Method of obtaining 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-o-acetyl-beta-d-ribofuranosyl)purine

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to the method of obtaining 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine and can be used in organic chemistry and pharmaceutical industry. The method lies in that, 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine and sodium azide interact in the presence of the above mentioned tetrametylammonium chloride boiled for 4 hours in absolute acetonitrile. The obtained compound is cleaned by elution of benzol. The residue is dissolved in chloroform and the desired product is separated during precipitation using hexane.

EFFECT: high degree of purity with high output.

1 ex

 

The invention relates to organic chemistry, specifically to a method for producing a synthetic precursor of 2-peradenia used in the production of the substance drug fludarabine used for the treatment of neoplastic diseases of the blood.

A method of obtaining 2,6-di azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine, including boiling 38 mmol of 2,6-di-chloro-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine in 320 ml of 93%alcohol with 76 mmol of sodium azide for 1 h the reaction Product separated from one stripped off of the filtrate by flash-chromatography in benzene at celite. Target product in a pure form is not allocated [J.A.Montgomery, K.Hewson. "A convenient method for the synthesis of 2-fluoroadenosine", J.Org.Chem., 33(1): 432-434(1968).

The disadvantage of this method is the formation of by-products caused by conducting the reaction in the presence of water [J.A.Montgomery, K.Hewson, A.G.Laseter. "2-Halo derivatives of3'-acetamido-3'-deoxyadenosine", J.Med.Chem., 18(6): 571-573 (1975)].

Known closest to the claimed method of obtaining 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine interaction 23.3 mmol 2-amino-6-chloro-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine and 116 mmol of sodium azide in 110 ml of 90%aqueous acetonitrile in the presence of 46.8 mmol 1,4-diazobicyclo[2,2,2]octane in 20° within 70 minutes Target product produce by extraction with chloroform from one stripped off of the reaction mixture [.G.Bauman, R.C.Wirsching "Process for the preparating of fludarabine or fludarabine phosphate from guanosine" US Patent 5668270 Sept., 1997, CL 536/26 .71].

The disadvantage of this method is that the target product is not purified.

The invention solves the problem of obtaining high yield of 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine with a purity not less than 99%.

This object is achieved due to the fact that the method of obtaining 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine, including the interaction of 2-amino-6-chloro-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine and sodium azide in an environment of acetonitrile, the reaction of 2-amino-6-chloro-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine and of sodium azide is carried out in the presence of dried Tetramethylammonium boiling for 4 h in the abs. acetonitrile, the compound obtained purified by decantation benzene, the residue is dissolved in chloroform, and the target product is isolated by precipitation with hexane.

This method allows to synthesize crystalline 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine 100% purity with a yield of 89.3%.

The essence of the method consists in carrying out the reaction of 2-amino-6-chloro-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine with Tetramethylammonium salt zidovudine acids formed in boiling acetonitrile of sodium azide and Tetramethylammonium is a, and subsequent isolation of the target product when it is precipitation with hexane from a chloroform solution.

The invention illustrates the example.

Example.

A mixture of 46.8 mmol 2-amino-6-chloro-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine, 46.8 mmol dried, Tetramethylammonium chloride and 60 mmol of sodium azide in 150 ml of abs. acetonitrile is boiled for 4 h, the reaction mixture is cooled, the precipitated precipitate is filtered off, washed with 50 ml of acetonitrile. The filtrate is evaporated, to the residue was added 100 ml of benzene and the mixture is stirred for 1 h Benzene solution is decanted, the residue is dissolved in 400 ml of chloroform, the solution washed with 2×100 ml of water, dried over magnesium sulfate and evaporated in vacuo to 2-fold increase in the concentration of reaction product in the solution, and then added thereto 200 ml of hexane. The precipitation is filtered off and get at 17.27 g (85%) azide, TPL 122-124°C. From the mother liquor additionally allocate 0.87 g of the target product, the total output of which is 18.14 g (89.3%). Mass spectrum: m/z 382(M-2CN)+, 367(M+H-NCN3)+, 325(M+H-NCN3-COCH2)+, 177 (+2N-CN)+, 149(B+2H-N2)+.

