Method of objects decoration with artificial ice forms

FIELD: technological processes.

SUBSTANCE: method of objects decoration with artificial ice forms includes installation of water drains supply and distribution system, creation of ice forms frame, water supply to it at temperature that provide its crystallisation. Pitch between water drains is selected as 3 - 500 mm with diameter of distributing nozzles of 0.3 - 50 mm. Height of nozzles above frame is established as 5 - 500 mm. During formation of extensive ice surfaces incline of water supply and spraying is selected as 0.1 - 2%. Water is preliminarily activated by means of magnetisation, and temperature of water in supply system is stabilised with the help of self-regulatory electric cable. After ice formation remaining water in supply system is removed by system blow down with compressed air.

EFFECT: invention allows to create different ice forms.

2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the technological processes of the formation of ice forms for various purposes and can be used as a promotional ice screens with lights of different colors as the decoration of the spatial structures: bridges, girders, poles, structures type wall, decorative fencing; landscape equipment; devices ice and laser shows, etc. use in the cooler periods of the year when the creation of artificial and natural ice.

Currently known various processes of artificial ice formation in technical and decorative purposes, in particular ice ensembles in the form of copies of palaces, fortresses, entertainment ledoobrazovanie. The most typical ice formations are ice cover in the closed and open water [SU # 1325261, 1986; SU # 1472341, 1988]. Ice forms made this way are of a monolithic layers of ice in the form of hardening of the ice cover.

The shortcomings of such ice coatings are in the uniformity of forms and limited application due to the lack of decorative elements, as well as svitrigailos additions.

The main problem of the formation of thin ice design given shape is the instability conditions of the heat sink during the day, the range izmeneniya-15 degrees, in addition, changes strength and direction of the wind. All this leads to the impossibility of finding some specified mode and have to manage the process, periodically monitoring the status of the optimization parameters.

The closest in technical essence is a method of decorating objects of artificial ice formation in the form of a vertically hanging icy branches simulating ice falls from a variety of icicles and ice membranes between them [RU # 41225, WV 17/00, 2004].

Having a certain advantage over similar products by artificial processes of ice formation, this solution also has some significant drawbacks, which include the concept of aladeniya due to unmanaged down runoff water framework installed on the ground that leads to a significant waste of water and the formation of pools, namerzanie on the lower parts of the structures and the icing of the surrounding soil Foundation - it leads to discomfort for staff and visitors inspecting the created ice forms.

Technical challenge and a positive result of this method is a significant improvement in the decoration of the landscape in the cold season; the versatility of use, ability decoration of various objects stacionarnog and periodic assignments; as an artistic decorative works of applied art, in the form of screens for laser and light show with controlled optical properties.

This method of decorating objects of artificial ice formations is achieved through the formation and installation of water supply system, which is a non-insulated padded outdoor water conveyance hoses and which refrigerators, cooling water supplied to the water distribution system. While the water supply system may consist of several parallel branches, which is necessary for the developed length and the area of the ice formations. Water distribution system equipped with drains, respectively, asked the geometry of the ice where the ice is required to be thicker, there are a number of drains greater than (or greater than their cross-section) and, accordingly, more water consumption. From the distribution system water is supplied to the intermediate base located 5-200 mm below the drains where the water continues to cool, as the distribution system temperature must be guaranteed to be positive, to avoid freezing and crystallization of ice you want guaranteed supercooling of the melt (in this case water).

The intermediate base is a horizontal bar, which drains water from the SOP is l sewage and to which water enters the frame or pre-existing ice formation. In the absence of intermediate fundamentals of ice form is also developing, but its upper limit is unstable, as it can melt flow of relatively warm water temperatures.

The distance between the water distribution system, the intermediate base and frame should not be less than 5 mm, this leads to the freezing of wastewater and may not be very large, as if the wind could carry water past the skeleton. The formation of ice formations is achieved by performing a reinforcing skeleton of flat or spatial form of opaque or translucent soft or rigid elements, feed him water at a temperature that ensures its crystallization in the form of ice forms in different configurations, framing or framed existing architectural forms: bowls fountains, bridges, decorative arches, and decorative mesh fence, in the form of decorative ice screens spatial forms; water served or colorless, or have a certain color of resistant dye (chemically associated with water clusters and not coloring designs and any items), and in different parts and volumes Loubressac design serves water with different color dyes, including luminescense additives, and the light-emitting ale the options selected depending on the given light and color gamut formed by ice formation, its purpose and functions.

