Irrigation machine of front movement
SUBSTANCE: irrigation machine has an internal explosion engine, water intake, pump, delivering water into water-conducting pipe with a sprinkler and in supply canals of central and periphery bogies, and systems of directional and in-line control. An additional pump with an independent drive for the internal exposure engine is the second stage of the main pump with the opportunity to deliver water into the supply canals of central and periphery bogies separated from the water-conducting pipe. The systems of directional and in-line control are hydraulically connected with each other and mounted in the supply canals of central and periphery bogies.
EFFECT: decrease of power consumption during watering while using low-pressure pumping power equipment and enhancement reliability and movement steadiness of undercarriages.
The invention relates to agriculture, in particular to a sprinkling machines.
Known dual console sprinkling unit type DDA-100MA, DDA-WH diverting water from open temporary fill (product catalogue irrigation systems and equipment. Part 1 "Domestic equipment". - M., 2001, p.5). The farm in the form of a spatial structure with a sprinkling apparatus is hung on a crawler tractor with creeper gearbox. There is a water intake device, pumping equipment driven by the tractor PTO.
The disadvantages of this design is the presence of constant power tools (tractors), and the high cost of power in the formation of a zone of rain.
Known multisupport sprinkling machine, including additional pipeline with a sprinkling machines, self-propelled anchor trolley with hydraulic actuators hydraulically coupled with additional pipe connected at one end with the beginning of the water conveyance pipeline (A.S. No. 1665978, IPC A 01 G 25/09). Additional pipeline has two branches: transport and intake, of which there is a washing cylinder drive self-propelled trucks. In addition, at the end of the machine, these two branches are connected, i.e. the loop.
The disadvantage of this technical solution is the large consumption of materials, availability of dive torches etc is the present pipeline network and increased pressures to provide hydraulic actuators, the complexity and impossibility to use on the outdoor irrigation network.
Features and is produced by the domestic industry sprinkling machine front moving Mini-Frigate-FS", with water supply from a hydrant fixed pipeline (product catalogue irrigation systems and equipment. Part 1 "Domestic equipment". - M., 2001, p.36-38). It consists of two farms water conveyance pipeline, based on three trucks with hydraulic wheels. In addition, there is a system of movement at the rate of the guide rope, blocks synchronization of trucks and automatic shutdown DM. Zapisywanie trucks and block synchronization is carried out separately for each truck of the water conveyance pipeline DM.
The disadvantages of this technical solution is the presence of the inlet pipeline network and the flexible hose, high pressure and elevated costs.
Known sprinkling machine front moving with the actuator, hose "Mini-Kuban-FS" with water supply from a hydrant (product catalogue irrigation systems and equipment. Part 1 "Domestic equipment". - M., 2001, p.18-20). It consists of a water conveyance pipeline, based on three self-propelled trucks, and two console pipelines with cable suspension. Wheel supporting trucks, about budowanie pneumatic tyres, are driven by actuators. In addition, the machine is equipped with an electric control systems course, "in-line" and stops DM.
The disadvantages of this machine is the presence of the inlet pipeline network and a long hose, high pressure pumping station, high energy costs and capital investments in the irrigation system.
Known sprinkler front moving type DMF "Kuban - M" with the abstraction of water from the open betonirovannaa channel (Sandigursky D.M., Bezrodnov N.A. Mechanization of irrigation works. - M.: Kolos, 1983. - P.65-75). They are moving frontal water conveyance pipeline, consisting of two wings, based on the self-propelled truck, and the power unit is suspended from the Central beam and two trucks in the center. The machine has a system of movement at the rate of the guide wire, the synchronization system in-line and emergency stop. All of these control systems and sensors - electric.
The disadvantages of this technical solution is the complexity and bulkiness of the design, the big money and material costs, additional costs for paving the service management systems and synchronization, the need for a powerful diesel engine and pumping equipment.
