Method of masonry

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, namely to methods of walls erection. Method of masonry that stipulates for binding of construction element adjacent sides by masonry mortar and thus shaping lower horizontal row of wall, further formation of other above-located horizontal rows of wall with bonding by means of construction element adjacent facets binding by masonry mortar from the ones laid in every horizontal row located below, and from other construction elements that form the new horizontal row, with the possibility to form heat accumulating hollows between facets of construction elements of neighboring rows. Besides after formation of every horizontal row of wall, at first rows of strings are placed on this row on top along its length, parallel to erected wall, and masonry mortar is applied in strips above every row of strings, thus forming longitudinal channels parallel to wall on surfaces of horizontal rows from construction elements between rows of strings, and the channels form chambers of heat accumulating cavities inside the wall during masonry mortar hardening between joined surfaces of neighboring horizontal rows of construction elements.

EFFECT: provision of heat-shielding properties of erected wall and masonry manufacturability, reduction of erected wall thickness and lower consumption of masonry mortar.

4 cl, 1 tbl, 6 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, and in particular to methods of masonry walls.

A known method of construction of the exterior walls of the standard building elements, including laying rows with ligation of the vertical joints, and construction elements of adjacent rows are equipped with a combination of voids and bandaging of seams produced in two series (awts of the USSR №985216, CL EV 2/14, 1981).

The disadvantage of this method lies in the complexity of work in the construction of walls, since it requires a specific orientation of building elements when they are laying in the block in two rows one above the other, aligning the holes, and thus obtained integrated blocks only partially solve the problem to improve the insulating qualities of the wall in General, because they are placed in solution, deposited on a solid bed adjacent block, formed of two building elements, which leaves the connection between two blocks of "cold bridges" and leads to increased consumption, masonry mortar, due to the presence of vertical cavities. Currently used for masonry construction elements in the form of bricks, masonry, blocks, etc. usually are connected with cement-sand mortar, which is the main conductor of cold ("cold bridge") in the capital walls, because the freezing wall about what comes at the seams, therefore, thermal requirements, you must multiply the full rows of bricks in the wall to compensate for significant heat losses through the mortar joints.

Closest to the claimed technical solution is the way masonry walls, providing the binding mortar adjacent faces of the construction elements and the formation, thus, the bottom horizontal row of the wall, the subsequent formation with ligation of other upstream horizontal rows walls by binding mortar adjacent faces of the construction elements of the already laid in each, formed below a horizontal row, and from other construction elements forming a new horizontal row, with the possibility of forming a heat-retaining cavities between the faces of the bricks of adjacent numbers (Patent RF №2304674, publ. 2007.08.20).

This method of masonry walls can improve thermal insulation properties of constructed buildings.

However, this is the closest to the claimed method of masonry walls are not effective enough, because it is applicable only when using building elements with design features that can provide thermal protection of walls erected structure. In addition, this method is not productive enough, because of construction the x characteristics of building elements requires a certain amount of their orientation with masonry walls and as a result, this increased attention builders.

The invention solves the problem of providing thermal insulation properties of constructed facilities and the economic efficiency of construction.

The technical result from the use of the invention is to provide a heat-shielding properties of the erected wall, technology of masonry, the thickness decrease of the erected walls and reducing consumption masonry mortar due to the formation on the surfaces of horizontal rows of building elements longitudinally parallel to the wall of the channels forming the inside wall solidification masonry mortar between the abutting surfaces of adjacent horizontal rows of building elements thermal storage cavities.

This technical result is achieved in that in the method of the masonry walls, providing the binding mortar adjacent faces of the construction elements and the formation, thus, the bottom horizontal row of the wall, the subsequent formation with ligation of other upstream horizontal rows walls by binding mortar adjacent faces of the construction elements of the already laid in each, formed below a horizontal row, and from other construction elements forming a new horizontal row, with the possibility the completion of the formation of heat-retaining voids between the edges of building elements of adjacent rows, after forming each horizontal row of the wall initially placed on this row from the top along its length, parallel to the wall erected rows of twine and mortar put the strips on top of each row of twine, cordage, forming, thus, on the surfaces of horizontal rows of building elements between the rows of twine longitudinally parallel to the wall channels forming the inside wall solidification masonry mortar between the abutting surfaces of adjacent horizontal rows of building elements thermal storage cavities.

Laying rows of twine on the grid allows to reduce the consumption of solution when using building elements with vertical channels in the body.

The use of building elements with through channels in the construction of walls helps to improve their thermal insulation properties due to the formation of the body of each building element additional heat-retaining hollow channels.

Use in the construction of walls of building elements made of porous material also improves thermal insulation properties of the building structures due to the formation of the body of each building element additional heat-retaining cavities.

An example of a masonry wall are presented in the illustrations:

1, 4 - corner buildings in axonom the tree;

2, 5 - second row styling of the building erected;

Figure 3 - cross section a-a in figure 2 (a wall of solid construction element);

6 is a cross-section a-a in figure 5 (a wall of a building element with vertical channels).

Masonry walls (figure 1 and figure 4) with the required thermal resistance for different conditions is carried out in the following sequence.

The formation of the lower horizontal row 1 wall starting from the corner of the building (figure 1). When using standard building elements 2 without through channels in the body, i.e. from a solid building elements, including building elements made of porous material, after installation of construction elements 2 of the bottom row of the wall on top of them along the length of the line, parallel to the erected wall stack rows of twine 3 (figure 2 and figure 3). Then on top of each row of twine 3 stripes on them cause mortar 4, forming, thus, on the surfaces of horizontal rows of building elements between the rows of twine 3 longitudinally parallel to the wall channels 5, forming the inside wall solidification masonry mortar between the abutting surfaces of adjacent horizontal rows of building elements thermal storage cavities.

