Method of floor covering manufacture

FIELD: construction.

SUBSTANCE: said utility invention relates to floor coverings and may be used by individuals or in industry for floor covering in residential flats and industrial premises. The floor covering manufacture method involves operations of the application of PVC coatings using the air cushion for the preservation of the printed layer(s), levelling of the web edges, creation of stock of the floor covering rolled in the process of its coating, tensioning, drying, and cooling; along with a number of auxiliary operations related to the collection of excessive covering mass. The invention ensures cost effectiveness of the process, consisting in the selection of the most optimal operations of manufacture and inspection of the web proper, in the process of application of the coatings and the ultraviolet lacquer, the process of web tension synchronisation in various periods of its processing, the operations of linoleum web cooling, and other operations related to careful treatment of the covering, for example, during web rotation using the air cushion.

EFFECT: increased cost effectiveness of floor covering manufacture process.

1 ex

 

The invention relates to floor coverings and can be used individually or industrial use for flooring in residential homes and industrial areas.

Known similar DE 3233448, from 15.03.1984 year, MCI D06N 1/00 - [1].

The disadvantages of the known method of manufacturing a floor covering [1] should be attributed to the low information content of the process.

The objective of the new method of applying a floor covering is to increase technological capabilities in the manufacture of floor coverings.

This object is achieved in that a method of manufacturing a floor covering, comprising unwinding underlay in the form of needle-punched fabric or fiberglass adjustable overlap of the edges of the preceding and subsequent rolls, their connection by bonding with heat treatment or by stitching threads using two-loop unwinding compensator to generate a stock underlay, providing continuity in the implementation of these stages, after which underlay with speed 1-22 m/min under a tension on the first surface device primer for uniform coating of polyvinylchloride paste directly on the subbase or pumping drum, providing an exception trough underlay coated with paste, losing tech is honor in passing under an infrared emitter, gelation of the surface layer of the underlay on the surface termogenerating drum at 145-150°C, cooling to 25°With underlay, drawing on this front surface of the underlying cause of the facial layer of PVC paste on the second alluvial device with repetition of the above operations and drawing on this front surface of the underlay picture print with the appropriate color ink thickness of 0.1-0.5 μm by using 3-6 printing rolls, drying air in the chamber at 80-120°With, even a two-fold application of a transparent layer of polyvinyl chloride flakes on the front surface of the underlay with a subsequent heat treatment, the formation of the planned figure and cooling, applying a layer of PVC on the back surface of the underlay, mechanical embossing and printing the back side of the underlay with drying at 100-190°S, drawing on the front surface of the lacquer UV protection, drying, cooling, and packaging in rolls.

Description of the method.

A method of manufacturing a floor covering consisting of process operations training cloth and applying to a coating, characterized in that:

- the map is made in the form of a glass fiber or needle punched cloth;

before unwinding roll underlay combine edges preceding and subsequent rolls;

- are gluing pritor the new zones paintings of glass fiber or needle punched cloth adhesive tape, heat treatment and curing Petrovich zones preceding and subsequent rolls of thread and with the necessary tension between technological machines sent in two loop unwinding compensator, where they form the stock of the underlying cause, it requires gluing and stitching;

- the map center axis of motion at feed rate 1-22 m/min;

in two of the drying device, the underlying cause dry and with the necessary tension serves it on the first surface device primer, referred to as the doctor's Desk;

- polyvinyl chloride paste through a vibrating screen served in the receiving tank and pastorscott;

- PVC paste is applied onto the underlying cause superficial shaft taking into account the gap between the metal shaft or directly on the subbase layer PVC paste on the underlying cause regulate the cleaning device and the speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft, alluvial shaft or subbase paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and depending on the underlying cause or superficial shaft when using a tilt angle of a doctor blade of a knife support the treatment of the underlying cause, and adapt this mode of viscosity and fluidity PVC paste;

- collect flowing paste PVC, eliminate runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of PVC pastes, contaminated waste production;

- do not allow sagging of p is Donova, in the event of process interruptions provide the directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff PATA PVC lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft, feed underlay, coated with a paste PVC primer;

under an infrared emitter, slow down the process of fluidity PVC paste on the underlying cause, ensuring the appropriate degree of drying 1-8 rows of emitters, in the process of filing an underlying cause the position of the heat flux emitters change;

the underlying cause of the facial surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at the temperature of the contact zone from 144-151°providing the maximum possible uniform impregnation underlay PVC paste thickness and width of the layer, the gelation of the paste PVC deprive yield due to the removal from it of excess plasticizer, give the pasta PVC adequate strength and elasticity;

- polished to a mirror finish surface smooth drum adjacent side of the underlay and the receiving roller pulled her with termogenerating drum, summing the underlying cause to contact the pair of cooling rolls up to 25°With, the adhered paste PVC in the process of thermogalvanic remove the knife blade;

oil thermostat automatically change the fact the temperature value termogenerating drum, automatic cooling water cooling subbase;

- tensioning device serves the underlying cause on the second surface device for applying the paste PVC on the front side, the underlying cause is served on alluvial shaft, forming a gap with the printing device, where the paste PVC from factorisatio metered and serves on the underlying cause, the amount of applied paste PVC regulate the cleaning device with the specified angle of the wiper blade and the selected speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft taking into account the gap between the edge of the doctor blade of the knife and the contact surface alluvial shaft;