The objective of the invention is the removal from azannyh deficiencies and the use of low-pressure equipment and engine low power design DM frontal displacement hydraulic and water from open irrigation network.
The technical result - the reduction of energy costs for irrigation using low-pressure pumping equipment, improving the reliability and uniformity of movement of the device.
This is achieved by the fact that the machine is equipped with an additional pump with independent drive of the internal combustion engine, an additional pump is the second stage of the main with the possibility to supply water to separate from the water supply pipe line of nutrition of Central and peripheral trucks, and control system at the rate and in line hydraulically interconnected and embedded in the trunk of nutrition of Central and peripheral trucks.
Figure 1 presents a General view of the frontal DM, figure 2 - diagram of the water in the water supply and auxiliary piping machine.
Sprinkling machine front moving includes water conveyance pipeline 1 with sprinkler apparatus 2, self-propelled trucks: Central 3 and 4 and the peripheral 5, 6. Mast 7 and the cable 8 form a suspension farm machines. Between the Central trucks 3 and 4 on a special frame 9 mounted diesel engine 10, the core 11 and an additional 12 pumps, valves 13, 14. Supply line peripheral trucks 5, 6 includes pipes 15, 16, the traffic management system in line 17, the cylinders 18 and 19. Mainline power center is real trucks 3, 4 consists of a system of traffic control at the rate of 20, lines 21, 22 and cylinder 23, 24. Between systems 17 and 20 there is a hydraulic connection 25. The machine has a water intake device 26 that allows the temporary withdrawal of water from the nozzle 27.
Sprinkling machine operates as follows. When enabled, the internal combustion engine 10 and the lowering of the water intake device 26 to a temporary irrigation canal 27 after starting work the main pump 11. The bulk water supplied by this pump in water conveyance pipe 1 and in the form of rain through the sprinkler apparatus 2 falls on the irrigated surface. The other part of the water is pumped into the inlet pipe of the additional pump 12, serially connected with the main pump 11. They have independent drives from the internal combustion engine 10. The pressure of this part of the water flow is amplified by the pump 12 and is fed into the pipes 15, 16, 21, 22 of the power cylinder 18, 19 peripheral 5, 6 and Central 3, 4 trucks. In addition, these line of nutrition of Central and peripheral trucks included in the traffic management system in line 17 and at the rate of 20. The first system 17 controls the flow of water into the cylinders 18, 19 taking into account the lag or jumping the gun a corresponding peripheral truck 5 or 6, the other (20) - regulates the flow of water into the cylinders 23, 24 Central trucks 3, 4 depending on the deviation from linearity (p the rope or other device). Between traffic management systems in line 17 and at the rate of 20 there is a hydraulic connection 25. Valves 13 and 14 to seal the cavity of the main pump 11 when it starts.
The invention in comparison with the prototype has the following advantages:
- the Department of highways of the power cylinders of the drive self-propelled trucks from water conveyance pipeline allows you to stretch machine on the field without irrigation (technological necessity: the harvesting of crops, plowing fields, and so on);
- introduction of the auxiliary pump, consuming 5...7% power basic, allows you to provide mains power cylinders of the drive self-propelled trucks high blood pressure (especially peripheral), sustained their progress on various agricultural background, while maintaining a low pressure in the water conveyance pipeline, where and consumed the main quantity of water (93...95%);
- reduces capital investment in the irrigation system by 30...40% through the use of reduced engine power and low-pressure equipment and tooling;
- increase movement speed by 15...20%, and hence a reduction of as much as percent of the minimum rate of irrigation water in a single pass DM.
Sprinkling machine front movement, including the internal combustion engine, the intake device, the pump, podushevogo water-supplying pipe with sprinkler devices and the backbone of the power of the Central and peripheral trucks, management system at the rate and in line, characterized in that it is provided with an additional pump with independent drive of the internal combustion engine, an additional pump is the second stage of the main with the possibility of water separated from the water conveyance pipeline mainline power of the Central and peripheral trucks, and systems management course and in-line, hydraulically interconnected and embedded in the trunk of nutrition of Central and peripheral trucks.
