Motor-car with inertia propulsion device

FIELD: transportation.

SUBSTANCE: motor-car contains body, three-wheel running gear with independent torsion-bar wheel suspensions and hydraulic shock-absorbers, engine with clutch coupling located in rear part of body, inertia propulsion device, control linkages. Inertia propulsion device contains casing in which following units are located: inertia propulsion device for forward motion, inertia propulsion device for backward motion and striker clutch. The striker clutch connects shaft of inertia propulsion device with inertia mechanism of forward or backward motion. Inertia mechanisms are similar in their design. Each one of them contains shaft on which yoke is fixed with four gears with balance weights. Balance weights are mounted on axes and engage with fixed gear attached to front or rear cover. Both inertia mechanisms are turned in horizontal plane relative to each other fro 180 degrees, and in each yoke each subsequent balance weight of gears is shifted relative to previous balance weight for 90 degrees.

EFFECT: design simplification and motor-car technical characteristics improvement.

11 dwg

 

The present invention relates to the field of transport and can be used as a means of transport.

Known ZAZ-968 Zaporozhets (4×2)containing two-door sedan with a trunk in the front, the front suspension with independent lever-torsion bar suspension, rear suspension with independent spring suspension, engine, gearbox, rear axle, made in one case and located in the rear part of the body, the mechanisms of governance. Own weight of 790 kg Full weight of 1110 kg Number of seats 4. The engine 40 PS at 4200-4400 rpm Maximum speed of 116 km/h. Fuel consumption is 5.9 l per 100 km at a speed of 30-40 km/h. The braking distance at a speed of 50 km/h 16 m

/Quick automotive Handbook, NIIAT, 8 ed. M.: Transport, pp.33-36/.

The disadvantages of the known ZAZ-968 Zaporozhets are the design complexity, lack of maneuverability, greater the braking distance.

These drawbacks are caused by the design of the car.

Known also cross-country car LUAZ-A, (4×4)containing two-door polonesse body with a rear opening side and a soft ride, suspension front independent torsion bar and rear suspension and hydraulic shock absorbers, wheel gears, the engine, the box is and transmission, leading front axle made in the same housing, rear axle gear, the control mechanisms. Own weight 950 kg Full weight of 1350 kg Maximum speed 85 km/h. The engine 39 PS at 4100-4300 rpm fuel Consumption at a speed of 40 km/h 10 l / 100 km /ibid, p.66-70./

Famous car LUAZ-A, as the closest to the technical essence and the achieved beneficial results, taken as a prototype.

The disadvantages of the known vehicle LUAZ-A, taken as a prototype, is the design complexity, insufficient motor power, inadequate permeability, poor maneuverability, high fuel consumption.

These drawbacks are caused by the design of the car.

The aim of the present invention is to simplify the design and increase the performance of the car.

The objective according to the invention is ensured by the fact that transmission, front axle, rear axle gear, wheel motors replaced inertial propulsion system, mounted in the rear, the shaft of which is connected with the driven shaft of the clutch cordon, comprising a housing, a closed front and back covers, inside of which is placed with the same design of the inertial mechanism of a forward stroke, the inertia of the reversing mechanism deployed in a horizontal plane relative activities the but each other by 180 degrees, the action vectors of the inertial forces which are directed towards each other, and the clutch switch front and rear, and the first end of the drive shaft is omitted in the hole of the rear cover, and a second end inserted into the front end of the driven shaft, the other end of which is inserted in the bearing of the front cover, in addition, the rear driven hollow shaft mounted on the driving shaft, having in front of the groove, which includes the tooth carriage mounted for movement on the drive shaft and having at the sides of the sleeve with the internal toothed crowns belonging to engage it with one or the other cylindrical gears, one of which is fixed to the front driven shaft and the other on the rear driven hollow shaft, and the carriage through the plug, mounted on a shaft connected with the control stick forward and reverse, in addition, on the front driven shaft and the rear driven hollow shaft fixed cross, the four corners each of which has a freely sitting on the axes of the toothed gears with non-balances included in engagement respectively with the front stationary gear attached to the front cover and the rear stationary gear attached to the rear cover, and four gears in each cross each subsequent unbalance offset otnositelnogo unbalance 90 degrees, front wheel with torsion suspension and an oil damper, which is kinematically connected with the steering mechanism.

