Device for dispersion of sprinkler fluid

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: device comprises hose connection designed to supply working fluid under pressure, pipe line with a handle and control system regulating working fluid supply into a sprinkler head. The hose connection, the pipe line with a handle and the control system regulating working fluid supply into a sprinkler head are made split. The pipeline handle consists of a measurement rod made of wood or a metal pipe, a hose with inlet and outlet branches is secured onto the rod, the branches have connections to supply a fluid to the sprinkler head; the head is screwed on the outlet branch. The control system consists of device to switch on and off an electric pump; this device is secured on the rod and comprises discontinuous sealed switch turning the electrical pump on and off and sealed plug connecting the electrical system for switching the electrical pump on and off through a sealed socket to power supply.

EFFECT: to simplify the design.

5 cl, 5 dwg

 

The invention relates to a device for processing fruit trees, berry bushes, vegetables for chemical protection against pests and diseases, as well as foliar feeding, economical watering with a wide dispersion in the conditions of farms and garden plots.

Known used in private gardens and even farmers portable sprayers, consisting of a reservoir for the working fluid from the filler neck filter, hand pump and outlet tube hose (see SU # 246207, IPC AM 7/00).

Known portable sprayers, which are filled with fluid and pumped up in her air-operated actuator (see the patent of Ukraine UA No. 23404, CL AM 7/00, the Federal Republic of Germany patent DE No. 19511885, CL AM 7/00). The spray liquid flows in these sprayers are driven by compressed air from the foot or hand pumps.

The disadvantage of these hand and foot sprayers: low pressure spray, weakening as emptying the tank, hard work during the swing of the air, a short tubular arm, odnorazovyy spray. As a result, they are not suitable for spraying tall fruit trees and have low productivity.

Known machines for chemical protection of plants - machinery sprayers pumps. Working bodies of these sprayers consist of tanks, pumps, filter is in, pressure regulators, nozzles, spray systems, and fuel devices (See. Tutorial Wemhoener, IV Gorbachev "Agricultural machinery", str...218. Moscow, "Colossus", 2004 (1)).

In the engine sprayers set, piston, centrifugal, gear, diaphragm, roller and rotary pumps. The main characteristics of the pump flow (l/min) and fluid pressure (MPa). Vibrating pumps in machinery chemical plant protection is not applied as thin and do not provide high performance in large farms.

However, in gardening and farming the use of cheap and small sprayers on the basis of the vibration of the pumps will allow a significant increase productivity and eliminate manual work by pumping air into pnevmopistoleta with a working tank liquid not more than 10 litres.

The spray system in the engine sprayers are used to move sprayed fluid flow and applying it to the object processing plants.

There are distribution system: fan, hose, hoses [(1) str...226].

The closest technical solution to the claimed invention is a hose [(1) str...226. .VI.7].

The hose is designed for spraying young manually garden is in, odinokostoschih trees, various landings and storage space. The basis of it is a pipe, one end of which is fixed the head of the handpiece, the other tee. In the tube is a rod, which is fixed to the handle with an internal screw thread. The handle is screwed on the fitting, the end of which is screwed into the tee. On the rod is fixed swirl with screw channels and rubber washer. The tip is blocked spray washer with a hole for passage of a chemical, the washer keeps the lid.

The space formed between the spray plate and called swirl chamber swirl. The length of it and, consequently, the capacity to regulate rotation of the handle, screwing it onto the fitting and thereby moving the stem and swirl.

With the approach of the swirl to spray the washer spray becomes wider and shorter, the dispersion increases, consumption decreases. Depending on the pressure in the injection system and the diameter of the hole of the spray washer height of the jet can be 7...12 m to stop spraying, turn the handle up, and the rubber washer closes the opening of the spray washer.

Liquid is supplied to the hose through the sleeve length of 10 m is attached to the nipple. Attached removable spray washers with holes of diameter 3, 4, 5 and 6 mm

The hoses will elektuur sprayers many brands. The supply hoses nozzles, forming a concentrated stream of high altitude due to head pressure.

Well-known high-performance hoses, as they work from the machine sprayers expensive, energy-intensive, complex device and because they are applicable in large farms and not in farms and private gardens, where trees besides thickened and the machines have no place to sleep. The flow of the spray liquid from the great artesian pressure in machine hoses is also great and spray close to the large-droplet and in farmers ' orchards enough spray fine and even spray. The guide pipe from the well-known hose short hose sleeve heavy and height of the pressure of the spray pattern is achieved by a powerful pump and pressure of the jet with high pressure.

