Systems and methods for random number generation out of astronomical events

FIELD: physics; information technologies.

SUBSTANCE: invention describes detector (110), logic circuit (120), storing device (125), power source (140) and communication device (130). Detector can be represented by solar wind particle detector, alpha particle detector, gamma particle detector, or similar device. Communication device transmits data. In addition, logic circuit applies predetermined mathematic rules to collected data to generate absolute random numbers to be used in gamble, horoscopes, astrology, sound or light displays and other activities. In addition, logic circuit can encode the random numbers before sending them to a receiver.

EFFECT: simplified generator construction, transparence of method.

17 cl, 4 dwg

 

CROSS-REFERENCE TO RELATED APPLICATION

This application claims the priority of an earlier, are simultaneously pending, pre-competent application U.S. No. 60/464409 filed April 21, 2003. This application is included in this application by reference.

Prerequisites FOR the CREATION of the PRESENT INVENTION

A. the technical Field to which the present invention

The present invention relates to a random number generator, and more correct, to devices and methods for generating random numbers and other data from astronomical events.

C. Description of the prior art,

It was found that the randomness and random data traditionally used for a variety of purposes, for example, in games of chance, such as dice games. Such random data often take the form of, for example, random numbers, letters, symbols, or other variables without limitation by light and sound.

With the advent of computers, people have realized the need of introducing randomness in a computer program. However, unexpectedly, as can be seen, it is difficult to force the computer to do something. The computer that runs the program, blindly follows her commands and, therefore, is completely predictable. Currently available software tools that generate "pseudo the tea" number. Although these numbers appear to be random, they are not truly random, because the software uses deterministic rules.

Truly random numbers are usually generated by sampling and data sources of entropy outside the computer. Random numbers can also be generated in the computer, if available source of internal energy. The source of entropy can be simple, for example, changes in the movements of the mouse or the amount of time between keystrokes. However, in practice it may be difficult to use the user input as a source of entropy. For example, the keystrokes are often buffered by the operating system of the computer, meaning that few keystrokes are caught before they are passed to the program, waiting for them. For the program it will appear as if keys were pressed almost simultaneously.

A good source of entropy is a radioactive source. Points in time, which are the decay of radioactive source, are unpredictable and can be selected and entered into the computer, avoiding any buffering mechanisms in the operating system. Other sources of entropy can be radionoise, thermal noise, acoustic background noise from the office or laboratory, or hits on website.

The quality of the "randomness" can be measured in different ways. One usual way is to calculate the intensity of the flow of information or entropy in a series of numbers. The higher the entropy in a series of numbers, the greater the difficulty to predict a given number based on the previous numbers in the series. A good sequence of random numbers will have a high level of entropy, while a high level of entropy does not guarantee randomness. (For example, a computer file that has been compressed using a compression program files commercial software often has a high level of entropy, but these data are highly structured and, therefore, are not random). Therefore, for a thorough test of the random number generator of a single calculation of the entropy numbers is not sufficient. Citizens can find more details on the website http : //www.random.org/essay.html

In prior art describes several methods of generating random numbers. See, for example, U.S. patent No. 6542014; No. 6393448 and No. 6435501.

Third random number generators have unique requirements. Used in this application, the term "third party" means any random number generator, in which the potential user may not be a physical witness to the act of generation numbers.

Gambling IG is s, lottery in some States and countries, for example, bingo or lotteries, often carried out using a physical device, such as a container containing numbered balls from which to draw random balls (for good luck). Some lottery Commission tend to use systems-based computer to simulate a container containing numbered balls. One such example is New Zealand.

Fast-paced market, known as the "Internet games", refers to the use of random number generators to produce results for the victory of the capabilities of each and every game. Use two types of random number generators: generators that generate random numbers, called "true" random numbers representing the data streams generated by hardware devices designed to generate random numbers; and generators that generate random numbers, called "pseudo-random" numbers, through the use of software tools designed for this purpose.

Some in the gambling and lottery fact suggest that there should be four requirements for drawing, based on the use of the computer: (1) the probability of a set of numbers, we extend the computer must be the same probability, which would be when IP is the use of numbered balls, pulling completely at random from the container; (2) no one (including the programmer or the person certifying the way) should not be able to predict pulling numbers; (3) no one should be able to influence the result of stretching for his or her benefits; and (4) a qualified person must be able to prove that the first three conditions are satisfied, as summarized by Robert Davis on the website http://www.robertnz.net/true_rng.html.

For third-party generators of random numbers, suitable for games, must also be satisfied the following additional requirements: (5) the potential player should be able to understand how the random number generator; (6) the potential player must accept the random number generator as "fair"; and (7) the generator must be new.

