Method and device of information and communications control of economic heating technologies in poultry farming

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes measurement and value assignment of temperature felt by animals and poultry in zones of local heating, comparison of measured and set values, mode regulation of local heating by result of comparison, measurement of temperature value of air in room and assignment of its standard minimum and maximum values. There is measurement of external air temperature value and of relative humidity of external and internal air in room. Depending on changeable signal of generated temperature value of air in room costs of energy consumption on local and on general heating are calculated and cost of expenses from losses of animal husbandry products. Cost of expenses for forages for a livestock is calculated. Costs of energy consumption on general and local heating are calculated. Signals of natural combustible gas resources and drinking water consumption are measured; set signals are formed about values of specific prices of enterprise on natural combustible gas and drinking water. A temperature mode of general heating of industrial rooms with local heating is corrected. The device contains sensors of felt temperature in a zone of local heating, temperatures of internal air in room, set-point devices for a livestock age, technologically admissible minimum and maximum temperatures of air in room, set value of felt temperature, standard temperature of air, temperature regulators of local and general heating, local heaters and heat exchangers. The device contains temperature sensors of external air, relative humidity of internal and external air, set-point device of interrogation time, signal of generated temperature value of air in room, constants, the first, the second and the third computing blocks, an adder, a control block, a differentiating amplifier. Into the device the fourth computing block united together with the first, the second and the third computing blocks in a block of calculation, set-point devices of specific prices for thermal energy, for electric energy, for enterprise production, for forages, an interface and communication block, a block of the computer hardware and software focused network means, a peripheral block of computer network are entered. Flow sensors of gas and water are in addition entered into the device accordingly, also set-point devices of signals about values of the enterprise specific prices accordingly on natural combustible gas and drinking water, signal formers of conformity to data of local, regional and international Internet info-communication computer networks about specific prices for gas and water, the first and the second comparison schemes, the first and the second multiplication schemes.

EFFECT: minimisation of operational expenses for general and local heating.

2 cl, 2 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of agriculture, technology General heating poultry houses and local heating of agricultural stock and can be used in industrial livestock and poultry.

The known method cheap interrelated General heating of the facility and local heating of farm animals and device for its implementation, designed to automate the process of finding economically the least costly mode total heating required according to the technology of cultivation of local heating of agricultural youngster on the basis of a specified and constant unit prices for thermal and electric energy for the heating of livestock, finished products livestock or poultry enterprise /Patent RF №2229155, G05D 23/19, AK 29/00, F24D 10/00. Method and device economical General heating of the facility and local heating of farm animals / Auvin, Vrgroup // BI 2004, No. 14/.

The disadvantage of this technical solution are additional costs associated with the time delay of entry into the system control technologies of production, the new current information about working in the region hosting selskokhozyajstvenn the company energy prices, on forage and livestock products and poultry meat, edible eggs, etc.

The reason for this is the lack of alignment of the automated containing programmable technical means of automation systems - microcontrollers in industrial premises and microprocessors in a hierarchical tier control technology enterprises with information and communication (ICT) automated computer network systems at local level of the enterprise, with regional industry and in General with the national networks of information, international information network "Internet".

Another disadvantage of this technical solution is the lack of operator intervention in a fully automated system with the computing unit in cases of market crises, often caused by such reasons, which do not belong to the manufacturing sector. The result of fully automatic control will be an actual breach and even disruption technology heating birds and the corresponding excessive loss of production of the enterprise, as well as unproductive waste of energy.

The reason for this is the lack of technical coordination of the automated system job market specific price with the Manager the ski and with the operator's referencing predicted specialists (experts) relatively stable price regime of operation of the equipment, guided by economic criteria.

Another disadvantage of this technical solution is not taking into account the market prices for fuels natural gas, which currently is widely used for General heating poultry houses. Therefore, the known device has limited application in the number of farms using different energy: thermal energy, electricity, gas boiler with hot water heating systems production facilities of the enterprise, as well as gas-fired guns and infrared burned. The reason for this is the lack of technical means of automated job market prices for fuels natural gas during normal operation of the market and the dispatch operator jobs expert-projected gas prices in cases of crises market or in case of breakdowns and failures in computer networks of the enterprise.

The objective of the invention is a continuous real-time minimization of operating costs technology General and local heating, achievement at any point in time economically optimal and rational energy joint General heating of livestock or poultry facilities and local heating of agricultural animals and birds in accordance with the Ryno is tion energy prices, feed for livestock products and poultry, as well as natural fuel gas and drinking water.

As a result of use of the invention is set such value of air temperature in the premises of achieving the least at this point in time - in a market economy, enterprises of the region, the country of his residence, the world production and market similar products - the sum of the energy costs for General and local heating, feed for livestock, loss of productivity of livestock, and natural combustible gas and drinking water.

