Super low-volume sprayer
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: sprayer has frame, reservoir, leveling reservoir, pipelines, air duct, and sprinkler including air pipe, upper plate, and base which are separated from each other by layer defining slit-type nozzle. Feeding pipe is positioned in front of slit-type nozzle. Air pipe is axially aligned with slit-type nozzle. Layer consists of two parts having shape of radial curved line at their outlet ends. Feeding pipe is disposed in horizontal plane, is formed arc-shaped and is provided with openings in its lower part.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, reduced consumption of working fluid, and increased width of spray.
The present invention relates to agricultural machinery, mainly to sprayers for processing of field crops and perennial plantings small doses of the working fluid.
Known ultra-low volume sprayer according to patent RU 2058740 C1, A01M 7/00, 1996, consisting of frame, tank, piping, duct, spray in the form of streammessage device with a slit nozzle and feeding tube connected to the tank.
The disadvantage is the large local resistance at the entrance of the air in the slit nozzle, causing pressure loss in the nozzle, and the small width of the jet at the exit and limited fluid flow from the feed tube atomizer.
Also known ultra-low volume sprayer (patent RU 2275022 C1, A01M 7/00, 2006, prototype) containing frame, tank, balance tank, piping, duct and a nozzle comprising an air tube, the upper plate and the base are separated by a spacer, forming a slit nozzle, to which is installed a feeding tube.
The technical solution is to save the consumption of the working fluid increases the width of the grip, performance and extend the range of doses of fluid flow and obtaining the required quality of processing.
The technical problem is solved in that the sprayer ultra is Alabyana, containing frame, tank, balance tank, piping, duct and a nozzle comprising an air tube, the upper plate and the base are separated by a spacer, forming a slit nozzle, to which is installed a feeding tube, an air tube mounted coaxially delavau the nozzle and the seal is made of two parts which are output form the radial curve, with a feeding tube installed horizontally, has an arched shape and at the bottom of the hole.
The ultra-low volume sprayer has a set of nutrient tubes with different number of holes and diameter depending on the flow rate of the working fluid.
The novelty of the claimed proposal due to the fact that, compared with the prototype has a more economical design, so as to decrease the pressure loss at the air inlet of the air supply through an air tube in a slit nozzle, increases the width of the dispenser extends the range of fluid flow, improving the quality of dispersion and uniformity of its distribution width.
According to scientific, technical and patent information not revealed the claimed combination of features, clearly stemming from the current level of technology that allows to make a conclusion about the electoral level proposed izaberete the Oia.
The invention is illustrated by drawings, where figure 1 is a flow diagram of the sprayer, figure 2 - a view a-a jet element.
The sprayer includes a frame (not shown)on which is mounted the tank 1 with the working fluid, hydrobromide 2, a balance tank 3 with the valve 4, the duct 5 and the spray air tube 6, screwed into the base 7 and the upper plate 8 streammessage device coaxially delavau the nozzle formed by the two parts of the strip 9 with the output form of the radial curve. In front of the nozzle set replacement feeding tube 10 arcuate form with the required number and diameter of holes, depending on the flow rate of the working fluid.
Streamresult device and a feeding tube is mounted in the cylindrical housing 11.
Works sprayer as follows.
Air from a compressor or other source (not shown) is supplied under pressure through the duct 5 in the tube 6 of the spray, where to expire through a slit nozzle, formed by the base 7, the upper plate 8 and the parts of the strip 9 with the outlet radial form, where the form of plane-parallel jet injects and disperses the liquid stream flowing from the tank 1 via line 2 through the balance tank 3, tap 4 coming in nutrient T. the pipe 10 in the arcuate form with the required number and diameter of holes depending on the flow rate of the working fluid.
