Device for preparation of foodstuff

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: device for preparation of foodstuff, includes: the ceramic working chamber, a neck, covers, demountable swords, an electroheating element and places for installation of an electroheating element. The device is supplied by side ceramic walls with the external both internal sides and the ceramic bottom, organising together the integral ceramic case. In the case the working chamber of the egg-shaped turned shape is located. The chamber is narrowed to the ceramic bottom which width is twice augmented in relation to width of a side ceramic wall. The vertical ceramic edges are established in the working chamber on its perimetre. The vertical ceramic edges organise intercostal space. On lateral aspect of a side ceramic wall the control block is established. Over the control block viaholes for possibility of a safe output and connection of an electroheating element to the control block are executed. Places for installation of an electroheating element are executed in the form of the upper element of strengthening and the lower element of strengthening. Over the upper element of strengthening and under the lower element of strengthening on ceramic side walls additional viaholes over and under vertical edges for arrangement possibility in them of a wood material of the cylindrical shape for strengthening of effect of smoke aromatiser are executed. In the lower part of the case on a ceramic bottom the metal cupped tray-reflector is established. The Tray-reflector has a rack in the upper part in the middle. In a rack the capacity for a location in it of a liquid product is established. The lower aromatiser is established over the capacity with a metal grid and the lower reflector. The upper part of the ceramic case from an outer side is executed in the form of the bent ceramic neck. The ratio of diameter of the upper section of a neck to diameter of the lower section of a ceramic bottom makes 1.0-1.5. From the inside the ceramic neck has recess in the form of a neck. On a neck the demountable ceramic washer with internal sawcuts and a small ceramic cap with a protuberance on which it is established upper aromatiser with a metal grid and the upper reflector is established. Under a ceramic washer on a neck the metal reflector is established. The metal reflector under the shape corresponds to an outline of a washer and is executed with internal sawcuts. In a sawcut on identical distance from the upper aromatiser metal demountable swords with side slots for possibility of threading on them of a product are established. For possibility of preparation of an integral product there is established not a neck a big cover with a reflector with installation possibility of one sword for threading of a large product on it.

EFFECT: expansion of technological possibilities of the device, creation of conditions for convenient arranging in the working chamber of various aspects of foodstuff.

7 cl, 7 dwg

 

The present invention relates to food industry, in particular to a device for cooking food by electric shocks, and may find application in household and catering for thermal processing of food products, namely, roasting, frying, stir-frying, cooking, baking, and drying the product.

A device for the manufacture of food products on the published application No. 93025906, CL A23L 1/025, pub. 1995.12.27, which is made of dielectric material chamber with a cover having a protrusion directed into the chamber and overlying its cross-section, on opposite sides of the chamber, two electrodes connected to a source of electrical power, at the top of the camera there are two stops, one of which is fixed and the other can be rotated around the axis.

A device for electro-contact method for preparing food products by patent No. 2058084, CL 23L 1/025, pub. 1996.04.20, which pass through the camera alternating electric current, the camera fills in the range from 0.7 to 0.85 of its volume, and the current is shut off when reaching values 0,7-0,85 from the maximum value of current passing through the chamber.

A common disadvantage of the known analogues is the inability to accurately prepare a food product, due to the lack of the Oia control over the passage of electric current through the cells.

A device for cooking food by patent No. 2122798, CL 23D 4/015, pub. 1998.12.10, which contains the sources of high voltage positive and negative polarity connected via a switch with electric generator ions.

The disadvantage of analog design is the complexity and the complexity of the technological process during cooking, as prefabricated need a long time to stand in the air-ion mixture rich in positively charged ions, which does not allow for quick cooking.

The closest technical solution to the claimed combination of essential features is electrocasnice ceramic decorative patent No. 2253343, CL 47J 37/04, pub. 10.06.2005. Bull. No. 16, which includes a working chamber made in the form of glazed ceramic vessel spherical shape with a hole at the bottom with the legs and upper side of the handle, a cylindrical neck, which is a ring with slots for installation of skewers and cover; wire resistor to elektronagrevatel with specific surface with 0.5-0.7 W/cm2has the conclusions at the bottom of the camera and placed into the grooves of the two ceramic rings located around the perimeter of the working chamber.