The above technical result is achieved by a method that includes measuring and setting the value perceived by animals and poultry temperature in zones of local heating, the comparison of measured and specified values, the regulation of local heating on the result of the comparison, the measurement of the temperature of the air in the room and setting its regulatory smallest and largest values, the regulation of General heating mode, measure the outside air temperature, the relative humidity of external air and internal air in the room, the signal formation temperature of the air in the room, periodically changing signal generated values of air temperature in the building of the AI in the range between the smallest and largest preset values of temperature indoors, moreover, depending on the modified signal generated temperature of the air in the room calculate the cost of energy on both the local and General heating and costs from loss of livestock products, in addition calculate the cost of feed for livestock, according to the results of calculations determine the smallest total value of the values of these costs and the corresponding signal generated temperature of the air in the room, compare corresponding to the smallest total value of signal values formulated by the temperature of the air in the room with the measured value of the temperature of the air in the room and on the result of the comparison, adjusting the common mode of heating the facility, receive data local, regional and international Internet ICT computer networks on the share prices of heat and electricity, feed for livestock and livestock products and poultry, ask these specific rates, depending on these specific prices continuously in real time to calculate the cost of energy in General and to the local heating, the cost of consumed feed for livestock and costs from losses of poultry products, and additionally measure the signal is s resources natural combustible gas and drinking water, form specified signals about the values of the specific prices of the enterprise on natural combustible gas and drinking water, form the signals comply with local, regional and international Internet ICT computer networks about these gas prices and on the water, then compare the generated set of signals with corresponding signals generated by the conformity of the corresponding differential signals are multiplied by the signals measured the costs of gas and water, the obtained derivative signals change values corresponding operating costs are adjusting value generated and calculated the total signal operating costs adjusted corresponding to the smallest total value of signal values formulated by the temperature of the air in the room, adjust the temperature overall heat industrial premises with local heating.

The technical result is also achieved by the fact that the device information and communication management efficient heating technologies in livestock and poultry containing the sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating, the temperature of the internal air in the room, referencing-age population, technologically acceptable and lowest at the higher temperature of the air in the room, a given value of the sensed temperature, target temperature, temperature controllers local and General heating, local heaters and radiators, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of the heater connected to the first input of the temperature controller local heating, the output of the temperature sensor of indoor air connected to the first input of the temperature controller General of heating, and the output unit values sensed temperature is connected to the second input of the temperature controller local heating, the output of which is connected to the local heating, the output of the temperature controller General of connected heating coils, where the device contains sensors outdoor air temperature, the relative humidity of indoor and outdoor air unit the time of the survey, the signal generated temperature of the air in the room, constants, first, second and third calculation units, the adder, the control unit, the differential amplifier, the input of which is the second input of the control unit, and the output of the differentiating amplifier connected to the first input of the comparison circuit, the second input of which is common bus, device, and its output through a differentiating circuit, a rectifier and waiting multivibrator connected to the second input of the control key first entry which is the first input of the control unit, and the output of the controlled key through the memory element is connected to the output of the control unit, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of heating is additionally connected to the first input of the second computing unit, the output of the temperature sensor, outdoor air is connected to the first input of the first computing unit, the outputs of the sensors relative humidity of indoor and outdoor air are connected respectively with the second and third inputs of the first computing unit, a fourth input which is connected to the second input of the second computer unit to the first input of the third computing unit, to the first input of the control unit, the output unit signal generated temperature of the air in the room first, the second and third inputs of which are connected respectively to the outputs of the combination of technologically permissible lowest and highest temperatures of the air and the unit time of the survey, the output of which is additionally connected to the fifth input of the first computing unit to the third input of the second computer unit to the second input of the third computing unit, a third input connected to the output of the generator normative air temperature and the sixth input of the first computing unit, the fourth input of the third computing unit is connected with the speed knob to the age of the population and with the inputs of the control devices regulatory air temperature and a given value of the sensed temperature, the outputs of unit constants connected to additional inputs of the first, second and third processing units, the first outputs of which are connected to respective inputs of the adder, the output associated with the second input of the control unit and the second output of the second computing unit is connected to the seventh input of the first computing unit, the output control unit connected with the second input of the temperature controller General heating, while it introduced a fourth computing unit, together with the first, second and third computing blocks in the computing unit, referencing specific prices for thermal energy, electrical energy, for the company's products, feed the connection unit and communications unit computer hardware - and software-oriented networking tools, the peripheral unit to the computer network, and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs of the fourth computing unit connected respectively to the output of the generator signal generated temperature of the air in the room, to the output of the generator normative air temperature, the output of unit time of the survey, to the corresponding output of the generator is constant, the output of the generator unit prices for feed and control inputs knobs specific heat prices on electric is the Nergy, for the company's products, feed connected to respective outputs of the interface block and connection, the inlet of which is connected to the output of computer hardware and software-oriented networking tools, and the entrance of the latter is associated with the subscriber output peripheral unit to the computer network, and the device additionally introduced flow sensors, respectively, gas and water, the combination of signals on the values of the specific price of the company respectively on natural combustible gas and water conditioners signals compliance with local, regional and international Internet ICT computer networks on the relative prices of gas and water, the first and the second differential amplifier, the first and the second of the multiplication circuit, and two corresponding additional output interface block and connection are connected respectively through the first and second shapers signals compliance with local, regional and international Internet ICT computer networks on the relative prices of gas and water to the respective second inputs of the first and second schemas comparison, the first corresponding inputs of which are connected to the respective outputs of the first and second control devices signals about the values of the specific price of the company respectively on natural combustible gas and drinking water, first the e and the second inputs of the first and second circuits multiplication respectively connected to the outputs of the first and second schemas comparison and the first and the second sensor gas flow and water and the outputs of the first and second circuits multiplication connected to additional inputs of the adder.