For example, processing of perennial plants, when you need a large flow rate of the working fluid, installed a feeding tube, where the diameter and number of holes maximum (3...5 mm and the number 4, 5, 6), for processing the series of field crops (corn, sunflower), requiring less fluid flow, number of holes 1 to 3 with a diameter of 1...3 mm
The sprayer can be used to manipulate various objects, including soil, field and perennial crops.
The ultra-low volume sprayer containing frame, tank, balance tank, piping, duct and a nozzle comprising an air tube, the upper plate and the base are separated by a spacer, forming a slit nozzle, to which is installed a feeding tube, wherein the air pipe is mounted coaxially delavau the nozzle and the seal is made of two parts which are output form the radial curve, with a feeding tube installed horizontally, has an arched shape and at the bottom of the hole.
FIELD: equipment for suppressing of stumps during gathering of cut forest-and-shrub vegetation along canals, roads, power supply lines, may be used in forestry and amelioration in clearing of lands from shrub vegetation and small forest.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has frame with eyelets for connection to base machine. In lower part of frame there is provided hollow pin resting along edges upon two carrier wheels within which wheels two hydraulic pumps are mounted for delivery of arboricide mixture from tank into hollow pin through bypass pipes. Pumps spring-loaded relative to hydraulic cylinder casings are disposed on bypass pipes. Poles with pivotally fixed levers spring-loaded relative to hollow pin are rigidly secured to lower part of hollow pin. Stump surface loosener is rigidly fixed to each of said levers. Hollow pin is communicating with tank cavity through bypass valve. Mixture feeding mechanism has two systems for simultaneous feeding of mixture onto stumps. One of said systems has mixture feeding valves mounted on hollow pin and sprayers. Valves are actuated by means of pusher positioned in lower part of each spring-loaded lever. In other of said systems, valves positioned on hollow pin are connected to pipelines fixed to spring-loaded levers. Said pipelines are connected to distribution channels provided within looseners.
EFFECT: enhanced biological action upon stumps and reduced consumption of arboricide mixture.
FIELD: equipment for machines designed for protecting of plants from pests, diseases, as well as for weed controlling by means of sprayers.
SUBSTANCE: spray boom has carriage made in the form of isosceles trapezium with two four-link mechanisms attached to sides of trapezium. Two four-link mechanisms of parallelogram type are mounted in vertical plane. Carriage is positioned in sprayer frame guides. Upper base of carriage is connected by means of cable hanger to movement mechanism fixed to frame and designed for moving carriage in vertical plane. Each of said mechanisms consists of pivotally interconnected links of different length, said links having axes extending in horizontal plane. First link is made immovable and integral with carriage side. Opposite second link is made integral with cantilevered boom part disposed between pivot joint for connecting it to third link which is joined with its other end to upper pivot joint of first link, and pivot joint for connecting cantilevered part with forth link positioned at point of intersection of line making continuation of third link in its working position with plane of working position of forth link. Other end of forth link is connected to lower pivot joint of first link. Forth link is made in the form of flat triangular frame with apex at point of connection thereof with cantilevered part of boom. Other links of boom are made of single-beam type from bar having triangular, box-like or round circular section.
EFFECT: simplified construction and manufacture process, increased strength, enhanced reliability in operation, reduced weight, material consumption and costs.
2 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agriculture mechanical engineering.
SUBSTANCE: batcher-mixer comprises housing, that receives the pressure-mixing chamber and pesticide chamber. The housing is detachable in the plane of the normal section with respect to the axial line of the piston and outlet port for discharging water. The head of the piston is provided with the face and ring collars. The face of the piston of the pesticide chamber is provided with the adjusting screw that is mounted from the side of the spring.
EFFECT: enhanced reliability, simplified design, and prolonged service life.