About the NACO known analogue is only for frying portions of the pieces of meat marinated in advance, moreover, the cooking process is carried out mostly by hand and requires not only the presence of permanent staff, but also constant monitoring of the cooking process, in addition, there is no possibility of barbecue flavoring liquid aromatic products during frying, which affects the taste of the product. In addition, the presence of holes in the bottom, through which passes not only the heating element, but also during operation of the barbecue at the same time dripping juice and fat through this hole, because there is a gap between the tray and the wall of passage in this gap, which leads not only to a violation of electrical safety, but also disable the heating element for cleaning the bottom upon completion of the work and barbecue.

The technical task proposed to the patenting of the invention is to expand the technological capabilities of the device for preparation of various food products, such as meat and vegetables, creating conditions for comfortable accommodation in the working chamber of the different types of food, the ability to control the cooking process and the readiness of the product in the chamber, as well as ensuring long-term preservation of heat in the working chamber and the preservation of the useful properties of the product at the time at which the food product is in the standby mode to apotre the Department, as well as increasing reliability and safety in operation.

The technical problem is solved in that the device includes a ceramic working chamber, designated landing electric heating device, a mouth and a lid (signs, similar to the closest equivalent), equipped with a set of new features, allowing to obtain a new technical result due to the fact that the device is equipped with two ceramic side walls with inner and outer sides and ceramic bottom, forming together a solid ceramic body is located within the working chamber is inverted ovoid in shape, tapering to a ceramic bottom, the thickness of the ceramic bottom is doubled with respect to the thickness of the ceramic side walls, inside of the working chamber along its perimeter installed vertical ceramic ribs forming intercostal space on the outer side of one of the side ceramic wall mounted control unit, which is a through hole for safe output and connect the electric heating unit to the control unit. Space to install electric heating element made in the form of the upper fastening element and the lower fastening element having any configuration, for example in the form of an extruded to the hook with a tip, and above the upper fastening element and under the lower fastening element on the ceramic side walls made additional through holes above and below the vertical ribs for positioning through them cylindrical wood material to enhance the effect of the smoke flavoring. In the lower part of the body on the ceramic bottom of the metal pan-reflector Cup-shaped form, which in its upper part in the middle has a rack where you installed capacity for insertion of any liquid product over capacity installed lower flavor with a metal grid and the lower reflector. The upper part of the ceramic body on the outer side is made in the form of curved ceramic neck. The ratio of the diameter of the upper section of the neck to the diameter of the lower section of the ceramic bottom is 1.0 to 1.5, and the inner side of the ceramic neck has a recess in the form of a cap which is fitted with removable ceramic washer with a tapered bore, with the inner slots and a small ceramic cap with the tab, which is the top flavor with a metal grid and the top of the reflector, under the ceramic plate on the neck has a metal reflector, whose shape corresponds to the shape of washers and done with in the morning slots, in which at the same distance from the top of flavoring a metal removable swords with side slots for stringing their product, and each metal sword has the neck of a round cylindrical shape, which together with handle is 1/3 of the whole length of metal swords, turning into a flat metal body, and is 2/3 of the length of the entire metal swords pointed at its center by the end. Each sword has a lock swords and clamp for swords, the latter is installed at a pointed end of the sword to commit strung product on the sword and has a hole with two slots, which corresponds to the distance between the opposing grooves on a metal sword, the distance between the slits is equal to the width of the flat body metal swords, and the latch sword rests on the ceramic washer. For preparing solid product in the mouth has a large cover with reflector installed from the side of the working chamber, the hole in the center of the large caps have one of the metal swords for stringing on a major product.

The outer part of the ceramic bottom has a curved shape, with the formation of the clearance between the ceramic base and the floor.

At the base of the ceramic bottom with its outside the Asti is pie cushions.

The lower part of the pan-reflector has a circular protrusion with the notch, with the formation of a clearance between the pallet-reflector and ceramic floor.

Pallet-reflector has a diameter less than the diameter of the neck, but the larger the diameter of the inner circumference of the removable ceramic washers.

Flavors top and bottom consist of a hollow metal vessel pear shaped for dry spices, wines, juices, etc. of the product.

The implementation of the working chamber inverted egg-shaped form with vertical ribs allows to use a large area of thermal processing of food products, while increasing the useful area and the volume of the working chamber, thus reducing the time and reduced energy consumption for processing of the product, consequently, increases the efficiency of energy saving.