The essence of the invention is illustrated by example.

Efficiency and resource conservation are extremely energy-consuming currently in the broiler poultry and mutually connected through the value of indoor air temperature tinthat °C, technologies General and local heating can be significantly improved by automating the process of searching for the optimal values of the selected economic criteria. For example, the specific profit Pbeatsauth(return of the new automated system), or the inverse value is the payback period of TOKauth:

where P is the annual profit of the company, RUR/year; t is the market price of goods sold for the year products, RUR/year; annual production costs, RUB/year; K - capital investment in primary production, RUB; ΔP ΔTo increase profit, RUR/year, resulting in additional costs for automation ΔTo RUB, because of the growth of additional products ΔC1, RUR/year, in a properly functioning system of local heating by the high productivity of livestock, due to savings in costs as a result of reasonably reduce costly heat and electric energy in the discussed technologies, and also natural combustible gas and water ΔWith, RUB/year, because inevitably arise when the proposed method of optimization by reducing the regulatory set value tinestimated productivity losses ΔC2, rubles/year.

To optimize the objective function is artificially generated and is equal to tincalculated values of tinCcan also be:

where eabout(tinCand el(tinC), G(tinC) and B(tinC) - the estimated value of thermal energy on the total space heating during the heating period of the year, rubles/year, and electricity local heating of youngsters during the brooder periods at the same time of the year, rubles/year Toto(tinC)+ΔC2(tinC) - the estimated cost of feed and production losses, RUR/year, G(tinC) and B(tinC) - the estimated value of gas and water, RUB/year, in the process of simulation with the imposition of a specialized computer software (2) values of tinCfrom the range of possible technological values of tin.

All not mentioned in (2) the other components of operating expenses for lighting, labor, staff, etc - from tinwhen the local heating depend weakly or not at all depend. Components (2) are calculated using well known and modified dependencies, including specific prices for natural fuel gas, potable water, heat and electric energy in this region of the country, the specific selling price of broiler meat at a particular farm, the parameters of the external climate tnand ϕn- temperature and relative humidity of the outside air, heat-insulating characteristics of the design space for livestock SOgre i, Ro Ogre i, Ginfo- space enclosing structures, their resistance to heat and specific volume of infiltrated through the arches into the room air, the parameters of the internal microclimate top, tinthat ϕNRfeel - Chicks temperature in the heating zones, the temperature and the relative humidity of indoor air, characteristics of equipment for the local heating Ql1(top, tinC), ηlo- static characteristic of a transmission local heater and enter the ratio of its useful effect on the behavior of livestock, which measures the attractiveness of brooder for young animals.

Almost all of these components of operating costs is and save the cost of consumed feed, defined in the analog /RF Patent №2229155, G05D 23/19, AK 29/00, F24D 10/00. Method and device economical General heating of the facility and local heating of farm animals / Auvin, Vrgroup // BI 2004, No. 14/ in the prototype (see: Request FGU FIPS October 12, 2006 division No. 12 on the application number 2005132984/12 (036939)), or can easily be determined for a specific biotechnical system.

The essence of the invention is illustrated by drawings.

Figure 1 illustrates the method.

Figure 2 shows the General diagram of the device according to the method.

Figure 1 shows the components of the estimated technical and economic efficiency of both heating processes. The proposed optimization of the temperature of the background in (2) reduces the energy consumption, the consumption of gas and water in the amount of Δ11(tinthopt), but is associated with loss of production ΔC211(tinthoptand with the use of the brooder with a high ηlo=0,96 (chickens almost not get out of the brooder, and reduce the temperature of the background of the room is actually very little effect on consumption growth and feed it increases the profit on the value of:

ie gives only about 8...10% increase in profitability compared with the optimal control t is like local heating. However, the development and use of promising brooders with ηlo=1,0 (equivalent known in the practice of the poultry vyholazhivaniyu part of the hall with Chicks with plastic wrap and termination General heating the rest of plicatula and is associated with excessive loss of all livestock as a result of loss of process control: chickens rasklepyvajut pavlou bird) increases the estimated additional profit in these conditions, 50...60% compared with the improvement of monitoring and control only local heating.

2 shows the diagram of the device information and communication economically optimum control of heat production facilities and agricultural animals. According to the results of measurements and parameters, climate, space, climate, equipment, livestock, the computing unit 31 generates f2(tinC) in the range tinCfor polling loop TODAautomation system under consideration biotechnical system. The control unit 22 sets on the setpoint input of the regulator General heating 9 corresponding to the minimum production costs, including the costs of gas and water, is formed of the magnitude of the temperature tinCopt.

