Sanitary water distributor

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: sanitary water distributor contains a casing with, at least, one water inlet, an outlet and a regulating cartridge placed inside the casing. Water coming through the inlet gets into the cartridge adjusting the water flow to the outlet in compliance with the control lever position. The cartridge lower side has one water inlet and one outlet. Cartridge (26) is arranged inside the support insert (14) with, at least, one through hole (16, 17). The latter communicates, on one side, with the said, at least, one inlet (5, 6) of casing (2) and, on other side, with the said, at least one inlet of cartridge (26). There is an extra through hole (18) communicating, on one side, with the outlet of cartridge (26) and, on the other side, with water distributing space (12). The said space is arranged between the support insert (14) and casing (2) and directs the water flow into the external radius zone of inner space (10) of casing (2). A through space (24) is arranged between the side surface (21) of support insert (14) and lateral surfaces of casing (2). Water flows up to the outlet (49) through space (24).

EFFECT: better performances of the mixer.

8 cl, 7 dwg

 

The present invention relates to a sanitary water valve, namely to the standpipes device, mainly single lever mixer having a housing with at least one receiving hole for the water spout and located inside the housing of the regulating cartridge that connects input through the receiving hole of the water and which controls the flow of water to the spout in accordance with the position of the control arm, and regulating the cartridge on its lower side has at least one inlet and one outlet for water.

Plumbing pipes and fittings specified type known for over twenty years and available in the trade network in the most different variants of execution. In such a sanitary water valve is mainly applicable regulatory cartridges described in DE 2739587 C3. These cartridges all inlet and outlet for the water is located on the bottom side of the base that facilitates the tight connection of the cartridge casing pipes of the device. Then coming out of the cartridge water flows through a path in the base water device and thence falls into the spout. This type of design is particularly successful in cases where the spout joins the body of water device is istwa relatively small height, for ease of message passing cavity in the base water devices with a spout.

In recent years, the desire of producers to new accents in the forming of sanitary water fittings. This applies in particular to sanitary water valve with spout, made up or at the top. Supply to such a spout of water coming out of the cartridge in the direction from top to bottom, is technically quite complicated. To solve this problem in principle you could use cartridges with the outlet is not at the base and at the top. However, in this case, on the one hand, there are problems with sealing channels to carry water to the appropriate bushing cavity in the body of water device, and on the other hand, will need cartridges designed specifically for such valves. Aspirations producers of sanitary water fittings and those who installs it is intended that the number of components is as small as possible.

The problem to which the present invention is directed, is in the design of plumbing pipes of the device mentioned at the beginning of the description of the type which when using the standard regulatory cartridges would constructively Rostami measures to direct the flow of water to the spouts, located at the top or the upper part of the water.

This task is solved according to the invention due to the fact that

cartridge is located inside the supporting liner, having

at least one through hole that communicates on one side with the specified at least one receiving housing bore water device, and on the other hand - with the specified at least one inlet hole of the cartridge, and

another through hole that communicates on one side with the outlet of the cartridge, and on the other hand - with the water distribution cavity located between the base of the liner and casing pipes of the device and directing the flow of water in the external radius of the area of the internal space of the housing, and

between the side surface of the base liner and the side surface of the housing, limiting its interior space has a continuous cavity through which water can move up to the spout.

Thus, in the invention it is proposed to install the control cartridge is not directly in the interior of the body of water device, and a separate support insert or cap located as a kind of adapter between the housing and the cartridge. Between this base liner and founded the eating of the body of water device, as well as the side surface bounding the internal space of the housing, you can create channels for water movement required to change the direction of flow of the water exiting the cartridge down with the turn this thread up. While supporting the liner, at least on its individual areas, it is washed with water.

Between the outer side surface of the base liner and the side surface of the housing bounding the internal space, it is expedient to provide spacer ring, positioning a support insert and having a flow-through water extraction. This option is rational primarily in those cases where the internal cavity between the support pad and the side surface of the housing bounding an internal space of the last, must be circular. In this case, the spacer ring sets support insert on the radius of the housing so that the entire circumference of the lateral surface of the bearing liner formed slit-like internal cavity of constant thickness.