The technical result, which directed the present invention is the creation of lightweight and simplified device of nozzles on the basis of cheap PVC hoses, low pressure loss, lightweight handles high length and a simple and reliable sprayers, convenient control-efficient pumps that create specific pressure 0.4-0.6 MPa.

The goal of the project is achieved in that the device for spraying liquid in the sprayer containing langeveldt working fluid under pressure pressure pipeline to handle and control system working fluid to the spray head, in accordance with the invention supply hose, tubing with grip and control system working fluid and the spray head is made Rethimno, while the handle of the pipeline consists of a rail gauge length, wooden or metal tube, on which are fixed the hose with inlet and outlet fittings with connection for supplying slurry to the spray head screwed on the outlet fitting, the system contains a control device for switching on and off of the pump, mounted on the rail, and consists of discontinuous sealed switch, including off the pump, and sealed plug for connection through a sealed outlet with electrical system on and off of the pump from the electrical outlet.

Handle pipe made from bolting at the input and output ends of the metallic holders with installation fasteners fittings, connected by a hose PVC and hose further strengthened in between fittings elastic dampers in the middle part along the length of the rail.

The spray head is made with one spray, mainly with settimgs irrigation. The spray head is made of a combination of two vortex sprayers for spraying.

The control system of the working fluid in the pneumatic sprayers with automatic pumping air into the reservoir is made with the possibility of mechanical on and off supply of fluid.

Figure 1 schematically shows a device for spraying liquid into the sprayer, mounted on a wooden rail, with the device on and off of the pump.

Figure 2 - the same. Views of And from the side.

Figure 3 schematically shows a device for spraying the sprayer on the metal tubular rail.

Figure 4 - cross-section B-B in Fig 1.

Figure 5 schematically shows a device for spraying fluid in the working position.

Device for spraying liquid in the sprayer contains a supply hose 1 working fluid under discharge pressure, a pipe with a handle 2 and a control system 3 working fluid and spray head 4. When this hose inlet 1 and the spray head 4 is made Rethimno pipe with the handle 2.

The handle of the pipeline consists of 5 Reiki length in the interval of length L=2...5 m, depending on the height of the fruit trees and the discharge capacity of the pump. The rail 5 is made mostly of wood Quadrat the th of dried pine or metal tube 6 (see 3). At the inlet and outlet ends of the rails 5 fastened the metal brackets 7 by bolts 8, the washers 9 and nuts 10. The metal brackets 7 are composed of channel bases, made of thin metal 11 and brackets 12 with a folded strip, welded, with holes for fastening the inlet fitting 13 and the output 46 from the tense at the end of the flexible hose 14 from PVC with an inner diameter "d"equal to 8-10 mm, which is the pipeline. When long rail 5 in the intervals between the nozzles 13 on the surface of the rail 5 fixed elastic dampers 15, clamped with metal straps 16, by means of bolts 17 and washers 18 and nuts 19. Inlet port 13 in the split position is clamped by a nut 20, and the outlet fitting 46 is screwed on the spray head 4. Spray head 4 in a version of the two nozzles. They may be single and combination consisting of two, three, four nozzles depending on the zone of atomization and pressure forces of the pump.

Combined spray head 4 consists of a divider 21 spray and two nozzles, in which the liquid is supplied to the valves 22 and 23, pulled the pin 24 and the clamp 25 is placed in the caps 26 vortex nozzles 27. The cap 26 is made with the outlet d1magnitude of which creates the zone of atomization. Colp is his 26 is pressed to the surface of the valves 22 and 23 rubber seal 28.

On the back of the slats 5 are placed sealed discontinuous switch 29 secured by screws 30, a closed casing 31 and is connected with a sealed plug 32. A discontinuous switch 29 is the basis of the control system of the working fluid in the pipe 14 and the spray head 4 from the pump 33 through the supply hose 1 (see figure 5). A supply of electric power to the electric pump 33 carried by the electrical outlet 34 of the supply voltage of 220 V electric wires 35 with a fork 36 and through a sealed outlet 37, not closing the pump 33 through the gap phase lead wire 35. The pump 33 intermittent switch 29 of the electrical control system to split the atomizing device.