The method of obtaining 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine, including the interaction of 2-amino-6-chloro-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine and sodium azide in an environment of acetonitrile, characterized in that h is about the interaction of 2-amino-6-chloro-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β -D-ribofuranosyl)purine and of sodium azide is carried out in the presence of the dried Tetramethylammonium chloride by boiling for 4 h in absolute acetonitrile, the compound obtained purified by decantation benzene, the residue is dissolved in chloroform, and the target product is isolated by precipitation with hexane.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method implies that suspension 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranozile)purine in 60% anhydrous hydrogen fluoride solution of pyridine is diazotizied with tert-butylnitrite during 1 hour at (-18) - (-22)°C. Reaction mixture is decomposed with cut ice. Reaction product is purified by, flash-chromatography on aluminum oxide. Then produced 2-fluorine-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranozile)purine is hydrogenated at air pressure in 10% acetic acid solution of absolute ethyl acetate with 10% palladium on carbon solution occurrence during 18 hours. Reaction product is purified in acetonitrile solution by flash-chromatography on aluminum oxide at 50-55°C and crystallized from alcohol.

EFFECT: production of compound of high purity with high output.

2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention applied for relates to process of obtaining 2,6- dichlor-9-(2,3,5-tru-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranozyl) purine and may be used in organic chemistry and pharmaceutical industry. The process involves conduction of 2,6- dichlor-9-(2,3,5-tru-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranozyl) purine with tret-butyl nitrite in the methylene chloride medium at (-18)-(-22)°C during 2 hours in presence of pyridine hydrochloride and phosphorus oxychloride followed by decomposing the reaction mixture with chipped ice, and cleansing of the target product in methylene chloride with flash-chromatography on silica gel.

EFFECT: obtaining of substance with high grade of purity and high output by simplified technology.

1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: this invention covers method of production of 2-chloroadenosine and may be used in organic chemistry and pharmaceutical industry. The method includes ammonolysis of 2.6-di-chloro-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-(β-O-ribofuranozyl)purine in absolute ethyl acetate saturated with ammonia at 0°C during 3 days with further hydrolysis of obtained 5'-0-acetyl-2-chloro-adenosine with 20% ammonia solution in methanol at 20°C during 6 hours, isolation of desired product from the reaction mixture by boiling in mixture of chloroform and methanol, their volumetric ratio 3:1, and purification by crystallization from water.

EFFECT: production of substance with high purity.

1 ex

FIELD: organic chemistry, medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compound of the formula (I) wherein each among R represents independently hydrogen atom, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, phenyl or phenyl-(C1-C3)-alkyl; X and X' represent -CH2OH, -CO2R2, -OC(O)R2, -CH2OC(O)R2 or C(O)NR3R4 wherein R2, R3 and R4 represent independently hydrogen atom (H), (C1-C6)-alkyl substituted optionally with one-three (C1-C6)-alkoxy-groups, (C1-C6)-alkylthio-groups, halogen atoms, hydroxy-, amino-, mono-(C1-C6)-alkyl)-amino-, di-(C1-C6)-alkyl)-amino-group; Z and Z' represent independently (C1-C6)-alkyl broken optionally with one-three sulfur atoms (S) or non-peroxide oxygen atom (O), or they absent; n = 1-3; or to its pharmaceutically acceptable salt. Compounds are agonists of adenosine A2A-receptors and can be used for inhibition of inflammatory response or inflammation treatment.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of compounds.

56 cl, 1 tbl, 21 dwg, 37 ex

The invention relates to nucleoside analogs of formula (1) in which R1represents H or a group protecting the hydroxyl, R2represents H, a group protecting the hydroxyl group of phosphoric acid, a protected group, phosphoric acid or a group of the formula P(R3R4in which R3and R4are the same or different and represent a hydroxyl group, a protected hydroxyl group, alkoxygroup, allylthiourea, cyanoacetylurea, amino group, substituted alkyl group; And represents alkylenes group containing from 1 to 4 carbon atoms, and a represents a substituted purine-9-ilen group or substituted 2-oxopyrimidine-1-ilen group containing at least one Deputy, selected from hydroxyl groups, protected hydroxyl groups, amino groups, protected amino groups, alkyl groups

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The invention relates to certain oxipurinol the nucleosides, compounds related data oxipurinol the nucleosides, acyl derivatives and compositions that contain at least one of these compounds

The invention relates to purine derivative of L-nucleoside of the formula (I), where R1, R2', R3' and R4- N; R2, R3and R5- HE; Z1- N; Z2selected from N and CH; Z3- NR-, -C(R)2, -S-, where R, same or different, selected from H, Br, NH2, alkyl and alkenyl; Z4selected from C=O, -NR-, -C(R)2- where R, same or different, selected from H and Br; Z5Is N; X is selected from H, HE, SH, -SNH2, -S(O)NH2, -S(O)2NH2Y from H and NH2; W is O, and Y represents NH2then Z3is not a-S-

