Device to exploit wave energy

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: device exploiting the wave energy incorporates a support with openings for water overflowing and a frame furnished with storm pumps, the extreme of which, incorporating discharge valves, communicate via a pipe with a receiver and curvilinear deflector connected to the pumps rods, the deflector being made in the form of a float with its concave surface facing the incoming wave, a balancer arranged opposite to deflector on the frame mounted to rotate about a horizontal axis laying between the balancer and deflector and a working pump fitted on the support with its rod coupled via transfer mechanism with the frame. The support front incorporates a wave killer made in the form of a prism, its apex directed towards the wave, and arranged to vertically move on along the support. The wave killer height makes half the height of the support. The medium storm pump has a branch pipe communicating via the pipe with the receiver and used a the deflector pusher. Storm pumps incorporate openings allowing the piston back free stroke.

EFFECT: simpler design and higher reliability.

1 dwg

 

The invention relates to hydropower and can be used in wave energy installations.

Known wave power plant (see RF patent № 2227844, CL F03 13/18, 2004), containing wholeplant with underwater breakwater, mounted in front of the chute on supports in the form of jacks, with which plate breakwater is able to change the depth of the dive and the working body in the form of three impellers with blades that rise above the gutter.

Also known device for wave energy (see ed. St. USSR № 1373857, CL F03 13/18, 1988 - prototype), including support with Windows for flow of water and to the frame, on which the storm pumps with suction and discharge valves connected to the respective lines, and associated with the piston rods of the pumps curved deflector is made in the form of float facing concave surface towards the wave and having a return spring, counterweight, situated opposite the deflector on a frame mounted to rotate around a horizontal axis located between the counterweight and the deflector, an additional pump on a support rod which is communicated through the gear c frame.

A disadvantage of the known technical solutions is the complexity of the structures and lack of reliability.

Technical is Kim's solution to the problem is to simplify the design and improve reliability.

This object is achieved in that the device for use of wave energy, comprising a support with Windows for flow of water and to the frame, on which the storm pumps, the extreme of which the injection valves are connected through a pipeline with a receiver and associated with the rods concave surface toward the wave, the counterweight is located opposite the deflector on a frame mounted to rotate around a horizontal axis located between the counterweight and the deflector, the operating pump on a support rod which is communicated through the gear frame according to the invention the front part of the support has a damper waves, made in the form of a prism, turned edge towards the wave that is installed with the possibility of vertical movement on the support and having a height equal to half the height of the supports, and the average storm pump has a nozzle, through which the pipeline is connected to the receiver and used as a pusher deflector, when this storm pumps have openings to allow free reverse stroke of the pistons.

The invention is illustrated by the drawing, which shows a General view of the device for wave energy in a perspective view.

The device to use energy waves comprises a support 1 with 2 Windows for flow of water and cramoy 3, fitted storm pumps 4 with holes 5. Extreme storm pumps supplied with discharge and suction valves, connected via the pipeline 6 and receiver 7. The rods 8 storm pump 4 is connected with a curved deflector 9, made in the form of float facing concave surface toward the wave. The counterweight 10 is located opposite the deflector 9 on the frame 3 and is mounted to rotate around a horizontal axis 11 that is located between the counterweight 10 and the deflector 9. Working pump 12 mounted on the support 1, the rod of which is communicated through the gear 13 with the frame 3. The front part of the support 1 has a damper waves 14 made in the form of a prism facing the edge towards the wave that is installed with the possibility of vertical movement along the guide rails 15 on the support 1 and having a height equal to half the height of the supports 1. The wave absorber 14 can be moved in height with a winch (not shown)that is controlled automatically. Average storm pump has no valves, has a branch pipe 16, through which the pipe 6 is connected to the receiver 7, used as a pusher deflector 9.

The device operates as follows.

In the initial position the center of gravity of the frame 3 is displaced relative to the horizontal axis 11 in the direction of the deflector 9 which lies on the water below from the belly, when the elongated rod 8, storm pumps 4. While lifting the damper waves 14 storm wave, falling into the gap between the tabs of the support 1, hits the concave surface of the deflector 9 sets it in motion, moving to the rear of the frame 3. The damper waves 14 is lowered and raised to the degree of force of storm waves. When the movement of the deflector 9, the rod 8 is driven pistons storm pumps 4 and extruded compressed air through the discharge valves on the pipeline 6 is sent to the receiver 7. At the same time holes 5 provide free reverse stroke of the pistons in the storm pumps 4. When the movement of the reflector 9 to the rear side frame 3, its center of gravity moves to the side of the counterweight 10.

The rod average storm pump causes the deflector 9 to its original position due to the pressure of the compressed air generated in the middle of a storm pump. Since the average storm pump through pipe 16 and the pipe 6 is in communication with the receiver 7, the pressure of compressed air in the pump will be the same as the pressure in the receiver 7. When setting the deflector 9 to its original position the center of gravity of the frame 3 is also moved and the front part of the frame is lowered to its original position.

With relatively calm water deflector 9, swaying on the water, results in movement of the frame 3 and start working the pumps 12.

The device to use is isawanya energy waves, including support with Windows for flow of water and to the frame, on which the storm pumps, the extreme of which the injection valves are connected through a pipeline with a receiver and associated with the piston rods of the pumps curved deflector is made in the form of float facing concave surface toward the wave, the counterweight is located opposite the deflector on a frame mounted to rotate around a horizontal axis located between the counterweight and the deflector, the operating pump on a support rod which is communicated through the gear mechanism to the frame, wherein the front portion has a damper waves, made in the form of prisms facing headed towards the wave that is installed with the possibility of vertical movement on the support and having a height equal to half the height of the supports, and the average assault pump has a nozzle, through which the pipeline is connected to the receiver and used as a pusher deflector, when this storm pumps have openings to allow free reverse stroke of the pistons.



 

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