In the electrical control system the operation of the pump 33 and the outlet 37 is connected to the fork 38 of the extension 39, which through its outlet end 40 connected to the plug 32 and then intermittent switch 29 turns on and off the pump 33. Mounting pipe 14 when the metal tubular rail 6 is the angle brackets 41 at the top and bottom 42 with holes for fastening the inlet fittings 13 and the output 46 of the hose 14. Squares 41 and 42 are fastened by screws 43 to the tubular rail 6 with the bosses 44 (bulges) for the insertion of screws 43. Inside the slats 6 if necessary, to maintain the hose 14 set e is actionee dampers 45. Device for spraying liquid can be used in the pneumatic sprayers with automatic air supply in the tank. In this case, it is made with mechanical switching on and off the supply of liquid, dissolved in the air, able to be compacted.

The pumps discharge pressure fluid regulate the pressure of the fluid and it is constantly necessary.

Compared with the known machine hoses sprayers offered more cheaply and easily and it can be used for low-power pumps, in particular electromagnetic vibration, for spraying tall trees with a height of 6-8 m in farmers ' orchards due to the high rail with the pipeline.

The advantage of the proposed device for lightweight and mechanized sprayers obvious. It is a relatively high performance compared to pnevmopistoleta, they are less time-consuming to maintain, create a cheap spray at low costs and sufficient pressure spray jets for spraying tall trees.

1. Device for spraying liquid into the sprayer, hose containing a supply of fluid under pressure pressure pipeline with grip and control system working fluid to the spray head, is great for the different themes, what supply hose, tubing with grip and control system working fluid and the spray head is made Rethimno, while the handle of the pipeline consists of a rail gauge length, wooden or metal tube, on which are fixed the hose with inlet and outlet fittings with connection for supplying slurry to the spray head screwed on the outlet fitting, the system contains a control device for switching on and off of the pump, mounted on the rail, and consists of discontinuous sealed switch shutters and the pump, and a sealed plug, for connection through a sealed outlet with electrical system on and off of the pump from the power supply.

2. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the handle pipe is made from bolting at the input and output ends of the metallic holders with installation fasteners fittings, connected by a hose PVC and hose further strengthened in between fittings elastic dampers in the middle part along the length of the rail.

3. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the spray head is made with one spray, mainly wire mesh for watering.

4. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that espeletiinae head is made with two vortex sprayers for spraying.

5. The device according to claim 1, characterized in that the control system of the working fluid in the pneumatic sprayers with automatic pumping air into the reservoir is made with the possibility of mechanical on and off supply of fluid.



 

Same patents:

FIELD: engines and pumps.

SUBSTANCE: pressure regulator is set to a specified fluid pressure so that if a fluid pressure exceeds the specified, the fluid pours out into a tank. The pressure regulator comprises case with a lower input vertical threaded aperture to hold an input sleeve; the said sleeve is screwed into an output branch of a force pipe of the electrical pump. Inside the case the input aperture is connected to a crosscut reach-through horizontal hole which relative to the input aperture is divided into an inlet hole on one side, and to a shut- off hole on another side; a regulated discharge valve is installed in the horizontal hole; at sprinkler clogging pressure exceeds the specified and the fluid is discharged into a tank; the fluid flows into the output lower aperture, located behind the discharge valve where a support with a gasket and a thrust screw are installed; a shock absorber is assembled between them; the shock absorber is adjusted to the electric pump fluid pressure. The inlet aperture is designed to feed fluid into a hose connection; the latter is secured to the pressure regulator case by means of the captive nut with gaskets.

EFFECT: simplification of a mechanized electrical pump design with a simplified pump regulator.

4 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, farm crop spraying process.

SUBSTANCE: method involves measuring consumption of working fluid per minute by one sprayer, standardized consumption of working fluid per one hectare, and speed of spraying unit; taking into account distance between adjacent sprayers on boom of field crop sprayer and consumption of working fluid per minute by one sprayer and determining from formula: q=QVa/600, where q is consumption of working fluid per minute by one sprayer (l/min); Q is standardized consumption of working fluid per hectare (l/hectare); V is speed of spraying unit (km/hour); a is distance between adjacent sprayers (m); determining type of spraying unit and its transmission on the basis of standardized consumption of working fluid per hectare, consumption of liquid fluid per minute by one sprayer, and speed of spraying unit; selecting color, type of sprayer and pressure by international standard and also in accordance with standardized consumption of working fluid per one hectare, consumption of working fluid per one minute by one sprayer, and calibrating measuring reservoir by providing separate sectors, each corresponding to specified standardized consumption of working fluid per one hectare, color and type of sprayer with respective pressure and having horizontal lines at various levels and indications as to sprayer unit types and their respective transmissions.