Some random number generators based on the use of photon detectors, such as generators, described in U.S. patent No. 6539410, and some random number generators based on turbulent convection, such as generators, described in patent publication U.S. No. 2001/0076293 known in the prior art. However, it will be extremely difficult to explain to potential player, how these systems work. Should be sufficient that the random number generator suitable for games, is what I'm "honest" in accordance with paragraphs 1-4 above description. Potential player must perceive it as "honest" generator.

In accordance with this prior art there is a need for new systems and methods of generating true random numbers or other random data that satisfy the above requirements and eliminate the limitations of the prior art.

A SUMMARY of the PRESENT INVENTION

Systems and methods that correspond to the principles of the present invention is directed to meet these and other needs by providing a new random number generator. The present invention is novel in that it generates a stream of truly random numbers from the true cosmic forces (world) space. The present invention provides a direct link with the forces of nature, including third-party events in a way that is transparent and new.

In one embodiment, the present invention is directed to a receiving device for detecting signals from astronomical events, such as cosmic radiation, for the purpose of generating random numbers. Such random numbers suitable for use in a wide variety of applications, for example in games, horoscopes, astrology, sound and light displays, and so forth. The device is in contains a detector of cosmic rays, a logic circuit with a storage device, a power source and communication device. The management scheme is used to record raw data from the detector and to transmit such data or processed data from the raw data with predetermined intervals, through the communication device to the receiving device, such as a gaming device. The device can operate in a vacuum, for example, on an artificial satellite, and life-sustaining environment, for example, on a manned space station, as well as on Earth.

In another embodiment, the present invention proposes a method that uses a mathematical or other algorithmic rules for data collection to generate random numbers. The method may additionally include means for encrypting the generated random numbers.

Another variant of implementation of the present invention allows a device with multiple detectors.

In yet another embodiment, the present invention provides the device with means for samoorganizovannoe, which remains oriented to the source of astronomical events.

More specifically, the present invention provides a random number is l, contains

(a) means for detecting signals from astronomical events;

(b) means for calculating the random data of the specified signals; and

(C) means for storing the specified random data.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a random number generator, containing

(a) means for detecting signals from astronomical events;

(b) means for calculating the random numbers of the specified signals;

(c) means for storing the specified random number; and

(d) means for distribution of these random numbers to the receiving means.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a random number generator having a processor running software for processing astronomical signals for generating true random numbers using mathematical rules and regulations shall provide for the calculation of the standard deviations of pulses representing the data from the signals.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a method of generating random data, providing

(a) the accumulation of entropy by detecting signals from astronomical events;

(b) generating a random data signal, using mathematical rules;

(a) storing random data;

(d) elimination of the digital bias in random data; and

(e) creating and storing sets of random data from unbiased (unbiased) random data.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a method of generating random numbers, providing

(a) the accumulation of entropy by detecting signals from astronomical events;

(b) storing signals;

(c) a random number generation of the signals using mathematical rules;

(d) storing the random number;

(e) elimination of the digital offset random number;

(f) creating and storing sets of random numbers from an unbiased random number; and

(g) allocation of numbers from the set of random numbers to users.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a method of generating random numbers using mathematical rules for

(a) storing a series of pulses received from the detector, and each pulse represents the raw astronomical data from the detector, taken over a period of time, and the number of pulses is statistically significant; and

(b) calculations of the statistical variance of each pulse is as follows:

(1) if the pulse is equal to or more positive standard otklonenie is, it's considered to be "1",

(2) if the pulse is equal to or more negative standard deviation, it is considered to be "0"and

(3) if the pulse is between the negative standard deviation and positive standard deviation, it is considered zero.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a method for improving the randomness of gambling by providing access to a truly random numbers generated from astronomical events involving

(a) detecting signals from astronomical events;

(b) a random number generation of the signals using mathematical rules;

(c) storing the random number;

(d) processing of random numbers to estimate the shift; and

(e) distribution of processed random number to gambling operators.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a method of generating random data, providing

(a) detecting signals from cosmic phenomena using specialized sensors in space;

(b) transmitting signals of the base station on the Earth;

(c) storing signals;

(d) applying to the signals of the procedures for generating random data; and

(e) transfer of random data to one or more end users.

In another embodiment is sushestvennee the present invention provides a method of generating random data, providing

(a) receiving signals from cosmic phenomena using specialized sensors in the Earth;

(b) transmitting signals of the base station;

(c) storing signals;

(d) applying to the signals of the procedures for generating random data; and

(e) transfer of random data to one or more end users.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a method of generating random data, providing

(a) receiving signals from cosmic phenomena on existing ground-based data collection;

(b) transmitting signals of the base station;

(c) storing signals;

(d) applying to the signals of the procedures for generating random data; and

(e) transfer of random data to one or more end users.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a method of generating random data, providing

(a) detecting signals from the event under the influence of cosmic phenomena;

(b) transmitting signals of the base station;

(c) storing signals at the base station;

(d) applying to the signals of the procedures for generating random data; and

(e) transfer of random data to one or more end users.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides an str is about generating a periodic stream of random numbers, providing

(a) detecting signals from cosmic sources for use as the initial numbers;

(b) the transfer of the initial numbers of the base station;

(c) storing the initial numbers;

(d) applying to the initial number of algorithmic calculations to generate random numbers; and

(e) transmit the random number to one or more end users.