- superficial shaft and the subbase layer of paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and dosed, the angle of the working surface of the doctor knife ensure impregnation of the underlying cause, eliminate runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of paste PVC-contaminated waste, do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff PATA PVC lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft;

- submission of an underlying cause, coated with a paste PVC top layer, under an infrared emitter, slow down the process of fluidity PVC paste on the underlying cause, ensuring the appropriate degree of drying 1-8 rows of emitters, in% the SSE supply underlay the position of the heat flux emitters change;

the underlying cause of the facial surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at the temperature of the contact zone from 144-151°C;

- provide the most uniform impregnation underlay PVC paste thickness and width of the layer;

the gelation of the paste PVC deprive yield due to the removal from it of excess plasticizer, give the pasta PVC adequate strength and elasticity;

- polished to a mirror finish surface smooth drum adjacent side of the underlay and the receiving roller pulled her with termogenerating drum, summing the underlying cause to contact the four cooling cooling rolls up to 25°C;

- adhering paste PVC in the process of thermogalvanic removed with a knife blade, chilled subbase fed through the tension device and the device turn underlay 180°, face down, splashing the front surface of the air through the perforated surface of the shaft forms an air cushion between the surface of the shaft and supplied by the underlying cause, facilitating the process coup;

- subbase again passes the center to align with the axis of movement of its filing, in which a pair of pulling rolls served in the Department of printing to be applied on the front side p of the printed pattern;

- map at the entrance to the Department of printing is in the process of regulating the tension of the master shaft, the desired print pattern on the PVC surface of the front side of the underlay;

- printed rolls, with a number from 3 to 6, put the prints of the drawings the thickness of 0.5 μm all rubber printing rollers of a given design;

- drive to regulate the movement of printing rollers, provide a clear overlay pattern on the front side of the underlay, the coincidence in the process of putting images - rapport control marks located on both edges of the ends of the printing roller, to assess the accuracy of the figure across the entire width and length of the underlying cause, printing machine provided with a drive of the printing roller, doctor blade, a pump for feeding the paint bath for printing inks, clamping rubber shafts, shaft load, drying chamber and the cooling shaft, rubber shaft;

the underlying cause face press to print the shaft during its rotation, the shaft load provide a uniform pressing of the rubber shaft across the width of the underlying cause, not Pets beating even without shells, scratches and warping of the printed surface of the shaft, pumping stations in the tub creates a constant circulation of paint to prevent delamination, excessive paint from the surface of the print roller removes the I horizontally placed doctor blade, which is due to the reciprocating movements of the edges of the blades creates conditions of high durability and maintain the quality of the working area of the blades;

- after receiving a combined figure on the obverse of the underlying cause of the latter is fed into the drying chamber, where the process of drying by warm air, which for the intermediate drying is heated in an oil heat exchanger branch dermologica and is served by the fan through the system damper when the temperature in the drying chamber 80 to 120°C;

- subbase around the refrigeration shaft and goes to the next printing machine, printing machine connect to the mechanical drives and transmissions movements innings, allowing you to adjust the print position of the shafts relative to each other to correct shifts of rapport labels and allows you to work machines in different modes of motion innings;

- subbase with permanently applied pattern passes a pair of pulling rolls, a device for controlling tension underlay passes the dividing wall and enters the turning device, where the underlying cause is faceup;

- the map oriented in the direction of feed movement along the Central axis, adjust its tension and served in two drying device, where the underlying cause prosus who live and with the necessary tension serves it on alluvial third device, PVC paste through a vibrating screen served in the receiving tank and pastorscott;

- PVC paste is applied onto the underlying cause superficial shaft taking into account the gap between the metal shaft or directly on the subbase layer PVC paste on the underlying cause regulate the cleaning device and the speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft;

- superficial shaft or subbase paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and depending on the underlying cause or superficial shaft when using a tilt angle of a doctor blade of a knife support the treatment of the underlying cause, and adapt this mode of viscosity and fluidity PVC paste;

- collect flowing paste PVC, eliminate runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of PVC pastes, contaminated waste, do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff PATA PVC lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft;

- submission of an underlying cause, coated with a paste PVC, under an infrared emitter, slow down the process of fluidity PVC paste on the underlying cause, ensuring the appropriate degree of drying 1-8 rows of emitters, in the process of filing an underlying cause the position of the heat flux emitters change;

the underlying cause of the facial surface of the press contact clicks synonym shaft on a hot-oil the surface of thermobaby for gelation at the temperature of the contact zone from 144-151° With, providing the best possible uniform impregnation underlay PVC paste thickness and width of the layer, the gelation of the paste PVC deprive yield due to the removal from it of excess plasticizer, give the pasta PVC adequate strength and elasticity, polished to a mirror finish surface smooth drum adjacent side of the underlay and the receiving roller pulled her with termogenerating drum, summing the underlying cause to contact the four cooling cooling rolls up to 25°C;

