FIELD: technological processes.
SUBSTANCE: invention is related to equipment for metal forming, in particular, to machines for production of cold bent corrugated sheet profiles, mainly for production of steel panel-cassettes from corrugated strips. Profile-bending machine contains decoiler, dressing machine, molding machine with working cages and aligning rollers and drive, flying shears and collecting roller table. Machine is equipped with additional decoiler and dressing machine. In duo cages of molding machine above the top roller concave supporting roller is installed. Behind duo cages coaxially aligning rollers are installed, 4-roller cage, device of double bending, three-four duo cages. Number of machine duo cages that are installed in front of 4-roller cage is equal to 12...20. Drive of machine is of chain type.
EFFECT: invention provides expansion of assortment of specified bent profiles and reduction of expenses during their production.
3 cl, 1 ex, 2 dwg
The invention relates to equipment for processing of metals by pressure, in particular for machines for the production of cold-formed corrugated sheet profiles, mainly for the production of steel panels cassettes of the corrugated strips.
Known roll forming unit, consisting of several moulding mills, installed in series, which are corrugated sheets with different form of corrugations, and along the specified number of mills moves the unit training roll of the workpiece, and a number of mills moves the trolley with a device for receiving and stacking the finished profiles (see jap. application No. 61-189827, CL 21D 13/00, publ. 23.08.86 year). However, this unit cannot manufacture panels cassettes of two simultaneously gopiraaman bands.
The closest analogue to the declared object is forming unit roll method of manufacturing a corrugated sheet profiles, described in the book Istoricheskogo and other "cold-formed corrugated profiles of rent, Kiev, "Machinery", 1973, p.35-41.
This unit includes decoiler, straightening machine, molding machine with a working train and centering rollers and drive, flying shears and the discharge conveyor. This unit also cannot manufacture panels cassettes of two simultaneously gopiraaman bands.
Tehnicheskaya of the present invention is the expansion of the product range of corrugated profiles and reduce costs in their manufacture.
Bending unit includes decoiler, straightening machine, molding machine with a working train and centering rollers and drive, flying shears and a discharge roller, unlike the closest analogue, the unit is equipped with additional decoiler and straightener, and in the stands Duo molding mill above the upper roller has a concave supporting the roller, after mill Duo set coaxially centering rollers, 4-roll mill, a device double-break, three or four crates Duo, the number of stands Duo mill, located in front of the 4-roll mill, is 12...20, and the drive of the mill chain.
The essence of the proposed technical solution is the design of the forming unit, capable of producing panel-tapes of the two corrugated sheets at the bottom with a continuous longitudinal corrugations and the top is closed transverse corrugations, the United "the castle". In addition, if necessary, the unit can be made of sheet profiles with longitudinal corrugations of different forms.
In the result, considerably expanding the technological capabilities of the unit, and the presence of a number of original technical solutions can reduce production costs (for example, the presence of the chain drive simplifies and reduces the cost of its implementation and operation to combine the Menno significant reduction of energy consumption).
We offer roll forming unit is schematically shown in figure 1, and figure 2 - part of a mill stand with a concave roller is transported to the upper band (drive unit not shown).
Forming unit contains two uncoiler 1 and 8 for a roll of strip blanks and two leveler 2 and 9 to edit the upper and lower bands. Stand Duo 3 forming mill is implemented with additional concave roller 11 (see figure 2) for transportation and centering the upper band and located above the upper roller 10, the cage 3, before you stands 3 set vertical centering rollers 4. The group stands Duo 3 is installed coaxially two pairs of centering rollers 12, four-roll stand 13, forming two bands, and on the bottom are formed continuous longitudinal corrugations, and the top transverse closed.
After this cage 13 is installed, the device 14 with two rollers inflection molded strip with transverse corrugations defined (together with the lower corrugated band) in the cage Duo 15, in which the two bands merge into a single profile with the formation of the locks on the side edges. This profile flying shears 6 cut-to-length panel cassettes, going downstream roller 7 on the package.
Bending unit operates as follows.