In a preferred embodiment of the invention in a through hole of the support liner, soobshayem with the outlet of the regulating cartridge, is the throttle that limits the amount of water passing through it per unit time, some limiting value (ogranichitel the flow). As a result, when fully opened, the regulating cartridge excluded changing the shape of the jet flowing water associated with changes in water pressure in the water distribution network connected to standpipes device.

The proposed invention in the design of plumbing pipes device is particularly suitable for spouts, made in the form of a bowl mounted on the top side water device. Such Cup-shaped spouts allow you to create a special aesthetic effect, and resulting from such spout a jet of water, forming the likeness of a water curtain, causing many users a pleasant feeling of comfort.

When this Cup it is advisable to position with tilt, providing the expiry of water over the edge of the bowl mainly in the limited angular intervals on its circumference. This approach allows to provide the desired in each case the length of the water curtain in the transverse relative to the longitudinal axis of the flow direction.

The Cup may have a penetration hole through which water flows from the bottom to the top of the bowl. Thus, in this embodiment, water enters the Cup-shaped spout is not in the side, and through the inner hole, which allows us to increase generated by the stream flowing from the spout of water aesthetic effect.

When santehnik the prioritization of water the device is a single lever mixer, relevant is the option through which the Cup is the control mechanism regulating the cartridge and the handle protrudes from the bowl up. Managing such a cartridge may, in principle, in a known manner, although made in the form of a bowl spout is, not counting the handle, the top structural member of the device.

Below the invention is described in more detail on the example of one of the variants of its implementation with reference to the accompanying drawings on which is shown:

figure 1 - type of water device to sink in longitudinal section,

figure 2 is a view shown in figure 1 water devices in the section plane II-II in figure 1,

figure 3 is a top view of a perspective view of the main parts of the body of water the device shown in figure 1 and 2

figure 4 is a bottom view of a perspective view of the support liner pipes of the device shown in figure 1 and 2

figure 5 is an enlarged detail of the section shown in figure 1,

figure 6 is a view in section of membranes used in water device shown in figures 1 and 2,

7 is a schematic depiction of a water jet flowing from shown in figures 1 and 2 water device for a sink.

Water unit for washbasin, indicated in the drawings, the General position 1 has a housing is 2, consisting of a base part 2A, performed in an open top of the glass, and mounted on a spacer 2b. The main part 2A is limited from below the supporting surface 3, is made at an angle to the axis of the housing. Bearing surface 3 mounted water device rests in a corresponding horizontal surface of the sink, and, as shown in the drawing, the axis of the housing 2 is held at an angle to the horizontal than 90°.

As clearly shown first in figure 2 and 3, the base 4 of the housing 2, which made reference plane 3, is provided with two through holes 5, 6, mirror-symmetrical relative to the plane depicted in figure 1 cross-section and is suitable for joining them are not shown in the drawings, the inlet valve for hot and cold water. For mounting this valve in the base 4 of the housing 2, approximately in the middle of the support surface 3 is provided perpendicular to the last blind threaded hole 7. In addition, the supporting surface 3 of the base 4 is provided parallel to the deaf threaded hole 7 is also deaf threaded hole 8 for screwing not shown in the drawings, the mounting rod through which water device 1 is generally attached to the sink. In addition, in the base 4 of the housing 2 made UNECE is provided a through hole 9, ending the top is not in the internal cavity of the housing 2, and on its outer side surface. Through this hole can be not shown in the drawing, traction control drain valve wash basin, running water, the device 1.

Figure 3 in the top view shows the inner space of the base part 2A of the housing 2 water device. On the specified drawing clearly visible through the receiving apertures 5 and 6 for the supply of water. In the bottom surface 11 is made a recess 12 is approximately C-shaped, occupying the whole opposite to the through holes 5 and 6, half of the bottom surface 11, as well as two sections, setting a half of the specified surface with holes 5 and 6 and partially covering these openings. In addition, in the symmetry plane of the bottom surface 11 is made without thread blind hole 13, the purpose of which is explained below.

In the inner space 10 of the main part 2A of the housing 2 in the direction from top to bottom is inserted a support insert 14, which is also made in an open top Cup.

