Aggregate-stock method of product utilisation

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of technical equipment objects recycling. Method of recycling includes making diagram of product de-structuring, product de-structuring into components by means of its disassembly and/or cutting, separation of product components into metal and non-metal indivisible wastes, sorting of indivisible mechanical wastes into ferrous, non-ferrous and precious metal containing scrap. Prior to product de-structuring products are checked for availability of explosive, radiation-hazardous, biologically hazardous and chemically dangerous elements, removal of detected hazardous elements and their neutralisation are carried out, and distribution of precious metals inside the product is determined by method of X-ray fluorescence analysis. After the product has been de-structured into components, components are checked for serviceability and/or maintainability, and serviceable and maintainable elements are picked out. Separation of components into indivisible wastes and their sorting into ferrous, non-ferrous and precious metal containing metals is done only in respect to non-maintainable components of product. Method provides reduction of losses in recycling and return of serviceable and maintainable units and parts of recycled products for repeated use.

EFFECT: reduction of losses in recycling and return of serviceable and maintainable units and parts of recycled products for repeated use.

3 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to techniques for utilization of technical objects, mainly weapons and military equipment (AME).

Known aggregate resources method of disposal of products (1), including the delivery of radiation hazardous products on the stationary points of disposal, radiation doses delivered objects IWT, the notch radioactively dangerous elements and/or decontamination, the fibrous radioactively-safe objects into their component parts, dismantling components for scrap and sorting of scrap metal.

The disadvantage of this method is the need for transportation of radioactively dangerous goods in fixed points of disposal, which is associated with high material costs for transportation and the radiation hazard of the carriage.

Known aggregate resources method of disposal (2), consisting in the delivery of charged ammunition in the stationary points of the breaker and pre-disposal, dismantling delivered with ammunition detonators, mechanical cutting of the casing of the munition, mechanical disassembly of electronic filling of ammunition and visual sorting the dismantled parts in color, black and containing precious metals scrap. When this sort of metal parts in color, black and containing precious metals scrap produce VI is wlno and using technical documentation and factory specifications for components of ammunition.

The disadvantage of this method is the need for economically costly transportation of explosive objects from remote storage locations on a stationary recycling center, as well as the difficulty of obtaining the appropriate permits for the transportation of military equipment, especially through neighboring countries.

Known aggregate resources disposal method (3), comprising a fibrous objects IWT in areas of deployment or storage of military equipment into its component elements, and transportation of the crushed pieces of military equipment at the stationary point - plant scrap metal recycling, disassembly on the stationary point of the constituent elements on metallic and non-metallic waste, sorting waste metal in color, black and containing precious metals scrap and disposal of scrap.

The fibrous (location) of objects of military equipment on the constituent elements of the AME produced by the repeated lifting of the latter with the help of the balloon and landing on solid ground objects to the extent of the grinding, providing the ability to transport debris IWT stationary point of reception of scrap metal on the road and/or rail transport. Further disassembly of the constituent elements (not collapsed when it hit the ground) on metallic and non-metallic waste, sorting waste metal in color, black and containing the s precious metals scrap and recycling of scrap produced at the stationary point of recycling. The disadvantage of this method is the limited possibilities of its application associated with the robustness of the method because of the need for a balloon means for the breaker IWT and the impossibility of application of the method for disposal of equipment containing hazardous, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous elements.

The present invention is the task of creating aggregate resource disposal method, allowing to reduce the losses during disposal.

The solution of this problem is achieved by the fact that in the aggregate-primary method of disposal of products, including checking products for the presence of hazardous, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous elements in the recess of detected dangerous elements and appropriate decontamination, determination of the allocation of precious materials inside the product by x-ray fluorescence analysis and/or with the use of design documentation for the product and the design of the breaker by means of disassembly and/or cutting, holding the breaker neutralized product into its component elements, their breakdown on metallic and non-metallic indivisible waste sorting indivisible mechanical waste in color, black and containing the storehouses of the haunted metal scrap, according to the invention after the breaker products into its component units, units and elements additionally carry out a separate examination of the latest on the performance and/or maintainability, select serviceable serviceable and repairable units, units and elements for implementation, after the selection is performed repair and post-repair inspection, and disassembly of the elements on the indivisible waste and mechanical sorting of waste in color, black and containing precious metals scrap is carried out only in relation not suitable for recovery of units, components and elements of the product.