In another embodiment, the present invention provides a method of generating a continuous stream of random numbers, providing

(a) detecting signals from cosmic events;

(b) continuous transmission signals of the base station;

(c) the generation of signals continuous stream of random numbers; and

(d) continuous transmission of random numbers to one or more end users.

BRIEF DESCRIPTION of DRAWINGS

The accompanying drawings, which are included in the description and form part of this description, illustrate the present invention and together with the description, explain the present invention. Drawings

Figure 1 is a block diagram illustrating an implementation option of the present invention;

Figure 2 is a block diagram illustrating another variant of implementation of the present invention;

Figure 3 - block diagram of the detector grid 210 of the flowchart illustrated in figure 2; and

Figure 4 - schematic diagrams the high level, illustrating the technological route for one possible implementation of the present invention.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION of the PRESENT INVENTION

Definition

For the purposes of this application, and for a more complete understanding of the extent and nature of the present invention defined in the following terms.

The term "random number" means not only the usual number, for example, "0", "1", "2" and so on, presented in random order or in a random time, but also random letters, symbols, or signals, is able to play or is able to control the process.

The term "entropy" means a measure of disorder or randomness in a closed system.

The term "astronomical event" means any event that is in some way generated by the interaction of forces or bodies, or has an effect on strength or body space.

The term "user" means a player in a game of chance, the subject involved in horoscopes or astrology, or involved in creating the environment through light or sound, where the change of structural elements affected by the forces of space as described in the present invention.

The term "third party" means any random number generator, in which a potential user of random numbers cannot be a witness steps to generate the project numbers.

Detecting and collecting random data

Generating true random numbers and data require a source of truly random raw data or entropy, which is outside of the random number generator. In one embodiment, the present invention uses a data flow observations from space from artificial satellites revolving currently in the universe. For example, some will detect and measure the temperature of outer space; some are magnetic and solar winds, some ions of the Northern lights, and some perturbations of the sun and violations of the compositions of Saturn's rings.

All these data are currently transmitted through existing sensors and sent via satellite to the ground stations. This constant stream of data.

In one embodiment, the present invention intercepts the different data streams several times per minute to prevent anxiety that data streams can be secretly changed.

In another embodiment, the present invention relates to a single stream of data that can be encrypted.

In another embodiment, a stream of random data observations from space shift or "mixed" with another stream of random data (for example, whether manufactured industrially mi is rashami-random number generator) to generate a unique set of numbers (in doing so, the impact of any secret of change is meaningless from a statistical point of view).

Streams of random numbers or data may be transferred from outer space on an artificial satellite or space station or a high-altitude balloon or other moving platform or ground-based telescope or other device. Random numbers can be accepted by the receiver located on the mobile phone mast or other means for additional processing or additional allocations's operators or end users.

Generating random numbers

To generate true random numbers from an algorithmic process based on the use of the computer requires a source of entropy, which is external to the random number generator. It is essential to prevent the derivation process "seed" and prevent the numeric sequence using techniques forced decryption. In the present invention the source of entropy comes from cosmic sources.

To achieve the quality required for the generation of true random numbers, the present invention includes the following options: (1) easy you who areaffected option which uses traditional methods of obtaining initial numbers and algorithmic calculations, but in which the process of obtaining the initial numbers directly from unpredictable cosmic sources, and (2) non-algorithmic hardware-based option generation, which uses cosmic events, for example, light and sound, to create a continuous stream of random numbers.

In any case, to generate random numbers using the identical structure of the technological route of a high level. The main steps of this method are illustrated in figure 4. These stages are: (1) the accumulation of entropy; (2) elimination of the digital offset; (3) creation of a random population; and (4) the distribution of random numbers.

The accumulation of entropy

In the first stage, the present invention uses electromagnetic signals, such as light or radio waves as chaotic generating bits. Radio waves and light coming from outer space, is used for excitation of the corresponding hardware-related accumulation of native connections. Possible sources include, without limitation cosmic rays, events, solar wind, solar flares, gravitational effects and the influence of disturbance outside the solar system and astronomical is abitia and influence. During use, the actual source of this information at any point in time will probably remain a secret for the user to ensure the preservation of its integrity.

First, the source of chaotic data (for example, signals from astronomical events) creates a sequence of bits generated by the detector. In a continuous flow they are either units (1)or zero (0). Due to the tendency for this thread to become displaced in any direction (i.e. 1 or 0), requires a process called elimination of distortion.

