Fluid medium energy converter (options)

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: invention is related to the field of renewable energy sources, namely, wind energy conversion into electric energy. Converter contains frame and first and second blades that are kinematically connected with cord (chain), first and second drums (starts) that are motionlessly installed in the shafts of the first and second gears, which interact with the first and second gears via corresponding overrunning clutches, third gear and conical pair of gears with step-up gear and generator, fourth and fifth gears that interact with the third gear and third and fourth blades that are kinematically joined with cord (chain) and third and fourth drums (stars), which interact with fourth and fifth gears via corresponding overrunning clutches. Converter is made of two parts that are symmetrical in respect to outlet shaft of fifth gear, in which drive gear of conical pair is motionlessly installed. The second option of energy converter consists of two parallel adjacent pipes, in the middle of which leak-tight chamber is installed, and blades are installed inside pipes.

EFFECT: increase of efficiency factor and reduction of fluid medium energy conversion net cost.

9 cl, 8 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of using renewable energy sources, namely wind and hydro energy, and convert them to other uses, mainly in electrical energy.

Known wind turbine [Tsyrulnikov SR Wind power installation. RU # 2125182 C1, CL F03D 5/04 20.01.1999,] using the main working element in the form of a sail mounted on the platform, and the platform is connected, in turn, in part, the beginning and the end of which are connected together, i.e. form a ring. The composition is set to the appropriate size platforms circular path. The sail has the greatest utilization of wind energy. The power developed by the plant, is taken from the shaft of the wheels of the platform.

The disadvantage of this wind energy installation is mechanical (manual) initial orientation of the sail depending on the wind direction and manual adjustment of its position when the wind direction changes. In addition, the orientation of the sail changes synchronously throughout the time of passage of the platform along a circular path. During this time the sail makes a half-turn (180°) around its axis (hours). Such a change in the orientation of the blade (sails) on the vast stretch of passage of the platform along a circular path does not provide effectively what about the selection of wind energy.

Also known wind turbine [Aliyev AS the wind Turbine Foundation. RU # 2224135 C1, CL F03D 5/00 20.02.2004,], which according to their design characteristics can be specified as a prototype of the proposed Converter of energy.

The prototype contains circular road, platform, rack, blade, vane, site orientation and fixing the position of the blade.

Platform rotate around a vertical Central shaft from which motion is transmitted to the generator or water pump.

The disadvantages of the prototype is the complexity of the design, site orientation and fixation of the blade, which complicates its use. Furthermore, the design of the prototype is not possible to use hydraulic motors.

The purpose of this invention is to simplify the design of the Converter and the expansion of its use in hydropower installations.

This goal is achieved by the use of the new design of energy conversion fluid (wind turbine or hydraulic motor), which contains a skeleton and kinetically connected to the first cable or the first circuit, the first and second blade fixedly mounted on the shafts of the first and second gears of the first and second drums, or the first and second stars, when using chains interacting through the respective overrunning clutch lane with the St and second gears, a third gear and a pair of conical gears with a multiplier and a generator. In addition, the Converter provides advanced, interacting with the third gear fourth and fifth gear and kinematically associated with a second rope or the second circuit third and fourth blades, third and fourth reels or the third and fourth stars, interacting through the respective overrunning clutch with fourth and fifth gears. This Converter is made of two parts, symmetric with respect to the output shaft fifth gear, which still installed leading bevel gear pair.

This Converter includes a third and fourth cables (or chains)that are installed on the lower ends of the rack gears.

Each blade of the Converter includes a vertical rack and two folding halves, interacting with the first and second nodes adjust the angle of the blade mounted on the upper and lower ends of the rack. The upper end of the bar by means of a strap pivotally connected with two clips, free riding on the edge of the area of the upper frame and the lower end of the bar pivotally connected with the third roller riding on the edge area of the bottom of the frame. In addition, on the upper and lower ends of each half of the blade bearings are set, interacting with supports. PR is on one or both halves of the blade has a magnet, but after a couple of racks of blade missing one cable or chain, or two ropes (or chains) interacting with four blocks (or stars) and two drums fixedly mounted on the uprights of the respective gears.

Each node adjust the angle of the blade contains a coaxially pivotally mounted on the front vane outer and inner sleeve with inclined notches, still associated with the left and right halves of the blade. In addition, the bracket, one tip which interacts with the inclined cut out sleeves and the other tip is still connected with a movable ring on a movable ring and below the first and second springs. The end of the first spring abuts against the restrictive ring retainer and the second end of the spring in the end of the inner sleeve.

The first and second and third and fourth blades are out of phase, and the second pair of blades is shifted relative to the first pair by a quarter period (90°). In the end of the stroke each half of the blade through the bearing communicates with the appropriate emphasis, and at the end of the passive turn the folded half of the blades interact with the corresponding wedge.

The Converter further comprises first and second pontoons, still associated with the frame.

