Collimator simulator of visual environment
SUBSTANCE: invention concerns working-capacity control devices for aviation sighting and monitoring video systems, as well as for flight personnel training. The said device consists of collimator tube, bracket with prism, and light filter fixed at the exit face of collimator tube. Collimator tube includes cylindrical case with an objective lens at its exit end, and a running head attached by a slide to the entrance end face of cylindrical case with two horizontal guide rails. Ring seat of the running head has a grade rod inside, with illumination lamp in front of the rod. L-type bracket with a linear actuator is fixed at the outer side of running head. Grade rod consists of two clamping glasses and a removable slide, and is moving against the optic axis of the collimator tube.
EFFECT: higher reliability of working-capacity control of aviation sighting system video monitoring and application of working-capacity control as flight personnel training equipment.
The invention relates to optical systems, namely, collimators, and can be used to monitor the health of the television tracking aircraft sighting systems and as a simulator for flight crews.
A known system for monitoring the health of a television tracking aircraft sighting systems, consisting of on-Board recorder and ground control device in the form of set-top boxes .
A disadvantage of the known system is the lack of quantitative estimates of parameters television tracking aircraft sighting system, due to the fact that it is designed to capture video when attacking ground targets and therefore does not provide a health check on TV witness sighting system when performing all types of ground training. In addition, it cannot be used as a simulator for training of flight personnel.
Closest to the invention is a collimator containing a collimator tube, consisting of a cylindrical body at the inlet end of which is in the annular slot is the world and the illuminator lamp for illumination, the output end is the lens and on the end of the fixed bracket with a prism and optical filter . The collimator is designed to con the control of the health television tracking aircraft sighting system .
The disadvantage of this collimator is low reliability performance monitoring television tracking aircraft sighting system, due to the presence of immobile worlds with the image of the target circular, thus does not provide any validation television tracking aircraft sighting system for targets with different configuration (e.g. runways, bridges, a column of tanks, various buildings, etc).
In addition, the collimator does not allow you to use it as a simulator for training of practical skills of combat use television tracking aircraft sighting system crew members.
An object of the invention is to increase the reliability of monitoring the health of the television tracking aircraft sighting system and ensuring the use of the collimator as a simulator.
The technical result of the invention is achieved in that the collimator in the simulator visual environment containing a collimator tube, comprising a cylindrical body, in the input end of which is located illuminator with lamp, illumination and peace in the annular socket at the inlet end is the lens and the end face of the output end of the fixed bracket with a prism and filter, unlike the prototype of the world and the illuminator with lamp illumination is asesiny in mobile head, fixed by means of the slide on the edge of the inlet end of a cylindrical body having two reciprocal horizontally spaced guides on the outer part of the cutting head is fixed an l-shaped bracket mounted on the linear movement mechanism connected to one end of the screw, the other end of which is fixed on the outer surface of the input end of the cylindrical body, while the world is moveable relative to the optical axis of the collimator tube and consists of two clamping slides and removable slide, fixed in a holder with a leash, placed in the annular slot on the body of the mobile head, under leash made the neckline, around which is secured a circular limb movements worlds.
New salient features of the claimed invention, the following elements of the device and their location:
1. The world housed in a mobile head with the possibility of lateral movement.
2. The world is moveable relative to the optical axis of the collimator tube and consists of two clamping of glass, between which is placed a removable slide is fixed in a holder with a leash. The slide depicts the real ground targets.
These signs correspond to the inventive step of an invention, as in the known technical solutions are not found.
the label of all essential features and new connections in the device can improve the accuracy of monitoring the health of the television tracking aircraft sighting system through the use of mobile worlds interchangeable slide showing a typical ground targets, and to ensure the use of the collimator as a simulator pilot for testing process aiming at the real ground targets at different angles of approach to the target and flying along a curved path.
1 shows a General view of the collimator of the simulator, figure 2 is the same, the section in the plane A-A; figure 3 is a section in the plane B-B; figure 4, a removable slide.