Bridging the digital offset

In another element of the present invention uses procedures to eliminate bias and ensure the randomness of the data. When using an accepted method of correcting the distortion will be removed any bias. A qualified specialist in this area of technology will be obvious that there are different means to accomplish the elimination of distortions.

Suppose that the initial output of the random number is

01101110010111011110001001101010111100110111111000010001

First, we split this set in a sequence of 2 bits in

01 10 11 100101 11 01 11 1000 1001 10 10 10 11 11 00 11 01 11 11 100001 0001

Then eliminate repetitive sequence 00 and 11:

01 10_1001 01_01_10_10 01 10 10 10____01__10_01_01

Finally, 01 replaced by 0, and 10 replaceable n is 1, receiving the end-of-line:

01 10111 10001 0 1 00

Creating a collection of random numbers

The bit stream is accumulated in the cache memory of the computer before using it for customer service. Now for guaranteeing the quality of the generated numbers is a continuous evaluation process. These assessments form part of the quality level of service and to give effect to the feedback circuit to the original source of entropy. This may have the effect of switching sources on a continuous basis.

Distribution

Then, correcting the anomaly distortion, the data is accumulated in a set of numbers to distribution through a series of levels of service.

For the distribution of random numbers to customers, for example, casino, providers, horoscopes and others, provides a range of services. They include Internet services, collection of file transfer Protocol (used on the Internet) and tools based on XML.

It should be noted that the distribution of random numbers is not necessarily transferred immediately. For example, in one embodiment, a random number can be transmitted with some delay or stored for future use, for example, in the selection of winning numbers for "scratch cards".

It should also be noted that in another embodiment, this is subramania are not required at all stages of "distribution" of random data. This happens, for example, if the end user has access to all system elements, including astronomical event, the receiving means, for example, to the telescope or satellite antenna, and ensure the randomness of the data at the point of use.

Hardware realization

Figure 1 shows a block diagram of a variant of implementation 100 of the present invention. Logic circuitry or a processor 120 that contains a storage device 125, connected to the detector 110 and 130 two-way communication. Detector 110 is a detector designed to detect electromagnetic or other signals generated by a random astronomical events such as cosmic rays, solar wind or eruptions, supernovae and other events. In another embodiment, the detector 110 may be adapted to detect turbulence in the earth's atmosphere or turbulence in the ocean waves. The source 140 power supply provides the necessary power for elements 110, 120 and 130. In this embodiment, the storage device 125 stores the raw data coming from the detector 110 within a predetermined period of time, and then transmits the data via wireless communication using the communication devices 130. Remote BA the new station or other receiving device (not shown) receives the data and then using mathematical procedures converts it into a random number for later playback or other use. All the features of the present invention is performed under the control of software, and this software is preferably stored in the storage device 125.

The random number generator described in this application, preferably consists of a multitude of available components that can operate in a vacuum environment, for example, on an artificial satellite, or a life-supporting environment of the space station or on the Ground. Qualified professionals in this area of technology will be obvious that there are many available components that can perform the various functions required to implement the present invention.

In an alternative embodiment, circuitry for converting raw data into a random number is mounted together with the detector and the communication device transmits themselves random numbers, but not the raw data, if there is no corresponding commands to a remote receiver. In yet another embodiment, the present invention additionally includes the actual device for gambling games such as keno machine mounted with the detector and Converter circuitry, and a communication device only transmits the results of gambling, using locally generated random number in AC is este input signals.

Below is an example that illustrates but does not limit the present invention. The detector 110 is switched on for "x" seconds and the raw data is received and stored in the form of "pulse". The results are transmitted to the base module and stored. This pulse is repeated a statistically significant number of times. For the purposes of this description, it is assumed that the results form a standard curve of normal distribution. With this information, the present invention is able to apply mathematical rules to convert the raw data into a random number as follows.

Calculate the statistical variance performed on each pulse. The results of this calculation will generate a table such as the table below to convert the pulse to a random number suitable for gambling.

(a) If the pulse is equal to or more positive standard deviations, it is considered "1".

(b) If the pulse is equal to or more negative standard deviation, it is considered "0".

(c) If the pulse is between the negative standard deviation and positive standard deviation, it is considered zero.

Figure 2 shows a block diagram illustrating another variant of implementation of the present invention 100. This exercise is designed to genera the Finance random numbers, suitable for gambling games like keno. The detector grid 210 is composed of discrete elements or areas of detection. As illustrated in figure 3, event, detective locations 14 grid detection will not be detected (or is less) detector nets around it, in particular 1, 2, 3, 13, 15, 25, 26 and 27.