In forming the unit serves two is not. The lower band after decoiler 1 leveler 2 passes through the forming mill with working train 3, which is concerned with longitudinal corrugations. Before you stands 3 installed centering rollers 4. The upper band after decoiler 8 and straightening machine 9 is transported and centered more concave rollers 11. Both bands pass through the centering rollers 12 and are served in the four-roll stand 13, and are formed on the lower continuous longitudinal corrugations, and the top transverse closed. After this cage 13 upper band passes through the double bend 14. Then, both bands are served in the cage Duo 15, in which the strips are joined in one profile with the formation of the locks on the side edges. This profile flying shears 6 cut-to-length panel cassettes, going downstream roller 7 on the package.
The variant of the operation of the forming unit, in which when profiling strips only with longitudinal corrugations unwinding the strip passes successively through the lower right machine 2, stand Duo 3, the centering rollers 12, four-roll stand 13 (between a pair of the lower rolls), stand Duo 15 (without any additional deformation bands) and cut with scissors 6 on the gauge length.
Experimental validation of the proposed forming unit carried on agreg is the production of corrugated sheets of 0.5 to 2.5× 300-1500 OJSC "Magnitogorsk iron and steel works".
Experiments showed that when the molding strips with a thickness of 0.7 to 2.0 mm and a width of 1,0...1,5 m from St and article 20 on the present mill work panel cassettes required geometry with a semicircular corrugations. Was also tested variant of the unit forming one band with longitudinal corrugations (comments on the quality of the corrugated strips.
It was found that when the number of stands Duo molding mill (up to four-roll stand) less than 12 significantly narrowed the range of corrugated strips (the number of longitudinal corrugations), and at 20 crates provided a sufficient range.
The unit selected as the closest analogue in the experiments did not probyvala due to deliberate its unsuitability for the production of double corrugated panel cassettes. Thus, experimental validation confirmed the acceptability found technical solutions to achieve this goal and its advantage over the known object.
A feasibility study conducted in the Central laboratory of JSC "MMK", showed that the production of panels, cassettes, consisting of two corrugated sheets, the inventive Assembly, manufacturing costs are reduced 2,0...2,5 times in comparison with the costs required for the production of panels cassettes of the two on cereno molded corrugated strips.
Forming the Assembly shown in figures 1 and 2, produces the panel cassettes of the two corrugated strips of steel with the ultimate strength bin=450 MPa, a thickness of 1.1 mm, width 1200 mm (strip with transverse corrugations) and 1440 mm (lane longitudinal corrugations).
The finished panel-tapes have a width of 1200 mm and a length of 5 m, the Side edges of their width 60 mm on each side have a thickness of 3.3 mm and connected "in the lock.
1. Forming unit containing a decoiler, straightening machine, molding machine with a working train and centering rollers and drive, flying shears and a discharge conveyor, characterized in that it is provided with a double bend strip and additional decoiler and straightener while in the stands Duo molding mill above the upper roller has a concave supporting roller, guide rollers mounted coaxially after mill Duo, then the 4-roll mill, the double bend of the strip and an additional three or four crates Duo.
2. The Assembly according to claim 1, characterized in that the number of stands Duo, located in front of the 4-roll mill, is 12...20.
3. The Assembly according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains a chain drive of the camp.
SUBSTANCE: profiled sheet is obtained on a profile bending figure and has corrugations, located in a longitudinal direction. One or both walls of one or more, or all corrugations are in the form of wave-like lines. Besides that, the sheet has transverse steps, which are periodically and repeatedly located on the length of the sheet.
EFFECT: increased anti-avalanche capacity of profiled sheets and broadening of their arsenal.
FIELD: production methods.
SUBSTANCE: on the stretch of the metal it is profiled the lengthwise gofers simultaneously on the all breadth with plate areas between them and side shells with the following multipass riveting. On the final pass on the plate areas and side shells it is profiled with periodical step the transverse goffer with giving to the flank the final shape.
EFFECT: it is exceeded the range of flanks.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: plastic working of materials, namely tools for making thin-web sections such as bands of ledges.
SUBSTANCE: rolls include working roll grooved pass, shaping rolls, centering guiding beads of lower roll with distance between its inner end surfaces equal to width of section at inlet of rolls, cone members accompanying preliminary shaping of section until its inlet to working grooved pass. Cone surfaces trapping guided section are formed on guiding beads in front of its inner end surfaces. On cone members accompanying preliminary shaping of section before it penetrates closed working roll grooved pass there are inner end surfaces. Distance between cone surfaces and end surfaces is equal to width of section shaped in closed roll grooved pass. Method comprises steps of trapping introduced section, centering it along inner guides of roll ends, preliminary shaping of section along cone surfaces of rolls by free bending until section penetrates working roll grooved pass. Inlet section is trapped before centering it by means of cone surfaces of guiding beads and after preliminary shaping of it by free bending in cone members of rolls section is specially pulled in by means of upper rolls to working roll grooved pass at restricting section by width during manufacturing transition.