EFFECT: increased precision in adjustment of sprayer, wider operational capabilities, and reduced labor intensity.

1 dwg, 1 ex

FIELD: agricultural engineering, preferably, sprayers for treating of field crops and perennial plants with small doses of working fluid.

SUBSTANCE: sprayer has frame, reservoir, leveling reservoir, pipelines, air duct, and air pipe. Sprayer sprinkler has pneumatic reservoir with upper and lower plate-like disks and layers therebetween defining slit-type nozzles, and replaceable feeding pipe-circular collector positioned above slit-type nozzle with apertures in its lower part. Feeding pipes have various numbers of apertures of maximum diameter united in various groups. Yokes with various number and diameter of openings are disposed on feeding pipe in axial alignment with said apertures. Layers delimiting slit-type nozzle are made replaceable, and variously configured and sized to define their width and thickness.

EFFECT: increased efficiency, increased width of generated spray, wider range of flow rates of working fluid doses.

3 cl, 2 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: sprayer has frame, reservoir, leveling reservoir, pipelines, air duct, and sprinkler including air pipe, upper plate, and base which are separated from each other by layer defining slit-type nozzle. Feeding pipe is positioned in front of slit-type nozzle. Air pipe is axially aligned with slit-type nozzle. Layer consists of two parts having shape of radial curved line at their outlet ends. Feeding pipe is disposed in horizontal plane, is formed arc-shaped and is provided with openings in its lower part.

EFFECT: increased efficiency, reduced consumption of working fluid, and increased width of spray.

2 dwg

FIELD: equipment for suppressing of stumps during gathering of cut forest-and-shrub vegetation along canals, roads, power supply lines, may be used in forestry and amelioration in clearing of lands from shrub vegetation and small forest.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has frame with eyelets for connection to base machine. In lower part of frame there is provided hollow pin resting along edges upon two carrier wheels within which wheels two hydraulic pumps are mounted for delivery of arboricide mixture from tank into hollow pin through bypass pipes. Pumps spring-loaded relative to hydraulic cylinder casings are disposed on bypass pipes. Poles with pivotally fixed levers spring-loaded relative to hollow pin are rigidly secured to lower part of hollow pin. Stump surface loosener is rigidly fixed to each of said levers. Hollow pin is communicating with tank cavity through bypass valve. Mixture feeding mechanism has two systems for simultaneous feeding of mixture onto stumps. One of said systems has mixture feeding valves mounted on hollow pin and sprayers. Valves are actuated by means of pusher positioned in lower part of each spring-loaded lever. In other of said systems, valves positioned on hollow pin are connected to pipelines fixed to spring-loaded levers. Said pipelines are connected to distribution channels provided within looseners.

EFFECT: enhanced biological action upon stumps and reduced consumption of arboricide mixture.

6 dwg

Spray boom // 2314686

FIELD: equipment for machines designed for protecting of plants from pests, diseases, as well as for weed controlling by means of sprayers.

SUBSTANCE: spray boom has carriage made in the form of isosceles trapezium with two four-link mechanisms attached to sides of trapezium. Two four-link mechanisms of parallelogram type are mounted in vertical plane. Carriage is positioned in sprayer frame guides. Upper base of carriage is connected by means of cable hanger to movement mechanism fixed to frame and designed for moving carriage in vertical plane. Each of said mechanisms consists of pivotally interconnected links of different length, said links having axes extending in horizontal plane. First link is made immovable and integral with carriage side. Opposite second link is made integral with cantilevered boom part disposed between pivot joint for connecting it to third link which is joined with its other end to upper pivot joint of first link, and pivot joint for connecting cantilevered part with forth link positioned at point of intersection of line making continuation of third link in its working position with plane of working position of forth link. Other end of forth link is connected to lower pivot joint of first link. Forth link is made in the form of flat triangular frame with apex at point of connection thereof with cantilevered part of boom. Other links of boom are made of single-beam type from bar having triangular, box-like or round circular section.