To guarantee the generation of a random number suitable for gambling, the detector grid 210 must be specially oriented for optimal results. For example, if the source data of astronomical events is the sun such as solar flares, the detector must be oriented towards the sun, to ensure uninterrupted supply of data. The device 220 supports the positioning of the detector grid 210. The source 140 power supply provides power for all components. The circuit 130 provides two-way communication link between the device and a remote base station or other receiving device.

Below is another example that should clarify, but not to limit the present invention. In this embodiment, the detecting device corresponding to the circuit design and the gaming device placed in outer space, for example, the temptation is to develop the satellite. In orbit can perform the following operations.

1. Self test

2. Testing results from the detector grid

3. The start of the game

4. The end of the game

5. Encryption of game results

6. Post game results

7. Encryption and message test data and raw data, if you have the appropriate commands

8. Installation in the initial state (reset) and re-run

See below for more description of the above steps.

The self-test. The first phase is to ensure proper device operation. Logic circuit 120 performs a diagnostic program before starting a new game. Any problems reported to the base station for analysis.

Testing results from the detector grid. The next step is to ensure that the detector grid will actually detect a statistically random event. For statistical analysis will store enough data. Will be calculated one positive standard deviation and is used to determine the threshold events ("hits").

The game starts. For purposes of this example, gambling provides a selection of six of the 48 possible numbers for the greatest return. There may not be the same number. Thus, if the logic circuitry 120 determines that a threshold event which was ootvetstvovali the number one grid, the number of registered and not used again.

The end of the game. When thus defined six such rooms, the game ends.

Encryption results. To maintain the security of the encrypted results of the logical circuit 120.

The results of the game. Six winning numbers passed to the operator's base station games. Among other things, the outcome of a game can be transferred to the gaming Commission or other exercising control to the managing Agency and/or a disinterested third party to ensure fairness to all players participating in the game.

Encryption and message test data and raw data, if you have the appropriate commands. To ensure that the owner of the device that the device is working properly, the processor is controlled by means of software, or module hardware encryption is used to encrypt messages and all game data from the original test data to the raw data of the actual game. Among other things, exercising control control Agency and/or a disinterested third party may require access to this information. If bandwidth is not a problem, this information can be transmitted for each game. Assuming that bandwidth is one the camping problem, this information can be transmitted in the form of a pre-defined tables and/or on demand.

The application

The present invention is useful in various games and other situations. For example, the resulting product can be provided for existing casinos and parlors Bingo, Keno, Casino, Lottery and gaming websites on the Internet. Among other things, this technology may also be provided for non-gaming markets, such as astrological and giroskopicheskikh services or any service, which is based on data flow, based on the randomness generated by the forces of outer space. On the basis of the present invention can be also developed computer games.

The Central data processing and storage can encrypt data and transmit information from the ground station to satellite, or station of a lower-level station of a higher level through the satellite network. Then they are passed to the Internet and directly to end users or other stakeholders. End users can use random numbers directly to their online games, lotteries, and so forth, or the stream of random numbers obtained from cosmic events, served in its own carrier-random number generators, approved IG the new Commission. In this case, the data of the present invention will be "primary numbers"that fill the "shell" approved random number generator (RNG).

In this case, the present invention provides the ability to create unique and innovative consumer products for casino operators Keno, Bingo parlors, gaming Internet sites, lottery scratch cards, retail stores, horoscopic Internet sites and other places where the use of numbers, letters, light, sound and other data generated from the forces of space.

Although the present invention has been described in this application with reference to some preferred embodiments of these options for implementation are described for illustration only and not to limit the scope of the present invention. In this application was made many references, all descriptions of which are included in this application in their entirety by reference.

1. The random data containing means for detecting signals from astronomical events, a means for determining random data from these signals, and means for storing these random data.

2. The random number generator containing a means for detecting signals from astronomical events, a means for calculating random numbers from specified the output signals, means for storing the specified random number, and means for distribution of these random numbers to the receiving means.

3. The random number generator according to claim 2, in which astronomical events contain events of cosmic ray events in the solar wind or events solar flares.

4. The random number generator according to claim 2, in which the means for detecting signal is a detector of electromagnetic signals, suitable for use in outer space.

5. The random number generator according to claim 2, in which the means for calculating random numbers contains a processor running software tools for signal processing using mathematical rules.

6. The random number generator according to claim 5, in which the mathematical rules provide for calculation of the standard deviations of pulses representing the data from the signals.

7. The method of generating random data, providing for the accumulation of entropy by detecting signals from astronomical events, the generation of random data signal, using mathematical rules, storing random data, elimination of the digital bias in random data, and creating and storing sets of random data from unbiased random data.

8. The method of generating random numbers, providing n is the accumulation of entropy by detecting signals from astronomical events storing signals, the random number generation of the signals using mathematical rules, storing random numbers, elimination of the digital offset random numbers, creating and storing sets of random numbers from an unbiased random number and the distribution of numbers from the set of random numbers to users.