Implementation of vertical ribs inside the working chamber give it additional strength during operation of the device at a vertical pressure on a break. Its internal low curvature directed to the vertical axis of the working chamber, the vertical ribs form an egg-shaped skylight in the center of the working chamber, thereby contributing to the visual formation of small air chambers, a member of the large working camera with intercostal space.

The invention is illustrated is entezami, where

1 schematically shows a device, a General front view;

figure 2 shows a ceramic washer, top view;

figure 3 shows the metal reflector on the plate, top view;

figure 4 is the same, the incision figure 3;

figure 5 shows the camera with intercostal spaces top view;

figure 6 shows the lid with large reflector, front view;

7 shows a clamp for swords.

The device includes two ceramic side wall 1 and the ceramic bottom 2, which together form a solid ceramic body is located within the working chamber 3 inverted egg-shaped form, tapering to a ceramic bottom 2. Side ceramic wall 1 have outer side 4 and the inner side 5 with ribbed surface within the working chamber along its perimeter installed vertical ceramic ribs 6, which form the intercostal space inside the working chamber, while the working chamber forms an interconnected centric camera, in the form of a large chamber and a small air chamber, the volume of the large chamber is equal to the sum of the volumes of the small air chamber and the intercostal space.

Ceramic bottom 2 has a metal tray-reflector 7 Cup-shaped form that is designed to work as a reflector of infrared rays during operation of the device in R is the bench oven, and, as a necessary element, when the device is in the mode of an electric furnace, in any case, it eliminates heating of ceramic bottom 2.

Ceramic bottom 2 has an inner part 8 and the outer portion 9, and the thickness of its bottom is made doubled in relation to the thickness of the ceramic side wall 1, the lower outer part 9 of the ceramic bottom 2 has a curved shape, with the formation of the clearance 10 between the ceramic bottom 2 and the floor, at the base of the ceramic bottom 2 with its outer parts 9 are circular rollers 11 to create the cooling space.

Pallet-reflector 7 in its top, in the middle, has a rack 12, in which the installed capacity of 13 for insertion of any liquid product over capacity 13 is set lower flavouring 14 with a metal grid 15 and the bottom reflector 16, and the lower portion of the pallet-reflector 7 has a circular protrusion 17 with the recess, with the formation of the clearance 18 between the ceramic bottom 2 and the pallet-reflector 7.

On one side of the ceramic wall 1 has a control unit 19 with thermostat and timer (in the drawing conventionally not shown), the control unit 19 on the ceramic side walls 1 are through holes 20 and 21 for safe output and connect the electric heating element 22 to the control unit is 19.

Around the perimeter of the working chamber 1, above and below the equator of the working chamber, at the ends of the ceramic vertical ribs 6 are designated mounting (installation) electric heating element made in the form of the upper element 23 and the lower member 24 of the mounting, and any configuration, for example in the form of an elongated hook with a tip 25, to secure the installed electric heating element 22 with infrared radiation, the power of which can be 0.5-5 kW, depending on the volume of the working chamber 1, above the upper fastening element 23 and under the lower fastening element 24 on the ceramic side walls 1 over and under the vertical ribs 6 are additional through holes 26 and 27, which are mounted cylindrical woody material, such as pieces of fruit trees, to strengthen during operation of the device the effect of the smoke flavoring and get when they decay superior taste, with a hint of smoked meat". The distance from the top of the fastening element 23 to the cap 29 and the lower fastening element 24 to ceramic bottom 2 is of 0.09 to 0.2 in relation to the height of the working chamber 3.

The upper part of the ceramic housing of the device, the outer side is made in the form of curved ceramic neck 28, the inner side to the th performed the excavation, in the form of a cap 29, which is equipped with a ceramic washer 30, the ratio of the wall thickness of the neck 28, the ceramic side wall 1 along the equator of the working chamber 3 and the ceramic bottom 2 is 1.5-and 1.0-2.0, respectively, which is optimal for uniform heat distribution inside the working chamber.

The ratio of the diameter of the upper section of the cap 29 to the diameter of the lower section of the ceramic bottom 2 is 1.0 to 1.5, which is optimal for favourable microcirculation of the roasting process, while less than 1.0 is not possible to establish the pan-reflector on the bottom of the camera, when more than 1.5 - broken egg-shaped form of the working chamber, which leads to disruption of microcirculation frying process of the product.

