Collimator simulator of visual environment

FIELD: physics.

SUBSTANCE: invention concerns working-capacity control devices for aviation sighting and monitoring video systems, as well as for flight personnel training. The said device consists of collimator tube, bracket with prism, and light filter fixed at the exit face of collimator tube. Collimator tube includes cylindrical case with an objective lens at its exit end, and a running head attached by a slide to the entrance end face of cylindrical case with two horizontal guide rails. Ring seat of the running head has a grade rod inside, with illumination lamp in front of the rod. L-type bracket with a linear actuator is fixed at the outer side of running head. Grade rod consists of two clamping glasses and a removable slide, and is moving against the optic axis of the collimator tube.

EFFECT: higher reliability of working-capacity control of aviation sighting system video monitoring and application of working-capacity control as flight personnel training equipment.

4 dwg

 

The invention relates to optical systems, namely, collimators, and can be used to monitor the health of the television tracking aircraft sighting systems and as a simulator for flight crews.

A known system for monitoring the health of a television tracking aircraft sighting systems, consisting of on-Board recorder and ground control device in the form of set-top boxes [1].

A disadvantage of the known system is the lack of quantitative estimates of parameters television tracking aircraft sighting system, due to the fact that it is designed to capture video when attacking ground targets and therefore does not provide a health check on TV witness sighting system when performing all types of ground training. In addition, it cannot be used as a simulator for training of flight personnel.

Closest to the invention is a collimator containing a collimator tube, consisting of a cylindrical body at the inlet end of which is in the annular slot is the world and the illuminator lamp for illumination, the output end is the lens and on the end of the fixed bracket with a prism and optical filter [2]. The collimator is designed to con the control of the health television tracking aircraft sighting system [3].

The disadvantage of this collimator is low reliability performance monitoring television tracking aircraft sighting system, due to the presence of immobile worlds with the image of the target circular, thus does not provide any validation television tracking aircraft sighting system for targets with different configuration (e.g. runways, bridges, a column of tanks, various buildings, etc).

In addition, the collimator does not allow you to use it as a simulator for training of practical skills of combat use television tracking aircraft sighting system crew members.

An object of the invention is to increase the reliability of monitoring the health of the television tracking aircraft sighting system and ensuring the use of the collimator as a simulator.

The technical result of the invention is achieved in that the collimator in the simulator visual environment containing a collimator tube, comprising a cylindrical body, in the input end of which is located illuminator with lamp, illumination and peace in the annular socket at the inlet end is the lens and the end face of the output end of the fixed bracket with a prism and filter, unlike the prototype of the world and the illuminator with lamp illumination is asesiny in mobile head, fixed by means of the slide on the edge of the inlet end of a cylindrical body having two reciprocal horizontally spaced guides on the outer part of the cutting head is fixed an l-shaped bracket mounted on the linear movement mechanism connected to one end of the screw, the other end of which is fixed on the outer surface of the input end of the cylindrical body, while the world is moveable relative to the optical axis of the collimator tube and consists of two clamping slides and removable slide, fixed in a holder with a leash, placed in the annular slot on the body of the mobile head, under leash made the neckline, around which is secured a circular limb movements worlds.

New salient features of the claimed invention, the following elements of the device and their location:

1. The world housed in a mobile head with the possibility of lateral movement.

2. The world is moveable relative to the optical axis of the collimator tube and consists of two clamping of glass, between which is placed a removable slide is fixed in a holder with a leash. The slide depicts the real ground targets.

These signs correspond to the inventive step of an invention, as in the known technical solutions are not found.

the label of all essential features and new connections in the device can improve the accuracy of monitoring the health of the television tracking aircraft sighting system through the use of mobile worlds interchangeable slide showing a typical ground targets, and to ensure the use of the collimator as a simulator pilot for testing process aiming at the real ground targets at different angles of approach to the target and flying along a curved path.

1 shows a General view of the collimator of the simulator, figure 2 is the same, the section in the plane A-A; figure 3 is a section in the plane B-B; figure 4, a removable slide.

Collimator simulator visual environment contains collimator tube 1 and the bracket 2 prism 3 and the filter 4, is fixed to the output end of the collimator tube 1. Collimator tube 1 consists of a cylindrical body 5, on the output end of which is mounted the lens 6, and the movable head 7 fixed with the help of the carrier 8 on the end face of the input end of the cylindrical body 5 having two horizontally spaced guides 9. In the annular slot 10 of the movable head 7 is placed in the world 11 to which is fixed the illuminator 12 with lamp illumination 15. On the outer part of the cutting head 7 is fixed an l-shaped bracket 14 which is set by the mechanism 16 linear movement with the frame 18 with a halo 17 linear movement connected with one end of the screw 19, the other end of which is fixed on the outer surface of the input end tsilindricheskoj the housing 5. World 11 is moveable relative to the optical axis of the collimator 20 of the tube 1 and consists of two clamping slides 28 and removable slide 21, secured in the holder with the lead 23. In the case of the movable head 7 under the lead 23 is made cutout 24, about which there is fixed halo 17 circular movements worlds 11. To simulate changes in flight altitude is used Varifocal lens 22, which is composed of a linear mechanism changes the focal length 25 which by means of the worm gear 26 moves the lens Varifocal lens.