The second option preobrazovala what I energy fluid contains kinematically connected to the first circuit, the first and second blades, still mounted on the shafts of the first and second gears of the first and second stars, interacting with the first and second gear, third gear, and a pair of conical gears with a multiplier and a generator. In addition, the Converter provides advanced, interacting with the third gear fourth and fifth gear and kinematically connected to the second circuit third and fourth blades, the third and fourth stars, interacting with fourth and fifth gears. In addition, the Converter includes two parallel connecting pipes in the middle which has an airtight chamber inside the pipes installed these blades consisting of two halves, and four vertical posts on which the hinge is installed above the stars. On the walls of the branched pipe sections by means of brackets hinge set four stars. In addition, in a sealed chamber with the possibility of free rotation is installed vertically four hours of these gears, which, in turn, permanently installed first, second, third and fourth stars, each pair of which a first circuit is connected to the first and second blades, and using the second chain from the third and fourth lobes, respectively. Each half of the blade has a semicircular shape, in horizontal with the treatment at diametrically opposite points which are installed magnets and bearings. On the upper end of each front blade pivotally mounted two bearings connected by a horizontal crosspiece, and the lower third bearing. In parallel circuits, permanently associated with the racks of blades, stretched first and second cables, freely passed through holes in the first, third and second, and fourth columns, respectively. While the Converter is implemented in the form of two identical mechanisms, symmetric with respect to the output shaft fifth gear, each of which contains a closed rectangular loop formed by the first and second circuits.

The second variant of the transducer further comprises a magnetic coupling, the lower coupling half which is stationary and coaxially connected with the fifth gear and the upper coupling coaxially still installed on the shaft leading bevel gear being in coupling with a driven bevel gear mounted on the shaft multiplier, connected to the generator.

The top wall of the sealed chamber made of non-ferromagnetic material.

Figure 1 presents the energy Converter fluid, top view where:

1 - frame;

2 is a vertical uprights;

3, 4, the first and second pontoons;

5 - frame top;

6 - units;

7 - brackets;

8 - blade folding;

9 - hour front blades;

10 - stops;

11 - under iniki;

12 - magnet;

13 - wedge;

14, 15, 16, 17, 18 - first, second, third, fourth, and fifth gears;

19 - upper platform;

Figure 2 presents a view a-a of the energy Converter of figure 1, where:

positions 1-19 are the same as in figure 1;

20 - drums (star);

21 - overrunning clutch;

22 - bearings;

23 - site adjustment of the angle of the blade;

24 is a leading bevel gear;

25 is a driven bevel gear;

26 - frame bottom;

27 is a bottom platform;

28 - the upper and lower cables;

29 - shaft gears;

30 - jumpers;

31 - roller;

Figure 3 presents the design of the folding blades 23 where:

32 - resistant ring;

33, 34 - first, second mounting ring;

35 - folding half of the blade;

36 - fiberglass;

37, 38 inner and outer sleeves with inclined slits;

39 - second jumper;

40 is movable ring;

41 - clamp;

42 - ring restrictive;

43 - locking bolt;

44, 45, the first and second springs;

46 - brackets;

47 - roller;

48 - axis;

49 corner of the frame;

50 - the right half of the blade;

51 - rope (chain).

Figure 4 presents the view In figure 3 on site adjustment of the angle of the blade 23, where:

position 40-51 are the same as in figure 3;

52 - the left half of the blade;

53, 54 - notches 37 in the outer and inner bushings 38.

Figure 5 presents a view along f is Data2, where:

55 - a bypass pipe from the main gas pipeline (pipeline);

56 - the left and right branching;

57, 57 - hour front blades;

58 - folding blades;

59 - bearings;

60 - wedges;

61 - chain;

62 - stars (blocks);

63 - brackets;

64 - racks;

65 - second brackets;

66 - hour front blades;

67 - stars;

68 - rods;

69 - stops;

70 - the side walls of the sealed chamber.

Figure 6 presents the view From With in Fig.7, where:

71, 72 - top and bottom covers;

73, 74 - left and right front blades;

75, 76 of the left and right folding blades;

77 - stars;

78, 79 left and right leading stars (drums);

80, 81 left and right shafts leading stars;

82 - chain;

83, 84 of the left and right overrunning clutch;

85, 86 left and right gears;

87, 88, the lower and upper magnetic coupling;

89 - flange for mounting a magnetic floor coupling 88;

90 - brackets;

91, 92 is a leading and driven bevel gears;

93 - multiplier;

94 - generator.

Figure 7 presents a view-In Fig.6, where:

85, 86, 95, 96, 97 - first, second, third, fourth, and fifth gears;

99 - axis rotation.

On Fig presents a view of round folding blades, where:

99, 100 to the left and right half of the blade;

101, 102 upper and lower bearings;

103 - brackets;

104 installation and thrust the ring;

105 - bearings;

106 - brackets;

107 - stops;

108 - chain;

109 - rope guide;

110 - magnet.

The principle of operation of the energy Converter of the fluid, the design of which is presented in figure 1-figure 4, is as follows.

