or dome 2 photocells 7, solar collectors, isotopic heat sources, low-temperature sources (air, earth, water and the like), as well as consumers of thermal and electric energy Autonomous building is I, produced by the generator 8 driven adjustable steam installation 9 with the steam generator 10, the heat communicated from at least the high-temperature 4 storage tank, a steam machine 11 and a capacitor 12.

In the center of the yard 3 building 2 installed multi-tubular support 13, kinematically rigidly or via a pivoting or elastic ties associated with the dome 2. Tubular support 13 with its upper part comes out of the dome and provided with channels 14 of the air outlet of the dome space and channels sampling 15 air from the atmosphere, reported on heat exchanger devices 16,17 (for example, heat exchangers, heat pipes, heat pumps) and a low temperature storage tank 5, is provided with an additional section of low temperature 5*. The capacitor 12 steam installation 9 the warmth communicated (such as it is) with this additional section 5*. Section 5* has significantly reduced relative to the primary section 5, for example, temperature, negative Celsius, and the heat main heat pump 18, driven mainly by steam power installation 11 communicated with the primary section 5 low temperature of storage tank (5, 5*). The heat pump 18 with a small expenditure of mechanical energy transfers from section 5* the heat load, the first section 5 and Shalaeva section 5*, easy, almost without the cost of additional mechanical energy (e.g., via heat pipes and/or low-energy fans 30) to carry out enroll in section 5* thermal energy from both the external environment and the dome of the building space, which are the air passages of the building 1. Thus, the space beneath the dome of the building 1 and rounded dome 2 air environment, mainly in the area of the exit pipe supports outward through the channels 14*, 20 pipe supports 13 to heat communicated with additional low-temperature section of the heat accumulator 5*, for example, by means of heat pipes in the summer or/and heat pumps in winter 30.

Sections 5, 5* low temperature of storage tank, heat can also be communicated between and through additional steam fitting 19 with a low-boiling working body, made with the ability to work offline or/and kinematically associated with the main steam installation 11, which allows the production of additional mechanical and electrical energy necessary for life support systems of the building.

The upper part of the tubular support 13 extending to the outside of the dome 2, provided axisymmetric pipe rigid space 21 located on it with electricity generation wind turbine 6, the output air is channel 22 which, interacting with leading generator 23 working turbine type body 24 wind turbines, made with the possibility of a guaranteed spin through the air flow, for example through the guide vane of the working bodies of 24*. The channel 22 through the working body 24 communicated with all output channels, pipe supports: vent 13, the channels of the hot exhaust gases 25 and a pair of steam power installation 11, the channel 26 of the heat from the storage tank, and at least part of these channels can be made with the possibility of regulating their flow areas to control heat flow in the power system, for example, by means of throttle valves. The flowing part of the wind turbine 6 also contains the heat exchangers 27, 28 through which runs the supply of heat flowing through them air to the low-temperature heat accumulator 5, 5* through heat pumps and heat pipes or fans 29, 30 (depending on the temperature differential between 5,5* and the environment).

At least one inlet and one discharge vertical air ducts communicated warmth through the regenerative heat exchanger 16.

Low-temperature battery 5, 5*, steam power installation 11 and vents pipe supports 13 to heat the hydrocarbon fuel and the gas medium is connected to at least one equipped with a battery hydrocarbon fuel 31 pyrolysis reactor 32 processing wastewater (STW) and waste (MSW), generated in the process of life inside the building, with the battery connected to the burners 33 heating of the reactor 32 and the steam generator steam installation 11;

Alternative energy sources 6, 7, courtyard 3, building 1, steam power installation 11, 19, generators 8 and primary 5 and secondary 5* low-temperature section of the heat accumulator of heat, air and electricity are combined in a single system of energy supply and climate control Autonomous building through through centrally located in the building's courtyard pipe supports 13 with inside air and the heat exchange channels 14 14*, 26 and channels of communication with the heat accumulators 4; 5, 5*, equipment 11, 18,19, 30, 31, 32, 33 and the energy channels of the input/output connection with the building and the courtyard space 3, which allows, without the clutter of the yard effectively with minimal cost pipe support with its surface and underground part to perform as a single engineering complex systems, providing: fresh air from the external space, cleaning, activation/deactivation, heating/cooling, purification, desalination and recycling of water, for example, coming from located in the yard well, efficient removal of exhaust gas and air is in the space through the suction channel output of the wind turbine 22, admission to thermal energy accumulators of the external environment and its further effective conversion to the needs of the building.

It is important that when the wind turbine by vortex or other type, but is made to channel exhaust air and gases is provided environmental cleanliness in the space of the building and increases the efficiency of wind turbines by generating a vortex flow, flow over the dome 2, the space 21 (Playground here performs the function of support generated vortex) and then coming into the whirling air flow devices 27, 28, additionally performs the function of heat exchangers selection of thermal energy from the flowing air. Flow in the stream discharged from the ventilation air and exhaust gases and steam pyrolysis reactor 32 and steam power plant (when it is running on back-up fuel) substantially stimulates the generation and capacity of a vortex flow generated by the wind turbine 6, and accordingly, the power generated by the generator 23 wind turbines 6.