SUBSTANCE: irrigation machine incorporates a fixed support, self-moving trolleys with a hydraulic driver and a pressure pipeline. The lower part of the latter contains irrigation facilities, which include a pipe with a corner, with water transmission lever being arranged therein. On the free end of the water transmission lever, an additional corner and a sprinkling machine are disposed. The water transmission lever and sprinkling machine can rotate about the corners and change their position with respect to the ground surface from 0.6 to 2.5 m. To fix the position of the water transmission lever and sprinkling machine, the corners are equipped with the supports connected by means of bolts with fixers furnished with several holes. The pipe accommodates a filter, with its upper end being in water flow of the pressure pipeline. Thread segments of the water transmission lever are made of stainless steel.
EFFECT: simplified design, smaller size and steel intensity, improved exploitation characteristics.
SUBSTANCE: wheel sprinkling pipeline contains the extended spigots installed on the pipeline in places of joining of basic wheels, and these spigots are fast connected to the pipeline and with basic wheels. On each extended spigot fitted on the rotary spigot with twirl possibility on which stabilizer blades and a counterweight serving for orientation of stabilizer blades concerning a ground surface are fixed. One end of the rotary spigot is gear for cogging with the spigot-slide block, fitted on the extended spigot with up-and-down motion possibility on it. The spigot-slide block by means of a spring is spring-loaded concerning the extended spigot. The spigot-slide block end turned towards the rotary spigot and it is executed in the form of the frustum of a cone which smaller basis has teeths for the clutch with the gear end of the rotary spigot. For the drive of stabilizer blades on the extended spigot two hydrocylinders which stocks are connected to the spigot-slide block are symmetrically fixed. Thus the rotary spigot is supplied by two arms on which the horizontal axes are fixed hinged and they fast connected to levers having spherical support, contacting to external walls of a cone part of the spigot-slide block. Horizontal axes are fast connected with stabilizer blades which are connected among themselves by means of the return spring fixed on bars, that are placed on the top part of stabilizer blades. And, as stabilizer blades are fast connected through horizontal axes with levers that due to the return spring pressing of the spherical support to external walls of a cone part of the spigot-slide block which have been placed on the ends of levers is also provided. The stabilizer blade is executed in the form of the lever in which bottom part the pointed core is fixed that is supplied with a basic disk which provides a load dispatching that outgo from the stabilizer blade on a ground and interferes with that to a stabilizer blade lowering in soil. Rods on which the counterweight is fast fixed are hinged connected to horizontal axes. Cavities of hydrocylinders by means of flexible conduits are connected with a main connected to a strut of the sprinkler. Invention use will allow preventing completely spontaneous overrolling of the wheel sprinkling pipeline at wetting. As the wheel sprinkling pipeline during all wetting process will be fixed in some position that will prevent its spontaneous overrolling in both directions at affecting on it of a wind load or at its use for irrigation of inclined sections.
EFFECT: raising the productivity due to time abbreviation on moving the wheel sprinkling pipeline on a new position.
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, process for irrigation of plots with long-term culture of perennial grasses.
SUBSTANCE: method for operating of multiple-tower circle sprinkler machine during five year cultivation time involves using machine with immovable support; connecting said machine to irrigation valve of closed irrigation system; feeding water via pipeline for irrigation and moving support on rigid small section wheels; after initial two-year operation of machine on rigid small section wheels, when agronomically permissible depth of track is reached, simultaneously moving said machine relative to immovable support by placing tubular insert between immovable support and pipeline and widening wheels by connecting metal rims to rigid small section wheels of machine.
EFFECT: reduced crashing of plants due to effective utilization of plot areas.