The energy Converter is designed to convert the energy flowing river into electrical or mechanical energy. The design of the Converter consists of a rigid frame 1, the shape of a rectangular parallelepiped. Top 5 and bottom 26 of the rectangular frame are welded from metal area. The elongated sides of the frames of the rectangular faces of the parts 49 are directed upwards and downwards. The frames are connected to each other using six vertical posts 2.

To provide positive buoyancy of the energy Converter to the end corners of the upper frame still attached to the first 3 and second 4 pontoons. The volume of the pontoons is chosen such that the upper platform 19 and installed it mechanisms (position 5-18; 24, 25) was found in surface position.

Using Converter cables attached to the pins hammered into the ground on both sides of the river. On vertical posts 2 by means of brackets 7 pivotally mounted blocks 6. Blocks are established at two levels. Through the blocks around his neck and stretched cables 28. They form four rectangular contour. Two of them finding the camping at the top, two at the bottom. In each loop the cable additionally embraces two drum 20 (stars)that are installed on the respective racks.

The power Converter includes four blades consisting of two folding rectangular halves. Both halves of the blades are pivotally mounted on vertical front blades 9 can be rotated from 0 to 90°. On the front 9 at the top and bottom blades are nodes adjust the angle of the blade 23. Over the two halves of the blade pivotally mounted bearings 11. At the end of the stroke of the blade above the bearings interact with the stops 10 and press the two halves of the blade to each other. The magnets 12 mounted in the tips of the halves of the blade, keep this folded position of the blade to the end of the passive (reverse) turn the blades of the upstream (or wind). At the end of the passive section of the blade faces the tip of the wedge 13 which, overcoming the magnetic forces of attraction that separates the left and right half of the blades from each other. Further disclosure of the blade help the compressed second spring 45 site adjustment of the angle of the blade and the impending flow of water (or wind).

At a time when the left blade is passive (folded) position, the right blade 8 is in operation (open) position.

Switch to the s of the blades from the working active position to the passive and Vice versa occurs almost simultaneously.

For output of the energy Converter of the "dead" point can be used flywheel mounted on the axis of rotation of the fifth gear 18.

In this design of the "dead" point is used the second pair of blades, the movement of which is shifted relative movement of the first pair 90°. Each time at least one blade is in the open, i.e. in the working position. Mainly in the working position are two blades, one on right and left sides. The moments generated by the water pressure on the working blade, are summarized on the shaft fifth gear 18. In addition, it increases the synchronicity of rotation of the output shaft. To increase power output possible parallel connection of a large number of data converters of energy. For this purpose on the shaft fifth gear additionally set bevel gear, which transmits the rotation of the driven gear mounted on a common shaft passing through the centers concurrently or sequentially installed energy converters.

Figure 2 presents a view a-a of figure 1. On the corner of the upper frame 5 roll the rollers 31, connected to each other by a crosspiece 30. Jumper still connected with the upper end of the support blade 9. On the lower end of the front blade has a third roller, which rolls on the corner of the lower frame 6. On the rack pivotally mounted blade, consisting of two halves. Half of the blades interact with the upper and lower nodes adjust the angle of the blade 23. This node adjusts the opening angle of the two halves of the blade in the range from 0 to 180°.

The power Converter consists of two parts, symmetric with respect to the output shaft fifth gear. Each part contains two blades and eight blocks or stars installed in two tiers. Blocks (stars) are installed at the corners of the rectangle and using the appropriate brackets associated with vertical posts 2. Through the blocks of the upper and lower tiers thrown ropes (or chains), interacting with the two upper and two lower drums (stars), respectively. Drums (star) still installed on the shafts of the first and second (third and fourth) gears. On the upper ends of the shafts 29 still installed hub respective overrunning 21. In this clip these overrunning still associated with the first and second (third and fourth) gears. Overrunning clutch mounted on the shafts 29 so that when entering into the clutch overrunning clutch first gear overrunning clutch second gear out of the clutch, and Vice versa. As a pair of gears 14, 15 and 16, 17 have the same parameters - the diameters and number of teeth - leading to gears what they become by one. Regardless of this switch, the fifth gear 18 rotates continuously in one direction.

Thus, regardless of the direction of movement of the blades 8 and the rotation of the drums (or stars) 20 torques four shafts 29 pairs are formed and transmitted to the output shaft fifth gear 18. Instead of 6 blocks and cables 28 can be used stars and chains. Chain transmission eliminates slippage and has higher efficiency. In this case, a chain transfer may be used alone. The chain can be skipped through the middle rack of blades.

To install the rack gears, and the gears, multiplier and oscillator used top 19 and bottom 27 of the platform. These platforms still attached to the middle of the upper and lower frames. On the axis of rotation of the fifth gear 18 still installed leading bevel gear 24. Driven bevel gear 25 is stationary mounted on the input shaft of the multiplier. From the multiplier rotation is transmitted to the generator or water. the pump (figure 2 not specified).

