Synthetic detergent "b-max proffesional family automat"

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention is meant for soaking, washing and bleaching all types of textile articles, except articles from natural silk and wool, in any kind of machine, and also hand wash. Substance contains in % mass: an anionic surfactant 7-15, nonionic surfactant oxyethylated fatty alcohol 2-5, sodium tripolyphosphate 15-25, sodium ethylene-diaminotetraacetate (versene) 0.3-1, polycarboxylate, containing monomers of acrylic acid 0.2-0.6, carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) (in terms of 100% of the share of the main substance) 0.4-0.6, sodium silicate (in terms of SiO2) - 2-5, sodium perborate or sodium percarbonate (in terms of activated oxygen) 1.5-4, tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED) 0.5-3, enzymes 0.4-1, caustic ash 5-15, mixture of sodium carbonate and amorphous sodium silicate 2-5, optical brightener 0.05-0.4, perfume 0.1-0.3, sodium sulphate and water till 100.

EFFECT: increase in the effectiveness of the detergent with a whitening effect, removal of all kinds of dirt while adding extra softness without an irritating effect on the skin during hand washing, reducing the temperature regimes of washing, reduction in the harmful effect to the metallic part of the washing machine.

9 cl, 2 tbl

 

The technical field

The invention relates to compositions of powdered synthetic detergent (CMC) and is intended for soaking, washing and bleaching of all kinds of textile products, other than products made of natural silk and wool, in machines of any type, as well as for hand washing.

The level of technology

The trend of development of formulations of synthetic detergents is to develop compounds that combine high ability in relation to contamination of different nature with bleaching ability at low temperatures. It is also desirable beneficial effects of CMC on the fabric, which consists in the lack of inlays, sleek effect, strengthening the brightness of the dyed fabrics and the lack of education of the pellets, as well as reduce the harmful effect of composition on the metal parts washing machines (corrosion and scale formation). It is also important decrease irritant effect on the skin when hand washing.

The number of known compounds, to a certain extent to meet this requirement. For example, it is known detergent Laundry detergent containing anionic and nonionic surfactants (surfactant), sodium tripolyphosphate, porous crystalline polysilicate sodium, sodium silicate, carboxymethylcellulose, chemical bleach stabilizer, soda calcinaro annoy, optical Brightener, perfume, sodium sulfate and water (SU 1225851 And 23.04.1986, C11D 3/08).

The disadvantage of this tool is the high content of silicates in detergent, which leads to poor solubility tools in water, low detergency and bleaching abilities. In addition, the lack of production of layered silicates of the domestic industry and their high prices abroad are difficult issue available to the consumer detergent.

Also known detergent with air-conditioning effect, containing surfactants, soluble complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate, useful additives - sodium bicarbonate and carbon dioxide, sodium chloride, fillers - sodium silicate, sodium sulfate, antiresonant - carboxymethyl cellulose, optical brighteners, perfume, antifoam, water (EN 2167190, C11D 3/20, 2000).

The main disadvantage of the known detergent is insufficient washing ability tools and universalist, i.e. the impossibility of its application for all types of underwear, especially for color, as it is flushing paint. In addition, during long-term storage of detergent is the deterioration of its quality: caking and clumping, which generally reduces its cleaning ability.

Known CMC for washing and bleaching at low temperatures, which content is tons of anion active and non-ionic surfactants, which use a mixture of Las sodium or its mixture with alkylsulfonates sodium or sodium salts of fatty acids with polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of stearic acid and/or ethoxylated fatty alcohols and, if necessary, with the ethoxylated alkyl phenols, antiresonance - soluble sodium silicate and sodium carboxymethylcellulose, complexing agents - sodium tripolyphosphate, colored granular sodium tripolyphosphate RHODIA-PHOS, sodium ethylenediaminetetraacetate (Trilon b) and the sodium salt of nitrilotriacetic acid (Trilon A), percarbonate sodium, tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED) and useful additives - sodium salt of copolymer of acrylic and maleic acids, enzymes, soda ash, optical bleach the fragrance of the perfume, the filler is sodium sulfate and water (EN 2177985 C1, 10.01.2002, 11D 1/83).