- adhering paste PVC in the process of thermogalvanic remove the knife blade, the underlying cause with the applied paste PVC transparent layer serves face down, at a temperature of 145-150°With the hot oil surface thermobaby for the gelatin, proglasovala the underlying cause, through feed roll, retard with thermobaby and direct cooling of the underlying cause of up to 25°C;

the underlying cause is served on the device for applying PVC flakes on the face of the underlay using 1-2 devices, cereal PVC is applied on the front side of the underlay from the bunker install the distribution needle shaft or shaft spiked feed from 20 to 300 g/m2, cleaning device remove the excess flakes PVC, which, falling on the surface of the underlying cause, are bonded to the transparent pass the e PVC, forming a volumetric image, spilled cereal PVC recycle, then re-use, the underlying cause with the applied paste PVC and PVC flakes on the front surface serves on the heated hot oil until 145-150°With the surface of thermobaby, proglasovala the underlying cause is pulled from thermobaby removable roller, the adhered paste PVC clean off Stripping knife, subbase interacts with tension transducer that provides tension control underlay between thermobarrier and node smoothing, subbase held heating device for infrared radiation, where the heating of the front surface comprised of heating elements, infrared sensor and a transducer mounted on the outlet of the installation of infrared heating, the intensity of which regulate the quantity of the included lamps, the intensity of incandescent lamps and changing the luminous flux of the moving front side of the underlying cause, which is served in the node smoothing, where holding down the rubber shaft and the shaft is smooth, with surface polished to a mirror finish, across the width of the underlay with the proper pressure required for pressing flakes PVC transparent layer of paste PVC, leveling and smoothing the front side surface of the underlay, pull the shaft smooth and measure the tension is between node smoothing and cooling to 25° C;

the underlying cause is served rollers due to the contact interaction with her;

- the drawing of the second transparent layer on the underlying cause is performed in two drying device, where the underlying cause dry and with the necessary tension serves it on fourth alluvial device primer, called the doctor table, PVC paste through a vibrating screen served in the receiving tank and pastorscott;

- PVC paste is applied onto the underlying cause superficial shaft taking into account the gap between the metal shaft or directly on the subbase layer PVC paste on the underlying cause regulate the cleaning device and the speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft, alluvial shaft or subbase paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and depending on the underlying cause or superficial shaft, using the angles of the doctor knife;

- support the treatment of the underlying cause, and adapt this mode of viscosity and fluidity PVC paste, collect flowing paste PVC, eliminate runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of PVC pastes, contaminated waste, do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff of paste PVC on the lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft;

- submission podobno is s, with the applied paste PVC, under an infrared emitter, slow down the process of fluidity PVC paste on the underlying cause, ensuring the appropriate degree of drying 1-8 rows of emitters, in the process of filing an underlying cause the position of the heat flux emitters change, the underlying cause of the facial surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at the temperature of the contact zone from 144-151°providing the maximum possible uniform impregnation underlay PVC paste thickness and width of the layer, the gelation of the paste PVC deprive yield due to the removal from it of excess plasticizer;

- give the pasta PVC adequate strength and elasticity, polished to a mirror finish surface smooth drum adjacent side of the underlay and the receiving roller pulled her with termogenerating drum, summing the underlying cause to contact the pair of cooling rolls up to 25°With, the adhered paste PVC in the process of thermogalvanic remove blade knife, cold canvas turned facedown, oil thermostat automatically change the temperature termogenerating drum, use the automatic cooling water, which cooled the underlying cause;

in two of the drying device, the underlying cause dry and with the necessary tension serves its fifth alluvial device primer, called the doctor table, PVC paste through a vibrating screen served in the receiving tank and pastorscott, PVC paste is applied onto the underlying cause superficial shaft taking into account the gap between the metal shaft or directly on the subbase layer PVC paste on the underlying cause regulate the cleaning device and the speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft, with alluvial shaft or subbase paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and depending on the underlying cause or superficial shaft, using the angles of the doctor knife support impregnation of the underlying cause, and adapt this mode of viscosity and fluidity PVC paste, collect flowing paste PVC, eliminate runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of PVC pastes, contaminated waste, do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff of paste PVC on the lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft, paste PVC back layer through the vibrating screen by means of a pneumatic pump enters Kubel on the fifth alluvial device and dosed via pastorscott on the moving map;

- map with a deposited paste PVC goes for the gelatin in the heat chamber, where the temperature of gelation for the top and bottom of podosenov what is the interval from 165 to 200° Oil thermostat automatically change the temperature termogenerating drum;

from smoke houses subbase is supplied to the cooling unit, consisting of eight cooling rolls at intervals of a water management underlay 25 and 14°With, on the subbase put compact PVC layer on the back surface of the device containing alluvial shaft supporting Board, and a cleaning device, in two of the drying device, the underlying cause dry and with the necessary tension serves its sixth alluvial device compact layer of PVC, polyvinyl chloride paste through a vibrating screen served in the receiving tank and pastorscott;

- PVC paste is applied onto the underlying cause superficial shaft taking into account the gap between the metal shaft or directly on the subbase layer PVC paste on the underlying cause regulate the cleaning device and the speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft, alluvial shaft or subbase paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and depending on the underlying cause or superficial shaft when using a tilt angle of a doctor blade of a knife support the treatment of the underlying cause, and adapt this mode of viscosity and fluidity PVC paste;