The pontoons 3, 4 has a streamlined shape and is attached to the middle of the end sides of the upper frame 5. They provide the necessary positive buoyancy of the energy Converter. In addition, its enclosures pontoons divide the flow of water or wind into two parts and sent them into the working vane is.

Figure 3 presents the design of the folding blade 8 together with two nodes adjust the angle of the blade 23. The upper rollers 47 by means of brackets 46 are connected with a jumper 30. Center jumper still connected to the front blade 9. In fact, the blade is suspended from the lateral corner of the upper frame 5. The lower end of the bar 9 by means of a bracket associated with the third bottom roller. Roller with bracket cover area of the lower frame 26. This blade installation provides its free reciprocating movement along the lateral edges of the frames 5, 26.

On the front 9 are still two thrust rings 32. Over the thrust rings at the front blades installed the first 33 and second 34 setting rings with the possibility of free rotation. With the first ring 33 with the second jumper 39 still connected to one half of the blade (for example, left). With the second ring 34 with the jumper still connected to the other (right) half of the blade 50.

When changing the speed of the current environment to adjust the effective area of the blades are used, the nodes adjust the angle of the blade 23, which includes positions 34-43.

To hold the blade in the folded position of the magnets 12.

The magnets are fixed on the front edge of the halves of the blade from the inside. The contour of each half of the s blades can be made from tubing of rectangular or circular cross-section, covered with metal mesh and covered with fiberglass. The small size of the blades can be used on only one node 23.

Site adjustment of the angle of the blade consists of 37 external and internal bushing 38 with inclined slits. These bushings worn on the front blade 9 with the possibility of free rotation. The external sleeve 37 of the second jumper 39 still connected with the right side of the blade 50 and the inner sleeve with the jumper still connected to the left half of the blade 52 (see figure 4). Slanted slits 53, 54 in the sleeve 37, 38 are directed in opposite sides of the cross. The incisions take on the circumference of the bushings 90° by adding the thickness of the tip of the bracket 41. Lower the tip of the bracket is cut out both of the sleeves 53, 54. Top tip bracket still connected to the movable ring 40. Over a movable ring and below the first 44 and second 45 of the cylindrical spring. The other end of the first spring abuts against the restrictive ring 42 with a locking bolt 43. The second end of the spring 45 abuts against the end of the inner sleeve 38.

When closing the blade at the end of the stroke bearings 11 mounted on the upper end of each half of the blade, encounter the stops 10 and reduce the angle between the two halves of the blades from 180 to 0°. This slanted slits 53, 54 in the sleeve 37, 38 in talkabout tip bracket 41 down. The spring 44 in the beginning contributes to the further reduction of the angle between the two halves of the blades. Sandwiched between the bounding 42 and 40 movable rings spring moves the ring 40 and an associated bracket 41 down. Tip bracket cooperates with inclined slits and expands the sleeve 37, 38 and the associated right and left half of the blades towards each other. The second spring is compressed and softens the blow when closing the blade. The lower position of the bracket 41 corresponds to the complete closing of the blades. The magnets 12 hold such position at the entire section of the passive turn the blades.

When opening the blade with a wedge 13, overcoming the magnetic forces of attraction between the two magnets 12 mounted on the two halves of the blade, the angle between the two halves of the blade increases. This process is promoted by the compressed second spring and a counter flow of water (or wind). When opening the two halves of the blade associated bushings 37 and 38 are expanded in opposite directions. The interaction of the notches 53 and 54 with the tip of the bracket 41 causes the spring 44 is compressed. This leads to a softening of the blow when opening the blade. The angle of the blade can be adjusted by moving the restrictive ring on the front blade, and selecting the stiffness of the spring. The change in effective dps is spare blades occurs when you change the speed of the river current or wind. Changing the angle of the two halves of the blade will allow you to adjust the speed of rotation of the output shaft, and hence the generator in a wide range of changes in the flow velocity of the medium (water or wind). The rope (or chain) 51 can be skipped in the middle of the front blade (see figure 4).

Installation of two nodes adjust the angle of the blade 23 at the two ends of the rack 9 can improve the reliability of the energy Converter.

Figure 5 presents the second version of the Converter, designed for installation in a pipeline or pipeline.

For installation information sensors along the main gas pipelines and oil pipelines requires the development and creation of Autonomous sources of electricity to power the information sensors power of about 200 watts at a voltage of 9 Century Such sensors must be installed over 50 km along the main pipeline and the pipeline.

To install the energy Converter is necessary to make the allotment (Appendix) from the main line and remove the required amount of gas or oil. After working gas (or oil) is again supplied to the main line. For this you need to install in trunk lines required removable flap (septum)that increases the resistance of the main stream.