Collimator simulator visual environment contains collimator tube 1 and the bracket 2 prism 3 and the filter 4, is fixed to the output end of the collimator tube 1. Collimator tube 1 consists of a cylindrical body 5, on the output end of which is mounted the lens 6, and the movable head 7 fixed with the help of the carrier 8 on the end face of the input end of the cylindrical body 5 having two horizontally spaced guides 9. In the annular slot 10 of the movable head 7 is placed in the world 11 to which is fixed the illuminator 12 with lamp illumination 15. On the outer part of the cutting head 7 is fixed an l-shaped bracket 14 which is set by the mechanism 16 linear movement with the frame 18 with a halo 17 linear movement connected with one end of the screw 19, the other end of which is fixed on the outer surface of the input end tsilindricheskoj the housing 5. World 11 is moveable relative to the optical axis of the collimator 20 of the tube 1 and consists of two clamping slides 28 and removable slide 21, secured in the holder with the lead 23. In the case of the movable head 7 under the lead 23 is made cutout 24, about which there is fixed halo 17 circular movements worlds 11. To simulate changes in flight altitude is used Varifocal lens 22, which is composed of a linear mechanism changes the focal length 25 which by means of the worm gear 26 moves the lens Varifocal lens.
The carrier 8 mounted on the end of the cutting head 7 and the guides 9 on the input end of the cylindrical body 5 and the movable connection is made to dovetail".
Removable slides 21 are images of various types of real ground targets.
World 11 is able to move relative to the optical axis 20 of the collimator tube 1 together with the movable head 7 in the horizontal plane, perpendicular to this optical axis.
Collimator simulator visual environment works as follows.
As the test equipment.
To verify the functionality of the television tracking aircraft sighting system selects one of the removable slide 21 and is fixed in the world 11 (between prigin the mi glass 28), which is installed in the annular slot 10. The carrier 8 is wound in the guides 9. The movable head 7 wrapped around the end of the screw 19, thus is the combination of the optical axis worlds 11 with the optical axis of the collimator tube 1. Collimator simulator its output end is fixed in front of the entrance window of the television tracking aircraft sighting system. Included television tracking aircraft sighting system and included collimator simulator, thus the lamp 15 of the illumination. Image replacement slide 21 is displayed on the screen of the visual display device. By turning the knob 27 and the movable head 7 is moved in the horizontal plane. This is determined by the efficiency of the hold circuit television tracking aircraft sighting system in this plane. Turning leash 23 world 11 with respect to the optical axis of the collimator tube 1 and soaking it for 30 seconds, the control circuit deduction television tracking aircraft sighting system. This should not be of failure capture the selected standard ground targets. By turning the knob 26 changes the focal length of the Varifocal lens that mimics the change in altitude during the approach to the target. Replacement slides as described above is checked rabotosposobnom the television industry tracking aircraft sighting system when aiming on various types of ground targets and the absence of a breakdown of the seizure followed a typical ground targets.
Collimator simulator can be used as test equipment to verify the functionality of the television tracking aircraft sighting system located both on the stand and on aircraft (LA) when carrying out various types of ground preparations.
For selected removable slide.
Consider funkcionirovanie modernized collimator as test equipment (poster kit S-P5) and the simulator (on an aircraft).
The carrier 8 is wound in the guides 9. The movable head 7 wrapped around the end of the screw 18, thereby is the combination of the optical axis worlds 11 with the optical axis of the collimator tube 1. Collimator simulator its output end is fixed in front of the entrance window of the television tracking aircraft sighting system (TCAPS). The lamp 13 of the illumination. Image replacement slide 21 is displayed on the screen of the visual display device. By turning the knob 16 and the movable head 7 is moved in the horizontal plane, simulating the change in the distance to a target. The rotation of the lead 23 worlds 11 around the optical axis of the collimator tube 1 carries out the change in the value of the angle of approach LA when aiming on various types of ground targets.
For selected one of the interchangeable with Idov 21 and is fixed in the world 11 (between the clamping slides 28), which is installed in the annular slot 10.