But known detergent has a high content of oxygen bleach and unstable during long-term storage-the powder is compressed, changing the color of the actual funds due to the instability of the composition to oxidation, is clumping, which reduces its quality and detergency of the funds. In addition, the tissues may re-deposition of contaminants and their lack of softener.

The closest technical solution is receiving is a synthetic detergent, containing in wt.%: 6-16 anionic surface-active agents (surfactants), 2.0 to 3.0 nonionic surfactant is a sodium salt carboxymethylamino of ethoxylate of isononylphenol - "sinterol", 20,0-25,0 of sodium tripolyphosphate or 20,0-23,0 of sodium tripolyphosphate and 2.0-3.0 sodium citrate, 8.0 to 10.0 peroksigidrat urea, 0.5 to 0.6 carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC), 2,5-3,0 glass liquid sodium, 2.0 to 5.0 soda ash, 0.2-0.3 polyvinylpyrrolidone, 0.2 and 0.3 optical Brightener, from 0.3 to 1.0 defoamer, from 0.005 to 0.20 4-methyl-2,6-ditertbutyl, 0,005-0.200 odorants, 0.4-0.8 enzymes, the filler is sodium sulfate and water to 100 (EN 2230104 C1, 10.06.2004).

The main disadvantage of this composition is relatively low cleaning ability, especially at low washing temperatures, weak sleek action, the applicability of the formulation only for washing cotton and linen fabrics.

The present invention is the development and creation of CMC powder with improved characteristics, in particular high detergency and bleaching abilities at low washing temperatures, resulting in soft-washed fabric and minimal acting on the metal parts washing machines.

Technical results of the claimed invention are: to improve the efficiency detergent with bleaching efficiency is that remove all kinds of dirt to give the fabric more soft and no irritation to the skin during hand washing, reducing temperature regimes washing, as well as reducing harmful effects on the metal parts washing machines.

These technical results are achieved by the fact that powdered synthetic detergent, contains the following components in wt.%:

Anionic surface-active substance (SAS)7,0-15,0
Nonionic surfactants -
ethoxylated fatty alcohols2,0-5,0
Sodium tripolyphosphate15,0-25,0
Ethylendiaminetetraacetic sodium (Trilon B)0.3 to 1.0
Polycarboxylate containing monomers
acrylic acid0,2-0,6
Carboxymethylcellulose (CMC)
(in recalculation on 100% by weight. share basic substance)0,4-0,6
Sodium silicate (in terms of SiO2)2,0-5,0
Perborate sodium or percarbonate sodium
(in terms of active oxygen)1,5-4,0
Tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED)0,5-3,0
Enzymes0,4-1,0
Soda ash5,0-15,0
A mixture of sodium carbonate
and amorphous sodium silicate2,0-5,0
Optical bleach0,05-0,4
Perfumeof 0.1-0.3
The sodium sulfate and water100

In addition, the CMC of the present invention may additionally contain 0.1 to 0.5 wt.% antifoam and 0.5-3 wt.% sodium tripolyphosphate painted.

The combination of selected components in the selected ratio allows to obtain the CMC with improved properties with more affordable price, making the claimed detergent attractive to wider consumers.

High washing ability of the proposed structure and soft effect on the fabric is provided, in addition to surfactants, optimally selected staff complexing agents, antiresonance, useful additives and fillers.

As anionic surfactants can be used alkylbenzenesulfonate sodium soap of a mixture of coconut oil and distilled fatty acids of palm oil.

As the conditioning agent used coconut oil GOST 1076-64. Coconut oil has softening and moisturizing properties. With the inclusion of coconut oil in the detergent composition, it makes the fabric more soft and not dry or irritate the skin of the hands during washing. In addition, the soap from coconut oil acts as a co-surfactant, which has a positive effect on the ability of the claimed CMC.

As nonionic surfactants can be used ethoxylated fatty alcohols, such as Sentenal ACSA-12 (a mixture polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of primary alcohols fraction C16-C20or Sentenal ALM-10 (mix polyoxyethyleneglycol esters of primary alcohols fraction12-C20).