The carrier 8 mounted on the end of the cutting head 7 and the guides 9 on the input end of the cylindrical body 5 and the movable connection is made to dovetail".

Removable slides 21 are images of various types of real ground targets.

World 11 is able to move relative to the optical axis 20 of the collimator tube 1 together with the movable head 7 in the horizontal plane, perpendicular to this optical axis.

Collimator simulator visual environment works as follows.

As the test equipment.

To verify the functionality of the television tracking aircraft sighting system selects one of the removable slide 21 and is fixed in the world 11 (between prigin the mi glass 28), which is installed in the annular slot 10. The carrier 8 is wound in the guides 9. The movable head 7 wrapped around the end of the screw 19, thus is the combination of the optical axis worlds 11 with the optical axis of the collimator tube 1. Collimator simulator its output end is fixed in front of the entrance window of the television tracking aircraft sighting system. Included television tracking aircraft sighting system and included collimator simulator, thus the lamp 15 of the illumination. Image replacement slide 21 is displayed on the screen of the visual display device. By turning the knob 27 and the movable head 7 is moved in the horizontal plane. This is determined by the efficiency of the hold circuit television tracking aircraft sighting system in this plane. Turning leash 23 world 11 with respect to the optical axis of the collimator tube 1 and soaking it for 30 seconds, the control circuit deduction television tracking aircraft sighting system. This should not be of failure capture the selected standard ground targets. By turning the knob 26 changes the focal length of the Varifocal lens that mimics the change in altitude during the approach to the target. Replacement slides as described above is checked rabotosposobnom the television industry tracking aircraft sighting system when aiming on various types of ground targets and the absence of a breakdown of the seizure followed a typical ground targets.

Collimator simulator can be used as test equipment to verify the functionality of the television tracking aircraft sighting system located both on the stand and on aircraft (LA) when carrying out various types of ground preparations.

For selected removable slide.

Consider funkcionirovanie modernized collimator as test equipment (poster kit S-P5) and the simulator (on an aircraft).

The carrier 8 is wound in the guides 9. The movable head 7 wrapped around the end of the screw 18, thereby is the combination of the optical axis worlds 11 with the optical axis of the collimator tube 1. Collimator simulator its output end is fixed in front of the entrance window of the television tracking aircraft sighting system (TCAPS). The lamp 13 of the illumination. Image replacement slide 21 is displayed on the screen of the visual display device. By turning the knob 16 and the movable head 7 is moved in the horizontal plane, simulating the change in the distance to a target. The rotation of the lead 23 worlds 11 around the optical axis of the collimator tube 1 carries out the change in the value of the angle of approach LA when aiming on various types of ground targets.

For selected one of the interchangeable with Idov 21 and is fixed in the world 11 (between the clamping slides 28), which is installed in the annular slot 10.

The use of the inventive collimator simulator can improve the accuracy of monitoring the health of the television tracking aircraft sighting system and to ensure its use as a simulator.

Sources of information

1. Complex S. The technical installation manual. ALREADY 1.374.008. Re.

2. VCR Saturn B". The technical installation manual E re.

3. Product S-P1. The technical installation manual. ALREADY 2.135.016 re. (prototype).

Collimator simulator visual environment containing a collimator tube, consisting of a cylindrical body at the inlet end of which is located illuminator with lamp, illumination and peace in the annular slot, the output end is the lens and the end face of the output end of the fixed bracket with a prism and a color filter, characterized in that world and illuminator with lamp illumination in the annular socket is placed in the mobile head is fixed with the help of the slide on the edge of the inlet end of a cylindrical body having two reciprocal horizontally spaced guides on the outer part of the cutting head is fixed an l-shaped bracket mounted on the linear motion mechanism connected with one end of the screw, the second con is C which is fixed on the outer surface of the input end of the cylindrical body, when this world is moveable relative to the optical axis of the collimator tube and consists of two clamping slides and removable slide, fixed in a holder with a leash, placed in the annular slot on the housing, a movable head under leash made the neckline, around which is secured a circular limb movements worlds.



 

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