Energy-producing floating platform

FIELD: engineering industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to water power engineering, and namely to water-borne vehicles producing electric energy used for external consumers and for its own movement. Energy-producing floating platform consists of a triangular-shaped platform with a power unit, which is elevated above water surface by means of columns, floats, piston-type pumps, and supports which are hinged to columns. Floating platform is equipped with wind impellers installed on brackets and being synchronously rotated by propelling screws with wheels. Between each support and float arranged are piston-type pumps. Inside each column there is an axle on lower end of which there installed is a propelling screw and a wheel, and the other axle end is taken out above the platform surface and is provided with a pulley. Over pulleys there passed is a flexible rope pulled over by a steering mechanism.

EFFECT: designing the maneuvering self-moving energy-producing floating platform which is capable of autonomous movement on water surface.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to hydropower. In particular - to the craft, producing electric power for external devices and to move them around using the excitement of the water surface and strength of the wind, and for floating platforms, raised on poles above the water surface.

Known wind machine (FR 2468003 And 30.04.1981). The apparatus consists of a platform on which the two brackets are installed wind impeller. One ends of the arms are connected by the axis. The other ends of the brackets with rollers and are able to move along the curved guide. This design allows you to change the speed of rotation of the impellers by changing the angle between the brackets. For example, in stormy weather to avoid damage, you can reduce the angle between the brackets, thereby reducing and speed of rotation of the impellers, as well as the drag of the entire apparatus. All impeller mechanical joint and rotate one generator. For automatic adjustment of the angle between the brackets depending on wind strength, there is a special pressure sensor and an actuator.

Also known wave power unit (SU 1532722 A1, 30.12.1989), which can be chosen as a prototype. The unit is designed to generate electricity and is a platform triangular fo what we raised on three pillars, piers and floats above the water surface. The platform is equipped with nine cylinders with rods, components of piston pumps. Support with racks pivotally connected with the platform, and the floats are articulated with the supports. Between the supports and the floats are installed on nine piston pumps. When the excitement of the water surface floats and support make complex oscillations, moving the piston rods of the pumps, which in turn pump the working fluid in the power unit includes a battery and a turbine generator.

The disadvantages of the installation lies in the fact that it is stationary and anchored to reinstall requires the use of additional vehicles, such as tugs. In addition, difficult to conduct on the platform underwater repair and maintenance, because the installation is constantly in the water, and to transfer it on land it is necessary to use lifting equipment.

The invention solves the problem of creating maneuverable self-propelled energy generation platform Vologda (EIT), is able to walk on the water surface.

To achieve this technical result of energy generation platform-wholehog comprising a platform triangular with unit, which is slightly raised above the water surface with aikah, floats, piston pumps, supports, pivotally mounted on racks according to the invention, equipped with a wind impeller, mounted on the brackets and synchronously rotatable screw propulsion with wheels, while between each anchor and float posted by piston pumps, inside each rack passes the axis at the lower end of which has screw propulsion and wheel, and the other end of the axis displayed on the surface of the platform and provided with a pulley, the pulleys hung a flexible cable, drag-and-drop the steering mechanism.

Floats EPV equipped with a screw propellers, powered by the energy generated by elements of the same platform, as well as wheels that will facilitate the transportation of this pest on the land for carrying out maintenance and repair works. To increase the maneuverability of the platform thrusters are mounted on axes, the axes of the pulleys are connected mechanically (with flexible cable) and synchronously rotated in either direction by means of the steering mechanism.

The device EPV shown in figure 1 and figure 2, which shows a top and side view, respectively.

EPV is a platform 1 is triangular in shape, resting on three of the float 2 and the seat 3. Between each pillar and the float is placed on three piston pump 4. Supports mounted on the uprights 5. Inside the rack passes the axis 6,on the lower end of which is mounted a screw propeller 7 and the wheel 8. The other end of the axis displayed on the surface of the platform and provided with a pulley 9. All three pulleys on the axes connected by a flexible cable 10 passing through the steering mechanism 11. On the platform are two of the bracket 12, the joint axis 13. The other ends of the brackets are provided with rollers (in the drawing not shown), which can roll along the arcuate groove of the guide 14. The brackets are installed wind impeller 15. The fore part of the platform is equipped with a breakwater 16. All the energy generated by piston pumps and wind blades, concentrated in unit 17, which includes the battery and the turbine generator.

Energy generation platform-wholehog works as follows.

When the agitation of the water surface floats 2 and a support 3 make complex oscillations, moving pivotally connected with the piston rods of the pumps 4. In this case, the rod piston pumps provide reciprocating movement of the pump and the working fluid in the power unit 17. If the wind simultaneously driven in rotation of the wind impeller 15. When exceeding the wind speed valid values, as well as to reduce windage platform and reduce the speed of wind blades, the angle of attack α between the brackets 12 can be changed. For this purpose the brackets with rollers that happen to each other on dogoo the different rail 14. For the movement of this pest on the water surface are driven screw propellers 7, fed by the energy accumulated by the unit. For maneuvering (turning) platform screw propellers installed on the axles 6, synchronously rotated in one direction or another. The spread is the steering mechanism 11 by pulling the cable 10, thrown over the pulleys 9. For carrying out maintenance and repair works EPV can be pulled ashore on an inclined surface with a hard surface, or on the track by means of a winch or his swing. While EIT is rolling on wheels 8, and the floats stopped.

Energy generation platform-wholehog comprising a platform triangular with unit, which is slightly raised above the water surface on the racks, floats, piston pumps, bearings, swivel stand-mounted, characterized in that the platform-wholehog equipped with wind impellers mounted on the brackets and synchronously rotatable screw propulsion with wheels, while between each anchor and float posted by piston pumps, inside each rack passes the axis at the lower end of which has screw propulsion and wheel, and the other end of the axis displayed on the surface of the platform and provided with a pulley, the pulleys hung a flexible cable, drag-and-drop Rulev the m mechanism.



 

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