When this control products for the presence of hazardous, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous elements in the recess of detected dangerous elements and appropriate decontamination and fibrous neutralized product into its component elements is carried out in areas of deployment or storage of products by means of mobile complexes of the breaker and prior to disposal, the operability and maintainability of the elements in the stationary repair and diagnostic centers, and disassembly and sorting unusable items products on production lines businesses for the disposal of military equipment and civilian production. Check the RKU health units, blocks, nodes spend on universal diagnostic complexes, and mechanical elements and nodes at stations maintenance products. Restore selected items of the product is carried out by cleaning them from dust and dirt, followed by painting their buildings and propanol electrical connections.

Conduct after the breaker products on the constituent elements of additional separate checking latest on the performance and/or maintainability, selection of functional and maintainable elements for the implementation of the help partially offset the costs of disposal. The division of operations disposed between the means of mobile complexes of the breaker and pre-disposal, stationary repair and diagnostic equipment and technological lines of businesses disposal of scrap reducing further the cost of disposal through rational allocation of existing technical means of disposal.

Recovery units, components and elements, suitable for use in the national economy through their purification from dust and dirt, followed by painting their buildings and propanol electrical connections, can accelerate their implementation in the production of civil engineering by improving the appearance, but also polyetheramines these elements compared to the unprepared.

In General, the use of these technical advantages can reduce the economic costs of disposal of military products.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, figure 1 is a÷2.

Figure 1 shows a drawing explaining the essence of the proposed method of disposal of products that do not contain explosive, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous elements, figure 2 - example of the use of the proposed method for disposal of specific object of military equipment on the basis of complexes recycling, repair and diagnostic systems and production capacities joint-stock company "SSPA "Granite".

In accordance with the proposed method of disposal of test product 1 for the presence of hazardous, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous elements in the recess of detected dangerous elements and appropriate decontamination, determination of the allocation of precious materials inside the product by x-ray fluorescence analysis and/or with the use of design documentation for the product and the design of the breaker by means of disassembly and/or cutting, holding the breaker 2 neutralized product into its component elements produced by the mobile mechanized brigade installers on mobile the m complex 3 prior to disposal of equipment equipped with a mobile measuring laboratory 4, means of decontamination 5, disinfection and decontamination 6, 7 excavator with hydraulic shears, press patteron, tools, vehicles 14 and supplies for the brigade.

Means of measuring lab 4 exercise of radiation, chemical and biological control products 1 IWT explosive, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous items, spend the recess of detected dangerous elements and appropriate disposal of products. Then shall release 8 items 1 through mechanical removal of explosive elements, chemical or thermal removal of explosives from the cut casing of the munition, or by undermining the latest in earthen or concrete shelter. Disposal of radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous products 1 carried out respectively by decontamination, disinfection, decontamination.

Before the breaker neutralized in General, the product is subjected to x-ray fluorescence analysis. X-ray fluorescence analysis of the product 1 as a whole is carried out before its dismantling for parts by serial point scanning of a narrow x-ray beam of a product throughout its volume, receiving the measurement of the spectral response of materials, products, in the case of the items on the path of propagation of the beam to obtain the distribution of the types of materials found in building products. The obtained volumetric rentgenofluorestsentnomu (spectrogram) of the product is further used for efficient cutting (breaker 2) product into its constituent elements without damage to the parts containing non-ferrous and precious metals. The fibrous 2 products is carried out by plasma (fire) and mechanical cutting cabins, buildings, gliders, mechanical and/or manual disassembly into its component elements 9-10 (units, motors, blocks, hydraulic, mechanical, electro-mechanical assemblies). Optionally, further disassembly of the 13 items on 9-10 indivisible elements. Then the elements 9 or indivisible elements of transportation 14 are transported for repair and diagnostic center 15, and the mechanical and Electromechanical nodes 10 on the appropriate maintenance station (not shown). In the center 15 using diagnostic systems diagnostics received 16 items on the serviceability and maintainability. Moreover, the elements are sorted into three groups: healthy 17 requiring renovation 18 and beyond repair 19. Similarly, on the respective measuring stands diagnosed elements 12 and then grade who are on a similar group on maintainability. The elements 18, requiring renovation, repair 20 with the corresponding update the appearance by coloring and soldering. Healthy elements 17 are trained 21, including cleaning and painting.