Elements of the water distribution system equipped with holes and nozzles having the same or different cross-section as the distance from the nodes of the water in these elements, with slopes in the range of 0.1-2% relative to the horizontal, pressure from 1.0 to 6.0 kgf/cm2and the water flow rate set based operation of all nozzles when the pressure in the downward water flow increases, and when the pressure in the system (pressure controlled by the control and measuring equipment) the temperature of the water gradually increases (within(+2)-(+15)° (C) and melt the ice tube, controlling this process for all nozzles, the spraying and splashing water are hard or soft based holding (together with the elements of the system) generated artificial ice formation.

The position of the nozzle section and the shape of the flowing stream regulate the formation given ice forms. Water before it enters the system pre-activate by magnetised or by degassing, saturation or plasma processing.

Created ice formation is subjected to mechanical treatment (art form) tool, slotted jets of water, blowing streams of warm air air / water and steam jets.

The distance from the ENU of ice carry out the heat, after that make the purge system warm compressed air.

The stabilization of water temperature are using these elongated self-regulating tableelement in the form of electric cables (heat conductor), which is set mainly in the areas of water distribution system with low water velocity (blind ends, meeting places flows in different directions etc). The diameter of the perforations (holes) choose about 0.3-50 mm, hole pitch is calculated from the wetting mesh material and choose it 3-500 mm; the height of the nozzle above the skeleton set 5-500 mm; the temperature of the water environment regulate from +2°C to +15°C, and the temperature of the ice forms support from -2°-5°and below the atmosphere laundering ice forms).

In General, the process of crystallization of ice is controlled so that as the control parameters are used:

- the temperature of the water in the supply system;

- water consumption;

the form factor of the water distribution system (configuration wastewater);

but as optimization parameters are used:

the rate of crystallization of ice (the rate of formation of ice education);

the degree of formation of ice formation (form factor), when reaching tasks in any part of the ice formation, runoff can be disabled is completely or partially;

- excess water, the portion of water that has not crystallized into ice immediately, and glass on the ground, where they froze.

Depending on the specific tasks and the specific conditions selected functionality of the optimization parameters, which are under management. So wastage of water can be useful for larger screens, as it increases their stability after freezing.

Photo 1 and 2 shows examples of implementation of this method.

An example of the method.

Collect flat or shaped spatial structure (or use an existing hitch design) of the modular tubular, perforated for water and formation of ice forms on the net figurenude ice education system. Water is fed into the aerosol and droplet modes to prevent runoff from construction. The ambient temperature shall not be higher than -2°where possible the formation of ice crystals and the formation of ice ensemble. In the evening use of radiation from multicolor moving lights as the light, and the reflected light, as reflected on the attached photos (photo 1 and 2) type of ice forms. The same lights can be used in daylight (overcast weather). On the surface of the ice screens create backside the installed image advertising, entertaining and informative (for tourists), demonstrating the broad possibilities of such artificial ice formation, which can decorate the buildings, masts and other structures. Removing or changing the type of ice is rastafarianism ice and runoff from its drainage. In addition, to increase the strength of the ice forms using the process of magnetic treatment of raw water, which also leads to ordering of crystallization freezing water, as well as to its economy.

Such artificial ice shapes is able to significantly improve the attractiveness of settlements located in areas with a winter periods, allows you to create advertising screens attractive original system, carrying the uniqueness and originality of the reproducible information ice forms the most fantastic designs. This method opens up new opportunities for legkovozvodimih material is ice. Change and changes in ice ensemble is a simple heat in this system, which will lead to the normal melting and runoff of such decorative education, after which the frame structure can be re-used or removed.

A method of decorating objects of artificial ice formations, including the installation of systems for the supply and distribution waste water, the skeleton formation of ice forms, the feed water at a temperature of providing its crystallization, characterized in that the step between water flows choose 3-500 mm when the diameter of the distributing nozzles from 0.3 to 50 mm, the height of the nozzles above the skeleton set 5-500 mm, the formation of extensive ice surface slope of the supply system and water spray choose 0.1 to 2%, while water pre-activate by magnetised, and the temperature of the water in the supply system stabilized with self-regulating cable, after ice formation the rest of the water from the supply system is removed by purging the system with compressed air.



 

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