2 dwg, 1 tbl
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler machines movable around central support.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler machine has fixed support, self-propelled carts provided with hydraulic cylinders, and water feeding pipeline with sprinkler units. Bracket is fixed to cart power lever. Tips of front and rear pushes are equipped with additional tips. Wheel stops are provided with main and additional brakes and springs. Central angle between main and additional brakes is 125 deg. Main and additional speed regulators positioned on carts, except for terminating cart, are connected through tie-rods with water feeding pipeline. Water is fed from water feeding pipeline to speed regulators through inlet pressure hoses. For actuation of main and additional speed regulators, spherical valves connect outlet pressure hoses with hydraulic cylinder. Additional guides are mounted on cart. Actuation valves mounted on main and additional speed regulator are provided with hydraulic emergency protection pipes.
EFFECT: provision for reversing motion, simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation of sprinkler machine.
FIELD: irrigation of farm crops in furrows, preferably cut along stand pipelines of irrigation network on fields divided into plots for simultaneous irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: method involves uniting simultaneous irrigation plots into daily irrigation groups and separating from one another by means of water-retention webs; performing irrigation of each simultaneous irrigation plot with additional moistening without changing of flow rate by continuing irrigation from each superposed plot with multiple norms for running-up of water along moistened furrows to the end of underlying plot, with superposed plot being irrigated at night; irrigating terminating daily-irrigation plot with soil moisture content not less than critical value and area of said plot being equal to or multiple the area of daily output by tractor after performing of post-irrigation cultivation processes.
EFFECT: provision for irrigation with norms exceeding norms of running-up of water along dry furrows, increased length of irrigation furrows, uniform distribution of water along irrigation furrows, and increased area of daily irrigation.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, technique for cutting of temporary irrigation system, may be used for opening of terrace and closing of temporary irrigation system with ground.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has frame hung laterally onto tractor girder, hydraulic cylinder for lifting of apparatus, and shield pivotally connected to stem of hydraulic cylinder. High-quality closing is provided by fabricating shield from two parts unequal in length, said parts being pivotally connected to frame of apparatus. Compression spring attached to shield and shield rotation limiting device provide returning of shield after executing of closing procedure to position perpendicular to frame of apparatus.
EFFECT: improved quality of covering irrigation system terrace, and reduced costs for strip irrigation process.
FIELD: mechanized irrigation of farm crops by sprinkling process, in particular, equipment used in sprinkling irrigation systems.
SUBSTANCE: pulsed sprinkler unit has valve with seat and piston. Cavity between seat and piston is communicating with nozzle cavity and cavity formed under valve is communicating with air-and-water tank and pressure pipeline. Locking device is equipped with auxiliary piston spring-loaded relative to valve piston and provided with large-sized and small-sized cylinders and divided by means of perforated partition. Auxiliary piston is positioned for axial displacement within casing cylinder and abuts with small-sized cylinder end against seat. Valve and piston are positioned within cavities of small-sized and large-sized cylinders of auxiliary piston, respectively. Distance between partition of small-sized cylinder and valve is greater than distance between right-hand ends of valve piston and auxiliary piston. Outer diameter of small-sized cylinder is smaller than inner diameter of large-sized cylinder of auxiliary piston.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation, reduced consumption of power owing to providing of working capacity within wide range of flow rates and pressures and due to eliminating influence of frictional force of sealing means upon working capacity of locking device in its opening phase.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, process and technique for crop irrigation.