After that, similarly form the other upstream of the walls is.

The formation of longitudinally parallel to the wall of the channels 5, forming the inside wall solidification masonry mortar between the abutting surfaces of adjacent horizontal rows of building elements thermal storage cavities, reduces the thickness of the walls erected, and application of masonry mortar only 4 on top of each row of twine 3 reduces several times its consumption due to its distribution only part of the surface horizontal rows of building elements, and not over the entire area of its surface.

The presence of multi-chamber heat-retaining cavities 5 in the wall prevents the cooling air inside the wall in any of its sections, providing the effect of a thermos, their permeability increases, i.e. increases their ability to "breathe". Resulting in a natural way adjustable humidity of the air inside buildings in the inner areas there is a favorable microclimate close to the microclimate of wooden houses.

Education in the construction of walls multi-chamber heat-retaining cavities 5 allows to provide thermal isolation in the seams of a pair of building elements and to increase thermal resistance of the walls, excluding them from freezing, due to the absence of "cold bridges".

In addition, placement teplick who promote cavities 5 in the inner space of the walls eliminates formation within them condensate.

When used in the construction of a standard building elements 2 with vertical channels 6 in the body (figure 4, 5 and 6) after the installation of construction elements of the bottom row of the wall, they are first placed in a grid 7, and then on top of it rows have twine 3 and put them masonry mortar 4. Laying grid 7 reduces masonry mortar 4 that falls when it is applied in the vertical channels 6 building elements 2. After that, similarly form the other of the upstream rows of walls.

Use in the construction of walls of building elements with through channels contributes to their thermal insulation properties due to the formation of the body of each building element additional heat-retaining hollow channels.

Use in the construction of walls of building elements made of porous material also improves thermal insulation properties of the building structures due to the formation of the body of each building element additional heat-retaining cavities.

However, the document SNiP II - 3-79 "Construction firing" set energy efficiency standards for masonry walls of different wall materials. Table 1 shows the characteristics of the wall material, attesting to that.

Table 1
MaterialDensity, kg/m3Coefficient of thermal conductivity W/(m·°)The wall thickness at

R0PR=3.15 m
The mass of 1 m2wall, kg
Clay brick solid17000,812,54250
Clay brick, voidness 20%14000,431,351900
Silicate brick18000,872,74860
Clay brick, porysowany8000,180,55450
Aerated concrete (AAC)500-6000,16-0,190,5-0,6250-360
The claydite-concrete500 -12000,23-0,520,72-1,64360-1970
Polystyrene concrete150-400the 0.05-0.10,16-0,3224-128

The use of the proposed method of masonry walls will reduce the standard thickness of the walls of the building erected in comparison with established standards.

Thus, the set of essential features for the formation of n the surfaces of the horizontal rows of building elements between the rows of twine longitudinally parallel to the wall of the channels, forming a solidification inside the wall between the abutting surfaces of adjacent horizontal rows of building elements thermal storage cavities, precluding the formation of "cold joints", allows you to use in the construction of walls standard building elements, to provide thermal protection of walls, the manufacturability of their masonry, to reduce the thickness of the erected walls and reduce the consumption of masonry mortar.

In addition, the use of the proposed method of masonry walls provides damping and attaches to the walls of the optimal dynamic performance, providing the ability to withstand prolonged vibration.

Using the proposed method of masonry walls can withstand the specified building regulations thermal design parameters of the building walls and to ensure the economic efficiency of construction due to its cheaper and faster.

1. The way masonry walls, providing the binding mortar adjacent faces of the construction elements and the formation, thus, the bottom horizontal row of the wall, the subsequent formation with ligation of other upstream horizontal rows walls by binding mortar adjacent faces of the construction elements of the already laid in each set below SF is marovany horizontal row, and other building elements forming a new horizontal row, with the possibility of formation of heat-retaining voids between the edges of building elements of adjacent rows, wherein after forming each horizontal row of the wall initially placed on this row from the top along its length parallel to the wall erected rows of twine and mortar put the strips on top of each row of twine, cordage, forming, thus, on the surfaces of horizontal rows of building elements between the rows of twine longitudinally parallel to the wall channels forming the inside wall solidification masonry mortar between the abutting surfaces of adjacent horizontal rows of building elements thermal storage cavities.

2. The way of masonry walls according to claim 1, characterized in that prior to laying rows of twine formed on a horizontal row of building elements initially placed in a grid.

3. The way of masonry walls according to claim 2, characterized in that the construction of the wall using construction elements with vertical channels in the body.

4. The way of masonry walls according to claim 2, characterized in that the construction of the wall using construction elements made of porous material.



 

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Method of masonry // 2346117

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of construction, namely to methods of walls erection. Method of masonry that stipulates for binding of construction element adjacent sides by masonry mortar and thus shaping lower horizontal row of wall, further formation of other above-located horizontal rows of wall with bonding by means of construction element adjacent facets binding by masonry mortar from the ones laid in every horizontal row located below, and from other construction elements that form the new horizontal row, with the possibility to form heat accumulating hollows between facets of construction elements of neighboring rows. Besides after formation of every horizontal row of wall, at first rows of strings are placed on this row on top along its length, parallel to erected wall, and masonry mortar is applied in strips above every row of strings, thus forming longitudinal channels parallel to wall on surfaces of horizontal rows from construction elements between rows of strings, and the channels form chambers of heat accumulating cavities inside the wall during masonry mortar hardening between joined surfaces of neighboring horizontal rows of construction elements.

EFFECT: provision of heat-shielding properties of erected wall and masonry manufacturability, reduction of erected wall thickness and lower consumption of masonry mortar.

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