Irreparable elements 19 are transmitted to the production of 22, where they are sorted 23 between the two groups of scrap: containing 24 and not containing 25 precious metals. The initial sorting of items into these groups produce instrumental using a portable x-ray fluorescence analyzer, for example, type "prism - M by successive irradiation of short x-ray pulses of the studied item and receive fluorescent signals (response at frequencies of spectral components of gold, silver, palladium, platinum, rhodium, iridium and other precious metals that are in the elements 22). Selection criterion scrap containing precious metals is the presence of a response to at least one of the types of precious metals. To the scrap containing precious metals, are indivisible elements disassembly of the product AME, containing on its surface or metal alloy from which the element is made of, gold, silver, palladium, platinum and/or iridium is not less than one tenth of one percent or silver - not less than three-tenths of a percent of the total mass of indivisible element. If the specified condition does not comply with the I, scrap refer to group 25, not containing precious metal. After splitting into groups group members 25 (not containing precious metals) are sorted in the same way on the spectrum Gu, Al, Fe metal waste and non-metallic, including mixed waste, such as cable products, rubber products and so on, which are destroyed. Scrap 24 mechanical enrich 26 by mechanical removal of parts scrap, not containing precious metals, by otbelivanie or biting the relevant parts. At the same time in the enrichment process scrap is sorted based on the content of precious metals respectively scrap with low (<1%), middle 40 (1÷5%) and high 41 (>5%) content of precious metals (gold, silver, palladium, platinum, rhodium, iridium and other precious metals). Sorted scrap with medium and high content of precious metals respectively sent to the refinery for further processing. Scrap metal-based copper alloys with a low content of silver sent to the corresponding copper smelting plant for casting of copper cathode. The results of instrumental sort by the spectra of non-ferrous metals: copper, aluminum, brass, bronze, and cable products and rubber products are implemented at the appropriate plants for the processing of secondary raw materials or local point of the reception of recyclable materials, located near the areas where recyclable AME.

The proposed method developed at the level of technical proposals for the disposal of military equipment, mathematical modeling of the process of recycling and experimental work on recycling. The invention was made possible thanks to the developed by the applicant of repair and diagnostic complexes "DIACOM" and "Redicom", allows you to quickly and accurately diagnose, repair and adjustment of electronic circuit boards for almost all types of military equipment and to use it to minimize economic losses in the disposal of products for civilian use and military equipment. The invention is recommended to use for the breaker and pre-disposing of the products, write-off and disposal on the due date of their operation, the selected operable and maintainable items after cleaning them from dust and dirt, painting buildings and propane electrical connections are routed for use as spare parts products for civilian use and military equipment.

Sources of information

1. EN 2085365, CL B26F 3/08, VN 3/00, 1997.

2. Sevastyanov BV, Lisin E.B. Automated device for cutting shots unitary load: Armament. Policy. Conversion. M: Voentechnic, No. 5, 1999. P.35-37.

3. EN 94018371/08, class F4H 7/00, F42B 33/06, F42D 3/00, VN 3/00, 1996.

1. Aggregate raw way of disposing of this product, including charting the breaker products, the fibrous product into its component elements by removing and/or cutting, dismantling components products on metallic and non-metallic indivisible waste sorting indivisible mechanical waste in color, black and containing precious metals scrap, characterized in that before the fibrous product are checking products for the presence of hazardous, radioactive, biohazardous or chemically hazardous elements in the recess of detected dangerous elements and their disposal, determine the distribution of the precious metals inside the product by x-ray fluorescence analysis, and after the breaker products in the composite the elements are checking components for serviceability and/or maintainability, select functional and remotepage elements and disassembly of the constituent elements on the indivisible waste and sorting the last color, black and containing precious metals scrap is carried out only in respect of broken beyond repair elements of the product.

2. The method according to claim 1, wherein the health check of electronic items spend on repairs and diagnostics is amplexa, and mechanical elements and nodes at stations maintenance products.

3. The method according to claim 1, characterized in that the selected functional and remotepage items cleaned from dust and dirt, followed by painting their buildings and propanol electrical connections.



 

Same patents:

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Explosion technique // 2324891

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EFFECT: improved efficiency of neutralization.

2 cl, 1 tbl

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