SUBSTANCE: method involves providing water outlet selected on the basis of its flow rate and equipped with heads, said water outlet being spaced apart from center by distance multiple the serial number of unit of given water outlet on water feeding pipeline of irrigation machine; establishing similar water outlet with the same heads on parts of water feeding pipeline proximate to center at distance multiple the serial number of unit k; controlling time-pulse or width-pulse mode of operation; setting ratio of irrigation time tik of established water outlets with heads to irrigation time tik and no irrigation time tnk, said ratio being equal to ratio of their serial numbers k to serial number of selected water outlet with heads i according to dependence: tik(tik+tnk)=K/i. Valve or hydromechanical pulsator is mounted on each of equally spaced water outlets disposed close to central support on water feeding pipeline. Valve is controlled by generator. Hydromechanical pulsator has adjustable water feeding switch-on time or water feeding switch-off time during periodic operation thereof, said time being individually adjustable for each pulsator. Depending on serial number of pulsator corresponding to arrangement on water feeding pipeline and serial number of selected water outlet, pulsator cylinder piston stem is made hollow and is equipped at the side adjoining piston with piston stroke restricting device having radial openings therein. Inlet branch pipe positioned on cover is provided with outer thread and is connected to water outlet. Throttle regulator is made spherical and is equipped with scale and device indicating no water feeding time. Channel which connects cavity under piston and stem cavity is provided within cylinder. Valve with hollow stem is positioned on cylinder base within outlet branch pipe in axially aligned relation with respect to piston for axial displacement within branch pipe. Radial outlet apertures are provided on end of hollow stem. Restricting washer is rigidly fixed on cylinder base. Outlet branch pipe has scale. Retainer for fixing outlet branch pipe in predetermined position is formed as sleeve. Irrigation heads are positioned at outlets of each pulsator.
EFFECT: improved quality of irrigation process and simplified construction of machine.
3 cl, 3 dwg
SUBSTANCE: method involves locating water outlets with heads in equally spaced relation along radius with equal flow rate characterized by and equal to flow rate of water outlet outer from center; creating pulsed operation mode for water outlets by width-pulsed or frequency-pulsed controlling; setting and tuning ratio of periodic irrigation time tui for each of water outlets with heads to irrigation time tui and lack of irrigation Tni with ratio of ordinal number i of water outlet from center to total quantity n of water outlets in accordance with dependence: Each of water outlets uniformly positioned on water pipeline is equipped with valve connected to control device or pulse generator with adjustable switch-on and switch-off time during periodic operation thereof for regulation of time-pulsed and width-pulsed controlling, which are individually adjusted for each valve depending on its ordinal arrangement on water pipeline and total quantity of water outlets thereon. Heads for sprinkling, surface irrigation and circular irrigation are mounted at valve outlet ends.
EFFECT: improved quality of irrigation and simplified construction of irrigation machine.
3 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling and fertilizing technique in irrigated agriculture.
SUBSTANCE: machine, in conjunction with its anchor driving road track equipped with end reversal stops, is spaced from ground surface by altitude of up to 50 m through on-board supporting toroidal aerostats rigidly threaded by means of rim hubs on on-board water-and-pulp pipeline furnished at perforations from mid portion to ends with water-and-pulp pneumatic ejection-type sprinkling-fertilizing units. On-board, pipe connection, comb-shaped hydrogen and air-ballast collectors laid laterally of on-board water-and-pulp pipeline along the length thereof are adapted for on-board supporting toroidal aerostats furnished with long and short mooring anchoring guide ropes. Two parallel carrier lightning-guiding ropes of annular stays of supporting toroidal aerostat tubular current-conductive puller sleeve are pivotally hung in current-conductive manner from the bottom between both end on-board supporting toroidal aerostats on double-support steel back pin of each pendulum crank, puller sleeve being joined without tension with its out-board telecommunications with on-board tubular current-conductive communications. Rope-road rollers of mechanisms for synchronous front shuttle movement along rope road track are fixed on outer ends of both end tubular constructive parts of on-board water-and-pulp pipeline. Paired wells of airlifts are provided in mid portion of shoulders of each catch of portion to be ameliorated, airlifts being hydraulically, electrically and pneumatically sealed in parallel way from irrigation pump-and-compressor station. Both lower ends of puller sleeve are brought to said wells. Ends of tubular current-conductive telecommunications of puller sleeve, except for annular stays, are freely passed through throat of conductive gauge of hawsehole into well of airlift water-and-pulp pneumatic lift pipeline branched from puller sleeve train is connected to internal well hydrant of airlift. Airlift has chamber permanently filled with water and positioned in airlift base and is further provided with three sluice fertilizer chambers.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of machine by delivering finely dispersed irrigation spray of predetermined intensity or uniformly distributed granulated and liquid fertilizers.