The invention relates to novel acyl derivatives of guanosine formula I, inosine formula II, xanthosine formula III, deoxyinosine formula IV, deoxyguanosine formula V, inosine - 2',3'-(acyclic)dialcohol formula VI or pharmaceutically acceptable salts

FIELD: organic chemistry, medicine.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to compound of the formula (I) wherein each among R represents independently hydrogen atom, (C1-C6)-alkyl, (C3-C7)-cycloalkyl, phenyl or phenyl-(C1-C3)-alkyl; X and X' represent -CH2OH, -CO2R2, -OC(O)R2, -CH2OC(O)R2 or C(O)NR3R4 wherein R2, R3 and R4 represent independently hydrogen atom (H), (C1-C6)-alkyl substituted optionally with one-three (C1-C6)-alkoxy-groups, (C1-C6)-alkylthio-groups, halogen atoms, hydroxy-, amino-, mono-(C1-C6)-alkyl)-amino-, di-(C1-C6)-alkyl)-amino-group; Z and Z' represent independently (C1-C6)-alkyl broken optionally with one-three sulfur atoms (S) or non-peroxide oxygen atom (O), or they absent; n = 1-3; or to its pharmaceutically acceptable salt. Compounds are agonists of adenosine A2A-receptors and can be used for inhibition of inflammatory response or inflammation treatment.

EFFECT: valuable medicinal properties of compounds.

56 cl, 1 tbl, 21 dwg, 37 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: this invention covers method of production of 2-chloroadenosine and may be used in organic chemistry and pharmaceutical industry. The method includes ammonolysis of 2.6-di-chloro-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-(β-O-ribofuranozyl)purine in absolute ethyl acetate saturated with ammonia at 0°C during 3 days with further hydrolysis of obtained 5'-0-acetyl-2-chloro-adenosine with 20% ammonia solution in methanol at 20°C during 6 hours, isolation of desired product from the reaction mixture by boiling in mixture of chloroform and methanol, their volumetric ratio 3:1, and purification by crystallization from water.

EFFECT: production of substance with high purity.

1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention applied for relates to process of obtaining 2,6- dichlor-9-(2,3,5-tru-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranozyl) purine and may be used in organic chemistry and pharmaceutical industry. The process involves conduction of 2,6- dichlor-9-(2,3,5-tru-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranozyl) purine with tret-butyl nitrite in the methylene chloride medium at (-18)-(-22)°C during 2 hours in presence of pyridine hydrochloride and phosphorus oxychloride followed by decomposing the reaction mixture with chipped ice, and cleansing of the target product in methylene chloride with flash-chromatography on silica gel.

EFFECT: obtaining of substance with high grade of purity and high output by simplified technology.

1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: method implies that suspension 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranozile)purine in 60% anhydrous hydrogen fluoride solution of pyridine is diazotizied with tert-butylnitrite during 1 hour at (-18) - (-22)°C. Reaction mixture is decomposed with cut ice. Reaction product is purified by, flash-chromatography on aluminum oxide. Then produced 2-fluorine-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranozile)purine is hydrogenated at air pressure in 10% acetic acid solution of absolute ethyl acetate with 10% palladium on carbon solution occurrence during 18 hours. Reaction product is purified in acetonitrile solution by flash-chromatography on aluminum oxide at 50-55°C and crystallized from alcohol.

EFFECT: production of compound of high purity with high output.

2 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention pertains to the method of obtaining 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine and can be used in organic chemistry and pharmaceutical industry. The method lies in that, 2-amino-6-azido-9-(2,3,5-tri-O-acetyl-β-D-ribofuranosyl)purine and sodium azide interact in the presence of the above mentioned tetrametylammonium chloride boiled for 4 hours in absolute acetonitrile. The obtained compound is cleaned by elution of benzol. The residue is dissolved in chloroform and the desired product is separated during precipitation using hexane.

EFFECT: high degree of purity with high output.

1 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: in compound of formula (I): , R1 represents C1-4-alkoxy C3-6cycloalkyl optionally substituted with atom of halogen, hydroxyl, trifluoromethyl, optionally substituted with halogen atom 5-6-member heterocyclyl, in which heteroatoms are selected from oxygen, optionally substituted with halogen atoms phenyl or optionally substituted with halogen atoms 5-6-member heteroaryl, in which heteroatoms are selected from nitrogen and/or sulfur; R2 represents hydrogen or trifluoromethyl; R3 represents hydrogen, optionally substituted with atom of halogen, C3-6cycloalkyl, optionally substituted with atom of halogen, trifluoromethyl, C1-4-alkyl phenyl, optionally substituted with atom of halogen, trifluoromethyl, C1-4-alkoxy heterocyclyl, which has in ring 1-2 heteroatoms, selected from nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur, or optionally substituted with C1-4-alkyl 5-6-member heterocyclyl, which has in ring 1-2 heteroatoms, selected from nitrogen or oxygen, R4 and R5 independently represent hydrogen; X represents covalent bond or lower alkylene; X1 represents covalent bond or lower alkylene, Y represents covalent bond or lower alkylene, optionally substituted with hydroxy or cycloalkyl; and Z represents -C=C-, -R6C=CR7- or -CHR6CHR7-, where R6 and R7 in each position represent hydrogen or lower alkyl.