The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 shows a General view of the vehicle with inertial propulsion device, figure 2 is a view of the propulsion unit from below, in figure 3 - General view of the inertial propulsion, figure 4 - location of parts and components of the inertial propulsion inside the figure 5 - General view of the inertial mechanism of a forward stroke, in figure 6 - left side the inertial mechanism of a forward stroke, the figure 7 - scan-side surface of the fixed gear and the location of the non-balances relative to each other, the figure 8 - the trajectory of unbalance when driving pinion yoke on the teeth of the fixed gear and create a thrust in the longitudinal direction in the figure 9 - diagram of the forces of inertia acting on the gear and the non-balances in the transverse direction, in the figure 10 is a kinematic diagram of the inertial propulsion, figure 11 diagram of inertial forces acting per unit time when the movement of non-balances.

We offer car contains a two-door body double-1, which is through independent torsion bar suspension with hydraulic shock absorbers attached to the rear wheels 2, 3 and the front wheel 4, which is kinematically connected with the steering mechanism. To the back of the car attached to the engine 5, which is connected with the drive shaft of the clutch 6, a driven shaft which through the coupling 7 is connected with the drive shaft inertial propulsion 8. It includes a housing 9, a closed front 10 and rear 11 caps. On the side of the housing is a handle switch 12 mounted on shaft 13, having a plug 14, which is included in the circular groove of the carriage 15. Shift knob has three positions: neutral (N), forward gear (HRP) and reverse (SX). Inside the case are the same design, torsion front turn 16, inertial reversing mechanism 17 deployed relative to each other in a horizontal plane by 180 degrees, the action vectors of the inertial forces which are directed towards each other, and coupling 18. The driving shaft 19, mounted in the rear bearing cover has on the front end of the groove 20, which includes the tooth carriage installed with the possibility of longitudinal movement and having at the sides of the inner toothing. The front end of the drive shaft is inserted into the front end of the driven shaft 21, which is fixed to the cylindrical gear 22 with the outer gear ring which interacts with the front internal gear ring of the carriage. The rear driven hollow shaft 23, which is fixed to the cylindrical gear 24 that communicates with the rear internal gear is the crown of the carriage, mounted on the drive shaft. Both inertial mechanism contain fixed gears 25, 26. The inertial mechanism reversing gears turned down very low to the front cover, and the inertial mechanism front turn gears turned down very low to the back cover. On the end parts of the fixed gears have teeth, crowns, and in the center of the hole. The inertial mechanism reversing through the hole in the fixed gear is missing the front driven shaft, which is fixed to the crosspiece 27, at the four ends of which are installed with the possibility of free rotation of the toothed gears 28, 29, 30, 31, each of which has one eccentric weight 32, 33, 34, 35. Through the hole in the fixed gear of the inertial mechanism of a forward stroke skipped drive shaft and put him back a driven hollow shaft, which is fixed to the crosspiece 36, on the four ends of which are installed with the possibility of free rotation of the toothed gears 37, 38, 39, 40, each of which has one eccentric weight 41, 42, 43, 44. Each spider gear set so that each subsequent unbalance offset from the previous unbalance 90 degrees.