The principle of operation of the second variant of the energy Converter coincides with the first option presented on Fig.1-4. The difference lies in changing the design of individual elements, in particular in the allocation of output power by using a magnetic coupling. Branched gas flow (oil) is divided into two streams. The two branched pipes 56 are connected in parallel to each other and are connected to the bypass pipe 55. The energy Converter contains two identical mechanism. Each of them has a closed rectangular loop of chain 61. When using the rope at the corners of a rectangle by means of brackets 63 pivotally mounted star 62. The middle four star swivel attached to the racks 64, installed vertically in parallel branched pipe 56. Four extreme stars 62 by means of brackets 63 pivotally attached to the inclined pipe. This fastening stars should be such that the stretched chain is passed through the geometric axes parallel pipe sections 56. When using rope used blocks 62 and drums instead of stars 78, 79. Central leading stars 78, 79 are mounted on the carriers overrunning clutches 83 and 84, a hub mounted on shafts 80 and 81 motionless. For the installation of the shafts 80 and 81, as well as gears multiplier and generator creates a special airtight chamber, to the which consists of parallel upper the bottom and side walls 70, welded on all sides to the pipe 56. The pressure inside the chamber is set the same as inside pipes.

The upper wall must be made of non-ferromagnetic material. It is necessary to install a magnetic coupling 87, 88. Folding blades 58 are composed of two semicircular halves. In the middle of both halves of the blades installed bearings 59, interacting with the lugs 69. Stops using rods 68 are installed in the Central horizontal section of the pipe.

Two wedges 60 are mounted next to the stars on the inclined pipe. The other two wedges are attached to the posts 64 of the second circuit, also close to the stars (units) 62. The left and right half of the blades are pivotally mounted on the front blades 66, similar to the blades presented on figure 3. If necessary, on each front blade 66 can be installed one (or two) site adjustment of the angle of the blade. However, the adjustment of the rotation speed of the generator can be realized by changing the pressure of gas or oil that branch from the main line in the Appendix.

To impart vertical position racks of blades 66 uses the second rope 109, stretched parallel to the circuit 108. Axial chain are connected to the uprights of the blade still. The second cable 109 passes freely through openings in the front blades and the preserved its vertical position when the reciprocating motion of the blade.

The upper end of the rack is connected with a horizontal crosspiece, the ends of which by means of brackets 103 has two bearing 101, similarly to the rollers 30 in figure 2. On the lower end of the support bracket has a third bearing 102. The bearings roll along the inner surface of the pipe, while maintaining the vertical position of the rack 66. Thus, it provides a free reciprocating movement of the blades along the two parallel sections of pipes. At any point in time in the open (operating) position is one or two blades. Thus the points of location of the blades in the end ("dead") points in the first and second contours are displaced in time phase by 90°. At the same gears, stars in both circuits, such a shift of the phase is kept constant. This eliminates the coincidence in time of "dead" spots in the two paths.

To improve the synchronous rotation of the generator on the axis of rotation of the fifth gear through the overrunning clutch can be installed massive flywheel (figure 6 not specified). Figure 6 kinematic relationship between racks of blades 66 and shaft gears 80, 81 is carried out by means of a chain. For this purpose, the shafts 80, 81 still installed hub overrunning 83, 84, the holder of which is still associated with the respective stars (drums) 78, 79. On the shafts 80, 81 in which are mounted left 85 and 86 right gear. This overrunning clutch 83 and 84 are installed so that when entering the coupling of the first coupling 83 a second coupling out of the clutch, i.e. is in the neutral position. At the same gears 85, 86, 95 and 96 and the kinematic scheme of their inclusion presented on Fig.7, the setting of an overrunning provides constant direction of rotation of the fifth gear 97, regardless of the direction of rotation of the stars (or drums) 78, 79. To transmit the torque of the fifth gear on the leading bevel gear 91 using a magnetic coupling. The magnetic clutch comprises a lower magnetic coupling 87, still associated with the fifth gear 97, and the upper magnetic coupling 88 fixedly connected with the bevel gear 91. The upper magnetic coupling still installed on the flange 89, mounted on the same axis of rotation with a leading bevel gear 91. To install the flange and bevel gears 91 are the brackets 90. The bottom 87 88 and the upper magnetic coupling halves are separated from each other by the upper cover 71 sealed chamber. This cover must be made of non-ferromagnetic material that permits welding with metal tubes. An airtight chamber must be designed for a working pressure in the pipes Appendix.

Rotation from the leading bevel gear 91 is transmitted to the driven bevel gear 92. WEDO is a second gear mounted on the input shaft of the multiplier. The multiplier is used to increase the speed of rotation of the driven gear 92 to the nominal speed of the generator. Generator with multiplier installed on the top cover sealed chamber 71.

The energy Converter of the fluid can be used as an independent source of electrical energy where there is no centralized power.

1. The energy Converter of the fluid containing the frame and kinematically connected to the first cable or the first circuit, the first and second blade fixedly mounted on the shafts of the first and second gears of the first and second drums, or the first and second stars, when using chains interacting through the respective overrunning clutches, first and second gear, third gear, and a pair of conical gears with a multiplier and a generator, characterized in that the Converter comprises additionally interacting with the third gear fourth and fifth gear and kinematically associated with a second rope or the second circuit third and fourth blades and the third and fourth drums or third and the fourth star, interacting through the respective overrunning clutch with fourth and fifth gears, while the Converter is made of two parts, symmetric with respect to the output shaft fifth gear, which is podvigina installed leading bevel gear pair.