- collect flowing paste PVC, eliminate runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of PVC pastes, contaminated waste is, do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff PATA PVC lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft, feed underlay, coated with a paste PVC compact layer;

under an infrared emitter slow down the process of fluidity PVC paste on the underlying cause, provide an adequate degree of drying 1-8 rows of emitters, in the process of filing an underlying cause the position of the heat flux emitters change, the underlying cause of the back surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at the temperature of the contact zone from 144-151°providing the maximum possible uniform impregnation underlay compact PVC paste layer thickness and width of the layer, the gelation of the paste PVC deprive yield due to the removal from it of excess plasticizer, give the pasta PVC adequate strength and elasticity;

- polished to a mirror finish surface smooth drum adjacent side of the underlay and the receiving roller pulled her with termogenerating drum, summing the underlying cause to contact the pair of cooling rolls up to 25°With, the adhered paste PVC in the process of thermogalvanic removed with a knife blade, oil termor what gulation automatically change the temperature of the fourth termogenerating drum, use automatic cooling water, through which a cool subbase;

- tensioning device serves the underlying cause on the mechanical embossing faceup, mechanical embossing on the front surface of the underlay perform node stamping, containing an infrared field, tinily shaft, rubber and cooling the shaft, and subbase passes infrared field in which warming reaches minimum 140°With, the underlying cause face pressed against timelinea shaft, pressure by mechanical embossing choose and adjust manually by using hydraulic pressure valve, when the temperature of the rubber shaft 14 to 17°on tinyline Vale relief figure, which reaches a height of 1-3 μm, tinyline shaft has a dual cooling jacket temperature 14-17 and 20-25°With; an underlying cause with tinylogo shaft removed on the cooling shaft, embossed underlying cause is served on two shafts with tension transducer and the cooling unit when there are four cooling rolls to a temperature of 20-25°C;

the underlying cause is served on the device for regulating the tension and seal the back side, which caused nine printing machines print paint picture engraved on the print shaft on the PVC surface of the underlay with a height profile picture Ott the immediate vicinity of 0.5 μm, the integrity of the figure is perceived only after the underlying cause of all printing rollers of a given design at the proper tension underlay before and after passing places bitmap printing;

the map is centered to align with the axis of movement of its filing, in which a pair of pulling rolls served in the Department of printing to be applied on the back side of the printed figure on the PVC surface of the back side of the underlay, printing rollers, with a number from 3 to 6, put the prints of the drawings the thickness of 0.5 μm all rubber printing rollers of a given design;

- drive to regulate the movement of the printing roller, a clear overlay pattern on the rear side of the underlay, the coincidence in the process of putting images of check marks located on both edges of the ends of the printing roller, to assess the accuracy of the figure across the entire width and length of the underlying cause;

- printing machine provided with a drive of the printing roller, doctor blade, a pump for feeding the paint bath for printing inks, clamping rubber shafts, shaft load, drying chamber and the cooling shaft, the rubber shaft of the subbase face press to print the shaft during its rotation, the shaft load provide a uniform pressing of the rubber shaft across the width of the underlying cause, not Pets beating ditch the Oh without shells, scratches and warping of the printed surface of the shaft, pumping stations in the tub creates a constant circulation of paint to prevent delamination, excessive paint from the surface of the print roller is removed horizontally placed doctor blade, which is due to the reciprocating movements of the edges of the blades creates conditions of high durability and maintain the quality of the working area of the blades;

- printing machines connect to the mechanical drives and transmissions movements innings, allowing you to adjust the print position of the shafts relative to each other to correct shifts of rapport and allows you to work machines in different modes of motion of the innings, after receiving a combined figure on the obverse of the underlying cause of the latter is fed into the drying chamber, where the process is carried out by drying with warm air, which for the intermediate drying is heated in an oil heat exchanger branch dermologica and is served by the fan through the system damper when the temperature in the drying chamber from 100 to 190°C;

the underlying cause is directed through the shaft with tension transducer, where it hugs the by-pass shaft and is supplied to the installation of varnish ultraviolet (UV) protection from front side, the rubber shaft of the subbase face pressed to the rubber shaft, the cat is the second cause of varnish with UV protection dosed thickness, and from which the master shaft, rotating in a bath of lacquer, receives a metered layer of varnish with UV protection, alluvial station creates a constant circulation volume varnish required for a workflow map printed on it with a varnish with UV protection comes in for pre-drying varnish layer in the drying chamber with temperature drying 80-100°With, then served in the ultraviolet drying chamber with a maximum radiated power for fixing the nail in the three-dimensional space;

after drying subbase with lacquer UV protection is supplied to the cooling unit through a series of bypass rollers and the tensioning of the underlying cause as finished products, which ensure the continuity of the process in a small compensator;

- the map center and serves on the device for trimming, which is stacked and implement in the manufacturing process, carry out the winding of the coils in the expansion joint where the floor goes in the technology Department, which is determined by its appearance, the finished rolls of flooring is Packed and labelled.