Work vehicle with inertial propulsion

After seeing the car is starting and warming up of the engine 5. To propel the vehicle forward is off the IC Muff cordon 6, move the handle of the switch 12 in position "PH", and then gradually to enable the clutch 6 and to increase the frequency of rotation of the motor shaft 5 by pressing on the accelerator pedal. The car will start moving forward. When the motor shaft 5 will be connected with the shaft 19 of the inertial propulsion. The rotating torque from the engine will be transmitted to the driving shaft 19 and the carriage 15, the internal ring gear which engages with the toothed gear 24 and bring it into rotation, and with it the rear driven hollow shaft 23 and the cross-piece 36 with gears 37, 38, 39, 40 and de-balancers 41, 42, 43, 44. In this case, these toothed gears will rotate around their axes and to our teams in the teeth of the fixed gear 26, and the non-balances 41, 42, 43, 44 will move along a curved path of radius R, as shown in figure 8. The resulting components of the inertia force f and each unbalance will be summed and the vector of these forces will be directed along the longitudinal axis of the inertial propulsion in the direction of the front cover 10. At the same time the components of the inertia forces F1 and F2 will act in gear 37, 38, 39, 40, 28, 29, 30, 31 and non-balances 32, 33, 34, 35, 41, 42, 43, 44 in the transverse direction, balancing each other, as shown in figure 9. Along about the same time each of the non-balances at different times will be in extreme points of its trajectory and stopping the pad from sliding ivalsa in them for some time. In each of these points will be a force of inertia F1 directed along the longitudinal axis of the housing of the inertial propulsion in the direction opposite to the action of the other components of the inertial forces. From the diagram in figure 11 shows that when the movement of non-balances on their trajectories at time t at each moment in time (limited to two thin vertical lines) of the four non-balances only one and it may not always be in extreme points, and it creates inertia F1 will be balanced by the components of the inertia force f and the other non-balances that exceed by several times. Thus during the rotation of the drive shaft 19 on the casing 9 of the inertial propulsion device and the body 1 of the vehicle will act the resultant of the inertia forces F directed along the longitudinal axis of the vehicle, attached to the body and cause the car to move. To reverse it, you need to disconnect the clutch cordon 6 and turn the handle switch 12 in position "SX", and then turn the clutch cordon 6. Torsion front turn 16 off and inertial reversing mechanism 17 will be included. The carriage 15 with its inner ring gear engages with the gear teeth 22. Front driven shaft 21 will be rotated, and with it the yoke 27, the gears 28, 29, 30, 31 with non-balances 32, 33, 34, 35, and everything is repeated, ka is described above. The only difference is that the components of inertial forces created by rotation of the unbalanced mass will act in the opposite direction from the front cover 10 of the body 9 in the direction of the rear cover 11. The car will move in reverse. The change in the thrust direction of the inertial propulsion device while driving can be used for braking, especially when driving on slippery and mountain roads. In all cases when switching inertial mechanisms need to disable the clutch. When pulling away the inertial mechanism should develop maximum force, and with the steady movement force can be reduced to the required level. The magnitude of the inertial forces of both propellers can be changed by changing the frequency of rotation of the motor shaft 5. In the Parking lot shift knob 12 is set in the neutral position "N".

We offer car can be used for small trips, to trips to the cottage, fishing, as well as in the city.

The positive effect of higher permeability due to the fact that the thrust force applied to the body, and not to the axes of the wheels, removed the slip of the wheels, lower fuel consumption by reducing friction, higher mobility, higher safety due to the reduction of braking distance.

The car is inertial propulsion, containing two-door sedan, rear wheel independent torsion bar suspension and hydraulic shock absorbers, front driven wheel with torsion suspension and hydraulic shock absorber, engine installed in the rear, clutch, drive shaft which is connected to the shaft of the engine, controls, characterized in that the drive shaft inertial propulsion, fixed in the rear, connected to the driven shaft of the clutch, and an inertial propulsion device includes a housing, a closed front and back covers, inside of which is placed with the same design of the inertial mechanism of a forward stroke, the inertia of the reversing mechanism deployed in the horizontal plane relative to each other at 180°, action vectors of the inertial forces which are directed towards each other, and the clutch switch front and rear, and the first end of the drive shaft inertial propulsion skipped into the hole of the rear cover, and the other end inserted into the front end of the driven shaft inertial propulsion, the other end of which is inserted in the bearing of the front cover, in addition, the rear driven hollow shaft inertial thruster mounted on the driving shaft inertial propulsion, having in front of the groove, which includes the tooth carriage installed with the prob is the possibility of movement on the drive shaft inertial propulsion and having on each side of the sleeve with the internal toothed crowns, members into engagement with one or the other cylindrical gears, one of which is fixed to the front driven shaft inertial propulsion, and the other on the rear driven hollow shaft inertial propulsion, and carriage through the plug, mounted on a shaft connected with the control stick forward and reverse, mounted on the same shaft, in addition, on the front driven shaft inertial propulsion and rear driven hollow shaft inertial propulsion fixed cross, the four corners each of which has a free sitting on the axes of the toothed gears with non-balances included in engagement respectively with the front fixed gear attached to the front cover and the rear stationary gear attached to the back cover, with four gears in each cross each subsequent unbalance offset from the previous unbalance 90°.



 

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