External wall of cottage

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: external wall of cottage that contains protective layer from fine-sized blocks, medium layer of aerated concrete and internal layer of sheet materials joined to protective layer. It is provided with monolithic reinforced concrete frame arranged in the form of columns row inside the wall on building foundation, which are connected to each other with monolithic reinforced concrete belt along building perimeter in the form of flat plates that embrace columns and have reinforcing projections passing through column reinforcing carcass, and having cavities of diamond and triangle shape filled with thermal inserts from heat insulating material, at that width of plates is equal to the total thickness of the wall.

EFFECT: increase of strength, provision of possibility to erect buildings directly in construction site, reduction of costs with simultaneous provision of strength and convenience.

4 cl, 10 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of construction, particularly the construction of buildings with a carrying frame, and can be used in the construction of low-rise buildings, such as houses, cottages, garages and other

Known construction of external walls consisting of the outer brickwork and insulation layer in the form of concrete blocks (see U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 2148129, CL 7 EV 2/02, 1998). The disadvantages of such constructions are the costs of transporting blocks, lifting them on the floor, fight, etc.

The closest analogue of the claimed technical solution appears to be an outer wall containing a protective layer of small blocks, the middle layer of foam and an inner layer of sheet material associated with a protective layer (see U.S. Pat. Of the Russian Federation No. 24481 for a utility model, CL 7 EV 2/02, 2001).

The main disadvantage of analog is reduced structural strength. Objective of the claimed technical solution is to increase strength, enabling the construction of buildings at the construction site, which significantly reduces costs while ensuring durability and comfort.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that in the known outer wall containing a protective layer of small blocks, the middle layer of foam and an inner layer of sheet material associated protection the second layer, there is a skeleton of reinforced concrete, made in the form of a row of columns set to step inside the wall on the Foundation interconnected monolithic reinforced concrete belt along the perimeter of the building.

In addition, the technical result is achieved by the fact that the perimeter of the cross section of each middle columns are the columns of brick, and between the protective layer and monolithic columns with belt mounted heater, and the bars and the insulator form a non-removable formwork for columns.

Next technical result is achieved in that the armature frame columns and monolithic belt associated with a protective layer of flexible elements passing through the heater.

The technical result is achieved by the fact that the angular column is equipped with a G-shaped insulator columns of bricks set at an angle of 90°and in place of their contact with the side of the column is mounted an l-shaped area of stainless steel.

The technical result is also achieved by the fact that reinforced concrete belt made in the form of covering a column of flat plates having reinforcing editions passing through the armature frame columns, and hollow diamond-shaped and triangular in shape, filled with thermocline of insulating material, and the width of the plates is equal to the total thickness of the wall.

Columns installation inside the wall with mo is olitem reinforced concrete belt significantly increases the strength of the outer wall and the whole building.

Install insulation between the protective layer and monolithic columns with belt eliminates "cold bridges", improves comfort.

Flat plate with thermolabile further exacerbating the wall frame during the construction of the second and subsequent floors with simultaneous thermal insulation of the building.

The proposed construction of the wall of the cottage is very simple in execution, has increased strength while providing comfort and insulation and allows you to perform all work at the construction site, which significantly reduces the complexity of construction.

Below is an example run of the claimed technical solution illustrated by the drawings.

Figure 1 shows a plan of the building; in figure 2, node a in figure 1; figure 3 is a section along a - a of figure 2; figure 4 is a section along B-B of figure 2; figure 5 - the node B in figure 1; figure 6 - section In figure 1; figure 7 - section G-g of figure 1, Fig - section d-D figure 1; figure 9 shows a flat plate (POS); figure 10 connection of the plates with the middle column.

The cottage, which includes the proposed external wall consists of a strip Foundation 1, which is installed reinforcing bars 2 in the locations of the columns 3. Inside the building is the capital of the wall 4. Announced the construction of the outer wall consists of a protective layer, shows a longitudinal brick stink the th 5 and transverse brick wall 6, installed along the outside perimeter of the Foundation 1, intermediate layer 7 of the concrete with a low volume weight, which is located between the columns 3. The inner layer 8 of the outer wall is made of sheet material, for example of the gypsum sheets. Column 3 is set on the Foundation 1 increments and are an integral part of the wall. On top of the columns are connected with monolithic reinforced concrete belt 9 around the perimeter of the building. Between the belt 9 and the walls 5, 6 has a heater 10. Between machines 5, 6 and the surface of the columns 3 is a heater 11 of the most effective insulation material. Around the perimeter of the cross section of the columns 3 are the columns 12 of the brick. Together with the heater 10, the inner layer 8 bars 12 form a non-removable formwork for column 3. Walls 5 and 6 are reinforced by the height of the grids 13.