An example of performing the method of manufacturing a floor covering consists of: 1.1-1.4. unwinding of the underlying cause; 2.1-2.9. applying primer PVC layer; 3.1-3.8. the application of facial PVC layer; 4.1-4.7. printing; 5.1-5.8. application transparentes the PVC layer; 6.1-6.2. application of PVC flakes (chips); 7.1-7.7. the drawing of the second transparent PVC layer; 8.1-8.8. drawing back a PVC layer; 9.1-9.3. mechanical embossing; 10.1-10.5 printing the back side; 11.1-11.2. spray with UV protection; 12. winding flooring, and more fully described in the above mentioned positions:

1.1. the underlying cause is made in the form of a glass fiber or needle punched cloth;

1.2. before unwinding roll underlay combine edges preceding and subsequent rolls;

1.3. carry out the gluing Petrovich zones paintings of glass fiber or needle punched cloth adhesive tape, heat treatment and curing Petrovich zones preceding and subsequent rolls of thread and with the necessary tension between technological machines sent in two loop unwinding compensator, where they form the stock of the underlying cause, it requires gluing and stitching;

1.4. the subbase center axis of motion at feed rate 1-22 m/min;

2.1. in two of the drying device, the underlying cause dry and with the necessary tension serves it on the first surface device primer, referred to as the doctor's Desk;

2.2. PVC paste through a vibrating screen served in the receiving tank and pastorscott;

2.3. PVC paste is applied onto the underlying cause superficial shaft taking into account the gap between the metal shaft is m or directly on the underlying cause, the PVC layer of the paste on the underlying cause regulate the cleaning device and the speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft, alluvial shaft or subbase paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and depending on the underlying cause or superficial shaft when using a tilt angle of a doctor blade of a knife support the treatment of the underlying cause, and adapt this mode of viscosity and fluidity PVC paste;

2.4. collect flowing paste PVC, eliminate runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of PVC pastes, contaminated waste production;

2.5. do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff PATA PVC lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft, feed underlay, coated with a paste PVC primer;

2.6. under an infrared emitter slow down the process of fluidity PVC paste on the underlying cause, ensuring the appropriate degree of drying 1-8 rows of emitters, in the process of filing an underlying cause the position of the heat flux emitters change;

2.7. the underlying cause of the facial surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at the temperature of the contact zone from 144-151°providing the maximum possible uniform propylketone PVC paste thickness and width of the layer, the gelation of the paste PVC deprive yield due to the removal from it of excess plasticizer, give the pasta PVC adequate strength and elasticity;

2.8. polished to a mirror finish surface smooth drum adjacent side of the underlay and the receiving roller pulled her with termogenerating drum, summing the underlying cause to contact the pair of cooling rolls up to 25°With, the adhered paste PVC in the process of thermogalvanic remove the knife blade;

2.9. oil thermostat automatically change the temperature termogenerating drum, automatic cooling water cool subbase;

3.1. the tensioning device serves the underlying cause on the second surface device for applying the paste PVC on the front side, the underlying cause is served on alluvial shaft, forming a gap with the printing device, where the paste PVC from factorisatio metered and serves on the underlying cause, the amount of applied paste PVC regulate the cleaning device with the specified angle of the wiper blade and the selected speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft taking into account the gap between the edge of the doctor blade of the knife and the contact surface alluvial shaft;

3.2. alluvial shaft and the subbase layer of paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and dosed, the angle of the working surface of the doctor knife ensure impregnation of podosenov is, eliminate the runoff of paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of paste PVC-contaminated waste, do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff PATA PVC lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft;

3.3. submission of an underlying cause, coated with a paste PVC top layer, under an infrared emitter, slow down the process of fluidity PVC paste on the underlying cause, ensuring the appropriate degree of drying 1-8 rows of emitters, in the process of filing an underlying cause the position of the heat flux emitters change;

3.4. the underlying cause of the facial surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at the temperature of the contact zone from 144-151°C;

3.5. provide the most uniform impregnation underlay PVC paste thickness and width of the layer;

3.6. the gelation of the paste PVC deprive yield due to the removal from it of excess plasticizer, give the pasta PVC adequate strength and elasticity;

3.7. polished to a mirror finish surface smooth drum adjacent side of the underlay and the receiving roller pulled her with termogenerating drum, summing the underlying cause ContactName the four cooling cooling rolls up to 25° C;

3.8. the adhered paste PVC in the process of thermogalvanic removed with a knife blade, chilled subbase fed through the tension device and the device turn underlay 180°, face down, splashing the front surface of the air through the perforated surface of the shaft forms an air cushion between the surface of the shaft and supplied by the underlying cause, facilitating the process coup;

4.1. subbase again passes the center to align with the axis of movement of its filing, in which a pair of pulling rolls the underlying cause is served in the Department of printing to be applied on the front side of the printed pattern;

4.2. map at the entrance to the Department of printing is in the process of regulating the tension of the master shaft, the desired print pattern on the PVC surface of the front side of the underlay;

4.3. printed shafts, with a number from 3 to 6, put the prints of the drawings the thickness of 0.5 μm all rubber printing rollers of a given design;

4.4. drive regulate the movement of printing rollers, provide a clear overlay pattern on the front side of the underlay, the coincidence in the process of putting images - rapport control marks located on both edges of the ends of the printing roller, to assess the accuracy of the figure across the entire width and length of the underlying cause, printing machine provided with a drive gear, pechat the m shaft, doctor blade, a pump for feeding the paint bath for printing inks, clamping rubber shafts, shaft load, drying chamber and the cooling shaft, rubber shaft;