A device for implementing the method comprises the sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating 1, the temperature of the internal air in the room 2, referencing the age of the flock 3, technologically permissible least 4 and most of 5 temperature of the air in the room, a given value of the sensed temperature 6, normative air temperature 7 temperature controllers 8 local and General 9 heating, local heaters 10 and the coils 11, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of the heater 1 is connected to the first input of the temperature controller local heating 8, the output of the temperature sensor of indoor air 2 is connected to the first input of the temperature controller General heating 9, the unit value of the sensed temperature 6 is connected to the second input of the temperature controller local heating 8, the output of which is connected with the local heaters 10, to the output of the temperature controller General heating 9 is connected to the coils 11, a temperature sensor, outdoor air 12, the relative humidity of the inner 13 and outer 14 air, referencing the time of the survey 15, the signal generated temperature of the air in the room 16, constants, 17, first, second and third calculation units 18, 19 and 20, an adder 21, the control unit 22, the differential amplifier 23, the entrance to which is showing the second input unit control 22, and the output of the differential amplifier 23 is connected to the first input of the comparison circuit 24, the second input of which is common bus, device, and its output through a differentiating circuit 25, the rectifier 26 and waiting multivibrator 27 is connected to the second input of the control key 28, the first input is the first input of the control unit 22, and the output of the controlled key through the memory element 29 is connected to the output control unit 22, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of the heater 1 is additionally connected to the first input of the second computing unit 19, the output of the temperature sensor, outdoor air 12 is connected to the first input of the first computing unit 18, the outputs of the sensors relative humidity of the inner 13 and outer 14 air connected respectively with the second and third inputs of the first computing unit 18, a fourth input which is connected to the second input of the second computing unit 19, to the first input of the third computing unit 20, to the first input control unit 22, output unit signal generated temperature of the air in the space 16, the first, second and third inputs of which are connected respectively to the outputs of the combination of technologically permissible least 4 and most of 5 temperature of the air in the room and the unit time of the survey 15, the output of which more is connected to the positive the fifth input of the first computing unit 18, to the third input of the second computing unit 19, to the second input of the third computing unit 20, a third input connected to the output of the generator normative air temperature 7 and the sixth input of the first computing unit 18, the fourth input of the third computing unit 20 is connected with the output of the generator age of 3 and livestock inputs knobs regulatory air temperature 7 and a given value of the sensed temperature 6, the outputs of the generator constants 17 is connected to additional inputs of the first, second and third processing units 18, 19 and 20, the first outputs of which are connected to respective inputs of the adder 21, the output associated with a second input control unit 22, and the second output of the second computing unit 19 is connected to the seventh input of the first computing unit 18, the output control unit 22 is connected with the second input of the temperature controller General heating of 9, he entered the fourth computing unit 30, together with the first, second and third computing blocks 18, 19 and 20 in the computing unit 31, referencing specific heat prices 32, electrical energy 33, for the company's products 34, feed 35, block pairing and connection 36, computer hardware and software oriented network means 37, a computer network 38, when the eat first, the second, third, fourth and fifth inputs of the fourth computing unit 30 connected respectively to the output of the generator signal generated temperature of the air in the space 16, the output of unit regulatory air temperature 7, the output of unit time of the survey 15, to the corresponding output of the generator constants 17, the output of the generator unit price of feed 35, the control inputs of the referencing-unit prices for thermal energy 32, electrical energy 33, for the company's products 34, feed 35 connected to respective outputs of the interface block and connection 36, the inlet of which is connected to the output unit of the computer hardware and software-oriented network means 37, and the input of the latter is connected with the subscriber output peripheral unit to the computer network 38, and the device further introduced the first and second flow sensors, respectively, gas and water 39 and 40, the first and second combination signals about the values of the specific price of the company respectively on natural combustible gas and drinking water 41 and 42, the first and second shapers signals compliance with local, regional and international Internet ICT computer networks on the relative prices of gas and water 43 and 44, first and second differential amplifier 45 and 46, the first and second of the multiplication circuit 47 and 48, and two sootvetstvuetopredelennyj output interface block and links 36 are connected respectively through the first and second shapers signals compliance with local, regional and international Internet ICT computer networks on the relative prices of gas and water 43 and 44 to the respective second inputs of the first and second schemas comparison 45 and 46, the first corresponding inputs of which are connected to the respective outputs of the first and second control devices signals about the values of the specific price of the company respectively on natural combustible gas and drinking water 41 and 42, first and second inputs of the first and second circuits multiplication 47 and 48 respectively connected to the outputs of the first and second schemas comparison 45 and 46 and the first and second sensor gas flow and water 39 and 40, and outputs the first and second circuits multiplication 47 and 48 are connected to additional inputs of the adder 21.

The device operates as follows.

The first and second flow sensors, respectively, gas and water 39, 40 measure the consumption location (enterprise) of these resources. The first and second combination signals about the values of the specific price of the company respectively on natural combustible gas and drinking water 41 and 42 contain operational dispatch information about the prices of these resources entered by the Manager is an expert on the basis of analysis of previous market conditions. In the first and second shapers signals compliance with local, regional and international Internet ICT computer is hernych networks on the relative prices of gas and water at 43 and 44 provides current market information. The first and the second differential amplifier 45 and 46 of the compared signals match control and network data on market prices and produce resulting in a given time signals of price misalignments. It remains only to obtain the values of change of current over time the costs of production, which is carried out by multiplication of the error signals at the respective measured first and second flow sensors, respectively, gas and water 39 and 40 signals expenditure of resources that perform the first and second of the multiplication circuit 47 and 48. Received at their outputs signals changes in these operational costs in the sum in the adder 21 provides correction of the output signal of the adder 21, which inevitably leads to a corresponding correction of the output signal of the control unit 22 and to the correction operation mode temperature controller General heating 9. In the workplace the other common mode of heating, which is directly associated with the regime of low-cost production of poultry products.

