Erection method of timber constructions

FIELD: construction industry.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to construction industry, and namely to timber constructions erection methods. Construction is made from machined wooden planks which are put one onto the other along the whole construction's perimeter. Required construction height is reached step by step. In this case planks of the subsequent row overlap the joints of preceding row at interface points. Adhesive coat is applied to each row of planks. Erected construction is held under pressure until adhesive coat is cured.

EFFECT: manufacturing of solid wooden block construction under workshop conditions and providing its strength.

4 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, and in particular to methods of erection of wooden buildings made of solid laminated panels.

There is a method of construction of the walls of the structure from glued beams, in which the glued laminated timber is made from machined on four sides in the factory boards, Assembly plant is at the construction site (Telegin. A. the Latest high-performance technologies in design and production of wooden houses and buildings of wood prefabricated structures. // Delevoy, business magazine woodworking, may-June 2006, s-137).

However, this method does not provide:

- ability to build structures in the factory;

- the strength of the structure, as the structure is composed of multiple elements that are not sufficiently firmly connected to each other.

The closest is the way of erection of wooden buildings made of solid laminated panels (Telegin, A. the Latest high-performance technologies in design and production of wooden houses and buildings of wood prefabricated structures. // Delevoy, business magazine woodworking, may-June 2006, s-137). The method consists in the manufacture of glued solid panels, including the drying of lumber, their coalescence in length, machining boards, application of the MDL, the injection glued panels, mechanical processing in the factory. The Assembly structures of the obtained laminated panels are manufactured on the construction site.

However, this method does not provide: the Assembly of structures in the factory, in addition, the strength of the facilities are insufficient, because they are assembled from individual panels.

The present invention is to manufacture a monolithic, one-piece around the perimeter of the wooden structures in the factory to ensure the strength of the structure.

The technical result consists in increasing the strength of the structures and in creating opportunities construction in the factory.

The result is achieved that the method of construction of wooden structures, which consists in drying, machining boards, the adhesive surfaces of the boards with the formation of laminated panels, machined at the factory, according to the invention on a flat surface of the floor Assembly plant to produce the layout arrangement of the walls of the construction, are placed around the perimeter of buildings according to the layout of the first row of boards, after application to it of the adhesive layer stack the second row of boards so that the junctions of the Board of the second and all subsequent even-numbered rows overlap the joints of boards of the first and vsevolodich odd rows, then around the perimeter of buildings to create the pressure required for bonding of the boards, and stand structure under pressure to harden the adhesive layer.

The invention is illustrated in the drawings, figure 1 shows the layout of the perimeter of the construction, figure 2 shows the scheme of laying the first row and all odd rows of boards, figure 3 - laying the second and subsequent even rows of planks. Figure 4 shows butt site structure.

The method is as follows:

in the Assembly shop accumulate the required number of boards, enough to build structures obtained by the process comprising the drying of lumber, their coalescence in length, machining;

- on a flat surface of the floor Assembly plant scheduled markup of the path of future structures, for example, as shown in figure 1, the corresponding external dimensions of the erected wooden structures;

- stack the first row of boards 1 on the perimeter according to the marking (2, 4);

- stack the second row of boards (figure 3, figure 4) around the perimeter so that the junctions of the Board of the second row overlap the joints adjunction of boards of the first row;

each row of boards applied adhesive layer 3 (figure 4);

- then put the third row of boards whose location in the plan corresponds to the location of the first row of planks;

- lay subsequent rows of boards on one another, causing the adhesive layer on each row, the arrangement of odd rows of boards in the plan corresponds to the first row of boards, even rows of planks are in the plan, as the second row. So gather exterior wall - frame structures;

then around the perimeter of buildings to create the pressure required for bonding of boards, pressure is created by known methods, for example by mechanical means;

under pressure construction can withstand up to hardening of the adhesive layers.

The implementation of the junctions structures with overlapping joints adjunction odd rows 1 boards boards 2 even-numbered rows and the press-fitting one-piece monolithic construction provides the strength of the structure, which creates the possibility of erecting it in the factory with further transportation to the construction site during the construction of houses.

The resulting structure (figure 4) consists of a rectangular or any specified multifaceted solid wood construction. This design is an outer supporting frame houses and buildings for various purposes.

The method of construction of wooden structures, which consists in drying, cutting boards, applying the adhesive, the pressing boards with education glued PA the oil, their machined at the factory, characterized in that on the smooth surface of the floor Assembly plant to produce the layout arrangement of the walls of the construction, placed on the perimeter according to the layout of the first row of boards, after application of the adhesive layer stack the second row of boards so that the junctions of the Board of the second and all subsequent even-numbered rows overlap the joints of boards of the first and all subsequent odd rows, then around the perimeter of buildings to create the pressure required for bonding of boards, and is kept under pressure to harden the adhesive layer.



 

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