4.5. the underlying cause face press to print the shaft during its rotation, the shaft load provide a uniform pressing of the rubber shaft across the width of the underlying cause, without beating even without shells, scratches and warping of the printed surface of the shaft, pumping stations in the tub creates a constant circulation of paint to prevent delamination, excessive paint from the surface of the print roller is removed horizontally placed doctor blade, which is due to the reciprocating movements of the edges of the blades creates conditions of high durability and maintain the quality of the working area of the blades;

4.6. after receiving the combined figure on the obverse of the underlying cause of the latter is fed into the drying chamber, where the process of drying by warm air, which for the intermediate drying is heated in an oil heat exchanger branch dermologica and is served by the fan through the system damper when the temperature in the drying chamber 80 to 120°C;

4.7. subbase around the refrigeration shaft and goes to the next printing machine, printing machine link between a mechanical and actuators and the transmission of the movements of the feed, allows to adjust the position of the printing roller relative to each other to correct shifts of rapport labels and allows you to work machines in different modes of motion innings;

5.1. subbase with permanently applied pattern passes a pair of pulling rolls, a device for controlling tension underlay passes the dividing wall and enters the turning device, where the underlying cause is faceup;

5.2. the map oriented in the direction of feed movement along the Central axis, adjust its tension and served in two drying device, where the underlying cause dry and with the necessary tension serves its third alluvial unit, PVC paste through a vibrating screen served in the receiving tank and pastorscott;

5.3. PVC paste is applied onto the underlying cause superficial shaft taking into account the gap between the metal shaft or directly on the subbase layer PVC paste on the underlying cause regulate the cleaning device and the speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft;

5.4. alluvial shaft or subbase paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and depending on the underlying cause or superficial shaft when using a tilt angle of a doctor blade of a knife support the treatment of the underlying cause, and adapt this mode of viscosity and fluidity PVC paste;

5.5. collect flowing paste PVC, drop the Ute runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of PVC pastes, contaminated waste, do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff PATA PVC lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft;

5.6. submission of an underlying cause, coated with a paste PVC, under an infrared emitter, slow down the process of fluidity PVC paste on the underlying cause, ensuring the appropriate degree of drying 1-8 rows of emitters, in the process of filing an underlying cause the position of the heat flux emitters change;

5.7. the underlying cause of the facial surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at the temperature of the contact zone from 144-151°providing the maximum possible uniform impregnation underlay PVC paste thickness and width of the layer, the gelation of the paste PVC deprive yield due to the removal from it of excess plasticizer, give the pasta PVC adequate strength and elasticity, polished to a mirror finish surface smooth drum adjacent side of the underlay and the receiving roller pulled her with termogenerating drum, summing the underlying cause to contact the four cooling cooling rolls up to 25°;

5.8. the adhered paste PVC in the process of thermogalvanic remove the blade of a knife, the underlying cause with the applied paste PVC transparent layer serves face down, at a temperature of 145-150°With the hot oil surface thermobaby for the gelatin, proglasovala the underlying cause, through feed roll, retard with thermobaby and direct cooling of the underlying cause of up to 25°C;

6.1. the underlying cause is served on the device for applying PVC flakes on the face of the underlay using 1-2 devices, cereal PVC is applied on the front side of the underlay from the bunker install the distribution needle shaft or shaft spiked feed from 20 to 300 g/m2, cleaning device remove the excess flakes PVC, which, falling on the surface of the underlying cause, glued to a transparent paste PVC, forming a volumetric image, spilled cereal PVC recycle, then re-use, the underlying cause with the applied paste PVC and PVC flakes on the front surface serves on the heated hot oil until 145-150°With the surface of thermobaby, proglasovala the underlying cause is pulled from thermobaby removable roller, the adhered paste PVC clean off Stripping knife, subbase interacts with tension transducer that provides tension control underlay between thermobarrier and node smoothing, subbase held heating device for infrared radiation, where in the heat liavo the surface involves heating elements, infrared sensor and a transducer mounted on the outlet of the installation of heating by infrared radiation, the intensity of which regulate the quantity of the included lamps, the intensity of incandescent lamps and changing the luminous flux of the moving front side of the underlying cause, which is served in the node smoothing, where holding down the rubber shaft and the shaft is smooth, with surface polished to a mirror finish, across the width of the underlay with the proper pressure required for pressing flakes PVC transparent layer of paste PVC, leveling and smoothing the front side surface of the underlay, pull the shaft smooth and measure the tension between node smoothing and cooling to 25°C;

6.2. the underlying cause is served rollers due to the contact interaction with her;

7.1. the drawing of the second transparent layer on the underlying cause is performed in two drying device, where the underlying cause dry and with the necessary tension serves it on fourth alluvial device primer, called the doctor table, PVC paste through a vibrating screen served in the receiving tank and pastorscott;

7.2. PVC paste is applied onto the underlying cause superficial shaft taking into account the gap between the metal shaft or directly on the subbase layer PVC paste on podobno which regulate the cleaning device and the speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft, alluvial shaft or subbase paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and depending on the underlying cause or superficial shaft, using the angles of the doctor knife;