FIELD: irrigation equipment mounted on mobile sprinkler units for drop or fine-dispersion sprinkling systems.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction comprising pipes mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping station and intake hose. Flexible water supply pipeline with sprinkler apparatuses is fixed on frame by means of cables. Water supply pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has segment and flanges connected with one another by means of carrier member made in the form of bent C-shaped profile or rolled part. Sections are connected with one another through adapter member made in the form of hollow spherical shell with disk arranged in meridian plane and with the help of fastening means. Adapter member is arranged in cavities at inlet end and at outlet end of adjacent segments of flexible water supply pipeline. Fastening means are made in the form of pins inserted into axially aligned openings of flanges and disks. Adapter member disk is connected through cable with frame of three-dimensional construction.
EFFECT: simplified construction, reduced metal usage, increased efficiency and improved distribution of artificial precipitation along flexible water supply pipeline.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural irrigation equipment used in mobile sprinkler units.
SUBSTANCE: boom-type sprinkler unit has frame made in the form of three-dimensional construction composed of pipes and mounted on vehicle equipped with pumping unit. Flexible water pipeline with sprinkling apparatuses is secured on frame by means of cables. Flexible water pipeline is made sectioned. Each section has flexible pipeline segment positioned on carrier member made in the form of pair of longitudinal supports having bent C-shaped profile and flat rings at their end portions. Wide strips of pair of bent C-shaped profile are arranged at an angle to horizontal plane and perpendicular to one another. Said profiles define, in conjunction with rings, trough of carrier member. Adjacent carrier members are connected with one another by means of connecting parts through spacer bushings. One, two or three spacer bushings are made in the form of brackets for connecting cable ends to join with frame. Ends of flexible pipeline segments are mutually joined via transition portion made in the form of bushing. Ends of transition member have conical entrance portions. Annular portion formed on transition member surface is joined with ends of adjacent segments and pairs of yokes on their surface. Cable ends joining brackets are equipped with eye ring receiving slots and mounting openings. Diameter of carrier member rings exceeds outer diameter of transition member by 1.5-1.9 times.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased efficiency.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkler equipment for continuous sprinkling of plants on fields.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler unit has drive part with two pivotally fixed girder booms. Girder has central panel, columns, struts and sprinkler heads arranged on water-feeding belt. Drive part is provided with supporting table and rotary plate. Supporting table is mounted on vertical wall of rear axle of drive part above centrifugal pump. Rotary plate is mounted on supporting table for rotation around shaft, which pivotally connects said plate with supporting table, said plate and table being additionally mutually connected by hydraulic rotational drive. Girder central panel is fixed on rotary plate by means of vertical shaft. Central panel is additionally coupled to rotary plate by means of hydraulic drive of turning mechanism. In operating and transport positions, weight of girder is distributed over surface of supporting table. Mechanisms for rotating of rotary plate and turning of girder central panel simplify movement of girder from operating position to transport position and vice versa.
EFFECT: simplified construction and enhanced reliability in operation.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation of farm crops by means of multitower front sprinkler machines.