2. The Converter according to claim 1, characterized in that it contains the third and fourth cables (or chains)that are installed on the lower ends of the rack gears.

3. The Converter according to claim 1, wherein each blade includes a vertical rack and two folding halves, interacting with the first and second nodes adjust the angle of the blade mounted on the upper and lower ends of the rack, with the upper end of the rack by means of a strap pivotally connected with two clips, free riding on the edge of the area of the upper frame and the lower end of the bar pivotally connected with the third roller riding on the edge area of the bottom of the frame, in addition, on the upper and lower ends of each half of the blade bearings are set, interacting with stops at one or both the halves of the blade has a magnet, and a couple of racks of blade missing one cable or chain, or two ropes (or chains)that interact with four blocks (or stars) and two drums fixedly mounted on the uprights of the respective gears.

4. The energy Converter of fluid according to claim 3, characterized in that each node adjust the angle of the blade contains a coaxially pivotally mounted on the front vane outer and inner sleeve with inclined notches, still associated with the right and left halves of the blade, as well as the bracket, one tip which interacts with the inclined cut out sleeves and the other tip is still connected with a movable ring on a movable ring and below the first and second springs, the first end of the spring abuts against the restrictive ring retainer and the second end of the spring in the end of the inner sleeve.

5. The energy Converter of fluid according to claim 3, characterized in that the first and second and third and fourth blades are out of phase, and the second pair of blades is shifted relative to the first pair by a quarter period (90°)at the end of the stroke each half of the blade through the bearing communicates with the appropriate emphasis, and at the end of the passive turn the folded half of the blades interact with the corresponding wedge.

6. The Converter according to claim 1, characterized in that it further comprises first and second pontoons, still associated with the frame.

7. The energy Converter fluid containing kinematically connected to the first circuit, the first and second blade fixedly mounted on the shafts of the first and second gears of the first and second stars, interacting with the first and second gear, third gear, and a pair of conical gears with a multiplier and a generator, characterized in that the Converter contains the optional interacting with the third gear fourth and fifth gear and kinematically connected to the second circuit third and fourth blades and the third and fourth stars interacting with fourth and fifth gears, in addition, the Converter includes two parallel connecting pipes in the middle which has an airtight chamber inside the pipes installed these blades consisting of two halves, and four vertical posts on which the hinge is installed above the stars, while on the walls of the branched pipe sections by means of brackets hinge set four stars, also in a sealed chamber with the possibility of free rotation is installed vertically four hours of these gears, which, in turn, permanently installed first, second, and third and fourth stars, each pair of which the first circuit is connected to the first and second blades, and using the second chain from the third and fourth blades, respectively, and each half of the blade has a semicircular shape in horizontal section at diametrically opposite points which are installed magnets and bearings at the upper end of each front blade pivotally mounted two bearings connected by a horizontal crosspiece, and the lower third bearing, parallel circuits, permanently associated with the racks of blades, stretched first and second cables, freely passed through holes in the first, third and second, and fourth posts, respectively the military, while the Converter is implemented in the form of two identical mechanisms, symmetric with respect to the output shaft fifth gear, each of which contains a closed rectangular loop formed by the first and second circuits.

8. The Converter according to claim 7, characterized in that it further comprises a magnetic coupling, the lower coupling half which is stationary and coaxially connected with the fifth gear and the upper coupling coaxially still installed on the shaft leading bevel gear being in coupling with a driven bevel gear mounted on the shaft multiplier, connected to the generator.

9. The Converter according to claim 8, characterized in that the upper wall of the sealed chamber made of non-ferromagnetic material.



 

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Wind power plant // 2280785

FIELD: wind power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: wind power plant comprises interconnected platforms that cooperate with the central unit and wind wave mounted at the center of the plant. Each platform has the blade composed of two parts. The base section of the blade is provided with the units for changing and locking the angular position of two parts of the blade, which are cooperate with the wind vane.

EFFECT: enhanced power and sensitivity to weak winds and reduced cost.

5 cl, 10 dwg

FIELD: wind power engineering; renewable sources of energy.

SUBSTANCE: according to provided invention energy converter contains reliability coupled platforms installed on round track and engaging with output shaft and wind vane installed in center of converter. Each platform is provided additionally with folding cone, in root part of vertical bushing of which unit is found to change and maintain orientation of cone. Said unit engages with wind vane.

EFFECT: increased power of energy converter and response to weak wind flow, simplified design.

6 cl, 7 dwg

FIELD: wind and hydraulic power engineering; renewable energy sources.

SUBSTANCE: proposed converter contains rotary platforms interconnected by levers. Each platform carries blades (sail) and additionally intercoupled motion converter and unit to change orientation and to fix blade in position installed in center and interacting with all blades and wind vane, rotary platforms are made in form of streamlined sealed chambers of which flat blades are installed and sprockets coupled with blades for free rotation around vertical posts. Sprockets are mechanically coupled with corresponding segment sprocket by chains and cables.

