Sprinkler irrigation installation

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler irrigation installation contains an elbow irrigation pipeline equipped with sprinkler heads, support wheels, a drive positioned in the middle of the central section and section connection couplings. The lower journals of the elbow pipe rest on the support wheels positioned in the spacings between agricultural crops rows with the sprinkler heads mounted onto the pipeline upper journals. The upper journals of the elbow pipe are positioned at a level of 2.5-3.0 m above the ground level. The pipeline relies on double-wheel support bogies positioned at the pipeline ends and in the middle (where the drive motor is mounted) and one-wheeled supports. Over the support bogies and one-wheeled supports there are brackets arranged cable-connected to the drive bogie bracket. The sprinkler heads have spoon-shaped deflectors whose bottom plates are represented by parabolic curvilinear surfaces. The bottom plate has curvilinear splitter fins aligned with the parabolic curves. The sprinkler heads are connected to the irrigation pipeline with delivery pipes whose length (equal to 1.0-1.2 m) exceeds the pipeline support wheels radius.

EFFECT: design ensures minimisation of the device transportation labour intensity and enables tall-stalked crops watering.

5 dwg

 

The invention relates to agriculture, namely the means of irrigating crops mainly sprinkling in a mobile irrigation technique.

Known sprinkler installation comprising a cantilever attached to the top of the mast supporting element of the drip line, the free end of which is connected with the vehicle, in which, with the aim of expanding the operational capabilities and improve the efficiency of irrigation, the supporting element is designed as cable mounted with the possibility of axial movement and is provided free of pipeline section of variable length (SU inventor's certificate No. 1485459).

The disadvantages of this sprinkler installation include the complexity of the design, a large consumption of materials and low quality of rain.

Known sprinkler comprising a frame made of pipes with a handle mounted on it, the drum, the tubular axis of which is connected through a flexible hose drum to the sprinkler riser apparatus, in which, to simplify design and improve maintainability, the handle connected to the frame hinge, made hollow and is hydraulically connected with the tubular axis of the drum, while the junction of the sprinkling apparatus is mounted on the free end of the arm; it is equipped with supporting wheels and recoat is and is equipped with a backup vertical position when watering and lock the horizontal position during transportation (SU, copyright certificate №1500208).

The disadvantages of this sprinkler installation include the complexity of the design, most consumption, low productivity and low quality of rain.

Known sprinkler comprising a frame in the form of spatial farm from pipes on the vehicle with the pump unit and mounted on it by means of flexible cables feeding the pipeline with sprinkler devices, with flexible water conveyance pipeline is made sectional, each section has a segment of flexible tubing and flanges, mutually associated bearing element adjacent sections are connected by a transition element and the flanges are mutually bonded fasteners at the ends of the segments are fixed in the fitting grooves of the flanges and of the transition element, the last in the collection given the shape of a ball belt, the surface of which is mounted a disk with holes for connection of cables with frame (RU, patent for invention №2238640).

The disadvantages of sprinklers include the design complexity associated with the use of pumping stations, water intake device and start the pump. In addition, water is drawn from the temporary channel-fill, made in the earthen channel, the water carries a significant amount of sediment that bring the it clogged sprinkler nozzles and reduce the reliability of sprinkler installation.

Known wide-wheeled sprinkler made sectional and equipped with sprinkler nozzles, wheel bearings, drive located in the middle of the Central section, and a coupling for joining sections, with each section of the power tubing made of polyethylene pipes low pressure connected in series couplings, and placed in the cavity of the bearing member formed by C-shaped curved profiles, the ends of which are connected by flanges, the hub of each wheel pair comprises a supporting member and sprinkler nozzles connected to power pipeline through nipples, placed between the shelves adjacent the C-shaped bent shape of the bearing member, with each wing, which is connected with the Central section, provided with a slipping clutch (RU, patent for invention №2250602).

The disadvantages of wide-wheeled sprinkler are limited height of irrigated crops, education moistened the soil surface in the area of supporting wheels, when the movement of the sprinkler causes rutting and leads to considerable difficulty in movement.

This drawback leads to the curvature of the pipeline and significantly reduces the operational reliability of the sprinkler.

Known number is sny sprinkler piping, made sectional and equipped with sprinkler nozzles, wheel bearings, drive located in the middle of the Central section, and a coupling for joining sections, with couplings for joining pipe sections performed each in the form of two concentric pipes with flanges mounted for rotation one relative to another and interconnected by means of a spring-loaded latch, while the flange of the outer pipe fixed in the flange of the inner pipe by means of the snap ring, and the inner diameter of the inner pipe is equal to the inner diameter of the conduit (SU inventor's certificate No. 1402297).

The disadvantages of this wheeled sprinkler piping are limited height of irrigated crops, education moistened the soil surface in the area of supporting wheels, which causes the movement of wheeled sprinkler piping rutting and leads to significant difficulty of movement that causes the curvature of the pipeline and reduces the operational reliability of the wheeled sprinkler pipe.

This wheeled sprinkler piping adopted as the nearest equivalent.

The invention consists in the following.

The task, which directed tablemountain, - improving the reliability and extending the functionality.

The technical result - the reduction of the strain on the movement, enabling irrigation of tall crops.