The washer 30 is made removable with a tapered bore and the inner slots 31 and has a small ceramic cap 32 with the tab 33 to which is attached the upper flavouring 34 with a metal grid 35 and the upper reflector 36, thus flavoring the top is a hollow metal container for food products. Under ceramic washer 30 on the neck 29 is installed metal reflector 37, whose shape corresponds to the shape of washers and performed with internal slots 38, which are at the same distance from the center of the washer 30 and on both sides of the upper flavoring 34 set the go removable metal swords 39, for stringing their product.

Each metal sword 39 has a cylindrical neck 40 which, together with the removable handle 41 is 1/3 of the whole length of metal swords, turning into a flat metal body 42, constituting 2/3 of the length of the metal of the sword, with the pointed end at the center, and when doing 1/3 the length of the cylindrical neck 40 with removable handle 41 is provided the location of one of a cylindrical neck 40 in the orifice 29, the other part - in the slots 31 of the ceramic washer 30, the third part is above the ceramic plate 30, and the execution 2/3 the length of the flat metal body 42 of the metal sword is the best for easy location of metal swords 39 in the working chamber 3.

The neck 40 with the retainer serves to maintain a metal sword 39 in the chamber 1 in a vertical position control for turning metal swords 180°and to exclude spontaneous rotation and fixation of small metal cover 32 ceramic washers 30.

Each metal sword 39 has on the sides of the grooves 44, the latch swords 43 and the latch 45 to the sword, which has a hole 46 with two slits 47 and the hole 46 of the latch corresponds to the distance between the opposing grooves on the sword 39, and the distance between the slots 47 on the latch equally the width of the flat body swords 42, the latch 45 for epee fencing installed at pointed at the center of the end of the sword 39 for fixing the skewered food products, particularly vegetables, and lock swords 43 rests on a ceramic washer 30.

Pallet-reflector 7 has a diameter less than the diameter of the neck 29, but the larger the diameter of the inner circumference of the ceramic washer 30, the perimeter of which radially arranged slits 31, and the pallet-reflector tightly to the inner side 5 side ceramic wall 1, which prevents the penetration of juice and grease in the space between the pallet-reflector 7 and the ceramic bottom 2, while retaining dryness ceramic bottom.

The upper metal flavouring 34 is a hollow metallic vessel, pear-shaped, and placed dry spices, liquid flavors, juices, wine, etc.

The working chamber 1 has an ovoid shape and is an interconnected centric camera, big camera, which includes a small camera and intercostal space 48 and the small air chamber formed between the arcs of the inner vertical edges 6, the volume of the small air chamber is equal to the difference of volume of the working chamber 3 and the volume of the intercostal spaces 48.

Vertically mounted on the inner side of the working chamber 2 vertical ribs 6 increase durability side is o ceramic walls, that increases resistance to vertical pressure on the break, and his small curvature directed to the center of the working chamber 3, form it the lumen of the egg shape, which optimally increases the area to be placed in the working chamber 3 of the food and the electric heating element 22.

Execution ceramic side walls 1 with vertical ribs 6 gives an opportunity to significantly increase the area of the working chamber 3, which allows, firstly, it is convenient to arrange the electric heating element 22 between the vertical ribs 6, and secondly, to provide quality heating or cooking of the food product and its heat treatment, which ensures the preservation of heat in the working chamber 3 to the time during which the food product is in the chamber.

The ratio of the height of the working chamber 3 to the diameter of the equator of the working chamber is optimally 1,7-2,0, otherwise instead of the egg-shaped inverted forms the working chamber will have a ball shape.

Big cover 49 has a reflector 50, mounted on the side of the working chamber 3, and together with the reflector has a hole 51 in the middle.

When you need to make cooking whole poultry, fish or large, not portioned pieces of meat and vegetables, instead of two or more metal swords 39 into the hole belsay cover 49 install one metal sword 39 and fix it in a ceramic cover 49 at its center.

The design of the inventive device in which the working chamber 3 is made egg-shaped, can be made collapsible by the equator, which makes it possible to increase the diameter of the pan-reflector 7.

Device reflectors (16, 36, 37 and 50) eliminates the possibility of overheating of the ceramic washer 30 and the ceramic bottom 2.

The device operates as follows.