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: invention relates to devices for treatment of field crop with fertilizer and pesticide solutions. Proposed sprayer boom consists of mounting device and carrying metal sections: central one made in form of flat truss, two middle ones and two extreme ones, hinge connected to each other. Sections of boom are connected with set by hinge mounting of central section of boom on rear of mounting device by means of two connecting clevises forming swinging suspension of boom. Middle and extreme section of sprayer boom are made in form of carrying beams reinforced in vertical plane by tie-rods braces whose rigidity is adjusted by turnbuckles. Tie-rod braces arranged on middle section are installed at angle of 5-6 degrees to horizontal ends of section to center. Tie-rod braces arranged on extreme section are installed at angle of 4 to 5 degrees to horizon from end mated with middle section to center, and at angle of 2 degrees, from center to end. Sections are hinge-connected around vertical axles and are provided with brackets for fastening hydraulic cylinders designed for setting the sections in operating and traveling positions, and brackets fixing sections in operating position.
EFFECT: reduced specific metal usage, action of torsional and bending moments on boom when sprayer in operating position moves in the field, improved quality of treatment of field crop, no adverse effect on environment.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: chemical treatment process, in particular, process used in vegetable growing.
SUBSTANCE: method involves simultaneously treating plants with preparations in coverings isolated from one another, above plant rows and in row-spacings; creating turbulent-vortex motion in order to embrace the entire surface of stems and leaves at their both sides during spraying of preparations onto zones under coverings, above plant rows. Apparatus has unit with preparation containing reservoirs fixed to unit, compressors, pipelines for feeding of liquid preparations into internal cavity of tunnel coverings, above plant rows and covering above row-spacings. Tunnel coverings are formed within single block of all-metal carcass and are positioned so as to change distance therebetween. Tunnel coverings are connected with one another at their end sides by means of movable partitions and from the top by means of detachable closure so as to define coverings isolated from plant rows above row-spacings. Nozzles for spraying of plant rows with preparations are arranged centrally of and within internal cavity of tunnel coverings, in their upper parts and are equipped at their lower parts with rotating blade-type sprayers loosely fixed for rotation on pins and driven into rotation by flows of liquid preparations oriented on said sprayers.
EFFECT: decreased consumption of preparations and reduced extent of environment contamination thereby.
4 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agriculture, in particular, protection of plants with pesticides.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has doubled collector and substrate made from thin sheet steel having area exceeding area of tree leaf and adapted to be folded in transverse direction. Substrate of one of collectors has fastening members provided at its both sides.
EFFECT: provision for objective and precise evaluation of quality of spraying perennial plants with pesticides.
FIELD: keeping of transport tracks branch strip, in particular, elimination of weedage by means of herbicides on railway and motor road branch strip, and also treatment of urban streets with chemical reactants.
SUBSTANCE: method involves applying working fluid through group of parallel booms equipped with sprayers and individual valves and communicating with working fluid sources, said valves being furnished with remote control drives connected to controlling processor having sprinkler velocity sensor. One of booms, for example first boom, is equipped with flow rate regulator and other booms are set for operation at constant flow rate enabling optimal spraying quality. Flow rate of second boom is equal to maximal predetermined flow rate of first boom, and flow rate of each subsequent boom exceeds flow rate of previous boom by value corresponding to maximal predetermined flow rate of first boom. At initial velocity of sprinkler, first boom operates, with minimal predetermined flow rate of said first boom, as velocity of sprinkler is increasing, being continuously increased to maximal predetermined value in accordance with processor command sent to flow rate regulator drive. As said maximal predetermined value is reached, processor generates command for switching of locking valve of second boom and simultaneously reducing flow rate of first boom to minimal predetermined value. As velocity of sprinkler increases, processor generates command for connecting subsequent boom or set of booms and simultaneously controlling variation of flow rate of first boom. Method allows flow rate of working fluid through sprayers to be varied as velocity of sprinkler is altered and uniform application of predetermined amount of working fluid over surface under treatment process to be provided.
EFFECT: provision for optimal quality of spraying, reduced losses of working fluid and decreased probability for contamination of environment.
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, sprayers for treating field and perennial crops.