This technical result is achieved by the fact that in the known sprinkler Assembly, including irrigation pipe made sectional and equipped with sprinkler nozzles, wheel bearings, drive located in the middle of the Central section, and a coupling for connection sections according to the invention of irrigation pipe is made of a bent, the lower cervical cranked pipe placed on a supporting wheels mounted on the rows of crops, and on the top of the neck of a bent pipe placed sprinkler heads, and upper cervical cranked pipe placed over the soil surface at a height of 2.5-3.0 m, bearings crankshaft of the pipeline are two-wheeled supporting truck set the edges of the pipe and in the Central part of the driving motor, and a one-wheeled supports, above the support trucks and wheel bearings provided by the brackets, connected by cables with bracket drive truck, sprinkler nozzles made with a spoonlike baffle, bottom spoonlike deflector nozzles made by PA is Obolonskiy curved surface, and on the bottom is provided with a curvilinear edge dividers, made by a parabolic curve, with sprinkler nozzles connected with irrigation pipe with the inlet tube of a length greater than the radius of the supporting wheels of the pipeline and is 1,0-1,2 m

Due to the fact that irrigation pipe with sprinkler nozzles is located at a height of 2.5-3.0 m, allows irrigation of tall crops, and location of supporting wheels anhydride soil prevents the formation of ruts and reduces the force on the movement of the sprinkler unit, and achieves the above technical result.

Conducted by the applicant's analysis of the prior art, including searching by the patent and scientific and technical information sources and identify sources that contain information about the equivalents of the claimed invention, has allowed to establish that the applicant is not detected similar, characterized by all the features of the claimed invention.

Therefore, the claimed invention meets the requirement of "Novelty" under the current law.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

Figure 1 shows the design of the sprinkler Assembly - rear view.

Figure 2 - the same, top view.

Figure 3 is a view As in figure 2.

Figure 4 - sprinkler Nashik is - the cross-section.

Figure 5 - sprinkler nozzle - top view.

Information confirming the possibility of implementing the claimed invention are as follows.

Sprinkler Assembly includes a crankshaft irrigation pipeline 1 with the intake pipe 2 via a flexible hose connected with the hydrant to the pipeline closed irrigation network. Cranked the pipeline 1 is based on a two-wheeled cart 3 and unicycle supports 4, which are placed in the irrigated field on row crops. The Central two-wheeled cart 5 is driven, and it is the drive motor 6. The Central two-wheeled cart 5 mounted on the bracket 7 for driving the sprinkler unit. The bracket 7 is connected to a bracket 8 mounted on two-wheeled carts 3 traction cables 9. On the upper neck cranked irrigation pipe 1 located at a height of 2.5-3.0 m from the soil surface, installed sprinkler nozzle 10.

The drive to the wheels of the Central two-wheeled carts 5 from a drive motor 6 is made by means of a chain 11. Sprinkler nozzle 10 is connected to a crankshaft of irrigation pipe 1 through the inlet pipe 12 of a length greater than the radius of the supporting wheels of the pipeline and is 1.0 to 1.2 m Internal diameter 13 podvodyatsya should ensure the passage of water with a flow rate of 1.0-2.0 l/C. The bottom 14 spoonlike sprinkler nozzles 10 are made in a parabolic curved surface. On the bottom 14 is provided with a curvilinear edge dividers 15, manufactured by parabolic curves.

Sprinkling unit operates as follows.

Before irrigation sprinkler unit is installed on the box so that two-wheeled cart 3 and unicycle support 4 is placed at the row spacing. The inlet pipe 2 is connected with a flexible hose and hydrant to the pipeline closed irrigation network.

Turns on the water supply in the crank irrigation pipeline 1, and sprinkler nozzles 10 produce a fine sprinkling on a given position. While the soil moisture and leafy mass of plants is only possible until the centerline of the wheels supporting two-wheeled trolleys 3, that is, in the rear part of the sprinkler Assembly.

Ahead of the sprinkler unit, the soil remains dry. After issuing irrigation norms on the installed position, the operator turns off the irrigation pipe from the hydrant, disconnect the flexible hose makes draining water from the irrigation pipe 1 through a drain valve (not shown). After draining the water from the drip line turns on the drive motor 6, and sprinkling unit moves to a new position. When moving krons the Ein 7 through the ropes 9 affects the brackets 8 two-wheeled trolleys 3, and sprinkling unit front moves to a new position. Since the reference wheel trucks 3 and unicycle supports 4 are on a dry soil surface, the force on the moving sprinkler unit to be insignificant.

Crankshaft duct design allows the passage of the upper cervical crankshaft pipeline over tall plants without damaging them.

Sprinkling unit, including irrigation pipe made sectional and equipped with sprinkler nozzles, wheel bearings, drive located in the middle of the Central section and couplings for connection sections, wherein the irrigation pipe is made of a bent, the lower cervical cranked pipe placed on a supporting wheels mounted on the rows of crops, and on the top of the neck of a bent pipe placed sprinkler heads, and upper cervical cranked pipe placed over the soil surface at a height of 2.5-3.0 m, bearings crankshaft of the pipeline are two-wheeled supporting truck, installed along the edges of the pipe and in the Central part with the driving motor unicycle and support, over the anchor trolleys and wheel bearings provided by the brackets, connected by cables with bracket results in the Noah trucks, sprinkler nozzle is made with a spoonlike baffle, bottom spoonlike deflector nozzles made in a parabolic curved surface, and the bottom is provided with a curvilinear edge dividers, made by a parabolic curve, with sprinkler nozzles connected with irrigation pipe with the inlet tube of a length greater than the radius of the supporting wheels of the pipeline and is 1,0-1,2 m



 

Same patents:

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srsid1275967

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FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.

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10 cl, 11 dwg

Sprinkler unit // 2248118

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.

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4 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.

EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.

3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.

SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.

EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.

4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.

EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.

9 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.

EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.

7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.

SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.

4 dwg

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