This ensures accurate economic optimization of technological modes because of changing under the influence of the market of one or another hierarchical level economic characteristics of the components of operating costs technologist the economic process in the form of electrical signals recorded in real time through the automated use of electrified computer networks and information and communication capabilities.

The invention is illustrated by drawings.

Figure 1. Components of the current time of the settlement of technical and economic efficiency of the automated Electrotechnology centralized local and General heating poultry houses in the Moscow region at an ambient temperature tn=-30°C; age population TC=21 days; the characterization of thermal performance of the building envelope=1406°C/W; the number of broilers Nbr=20·103Gol.; 1 - regular WORDS, acting according to the norms of technological design (STP); 2 - new WORDS, also supports thermal heating of chickens STP; 3, 4 - new brooders, new WORDS for STP and optimal control soo; indices 1, 11, 111 correspond to the brooders with an efficiency of local heating on the behavior of livestock ηlo=0,57; 0,96; and 1.0. With increasing market prices for gas is economically optimal indoor air temperature in the room housing is automatically reduced to prevent over-expenditure operating costs for gas for General space heating. With increasing market prices for drinking water for poultry should also reduce thermal background in the house to reduce water consumption by livestock and accordingly to prevent over-expenditure operating costs on water resources poultry.

Figure 2. Funk is optional circuit devices: sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating 1, the temperature of the internal air in the room 2, referencing the age of the flock 3, technologically permissible least 4 and most of 5 temperature of the air in the room, a given value of the sensed temperature 6, normative air temperature 7 temperature controllers 8 local and General 9 heating, local heaters 10 and the coils 11, a temperature sensor, outdoor air 12, the relative humidity of the inner 13 and outer 14 air, referencing the time of the survey 15, the signal generated temperature of the air in the room 16, constants, 17, first, second and third calculation units 18...20, the first adder 21; a control unit 22, containing the differential amplifier 23, the comparison circuit 24, a differentiating circuit 25, the rectifier 26, waiting multivibrator 27, managed key 28 and the memory element 29; a fourth computing unit 30, together with the first, second and third computing blocks 18, 19 and 20 in the computing unit 31; referencing specific heat prices 32, electrical energy 33, the company's products 34, the feed mixture (feed) 35; block mates and communication (interface) 36; block computer hardware - and software-oriented networking tools 37; peripheral block computer networks (local, regional, or "Internet") 38; flow sensors, respectively, gas and water 39, 40; Adjuster with whom galow about the values of the specific price of the company respectively on natural combustible gas and drinking water 41, 42; shapers signals compliance with local, regional and international Internet information and communication computer networks on the relative prices of gas and water at 43, 44; first and second differential amplifier 45, 46; first and second of the multiplication circuit 47, 48.

1. How information and communication management efficient heating technology in the poultry industry, including the measurement and task value perceived by animals and poultry temperature in zones of local heating, the comparison of measured and specified values, the regulation of local heating on the result of the comparison, the measurement of the temperature of the air in the room and setting its regulatory smallest and largest values, the regulation of General heating mode, measure the outside air temperature, the relative humidity of external air and internal air in the room, the signal formation temperature of the air in the room, periodically changing signal generated temperature of the air in the range between the lowest and highest specified the temperature of the air in the room, and depending on the modified signal generated temperature of the air in the room calculate the cost of energy on both the local and General ebohr is in and the costs from loss of livestock products, according to the results of calculations determine the smallest total value of the values of these costs and the corresponding signal generated temperature of the air in the room, compare corresponding to the smallest total value of signal values formulated by the temperature of the air in the room with the measured value of the temperature of the air in the room and on the result of the comparison, adjusting the common mode of heating the facility, characterized in that calculates the cost of feed for livestock, receive data local, regional and international Internet ICT computer networks on the share prices of heat and electricity, feed for livestock and livestock products and poultry, ask these specific rates, and depending on these specific prices continuously in real time to calculate the cost of energy in General and to the local heating, the cost of consumed feed for livestock and the costs from the loss of production of livestock and poultry, in addition measure the signals of resource consumption natural gas fuel and drinking water, form a set of signals about the values of the specific prices of the enterprise on natural combustible gas and drinking water, form signals compliance with local, is regionalnych and international online information and communication computer networks about these gas prices and water, then compare the generated set of signals with corresponding signals generated by the conformity of the corresponding differential signals are multiplied by the signals measured the costs of gas and water, the obtained derivative signals change values corresponding operating costs are adjusting value generated and calculated the total signal operating costs adjusted corresponding to the smallest total value of signal values formulated by the temperature of the air in the room, adjust the temperature regime of General heating of industrial premises with local heating.