SUBSTANCE: sprayer is made in the form of two sleeves inserted into one another in spaced relation to the entire outer surface of inner sleeve, with rotating shaft axially extending through said sleeves. Shaft is equipped with plug located at its end and provided with turbine. Edge of inner sleeve is made curved to define, in conjunction with upper surface of outer sleeve, air inlet radial opening. Working fluid tubes are mounted into bottom of outer sleeve. Jet spray forming member is defined by cavity of inner sleeve made in the form of truncated cone serving as diffuser. Air nozzle is defined by radial gap between plug and upper part of inner sleeve cavity. Sleeves are rigidly connected with one another. Shaft is positioned for rotation from electric engine mounted on frame and for reciprocation by means of hydraulic cylinder.
EFFECT: reduced consumption of power for operation of sprayer, improved dispersion of jet spray and provision for adjusting dispersion of jet spray.
2 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: spraying of agricultural lands with fertilizers and plant defense means, may be used in agriculture and branches of industry where treatment of territories with liquid solutions is practiced.
SUBSTANCE: method involves creating at least two air flows; directing said air flows symmetrically at an angle of 120-160 deg, preferably 135 deg, about direction of advancement of sprayer in order to spray surface to be treated in rearward direction and laterally of sprayer, and simultaneously creating aerodynamic forces, with resultant of said forces moving said sprayer. Self-propelled sprayer has wheeled frame, carrying at least one reservoir for liquid, at least two air screws whose axes of symmetry are arranged symmetrically at indicated angle about direction of advancement of sprayer, and working liquid feeding system connected to reservoir for liquid.
EFFECT: increased spraying width and provision for self-propulsion of sprayer resulting in increased efficiency, improved spraying quality and reduced operating costs.
7 cl, 6 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, mechanization of horticultural works.
SUBSTANCE: apparatus has carrier frame, booms provided with sprayers and connected with frame through spring-loaded parallelogram mechanisms. Each of booms is attached to parallelogram mechanism by means of retainer so that each of said sprayers may be adjustably offset from longitudinal axis of apparatus. Feeler device oriented along advancement direction is secured with its mid portion at end of bar. Position of outer edge of feeler device relative to outer boom sprayer may be controlled. Elastic skirt is fixed forward of boom in perpendicular plane on feeler device. Such construction allows penetration of herbicide solution onto tree bodies to be eliminated.
EFFECT: uniform discharging of herbicide in the process of tillage of garden strip adjoining tree bodies for two adjoining passes, decreased labor intensity and reduced damage to tree bodies.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: fan-type sprayer has axial fan provided with mechanical drive and mounted in casing, liquid supplying system, and nozzles with slot sprayers. Each of slot sprayers is positioned in spaced relation inside nozzle case. Outlet end of slot sprayer is embraced with conical part of nozzle case. Air duct branch pipe is mounted in lower portion of nozzle case. Said space is defined by conical part of nozzle case and sprayer baffle plate. Slot sprayer is divided into individual chambers by means of distribution plates arranged symmetrically relative to nozzle case longitudinal axis, with inclination angle of distribution plates uniformly increasing from nozzle case center to both sides of periphery. Two hydraulic pipes of slot sprayer are extending in parallel with one another and interconnected by connecting member for defining closed contour. Hydraulic pipe is provided with openings uniformly distributed along its length and oriented into inside of slot sprayer in symmetry with openings of opposite hydraulic pipe.
EFFECT: increased efficiency in applying of high-concentrated suspended fertilizers and aqueous emulsions at optimal extent of dispersion and uniform distribution of used preparation on plants.
3 cl, 4 dwg
FIELD: agricultural technique.