EFFECT: simplified construction and manufacture process, increased strength, enhanced reliability in operation, reduced weight, material consumption and costs.

2 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agriculture mechanical engineering.

SUBSTANCE: batcher-mixer comprises housing, that receives the pressure-mixing chamber and pesticide chamber. The housing is detachable in the plane of the normal section with respect to the axial line of the piston and outlet port for discharging water. The head of the piston is provided with the face and ring collars. The face of the piston of the pesticide chamber is provided with the adjusting screw that is mounted from the side of the spring.

EFFECT: enhanced reliability, simplified design, and prolonged service life.

2 dwg

Sprayer boom // 2302110

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for treatment of field crop with fertilizer and pesticide solutions. Proposed sprayer boom consists of mounting device and carrying metal sections: central one made in form of flat truss, two middle ones and two extreme ones, hinge connected to each other. Sections of boom are connected with set by hinge mounting of central section of boom on rear of mounting device by means of two connecting clevises forming swinging suspension of boom. Middle and extreme section of sprayer boom are made in form of carrying beams reinforced in vertical plane by tie-rods braces whose rigidity is adjusted by turnbuckles. Tie-rod braces arranged on middle section are installed at angle of 5-6 degrees to horizontal ends of section to center. Tie-rod braces arranged on extreme section are installed at angle of 4 to 5 degrees to horizon from end mated with middle section to center, and at angle of 2 degrees, from center to end. Sections are hinge-connected around vertical axles and are provided with brackets for fastening hydraulic cylinders designed for setting the sections in operating and traveling positions, and brackets fixing sections in operating position.

EFFECT: reduced specific metal usage, action of torsional and bending moments on boom when sprayer in operating position moves in the field, improved quality of treatment of field crop, no adverse effect on environment.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: chemical treatment process, in particular, process used in vegetable growing.

SUBSTANCE: method involves simultaneously treating plants with preparations in coverings isolated from one another, above plant rows and in row-spacings; creating turbulent-vortex motion in order to embrace the entire surface of stems and leaves at their both sides during spraying of preparations onto zones under coverings, above plant rows. Apparatus has unit with preparation containing reservoirs fixed to unit, compressors, pipelines for feeding of liquid preparations into internal cavity of tunnel coverings, above plant rows and covering above row-spacings. Tunnel coverings are formed within single block of all-metal carcass and are positioned so as to change distance therebetween. Tunnel coverings are connected with one another at their end sides by means of movable partitions and from the top by means of detachable closure so as to define coverings isolated from plant rows above row-spacings. Nozzles for spraying of plant rows with preparations are arranged centrally of and within internal cavity of tunnel coverings, in their upper parts and are equipped at their lower parts with rotating blade-type sprayers loosely fixed for rotation on pins and driven into rotation by flows of liquid preparations oriented on said sprayers.

EFFECT: decreased consumption of preparations and reduced extent of environment contamination thereby.

4 cl, 5 dwg

FIELD: agriculture, in particular, protection of plants with pesticides.

SUBSTANCE: apparatus has doubled collector and substrate made from thin sheet steel having area exceeding area of tree leaf and adapted to be folded in transverse direction. Substrate of one of collectors has fastening members provided at its both sides.

EFFECT: provision for objective and precise evaluation of quality of spraying perennial plants with pesticides.

1 dwg

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: fan-type sprayer has axial fan provided with mechanical drive and mounted in casing, liquid supplying system, and nozzles with slot sprayers. Each of slot sprayers is positioned in spaced relation inside nozzle case. Outlet end of slot sprayer is embraced with conical part of nozzle case. Air duct branch pipe is mounted in lower portion of nozzle case. Said space is defined by conical part of nozzle case and sprayer baffle plate. Slot sprayer is divided into individual chambers by means of distribution plates arranged symmetrically relative to nozzle case longitudinal axis, with inclination angle of distribution plates uniformly increasing from nozzle case center to both sides of periphery. Two hydraulic pipes of slot sprayer are extending in parallel with one another and interconnected by connecting member for defining closed contour. Hydraulic pipe is provided with openings uniformly distributed along its length and oriented into inside of slot sprayer in symmetry with openings of opposite hydraulic pipe.