The use of the inventive collimator simulator can improve the accuracy of monitoring the health of the television tracking aircraft sighting system and to ensure its use as a simulator.
Sources of information
1. Complex S. The technical installation manual. ALREADY 1.374.008. Re.
2. VCR Saturn B". The technical installation manual E re.
3. Product S-P1. The technical installation manual. ALREADY 2.135.016 re. (prototype).
Collimator simulator visual environment containing a collimator tube, consisting of a cylindrical body at the inlet end of which is located illuminator with lamp, illumination and peace in the annular slot, the output end is the lens and the end face of the output end of the fixed bracket with a prism and a color filter, characterized in that world and illuminator with lamp illumination in the annular socket is placed in the mobile head is fixed with the help of the slide on the edge of the inlet end of a cylindrical body having two reciprocal horizontally spaced guides on the outer part of the cutting head is fixed an l-shaped bracket mounted on the linear motion mechanism connected with one end of the screw, the second con is C which is fixed on the outer surface of the input end of the cylindrical body, when this world is moveable relative to the optical axis of the collimator tube and consists of two clamping slides and removable slide, fixed in a holder with a leash, placed in the annular slot on the housing, a movable head under leash made the neckline, around which is secured a circular limb movements worlds.
FIELD: aircraft trainers; training aircraft pilots under varying flight conditions.
SUBSTANCE: proposed complex trainer has set of onboard aircraft equipment connected with simulating unit of onboard equipment systems by two-way coupling, aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit and data base unit including data exchange units whose inputs are respectively separate inputs of data pack router, K system representation units, K units showing representation of objects, dispatcher of trainer missions whose separate inputs are connected with trainer configurator and trainer mission protective unit. Second input-output of onboard equipment simulating unit, inputs-output aircraft motion dynamics simulating unit, instructor's unit, data base unit, K units for submitting representation , K units showing representation of objects and third input-output of trainer mission dispatcher are connected with separate inputs-outputs of data pack router.
EFFECT: extended functional capabilities of trainer; enhanced stability of trainer missions to failure.
10 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: measuring engineering.
SUBSTANCE: method comprises manufacturing articles from various parts of the blanc, measuring their temperature elongation with the use of the interferometric dilatometer, and determining characteristics of irregularity of temperature coefficient of linear expansion. The characteristics of irregularity are determined by comparing the results of measurements for individual objects. The bottom reflecting member of the interferometer is made of the blank to be studied so that it has bearing face, reflecting surface, and height less than that of the blank. The bottom reflecting member and blank bear on the single plane by their bearing faces.
EFFECT: enhanced accuracy.
3 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: measuring devices.
SUBSTANCE: photoelectric autocollimator can be used for measuring value and direction of angular movement of object. Photoelectric autocollimator has radiation source optically connected with mask, light splitter, objective, scanner provided with control voltage source, mark and photoreceiver. It also has registration unit, unit for measuring direction of angular movement of object, first and second units for indication of angular movement of object.
EFFECT: widened functional abilities.
SUBSTANCE: IR collimator set has objective, removable test object disposed in focal plane of objective and provided with actuating member, control unit which has output connected with actuating member of background radiator, temperature processor which has output connected with input of control unit, unit for measuring temperature of test object which has output connected with first input of temperature processor, device for measuring temperature difference between background radiator and test object, which has output connected with second input of temperature processor. Environment temperature measuring unit is introduced into device additionally, which unit has output connected to third input of temperature processor. Temperature processor controls value of power voltage of background radiator's actuating member by means of control unit in such a manner than factual value of temperature difference between background radiator and test object coincide with current resulting required value, defined depending on required level of contrast radiation, current temperature of test object and current value of environment temperature to give precision which provides sustain of required level of contrast radiation with admissible error.
EFFECT: improved precision of sustain of contrast radiation level.
FIELD: electro-optical instrument engineering.