As complexing agents are used, sodium tripolyphosphate, and ethylendiaminetetraacetic sodium (Trilon B). In addition, the aesthetic properties of the powder can be used a mixture of sodium tripolyphosphate and coated sodium tripolyphosphate. The use of colored granules of sodium tripolyphosphate makes it more attractive to the consumer the appearance of the powder. Optimally selected content of complexing agents in the composition of the claimed CMC prevents the formation of scale on metal parts washing machines (especially the heating elements) and greatly increases their lifespan. So, when using savla is my system in a laboratory washing samples (250 washings), not found the formation of scale and corrosion.

Using polycarboxylate containing monomers of acrylic acid, such as Sokolan RA 30 CL, and/or Sokolan HP-22, and/or Acusol 497 N, and/or it also In-1, and/or it also SP-5, and/or it also AMK-10, prevents re-deposition of dirt on the fabric, to improve the appearance of products, to prevent the formation of pellets to increase the activity of surfactants and to increase the ability of the tool.

In addition, especially preferred is the use as antiresorption additive mixture of carboxymethylcellulose and Sokalan HP-22.

The use of a mixture of sodium carbonate and amorphous sodium silicate (Naion 15) as modifying additives can reduce the content of tripolyphosphate in the composition of the CMC, prevents the formation of limescale due to the effective binding in the washing solution of calcium ions and magnesium, resulting in significantly enhances the ability of the tool.

As sodium silicate use glass sodium liquid according to GOST 13078-81 made from sodium silicate soluble GOST 50418-92, which acts as an activator of the washing steps and simultaneously provides an alkaline environment, and also inhibits corrosivus action of the detergent.

Oxygenated bleach system peroksoborat is the atrium (perborate sodium) or peroxisomal sodium carbonate (percarbonate sodium) at the declared content of said oxygen bleach in combination with other components of the CMC allows you to achieve the whitening ability means 145-150% GOST 22567.11-82.

As enzymes using drugs enzyme Catalase Ultra or Everlase/Durnil (5,3/14) or Everlase/Durabil/Celluthin(6/12/0,1) or Perfect Ox Blend 102 E or Perfect Ox Blend 105 E, containing protease, amylase, lipolase. The presence in the composition of detergent enzymes allows you to remove stubborn deposits, such as protein, starch and blood stains, freshens fabric and prevents the formation of pellets.

As optical brighteners used Belfor KD-2CM and Tinopal CBS-X, or Belfor KD-2C and Relax VPA-T, or Belfor KD-2C and Tinopal CBS-X, or Relax OTHERS, or Belfor KD-2C and Relax VPA, or Belfor KD-2C and Trevor A-25, Paravit DMS and Tinopal CBS-X, or other commercially available optical brighteners.

As antifoam use 100%, for example, the active liquid silicone defoamer containing hydrophobic silica and polydimethylsiloxane (DOW CORNING Q2-3425)®and other commercially available defoamers.

Synthetic detergent of the present invention receive on the existing technological equipment by the method of spray drying a detergent composition prepared in the cascade of consecutive reactors.

Powdered synthetic detergent of the present invention is aracterized high consumer properties, technological, economical in manufacture and in use. The composition is based on available commodity components produced mainly domestic chemical industry.

The examples in table 1 illustrate the invention without limiting its scope.

Table 1
Components CMCContent in wt.%
1234
Anionic surfactants8,010,0to 12.015,0
Soap of a mixture of coconut oil and JC palm oil1,02,04,05,0
Nonionic surfactants - Sentenal2,5-3,55,0
ACSA-12 or Sentenal ALM-10-3,0--
Sodium tripolyphosphate15.016,018,025,0
Sodium tripolyphosphate painted-2,01,0-
Trilon B0,30,50,81,0
Polycarboxylate containing acrylic monomers is howling acid 0,20,450,50,6
CMC0,400,50,550,60
Sodium silicate2,03,04,05,0
Perborate sodium or

percarbonate sodium (in terms of active oxygen)
1,5

-
-

2,5
3,0

-
-

4,0
TAED0,51,02,0,3,0
Enzymes0,40,70,81.0
Soda ash5,010,013,015,0
A mixture of sodium carbonate and amorphous sodium silicate2,04,04,55.0
Optical bleach0,050,150,30,4
Antifoam-0,3-0,5
Perfume0,10,20,250,3
The sodium sulfate and water100100100100

Ability to determine with whom undertim methods GOST 22567.15-95 as the ratio of the degree of removal of the contamination of the test solution of detergent to the extent of removing the pollution solution composition comparison on artificially contaminated pigment-oil and protein composition of cotton fabric at a temperature of 80 and 40°in a laboratory washing machine.

