Combined portable unit for thermal treatment of products

FIELD: mechanics.

SUBSTANCE: combined portable unit for thermal treatment of products includes housing with fire chamber. Housing rests on supports. Box for product smoking is mounted on the housing. Tray, fire chamber with perforated lid and special tool for spits to fry shashliks are built sequentially into housing on guides in downward direction. There are holes in the front and rear walls of the box to install spits and smoke products. Length of each spit rod is different in order to fix smoked products. Holes for only long rods of spits are available on one box wall and holes for both types of rods are situated on the opposite wall. Hole for each lower rod is shifted to the centre of box as regard to upper rod. It allows for installing smoking spits at 4°-10° angles to vertical plane. Spits are arranged in two vertical rows to install baking sheets on upper and lower rods for fruits drying.

EFFECT: time reduction of thermal effect to treated product and decrease of fuel consumption.

8 dwg

 

The invention relates to the field of household appliances, namely, devices for thermal processing of products.

A device for roasting and Smoking containing the furnace, and a device for roasting and Smoking (DE 2250419 A1, 13.12.1973).

The disadvantage of this device is the low quality products, as well as a narrow range of application.

The closest analogue to the proposed invention is a combined portable device for thermal processing of products, comprising a housing with a combustion chamber mounted on the racks, and the housing is mounted box for Smoking products (DE 3618651 A1, 10.12.1987).

The disadvantage of this device is that it does not always turn the meat on the skewers during cooking, because when turning the skewers of meat often remains in the original position, resulting in perezhivanie kebabs, as well as to long-term thermal effects on them and on human rights and increase fuel consumption.

The objective of the invention is to improve the quality fry, smoked and dried products, reducing the time of exposure to heat on the products and on the person, the extension of the application range, the reduction of fuel consumption.

The technical result - the output quality of products, reducing the time heat environmenta is I on the processed product due to the possibility of rotation, as well as extending the range of application and reduced fuel consumption.

This technical result is achieved by the combined portable device for thermal processing of products, comprising a housing with a combustion chamber mounted on the racks, and the housing is mounted box for Smoking products, according to the invention in the housing for directing sequentially in the direction from the bottom up are the pallet, the furnace, the cover of which is perforated, and the mounting of skewers for roasting shish kebab, made according to the form presented on Fig.7, which is performed with the possibility of the direction of heat flow on skewers with barbecue and rotate together with the kebab relative to the longitudinal axis 180°and in the front and back walls of the box with holes for installation of skewers for Smoking products, made according to the form presented in figure 2, the rods of each skewer for fixing products smoked made of different lengths, with one wall boxes with holes only for a rod of greater length of each skewer, and in the opposite wall of the hole for both terminals, in addition, holes for each lower rod offset from the holes to the top of the rod to the center of the box to install the skewers for Smoking products is od angle 4-10° to the vertical plane, while the skewers are placed in two vertical rows, with the possibility of installation on the lower and upper rods skewers trays for drying fruit.

1 shows a General view of the device; figure 2 is a top view; figure 3 is a side view of a portion of a box with skewers; figure 4 shows the casing, a top view; figure 5 shows a furnace, top view; figure 6 shows a device for cooking barbecue, top view; 7, same, side view; Fig shows a box with trays.

The device comprises a box 1 for Smoking products, by the device 2 to its direction and fixing is fixed on the housing 3. In the housing 3 on the guides 4, 5, 6 respectively are installed sequentially from the bottom up the pallet 7, furnace 8, the cover of which is perforated, and a device 9 for installation skewers 10 for cooking barbecue (shaped), which is arranged to direction of heat flow on skewers 10 with barbecue and their rotation around the longitudinal axis 180° together with skewers. On the housing 3 by means of hinges 11 installed door 12. The door 12 is opened to a horizontal position. To the side of the housing 3 attached two removable rack 13, which, in turn, are mounted collapsible crossbars 14, having at its ends governed by the bearing 15 s.

The elements of the uprights 13 and spars 14 outside the housing 3, which provides resistance device under wind load. In the front and rear walls 16 of the box 1 with holes 17 for installation skewers 18 for Smoking products (shaped), and the rods 19, 20 skewers 18 for fixing products smoked made of different lengths, the upper rod 19 skewers 18 is shorter than the lower rod 20. In the back wall 16 box 3 holes 17 are made only for the rod 20 of greater length, and in the front wall 16 for both terminals 19, 20. Hole 17 for each of the lower rod 20 is offset relative to the holes 17 for each upper rod 19 to the center of the duct 3 to install skewers angle 4°-10° to the vertical plane, which creates conditions for high-quality smoked products, because the agent smoked evenly affects the product smoked, with skewers 18 for Smoking products placed at least two vertical rows with possibility of installation on the lower and upper rods 19, 20 skewers 18 trays 21 for drying fruit.