In the capacity of the rack 12 13 pallet-reflector 7 is poured aromatic liquid, and the pallet-reflector 7 with flavoring 14 mounted on the Central part of the ceramic bottom 2, screwing the removable handle 41 to the ends of the necks 28 of the metal foil 39, on the neck 29 impose a metal reflector 37 with internal slots 38, then the top metal reflector 37 is superimposed ceramic washer 30 with a tapered bore. On the edge of the metal foil 39 strung food, fix their retainer 45 for swords, then swords 39 strung with them food set through holes in the slots 31 of the ceramic washer 30 and a metal reflector 37 into the working chamber 3, where the pre-create the original temperature warms up for 5 minutes, set them to lock swords 43 facing in the opposite direction from the center holes of the ceramic washer 30.

At the top flavoring 34 pour one of you the security of aromatic liquids or dry fall asleep aromatic powdered spices, then flavoring 34 is fixed on the protrusion 33 of the small cap 32 ceramic washers 30, then a small cap 32 with flavoring top 34 lay in the conical hole of the ceramic washers 30, slightly raise removable handle 41 of the metal swords and turn these swords 180°with products, so that the latch 43 swords 39 appeared over the small cap 32 of the washer 30, the lower metal swords 39 and fix small cap 32 on the plate 30.

With the timer control unit 19 sets the time for example 25 min, to prepare the product and at the same time include in the operation of the device by turning the timer control unit 19. Moreover, it is recommended that after 15 minutes without removing the small cover 32, gently lifting removable handle 41 swords 39, to rotate the latch 43 swords 180°i.e. the source to the start position, and lowered the sword 39 to the stop pawl 43 swords on the ceramic washer 30. At the signal, the timer control unit 19 unit shuts down. Then remove the small cover 32 of the washer 30 with the upper flavoring 34 and extract the first target portion of cooked foods, and other products closed again small cap 32 of the washer 30. Include a timer control unit 19 of about 60 min, and thermostat control unit 19 sets the desired temperature (60-90°) inclusion of devices in the dir is m "wait". After 30-60 minutes the finished product is removed from the device and delivered to the consumer.

For cooking whole poultry, fish, large vegetables, the device works in the same way, only instead of a metal washer 30 with a small cap 32 and the metal reflector 37 use the big cover 49 with the reflector 50 and the metal sword 39. Through the hole 51 in the large cap 49 on the side of the working chamber set neck 40 of one of the metal foil 39 to lock with lock swords 43, and outside spin detachable handle 41. Then on a metal sword 39 strung large, not portions or whole carcasses of poultry or fish or vegetable, fix the product retainer 45 for swords in the slots 44 of this sword, then metal sword 39 strung with and fixed on the products installed in the neck 29 in the working chamber 3 to another great cover 49 with the reflector 50 to the neck 29.

The control unit 19 are the same sequence of preparation, which was used for cooking small portions of the pieces of product, except that turning the product on the metal foil 39 in the working chamber 3 180° not required.

Once the device is disassembled in the reverse order.

Due to the fact that the centres of the small and large spherical circles that form I is Zawidow the shape of the working chamber 3, located along the vertical axis of the working chamber, from the bottom up to the diameter increasing from the inner part of the ceramic bottom 2 to the equator and decreasing from the equator to the diameter of the cap 29, the vertical axis of the working chamber 3 is the maximum thermal power axis of the working chamber 3, and therefore the temperature in the working chamber 3 along the energy axis, depending on the volume of the working chamber, the thickness of the ceramic side walls 1 and power the electric heating element 22, can be increased to 700-800°and when additional insulation from the outer part of the ceramic side wall 1 (for example, glass) you can reach higher temperatures, at which the control unit 19 is possible not only long-lasting taste of the finished product (food), but the artificial application of fry in the inventive device the products of different intensity of the glow. Up to the creation of variants fragrant crisp.

Offer to patent "Device for cooking food products in comparison with the above-mentioned analogues and the closest analogue has the advantage of obtaining new technical result:

- provides a broad technological capabilities of the claimed device: cooking not only on the traditional pieces of meat, but, and whole carcasses of poultry, fish, vegetables, etc. other different kinds of product;

- provides the flavoring of the food product with the smoke flavor that gives the finished product a high gustatory properties;

- allows you to automate the process of cooking a food product that provides control over the cooking process and product quality;

- provides long-term preservation of heat in the working chamber and the preservation of the useful properties of the food product.