Between the walls 5, 6 in the locations of the columns through the heater 10 is installed flexible elements 14 in the form of rods. These rods are inside columns 3 and brick columns 12 and is made of stainless metal. In addition, the columns 12 are interconnected grids 15. Reinforcement cage of the column 3 presents the rods 16 and the clamps 17. The rods 16 are connected to terminals 2 of the Foundation 1. The rods 14 are installed between the monolithic belt 9 and the walls 5, 6.

The presence of the rods 14 provides stability of the entire building.

In the places of intersection of the longitudinal and transverse walls has an l-shaped insulator 18 of effective insulation material. The bars 12 are installed here at an angle of 90°. At the point of contact in the cavity of the column 3 has an l-shaped area 19 stainless steel for the purpose of sealing.

In the construction of two or more floors arises the need for a more rigid connection of columns 3 and wall 5, 6. Instead of monolithic belt 9 is installed flat plate 20 overlying walls 5, 6, columns 12 and covering the column 3. Flat plate 20 are reinforcing editions 21, which are located between the terminals of the columns 3. Flat plate 20 has a cavity 22 and 23 diamond-shaped and triangular in shape, filled with thermolabile 24 of effective insulation material. The width of the plate 20 is equal to the thickness of the wall (Fig.9, 10).

Columns 3 are formed in several stages to a height of 1000 mm, then, as the walls 5, 6, columns 12, we will establish the following section height of 1000 mm and so on until the full height of the floor. Upon reaching the desired height of the column 3 is constructed of reinforced concrete belt 9 around the perimeter of the building. Reinforcing bars 14 of the belt 9 are positioned between the rods 16 columns 3. After the concrete monolithic belt 9 required strength installs the overlap of the hollow core 25 (6). Between the end face of the hollow core 25 and the longitudinal wall 5 install the heater 26.

After the concrete columns 3, monolithic what about the belt 9 or flat plates 20 has sufficient strength is shuttering device system of the building to fill the walls of the monolithic foam concrete volume weight 300 kg/m 3. Creates the frame casing by fastening the guide profiles 27 by means of bolts 28 to the base 1 and the monolithic belt 9 or flat plate 20. The guide profiles 27 are mounted rack profiles 29 by means of screws 30. Mullion profiles 29 are attached to the walls 5, 6 connecting elements 31, which one of its end fastened by screws 30 on the rack element 29 and the second end on masonry grid 13 in the walls 5, 6. Thus, a frame system formwork building to the frame by means of screws 30 are attached gypsum sheets 32. Then filling the formwork with concrete 33 volume weight γ=300 kg/m3that gives the building a high thermal insulation properties, fire resistance, durability and comfortable stay with low weight walling and a significant reduction in labor costs for the construction of the building.

For a thorough filling with concrete top wall heater 10 is provided by the device, the water tubes 34.

1. The outer wall of the cottage, containing protective layer of small blocks, the middle layer of foam and an inner layer of sheet material associated with a protective layer, characterized in that it has a frame made of reinforced concrete, made in the form of a row of columns inside the wall on fu is damante building, interconnected monolithic reinforced concrete belt along the perimeter of the building, made in the form of columns covering of flat plates having reinforcing editions passing through the reinforcing cage of the column, and having a hollow diamond-shaped and triangular in shape, filled with thermocline of insulating material, and the width of the plates is equal to the total thickness of the wall.

2. The outer wall of the cottage according to claim 1, characterized in that the perimeter of the column cross-section from the side of the middle layer are the columns of brick, and between the protective layer and monolithic columns with belt mounted heater, and the bars and the insulator form a non-removable formwork for columns.

3. The outer wall of the cottage according to claim 2, characterized in that the armature frame columns and monolithic belt associated with a protective layer of flexible elements passing through the heater.

4. The outer wall of the cottage according to claim 2, characterized in that the angular column is equipped with a G-shaped insulator columns of bricks set at an angle of 90°and in place of their contact with the side of the column is mounted an l-shaped area of stainless steel.



 

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