Whitening ability is determined in accordance with GOST 22567.11.82 relative growth of white fabric at bleaching test detergent to the growth of the white of the same fabric bleaching composition comparison (temperature 90°C, the concentration of a solution of 10 g/l, 30 minutes).

The height of the column of foam is determined according to GOST 22567.1-77.

Sleek effect was estimated by RD 6-40-00209645.2.1-92 "Tools auxiliary for the treatment of textile products after washing. Means for rinsing of textiles "Method of determining the sleek effect. The results are given for samples obtained in industrial conditions (see table 2).

Table 2
Example No.Washing capacity %Whitening ability %Sleek action point.The height of the column of foamThe formation of scale and corrosion
1134,9145,075,059,0no
2137,8150,076,058,0no
3 to 135.2147,076,556,0no
4136,0148,078,055,0no
EN 2230104129,0135,0no data60,0no data

Based on data presented, we can conclude that synthetic detergent of the present invention allows to expand the range of high-quality CMC has high consumer properties, has a high washing, sleek and whitening ability. In addition, we offer the detergent composition has a much lower than that of the prototype, the height of the column of foam that allows wide use in modern high-speed automatic washing machines, as well as to decrease harmful influence on the metal parts washing machines (corrosion and scale).

1. Synthetic detergent containing the following components, wt%:

anionic surface-active substance (SAS)7,0-15,0
nonionic surfactant is ethoxylated
fatty alcohols2,0-5,0
tripolite the phat sodium 15,0-25,0
ethylendiaminetetraacetic sodium (Trilon B)0.3 to 1.0
polycarboxylate containing monomers
acrylic acid0,2-0,6
carboxymethylcellulose (CMC)
(in recalculation on 100 wt.% share basic substance)0,4-0,6
sodium silicate (in terms of SiO2)2,0-5,0
perborate sodium or percarbonate sodium
(in terms of active oxygen)1,5-4,0
tetraacetylethylenediamine (TAED)0,5-3,0
enzymes0,4-1,0
soda ash5,0-15,0
a mixture of sodium carbonate
and amorphous sodium silicate2,0-5,0
optical bleach0,05-0,4
perfumeof 0.1-0.3
the sodium sulfate and water100

2. The tool according to claim 1, characterized in that it further contains sodium tripolyphosphate painted in the amount of 0.5-3 wt.%.

3. The tool according to claim 1, characterized in that it further contains 0.1 to 0.5 wt.% defoamer.

4. The tool according to claim 1, from causesa fact, as anionic surfactants can be used alkylbenzenesulfonate sodium soap of a mixture of coconut oil and distilled fatty acids of palm oil.

5. The tool according to claim 1, characterized in that as the nonionic surfactants used Sintana ACSA-12 or Sentenal ALM-10.

6. The tool according to claim 1, characterized in that as polycarboxylate containing monomers of acrylic acid, use Sokolan RA 30 CL, and/or Acusol 497N, and/or it also In-1, and/or it also SP-5, and/or it also AMK-10, and/or Sokolan HP-22.

7. The tool according to claim 6, characterized in that it contains the Sokolan HP-22, Sokolan RA 30 CL or Acusol 497N, or it also In-1, or it also SP-5, or it also AMK-10.

8. The tool according to claim 1, characterized in that as the sodium silicate used glass sodium liquid, obtained from sodium silicate soluble.

9. The tool according to claim 1, characterized in that as enzymes using drugs enzyme Catalase Ultra, or Everlase/Durnil (5,3/14), or Everlase/Durabil/Celluthin (6/12/0,1), or Perfect Ox Blend 102 E, or Perfect Ox Blend 105 E, containing protease, amylase, lipolase.



 

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