SUBSTANCE: two-channel electro-optical autocollimator is described having radiation source in near IR spectrum range. Autocollimator has two channels. Main channel has objective, beam-splitting prism and illuminator. Optical axis of illuminator is disposed along beam path, which beam is reflected from hypotenuse face of beam-splitting prism. Illuminator has the following parts disposed in series: beam-splitting prism of autocollimation mark, condenser and light source. Additional channel is disposed in parallel to axis of illuminator from main channel but on the other side of beam-splitting prism. Additional channel has additional objective disposed in series with flat mirror. Second illuminator is introduced into additional channel. Second illuminator is disposed at side of illuminator from main channel in relation to beam-splitting prism. Axis of additional channel is shifted in relation to axis of main channel. Both illuminators are optically conjugated with same hypotenuse face of prism. There is photo-receiving linear array in focal plane of objective of main channel. Light-absorbing plates are mounted onto beam-splitting prism. Additional prism is mounted onto opposite face of beam-splitting prism in site of crossing with same axis. Additional prism changes direction of axis of additional channel.
EFFECT: widened functional abilities; reduced sizes.
FIELD: optics, possible use for controlling parameters of thermo-vision devices.
SUBSTANCE: infrared collimator contains objective, test chart, positioned in focal plane in front of background emitter, environment temperature sensor, corrector, meant for changing, in accordance to change of temperature of environment, of voltage at input of device for maintaining difference of temperature between background emitter and environment, input of which is connected to output of corrector, and output - to heater of background emitter. Introduced additionally is transformer, containing serially connected generator of stabilized voltage, first and second resistance elements, while first output of second resistance element is connected to second output of first resistance element, acts as first input of transformer and is connected to first output of environment temperature sensor, second output of second resistance element being the second input of transformer and being connected to second output of environment temperature sensor, and also second generator of stabilized voltage, output of which is connected to first input of differential amplifier, second input of which is connected to first input of transformer, while output of differential amplifier is an output of transformer and is connected to input of corrector, and environment temperature sensor has exponential dependence of resistance on temperature.
EFFECT: increased precision of control over parameters of thermo-vision devices due to increased precision of support of contrast radiation level.
FIELD: optical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: collimating optical system has objective disposed in series along beam path, which objectives are mounted in opposition to semiconductor lasers, and first group of prisms. Ribs of refracting two-faced angles of lasers are oriented in parallel to planes of semiconductor junctions. First positive component is mounted one after another along beam path behind group of prisms. Second group of prisms is disposed close to back focal plane of first positive component. The group of prisms separates input light beam along line being perpendicular to planes of semiconductor junction to two bundles. Polarization prism is disposed on the way of mentioned light beams to bring them into coincidence to one common light beam. Second positive component of the system has front focal plane brought into coincidence with back focal plane of first positive component.
EFFECT: increased brightness of output bundle of beams.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: optical systems.
SUBSTANCE: IR collimator complex has objective, removable test object disposed at focal plane of objective, background radiator disposed behind removable test object and provided with actuating tool, control unit which has output connected with actuating unit of background radiator, temperature processor which has output connected with input of control unit, test object temperature meter which has output connected with first input of temperature processor, device for measuring temperature difference between background radiator and test object which device has output connected with second input of temperature processor.
EFFECT: improved precision of sustaining contrast radiation level; widened operational capabilities.
5 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: means for fire training, in particular, fire trainers.
SUBSTANCE: the weapon with a trigger mechanism is a combat arm, the trainer is provided with sound columns, and the weapon-with two microswitches, the first of which is rigidly fastened an its handle under the trigger, and the other-on the handle under the hammer for closing the electric circuit at a hammer cocking. Both microswitches are connected in series and connected to the computer input. The device for display of the results and the sound columns are connected to the computer output. The video camera is fastened under the barrel by means of a bracket. The target field is installed at a distance preset at conducting of real fire. The targets are made of paper and the trainer is additionally provided with a vice for fastening the weapon in the condition of adjustment fire.
EFFECT: reduced time for preparation to studies and training to target firing.