7.3. support the treatment of the underlying cause, and adapt this mode of viscosity and fluidity PVC paste, collect flowing paste PVC, eliminate runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of PVC pastes, contaminated waste, do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff of paste PVC on the lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft;

7.4. submission of an underlying cause, coated with a paste PVC, under an infrared emitter, slow down the process of fluidity PVC paste on the underlying cause, ensuring the appropriate degree of drying 1-8 rows of emitters, in the process of filing an underlying cause the position of the heat flux emitters change;

7.5. the underlying cause of the facial surface of the press holding down the rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at the temperature of the contact zone from 144-151°providing the maximum possible uniform impregnation underlay PVC paste thickness and width of the layer, the gelation of the paste PVC deprive yield due to the removal of her islesmultiple;

7.6. give the pasta PVC adequate strength and elasticity, polished to a mirror finish surface smooth drum adjacent side of the underlay and the receiving roller pulled her with termogenerating drum, summing the underlying cause to contact the pair of cooling rolls up to 25°With, the adhered paste PVC in the process of thermogalvanic remove the knife blade;

7.7. chilled cloth is turned face down, the oil thermostat to automatically change the temperature termogenerating drum, use the automatic cooling water, which cooled the underlying cause;

8.1. in two of the drying device, the underlying cause dry and with the necessary tension serves its fifth alluvial device primer, called the doctor table, PVC paste through a vibrating screen served in the receiving tank and pastorscott, PVC paste is applied onto the underlying cause superficial shaft taking into account the gap between the metal shaft or directly on the subbase layer PVC paste on the underlying cause regulate the cleaning device and the speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft, with alluvial shaft or subbase paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and depending on the underlying cause or superficial shaft, using the angles of the doctor knife, a support impregnated underlay, seabras is this I the mode of viscosity and fluidity of PVC pastes, collect flowing paste PVC, eliminate runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of PVC pastes, contaminated waste, do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff PATA PVC lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft, paste PVC back layer through the vibrating screen by means of a pneumatic pump enters Kubel on the fifth alluvial device and dosed via pastorscott on the moving map;

8.2. subbase coated with paste PVC goes for the gelatin in the heat chamber, where the temperature of gelation for top or bottom underlay is the interval from 165 to 200°oil thermostat automatically change the temperature termogenerating drum;

8.3. from smoke houses subbase is supplied to the cooling unit, consisting of eight cooling rolls at intervals of a water management underlay 25 and 14°With, on the subbase put a compact layer of PVC on the back surface of the device containing alluvial shaft supporting Board and cleaning device;

8.4. in two of the drying device, the underlying cause dry and with the necessary tension serves its sixth alluvial device is compact the layer PVC, PVC paste through a vibrating screen served in the receiving tank and pastorscott;

8.5. PVC paste is applied onto the underlying cause superficial shaft taking into account the gap between the metal shaft or directly on the subbase layer PVC paste on the underlying cause regulate the cleaning device and the speed of rotation of the alluvial shaft, alluvial shaft or subbase paste PVC evenly distribute, smooth and depending on the underlying cause or superficial shaft when using a tilt angle of a doctor blade of a knife support the treatment of the underlying cause, and adapt this mode of viscosity and fluidity PVC paste;

8.6. collect flowing paste PVC, eliminate runoff paste PVC on the basis of superficial machines and ensure collection of PVC pastes, contaminated waste, do not allow sagging of the underlying basis for process interrupt process provide directional movement in the trough paste PVC, do not allow runoff PATA PVC lateral edges of the underlay on the alluvial shaft, feed underlay, coated with a paste PVC compact layer;

8.7. under an infrared emitter slow down the process of fluidity PVC paste on the underlying cause, provide an adequate degree of drying 1-8 rows of emitters, in the process of filing an underlying cause the position of the heat flux emitters change, the underlying cause of the back surface of the press PR is jimmym rubber shaft in hot oil surface thermobaby for gelation at the temperature of the contact zone from 144-151° With, providing the best possible uniform impregnation underlay compact PVC paste layer thickness and width of the layer, the gelation of the paste PVC deprive yield due to the removal from it of excess plasticizer, give the pasta PVC adequate strength and elasticity;

8.8. polished to a mirror finish surface smooth drum adjacent side of the underlay and the receiving roller pulled her with termogenerating drum, summing the underlying cause to contact the pair of cooling rolls up to 25°With, the adhered paste PVC in the process of thermogalvanic removed with a knife blade, oil thermostat automatically change the temperature of the fourth termogenerating drum, use the automatic cooling water, through which a cool subbase;

9.1. the tensioning device serves the underlying cause on the mechanical embossing faceup, mechanical embossing on the front surface of the underlay perform node stamping, containing an infrared field, tinily shaft, rubber and cooling the shaft, and subbase passes infrared field in which warming reaches minimum 140°C;

9.2. the underlying cause face pressed against timelinea shaft, pressure by mechanical embossing choose and adjust manually using hydraulic nporno the valve, when the temperature of the rubber shaft 14 to 17°on tinyline Vale relief figure, which reaches a height of 1-3 μm, tinyline shaft has a dual cooling jacket temperature 14-17 and 20-25°C;