- provides the ability to replace metal swords instead of short swords, one with reliable committing them;

- prevents fat or juice on the bottom, and the closure of the electric heating element, which, in turn, provides electrical safety operation for the entire period of preparation of the food product.

1. A device for cooking food products, including ceramic working chamber, a mouth, a lid, a removable sword, heating element and space to install electric heating element, characterized in that it is provided with ceramic side walls with inner and outer sides and ceramic bottom, forming together a solid ceramic body is located within the working chamber is inverted ovoid shape narrowing the I to ceramic bottom the thickness of the ceramic bottom is doubled with respect to the thickness of the ceramic side walls, inside of the working chamber along its perimeter installed vertical ceramic ribs forming intercostal space on the outer side of the side of the ceramic wall mounted control unit, which is a through hole for safe output and connect the electric heating unit to the control unit, and space to install electric heating element made in the form of the upper fastening element and the lower fastening element, and above the upper fastening element and under the lower fastening element on the ceramic side walls made additional through holes above and below the vertical ribs for location in which woody material of cylindrical shape to enhance the effect of the smoke flavouring, and in the lower part of the body on the ceramic bottom of the metal pan-reflector Cup-shaped form, which in its upper part in the middle has a rack where you installed capacity for insertion of liquid product over a lower capacity equipped with a metal grid and the lower reflector and the upper part of the ceramic body on the outer side is made in the form of curved ceramic is th cervical, the ratio of the diameter of the upper section of the neck to the diameter of the lower section of the ceramic bottom is 1.0 to 1.5, and the inner side of the ceramic neck has a recess in the form of a cap which is fitted with removable ceramic washer with internal slots and a small ceramic cap with the tab, which is the top flavor with a metal grid and the upper reflector, and under the ceramic plate on the neck has a metal reflector, whose shape corresponds to the shape of washers and internal slits, which are at the same distance from the top of flavoring a metal removable swords with side slots for sticks product, and each metal sword has the neck of a round cylindrical shape, which together with handle is 1/3 of the whole length of metal swords, turning into a flat metal body, constituting 2/3 of the length of the metal swords, sharpened at its center by the end, each sword has a lock swords and clamp for swords, the latter is installed at a pointed end of the sword to commit strung product on the sword and which has a hole with two slots, which corresponds to the distance between the opposing grooves on the metal W is Agay, the distance between the slits is equal to the width of the flat body metal swords, and the latch sword is based on a ceramic washer, and for the preparation of solid product has not installed the mouth of a big cap with a reflector mounted on the side of the working chamber, the hole in the center of the large cap set one of the metal swords for stringing on a major product.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the outer part of the ceramic bottom has a curved shape, with the formation of the clearance between the ceramic base and the floor.

3. The device according to any one of claims 1 and 2, characterized in that at the base of the ceramic bottom with the outer set of circular rollers.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the lower part of the pallet-reflector has a circular protrusion with the notch, with the formation of a clearance between the pallet-reflector and ceramic floor.

5. The device according to any one of claims 1 and 4, characterized in that the pallet-reflector has a diameter less than the diameter of the neck, but the larger diameter of the inner circumference of the removable ceramic washers.

6. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the flavors of the top and bottom are hollow metallic vessel, pear-shaped products, for example, dry spices, wines, juices.

7 the Device according to claim 1, characterized in that the fastening elements electric heating element are in the form of an elongated hook with a tip.



 

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4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: combined portable unit for thermal treatment of products includes housing with fire chamber. Housing rests on supports. Box for product smoking is mounted on the housing. Tray, fire chamber with perforated lid and special tool for spits to fry shashliks are built sequentially into housing on guides in downward direction. There are holes in the front and rear walls of the box to install spits and smoke products. Length of each spit rod is different in order to fix smoked products. Holes for only long rods of spits are available on one box wall and holes for both types of rods are situated on the opposite wall. Hole for each lower rod is shifted to the centre of box as regard to upper rod. It allows for installing smoking spits at 4°-10° angles to vertical plane. Spits are arranged in two vertical rows to install baking sheets on upper and lower rods for fruits drying.

EFFECT: time reduction of thermal effect to treated product and decrease of fuel consumption.

8 dwg

FIELD: mechanics; articles of food.