EFFECT: increased power of converter and its sensitivity to weak flows of wind and water.

8 cl, 19 dwg

FIELD: wind-power and hydraulic-power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention can be used for generating wind and hydraulic energy and converting said energy into electric energy. Proposed converter contains intercoupled platforms installed on circular track, each including mechanically coupled car (truck) and blade (sail). Converter contains additionally vertical post and direction indicator (wind vane), and each platform contains additional unit to change orientation and fixing blade in position interacting with blade and direction indicator (wind vane). Converter is furnished additionally with posts with sprockets and two direction indicators (wind vanes). Sprockets are interconnected by chain, and they interact with corresponding cam disks and direction indicators (wind vanes) installed on two relatively opposite platforms. Converter has additionally central sprocket and posts with sprockets installed on each platform, sprockets of all platforms being connected by chain with central sprocket connected stationary with direction indicator (wind vane) or angular position lock.

EFFECT: simplified design of converter, increased power and sensitivity to weak flows of wind and water.

11 cl, 44 dwg

The invention relates to wind energy, namely, devices that convert wind energy into electrical or other forms of energy

Vehicle // 2158683
The invention relates to vehicles

The invention relates to the field of using renewable energy sources, namely wind energy

The invention relates to wind power generators-engines, namely the direct-drive wind turbines with a vertical axis of rotation, designed to generate electricity

FIELD: electricity.

SUBSTANCE: the micro hydro-electric power station is designed for converting energy of flowing medium into electrical energy. The device contains of ground unit, consisting of electricity distributing device, control system and controlled ballast load, a fixed water tank, generator located lower than the level of water in the hermetic tank and connected to the ground unit using water resistant cable. The water turbine with a horizontal axis of rotation, is mounted at the run-out and connected to the shaft of the generator through a gear transmission, in the form a multiplier located in a gondola. A cone is placed on the inlet of the run-out in front of the water turbine. The generator is located in the direction of flow behind the multiplier in the same gondola, which is supplied with a device for pumping water from its bottom part. The cone is made of flat elements; part of which is made in such a way that turning about longitudinal axes is possible. A driving gear is provided for this purpose.

EFFECT: increased operation reliability; power regulation.

6 cl, 1 dwg

FIELD: wind and hydraulic power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to wind and hydraulic motors with vertical shaft of rotation. Proposed vertical shaft turbine has shaft hinge-mounted on post with rigidly and normally attached supports, and blades arranged between supports and installed on axle for turning being limited by two locks. Supports are installed in two directions to form row. Blades are made of closed elastic material tightly enclosing thickened axle to prevent axial displacement and vertical rigid edge spring-loaded relative to axle. Moreover, each blade is provided with stops fixing elastic material relative to thickened axle. Turbine can be furnished with additional rows of supports with blades installed higher and/or lower than first row. Turbine can reliable operate irrespective of velocity and gusts of wind, region and place of mounting, including movable objects, with provision of efficiency 10-16% higher than that of similar constructions.

EFFECT: simple design, effective operation.

3 cl, 2 dwg

Water-power plant // 2309289

FIELD: generation of electric energy by conversion of water flow.

SUBSTANCE: electric energy is generated with the aid of vane-type machine having at least one rotor, rotor-driven generator and float for vane-type machine; vane-type machine is anchored stationary and rotor is oriented in direction of water flow. Vane-type machine is held in suspended state below water surface. Float may be inflated with compressed air and may be filled with water when required. Rotor is mounted on axle oriented in way of water flow. Rotor blades may be turned with the aid of mechanism in direction of water flow or in opposite direction. Rotor axle is just hollow axle forming the float. Vane-type machine is invisible during operation of plant.

EFFECT: simplified construction; reduction of time required for mounting.

22 cl, 11 dwg

FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention is designed for creating stationary and transportable modular hydraulic plants and setting up unit hydraulic power stations. Proposed water-wheel generator has body, shaft with central bevel gear, planet pinion members, each containing blade and shaft with bevel gears on ends, one end of shaft being coupled with central gear. Central bevel gear is rigidly secured on one of ends of central shaft non-rotating around its axis and arranged vertically. Planet pinion members are arranged around central radially and uniformly. Shaft of each planet pinion member with bevel gears on its ends is made single-section, and bevel gear belonging to said shaft and pointed to side of blade of said planet pinion member engages with bevel secured rigidly and coaxially to smaller spur gear of blade reduction gear. Larger spur gear engages with smaller one, and it is secured on axle of blade installed vertically. Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation of brackets mounted by bases on cylindrical housing installed for rotation coaxially relative to central shaft, and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims. Upper rim, being drive wheel, is coupled with energy converters. Central shaft rests by both ends with locking on framework provided with pontoon devices. Invention makes it possible to use river current energy with maximum efficiency at no adverse effect on environment caused by submersion of river flood lands caused by building of dams, energy of ocean currents, energy of tides and ebbs owing to use of blades with two points of support. Versions of design of water-wheel generators are provided in description.