SUBSTANCE: the rocket is installed on a test rig, the countdown graph is started, the power of the control signal is changed in proportion with the distance of the rocket to the target, and the external actions on the rocket in a real flight are simulated. The operation of the rocket control system and the parameters of the external actions are monitored, the serviceability of the system is determined according to the response of the rocket control system to the checked external actions. The microrange includes a test route, rocket and a test rig for development of the rocket. A guidance instrument is installed on the test route, a device for varying the control signal power in proportion with the distance to the rocket is installed between the guidance instrument and the rocket, and the rocket is positioned on the rig simulating the external actions on the rocket. The device for varying the control signal power is made in the form of optical filters of various penetrability or reflecting surfaces of various curvature that are installed on the shaft of the rotation drive. The rig has a device for installation of the rocket, base and a system for measurements and recording of the rocket parameters. The device for installation of the rocket is made in the form of a gas turbine, whose rotor is fastened on the rocket, and the stator is coupled to the base through a hinge providing for turning of the rotor in the horizontal plane, and an additional rotation assembly installed at a distance from the turbine. The fixed yoke of the additional rotation assembly is coupled through a hinge to the rod of a pendulum, whose axle is installed on the vertical guide of the base. The system for measurement and recording in addition has transducers of rocket attitude, spinning and rocket bank position electrically coupled to the recording system.
EFFECT: provided test rig development of laser beam-controlled rockets in the conditions simulating the real flight, the material for the analysis and repeated use being preserved.
6 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: rocketry; a test site used for complex seminatural modeling analysis of operation of the air and space objects.
SUBSTANCE: the invention is pertaining to the field of rocketry and may be used at a complex seminatural model-based analysis of the air and space objects operation. The substance of the invention consists that the test site contains a guidance head, a dynamic stand of modeling of the a guidance head angular motion and the target radio-simulator, which is supplied with two platforms located on both sides of a semi-sphere with a mirror symmetry in respect to each other and pressed by the magnetic force to each other. The platforms are capable to move on the semi-sphere in any direction. The trajectory of the platforms motion is determined by a control unit of seminatural model-based analysis of operation of the guidance head. On the platform located on the inner side of the semi-sphere there is an emitter of a signal, which is emitting a signal directed to the side of the guidance head. So it imitates relocation of the target. The guidance head receives the emitted signal and using the dynamic stand of modeling of the guidance head angular motion conduct tracking of relocation of the emitter, which then is analyzed. Realization of the invention allows to decrease the labor input, materials consumption at manufacture of the test site, and also to simplify its operation.
EFFECT: the invention allows to decrease the labor input, materials consumption at manufacture of the test site, and also to simplify its operation.
1 dwg, 2 ex
FIELD: training of layers, simulation of target selection at various remoteness from the layer in different conditions of illuminance on the background of the terrain.
SUBSTANCE: the trainer is made in the form of a small-sized simulator of a sight-laying instrument with a body, cover and two sight channels. Each channel has an ocular, block of lenses, mirror located in the body. A beam splitter in the form of a block of prisms, lens in a cell and a tube, in which a block of objective lenses collective lens with a reticule, objective lens are located and fastened, are located and fastened inside the instrument body on a common rack. The splitter and the tube make up the sight axis of the instrument beam. The lens in the cell with the reflected sight beam from the splitter make up a reference sight axis in parallel with the instrument sight axis. The optic axis passes through the sight axis and the reference sight axis. The rack is fastened to the body bottom and the cover.
EFFECT: enhanced skill of operation of the layer with a simultaneous control of data and target in the real conditions of terrain illuminance, as well as simplified construction of the trainer.
FIELD: means for training of fire from the small arms.
SUBSTANCE: sighting at the target of the trainee under the supervision of the trainer is accomplished with the aid of a training device. Used as a target is the eye of the trainer or trainer, which are located relative to each other at a distance of 40 to 60 cm and in the process of training switch the roles.
EFFECT: simplified and accelerated mastering of the elements of firing procedure.