SUBSTANCE: wheeled pipeline is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheeled supports, drive arranged in mid portion of central section, and section coupling means. Pipeline sections have variable section reducing in direction of supplying of irrigation water. Each pipeline section coupling is made in the form of two concentric branch pipes positioned for rotation one with respect to another and for axial displacement. Outer branch pipe is connected with flanges of adjacent carrier members. Inner branch pipe is joined with ends of adjacent pipes of different sizes, said pipes being made from high-pressure polyethylene. Pipes are positioned in cavity of carrier member. Carrier member of each section is made in the form of pair of opposite bent C-shaped sections. Ends of C-shaped sections are joined to flanges. Mounting rings are positioned in mid portion of pairs and adapted for mounting of wheel support hub. Outer branch pipe of pipeline section coupling is made in the form of detachable pair of semi-circles, each being formed by packet of spacer bushings arranged in equally spaced relation between pair of arced belts. Inner branch pipe for connecting ends of pipes made from high-pressure polyethylene is made in the form of outer and inner threaded bushings, each provided with diametrically oriented slots for special wrench for joining with ends of pipes to be connected. Inner bushing has threaded part for screwing into end of pipe of smaller diameter. Ring is disposed on outer end perimeter of pipe of smaller diameter. Inner bushing has cylindrical part joined with inner cylindrical surface of pipe of larger diameter. Its conical part is joined with sawn-through parts at end of pipe of larger diameter. Inner surface of inner bushing is defined by two intersecting conical surfaces with single base of minimal diameter.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops over area under irrigation process owing to constant flow speed of irrigation water into pipeline cavities.
10 cl, 11 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprinkling irrigation of farm crops.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has supporting members made in the form of cables attached in cantilevered manner to frame top, and irrigation pipeline connected to vehicle through pumping unit. Irrigation pipeline is coupled to frame by means of carrier carcass. Irrigation pipeline and carrier carcass are made sectioned. Each carrier carcass section is defined by pair of C-shaped bent profiles with flat rings at their ends. Profiles are arranged at an angle to one another with their wide strips to define trough. Sections of flexible pipelines made from low-pressure polyethylene are laid on trough. Ends of pipelines are embraced with bands made in the form of steel bushings. Ends of pipelines are joined by means of adapter member. Input parts of connecting member are made conical. Each adapter member is formed as hollow screw with left-handed and right-handed conical threads on their outer surface. Mid portion of screw has disk for fixing irrigation pipeline sections in operating position in rings of carrier carcass by means of paired spacer bushings and attachment means. Disk of adapter member is equipped with group of openings used for assembling-dismantling works. Openings for connection to threaded ends of cables are made in peripheral portions of carrier carcass flanges.
EFFECT: uniform distribution of precipitation in the form of rain drops through width of mobile unit, reduced material usage, simplified construction, and enhanced reliability in operation.
4 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized irrigation equipment used on wheeled rollable pipelines.
SUBSTANCE: sectioned sprinkler is provided with sprinkling nozzles, wheeled supports, drive disposed in mid portion of central section, and section connecting couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline made from low-pressure polyethylene pipes. Pipes are successively joined to one another by means of couplings. Water supply pipeline is arranged in cavity of carrier part defined by C-shaped bent profiles. Ends of profiles are mutually connected by means of flanges. Length of carrier part is 11,720 mm. Hub of each wheeled support embraces carrier part. Sprinkling nozzles are connected with pipeline through nipples arranged between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent profiles of carrier part.
EFFECT: prolonged service life, simplified construction and reduced production costs of sprinkler.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanized sprinkling irrigation with the use of rollable wheeled pipelines.
SUBSTANCE: sprinkler is made sectioned and is furnished with sprinkler heads, wheel-type supports, drive located in mid portion of central section, and section couplings. Each section has water supply pipeline manufactured from low-pressure polyethylene pipes sequentially connected through couplings. Water supply pipeline is placed in bearing part cavity defined by C-shaped bent bars. Bar ends are mutually connected through flanges. Bearing part is 11,720 mm long. Hub of each wheel-type support embraces bearing part. Sprinkler heads are connected with water supply pipeline through nipples interposed between strips of adjacent C-shaped bent bars of bearing part. Each wing connected with central section has overtime clutch.