At the base 15 of the insert 14 is provided with two symmetrical eccentric holes 16, 17 which are mounted in water device are coaxially provided in the housing 2 through holes 5 and 6. These through-hole at back the Oia 16, 17 visible in figure 2 and 4. The appointment of another through hole 18 having a relatively large cross-sectional area and located in the plane of symmetry of the liner 14 opposite the both through holes 16, 17, explained below. In addition, the lower surface 15 of the insert 14 is provided a blind hole 19, which in assembled condition coaxially provided in the base 4 of the housing 2 deaf hole 13. Included in both the deaf holes 13, 19 finger 20 ensures the proper positioning of the insert 14 relative to the base 4 of the housing 2.

To adjacent to the bottom surface 15 of the insert 14 section outer lateral surface 21 of the liner is provided with annular groove 22 into which is inserted the spacer ring 23. As shown in figure 1, the outer diameter spacer ring 23 corresponds to the diameter of the inner space 10 of the main part 2A of the housing 2 water device. This spacer ring 23 centers support insert 14 into the inner space of the housing 2, providing specified (the same around the entire circumference of) the width of the lock ring cavity located between bounding the internal space of the housing inner side surface of the latter and the outer lateral surface 21 of the liner 14. In the outer side surface of the spacer ring 23 pre is provided a multiple number of parallel its axis of grooves or slots, the flowing water. These grooves or notches not shown.

In the inner space 25 of the support liner 14 is inserted from above the regulating cartridge of known construction, indicated the General position 26. The cartridge 26 has a regulatory washer, which, as a rule, are made of ceramics and one of which is mounted stationary and the other can move relative to it. Through a combination of rotational and/or translational movement of the movable regulating plates can be to manage the flow of hot and cold water through the cartridge 26 so that the desired temperature and water flow. At the base of the cartridge 26 is provided with two through holes, aligned through holes 16 and 17 of the liner 14 and serve to feed the cartridge 26 respectively hot and cold water, and one through hole, through which the mixed water flows from the cartridge 26. In assembled condition, this through hole of the cartridge 26 coaxially with the through hole 18 of the liner 14, which, in turn, is oriented in such a way as to direct the resulting mixed water in the recess 12 of the housing 2.

This mixed water passes through the orifice 27, located in the through hole 18 of the liner 14. This choke 27 is designed in such a way as to limit the number of the quantity of water, passing through it per unit time limit, not allowing the flow to exceed this value and with increasing pressure.

The cartridge 26 is held in the internal cavity 25 of the liner 14 of the threaded element 28, the lower portion of which is included above in the inner space 25 of the liner 14, is sealed relative to bounding the cavity 25 of the inner side surface of the liner and its lower edge is adjacent to the annular flange 29 of the cartridge 26. Its shape threaded element 28 resembles a bell in the upper part of which is provided with a relatively large cross-sectional area of the through hole 30. On the annular flange 31, which is located at a distance from the bottom, resting in the flange 29 of the cartridge 26 and the edge of the screw element, provided by the outer thread 32, which interacts with the thread 33 provided on the upper end area of the bounding an internal space 10 of the main part 2A of the housing 2 of the inner side surface of the part. In accordance with the invention by screwing the external thread 32 of the threaded element 28 in the thread 33 of the housing 2, this element 28 presses the cartridge 26, moving it down against the bottom of the internal cavity 25 of the liner 14 and compressing thereby provided on the specified site seal that prevents leakage of water passing through the TVersity 16, 17, 18 of the liner 14 and aligned them with the holes in the base of the cartridge 26.

In the inner space is made in the form of a bell threaded element 28 includes a bottom arm 34 of the control cartridge 26. This lever, as in known constructions, is installed with the possibility of rotation around the axis perpendicular to the axis of the cartridge 26 that allows you to change the number resulting from the cartridge 26 of the mixed water, and with the possibility of rotation parallel to the axis of the cartridge 26 axis that allows you to change the ratio of hot and cold water mixed in water and, accordingly, to adjust the temperature of the mixed water.

When using such a cartridge in a conventional sanitary water valve control handle is set flush right on the lever 34. In this case, directly to the lever 34 fixed handle, and a gear element 35, the upper arcuate edge of which is made gear 36.

In this embodiment, the water device arm 37 management, for which the user is taken by the hand, is mostly up. At the lower end of this arm is provided a spherical hinge element 38 mounted to rotate in the bearing ring 39, the rotary finger 40. When this spherical cell battery (included) is t 38 its outer surface adjacent to which is the more to her spherically concave bearing surface 41 of the support ring 39 with the possibility of sliding of these surfaces relative to each other. Note that the support ring 39 is installed to rotate around an axis coaxial to the axis of the housing 2.