SUBSTANCE: device for roasting contains a spit unit and is equipped with a fixed portion and a rotating portion, the first side wall for reliable holding of the fixed portion, the second side wall for supporting of the rotating portion designed to provide rotation of one component and at least one component of a base for supporting the first and the second side walls. A case with a rotating portion enclosed therein is driven with a mechanical drive assembled inside the case.

EFFECT: invention allows roasting of articles of food.

32 cl, 13 dwg

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: device for preparation of foodstuff, includes: the ceramic working chamber, a neck, covers, demountable swords, an electroheating element and places for installation of an electroheating element. The device is supplied by side ceramic walls with the external both internal sides and the ceramic bottom, organising together the integral ceramic case. In the case the working chamber of the egg-shaped turned shape is located. The chamber is narrowed to the ceramic bottom which width is twice augmented in relation to width of a side ceramic wall. The vertical ceramic edges are established in the working chamber on its perimetre. The vertical ceramic edges organise intercostal space. On lateral aspect of a side ceramic wall the control block is established. Over the control block viaholes for possibility of a safe output and connection of an electroheating element to the control block are executed. Places for installation of an electroheating element are executed in the form of the upper element of strengthening and the lower element of strengthening. Over the upper element of strengthening and under the lower element of strengthening on ceramic side walls additional viaholes over and under vertical edges for arrangement possibility in them of a wood material of the cylindrical shape for strengthening of effect of smoke aromatiser are executed. In the lower part of the case on a ceramic bottom the metal cupped tray-reflector is established. The Tray-reflector has a rack in the upper part in the middle. In a rack the capacity for a location in it of a liquid product is established. The lower aromatiser is established over the capacity with a metal grid and the lower reflector. The upper part of the ceramic case from an outer side is executed in the form of the bent ceramic neck. The ratio of diameter of the upper section of a neck to diameter of the lower section of a ceramic bottom makes 1.0-1.5. From the inside the ceramic neck has recess in the form of a neck. On a neck the demountable ceramic washer with internal sawcuts and a small ceramic cap with a protuberance on which it is established upper aromatiser with a metal grid and the upper reflector is established. Under a ceramic washer on a neck the metal reflector is established. The metal reflector under the shape corresponds to an outline of a washer and is executed with internal sawcuts. In a sawcut on identical distance from the upper aromatiser metal demountable swords with side slots for possibility of threading on them of a product are established. For possibility of preparation of an integral product there is established not a neck a big cover with a reflector with installation possibility of one sword for threading of a large product on it.

EFFECT: expansion of technological possibilities of the device, creation of conditions for convenient arranging in the working chamber of various aspects of foodstuff.

7 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: household goods and personal effects.

SUBSTANCE: ash pit chamber volume is increased to fuel chamber volume by dividing fuel and ash pit chambers by means of threes grates. Grids are supported by sixth row of brickwork. Brickwork protrudes inside the stove over the ash pit chamber. Hot coals from wood burnt in fuel chamber are removed and placed into the ash pit, and a chargrill-substituting device is placed into the fuel chamber. The said device is a hollow rectangular metal box with three slots at ends to rotate spitters with meat.

EFFECT: shashlik may be prepared in russian stove all year round, regardless of weather.

5 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: device for cooking food contains a body, a lid and a skewer and on one of the lateral sides of the body there is a vertical slit through which a skewer with two identical covers can be inserted. Innovation is in the fact that the skewer is equipped with a cylindrical net on which there are trays for self-sprinkling the product with fat in the course of cooking.

EFFECT: possibility of automatic sprinkling the cooked product with fat.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: food industry.

SUBSTANCE: device uses a grid iron manufactured of thermosetting material with high specific thermal capacity and radiating capacity in infrared range. The grid iron can move relatively to the body. The grid iron is equipped with through holes geometrically coincident with ventilation channels of the body. The through holes form infrared emitters. The grid iron is manufactured of transparent refractory and is equipped discretely located diffuse reflectors of the lid infrared radiation.

EFFECT: improvement of the device for cooking shish kebab.

2 dwg

Charcoal grill // 2402970

FIELD: personal use articles.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for cooking on open fire, to charcoal grills. There is no web distortion in the charcoal grill. The charcoal grill includes bottom support elements and two walls. Two of them consist of three parts connected to each other, due to which there is compensation of thermal expansion.

EFFECT: improved convenience of usage.

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