EFFECT: increased efficiency in applying of high-concentrated suspended fertilizers and aqueous emulsions at optimal extent of dispersion and uniform distribution of used preparation on plants.

3 cl, 4 dwg

FIELD: agricultural technique.

SUBSTANCE: blower type sprinkler includes power unit supporting vessel with working liquid, pump, filters, drive, blower. Intermediate frame is secured to lodgments of power unit. Main frame is mounted on intermediate frame and it includes front, rear, angular and paired angular lateral lodgments. Vessel with working liquid is mounted on lodgments with use of rubber gaskets; said vessel is fixed by means of yokes engaged with paired angular lateral lodgments. Struts are mounted in main frame in end zones of vessel. Front and rear vertical frameworks mutually joined through tie rods are mounted on said struts. Ends of vessel with working liquid are secured to said frameworks. Oil tank with filters is mounted on rear vertical framework. Said tank engages with hydraulic pump provided with valve device that may realize smooth start at lowered starting moment of hydraulic motor. The last motor is provided in addition with three-way valve for driving blower mounted in separate strut. There are technological platforms on main frame. Staircase and control distributor of working liquid is mounted on one platform. In rear portion of main frame reduction gear of drive from power unit to hydraulic pump is mounted. Sprinkler has nozzles. Oval cross section egg-shaped vessel of sprinkler is mounted in such a way that its more pointed end is turned upwards. Base of vessel has supporting surfaces in the form of protruded blocks arranged in its ends, angles and lateral sides. Ends of vessel are provided with vertical housings having eyes with fastening openings.

EFFECT: reliable fixation of vessel filled with working liquid on frame of automobile, safety continuous operation of the whole aggregate.

2 cl, 2 dwg

Sprayer // 2248698

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, chemical protection of plants.

SUBSTANCE: sprayer has toxic chemical tank, suction filter, pump, pressure filter, regulator-distributor, main pipelines, hydraulic mixer, vertical and horizontal bar sections with working pipes, and slot-type distributors. Sprayers are arranged on vertical bar sections so that axes of spraying openings are oriented at an angle to spraying unit advancement direction line, said sprayers being arranged in alternation. Flat flame in one group of sprayers is oriented at an angle of 45 deg in direction of advancement and in other group of sprayers at an angle of 45 deg in opposite direction.

EFFECT: simplified construction and increased quality of treatment of green plantation.

FIELD: forestry.

SUBSTANCE: proposed device contains frame with mounted reservoir, tank connected with liquid sprayers made in form of cups, one nested in the other. Outer cups are provided with holes through which flexible elastic pipelines to feed liquid compounds are installed. Inner cups are installed for displacement in vertical plane by means of springs secured on ends of inner cups and are connected by corrugated hoses with tank communicating with reservoir through corrugated pipeline. Cover is fastened on lower part of each sprayer, and inner cup is furnished with measuring scale.

EFFECT: improved quality of treatment of forest seedlings, reduced harmful action onto surrounding medium.

2 cl, 3 dwg

Sprayer // 2253229

FIELD: agricultural engineering.

SUBSTANCE: sprayer has tank for storage of toxic chemicals, suction filter, pump, pressure filter, regulator-distributor, and pressure lines for supplying of working fluid to spraying devices. Pressure lines are provided with gauging inserts. Additional gauging inserts are positioned in front of each working device. Sections of gauging inserts are determined from formula: fn=Kn·fl cm2, where fn is section of n-line; Kn is coefficient determined by calculation depending on length of line and local resistances, K=(0.6-0.9); fl is section of line.

EFFECT: increased efficiency by leveling pressure of working fluid in all pressure lines.

1 dwg

Sprayer // 2253230

FIELD: horticulture, in particular, spraying equipment used for protection of plants, trees and brush from pests and diseases.

SUBSTANCE: sprayer has tank for working fluid, cleaning filter with filtering grid at inlet end, pressure line with pump, valve and bar. Sprayer chamber bottom is equipped with protrusion configured as truncated cone with helical grooves along its axis. Outlet orifice of diaphragm is made conical along protrusion axis. Valve is made in the form of double-armed lever positioned above pressure line and pivotally fixed on shaft. Flexible member is mounted at one end of lever and roller is fixed in spacing between flexible member and lever attachment shaft.