Tubular support 13 is made with possibility of access in its internal space on the levels of the equipment and channels of energy transfer and in its lower part provided with channels of communication with the system thermal battery that provides maintenance and remotingservice equipment. Between the tubular support 13 and the building are radial channels and reservoirs transfer of heat/cold, waste, water (potable, industrial, hot) with drive fans and pumps from steam power installation directly or by means of electric motors.

The installation is clear from the previous description and the drawing. Run the power system can be supplied from alternative sources with small inverters power to drive auxiliary equipment, or by steam power installation, run on hydrocarbon reserve fuel.

In General, the proposed power supply system of Autonomous dome of the building is a single technical solution as minimizing heat loss and energy costs in the operation of the power system and life support systems of the building and the most efficient use of alternative energy-wind, solar, atmospheric heat (of course, what is acceptable and use of geothermal energy and groundwater, where it is probably, however, this system needs very little due to the high efficiency of the proposed complex technical solutions), STV, solid waste and other sources, for example, isotopic heat sources. The proposed implementation of the power system together with the pipe is a support of the type described, dome closed on the periphery of the building, a vortex of wind turbines based vortex on the hard ground pipe supports in combination with the used system energogeneruyu and energy transformations optimally solves the problem of environmentally friendly Autonomous power supply, minimizing production costs for construction and engineering support.

This solution of the Autonomous buildings can effectively perform the functions of electrical and Teleservices station, and when the excess energy to store it in the form of hydrogen in the relevant energy-accumulating devices.

Sources of information

1. Pump&equipment. Scientific and practical journal, No. 2 (43), 2007, p.26-28.

1. System energy Autonomous buildings with interior covered with a dome, courtyard, equipped with high - and low-temperature thermal storage, energy reported to have both outside and inside the building the alternative energy sources, such as wind, solar photovoltaic cells, solar collectors, isotopic heat sources, low-temperature sources - air, earth, water and the like, as well as consumers of thermal and electric energy Autonomous buildings, produced by the electric generator, driven adjustable steam power at which the plant with steam, the warmth communicated at least with high-temperature heat accumulator, a steam machine and a capacitor, characterized in that the center of the courtyard of the building are kinematically connected with the dome and outside of the dome multi-channel pipe support channel exit of air from the dome space and channels air intake from the atmosphere, generated by heat from the heat transfer devices such as heat exchangers, heat pipes, heat pumps, and low-temperature heat accumulator, is provided with an additional section of low temperature, and the condenser steam installation warmth communicated, for example, it is, with this additional section, for example, has a negative Celsius temperature, which heat main heat pump, driven mainly by steam power installation, communicated with the primary low-temperature section of the heat accumulator.

2. The Autonomous energy supply system of a building according to claim 1, characterized in that the low-temperature section of the heat accumulator of heat communicated among themselves by means of additional steam power plant with a low-boiling working body, made with the ability to work offline or/and kinematically associated with the main steam installation.

3. Sist the mA energy Autonomous building according to claim 1, characterized in that the dome space of the building and rounded dome air environment, mainly in the area of the exit pipe supports to the outside through pipe supports warmth communicated with additional low-temperature section of the storage tank through the heat pipes (in summer) or heat pump (in the winter).

4. The Autonomous energy supply system of a building according to claim 1, characterized in that the upper part of pipe supports, outside the dome, equipped with an axisymmetric pipe rigid platform located on it with electricity generation wind turbine, the output of the air channel which, interacting with leading generator working body of the wind turbine, designed to spin through the air flow and communicated with the output of the ventilation channels, pipe supports, channel exhaust of hot gases and steam steam power installation, channel heat from the storage tank, and at least part of these channels can be made with the possibility of regulating their flow areas to control heat flow in the power system, for example, through a throttle valve, and a flow part of the wind turbine contains exchangers heat supply of flowing air to the low-temperature heat accumulator through the heat the new pump and/or heat pipe.

5. The Autonomous energy supply system of a building according to claim 1, characterized in that the at least one inlet and one discharge vertical air ducts communicated warmth through the regenerative heat exchanger.

6. The Autonomous energy supply system of a building according to claim 1, characterized in that the low-temperature battery, steam power installation and ventilation ducts pipe supports for the heat produced hydrocarbon fuel and a gaseous medium is connected to at least one equipped with a battery hydrocarbon pyrolysis reactor wastewater treatment and household waste generated in the process of life inside the building, with the battery connected to the burners heat the reactor and steam generator steam installation.

7. The Autonomous energy supply system of a building according to claim 1, characterized in that alternative sources of energy, courtyard, office buildings, steam power plant, generators, as well as primary and secondary sections of low-temperature heat accumulator of heat, air and electricity are combined in a single system of energy supply and climate control Autonomous building through centrally located in the building's courtyard pipe supports made inside the air and those who labonye channels.

8. The Autonomous energy supply system of a building according to claim 1, wherein the tubular support is made with possibility of access in its internal space on the levels of the equipment and channels of energy transfer and in its lower part provided with channels of communication with the system thermal batteries.



 

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