The device 9 has a sidewall 22 and connected with them the plate 23. In the holes 24 of the plate 23 is provided with a needle rods 25 skewers 10 for cooking kebabs. Device 9 sheets 22 is installed on napravlyayus is 6, fixed in the housing 3. On the guides 5 of the housing 3 is installed furnace 8, while at the closed door 12, the air passes through the perforated lid of the furnace 8, and between the body 8, the walls of the casing 3 and the door 12 on the inner perimeter of an air gap 26 in 25-40 mm, which reduces thermal conductivity. The design of the fixture 9 is such that installed it skewers 10 with kebabs are inside the upward heat flux from the furnace 8, directed vertical internal contour of the device 9, consisting of the inner parts of the side plates 22 and 23. On the guide 4 to set the tray 7 for falling embers and ash.

The device operates as follows. In the beginning is the ignition, when folded, the door 12 in the furnace 8 is loaded either charcoal or wood chunks. Then into the holes of the front and rear walls 16 boxes 1 are inserted from the front side rods 19, 20 skewers 18 so that a short rod 19 is above the long. Then on these rods strung pieces of meat 27 or chickens for Smoking. The lower rods 20 pierce these products through and got in the back wall of the box 1, the upper short rod 19 of each skewer 18 pierce a product not fully, for example 25-30 mm, and fix it. Box 1 using tool 2 for guiding and fixing ustanavlivaetsya the case 3, with the help of the uprights 13, spars 14 and adjustable feet 15 is already installed on the ground or other supporting surface. During the Smoking process if necessary it is possible to concurrently load in the box 1 device 9 with the skewers for 10 kebabs, both in this case and in the case of making only kebabs, use the duct 1 to improve traction during fuel combustion.

Pieces of cooked meat alternately with tomatoes, onions strung on rods 25 each skewer 10 for cooking kebabs. Then the free ends of these rods 25, spaced from each other at a certain distance, such as 25 mm, are inserted in vertically spaced pairs of holes 24 in the plate 23 spaced from each other. Device 9 installed skewers 10 at an open door 12 through the sidewalls 22 is fixed in the guide rails on the frame 6 of the housing 3. The door 12 is closed and together with the Smoking product, or without preparing the barbecue.

The process of Smoking food and BBQ is to maintain combustion mode, if necessary, eject the device 9 with skewers 10 and the meat is slightly moistened with water or wine.

Depending on the degree of readiness of meat loaded device 9 is slid on the tilted door 12 and is rotated around a transverse axis at 180° and again the condition is yavlyaetsya on the guide 6.

Now down to the furnace 8 is facing the opposite surface of the meat kebabs.

After completion of the barbecue device 9 is removed from the housing 3, skewers barbecue removed from plates 25 and optionally the second loading device 9 skewers with meat.

15-20 hours after the start of Smoking change the position of the pieces of meat 27 (29) on the rods 19, 20 skewers 18.

For this skewers 18 pulled out of the box 1 to the moment when their upper rods 19 will be released from a piece of meat. After a piece of meat remains only on the lower rod 20, lost his hold and he turned on the rod. Then continue more intensive Smoking surfaces that are previously in the shadow of the rising stream. Then, visually focusing on the readiness of the product located on the top two skewers 18, opening the door 12, put on the guide frame 6 in the housing 3, for example, the pan 21 and have box 1 located at the bottom of the skewers 18. Finished with smoked them removed on a baking sheet 21, and the process of Smoking the rest of the pieces of meat continues. In this order from the bottom up ends the process of Smoking the remaining products.

For fruit drying trays 21 are alternately: in the beginning of the rods 20 skewers 18, and then to the rods 19. When this upward heat on the OK of their wraps, moving from one transverse wall of the enclosure to another, changing under each tray 21 to the direction of motion. After the above processes, the device is removed and the housing 3 is installed in the duct 1. In the same embedded device 9, furnace 8, skewers 18, skewers 10, the trays 21, 13 hours, the crossbar 14. Then on the box 1 is put on the case. The unit is ready for transport and storage.

Combined portable device for thermal processing of products, comprising a housing with a combustion chamber mounted on the racks, and the housing is mounted box for Smoking products, characterized in that in the housing for directing sequentially in the direction from the bottom up are the pallet, the furnace, the cover of which is perforated, and the mounting of skewers for roasting shish kebab, made in the form shown in Fig. 7, which is arranged to direction of heat flow on skewers with barbecue and rotate together with the kebab relative to the longitudinal axis 180°and in the front and back walls of the box with holes for installation of skewers for Smoking products, made in the form shown in Fig. 2, the rods of each skewer for fixing products smoked made of different lengths, with one wall of the box is made resp is rste only for a rod of greater length of each skewer, and in the opposite wall - holes for both terminals, in addition, a hole for each lower rod offset from the holes to the top of the rod to the center of the box to install the skewers for Smoking products at an angle 4-10° to the vertical plane, while the skewers are placed in two vertical rows, with the possibility of installation on the lower and upper rods skewers trays for drying fruit.



 

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