EFFECT: improved accuracy of shaping process.
4 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: plastic working of metals, namely shaping metallic sheets for lining walls and ceilings.
SUBSTANCE: section includes lengthwise periodic trapezoidal cross- section corrugations arranged by two rows along width of section and mutually spaced by flat inter-corrugation portions of predetermined size and closed semicircular cross corrugations. Each corrugation passes through mean parts of two lengthwise corrugations normally relative to their axes. Height of all corrugations is the same; width of cross corrugation consists of 0.75 - 0.80 of width of lengthwise corrugation.
EFFECT: lowered metal consumption for making sections.
1 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly production of bent sections.
SUBSTANCE: stand includes mounted in chocks upper and lower calibrated rolls. Said chocks are arranged in housings having horizontal traverse bars, four guiding struts with diameter d and compression springs. Guiding struts pass through vertical openings of chocks. Compression springs are arranged in struts between upper chocks and horizontal traverse bars of housing. Guiding struts are provided with barrel like portion arranged symmetrically relative to horizontal axis of upper roll and having circular generatrix. Radius R of said generatrix is determined by expression R = 0.5(L + D) where L -distance between centers of chock cross sections along horizontal line. Maximum diameter D of barrel like portion of struts is determined by expression Length of barrel like portion is equal to 1.2 d.
EFFECT: improved quality of bent sections.
2 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly manufacture of facing panels.
SUBSTANCE: method for making corrugated sections comprises steps of increasing number of corrugations in second and several next transitions due to simultaneously shaping at each side of ready section cross corrugations with periodical pitch and one lengthwise corrugation; using shaping mill having roll grooved pass in its stands in the form of two pairs of upper and lower shaping rollers, two pairs of upper and lower lateral calibrating rollers and one pair of central calibrating rollers, upper and lower, arranged between shaping rollers. Roll grooved passes of second and next stands include also two additional upper and lower central calibrating rollers, two upper and lower lateral calibrating rollers and one pair of spacing sleeves. Upper central calibrating rollers have two built-in shaping punches; lower central calibrating has respective grooves; additional lower central calibrating rollers have grooves for cross corrugation shaped in roll pass of previous stand. Spacing sleeves of respective stands are mounted between additional central calibrating rollers, Upper rolls are driven ones; lower rolls are joined with drive unit through driving pinions arranged by cantilever fashion. Runners of coil uncoilers have outer diameter corresponding to outer diameter of calibrating rollers of roll grooved passes of working stands.
EFFECT: enhanced efficiency of method, improved design of mill.
5 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly manufacture of corrugated sections.
SUBSTANCE: section bending mill includes upper and lower guides convergent along shaping direction and arranged in parallel relative to flanges of produced corrugated section; vertically closed traction chains with shaping bodies in the form of bodies of revolution. Shaping bodies are mounted on upper guides and they are non-driven ones in the form of row of rollers. Hinges of vertically closed traction chains are used as driven shaping members: said hinges are in the form of cylinder -rollers that may engage for forming corrugations with row of rollers of non-driven shaping members and may perform rolling motion along shaping direction on driving branches of said chains in lower guides. Said lower guides have friction paths.
EFFECT: simplified design of section sending mill.
FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly manufacture of commercial bent shapes.
SUBSTANCE: roller table is arranged behind last stand of mill and it includes rollers; group type drive unit; deflecting member in the form of rectangular plate of predetermined height spaced by predetermined distance from last stand depending upon length of shape and mounted with possibility of rotation. Drive rollers are cylindrical ones and they are mounted by cantilever fashion in horizontal supporting sections.
EFFECT: simplified reduced-cost operation of roller table.
2 cl, 1 ex, 1 dwg
FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly manufacture of commercial bent shapes.
SUBSTANCE: drive unit is group type unit and it includes motor, reduction gear, sprockets and Gall's roller chain with power and tension gear wheels mounted respectively at inlet and at outlet of transporting roller table. Main sprockets are mounted in axles in supports; intermediate sprockets are mounted on axles with rollers of roller table. Power gear wheel drives sprockets to motion by means of Gall's roller chain whose rupture effort is calculated beforehand.