2. The device information and communication management efficient heating technologies in poultry containing the sensors sense the temperature in the zone of local heating, the temperature of the internal air in the room, referencing-age population, technologically permissible lowest and highest temperature of the air in the room, and the highest temperature of the air in the room and the unit time of the survey, the output of which is additionally connected to the fifth input of the first computing unit to the third input of the second computer unit to the second input of the third computing unit, a third input connected to o the house of referencing normative air temperature and the sixth input of the first computing unit, the fourth input of the third computing unit is connected with the output of the generator to the age of the population and with the inputs of the control devices regulatory air temperature and a given value of the sensed temperature, the outputs of the generator constants connected to additional inputs of the first, second and third processing units, the first outputs of which are connected to respective inputs of the adder, the output associated with the second input of the control unit and the second output of the second computing unit is connected to the seventh input of the first computing unit, the output control unit connected with the second input of the temperature controller General heating, characterized in that the device entered the fourth computing unit, together with the first, the second and third computing blocks in the computing unit, referencing specific prices for thermal energy, electrical energy, for the company's products, feed, interface unit and the communication unit of computer hardware and software-oriented networking tools, the peripheral unit to the computer network, and the first, second, third, fourth and fifth inputs of the fourth computing unit connected respectively to the output of the generator signal generated temperature of the air in the room, to the output of the generator normative temperatures of the air, to the output of unit time of the survey, to the corresponding output of the generator is constant, the output of the generator unit prices for feed and control inputs of the referencing-unit prices for thermal energy, electrical energy, for the company's products, feed connected to respective outputs of the interface block and connection, the inlet of which is connected to the output of computer hardware and software-oriented networking tools, and the entrance of the last given value of the sensed temperature, target temperature, temperature controllers local and General heating, local heaters and radiators, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of the heater connected to the first input of the regulator the temperature of local heating, the output of the temperature sensor of indoor air connected to the first input of the temperature controller General of heating, and the output unit values sensed temperature is connected to the second input of the temperature controller local heating, the output of which is connected to the local heating, the output of the temperature controller General of connected heating coils, where the device contains sensors outdoor air temperature, the relative humidity of indoor and outdoor air unit time of the survey, the signal generated temperature is ozdoba indoors constants of the first, second and third calculation units, the adder, the control unit, the differential amplifier, the input of which is the second input of the control unit, and the output of the differentiating amplifier connected to the first input of the comparison circuit, the second input of which is common bus, device, and its output through a differentiating circuit, a rectifier and waiting multivibrator connected to the second input of the control key, the first input is the first input of the control unit, and the output of the controlled key through the memory element is connected to the output of the control unit, and the output of the sensor sensed temperature in the zone of heating is additionally connected to the first input of the second computing block, the output of the temperature sensor, outdoor air is connected to the first input of the first computing unit, the outputs of the sensors relative humidity of indoor and outdoor air are connected respectively with the second and third inputs of the first computing unit, a fourth input which is connected to the second input of the second computer unit to the first input of the third computing unit, to the first input of the control unit, the output unit signal generated temperature of the air in the room, the first, second and third inputs of which are connected respectively to the outputs of the referencing those who nologies valid smallest associated with the subscriber output peripheral unit to the computer network, the device additionally introduced flow sensors, respectively, gas and water, the combination of signals on the values of the specific price of the company respectively on natural combustible gas and water conditioners signals compliance with local, regional and international Internet ICT computer networks on the relative prices of gas and water, the first and the second differential amplifier, first and second of the multiplication circuit, and two corresponding additional output interface block and connection are connected respectively through the first and second shapers signals compliance with local, regional and international Internet ICT computer networks on the relative prices of gas and water to the respective second inputs of the first and second schemas comparison, the first corresponding inputs of which are connected to the respective outputs of the first and second control devices signals about the values of the specific price of the company respectively on natural combustible gas and drinking water, the first and second inputs of the first and second circuits multiplication respectively connected to the outputs of the first and second schemas comparison and the first and second sensors of the gas and water, and the outputs of the first and second circuits multiplication connected to additional inputs of the adder.



 

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FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes an irradiation of eggs before a laying on incubation by electromagnetic radiation. Incubatory eggs are irradiated within 0.1 to 30 seconds with a dose 50 to 3000 mJ/m by a source of not polarised, not coherent polychromatic radiation within 250-310 nanometres.

EFFECT: increase of poultry young hatchability.

3 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method includes the processing of eggs and chickens by low-intensity electromagnetic radiation. First of all the incubation eggs are exposed to radiation by EMP EHF before putting into the incubator with the power density on the egg's surface of 0.3 mW/cm2 during 3-6 minutes. Then under the same conditions the day-old chickens are exposed to radiation before the first vaccination. Then during the technological growth cycle subsequent periodic radiation exposure of chicken is carried out in the same mode every 6 days but not later than 72 hours before the regular vaccination.

EFFECT: immunity of poultry increases.