In the space provided in the hinge element 38, the recess 42 is the tail part of the rotary element 63, the bottom having the shape of a circular arc edge protruding from the hinge element 38 of the site which provides the gear 44. Ring gear 44 is engaged with a ring gear 36 provided on the transmission element 35, which is connected with the lever 34 of the cartridge 26.

The support ring 41 extends from its top, a cylindrical section, which provides articulation with arm 37 of management, down to having the form of a hollow cylinder skirt 45, the inner side surface of which is flush connected with a rotary element 46 of the cartridge 26. Figures 1 and 2 is shown protruding upward from the body of the cartridge 26, the leg of the swivel element 46. Located inside the housing section of the swivel element 46, in which, with the possibility of making a turn set lever 34 and which is installed with the possibility of rotation around the axis of the cartridge 26 is connected to the movable regulating plate of the cartridge 26 and fixed against rotation relative to it.

To the upper edge of the base part 2A of the housing 2 adjacent the intermediate ring 47, and the proper Rel the relative positioning of these parts is provided with a finger 48, entering into blind holes provided in base part 2A and the intermediate ring 47. On the upper end of the intermediate ring 47 is spherically concave, when viewed from the top, Cup-shaped spout 49 is relatively large. This spout 49 is provided by a round through hole 50, conically widening in the upper part.

With opposite relative to the cartridge 26 to the end of the threaded element 28 of the latter has an external thread 51 on which is screwed with an internal thread 64 of the clamping ring 52. The angle of inclination of the outer side surface 53 of the clamping ring 52 is complementary to the angle of inclination of the walls provided in the spout 49 conical through holes 50. This design allows you to squeeze the spout 49 clamping ring 52 to the upper end surface of the intermediate ring 47. The side surface 53 of the clamping ring 52 has many made in the form of grooves of holes, which in their totality form a ring, although not continuous, the penetration hole 62.

Between the upper edge area of the clamping ring 52 and the clamping ring 54 is sandwiched by the inner edge of the annular membrane 55. This clamping ring 54 is made in the form of a hollow cylinder passing in the axial direction of the stub portion 56 with an external thread 57. This thread wince is moved into the internal threads 58 of the clamping ring 52.

Finally, on top of the upper end of the clamping ring 54 has a flat round decorative element 59.

The membrane 55 is more clearly depicted in Fig.6. It has a relatively thin, flexible and have installed membrane conically widening towards the spout 49 section 60, and located at a radially inner edge of the membrane is compressed between the clamping rings thickening 61. When closed, the cartridge 26 radially outer edge of the membrane 55 is shown in Fig.1 and 2-way adjacent to the upper surface of the Cup-shaped spout 49.

Below is the work above water device 1 washbasin.

Suppose that, initially located inside the cartridge 26 movable regulating the puck is in the closed position in which the cartridge does not pass neither cold nor hot water. When this cold and hot water is on duty in coaxial through holes 5, 6 of the housing 2, through holes 16 and 17 of the liner 14, and is not shown in the drawing through holes provided in the bottom of the cartridge 26, and presses on the lower surface of the movable regulating washers.

To start water flow water through the device, the user turns the handle 37 of the control shown in figure 1 water device counterclockwise. While connected to the arm 37 of the spheres is ical hinge element 38 rotary element 63 also rotates counterclockwise. Members engaged with each other toothed rims 44 and 36, this movement is transmitted to the lever 34 of the cartridge 26. The last moves, if you look at the drawing 1, clockwise down and its bottom located inside the cartridge 26 by the end of the regulatory moves puck in such a way that the cartridge 26 starts to pass water. The ratio of hot and cold water coming out of the cartridge 26, the flow of the mixed water is set by rotation, in other words, by changing the angular position of the swivel element 46 of the cartridge 26 by rotation of the support ring 39 around its own axis. The angular position of the support ring 39 is adjusted by appropriate rotation of the handle 37 of the control, in principle similar to the principle of the conventional single lever faucets.

