Electric generator

FIELD: electrical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to electrical engineering and proposes the electric generator to be operated in anoxic medium or in medium deficiency. A two-way cylinder with one piston makes the drive, two con-rods being connected to both ends of the aforesaid piston. Note that every con-rod is connected to the armature fitted inside an appropriate winding, each arranged inside its magnetic core to move along its axis. Note also that the axes of con-rods and armatures make one straight line. The aforesaid cylinder communicates with an armored explosion chamber. The working medium is represented by that formed in explosion of the conducting metal, the armature representing alternating magnetic and non-magnetic elements and running in the bearings. The armature windings are connected to the pivoted con-rods.

EFFECT: generator operating on power sources other than organic fuels requiring no oxidisers.

5 cl, 1 dwg

 

The invention relates to electrical engineering.

Known generator converts mechanical energy of rotation into electrical consisting of actuator, the rotor and stator. The drive is most often used internal-combustion engine, steam or gas turbine [1].

The disadvantages of this generator is the need for large quantities of fossil fuels and oxidizers, which does not allow to use it in some specific conditions, for example on another planet.

The closest analogue (prototype) of the claimed invention is a motor-generator (copyright certificate №1800079, IPC F02B 71/04, publ. 07.03.1993, 2 l), including the anchor, the stator and the actuator, the actuator is a cylinder with a piston, the piston on both sides of the connected rods, each of which is attached to an anchor placed inside the corresponding winding can move on its axis, and the axis of the rods and anchors are one straight line [4].

The aim of the invention is the creation of a generator that runs on energy sources other than fossil fuels, and does not need oxidants.

To achieve this goal applies an electric generator, in which the working fluid is used, the environment, resulting in the explosion of electrically conductive metal, and the cylinder through the valve communicates with Broner the bathtub explosion chamber, which has a liner of high voltage and set the broaching mechanism for feeding the tape or wire of exploding metal.

In addition, anchors each made of alternating magnetic and non-magnetic elements.

In addition, the windings are enclosed in each magnetic core.

In addition, the armature moves on bearings.

In addition, the anchors are connected with the rods on the hinges.

The invention is illustrated by the drawing, which shows a diagram of the generator.

The generator includes a cylinder 1 in which is placed a piston 2 with the rods 3 and 4 are connected to the anchors of 5 and 6, placed inside the windings 7 and 8 are embedded in the magnetic circuits 9 and 10. Through the valves 11 and 12 of the cylinder 1 is connected with an armored blast chamber 13, which has a long mechanism, there is a supply of exploding metal, such as tungsten in the form of a tape or wire, and connections for high voltage (not shown). Anchor 5 and 6 consist of alternating 14 magnetic and nonmagnetic 15 elements.

The generator works as follows. Consider the case when the cylinder 1, the piston 2 is in its extreme left position, the valve 11 is open, the valve 12 is closed. In an explosion chamber 13 plangent mechanism applies to the working area of the tape or wire of exploding metal. The work area of the tape or PR is drawing dies is high-voltage impulse. Work area metal explodes. In the explosion chamber is the portion of the working fluid, for example melkorazdroblennuyu water. High pressure from the explosion chamber through the valve 11 is transmitted to the left side of the cylinder and pushes the piston 2 to the right. The rods 3 and 4 move to the right of the anchor 5 and 6.

The power of the magnetic field of the magnetic elements 14 during its movement intersect the coils of the windings 7 and 8, resulting in the windings 7 and 8 induced EMF.

With the completion of the movement of the piston 2 to the right closes the valve 11 and opens the valve 12 and is an explosion of metal, similar to those described.

High pressure from the explosion chamber through the valve 12 is supplied to the left side of the cylinder 1 and pushes the piston 2 to the left. The rods 3 and 4 move to the left of the armature 5 and 6. During their movement to the left on the windings 7 and 8 induced EMF opposite direction.

Such actions are repeated many times. Thus, with the ends of the windings 7 and 8 is removed alternating current with a frequency equal to the frequency of movement of the armatures 5 and 6.

Thus, energy is generated with a small flow of exploding metal (the content of the explosive energy is large). So, in tungsten it two times higher than trinitrotoluene, and drivers are not required oxidants.

Sources of information

1. Electric generator. Encyclopedic dictionary of the young technician. M:. Pedagogy, 1982. Pp.92.

2. RF patent №2145147. CL. IPC 62D 57/00, 2000.

3. Marahtanov M, Marahtanov A. Metal explodes. - Science and life. 2002. No. 4. P.16-19.

4. Copyright certificate №1800079, IPC F02B 71/04, publ. 07.03.1993, 2 L.

1. The generator includes an anchor, a stator and an actuator in which the actuator is a double-sided cylinder with a single piston, to which both sides attached two rods, each of which is connected to an anchor placed inside the corresponding winding can move on its axis, the axis of the rods and anchors are one straight line, characterized in that the working medium is used, the environment, resulting in the explosion of electrically conductive metal, and the cylinder through the valve communicates with the armored blast chamber, which has a liner of high voltage and set the broaching mechanism for feeding the tape or wire of exploding metal.

2. The generator according to claim 1, wherein the anchors are each made of alternating magnetic and non-magnetic elements.

3. The generator according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the windings are enclosed in each magnetic core.

4. The generator according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the armature moves on bearings.

5. The generator according to claim 1 or 2, characterized in that the armature is connected to the rods by means of hinges.



 

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