SUBSTANCE: blower type sprinkler includes power unit supporting vessel with working liquid, pump, filters, drive, blower. Intermediate frame is secured to lodgments of power unit. Main frame is mounted on intermediate frame and it includes front, rear, angular and paired angular lateral lodgments. Vessel with working liquid is mounted on lodgments with use of rubber gaskets; said vessel is fixed by means of yokes engaged with paired angular lateral lodgments. Struts are mounted in main frame in end zones of vessel. Front and rear vertical frameworks mutually joined through tie rods are mounted on said struts. Ends of vessel with working liquid are secured to said frameworks. Oil tank with filters is mounted on rear vertical framework. Said tank engages with hydraulic pump provided with valve device that may realize smooth start at lowered starting moment of hydraulic motor. The last motor is provided in addition with three-way valve for driving blower mounted in separate strut. There are technological platforms on main frame. Staircase and control distributor of working liquid is mounted on one platform. In rear portion of main frame reduction gear of drive from power unit to hydraulic pump is mounted. Sprinkler has nozzles. Oval cross section egg-shaped vessel of sprinkler is mounted in such a way that its more pointed end is turned upwards. Base of vessel has supporting surfaces in the form of protruded blocks arranged in its ends, angles and lateral sides. Ends of vessel are provided with vertical housings having eyes with fastening openings.
EFFECT: reliable fixation of vessel filled with working liquid on frame of automobile, safety continuous operation of the whole aggregate.
2 cl, 2 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, chemical protection of plants.
SUBSTANCE: sprayer has toxic chemical tank, suction filter, pump, pressure filter, regulator-distributor, main pipelines, hydraulic mixer, vertical and horizontal bar sections with working pipes, and slot-type distributors. Sprayers are arranged on vertical bar sections so that axes of spraying openings are oriented at an angle to spraying unit advancement direction line, said sprayers being arranged in alternation. Flat flame in one group of sprayers is oriented at an angle of 45 deg in direction of advancement and in other group of sprayers at an angle of 45 deg in opposite direction.
EFFECT: simplified construction and increased quality of treatment of green plantation.
SUBSTANCE: proposed device contains frame with mounted reservoir, tank connected with liquid sprayers made in form of cups, one nested in the other. Outer cups are provided with holes through which flexible elastic pipelines to feed liquid compounds are installed. Inner cups are installed for displacement in vertical plane by means of springs secured on ends of inner cups and are connected by corrugated hoses with tank communicating with reservoir through corrugated pipeline. Cover is fastened on lower part of each sprayer, and inner cup is furnished with measuring scale.
EFFECT: improved quality of treatment of forest seedlings, reduced harmful action onto surrounding medium.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering.
SUBSTANCE: sprayer has tank for storage of toxic chemicals, suction filter, pump, pressure filter, regulator-distributor, and pressure lines for supplying of working fluid to spraying devices. Pressure lines are provided with gauging inserts. Additional gauging inserts are positioned in front of each working device. Sections of gauging inserts are determined from formula: fn=Kn·fl cm2, where fn is section of n-line; Kn is coefficient determined by calculation depending on length of line and local resistances, K=(0.6-0.9); fl is section of line.
EFFECT: increased efficiency by leveling pressure of working fluid in all pressure lines.
FIELD: horticulture, in particular, spraying equipment used for protection of plants, trees and brush from pests and diseases.
SUBSTANCE: sprayer has tank for working fluid, cleaning filter with filtering grid at inlet end, pressure line with pump, valve and bar. Sprayer chamber bottom is equipped with protrusion configured as truncated cone with helical grooves along its axis. Outlet orifice of diaphragm is made conical along protrusion axis. Valve is made in the form of double-armed lever positioned above pressure line and pivotally fixed on shaft. Flexible member is mounted at one end of lever and roller is fixed in spacing between flexible member and lever attachment shaft.
EFFECT: simplified construction, increased quality of spraying by providing high dispersity, and reduced consumption of working fluid.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: agricultural equipment.