The stream flowing out of the cartridge 26 of the mixed water first passes through the orifice 27, restricting the water flow. After passing through the orifice 27, the mixed water flows in the space provided in the base 15 of the insert 14 a through hole, and through it in the space provided at the bottom surface 11 of the housing 2, the recess 12 (water distribution cavity) and distributed by the latter in the circumferential direction. From the recesses 12 water enters the ring the entrance to the cavity 24 between the inner side surface of the housing 2 and the outer sides of the second surface 21 of the liner 14, and through made in the annular flange 31 of the threaded element 28 of the recess passes to push the ring 52. Then provided in the side surface 53 of the clamping ring 52 is made in the form of grooves, the grooves of water through the gap between the ring 52 and the wall provided in the Cup-shaped spout 49 through holes 50 enters the space under the membrane 55. The water pressure membrane 55 is lifted, allowing the water to flow on the upper surface of the Cup-shaped spout 49. Overrunning spout 49, water pours out from it down schematically shown in Fig.7. a broad stream, forming a kind of water curtain. When fully opened, the cartridge water device 1, in other words, after reaching the set limit water flow orifice 27, mounted in the manner prescribed in the liner 14 through the opening 18, avoids caused by pressure fluctuations in the supply valve shape changes resulting from the spout of the spout.

When carried out by turning the handle 37 of the mixer counterclockwise overlapping cartridge 26 to the outer edge of the membrane 55 elastically returns shown in figures 1 and 2 initial position in which it rests on the upper surface of the Cup-shaped spout 49. In this position, the membrane 55 prevents the penetration from the top inside of the mixer 1 water, and p is IDE just polluted water.

1. Plumbing-pipes, the device comprising a housing with at least one receiving hole for the water spout and located inside the housing of the regulating cartridge that connects input through the receiving hole of the water and which controls the flow of water to the spout in accordance with the position of the control lever, and regulating the cartridge on its lower side has at least one inlet and one outlet for water, characterized in that the cartridge (26) is located inside the supporting liner (14)having at least one through hole (16, 17)that communicates with one hand with the specified at least one receiving hole (5, 6) of the housing (2), and on the other hand - with the specified at least one inlet hole of the cartridge (26), and another through hole (18)that communicates on one side with the outlet of the cartridge (26), and on the other hand - with the water distribution cavity (12)located between the base of the liner (14) and the housing (2) and directing the flow of water in the external radius of the area of the inner space (10) of the housing (2), and between the side surface (21) of the support liner (14) and the side surface of the housing (2), limiting the internal space (10), has a continuous cavity (24), through which water can move up to Sliva (49).

2. Water the device according to claim 1, characterized in that it is made in the form of single lever mixer.

3. Water the device according to claim 1, characterized in that between the outer lateral surface (21) of the support liner (14) and the side surface of the housing (2), limiting the internal space (10), spacer ring (23)positioning a support insert (14) and having a flow-through water extraction.

4. Water the device according to claim 1, characterized in that the through-hole (18) of the support liner (14), soobshayem with the outlet of the regulating cartridge (26), is the orifice (27), limiting the amount of water passing through it per unit time limit.

5. Water the device according to claim 1, characterized in that the spout (49) is made in the form of a bowl mounted with the upper side of the water.

6. Water the device according to claim 5, characterized in that the Cup (49) is tilted, providing the expiry of water over the edge of the bowl mainly in the limited angular intervals on its circumference.

7. Water the device according to claim 5 or 6, characterized in that the Cup (49) has a penetration hole (62)through which water flows from the bottom to the top of the bowl (49).

8. Water apparatus according to claim 7, characterized in that in a bowl (49) about the auditing mechanism (38, 63) control of the regulating cartridge (26), and arm (37) of the control is from the bowl (49) up.



 

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FIELD: mechanics.

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FIELD: sanitary equipment.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to sanitary water valves and is intended for fluid flow control in single lever mixers. Single lever mixer cartridge comprises head part (1) with base element (8) and disc control system with one control disc (5). Disc (5) by means of spindle (2), fitted to rotate and turn, is arranged to rotate and move. Base element (8) is connected to head part (1) by means of fixing connection and is sealed relative to head part (1) with help of sealing element. Two inlet channels (81) and one outlet channel (82) are made in base element (8). Base element (8) includes axial projection (83), through which only inlet channels (81) pass.

EFFECT: invention aims to higher tightness of single lever mixer.

10 cl, 41 dwg

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