Poultry feeding device

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: feeder comprises feed duct, feeding pan and grid. The feeding pan bottom is protected by a rubber insertion 4-6 mm thick to prevent damage of the poultry beak. The grid is fitted by an above set split ring with beams to separate the grid into additional sections. The split ring is fitted with a catch on the one side, and a hinge on the other side to form a solid ring when connected.

EFFECT: restraining movement of poultry neck during feeding, reducing scattering of feeds and poultry death.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to poultry, in particular to the feeder for poultry.

The purpose of the invention limit the movement of the bird's head during feed intake, reduced scattering of feed and the death of the chickens.

Known hopper feeder, commercially available from cell batteries type BGA-140, which has a removable extension piece. Thanks to the removable extension it is possible to feed pullets from one of the feeders from 1 to 140 days of not installing optional trays and feeders. The disadvantage of this feeder is that it applies only in a single cell battery, and its high intensity [1].

Known feeder for poultry, comprising a pipe system is connected to the hopper, a vertically moving and having the fence. Under the bunker houses a feed Cup having a conical base. The disadvantage of this feeder is that it is not used in commercially available cell batteries, bulky, has a regulating device "nut-screw", which in conditions of high humidity rooms of the house quickly corrodes and fails [2].

The drawing shows a feeder for feeding chickens, General view.

Feeding birds, its quantitative and qualitative indicators in the process exp the farming of great importance have the shape and material of the base of the trough, as well as devices that restrict the movement of the bird's head during feeding.

When using feeders observed variation and significant loss of feed. Use feeders with a round convex shape of the base in combination with an additional rubber base provides the least scattering and high gain in live weight at minimum cost feed.

In the last period of growth due to frequent blows of the beak on the metal bottom feeders significantly increases the number of birds to changes in the shape of the bill (erase horn covers, curvature, raslouw etc). The defects of the bill is most common in birds with a high live weight.

Up to 5-day-old chickens fed from the trays, and then use the hopper of the feeder. To teach the Chicks to the noise of the working mechanisms, first include the feeders without filling their food. After 7 days the Chicks are already fed from hopper feeders supplied with serial cell batteries. Breaking in through the bars, closing the feed tray with food, chickens slaughtered under the pipe system, following behind them fill itself feed tray. When the enable line feed distribution food falls asleep chickens, located in the aft compartment of the feeder, because not all the Chicks are able you is collected from the tray, and they die. The attendant is unable to release all of the feeders from the chicken before serving food. When improvement hopper feeders additional split ring with a loop mounted on the bars with a dividing bars. Additional split ring fixedly mounted rays that share of the lattice of the hopper of the feeder segment. Educated segments of its size, does not allow the Chicks to fall into the feed tray. With increasing body size when the chicken doesn't get lost in the feed tray, the split ring is removed and used at the next landing chickens.

Commercially available metal bunker and zhelobkovye feeders do not protect birds. When feeding observed significant changes in the shape of the bill: abrasion horn covers, their curvature or raslouw that is because the bird with great force strikes the bottom feeders. Injury to the beak effect on liveweight gain and livability. In the feeder, zhelobkovuju or bunker, put the liner of the raw rubber of a thickness of from 4 to 6 mm, so that the entire surface feeders (on three sides) was protected. Rubber lesser or greater thickness to use is not cost-effective.

Hopper feeder pipe system contains 1, on which food is served to the speech tray 2, closing the top grate 3. Additional split ring 4 contains rays 5, which divide the lattice 3 additional segments, preventing the disappearance of chickens feed tray 2, the bottom feed tray closed liner 6 is made of rubber with a thickness of 4-6 mm to prevent injury to the bird's beak.

Additional split ring 4 at its ends has a latch 7 on the one hand and the loop 8 on the other, which form a continuous ring when connecting and fixing on the lattice 3.

The hopper feeder is as follows.

Feed the pipe system 1 enters the feed tray 2 and fills it from the top of the feed tray 2 is covered by the grating 3, the amount of which is calculated on the size of the head of adult birds regardless of the cross.

On the lattice 3 top worn split ring with 4 beams 5 for separating grates on additional segments, and a split ring on one side has a latch 7, and the other loop 8 for the formation of a solid ring at their connection.

Additional split ring 4 is placed on top of the grating 3 and is fixed on it. Rays 5 is indissoluble connection additional split ring 4, which divide the lattice 3 additional segments. The sizes of the segments, which are formed between the grating 3 and the beams 5, prevent probaly is the use of chickens in the feed tray 2.

The use of the liner of the raw rubber feeding birds showed that the number of birds to changes in the shape of the bill is decreased by 2%, safety increased by 2.8%, the lifetime of feeders increased by 30%.

Tests hopper feeders showed that live weight of birds at 40 days of age was 2269±-4.51 g in 1997, ±11.4 g in the control. The cost of feed per 1 kg increase in live weight - 2.92 kg 2.88 kg in the control. The safety population was 98.1%, 96.5 in control.

Loss of feed from spilling over 40 days - 1.64% at 3.10% in the control.

Poultry with changes in the shape of a beak - 4.7%, 10.2% of the total population in control.

Studies have shown that for eight days with three or four feeding was injured and killed up to 10% of Chicks that are in the same cage with unenhanced trough. Loss of birds amounted to 3000 goal. for one landing.

Sources of information

1. Animal machine. The Handbook. - M.: Mashinostroenie, 1975.

2. Inventor's certificate SU 733583, CL AC 39/012, 1980

Feeder for feeding birds, containing pipe system, feed tray, grille, characterized in that the bottom feed tray closed liner made of rubber with a thickness of 4-6 mm to prevent injury to the bird's beak, and the grill on top is wearing a split ring with the rays for the section is placed bars on additional segments, moreover, the split ring on one side has a latch, and the other loop for the formation of a solid ring at their connection.



 

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