EFFECT: simplified construction, increased quality of spraying by providing high dispersity, and reduced consumption of working fluid.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: agricultural equipment.

SUBSTANCE: method involves providing field soil strip cultivation; feeding working fluid to working tools; controlling feeding of working fluid to working tools; spraying working liquid by means of disk-type working tools, and providing splitting of droplets to 60 micron size; controlling alignment of strips under cultivation process. With herbicides used in conjunction with working fluid, droplet sizes are selected within the range of 60-160 micron, with insecticides used - droplet sizes are selected within the range of 160-250 micron and with fungicides used - droplet sizes are selected within the range of 250-350 micron. Working fluid flow rates are selected to be 3.5 l/hectare, 5-10 l/hectare and 10-20 l/hectare for herbicides, insecticides and fungicides, respectively. Boom sprayer has working fluid reservoir and working fluid distribution and application system, said reservoir and said system being hung onto power supply means. Working fluid distribution and application system has pipelines, generator and boom with spraying devices fixed thereon and provided with electric engines. Independent hydraulic system for mixing of working fluid has hydraulic pump connected to reservoir and cooperating with pressure regulator and hydraulic mixer located within reservoir. Hydraulic pump is actuated by power supplying means drive cooperating with generator of working fluid distribution and application system for applying working liquid by means of boom sprayers. Said system is equipped with dosing pump adapted for supplying of working liquid to each of working tools. Functioning of dosing pump is regulated by control unit providing correlation of working fluid flow rate and advancement velocity of power supply means. Disk-type working tools are adapted for regulation of droplet separation and speed of rotation thereof.

EFFECT: increased efficiency, enhanced reliability in treatment of field crops with small amounts of preparation, and reduced consumption of working fluid.

3 cl, 1 dwg

Electric sprayer // 2257056

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, liquid sprayers used for controlling of horticultural and vegetable crop pests and diseases.

SUBSTANCE: electric sprayer has electric pump with independent power source. Electric pump and power source are located within working fluid vessel equipped with sections for accommodating said pump and power source. Electric sprayer has telescopic holder provided with switch button. Holder has hand-held or automatic hose winding device. One end of hose is connected to electric pump. Sprayer is positioned at other end of hose.

EFFECT: convenient operation, improved safety, mobile and compact construction.

3 cl, 5 dwg

Spraying boom // 2259716

FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, spraying booms for surface application of liquid chemicals.

SUBSTANCE: spraying boom has nozzle units mounted on movable brackets. Working liquid is supplied via pipeline through combs which are connected to nozzle units through hoses.

EFFECT: increased efficiency of spraying boom by differentiated application of liquid chemicals through the entire width thereof.

2 cl, 3 dwg

FIELD: railway operation, in particular, equipment for controlling of grass weedage and elimination of brush from road-bed and permanent way.

SUBSTANCE: base platform is mounted by means of vehicle on permanent way portion intended for treatment with herbicides. Before treatment operation, hose sections are moved to working position, i.e., in parallel with surface to be treated. Movable members of housing are set in horizontal position. Water feeding is provided through pipeline from reservoir and preparation is fed through pipeline from tank into mixer. Simultaneously, pump is switched on and flow velocity regulator is moved to position for returning of working fluid through return pipeline into mixer. Converging tube is positioned with its flare portion oriented in direction of treatment. After switching-on pump, spraying apparatus advances along permanent way portion to be treated. Air flow velocity sensor generates signal delivered to flow velocity regulator drive to provide change-over of feeding of working fluid from return pipeline into pressure pipeline, through which working fluid is delivered to sprayers for applying working fluid onto road-way of permanent railway. Increase in the velocity of sprayer results in increase of flow velocity and, correspondingly, increase in an amount of working fluid fed to sprayers. Simultaneously, signal from sensor is delivered to movable member drives providing rotation thereof in vertical plane and defining housing restricting entrainment of drops with vortex air flows. Air is delivered through air duct to openings, from which it is discharged to the outside to thereby facilitate deposition of small droplets created during spraying of working fluid from sprayers. On increase of velocity of spraying apparatus, intensity of deposition of droplets is increased.

EFFECT: uniform application of herbicides onto area of road-bed of permanent way regardless of velocity of spraying apparatus and provision for preventing offset of preparation flow beyond area to be treated.

3 dwg

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