EFFECT: simple design, high adaptability to manufacture and servicing of water-wheel generator.

5 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: turbine is designed to convert energy of water or air streams inflowing from side. Proposed turbine has shaft hinge-mounted in post around which blades are installed for turning in radial directions between supports rigidly and normally connected to shaft. Turning of blades is limited by stops. Blades are made flat, with rounded off long edges, and are arranged around shaft minimum in two directions with spaces between edges. Turning of blades is limited by two stops, and tire in turbine, thus formed, repeats in length of shaft with uniform angular turn. Supports can be made in form of radial cantilevers with aerodynamic profiling of cross section. Stops are made retractable into support body if pressure force of blade exceeds calibrated force of spring holding the stop in working position.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of using energy of fluid medium flow, simplified design.

3 cl, 6 dwg

FIELD: conversion of river stream energy into electric power.

SUBSTANCE: proposed plant has base in the form of catamaran that mounts current generators and their drive, current parameters stabilizing system, turbine capable of running in fully submerged condition, and its hoist. Turbine is made in the form of belt conveyer installed on edge at certain angle to river stream. Blades made of flexible material are secured throughout entire width and length of belt. Each blade is made in the form of bucket capable of folding and resting on belt during transfer from working to idle side of conveyer, and it has pocket on external surface for automatic raising of blade by river stream during transfer from idle to working position. Turbine hoist has rocker arm for turbine suspension hinged on one end to catamaran and on other end, to turbine frame that mounts generator-drive bevel gear so that longitudinal axes of hoist rocker-arm hinges and longitudinal axis of bevel-gear driven pinion are disposed on same line. In addition, hydroelectric power plant is equipped with device enabling variation of turbine angle of installation to water flow.

EFFECT: enhanced power capacity.

1 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: hydraulic power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: proposed hydraulic turbine generators are designed for creating stationary and portable hydraulic plants of modular type. Generators have rotor with central shaft non-rotating around horizontal axis or vertical axis (as version) on which chain drive gears are rigidly fitted, each being coupled through independent chain drive with planet pinion members arranged radially and uniformly around central shaft. Each member has blade reduction gear consisting of gear of chain drive and of large and small cylindrical gears, the latter being coaxial and rigidly coupled with gear of chain drive of blade reduction gear, and large cylindrical gear is rigidly secured on axle of blade installed horizontally for generator (or vertically, as version). Each blade rests by ends of its axle for rotation on brackets secured on hubs by bases. Hubs are installed on both ends of shaft for rotation and tops of brackets at both ends of central shaft are connected by ring rims being drive wheels connected with energy converters by flexible drive.

EFFECT: provision of effective and reliable operation.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: hydraulic engineering.

SUBSTANCE: device is designed for converting kinetic energy of small and medium rivers into elastic energy. Proposed hydraulic unit contains hydraulic turbine installed on frame with bearings on its shaft, generator mechanically coupled with hydraulic turbine, stream shaper and device in form of plates to protect hydraulic unit from floating debris. Hydraulic unit has intermediate vertically and horizontally installed shafts with bearings interconnected by conical gears. Vertical shaft is arranged in well built near bank and communicating with river by channel made under level of maximum possible thickness of ice cover. Part of horizontal shaft connected with hydraulic turbine is arranged in said channel. Upper end of vertical shaft is connected with generator through ground horizontal shaft and step-up reduction unit. Stream shaper is made in form of flaps installed on shaft for turning to direct water stream of river to its central part between which turnable gate is installed for contacting with one of flaps to direct water stream to right-hand or left-hand side of hydraulic turbine.

EFFECT: provision of reliable operation all year round.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-conventional power sources, and it can be used in plants using energy of wind, river, deep sea and other currents. Proposed plant contains one or several vertical shafts and horizontal rods with blades. Said hollow rods are installed on shafts for limited turning relative to their axes. Opposite blades of each rod are rigidly secured on rod square to each other and eccentrically relative to axis of rod. Shafts adjacent in horizontal direction are made for rotation in opposite directions.

EFFECT: provision of simple ecologically safe device operating at any direction of current in liquid and gaseous medium and at medium interface.

3 dwg

The invention relates to hydropower, in particular, to hydroelectric plants, which can be installed in a gravity flow of water at different depths, and to work at any time of the year

FIELD: power engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to non-conventional power sources, and it can be used in plants using energy of wind, river, deep sea and other currents. Proposed plant contains one or several vertical shafts and horizontal rods with blades. Said hollow rods are installed on shafts for limited turning relative to their axes. Opposite blades of each rod are rigidly secured on rod square to each other and eccentrically relative to axis of rod. Shafts adjacent in horizontal direction are made for rotation in opposite directions.

EFFECT: provision of simple ecologically safe device operating at any direction of current in liquid and gaseous medium and at medium interface.

3 dwg

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