9.3. the underlying cause with tinylogo shaft removed on the cooling shaft, embossed underlying cause is served on two shafts with tension transducer and the cooling unit when there are four cooling rolls to a temperature of 20-25°C;

10.1. the underlying cause is served on the device for regulating the tension and seal the back side, which caused nine printing machines print paint picture engraved on the print shaft on the polyvinyl chloride surface underlay with height profile picture print of 0.5 μm, the integrity of the figure is perceived only after the underlying cause of all printing rollers of a given design at the proper tension underlay before and after passing places bitmap printing;

10.2. the map is centered to align with the axis of movement of its filing, in which a pair of pulling rolls served in the Department of printing to be applied on the back side of the printed figure on the PVC surface of the back side of the underlay, printing rollers, with a number from 3 to 6, put the prints of the drawings the thickness of 0.5 μm all rubber printing rollers of a given design;/p>

10.3. drive regulate the movement of the printing roller, a clear overlay pattern on the rear side of the underlay, the coincidence in the process of putting images of check marks located on both edges of the ends of the printing roller, to assess the accuracy of the figure across the entire width and length of the underlying cause;

10.4. printing machine provided with a drive of the printing roller, doctor blade, a pump for feeding the paint bath for printing inks, clamping rubber shafts, shaft load, drying chamber and the cooling shaft, the rubber shaft of the subbase face press to print the shaft during its rotation, the shaft load provide a uniform pressing of the rubber shaft across the width of the underlying cause, not Pets beating even without shells, scratches and warping of the printed surface of the shaft, pumping stations in the tub creates a constant circulation of paint to prevent delamination, excessive paint from the surface of the print roller is removed horizontally placed doctor blade, which for the expense of the reciprocating movements of the edges of the blades creates conditions of high durability and maintain the quality of the working area of the blades;

10.5. printing machines connect to the mechanical drives and transmissions movements innings, allowing you to adjust the position of the printing roller relative to the third correction shifts rapport and allows you to work machines in different modes of motion of the feed, after receiving the combined figure on the obverse of the underlying cause of the latter is fed into the drying chamber, where the process is carried out by drying with warm air, which for the intermediate drying is heated in an oil heat exchanger branch dermologica and is served by the fan through the system damper when the temperature in the drying chamber from 100 to 190°C;

11.1. the underlying cause is directed through the shaft with tension transducer, where it hugs the by-pass shaft and is supplied to the installation of varnish ultraviolet (UV) protection from front side, the rubber shaft of the subbase face pressed to the rubber shaft, which put a varnish with UV protection dosed thickness, and from which the master shaft, rotating in a bath of lacquer, receives a metered layer of varnish with UV protection, alluvial station creates a constant circulation volume varnish required for a workflow map with put on not varnish with UV protection comes in for pre-drying varnish layer in the drying chamber with temperature drying 80-100°With, then served in the ultraviolet drying chamber with a maximum radiated power for fixing the nail in the three-dimensional space;

11.2. after drying subbase with lacquer UV protection is supplied to the cooling unit through a series of bypass rolls and devices on the I tension underlay in the quality of the finished product, which ensure the continuity of the process in a small compensator;

12. the map center and serves on the device for trimming, which is stacked and implement in the manufacturing process, carry out the winding of the coils in the expansion joint where the floor goes in the technology Department, which is determined by its appearance, the finished rolls of flooring is Packed and labelled.

The materials used in the implementation of the method presented in the table.

Industrial usefulness of the new technical solution is more complete information and description of the technological operations of the new structure linoleum relating to the flooring and used in industrial and domestic environments.

The economic efficiency of the method consists in selecting the most optimal operations of the manufacturing and control of the underlying cause, in the coating process of the UV varnish, tension underlay in different periods of its processing, the operation of the cooling linoleum and other operations with respect to PVC pasta, chips, turning underlay with airbags.

A method of manufacturing a floor covering, comprising unwinding rolls of underlay in the form of a glass fiber or needle-punched fabric with adjustable overlap of the edges of the preceding and subsequent rolls, their connection by bonding with heat treatment or by stitching threads using two-loop unwinding compensator to generate a stock underlay, providing continuity in the implementation of these stages, the subsequent direction of the underlying cause with the speed 1-22 m/min under a tension on the first surface device primer for uniform coating of polyvinylchloride paste directly on the map or on the alluvial drum, providing an exception trough underlay coated with the paste loses fluidity when passing under an infrared emitter, the gelation of the surface layer of the underlay on surface termogenerating drum at 145-150°C, cooling to 25°With underlay, drawing on this front surface of the underlying cause of the facial layer of polyvinylchloride paste on the second alluvial device with repetition of the above operations and drawing on this front surface of the underlay picture print with the appropriate color ink thickness of 0.1-0.5 m is m with the help of 3-6 printing rolls, the drying air in the chamber at 80-120°With, even a two-fold application of a transparent layer of polyvinyl chloride flakes on the front surface of the underlay with a subsequent heat treatment, the formation of the planned figure and cooling, applying a layer of PVC on the back surface of the underlay, mechanical embossing and printing the back side of the underlay with drying at 100-190°S, drawing on the front surface of the lacquer UV protection, drying, cooling, and packaging in rolls.



 

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