9. The method according to claim 8, in which the mathematical rules provides for the storage of a series of pulses received from the detector, and each pulse represents the raw data from the detector, taken over a period of time, and the number of pulses is statistically significant, and calculations of statistical deviation of each pulse in the following way: if the pulse is equal to or more positive standard deviations, it is considered to be "1"when the pulse is equal to or more negative standard deviation, it is considered "0", and if the pulse is between the negative standard deviation and positive standard deviation, it is considered zero.

10. Method for improving the randomness of gambling by providing access to a truly random numbers generated from astronomical events involving the detection signals from astronomical events, random number generation of the signals using mathematical rules, the storage case is inih numbers, processing of random numbers to estimate the bias, and the distribution of processed random number to gambling operators.

11. The method of generating random data, providing detection signals of cosmic phenomena using specialized sensors in space, the transmission signals of the base station on Earth, the storage signal applied to the signals of procedures to generate random data, and transmit random data to one or more end users.

12. The method of generating random data, providing for the reception of signals from cosmic phenomena using specialized sensors on the Ground, the transmission signals of the base station, storing the signals applied to the signals of procedures to generate random data, and transmit random data to one or more end users.

13. The method of generating random data, providing for the reception of signals from cosmic phenomena on existing ground-based data collection, transmission signals of the base station, storing the signals applied to the signals of procedures to generate random data, and transmit random data to one or more end users.

14. The method of generating random data, providing detection signals from events p is on the influence of cosmic phenomena, the transmission signals of the base station, storing the signals at the base station, the application of signals of procedures to generate random data, and transmit random data to one or more end users.

15. The method according to 14, in which events contain the excitement (oscillation) of the ocean or the movement of clouds and cosmic phenomena contain the influence of gravity and solar radiation.

16. The method of generating a periodic stream of random numbers, providing detection signals from cosmic sources for use as the initial numbers, the initial numbers of the base station, storing the initial numbers that apply to the initial number of algorithmic calculations to generate a random number, and transmitting the random number to one or more end users.

17. The method of generating a continuous stream of random numbers, providing detection signals from cosmic events, continuous transmission of base station signals, the generation of signals continuous stream of random numbers, and continuous transmission of random numbers to one or more end users.



 

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6 dwg

FIELD: information technology.

SUBSTANCE: invention refers to the computer science, cryptographic encoding and discrete information transfer and can be used for creation of pseudorandom sequences generators. The device consists of the timing pulse generator, control and adjustment unit and series of uniform cells with corresponding relations.

EFFECT: enhancement of functional possibilities of the device and realisation of program change of generator's structure during the working process.

2 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be applied in obtaining ultradispersed powder oxides of fusible metals used in ceramics, chemical power sources, catalyst matrixes and other fields. The method of obtaining ultradispersed metal oxides involves an electric discharge of amplitude over 500 V, pulse duration over 100 microseconds and under 2500 microseconds between needle points produced by stretching molten metal or metal mix in a gas oxygen-containing medium. Voltage pulse is applied to the needle point in the moment of the melt disruption. The method uses a voltage pulse generator including a step-up transformer comprising a magnetic core, two powerful composite transistors and a power source with one pole connected to the common point of transistor emitters through a throttle, and another pole connected to the common point of inductive loads of the transistor collectors. Primary transformer coils are used as inductive loads; collectors of each transistor are connected to the base of another transistor through the serial capacitor and variable resistors, while the bases of the transistors are connected through the respective resistors to that power source pole, to which collector loads of the transistors are connected; output voltage is yielded at the secondary transformer coil.

EFFECT: obtaining ultradispersed metal oxides with fractal structure clean of metal particles.

3 cl, 6 ex, 10 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in frequency synthesising circuits, general-purpose generators and, particularly, in data recovery channels in compact disk (CD) players and digital versatile disk players (DVD). Technical result is achieved in broadband generator, which includes dynamic loads control circuit containing operational amplifier (OA) (9) and transistor (T) (10), voltage reference (VR) (24), current source (CS) (11) and broadband core (2), containing CS (12, 13), capacitor 1 (K) (14), T (16-19) by introduction of comparator (3) with T (20-23) and buffer amplifier (BA) (4). Besides, T (10, 16, 17) are arranged as p-channeled transistors. Capacitor 2 (15) parallel to capacitor 1 (14) is introduced into broadband generator core (2). In addition, CS control inputs (11, 12, 13) are linked with output 4 (8), inverting OA input (9), which is connected with output 2 (6) through VR (24). Buffer amplifier input (4) is linked with transistor T input (21) and T output (23) of comparator (3). Buffer amplifier output (4) is connected with output 3 (7).

