Device for training for evacuation of machines

FIELD: trainer engineering.

SUBSTANCE: the device contains the object of evacuation with a tow gear and a traction engine with a manipulator controlled from the traction engine, the object being fixed on the ground. The tow gears are fixed on the object with the possibility of changing their position relative to the ground. The manipulator has a lever with a detent device for placing the towline with a yoke. The detent device, in its lower part, has a through longitudinal slot, the width of which is larger than the diameter of the towline but smaller than that of the yoke. The towline is fixed on the traction engine so that it can be removed from the traction engine after connecting to the tow gear of the object.

EFFECT: time and cost saving, increased driver training safety.

3 dwg

 

The invention relates to simulators for driving machines and can be used for training of drivers and crews tractors evacuation of machines without departing crews.

Known driving simulator evacuation, in which the Prime mover connecting the towing device of the machine and evacuate the car (Object M. Technical description and operating instructions. KN. second. M: Voenizdat, 1975, s).

The disadvantages of driving simulator evacuation are great material and financial costs of training.

It is also known a device for mechanical coupling of the tractor with the machine, containing mounted on the body of the tractor Coulter, controlled from the inside of the tractor and connected at one end to the housing of the tractor tow rope. On the opener attached to the lever, the ends of which are placed to capture the second end of the tow rope. Capture in the lower part has a through longitudinal groove whose width is larger than the diameter of the rope, but less than the diameter of the clamp, forming a loop of rope. Release the cable from the capture occurs after the attachment of the rope to the towing device and the tensioning cable (see patent RU No. 2038225 on CL 60D 1/26 for 1993 - prototype).

This device allows mechanized hitch of the tractor with the object and its evacuation without departing crews, however, requires additional training of the driver and the crew of the truck. amym difficult stage of training is coupled with various objects evacuation on rough terrain. To study various machines - objects evacuation. In preparation for the training and during training resources are spent attracted interest evacuation and require additional measures to ensure compliance with safety regulations.

The purpose of the invention is to reduce the time, cost and safety training of drivers of tractors.

The technical result of the utility model is that in the known device training evacuation machines containing the object evacuation with the towing device and the tractor with the manipulator, controlled from the inside of the truck, the handle is fixed lever with grip for placement of the tow cable with clip, capture in the lower part has a through longitudinal groove whose width is larger than the diameter of the rope, but less than the diameter of the clamp, the object is fixed on the ground, the towing device fixed on the object with the possibility of changing their relative position to the ground, the tow rope attached to the tractor with the possibility of detaching movement of the Prime mover after a hitch with towing device object.

The claimed device illustrated by the drawings: figure 1 - mount towing devices at the facility evacuation; 2 - position of the object evacuation on the ground and fastening the tow rope on the tractor; 3 - position of the tow rope when disconnected from the tractor.

Figure 1-3 of which are: 1 - soil; 2 - ground; 3 - cover; 4, 5 - bearing; 6 - towing fork with a bolt; 7 - towbar; 8 - hole; 9 - pin; 10 - tractor; 11 - dozer blade; 12 - arm; 13 - capture; 14 - tow rope; 15 - clamp; 16 - spring; 17 - bolt with locknut.

The device operates as follows.

In the stowed position the supports 4 and 5 fixed to the body of the object evacuation, for travel to the selected location.

Towing device fixed in various parts of the body with the ability to change their relative position to the ground. To do this, use the mounting holes on 8 different planes of the body (figure 1). Bearing 4 and the base 2 of the object fixed to the ground with fingers 9. The tractor unit 10 is fixed bulldozer blade 11 with the lever 12, controlled from the inside of the truck. At the end of the lever is fixed grip 13, which houses the tow cable 14 in the clamp 15. The clamp is mounted for movement along the longitudinal axis of the grip, rotation around this axis and fixing in position. At the working end of the rope is fixed loop or hook. Capture in the lower part has a through longitudinal groove whose width is larger than the diameter of the rope, but less than the diameter of the clamp. The bolt 17 and the plate spring 16 is designed to hold and lock cable in certain positions (figure 2). The design of the grip and the rope with clip ensures the possibility of disconnecting the lever from the cable, fixed on the object of evacuation, movement of the Prime mover after a hitch with towing device object.

The device operates as follows. When teaching evacuation move the tractor to the object, the movement of the Prime mover and the movement of the lever from the inside of the truck connect the loop or hook rope tow device object. After engagement of the loop or hook rope tow device object of the tractor starts to move back. While grabbing 13 overcomes the force of the clamping bolt 17 and moves the clamp 15. After the release of the clamp from the capture cable under the action of gravity falls into the groove of the grip, is disconnected from the rod lever and remains on the towing device object (figure 3). The movement of the Prime mover perform the exercise evacuation object in reverse.

The use of the proposed device can significantly reduce the cost, time and safety training of drivers and crews of mechanized tractors evacuation vehicles in hazardous areas.

Device for training the evacuation of the machine that contains the object evacuation (3) with towing devices (6, 7) and the tractor (10) with a handle (11), controlled from the inside of the tractor (10), the handle (11) is fixed to the lever (12) with a gripper (13) to accommodate the tow rope (14) with clamp (15), the grip (13) in the lower part has a through longitudinal groove whose width is greater is iameter cable (14), but less than the diameter of the clamp (15), characterized in that the object (3) is fixed on the ground (1), the towing device (6, 7) attached to the object (3) with the possibility of changing their relative position to the ground (1), tow rope (14) is fixed on the carrier (10) with the possibility of detaching movement of the tractor (10) after coupling with the towing device (6, 7) of the object (3).



 

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1 dwg

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