2 cl, 3 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: veterinary science, poultry science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with pre-incubation treatment of hen embryos with the light of fluorescent lamp DNESG-500 at wave length of 630-650 nm, average dosage at egg surface being 23.1 erg at exposure of 17 sec, with He-Ne laser LHN-104 at wave length of 632.8 nm, power density of optic flow at egg surface being 50 mW/sq. cm·sec at exposure of 3 sec, with mercury-quartz lamp DRT-400 at wave length of 400/185 nm, average dosage at egg surface being 20 merg/h at exposure of 3 min. Moreover, such treatment should be fulfilled before laying for incubation on the 6th, 12th, 18th d of incubation and in daily chickens 4-fold at 5-min-long interval. Then comes disinfection from all the sides with two bactericidal lamps BUV-15 at wave length of 254/800 nm, nominal power at egg surface being 15 W at exposure per 5 sec and with three bactericidal lamps BUV-30 at wave length of 254/800 nm, nominal power at egg surface being 30 W at exposure of 17 sec. Incubated broiler chickens should be immunized with the vaccine of "Bor-74 BGNKI" strain. The innovation enables to increase specific resistance to Newcastle disease in poultry.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

3 tbl

FIELD: veterinary science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with heating hens' embryos with light of fluorescent lamp DNESG-500, wave length being 630-650 nm, average dosage at eggs surface being 23.1 erg at exposure of 5 min, irradiation with He-Ne laser LHN-104, wave length being 632.8 nm, power density of optic flow at eggs surface being 50 mW/sq. cm, with mercury-quartz lamp DRT-400, wave length being 400/185 nm, average dosage at eggs surface being 20 mErg/h out of "Bor-74 VGNKI" strain. Light treatment of embryos in the same mode and poultry immunization should be combined with eggs disinfection from all sides with two bactericidal lamps BUV-15, wave length being 254/800 nm, nominal power at eggs surface of 15 W and three bactericidal lamps BUV-30, wave length being 254/800 nm, nominal power of 30 W at exposures per 3 min. And poultry light treatment in the same mode should be carried out before incubation on the 6th, 12th, 18th d of embryos development and in incubated day-long chickens. The innovation prolongs survival rate in broilers grown under industrial conditions being unfavorable on Newcastle disease.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

3 tbl

FIELD: poultry science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with pre-incubation treatment of hen embryos with the light of fluorescent lamp DNESG-500 at wave length being about 630-650 nm, at average dosage at egg surface being 23.1 erg in exposure of 5 min, with the light of He-Ne laser LHN-104, at wave length being 632.8 nm, power density at egg surface being 50 mW/sq. cm, with the light of mercury-quartz lamp DRT-400 at wave length being 400/185 nm, average dosage at egg surface being 20 merg/h in exposures of 3 min and due to immunization with vaccine out of "Bor-74 VGNKI" strain. Light treatment of embryos and immunization in broiler chickens should be combined with egg disinfection from all sides with two bactericidal lamps BUV-15 at wave length being 254/800 nm, nominal power at egg surface being 15 W and with three bactericidal lamps BUV-30 at wave length being 254/800 nm, nominal power at egg surface being 30 W in exposures of 3 min. The innovation enables to increase specific resistance to Newcastle disease in poultry.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of prophylaxis.

5 dwg, 2 tbl

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing double processing of eggs; 3-4 hours before incubation, applying 0.005%-aerosol solution of preparation "Rybav" onto egg surfaces by means of sprayer; before hatching, applying 0.25%-solution of said preparation. Prior to applying said preparation, it is dissolved in distilled water at temperature of 8-22 C.

EFFECT: increased hatchability and reduced losses of young chicken.

3 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: agriculture.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing triple treatment of eggs with glycin solution and succinic acid solution; spraying glycin solution and succinic acid solution onto egg shell surface; treating eggs before incubation and on 7th day of incubation with glycin solution; treating eggs on 19th day of incubation with succinic acid solution; using glycin in 0.5-1%-concentration and succinic acid in 0.3-0.5%-concentration; spraying said solutions onto 120-150 eggs during 6-12 hours before incubation at air temperature of 20-22 C within house.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of method owing to stimulating of embryogenesis processes, and increased yield of standard young farm birds.

3 ex

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: method involves treating eggs by providing vacuum sucking of preliminarily heated eggs in incubator at temperature of 37.6 C during 5-6 hours; providing aerosol treatment of incubation eggs with degassed water in disinfection chamber at temperature of 18-22 C with dose of 1.5-2 ml/m3, followed by exposing within cloud during at least 30 min.

EFFECT: increased capacity of egg hatching, reduced withdrawal of young animals, increased content of lysozyn and bacterial activity in chicken blood whey.

2 tbl, 2 ex

FIELD: pre-incubation treatment of meat-type chicken eggs.

SUBSTANCE: method involves treating eggs with biologically active compositions, with organosilicon substances such as cresacin and meval being used as biologically active compositions. Said compositions are applied in the form of mixture of their solutions onto eggshell 6-12 hours before incubation.

EFFECT: increased chicken yield and intensified growth of chickens.

3 tbl, 3 ex

FIELD: poultry science.