EFFECT: prolonged service life and simplified construction of irrigation pipeline.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop sparkling of farm crop. Proposed truss includes central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base made of pipes with flanges for connecting bottom chords and four suspensions. Suspensions are orientated along ribs of pyramid and one post. Post is arranged in central panel on one of side faces along apothem. Left-hand and right-hand cantilevers are mated with central panel. Each cantilever consists of one end panel and thirteen intermediate panels. Each intermediate panel is made in form of two posts, one distance piece, front and rear water passing pipes of bottom chords, one upper chord, two inclined braces, two horizontal tension members and two short-range sprinkler heads. End panel is made in form of guy truss. End panel is mated with truss panel by means of distance piece and inclined braces whose mated ends are orientated downwards in cross vertical plane of truss and are located lower than distance piece. Ends of front and rear water passing pipes are connected with guy truss pipeline by V-shaped water passing member. Panels of guy truss are formed by posts and distance pieces, inclined braces and tension members vertically orientated in longitudinal vertical plane. Water passing pipeline of guy part of truss is furnished with drain cock. V-shaped water passing member consists of steel pipes of equal section equal to sections of front rear water passing pipes and pipe line of guy truss. One of pipes of V-shaped water passing member is sectional and provided with threaded sleeve. Sleeve is fitted on threaded bushings. Bushings are installed with displacement outwards from ends of pipes. Bushings are connected by closed girth welds with end sections of parts of pipes to be connected. Insert made of plastic, for instance, fluoroplastic, is mounted between end faces of sectional parts of pipes and in plane of threaded bushings. Inner section of insert is equal to sections of pipes of V-shaped water passing member. Proposed two-cantilever self-aligning truss for sprinkling machines provides uninterrupted delivery of sprinkling water to short range heads of intermediate panels and long-range heads on guy part of truss.
EFFECT: reduced materials usage, improved sprinkling.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to machines for mechanization of drop irrigation of crops. Proposed truss has upper and lower chords, central panel in form of regular pyramid with square base and left-hand and right-hand cantilevers mated with pyramid. Central panel has square base made of tubes with flanges for connecting lower chords and four suspensions orientated along ribs. Panel is provided with one post located on one of side faces along apothem of pyramid. Each cantilever consists of thirteen intermediate panel and one end panel. Each end panel is made up of two posts, one brace, two front and rear water tubes of lower chords, one upper chord, two tilted struts and two horizontal tension members. Two heads are fitted on each intermediate panel and end panel. End is made in form of guy-rope truss. It is mated with truss panel by brace and tilted posts. Ends of tilted posts are relative mated from top and bottom by horizontally orientated brace. Mated ends of tilted posts are orientated downwards and arranged lower than brace. Ends of front and rear water tubes in guy-rope part are relative mated by V-shaped water supply member with tube of truss guy-rope part. Panels of guy-rope part of truss are formed by posts and braces, tilted struts and tension members orientated in longitudinally vertical plane. water supply pipeline of guy0rope part is furnished with drain valve. Proposed truss provides 15-20% reduction of materials usage.
EFFECT: improved quality of sprinkling, facilitated servicing.
7 cl, 1 tbl, 53 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, irrigation equipment, more particular, continuous motion sprinkler machines for farms.
SUBSTANCE: girder has central panel with two cantilevers pivotally fixed thereon. Each of two cantilevers is made in the form of mutually perpendicular vertical and horizontal girders having belts, columns, angle braces and sprinkler heads on water supply girder. Pipelines on central panel and water supply girder are made in the form of curved circuit line in transverse-vertical plane of sprinkler unit. Circuit line equation is y=a/2(ex/a+e-x/a), where a is distance from surface of field to be irrigated to pipeline arranged in mid portion of central panel; e is Napierian base (Napierian number); x and y are abscissae and ordinates of unknown points of pipeline in Cartesian coordinates XOY, the beginning part of which is aligned with field surface and with vertical axis of symmetry of girdle.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability in operation and increased efficiency.