EFFECT: simplified reduced-cost operation of roller table.
1 ex, 2 dwg
FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly manufacture of non-equal flange channel sections.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of successively bending from pass to pass edge members of strip blank by predetermined bending radiuses while changing concrete values of bending angles in direction of shaping. In first and second passes bending angle α of small flange of section is set equal to 24 - 25° and in pre-final pass bending angle α is set equal to 10°. Bending angle of large flange in pre-final pass is increased relative to such angle of previous pass by 8 - 9°. Bending radiuses for all passes are constant ones and they are equal to doubled thickness of section.
EFFECT: improved quality of non-equal flange channel sections due to their enhanced geometry and due to lowered manufacturing expenses.
FIELD: rolled stock production.
SUBSTANCE: shape bending mill used, mainly for producing tinned corrugated sheets includes successively mounted first guiding stand with cylindrical rolls, shaping duo-stands and pairs of vertical centering rollers. Shaping stands are assembled to units (each unit includes 3 - 5 stands) and mounted on common foundation plate of unit. Vertical centering rollers and additional one or two pulling devices are alternatively arranged between said units. Only first guiding stand is fully driven one. All even and last shaping stands have driven lower and idle upper rolls; odd stands have two idle rolls.
EFFECT: lowered production costs, enhanced quality of shapes.
3 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: rolled stock production, namely equipment of shape bending mills, mainly for making tinned corrugated sheets.
SUBSTANCE: drive unit of shape bending mill with first guiding stand and pulling roller devices includes motor, reduction gear, sprockets, forcing and tensioning gear wheels, roller chain embracing sprockets along S-shaped curve and sine curve. Torque of motor is transmitted only to lower shaping rolls of even stands and of last stand of mill and also to both rolls of guiding stand and to horizontal rollers of pulling devices through sprockets mounted on their axles. Chain embraces sprockets of rolls of guiding stand and of rollers of pulling devices along S-shaped curve and it embraces sprockets of drive rolls and sprockets that are not joined with shaping rolls along sine curve. Axles of sprockets that are not joined with shaping rolls may be arranged higher than axles of lower drive rolls by value determined according to relation given in claims of invention.
EFFECT: lowered cost of shape bending mill, reduced power consumption for profiling, enhanced quality of ready shapes.
2 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: plastic working of metals.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises steps of deforming sheet blank by drawing it through closed working gage of draw plate; using linear electric motor at making shapes. In order to draw blank through closed working gage of draw plate at smoothly deforming it, pulling effort uniformly distributed along the whole length of deformation zone is provided. Said pulling effort is created due to interaction of traveling magnetic field induced in winding of stator of linear electric motor with eddy currents induced in blank for moving blank according to traveling magnetic field. Apparatus for making shapes of sheet blank includes draw plate with closed working gage. Apparatus for making shapes of electrically conducting material includes linear electric motor supporting draw plate with closed working gage; the last is fixed to said motor. It is possible to use as linear electric motor single-side linear electric motor, double-side linear electric motor or cylindrical linear electric motor.
EFFECT: enlarged manufacturing possibilities, enhanced quality of shapes.
5 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: plastic metal working.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus for corrugating sheet material includes shaping members rigidly mounted on shafts. Shafts are rotated in opposite directions by means of their drive units. On one shaft shaping members are arranged normally relative to axis of shaft; on other shaft shaping members are arranged symmetrically relative to said normally arranged member and in pairs at mutual inclination angle α in range 15° < α < 90°.
EFFECT: possibility for making constructional members of panels with noise absorption properties.
FIELD: plastic working of metals.
SUBSTANCE: stand includes housing, shaping aggregate. The last is in the form of two rigidly and mutually joined jaws in which two horizontal shafts-inserts are mounted. On said shafts-inserts shaping rollers joined with drive mechanism are rigidly mounted one over another with possibility of changing inter-axial distance. Shaping aggregate is in the form of stand module whose jaws consist of dismounted frameworks. Horizontal shafts-inserts with shaping rollers are mounted in movable carriages with possibility of their vertical motion. Shaping rollers are mounted in bearing assemblies of movable carriages and they are joined by key joint with said horizontal shafts-inserts. In order to provide possibility for changing inter-axial distance, horizontal shafts-inserts with shaping rollers are mounted in movable carriages whose vertical motion is timed with use of kinematic circuit and adjusted by means of two lead screws. Each of said screw has thread portions with mutually opposite direction of thread. Stand module is arranged on platform mounted in foundation with possibility of inclination in vertical plane by angle up to 30є due to its motion in annular grooves of foundation by means of worm pair. The last includes segment rigidly joined with platform; worm engaged with said segment.