SUBSTANCE: the present innovation deals with preincubation treatment of eggs with the light of He-Ne laser LHN-104, wave length being 632.8 nm, power density being 50 mW/sq. cm.sec, in exposure of 3 min. Additionally, eggs before laying for incubation of germs on the 6th, 12th, 18th d and hatched 1-d-aged chicks should be heated with the light of fluorescent lamp DNESH-500 at wave length of 630-650 nm, simultaneously it is necessary to disinfect from all sides of three bactericidal lamps BUV-30 at wave length of 254/440 nm, at nominal power of 30 W, then one should successively affect with radiation of He-Ne laser LHN-104, mercury-quartz lamp DRT-400 and two bactericidal lamps BUV-15 in exposures per 3 min. The innovation helps to increase poultry resistance to pullorosis.

EFFECT: higher efficiency.

2 tbl

FIELD: poultry science.

SUBSTANCE: one should irradiate eggs before incubation with the light of He-Ne laser LHN-104, wave length being 632.8 nm, power density at eggs surface being 50 mW/sq.cm/sec, with red light of fluorescent lamp DNESG-500, wave length being 630-650 nm, power at eggs surface being 23.1 erg and with ultraviolet from DRT-400 lamp at wave length being 185-400 nm, average dosage at eggs surface being 20 merg in 3-min-long exposures.

EFFECT: higher resistance to pullorosis in poultry.

4 dwg, 4 tbl

FIELD: poultry science.

SUBSTANCE: incubation eggs should be once treated with ultraviolet lamp for 20 sec or ozonized, then sprayed with 0.01-0.3%-succinic acid solution at 1.2-1.5 ml/120-150 eggs to increased the brood in chickens, decrease lethality and increase body weight in chickens.

EFFECT: higher efficiency of stimulation.

6 ex, 6 tbl

FIELD: poultry industry.

SUBSTANCE: claimed method includes treatment of incubating egg shell with mitomin in concentration of 0.3-0.5 % and in amount of 2.2-2.5 ml/120-150 eggs.

EFFECT: increased egg hatching, decreased mortality; daily chickens with improved biochemical blood characteristics.

5 ex, 5 tbl

FIELD: poultry farming.

SUBSTANCE: method involves withdrawing material from multiplicity of live eggs; analyzing withdrawn material for identifying of eggs having predetermined characteristic; treating in proper manner.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by providing the possibility of analyzing withdrawn material and performing proper treatment.

58 cl, 54 dwg

FIELD: poultry farming.

SUBSTANCE: incubation eggs are treated with aqueous solution of edible salt, with sea salt being additionally introduced, said components being used in the following ratio, g/l: NaCl 2.5-3.5; sea salt 0.3-0.5. Method involves preparing aqueous solution of edible salt by double distillation of sodium chloride solution and adding sea salt during repeated distillation procedure; treating incubation eggs by aerosol applying process, with following exposing for 30-60 min.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in treatment of eggs.

3 cl, 1 tbl, 1 ex

Laser beams scanner // 2265997

FIELD: optics.

SUBSTANCE: scanner has mirrors. Ten mirrors are mounted onto truncated cone of scanner at different angles to light source for scanning laser beams at direction of lightening chamber and for increase in exposure of processing.

EFFECT: reduced electric energy consumption.

1 dwg

FIELD: radiation technology.

SUBSTANCE: unit has gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500, helium-neon laser ЛГН-104, ultraviolet lamp ДРТ-400, germicidal lamps БУВ-15. Germicidal lamps БУВ-30 are placed in cassette of optical filter of gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500 and under transporting mechanism for irradiation of total surfaces of incubation eggs to improve germicidal effect.

EFFECT: improved quality of disinfection; improved farming-biological efficiency.

3 dwg

FIELD: optics; laser engineering.

SUBSTANCE: assembly has gas-discharge lamp ДНЕСГ-500, helium-neon laser ЛГН-104, mercury-quartz lamp ДРТ-400 and germicidal lamps БУВ-15 as well as cassettes of optical filters of lamps ДНЕСГ--500, ДРТ-400, БУВ-15. There are also three germicidal lamps БУВ-30 disposed at angle of 120° to incubation eggs and IR laser "Uzor" of cassette of optical filter of lamp БУВ-30. Cassettes of optical filters of lamps ДНЕСГ-500, БУВ-30, ДРТ-400, БУВ-15 are decompressed at the direction of radiant chamber for complex influence onto incubation eggs with laser beams, ozone and ionized air and for disinfecting eggs at all the sides.

EFFECT: reduced energy consumption; improved productivity; higher vital capacity.

5 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: installation has gas discharge lamp, mercury-quartz lamp, germicidal lamps, and helium-neon laser. Installation is furnished with infrared laser for deep heating of incubation eggs by way of multiple-mode pulsed laser radiation of proximate infrared spectral region.

EFFECT: increased vitality and productivity of birds.

2 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: irradiation apparatus has start regulating device with contact mains wires, gas discharge lamp chuck, and reflector attachment device. Apparatus is further equipped with two photo-resistors connected to inductance coil and located on reflector internal surface. Inductance coil with winding and core is positioned centrally on casing. Isolating insert is located between casing and core. Receptacle surface of photo-resistors is turned to internal surface of reflector and is made in the form of wavy strip extending through the entire length of reflector at its both sides, symmetrically to edge of emitter. Casing is connected to attachment device through vibration isolators.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in protecting of lightening equipment from settling of dust thereon and reduced consumption of power.

2 dwg

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