EFFECT: maximum widening of retuning range, linearity of broadband generator retuning, decrease of power voltage, generation of output digital signal with standard logical levels.

1 dwg

FIELD: electric engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention may be used in frequency synthesising circuits, general-purpose generators and, particularly, in data recovery channels in compact disk (CD) players and digital versatile disk players (DVD). Technical result is achieved in broadband generator, which includes dynamic loads control circuit containing operational amplifier (OA) (9) and transistor (T) (10), voltage reference (VR) (24), current source (CS) (11) and broadband core (2), containing CS (12, 13), capacitor 1 (K) (14), T (16-19) by introduction of comparator (3) with T (20-23) and buffer amplifier (BA) (4). Besides, T (10, 16, 17) are arranged as p-channeled transistors. Capacitor 2 (15) parallel to capacitor 1 (14) is introduced into broadband generator core (2). In addition, CS control inputs (11, 12, 13) are linked with output 4 (8), inverting OA input (9), which is connected with output 2 (6) through VR (24). Buffer amplifier input (4) is linked with transistor T input (21) and T output (23) of comparator (3). Buffer amplifier output (4) is connected with output 3 (7).

EFFECT: maximum widening of retuning range, linearity of broadband generator retuning, decrease of power voltage, generation of output digital signal with standard logical levels.

1 dwg

FIELD: systems of monitoring and control.

SUBSTANCE: generator consists of power supply unit module, control unit module that switches on control panel, clock generator, controlling microcontroller, module of multi-channel delay device with preset number of output pulses channels. Input and output pulse channels are made in the form of optical transducers of signals. Control unit additionally contains programmed logical integral circuit (CU PLIC), every module of delay device additionally contains auxiliary microcontroller (DM MC), timer and programmed logical integral circuit of delay module (DM PLIC). In delayed pulses generator control unit may additionally contain communication interface, the group of outputs of which from one side is connected to outputs of controlling microcontroller, and group of outputs from the other side of interface is arranged with the possibility of connection to personal computer via COM-port.

EFFECT: simplification of design and algorithm of operation, increase of noise immunity and reliability of operation.

2 cl, 1 dwg

Pulse generator // 2326482

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related generator of control pulses, for instance, in switching stabilizer. Technical result consists in the fact that without reduction of duration of synchronizing pulse, which serves as single interval of pulse generator time, width-pulse control is possible, at that the duration of pulse is changed in move out times, which are shorter than the single time interval. The duration of Ton_s signal of accurate division of pulse duration Vs, which comes from the processor of signal digital processing (PSDP) (17), is changed by duration of synchronizing pulse Tclk depending on the deviations of output voltage Vo. The device of time interval control (18), which receives signal of accurate division of pulse duration Vs, shapes in control signal Vd changing segments (30, 31) for change of duration of setting signal Vg change for shorter value of time ΔTd, than duration of synchronizing pulse Tclk. As a result, the division of duration of setting signal Vg is improved, being better, than duration of synchronizing pulse Tclk, i.e. time resolution of the PSDP (17).

EFFECT: receiving the possibility of width-pulse control without reduction of synchronizing pulse duration.

7 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: group of inventions may be used in impulse devices operating in the quasi-resonant or resonant mode, including voltage converters, pulse generators with or without magnetic compression. For the elimination of the emergency power oscillation mode and to increase their efficiency, a capacitive energy recuperation method is proposed involving the following: the recuperated capacitance is connected to the primary winding of the recuperation link pulse transformer, which is used to transform its voltage, and the recuperated energy is transferred to the filter capacitor or another receiver of this energy through a rectifying element. Three devices implementing this capacitive energy recuperation method are proposed: a voltage converter, a unipolar pulse generator, and a pulse generator with magnetic compression. The voltage threshold in the capacitor C1, at which the process of recuperation of its energy into the filter capacitor C0 begins, depends on the recuperation link transformation ratio and is determined using the formula: where: Uc1 is a voltage of the recuperated capacitor C1, Uc0 is a voltage of the filter capacitor, N1 is a number of turns of the recuperation link transformer primary winding, N2 is a number of turns of the recuperation link transformer secondary winding. The energy transfer is carried out in the oscillation mode, with no losses in the switches.

EFFECT: increased reliability and efficiency of resonant and quasi-resonant circuits.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: physics, computation equipment.

SUBSTANCE: generator of discrete orthogonal multilevel signals includes pacing generator, frequency splitter, Walsh function generation unit, three multiplier groups, 'NOT' element, switchboard, two control signal generation units, and amplifiers with variable amplification gain. Pacer generator output is connected to input of frequency splitter, output of which is connected to clock input of Walsh function generation unit, to first input of each multiplier of first group, and via 'NOT' element to first input of each amplifier of second group, to clock inputs of control signal generation units. Outputs of Walsh function generation unit are connected to first input of corresponding amplifier from third group, to master input of switchboard, and to data input of switchboard respectively. Switchboard output is connected to second inputs of all third group amplifiers. Output of one of the third group amplifiers is connected to second outputs of respective amplifiers from the first and second groups. Outputs of amplifiers from the first and second groups are connected to inputs of respective amplifiers with variable amplification gain. Outputs of control signal generation units are connected to master inputs of amplifiers with variable amplification gain, outputs of which are the device outputs.