SUBSTANCE: method involves providing field soil strip cultivation; feeding working fluid to working tools; controlling feeding of working fluid to working tools; spraying working liquid by means of disk-type working tools, and providing splitting of droplets to 60 micron size; controlling alignment of strips under cultivation process. With herbicides used in conjunction with working fluid, droplet sizes are selected within the range of 60-160 micron, with insecticides used - droplet sizes are selected within the range of 160-250 micron and with fungicides used - droplet sizes are selected within the range of 250-350 micron. Working fluid flow rates are selected to be 3.5 l/hectare, 5-10 l/hectare and 10-20 l/hectare for herbicides, insecticides and fungicides, respectively. Boom sprayer has working fluid reservoir and working fluid distribution and application system, said reservoir and said system being hung onto power supply means. Working fluid distribution and application system has pipelines, generator and boom with spraying devices fixed thereon and provided with electric engines. Independent hydraulic system for mixing of working fluid has hydraulic pump connected to reservoir and cooperating with pressure regulator and hydraulic mixer located within reservoir. Hydraulic pump is actuated by power supplying means drive cooperating with generator of working fluid distribution and application system for applying working liquid by means of boom sprayers. Said system is equipped with dosing pump adapted for supplying of working liquid to each of working tools. Functioning of dosing pump is regulated by control unit providing correlation of working fluid flow rate and advancement velocity of power supply means. Disk-type working tools are adapted for regulation of droplet separation and speed of rotation thereof.
EFFECT: increased efficiency, enhanced reliability in treatment of field crops with small amounts of preparation, and reduced consumption of working fluid.
3 cl, 1 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, liquid sprayers used for controlling of horticultural and vegetable crop pests and diseases.
SUBSTANCE: electric sprayer has electric pump with independent power source. Electric pump and power source are located within working fluid vessel equipped with sections for accommodating said pump and power source. Electric sprayer has telescopic holder provided with switch button. Holder has hand-held or automatic hose winding device. One end of hose is connected to electric pump. Sprayer is positioned at other end of hose.
EFFECT: convenient operation, improved safety, mobile and compact construction.
3 cl, 5 dwg
FIELD: agricultural engineering, in particular, spraying booms for surface application of liquid chemicals.
SUBSTANCE: spraying boom has nozzle units mounted on movable brackets. Working liquid is supplied via pipeline through combs which are connected to nozzle units through hoses.
EFFECT: increased efficiency of spraying boom by differentiated application of liquid chemicals through the entire width thereof.
2 cl, 3 dwg
FIELD: railway operation, in particular, equipment for controlling of grass weedage and elimination of brush from road-bed and permanent way.
SUBSTANCE: base platform is mounted by means of vehicle on permanent way portion intended for treatment with herbicides. Before treatment operation, hose sections are moved to working position, i.e., in parallel with surface to be treated. Movable members of housing are set in horizontal position. Water feeding is provided through pipeline from reservoir and preparation is fed through pipeline from tank into mixer. Simultaneously, pump is switched on and flow velocity regulator is moved to position for returning of working fluid through return pipeline into mixer. Converging tube is positioned with its flare portion oriented in direction of treatment. After switching-on pump, spraying apparatus advances along permanent way portion to be treated. Air flow velocity sensor generates signal delivered to flow velocity regulator drive to provide change-over of feeding of working fluid from return pipeline into pressure pipeline, through which working fluid is delivered to sprayers for applying working fluid onto road-way of permanent railway. Increase in the velocity of sprayer results in increase of flow velocity and, correspondingly, increase in an amount of working fluid fed to sprayers. Simultaneously, signal from sensor is delivered to movable member drives providing rotation thereof in vertical plane and defining housing restricting entrainment of drops with vortex air flows. Air is delivered through air duct to openings, from which it is discharged to the outside to thereby facilitate deposition of small droplets created during spraying of working fluid from sprayers. On increase of velocity of spraying apparatus, intensity of deposition of droplets is increased.
EFFECT: uniform application of herbicides onto area of road-bed of permanent way regardless of velocity of spraying apparatus and provision for preventing offset of preparation flow beyond area to be treated.