EFFECT: antilipolytic effect of compounds.

30 cl, 7 dwg, 31 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to phosphoramidite derivatives of general formula where Bx denotes adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine or uracil, where the amine group of adenine, guanine and cytosine can be optionally protected by a protective group selected from acetyl and phenoxyacetyl; R1 is a substitute of general formula in which R11, R12 and R13 are identical or different, and each denotes hydrogen or alkoxy; R2a and R2b are identical or different, and each denotes alkyl; and WG1, WG2 denote a cyano group. The invention also pertains to a multistep method of producing the said compounds. The invention also relates to intermediate compounds of the said method, namely: an intermediate ether compound of general formula where L is a halogen or a C1-C5alkylthio group; WG1 is a cyano group; an intermediate compound of general formula where Bx denotes adenine, guanine, cytosine, thymine or uracil, where the amine group of adesine, guanine and cytosine can be optionally protected by a protective group selected from an acetyl group and a phenoxyacetyl group; and WG1 denotes a cyano group; an intermediate compound of general formula where Bx is as described above; R1 is a substitute of general formula (2); an intermediate compound of general formula where Bx is as described above; A is a silicon-containing substitute of general formula or where R6 denotes alkyl and WG1 denotes a cyano group. The invention also relates to a method of producing an oligonucleotide of general formula where each B independently denotes adenine, guanine, cytosine, uracil or thymine; each R independently denotes H or hydroxyl and at least one of R denotes hydroxyl; Z denotes H or a phosphate group; and n is an integer between 1 and 100, involving steps A-G, characterised by use of said phosphoramidite derivatives as a monomer compound of nucleic acid at step B.

EFFECT: high yield.

7 cl, 1 dwg, 21 ex

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: nucleic base (e.g. uracil, cytosine, adenine, guanine, hypoxanthine, xanthine or similar) reacts with perfluoroalkyl halide in the presence of sulphoxide, peroxide and an iron compound to obtain a perfluoroalkyl-substituted nucleic base.

EFFECT: high cost effectiveness as an intermediate compound for producing medicinal agents.

15 cl, 6 tbl

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to a method of producing a monohydrate of (1-{9-[(4S,2R,3R,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-6-aminopurin-2-yl}pyrazol-4-yl)-N-methylcarboxamide through contact of a compound of formula

with aqueous methylamine at temperature equal to approximately 2.5-7.5°C. The invention also relates to a method of producing an intermediate compound of formula (4): involving reaction of a compound of formula (1) with 14.3-16.7-fold molar excess hydrazine hydrate at temperature equal to approximately 60-65°C to obtain the corresponding hydrazine of formula (2), followed by contact between the compound of formula (2) and excess ethyl-2-formyl-3-oxopropionate, optionally in the presence of an acid.

EFFECT: method enables to obtain, in a single step, a crystalline compound in form of a monohydrate and also exclude undesirable impurities of the compound of formula 2 in the end product owing to use of intermediate product 4.

15 cl, 7 ex, 5 dwg

FIELD: chemistry.

SUBSTANCE: present invention relates to methods for large-scale production of a A2A_adenosine receptor agonist, particularly a monohydrate of (1-{9-[(4S,2R,3R,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-6-aminopurin-2-yl}pyrazol-4-yl)-N-methylcarboxamide: . The invention also discloses methods of producing intermediate products used to produce said monohydrate, and directly the monohydrate of (1-{9-[(4S,2R,3R,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-6-aminopurin-2-yl}pyrazol-4-yl)-N-methylcarboxamide.

EFFECT: novel methods of producing 1-{9-[(4S,2R,3R,5R)-3,4-dihydroxy-5-(hydroxymethyl)oxolan-2-yl]-6-aminopurin-2-yl}pyrazol-4-yl)-N-methylcarboxamide, which enable to obtain large amounts of the end product with good output and high degree of purity.

15 cl, 6 ex, 5 dwg

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