EFFECT: enhanced jamming resistance of generated discrete orthogonal signals.

4 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: physics, computation equipment.

SUBSTANCE: generator of discrete orthogonal multilevel signals includes pacing generator, frequency splitter, Walsh function generation unit, three multiplier groups, 'NOT' element, switchboard, two control signal generation units, and amplifiers with variable amplification gain. Pacer generator output is connected to input of frequency splitter, output of which is connected to clock input of Walsh function generation unit, to first input of each multiplier of first group, and via 'NOT' element to first input of each amplifier of second group, to clock inputs of control signal generation units. Outputs of Walsh function generation unit are connected to first input of corresponding amplifier from third group, to master input of switchboard, and to data input of switchboard respectively. Switchboard output is connected to second inputs of all third group amplifiers. Output of one of the third group amplifiers is connected to second outputs of respective amplifiers from the first and second groups. Outputs of amplifiers from the first and second groups are connected to inputs of respective amplifiers with variable amplification gain. Outputs of control signal generation units are connected to master inputs of amplifiers with variable amplification gain, outputs of which are the device outputs.

EFFECT: enhanced jamming resistance of generated discrete orthogonal signals.

4 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: random sequences generator relates to computing processes, in particular, to discrete sequences generators and may be used in digital computers, TV, telecommunication systems, in generation of the orthogonal address sequences, as well as in the data protection systems. The said generator consists of the clock pulse generator, NO-component, n-digit counter, two AND-components, one shift register, function number register and trigger. The generator incorporates the units of generation of producing sequence, the key and the module 2 adder.

EFFECT: wider functions of the Wolsch function generator thanks to possibility of generation of random sequences.

2 cl, 2 dwg, 3 tbl

FIELD: automatics and computer engineering, in particular, devices for forming discontinuous orthogonal multi-level signals, possible use for creating generator equipment of multi-channel communication systems.

SUBSTANCE: device consists of set-point generator (1), frequency divider (2), Walsh function generation block (3), multiplexers (5) of first and second groups, multiplexers (6) of third group, (4) NOT element, commutator (7), blocks (8) and (9) for generating control signals and amplifiers (10) with alternating amplification coefficient.

EFFECT: increased interference resistance of generated discontinuous orthogonal multi-level signals.

5 dwg, 4 tbl

Functions generator // 2277718

FIELD: electric communication area, in particular, engineering of orthogonal functions generators, possible use for engineering generator equipment for communication systems.

SUBSTANCE: generator of functions contains set-point generator, block for forming Walsh functions, element of one-sided conductivity, two-bit shift register, two-input commutator, multiplier and 2n group multipliers.

EFFECT: increased energetic concealment of signals, created by generator.

6 dwg

FIELD: automatics and computer science, possible use in information compression equipment in television, multi-channel communications, telemetry for representing varying messages and signals in Walsh basis.

SUBSTANCE: generator has set-point element, NOT element, shift register, function number register, AND element, trigger, n-digit counter and additional AND element.

EFFECT: simplified generator due to decreased number of triggers, used as shift register digits.

3 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: radio engineering, possible use for construction of equipment for forming current in underground or underwater current ducts.

SUBSTANCE: negatively reversed connection is inserted between load and output cascade of generator, also, overcharge protection circuit is provided. To increase reliability of generator, temperature sensor is provided, mounted in radiator of output cascade, and temperature sensor, mounted on power block of output cascade, central microprocessor unit controls generator in a way not to allow overheating of output cascade and exceeding of voltage or current limiting values.

EFFECT: higher precision of resulting current and higher operational reliability of generator.

1 dwg

FIELD: communication systems.

SUBSTANCE: method includes generating sets of sub-codes of quasi-additional turbo-codes with given encoding speeds, and given sub-codes are reorganized as a set of sub-codes with another encoding speed for use in next transfer of sub-code with given encoding speed.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

9 cl, 13 dwg

The invention relates to computing and can be used in static studies and systems for information processing

The invention relates to the field of computer engineering and can be used in communication systems

FIELD: communication systems.

SUBSTANCE: method includes generating sets of sub-codes of quasi-additional turbo-codes with given encoding speeds, and given sub-codes are reorganized as a set of sub-codes with another encoding speed for use in next transfer of sub-code with given encoding speed.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

9 cl, 13 dwg

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