EFFECT: enlarged manufacturing possibilities and increased module quantity of construction.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: plastic working of metals, possibly manufacture of shapes.
SUBSTANCE: machine includes mounted according to manufacturing process: stand for preliminarily shaping and drive profiling stands with shafts mounted by cantilever fashion. Free ends of shafts are closed by means of stirrup and paired rollers mounted in shafts and having closed profiling gap with basing on vertical and horizontal mounting surfaces of rollers. Each working shaft has basic bead. In each lower shaft two sleeves of designed size are mounted. Lower roller is mounted between said sleeves. Each stirrup is jointly mounted in housing with possibility of motion, fixation in horizontal plane and rotation by 180º and it is provided with two slides holding shafts and allowing to move them and fix in vertical plane. Each pair of rollers has in each stand basic plane supported by sleeve; dimension of sleeve is determined according to given mathematical relation.
EFFECT: elimination of tuning profiling axis at readjustment of machine.
FIELD: plastic working of metals.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes shaping members mounted with possibility of plastic deforming of sheet material placed between them; drive unit of shaping members and drive unit for feeding sheet material to working zone. Shaping members are in the form of pair of rolls arranged in parallel; each roll has on diametrically opposite sides of its surface extended along rotation axis stepped slopes with end surfaces turned to the same peripheral direction. Drive unit of shaping members is in the form of synchronized rotation drive designed for rotating rolls in opposite directions and it is combined with drive unit for feeding sheet material. Working and end surfaces of both rolls may be in the form of mutually adjacent annular protrusions and annular recesses embracing rotation axis of rolls. Annular protrusions of one roll are arranged between annular protrusions of other roll.
EFFECT: enhanced operational efficiency, simplified design of apparatus.
2 cl, 8 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: rolled stock production, possibly manufacture of cold bent rolled shapes.
SUBSTANCE: roll includes arbor with diameter d having flange, shaping members with predetermined rolling diameter D and unit for securing them to arbor. Said unit is arranged at side of mill drive and it includes cylinder-cone locking ring mounted on arbor and three stops equally spaced one form other and secured to arbor by means of bolts. Stops have upper and lower cylindrical surfaces whose diameters are equal respectively (0.7- 0.8)D and d. Lateral surfaces of stops are parallel to roll axis; their end surfaces are normal relative to roll axis. Generatrices of inner cylindrical surfaces of stops turned to shaping members are inclined by angle α = 68 -70° to roll axis and they engage with cone surface of locking ring whose generatrix is inclined by angle α to roll axis.
EFFECT: enhanced quality of bent shapes due to their improved geometry, lowered costs of production process.
2 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: rolled stock production, possibly manufacture of cold drawn shapes of sheet materials, namely coated corrugated sheets.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus includes pair of horizontal drawing rollers that are spaced one from other by preset adjustable gap. Barrels of horizontal rollers are made of fit on axle rubber rings mutually spaced by maximum vertical gap equal to maximum height of corrugations. At both sides of rollers two pairs of vertical rollers are mounted with possibility of changing distance between rollers of each pair. Distance along rolling axis between vertical rollers and axial vertical plane of horizontal rollers is selected according to given relation.
EFFECT: enhanced quality of coating, lowered costs for making shapes.
3 cl, 1 dwg, 1 ex
FIELD: rolled stock production, possibly development of shape bending mills.
SUBSTANCE: drive unit includes motor, reduction gear, power and tension gear wheels, pairs of upper and lower supports where sprockets embraced along curve by means of Gall's chain are mounted on shafts. Said supports are arranged by two mutually parallel rows; axes of all pairs of supports of mutually opposite rows are in different vertical planes. All sprockets are arranged in one vertical plane between rows of supports.
EFFECT: lowered cost of drive unit and reduced expenses for its operation.
3 cl, 2 dwg, 1 ex